Saturated Lower Fatty Acids Patents (Class 562/606)
  • Patent number: 10213447
    Abstract: Processes for preparing compositions comprising pharmaceutical agents encapsulated in nanoparticles which provide improved physicochemical and biological properties are described. Also described are compositions comprising water soluble pharmaceutical agents which provide extended release of the pharmaceutical agent. Processes are described for preparing compositions which increase the aqueous availability of compounds with low water solubility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: The Curators of the University of Missouri
    Inventors: Albert N. Ngo, Bi-Botti C. Youan
  • Patent number: 10029980
    Abstract: A method for producing methionine involves contacting 2-amino-4-(methylthio)butanenitrile with water in the presence of an oxide catalyst containing cerium. The 2-amino-4-(methylthio)butanenitrile may be 2-amino-4-(methylthio)butanenitrile, produced by contacting 2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio)butanenitrile with ammonia water or 2-amino-4-(methylthio)butanenitrile, produced by contacting 3-(methylthio)propionaldehyde with hydrocyanic acid and ammonia water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventor: Kana Matsumura
  • Patent number: 9133112
    Abstract: A process for preparing ?-mercaptocarboxylic acid is provided with Step a for reacting a compound represented by a formula: X12S or a compound represented by a formula: X2SH, alkali hydroxide represented by a formula: X3OH (the X groups being defined), and unsaturated carboxylic acid represented by the following General Formula (1) to obtain a reaction solution including a compound represented by the following General Formula (2) and a compound represented by the following General Formula (3), Step b for neutralizing the reaction solution obtained in Step a with an acid to obtain a reaction solution including ?-mercaptocarboxylic acid represented by the following General Formula (4) and a compound represented by the following General Formula (5), Step c for distillation-refining the reaction solution obtained in Step b to obtain the ?-mercaptocarboxylic acid, and Step d for returning a distillation residue in Step c to Step a.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: Masayuki Furuya, Tatsuya Ogawa, Takeshi Nishimura
  • Patent number: 9024066
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for purifying and recovering propionic acid from an aqueous mixture containing a fermentation product obtained from a fermentation process using glycerol as substrate, the method comprising optionally acidifying the aqueous mixture to a pH below 4.5, subjecting the aqueous mixture to an extraction with extracting agent containing a heavy extractant and optionally a light extractant as a diluent to obtain an extract comprising the extracting agent and organic acids, and a raffinate comprising water and any unreacted glycerol, and subjecting the extract to vacuum evaporation to separate propionic acid-containing organic acids from the extractant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Taminco Finland
    Inventors: Tom Granstrom, Juhana Ahola, Jukka Hietala, Esko Tirronen
  • Publication number: 20150105585
    Abstract: A method of treating patients in need of treatment for a cardiac disorder has been found which comprises administering to the patient a seven carbon fatty acid compound or derivative thereof, wherein the compound or derivative thereof is able to readily enter the mitochondrion without special transport enzymes. A dietary formulation suitable for treatment of heart tissue in cardiac or surgical patients has been found which comprises a seven-carbon fatty acid chain, wherein the seven-carbon fatty acid chain is characterized by the ability to transverse the inner mitochondrial membrane by a transport mechanism which does not require carnitine palmitoyltransferase I, carnitine palmitoyltransferase II, or carnitine/acylcarnitine translocase and the ability to undergo mitochondrial ?-oxidation, and wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of n-heptanoic acid or a derivative thereof, a triglyceride comprising n-heptanoic acid or a derivative thereof, and triheptanoin or a derivative thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventor: Charles R. Roe
  • Publication number: 20150090639
    Abstract: Ionic liquids of the general formula C+A? where C+ represents an organic cation, specifically, but not limited to the imidazolium, pyridinium, isoquinolinium, ammonium types, which have aliphatic and aromatic substituents, while A? represents a carboxylate, aromatic and aliphatic anion. The ionic liquids are synthesized under conventional heating or microwave irradiation This invention is also related to the application of ionic liquids to remove sulfur compounds of naphthas through a liquid-liquid extraction and the recovery and reuse of ionic liquids by the application of heat, reduced pressure and washing with solvents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Rafael Martinez Palou, Natalya Victorovna Likhanova, Eugenio Alejandro Flores Oropeza, Diego Javier Guzman Lucero
  • Publication number: 20150079185
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for making composite active particles for use in a pharmaceutical composition for pulmonary administration, the method comprising a milling step in which particles of active material are milled in the presence of particles of an additive material which is suitable for the promotion of the dispersal of the composite active particles upon actuation of an inhaler. The invention also relates to compositions for inhalation prepared by the method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: JOHN NICHOLAS STANIFORTH, MATTHEW MICHAEL GREEN, DAVID ALEXANDER VODDEN MORTON
  • Patent number: 8975437
    Abstract: A continuous process is provided for selective formation of a vinyl ester by reactive distillation from a corresponding carboxylic acid. Carboxylic acid, vinyl acetate, and a palladium acetate—bidentate ligand catalyst complex are provided and reacted in a typical embodiment. Acetic acid and vinyl acetate are continuously removed from the reaction mixture and vinyl acetate is recycled to the reaction mixture. The vinyl ester product is separated from the vinyl acetate, residual carboxylic acid, residual acetic acid, and catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Ilias S. Kotsianis, Barbara F. M. Kimmich, Melchior A. Meilchen, Hang Wang, Prashant P. Barve, Bhaskar D. Kulkarni, Gopal M. Chaphekar, Ravindra W. Shinde, Milind Y. Gupte, Sanjay P. Kamble, Satish N. Shintre
  • Publication number: 20150044741
    Abstract: A method for preparing a carboxylic acid by acidification of a liquid feed including a carboxylate salt, which method includes the steps of providing a liquid feed including magnesium carboxylate; providing a gas feed including gaseous hydrogen chloride; and acidifying the carboxylate to carboxylic acid by bringing the liquid feed into contact with the gas feed, thereby forming a liquid effluent including carboxylic acid and magnesium chloride, wherein the gas feed including gaseous hydrogen chloride is derived from a thermal decomposition step wherein an aqueous liquid including magnesium chloride is subjected to a temperature of at least 300° C., thereby decomposing magnesium chloride into magnesium oxide and hydrogen chloride, thus obtaining a solid including magnesium oxide and a gas comprising gaseous hydrogen chloride.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Agustín Cerdà Baró, Jan Van Breugel, Willem Jacob Groot, André Banier De Haan, Peter Paul Jansen
  • Publication number: 20150038735
    Abstract: An L-type zeolite, a modified L-type zeolite, or any combination thereof may be useful in catalytically preparing ?,?-unsaturated carboxylic acids and/or esters thereof through reaction pathways that include dehydroxylation reactions and optionally esterification reactions. In some reaction pathways, dehydroxylation reactions and esterification reactions may be performed sequentially or concurrently.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Cenan A. Ozmeral, Joseph P. Glas, Rajesh Dasari, Setrak Tanielyan, Ramesh Deoram Bhagat, Mohan Reddy Kasireddy, Ramnik Singh, Vijay Gnanadesikan, Robert L. Augustine, Santosh More
  • Publication number: 20150027928
    Abstract: Methylcarbonate-based ionic liquids (LIs) or carboxylates, derived from aliphatic or aromatic carboxylic acids are provided for the extraction of nitrogen compounds from hydrocarbon mixture (HCs) by liquid-liquid selective extraction, at room temperature and atmospheric pressure, where the LIs are immiscible with the HCs. This process is performed through an extraction by stifling two phases, followed by separation, or in a continuous flow system where the nitrogenous compounds are transferred to the phase formed by the LI and the total nitrogen content is substantially reduced in the HCS phase. The ionic liquids have the general formula C+A?, where: C+ is a heterocyclic organic cation, or quaternary ammonium-based; and A? is a methylcarbonate- or carboxylates-based anion, derived from aliphatic or aromatic carboxylic acids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Natalya Victorovna LIKHANOVA, Rodolfo Juventino MORA VALLEJO, Georgina Cecilia LAREDO SANCHEZ, Irina Victorovna LIJANOVA, Bernando RODRIGUEZ HEREDIA
  • Patent number: 8921593
    Abstract: A semi-continuous process is provided for selective formation of a vinyl ester by reactive distillation from a corresponding carboxylic acid. Carboxylic acid, vinyl acetate, and a palladium acetate—bidentate ligand catalyst complex are provided and reacted in a typical embodiment. Acetic acid and vinyl acetate are continuously removed from the reaction mixture and vinyl acetate is recycled to the reaction mixture. The vinyl ester product is separated from the vinyl acetate, residual carboxylic acid, residual acetic acid, and catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Ilias S. Kotsianis, Barbara F. M. Kimmich, Melchior A. Meilchen, Hang Wang, Prashant P. Barve, Bhaskar D. Kulkarni, Gopal M. Chaphekar, Ravindra W. Shinde, Milind Y. Gupte, Sanjay P. Kamble, Satish N. Shintre
  • Publication number: 20140371487
    Abstract: A method of oxidative molecular cleavage of a fatty compound, includes: —forming a liquid composition, referred to as a fatty composition, consisting of at least one aliphatic carboxylic acid, the fatty composition including the fatty compound; characterised in that it then involves: —adding, to the fatty composition, a solution of at least one quaternary ammonium salt in water capable of forming an emulsion from the fatty compound and water, then; —adding, to the emulsion, a liquid solution of at least one tungstophosphoric acid in a composition including hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), in such a way as to form, in situ in the emulsion, a quantity of a phase-transfer catalyst, formed from tungstophosphoric acid and at least one quaternary ammonium from the quaternary ammonium salt(s), and to allow the oxidative molecular cleavage of the fatty compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicants: INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE, INSTITUT NATIONAL POLYTECHNIQUE DE TOULOUSE
    Inventors: Anaïs Godard, Sophie Thiebaud Roux, Pascale De Caro, Emeline Vedrenne, Zéphirin Mouloungui
  • Publication number: 20140343317
    Abstract: A process for removing free carboxylic acid from an aqueous solution including a mass fraction of less than 1% wt of the free carboxylic acid. The process includes the steps of: (a) contacting the aqueous solution with a depleted solvent including a polyamine extractant to obtain an extract enriched in free carboxylic acid and a raffinate having a reduced free carboxylic acid content; and (b) separating the raffinate from the extract, wherein the polyamine extractant is a compound containing at least two nitrogen atoms, and at least one double bond between a nitrogen atom and a carbon atom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: André Banier De Haan, Agnieszka Krzyzaniak, Boelo Schuur
  • Publication number: 20140330039
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for purifying and recovering propionic acid from an aqueous mixture containing a fermentation product obtained from a fermentation process using glycerol as substrate, the method comprising optionally acidifying the aqueous mixture to a pH below 4.5, subjecting the aqueous mixture to an extraction with extracting agent containing a heavy extractant and optionally a light extractant as a diluent to obtain an extract comprising the extracting agent and organic acids, and a raffinate comprising water and any unreacted glycerol, and subjecting the extract to vacuum evaporation to separate propionic acid-containing organic acids from the extractant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Applicant: TAMINCO FINLAND
    Inventors: Tom Granstrom, Juhana Ahola, Jukka Hietala, Esko Tirronen
  • Publication number: 20140323761
    Abstract: A process for preparing ?-mercaptocarboxylic acid is provided with Step a for reacting a compound represented by a formula: X12S or a compound represented by a formula: X2SH, alkali hydroxide represented by a formula: X3OH (the X groups being defined), and unsaturated carboxylic acid represented by the following General Formula (1) to obtain a reaction solution including a compound represented by the following General Formula (2) and a compound represented by the following General Formula (3), Step b for neutralizing the reaction solution obtained in Step a with an acid to obtain a reaction solution including ?-mercaptocarboxylic acid represented by the following General Formula (4) and a compound represented by the following General Formula (5), Step c for distillation-refining the reaction solution obtained in Step b to obtain the ?-mercaptocarboxylic acid, and Step d for returning a distillation residue in Step c to Step a.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Masayuki Furuya, Tatsuya Ogawa, Takeshi Nishimura
  • Publication number: 20140323694
    Abstract: PFRs for running multiphasic processes are disclosed. The PFRs are single or multi-chamber devices having at least three types of regions (a liquid-contacting region, a gas-contacting region and a liquid-collection region), and a porous substrate providing fluid communication at least between the liquid-contacting and gas-contacting regions. Removal of liquid from the porous substrate, such as by collecting the liquid as it flows off the bottom of the porous substrate in the liquid-collection region or such as by evaporation of the liquid from the porous substrate in the evaporation region supports a continuous flow process. Methods of using the PFRs are also disclosed, for example methods of using the PFRs as photobioreactors for cultivating photosynthetic microorganisms, for producing fermentable sugars, for producing ethanol, for fermenting synthesis gas and producing single cell protein from natural gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Marc Gregor Von Keitz, Jimmy Lee Gosse, Stefan Thust, Thomas Harwood
  • Publication number: 20140303401
    Abstract: A process is provided for recovering aliphatic monocarboxylic acids having from 4 to 11 carbon atoms from the distillation residue obtained in the oxidation of the corresponding aldehyde by means of oxygen or oxygen-containing gas mixtures in the presence of alkali metal carboxylates or alkaline earth metal carboxylates to form the corresponding monocarboxylic acid and subsequent distillation, characterized in that the distillation residue is reacted with an aqueous acid in a tube reactor and the two-phase mixture flowing out from the tube reactor is introduced into a settling vessel in which the organic phase which separates out has a pH of 4.5 or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventors: Guido D. Frey, Jörg Arnold, Wolfgang Höfs, Matthias Kramer, Thomas Müller, Heinz Strutz
  • Publication number: 20140296571
    Abstract: This invention relates to microorganisms that convert a carbon source to propionate. The invention provides genetically engineered microorganisms that carry out the conversion, as well as methods for producing propionate by culturing the microorganisms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventor: The Procter & Gamble Company
  • Publication number: 20140288175
    Abstract: A method for treating glycogen storage disease by administering an effective amount of a composition that includes ketogenic odd carbon fatty acids that ameliorate the symptoms of these diseases.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: Baylor Research Institute
    Inventor: Charles R. ROE
  • Publication number: 20140288329
    Abstract: There is provided a process for preparing ?-mercaptocarboxylic acid represented by the following General Formula (3) comprising step of reacting hydrogen sulfide, alkali hydroxide represented by a formula: XOH (X represents Na or K), and unsaturated carboxylic acid represented by the following General Formula (1) under atmospheric pressure to obtain a reaction solution including a compound represented by the following General Formula (2) and step of neutralizing the reaction solution in an acid. An amount of the alkali hydroxide is equal to or greater than total moles of the unsaturated carboxylic acid and the hydrogen sulfide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Masayuki Furuya, Tatsuya Ogawa, Takeshi Nishimura
  • Publication number: 20140257085
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of aqueous solutions of hyperpolarized carboxylic organic acids ready for use in in-vivo MR diagnostic imaging, and the use of the corresponding anhydrides or esters as glass-forming agents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2012
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: BRACCO IMAGING S.P.A.
    Inventors: Silvio Aime, Sonia Colombo Serra, Giovanni Battista Giovenzana, Pernille Rose Jensen, Magnus Karlsson, Mathilde H. Lerche, Fabio Tedoldi
  • Publication number: 20140235722
    Abstract: The present invention relates to salts, polymorphs and hydrates of 2-Amino-2-[2-(4-C2-20-alkyl-phenyl)ethyl]propane-1,3-diol, and to the use thereof, in particular in the treatment or prevention of various autoimmune conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2014
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: NOVARTIS AG
    Inventors: Guido Jordine, Michael Mutz
  • Publication number: 20140221688
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for recovering a water-soluble complex mixture of organic compounds from an aqueous stream through extraction and/or through contact of the aqueous stream with a sorbent or sorbents selected from the group consisting of polymeric microreticular sorbent resins, zeolite-based adsorbents, clay-based adsorbents, activated carbon-based sorbents, and mixtures thereof; and including methods to recover the removed organic compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2013
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: KIOR, Inc.
    Inventors: Maria Magdalena Ramirez Corredores, Xiaowei Tong, Rocio Maria Banda, Royce Roemisch
  • Publication number: 20140221686
    Abstract: Improvement in separating lower carboxylic acids from aqueous streams via liquid-liquid extraction with pressurized liquefied propylene and/or propane, wherein carboxylic acid is transferred from the aqueous phase into the liquid solvent phase (extract). The extracted carboxylic acids are recovered as a liquid concentrate by evaporating off the propylene and/or propane solvent from the extract at mild temperatures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 24, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: Arkema Inc.
    Inventor: Steven G. Schon
  • Publication number: 20140194648
    Abstract: Process for producing 2-ethylheptanoic acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Christian Boeing, Dietrich Maschmeyer, Markus Winterberg, Michael Grass, Andreas Gevers, Hinnerk Gordon Becker
  • Patent number: 8729300
    Abstract: The present invention provides a simple, safe and more efficient process for preparing metal salts of valproic acid. The process includes steps of: (i) mixing valproic acid and a metal hydroxide (either dry solid or aqueous solution) in a drier to form a reaction mixture; and (ii) removing water, which is produced during the step of mixing the valproic acid and the metal hydroxide, from the reaction mixture to obtain the desired metal salts of valproic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Sci Pharmtech, Inc.
    Inventors: Wen-Chih Chuo, Weichyun Wong, Yon-Lian Wu
  • Patent number: 8703999
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for the production and purification of glycolic acid or glycolic acid derivatives by the carbonylation of methylene dipropionate in the presence of a solid acid catalyst and propionic acid. This invention discloses hydrocarboxylations and corresponding glycolic acid separations wherein the propionic acid stream is readily removed from the glycolic acid and the propionic acid is recycled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Scott Donald Barnicki, Robert Thomas Hembre, Stephen Neal Falling, Mesfin Ejerssa Janka, Kelley Margaret Moran
  • Publication number: 20140094618
    Abstract: Described is a method to make liquid chemicals. The method includes deconstructing cellulose to yield a product mixture comprising levulinic acid and formic acid, converting the levulinic acid to ?-valerolactone, and converting the ?-valerolactone to pentanoic acid. Alternatively, the ?-valerolactone can be converted to a mixture of n-butenes. The pentanoic acid can be decarboxylated yield 1-butene or ketonized to yield 5-nonanone. The 5-nonanone can be hydrodeoxygenated to yield nonane, or 5-nonanone can be reduced to yield 5-nonanol. The 5-nonanol can be dehydrated to yield nonene, which can be dimerized to yield a mixture of C9 and C18 olefins, which can be hydrogenated to yield a mixture of alkanes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2013
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: James A. Dumesic, Juan Carlos Serrano Ruiz, Ryan M. West
  • Publication number: 20140087978
    Abstract: A method of converting an inactive biocide into an active biocide comprises: contacting the inactive biocide with an activating agent, wherein the activating agent is capable of chemically reacting with the inactive biocide; and causing or allowing a chemical reaction to take place between the inactive biocide and the activating agent, wherein the chemical reaction produces the active biocide. The methods can also include deactivating the active biocide via a chemical reaction between the active biocide and a deactivating agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Applicant: HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVICES, INC
    Inventor: Jay P. DEVILLE
  • Publication number: 20140051872
    Abstract: The present invention provides catalysts, methods, and reactor systems for converting oxygenated hydrocarbons to oxygenated compounds. The invention includes methods for producing cyclic ethers, monooxygenates, dioxygenates, ketones, aldehydes, carboxylic acids, and alcohols from oxygenated hydrocarbons, such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like, using catalysts containing palladium, molybdenum, tin, and tungsten. The oxygenated compounds produced are useful in the production of liquid fuels, chemicals, and other products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2012
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: Virent, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian Blank, Randy Cortright, Taylor Beck, Elizabeth Woods, Mike Jehring
  • Publication number: 20140031546
    Abstract: A hydrodeoxygenation catalyst comprises a metal catalyst, an acid promoter, and a support. The metal catalyst is selected from platinum, palladium, ruthenium, rhenium rhodium, osmium, iridium, nickel, cobalt, molybdenum, copper, tin, or mixtures thereof. The support is a promoted-zirconium material including texture promoters and acid promoters. The hydrodeoxygenation catalyst may be used for hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of sugar or sugar alcohol in an aqueous solution. In one embodiment the HDO catalyst may be used for HDO of fatty acids such as fatty acid methyl esters (FAME), triglycerols (in plant oil and animal fat), pyrolysis oil, or lignin. The hydrodeoxygenation catalyst for fatty acid process does not require the use of an acid promoter, it is optional.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2012
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Inventors: Wenqin Shen, Alguo Liu, Wayne Turbeville
  • Publication number: 20130303802
    Abstract: The present invention provides tools and methods for producing organic acids using strains of Monascus which are tolerant to high organicacid concentrations at low pH.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2011
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Applicant: TOTAL RAFFINAGE MARKETING
    Inventors: Alexander Ruud Weusthuis, Emil Johan Harald Wolbert, Jan Springer, John Van Der Oost, Gerrit Eggink
  • Publication number: 20130281664
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel Ruthenium catalysts and related borohydride complexes, and the use of such catalysts, inter alia, for (1) hydrogenation of amides (including polyamides) to alcohols and amines; (2) preparing amides from alcohols with amines (including the preparation of polyamides (e.g., polypeptides) by reacting dialcohols and diamines and/or by polymerization of amino alcohols); (3) hydrogenation of esters to alcohols (including hydrogenation of cyclic esters (lactones) or cyclic di-esters (di-lactones) or polyesters); (4) hydrogenation of organic carbonates (including polycarbonates) to alcohols and hydrogenation of carbamates (including polycarbamates) or urea derivatives to alcohols and amines; (5) dehydrogenative coupling of alcohols to esters; (6) hydrogenation of secondary alcohols to ketones; (7) amidation of esters (i.e.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Inventors: David Milstein, Ekambaram Balaraman, Chidambaram Gunanathan, Boopathy Gnanaprakasam, Jing Zhang
  • Publication number: 20130231504
    Abstract: A method for producing bioresourced propionic acid from glycerol. Also, a composition comprising more than 85 mass % of bioresourced propionic acid, and to the use of the propionic acid obtained from the method as a solvent, as a food preservative, for producing herbicide or for preparing vinyl propionate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Applicant: ARKEMA FRANCE
    Inventor: Jean-Luc DUBOIS
  • Publication number: 20130204023
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to processes and systems utilizing one or more extraction towers in the recovery and recycle of acid catalysts used in the production of carboxylic acids. The carboxylic acids may be neo-acids produced through the hydrocarboxylation of olefins or olefin mixtures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: ExxonMobile Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: Carl R. Beck
  • Publication number: 20130157034
    Abstract: A method for chemical modification of graphene includes dry etching graphene to provide an etched graphene; and introducing a functional group at an edge of the etched graphene. Also disclosed is graphene, including an etched edge portion, the etched portion including a functional group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventor: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
  • Patent number: 8440859
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing bioresourced propionic acid from glycerol. The invention also relates to a composition comprising more than 85 mass % of bioresourced propionic acid, and to the use of the propionic acid obtained from the method as a solvent, as a food preservative, for producing herbicide or for preparing vinyl propionate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventor: Jean-Luc Dubois
  • Publication number: 20130096322
    Abstract: A method of production of value-added, biobased chemicals, derivative products, and/or purified glycerin from bioglycerin of recycled oil, grease, and/or fat origin is described herein. A method of purification of bioglycerin of recycled oil, grease, and/or fat origin is also described herein. The method of purification of bioglycerin of recycled oil, grease, and/or fat origin described provides methods for desalinating, decolorizing, and/or concentrating bioglycerin of recycled oil, grease, and/or fat origin for the production of biobased chemicals, derivative products, and/or purified glycerin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2012
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Applicant: THESIS CHEMISTRY, LLC
    Inventors: John R. Peterson, Christopher M. Yost
  • Publication number: 20130055632
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing coal, asphalt, liquid hydrocarbon, organic acids, methane gas and/or hydrogen from a waste material comprising: a) providing a waste material; b) subjecting the waste material to irradiation with low frequency macro waves, with a wavelength of between 700 nm and 1 mm, whereby the temperature is between 2050 C and 9000 C and the pressure is between 1.0 bar and 19.0 bar, thereby producing coal; c) optionally subjecting the residual materials in gaseous state from step b) to a physicochemical reaction in the presence of a solid metal identified as DPP B102, whereby the temperature is between 1800 C and 5000 C and the pressure is between 0.98 bar and 5.5 bar, thereby producing asphalt; d) optionally subjecting the residual materials in gaseous state from step b) or c) to a physicochemical reaction and/or condensation, whereby the temperature is between 1500 C and 7500 C and the pressure is between 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2011
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Inventors: Dieter Peter Petry, Aldo Mario Higinio Acosta Ayala, Andres Anastacio Barrios Maciel, Leon Isaac Vera Vera
  • Patent number: 8361173
    Abstract: Provided herein are blends oils or fatty acids comprising more than 50% medium chain fatty acids, or the fatty acid alkyl esters thereof, and having low melting points. Such blends are useful as a fuel or as a starting material for the production of, for example, a biodiesel. Also provided genetically altered or modified plants, modified such that the amount of medium chain fatty acids generated by the plant are increased. Further provided is a method of predicting the melting point of a blend of fatty acid methyl esters and the use of such a method for identifying blends suitable for use as, for example, a biodiesel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Nucelis Inc.
    Inventors: Mark Knuth, Peter R. Beetham, Keith Walker, Greg F. W. Gocal
  • Publication number: 20130012699
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a carbon dioxide absorbent, an ionic liquid obtained by reacting amide and an organic acid and a method of using the same. The amidium-based ionic liquid of the present invention has excellent CO2 absorption capability, which is hardly reduced even with repeated use, is easy to synthesize and has low manufacturing cost thus being useful as a CO2 absorbent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Publication date: January 10, 2013
    Applicants: Kia Motors Corporation, Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Seok Jin Choi, Jelliarko Palgunadi, Je Eun Kang, Hoon Sik Kim, Sung Yeup Chung
  • Publication number: 20120316320
    Abstract: The presently disclosed subject matter relates to Managed Ecosystem Fermentation (MEF) which is a continuous microbial process utilizing a managed ecosystem approach employing dozens to thousands of species of microorganisms, occurring in a controlled artificial environment and consuming organic materials without benefit of sterilization. The process of utilizing this fermentation for the consumption of organic materials on a continuous basis is within the scope of this disclosed subject matter. The process of separating chemicals as industrial chemicals from this fermentation on a continuous basis is within the scope of this disclosed subject matter. The process of separating biomass useful as high protein animal feed or fertilizer from this fermentation on a continuous (or semi-continuous) basis is within the scope of this disclosed subject matter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2012
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Inventors: Edward Arthur Calt, JR., Herbert Graham Tull, IV, Stanley Sylvester Toporek
  • Patent number: 8293793
    Abstract: The present invention relates to propionic acid-comprising compositions in solid and essentially pure form comprising at least one compound according to formula (I) (Mn+)(H+)x(CH3CH2C(O)O?)(n+x)??(I), where Mn+ is an n-valent alkali metal cation or alkaline earth metal cation, n being equal to 1 or 2; and x is a number in the range from 0.25 to 5; with the proviso that x is not in the range from 0.75 to 1.75 when Mn+ is potassium; a method for producing such propionic acid-comprising compositions; and also the use of such compositions as silage additive, preservative, acidifier, food supplement, feedstuff or feedstuff additive for animal feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Alexander Hauk, Stefan Gropp, Gerd Diebold, Florian Weigel, Gerhard Laux
  • Publication number: 20120264915
    Abstract: Methods, kits and apparatuses for chromatography purification of antibodies are provided. In some embodiments, antibodies are purified by mixed mode chromatography that does not comprise hydroxyapatite (HT) or fluorapatite (FT). The mixed mode chromatography step is then followed by a HT/FT chromatography step.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2012
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Applicant: Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter S. Gagnon, Hong Chen, Russ Frost
  • Publication number: 20120264660
    Abstract: A traceable treatment composition for treating a subterranean formation having multiple zones penetrated by a well bore comprising a homogenous blend of a tracking composition and a resin composition. The tracking composition comprises a substantially non-radioactive tracking material selected from the group consisting of a metal salt. The metal portion of the metal salt may be selected from the group consisting of gold, silver, lithium, molybdenum, and vanadium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Applicant: Halliburton Energy Seervices, Inc.
    Inventors: Philip D. Nguyen, Jimmie D. Weaver, Johnny A. Barton
  • Patent number: 8258340
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a method for industrially producing ?-mercapto carboxylic acids that are useful as synthetic raw materials for medicines and agrochemicals or as additives for polymer compounds from easily available ?,?-unsaturated carboxylic acids in high yields and productivity. The present invention is characterized in that a solvent having an amide group and represented by the formula (1) is used when the ?,?-unsaturated carboxylic acids are reacted with hydrogen sulfides to produce the ?-mercapto carboxylic acids. Particularly, it is more preferable to carry out the reaction at a pH range of 6.0 to 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Showa Denko K.K.
    Inventors: Hidemasa Aoki, Akio Kuroiwa, Akira Shibuya
  • Patent number: 8236534
    Abstract: A process for producing ethanol including a combination of biochemical and synthetic conversions results in high yield ethanol production with concurrent production of high value coproducts. An acetic acid intermediate is produced from carbohydrates, such as corn, using enzymatic milling and fermentation steps, followed by conversion of the acetic acid into ethanol using esterification and hydrogenation reactions. Coproducts can include corn oil, and high protein animal feed containing the biomass produced in the fermentation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Zeachem, Inc.
    Inventors: Dan Verser, Timothy J. Eggeman
  • Publication number: 20120195984
    Abstract: Described herein are compounds (including medical foods, pharmaceutical compositions, methods of compounding them), methods and systems for the diagnosis and/or treatment of prodromal schizophrenia. For example, described herein are methods of treating a developmentally-based neuropsychiatric disorder (schizophrenia) that includes first determining if a subject is at risk for such a disorder by examining phenotypical, serological immune markers and genotypical biomarkers. The biomarkers may be used to tailor the dose to be delivered by the medial food or pharmaceutical composition. Also described are compounds for treating prodromal (rather than full-blown) schizophrenia.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Publication date: August 2, 2012
    Inventor: Jay L. Lombard
  • Publication number: 20120149922
    Abstract: Described is a method to make liquid chemicals. The method includes deconstructing cellulose to yield a product mixture comprising levulinic acid and formic acid, converting the levulinic acid to ?-valerolactone, and converting the ?-valerolactone to pentanoic acid. Alternatively, the ?-valerolactone can be converted to a mixture of n-butenes. The pentanoic acid can be decarboxylated yield 1-butene or ketonized to yield 5-nonanone. The 5-nonanone can be hydrodeoxygenated to yield nonane, or 5-nonanone can be reduced to yield 5-nonanol. The 5-nonanol can be dehydrated to yield nonene, which can be dimerized to yield a mixture of C9 and C18 olefins, which can be hydrogenated to yield a mixture of alkanes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2012
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Inventors: James A. Dumesic, Juan Carlos Serrano Ruiz, Ryan M. West