Solid Polymer Or Solid Polymer-forming System Is Encapsulated In Or Impregnated In A Nonreactant Material Patents (Class 523/207)
  • Patent number: 10875806
    Abstract: An organic-inorganic composite, including: a discontinuous phase having a plurality of adjacent and similarly oriented fibers of an inorganic material; and a continuous organic phase having a thermoplastic polymer, such that the continuous organic phase surrounds the plurality of adjacent and similarly oriented fibers of the inorganic material, and the organic-inorganic composite is a plurality of adjacent and similarly oriented fibers of inorganic material contained within a similarly oriented host fiber of the thermoplastic polymer. Also disclosed are methods of making and using the composite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2020
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Heather Bossard Decker, Shandon Dee Hart, Jenny Kim, Yanfei Li, Joseph Edward McCarthy, Nicholas James Smith, James William Zimmermann
  • Patent number: 10815329
    Abstract: A curable composition includes a hydrogen-bonded prepolymer, a plasticizer that includes an alkyl benzoate or an alkyl phenyl ketone, and, optionally, a crosslinking agent. The plasticizer promotes a high extent of crosslinking and provides a more positive health and safety profile than the incumbent plasticizer, furfural. A cured resin and a method of forming it are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: The University of Massachusetts
    Inventors: Shaw Ling Hsu, Jigneshkumar P. Patel
  • Patent number: 10703682
    Abstract: Fertilizer pellets may be formed by compressing or compacting a primary fertilizer powder mixed with micronized sulphur.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Inventors: Satish Iyer, Eric Pedersen, Richard Knoll, Babasola Ajiboye
  • Patent number: 10519283
    Abstract: The invention relates to a polymeric composition, comprising: at least one thermoplastic resin having a glass transition temperature of at least about 220° C.; inorganic particulates having an average particle size in the range up to about 100 nanometers dispersed in the thermoplastic resin, the inorganic particulates having an index of refraction in the range from about 1.4 to about 3; and an effective amount of at least one dispersant to disperse the inorganic particulates in the thermoplastic resin. The polymer composition may be a high temperature thermoplastic suitable for forming, such as by molding, optical articles such as lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: Suncolor Corporation
    Inventor: David A. Smetana
  • Patent number: 10508178
    Abstract: The invention relates to a polymeric composition, comprising: at least one thermoplastic resin having a glass transition temperature of at least about 220° C.; inorganic particulates having an average particle size in the range up to about 100 nanometers dispersed in the thermoplastic resin, the inorganic particulates having an index of refraction in the range from about 1.4 to about 3; and an effective amount of at least one dispersant to disperse the inorganic particulates in the thermoplastic resin. The polymer composition may be a high temperature thermoplastic suitable for forming, such as by molding, optical articles such as lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: Suncolor Corporation
    Inventor: David A. Smetana
  • Patent number: 10450466
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention relate generally to the field of multilayer color coatings, and more particularly to multilayer coatings comprising one or more gel coat layers and visual effect pigments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: Polynt Composites USA, Inc.
    Inventor: Ryan Belden
  • Patent number: 9957391
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the field of processing thermoplastic polymers, particularly the present invention relates to a process for manufacturing compacted material suitable for the use in thermoplastic polymers without a compounding step, comprising the steps of a) providing at least one primary powder material; b) providing at least one molten surface treatment polymer; c) simultaneously or subsequently feeding the at least one primary powder material and the at least one molten surface treatment polymer into the high speed mixer unit of a cylindrical treatment chamber; d) mixing the at least one primary powder material and the at least one molten surface treatment polymer in the high speed mixer, e) transferring the mixed material obtained from step d) to a cooling unit, as well as the compacted material obtained by this process and its use in thermoplastic polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Omya International AG
    Inventors: Ernst Ammann, Michael Knerr, Peter Haldemann, Emil Hersche
  • Patent number: 9796821
    Abstract: Mechanical strength of a composite material is enhanced by a simple process. In a composite material comprising a resin or a rubber and an oxide glass, the resin or the rubber is dispersed in the oxide glass, or the oxide glass is dispersed in the resin or the rubber. The composite material has a function that the oxide glass is softened and fluidized by electromagnetic waves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takuya Aoyagi, Takashi Naito, Tadashi Fujieda, Yuichi Sawai, Hajime Murakami, Hiroshi Yoshida, Akihiro Miyauchi, Masahiko Ogino
  • Patent number: 9328237
    Abstract: A two-pack type epoxy resin composition for fiber-reinforced composite materials includes components [A] to [D], with component [D] being a liquid at room temperature or a solid having a melting point of 130° C. or less: [A] an epoxy resin; [B] an acid anhydride; [C] a compound that has an average of 2.5 or more hydroxyphenyl structures in each molecule; and [D] an organic phosphorus compound or imidazole derivative.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Hideki Oka, Nobuyuki Tomioka, Shirou Honda
  • Patent number: 9050856
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a rubber composition comprising: a functionalized elastomer comprising a polymeric backbone chain derived from a monomer comprising at least one conjugated diene monomer and optionally at least one vinyl aromatic monomer; and a functional group bonded to the backbone chain, the functional group comprising a multidentate ligand capable of complexing with a metal ion; and an encapsulated metal salt. The invention is further directed to a pneumatic runflat tire comprising a sidewall insert, the insert comprising the rubber composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Ralf Mruk, Frank Schmitz, Robert Fokko Roskamp, Christian Jean-Marie Kaes
  • Patent number: 9051475
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods for treating metal substrates that include contacting the metal with pretreatment compositions comprising: (a) a group IIIB metal, a group IVB metal and/or a group VB metal; and (b) a rheology modifier composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Nathan J. Silvernail, Thor G. Lingenfelter
  • Patent number: 8962730
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a self-healing rubber composition comprising a functionalized elastomer comprising: a polymeric backbone chain derived from a monomer comprising at least one conjugated diene monomer and optionally at least one vinyl aromatic monomer; and a functional group bonded to the backbone chain, the functional group comprising a multidentate ligand capable of complexing with a metal ion; and a partitioned metal ion. The invention is further directed to a pneumatic tire comprising the self-healing rubber composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Ralf Mruk, Christian Jean-Marie Kaes, Robert Fokko Roskamp
  • Patent number: 8951973
    Abstract: Described herein are methods and compositions for modulating the release and/or drug loading characteristics of encapsulated bioactive agents in polymer-based delivery systems via direct modification of the isoelectric point and/or net charge of the bioactive agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Inventors: Kevin Burton, Torsten Woehr, Thomas R. Tice, Mimoun Ayoub
  • Patent number: 8859288
    Abstract: Methods to produce pH-sensitive microparticles that have an active agent dispersed in a polymer matrix have certain advantages over microcapsules with an active agent encapsulated in an interior compartment/core inside of a polymer wall. The current invention relates to pH-sensitive microparticles that have a corrosion-detecting or corrosion-inhibiting active agent or active agents dispersed within a polymer matrix of the microparticles. The pH-sensitive microparticles can be used in various coating compositions on metal objects for corrosion detecting and/or inhibiting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Wenyan Li, Jerry W. Buhrow, Scott T. Jolley, Luz M. Calle
  • Patent number: 8853284
    Abstract: Aqueous wax dispersions useful as surface modifiers for paints, inks and coatings. More particularly, aqueous particulate wax dispersions useful as surface modifiers to provide improved properties in primers, paints, inks and other coating formulations. The dispersions are stable, substantially homogenous, have a high solids concentration at low viscosities, and comply with the applicable FDA regulations for use in food packaging applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: George Leotsakos, Wayne M. Gravatt, Christopher P. Smith, Michael A. Kocur
  • Patent number: 8840996
    Abstract: A process for making a silica-polyolefin composite. The process has the steps of (a) reacting silica particles and an alkyl halosilane in the presence of a solvent and a catalyst to form silane-functionalized silica particles and (b) reacting the silane-functionalized silica particles with a vinyl-terminated polyolefin. There are other processes for making a silica-polyolefin composites. There are other processes for making metal phosphate-polyolefin composites.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Andy Haishung Tsou, Shuji Luo, Donna Jean Crowther, Victor DeFlorio
  • Patent number: 8796359
    Abstract: The invention provides a method of polymerizing monomer to form polymer at the surface of solid particulate material, said method comprising: providing a dispersion of said solid particulate material in a continuous hydrophilic liquid phase, said dispersion comprising a hydrophilic RAFT agent as a stabilizer for said solid particulate material, and said continuous hydrophilic liquid phase comprising one or more ethylenically unsaturated monomers; and polymerizing said one or more ethylenically unsaturated monomers under the control of said hydrophilic RAFT agent to thereby form polymer at the surface of said solid particulate material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: The University of Sydney
    Inventors: Brian Stanley Hawkett, Christopher Henry Such, Duc Ngoc Nguyen
  • Publication number: 20140205831
    Abstract: A pre-impregnated yarn having a bundle made of reinforcing fiber filaments impregnated with a first resin composition infiltrated into the pre-impregnated yarn and at least partially connected via the first resin composition. The first resin composition contains at least two bisphenol A epichlorohydrin resins H1 and H2 in a weight ratio H1:H2 of 1.1 to 1.4, and an aromatic polyhydroxy ether P1. The pre-impregnated yarn has a second resin composition on the bundle outer side in the form of adhesive particles or drops. The second resin composition is solid at ambient temperatures and has a melting temperature in the range from 80 to 150° C. The bundle interior and at least 50% of the surface of the bundle outer side are free of the second resin composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: TOHO TENAX EUROPE GMBH
    Inventors: Markus Schneider, Silke Stüsgen, Silke Witzel, Bernd Wohlmann
  • Publication number: 20140206796
    Abstract: A blowable insulation material comprising natural fibers and short cut synthetic fibers or fiber balls. The natural fibers and short cut synthetic fibers or fiber balls are individually treated with a water repellent to impart water repellency to the fibers, and later aerodynamically blended together. The water repellent fibers constitute a part or most of the blowable insulation material, thus enhancing the durability of the structure as well as water repellency, which may be advantageous during washing or laundering.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2014
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: Primaloft, Inc.
    Inventors: Kannan Allampalayam Jayaraman, Joseph Rumiesz, JR., Vanessa Mason
  • Patent number: 8779029
    Abstract: The invention provides a method of polymerising monomer to form polymer at the surface of solid particulate material, said method comprising: providing a dispersion of said solid particulate material in a continuous hydrophilic liquid phase, said dispersion comprising a hydrophilic RAFT agent as a stabiliser for said solid particulate material, and said continuous hydrophilic liquid phase comprising one or more ethylenically unsaturated monomers; and polymerising said one or more ethylenically unsaturated monomers under the control of said hydrophilic RAFT agent to thereby form polymer at the surface of said solid particulate material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: The University of Sydney
    Inventors: Brian Stanley Hawkett, Christopher Henry Such, Duc Ngoc Nguyen
  • Patent number: 8735463
    Abstract: Dental restorative composites having self-healing capabilities to repair discontinuities in the composite are provided. Dental restorative composites according to the present invention include a microsphere that encapsulates a monomer. When a fracture occurs, the microsphere is ruptured and the monomer fills the fracture. Depending on the monomer present in the microsphere, it is polymerized by a polymerization initiator or by an olefin metathesis catalyst present in the dental restorative composite. Self-healing dental restorative composites provide increased resistance to fracturing, and thus remain substantially intact for a longer period of time, preserving the remedial integrity of the dental repair or reconstruction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Creighton University
    Inventors: Stephen M. Gross, Mark A. Latta
  • Patent number: 8722761
    Abstract: The disclosure provides a melt processible theromoplastic composition, comprising a major proportion of a base polymer comprising a first melt processible thermoplastic polymer having a first Fedor's solubility parameter and a first viscosity; and a combination of a carrier polymer and a surface modifying additive, the carrier polymer comprising a second melt processible thermoplastic polymer which has a second Fedor's solubility parameter that is at least about 2.5 (J/cm3)1/2 lower than the first Fedor's solubility parameter, and a second viscosity, the carrier polymer being adhered to the surface modifying additive, and wherein the first viscosity is at least about 10 times the second viscosity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Narayanan Sankara Subramanian, David D. Zhang
  • Patent number: 8680176
    Abstract: The present invention provides a nanocapsule of a blocked isocyanate encapsulated within a polymeric nanosphere. In one aspect, the polymeric nanosphere is functionalized. Free isocyanate functionality is released upon thermal annealing or UV exposure of the nanospheres containing the blocked isocyanate. This present invention also provides a novel method for encapsulating isocyanates in aqueous media. In one aspect, the method comprises miniemulsion polymerization. The thermally or UV deblocked isocyanate can be used as an active functional group for many potential applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: The University of Southern Mississippi
    Inventors: James W. Rawlins, Huaxiang Yang, Sharathkumar K. Mendon
  • Patent number: 8487020
    Abstract: Aqueous suspensions of silicate shell microcapsules are disclosed wherein a first portion of the silicate shell micro-capsules contain an organopolysiloxane having at least two alkenyl groups and a hydrosilylation catalyst as Part A of a curable siloxane composition, and a second portion of the silicate shell microcapsules contain an organohydrogensiloxane as Part B of the curable siloxane composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Fabrizio Galeone, Axel Kretschmer, Leon Marteaux, Jean-Thierry Simonnet, Brett Lee Zimmerman
  • Patent number: 8455571
    Abstract: A flame-retardant particle includes: a particle containing a compound having a structure represented by formula (1); and a coating particle that covers at least a part of a surface of the particle: -A(—O—CO—O—Ar)m??(1) wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group; Ar represents a substituted or unsubstituted phenyl group; and m represents an integer of 1 to 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masato Mikami, Masayuki Okoshi, Kazuya Yamanoi
  • Patent number: 8362138
    Abstract: A dispersion of a water-insoluble colorant, having: fine particles of at least one kind of water-insoluble colorant dispersed in a water-containing medium; and a polymer compound or surfactant having a structural unit represented by formula (I): wherein R1 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent; one of R2 to R5 represents a single bond which bonds to W, and the others each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent; Q represents a group of atoms necessary for forming, with the carbon atoms, a ring; J represents —CO—, —COO—, —CONR6—, —OCO—, a methylene group, a phenylene group, or —C6H4CO—; R6 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an aryl group or an aralkyl group; W represents a single bond or a divalent linking group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Satoshi Sano, Ryo Saito, Yohei Ishiji, Jun Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 8362113
    Abstract: A self-repairing concrete includes a predetermined amount of concrete, micro-capsules and water being mixed together for a fixed function of micro-cracks, wherein a mass ratio of the concrete, micro capsules, and water is 100:1-15:15-50. The manufacturing method mixing water with micro-capsules until the micro-capsules are fully dispersed into the water; placing a mixture of water and micro-capsules in a stirring container and adding a predetermined amount of cement into the stirring mixture; stirring; and gradually adding filling into the concrete slurry into a mixing container and removing bubbles in the concrete slurry in the mixing container to form the self-repairing concrete.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Inventors: Feng Xing, Zhuo Ni
  • Patent number: 8329781
    Abstract: Thermosetting colored powder paints to be used in electrostatic painting processes are described. These powder paints comprise not more than 30% by weight of at least one monochromatic pigment coated with at least one aldehyde and/or ketone resin, preferably 5 to 30% by weight, and up to 95% by weight of conversion agent, preferably 70 to 95% by weight; more than 90% of the particles of said at least one coated monochromatic pigment and said conversion agent have a particle size of between 10 and 40 microns, preferably between 15 and 35 microns. The coated monochromatic pigment and the conversion agent have the same specific weight which is between 1.3 and 1.7 g/cc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: INXEL Trademarks & Patents SAGL
    Inventor: Angelo Achille Bardelli
  • Patent number: 8318833
    Abstract: The present invention is drawn to pigment suspensions, methods of forming pigment suspensions, and ink sets. The pigment suspension can comprise an aqueous liquid vehicle and a polymer-encapsulated pigment suspended in the liquid vehicle. The polymer-encapsulated pigment can include a pigment core, a passivation layer formed from a passivation component including an amphiphilic polymer and deposited on a surface of the pigment core, and a polymer-encapsulation layer attached to or deposited on the passivation layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventor: Sivapackia Ganapathiappan
  • Patent number: 8247076
    Abstract: Composition comprising fluoropolymers, such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), poly(hexafluoroethylene), poly(tetrafluoroethylene-hexafluoroethylene), and poly(tetrafluoroethylene-ethylene-propylene), which are dispersed in flame retardants, such as organic, bromine compounds and/or organic phosphorus compounds, and that consist of particles that comprise one or more fluoropolymers and flame retardants. The fluoropolymers may be enveloped by the flame retardant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: Bromine Compounds Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoav Bar-Yaakov, Pierre Georlette, Daniel Plewinski, Ita Finberg
  • Patent number: 8192837
    Abstract: This invention relates to compositions suitable for the formation of an adhesive layer used for in-mold decoration. This invention also relates to in-mold decoration tape or strip, comprising: a carrier layer; a release layer; a durable layer; and an adhesive layer which comprises an adhesive binder, a polymeric particulate material and an inorganic particulate material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Etansi Inc.
    Inventors: Xiaojia Wang, Cheri Pereria, Pei-Lin Wang, Jing-Den Chen, Rong-Chang Liang
  • Publication number: 20120004345
    Abstract: A polymer-encapsulated colorant nanoparticle includes a colorant nanoparticle core, and a polymer coating established on the colorant nanoparticle core. A negatively chargeable functional group is present on a surface of the polymer-encapsulated colorant nanoparticle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 5, 2010
    Publication date: January 5, 2012
    Inventors: Doris Pik-Yiu Chun, Hou T. Ng
  • Patent number: 8063265
    Abstract: A hydrogel having a floatability where from 40% to 90% of a solution and/or suspension to be thickened are thickened starting from the surface of the liquid and the rest of the solution and/or suspension to be thickened is thickened starting from the bottom of the container, a process for preparing the hydrogel and also its use for absorbing blood and/or body fluids, especially in hygiene articles, or for thickening aqueous solutions and/or suspensions, especially for thickening medical wastes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Martin Beck, Volker Frenz, Anna Kowalski, Elisabeth Selzer, Ernst Jürgen Bauer, Harald Keller, Bernhard Steinmetz
  • Patent number: 8048941
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a particulate composite of silica and elastomer comprising a porous silica shell at least partially surrounding a core of diene based elastomer, with at least part of the elastomer extending through at least some of the pores of the porous silica shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Georges Koster, Wolfgang Lauer
  • Patent number: 8026308
    Abstract: A process for producing a solid dispersion comprising a resin and a functional compound dispersed therein, which comprises: kneading a powdery functional compound together with deionized water while gradually introducing the deionized water; adding a resin and, according to need, an additive to the mixture; subsequently heating and kneading the resultant mixture in a vessel which has an atmosphere causing the resin to soften at a temperature not higher than the boiling point of the deionized water and which has been tightly closed according to need so as to function like a pressure cooker to thereby disperse the functional compound into the softened resin; and kneading the resultant dispersion with heating at ordinary pressure or a reduced pressure to remove the water by vaporization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Assignee: Taisei Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Sunamori, Kiyoshi Shingae, Kazuo Yanauchi
  • Patent number: 8013036
    Abstract: Modified scrap rubber particles, a method for forming the modified rubber particles and compositions including the modified rubber particles. The rubber particles are impregnated with at least one polymerizable monomer and polymerized to impregnate the rubber particles with a polymer. The impregnated polymer provides the modified rubber particles with improved properties which increase the potential uses for recycled scrap rubber. The modified rubber particles are useful in surface coatings, such as latex paint or powder coatings and can be used as a soil substitute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Illinois Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Nima Shahidi, Hamid Arastoopour, Fouad Teymour
  • Patent number: 7996945
    Abstract: Modular plastic structural composites having a web section disposed along a horizontal axis and at least one flange section disposed along a horizontal axis parallel thereto and integrally molded to engage the top or bottom surface of the web section, wherein said composite is formed from a mixture of (A) high density polyolefin and (B) a thermoplastic-coated fiber material, poly-styrene, or a combination thereof. Composites molded in the form of I-Beams and bridges constructed therefrom are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
    Inventors: Thomas Nosker, Richard Renfree, Maryann Renfree, legal representative, James Kerstein, Louis Simon
  • Patent number: 7910634
    Abstract: Disclosed are aqueous dispersions of polymer-enclosed particles, such as nanoparticles. Also disclosed are methods for making an aqueous dispersion of polymer-enclosed particles, polymerizable polymers useful in such a method, powder coating compositions formed from such an aqueous dispersion, substrates at least partially coated with such a composition, and reflective surfaces comprising a non-hiding coating layer deposited from such a composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2011
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Shawn A. DeSaw, Dennis L. Faler, W. David Polk
  • Patent number: 7728053
    Abstract: A plastic housing composition for embedding semiconductor devices in a plastic housing includes a multicomponent plastic material, where at least one component is distributed in the plastic material in drop-shaped and/or spherical units. The drop-shaped and/or spherical units are surrounded by dimensionally stable sheaths made from a plastic sheath material. The multicomponent plastic further includes a reactive curing system that cures when the plastic sheaths are torn open. The dimensionally stable plastic sheath material is deformation-sensitive, so that the sheaths tear open under mechanical deformation loading, which initiates and/or accelerates the curing process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2010
    Assignee: Infineon Technologies, AG
    Inventors: Michael Bauer, Alfred Haimerl, Angela Kessler, Joachim Mahler, Wolfgang Schober
  • Publication number: 20100113644
    Abstract: The disclosure provides a melt processible theromoplastic composition, comprising a major proportion of a base polymer comprising a first melt processible thermoplastic polymer having a first Fedor's solubility parameter and a first viscosity; and a combination of a carrier polymer and a surface modifying additive, the carrier polymer comprising a second melt processible thermoplastic polymer which has a second Fedor's solubility parameter that is at least about 2.5 (J/cm3)1/2 lower than the first Fedor's solubility parameter, and a second viscosity, the carrier polymer being adhered to the surface modifying additive, and wherein the first viscosity is at least about 10 times the second viscosity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2009
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Applicant: E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: NARAYANAN SANKARA SUBRAMANIAN, David D. Zhang
  • Publication number: 20100056669
    Abstract: A storage-stable rubberized asphalt paving pellet can include fines in the core. The core can be an asphalt-based binder at about 70% to about 95% by weight of the core. The asphalt-based binder can include: ground tire rubber from about 15% to about 30% by weight of the asphalt-based binder, and pavement grade asphalt from about 85% to about 70% by weight of the asphalt based binder. The core can include fines at about 30% to about 1% by weight of the core. The shell coating the core can provide the pellet with a maximum dimension of about 1/16 inch to about 2 inches. The shell can include a water-resistant polymer or wax, or a coating of fines. In one aspect, the fines are lime fines or ground asphalt pavement fines. Optionally, the fines can be mineral or rock fines as described herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2009
    Publication date: March 4, 2010
    Inventor: William R. Bailey
  • Publication number: 20090305589
    Abstract: A flexible sheet material useful as an energy absorbing material is impregnated with a dilatant silicone composition comprising the reaction product of a polydiorganosiloxane and a boron compound selected from boric oxide, a boric acid, a boric acid precursor, a borate or a partially hydrolysed borate. The silicone composition can be modified by reaction with a hydrophobic compound reactive with silanol groups to improve the resistance to washing. The flexible sheet can be a material, e.g. a fabric, having a negative Poisson's ratio.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2007
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Inventors: Graham Budden, John Francis
  • Publication number: 20090298971
    Abstract: Aqueous wax dispersions useful as surface modifiers for paints, inks and coatings. More particularly, aqueous particulate wax dispersions useful as surface modifiers to provide improved properties in primers, paints, inks and other coating formulations. The dispersions are stable, substantially homogenous, have a high solids concentration at low viscosities, and comply with the applicable FDA regulations for use in food packaging applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2009
    Publication date: December 3, 2009
    Inventors: GEORGE LEOTSAKOS, Wayne M. Gravatt, Christopher P. Smith, Michael A. Kocur
  • Publication number: 20090275676
    Abstract: A process for particulate-resin production from an aqueous solution containing resin particles by recovering the particulate resin from the solution. In recovering the particulate resin from the aqueous solution, a lubricant is added in an amount of 0.05-5 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the resin ingredient contained in the particulate resin and a dispersant is added in an amount 0.1 to 1 time by weight the amount of the lubricant. Thus, a particulate resin excellent in transparency and blocking resistance can be obtained. In particular, a particulate isobutyrene block copolymer resin can be stably produced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 29, 2006
    Publication date: November 5, 2009
    Applicant: KANEKA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Keizo Hayashi, Tomoyuki Yoshimi
  • Publication number: 20090131556
    Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide an epoxy resin composition in which a ratio of the time between the beginning of injection and the vitrification of the epoxy resin composition to the time during which a state of liquid having such a viscosity that the epoxy resin composition can be injected is held after the beginning of injection is small, and a material in which a resin cured product has less-coloring and the appearance and the surface smoothness of the fiber-reinforced composite materials are excellent in order to enable to mold fiber-reinforced composite materials having high fiber volume fraction (Vf) and excellent mechanical properties or fiber-reinforced composite materials having a large size in a short time. The above problem can be achieved by an epoxy resin composition for a fiber-reinforced composite material comprising an epoxy resin, an acid anhydride curing agent and an organic phosphorus compound, wherein the organic phosphorus compound is contained in an amount of 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2007
    Publication date: May 21, 2009
    Applicant: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Shiro Honda, Go Tanaka
  • Publication number: 20090117388
    Abstract: Disclosed is a phenol aralkyl epoxy resin having a structure wherein at least a phenol or a naphthol is bound by using an aralkyl group as a linking group and a structure represented by formula (1) below, while satisfying the condition 1 below. This epoxy resin is excellent in workability during production of a composition and is easy to control quality. Condition 1: The following relation (?) is satisfied with A being the hydroxyl equivalent (as measured in accordance with JIS K 0070) of a phenol-modified epoxy resin obtained by adding an equivalent molar amount of phenol relative to the epoxy equivalent of the epoxy resin, and B being the epoxy equivalent of the epoxy resin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2006
    Publication date: May 7, 2009
    Inventors: Masataka Nakanishi, Katsuhiko Oshimi, Kazuyuki Ohhashi, Toru Kurihashi
  • Patent number: 7456233
    Abstract: An adhesive formulation comprising at least a reinforcing phase, a liquid phase and an adsorbent phase. The adsorbent phase, in particle form, has a surface coating which renders the adsorbent phase non-interactive and non-reactive with at least the reinforcing phase and liquid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2008
    Assignee: Nordson Corporation
    Inventor: Laurence B. Saidman
  • Patent number: 7317044
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a polymer powder composed of polyamide or of copolyamides, which also comprises flame retardant, in particular phosphonates, to a layer-by-layer process which selectively melts regions or selectively binds them, and also to moldings produced from this polymer powder. Compared with conventional products, the moldings constructed using the powder of the invention exhibit marked advantages in flammability and combustibility and drop behavior, particularly with respect to UL® (Underwriters Laboratories) classification. Furthermore, moldings produced from polymer powder of the invention have adequately good mechanical properties when compared with moldings based on polymer powders without flame retardant, in particular in terms of modulus of elasticity and tensile strain at break. In addition, these moldings also have a density close to that of injection moldings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2008
    Assignee: Degussa AG
    Inventors: Sylvia Monsheimer, Maik Grebe, Franz-Erich Baumann
  • Patent number: 7303700
    Abstract: An optically clear structural laminate includes a thermosetting resin, a silane coupling agent and a filler. The laminate has a high weight to strength ratio and is capable of optical transmission over a wide range of temperatures. The laminate has increased tensile strength and is capable of being easily formed into complex shaped components. The structural properties of the laminate make it useful as aircraft canopies and windows.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2007
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Michael C. Miller, Timothy J. Krey, Donald J. Bridges, James L. Melquist
  • Patent number: 7250455
    Abstract: The present invention provides compositions that are capable of being dispersed in a target medium. The compositions include characteristic use particles entrapped within a physical entrapment phase, wherein the physical entrapment phase is dispersible in the target medium. Accordingly, the compositions of the present invention physically prevent the agglomeration or self-association of the characteristic use particles. Also disclosed are processes for manufacturing compositions that are capable of being dispersed in a target medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2007
    Assignee: Shamrock Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles A. Cody, Manshi Sui, Youssef Awad