Including Production Of Withdrawable Product Or Steam For External Use Patents (Class 60/648)
  • Patent number: 12006878
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus to operate gas turbines with hydrogen as the combusting fuel are disclosed. An example gas turbine system includes an intercooler disposed between at a fan and at least a portion of a compressor, and at least one conduit to define a flow path to convey fluid, the flow path including a first portion and a second portion, the first portion of the flow path to carry the fluid to or through the intercooler, the second portion of the flow path to carry the fluid at least partially around at least one of a low-pressure turbine or an exhaust section downstream of a combustor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2022
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2024
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventor: David Justin Brady
  • Patent number: 11898491
    Abstract: A propulsion system for an aircraft includes a hydrogen fuel system, a water recovery system and a water pressure and quantity monitoring system. The water recovery system uses a condenser to extract water from an exhaust gas flow. The water pressure and quantity monitoring system measures water pressures and quantities at various locations in the water recovery system to assess the health and efficiency of the water recovery/supply system and the propulsion system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2022
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2024
    Assignee: RTX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Edward Thomas Rocco, Danbing Seto, Coy Bruce Wood, Liang Tang
  • Patent number: 11876462
    Abstract: A method for storing new harvestable energy with excess or unutilized energy includes providing an object configured to be transitioned between at least a depleted energy state and a stored energy state. Obtained excess or unutilized energy which is utilized to transition the object to the stored energy state. At least a portion of this stored energy is harvested for use when the object is released from the stored energy state and transitions towards the depleted energy state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2022
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2024
    Assignee: KEY SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventor: George Eckerdt
  • Patent number: 11859505
    Abstract: This steam turbine is provided with: a steam turbine rotor which extends in an axial direction; a pair of bearings which support the steam turbine rotor in such a way as to be capable of rotating about the axial direction; a steam turbine casing which encloses the steam turbine rotor between the pair of bearings; a casing support unit which supports the steam turbine casing from below; and a first heating unit which is provided on the casing support unit and which is capable of heating the casing support unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2024
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Makoto Kondo, Katsuhisa Hamada
  • Patent number: 11848129
    Abstract: Described herein are DC-DC converters having various immersion-cooling features enabling high-power applications, such as cross-charging electric vehicles. For example, the inductor of a DC-DC converter may be formed using metal and insulator sheets stacked and wound into an inductor coil assembly. The metal sheet comprises grooves, extending parallel to the coil axis and forming coil fluid pathways through this assembly thereby providing immersion cooling to the inductor. An inductor-cooling liquid may be pumped through these fluid pathways while being in direct contact with the metal sheet, at least around the grooves. In some examples, these grooves are distributed along the entire length of the metal sheet. Multiple inductors may be used to enable operations of multiple converter units, e.g., operating out of phase. These inductors may be fluidically interconnectors and have the same cooling features.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2023
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2023
    Assignee: DIMAAG-AI, Inc.
    Inventors: Ian Wright, Max Chapman, Sean McLean
  • Patent number: 11840931
    Abstract: A process for regasifying a fluid and producing electrical energy includes subjecting a working fluid to 1) high-pressure pumping, 2) heating in a recovery unit to obtain a heated flow, the heating step comprising a low-temperature heat recovery step 2a) and a high-temperature heat recovery step 2b), 3) further heating to obtain a further heated flow, 4) expanding in a turbine, with production of electrical energy, to obtain an expanded flow, 5) cooling in a recovery unit by heat exchange, in a step 5a) with the flow of step 2b) and in a step 5b) with the flow of step 2a) to obtain a cooled flow, 6) expanding with production of mechanical energy, and 7) condensing the flow of working fluid. After step 5), a portion of the flow of working fluid is not subjected to step 6) and is subjected to a recompressing step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2020
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2023
    Assignee: SAIPEM S.P.A.
    Inventors: Salvatore De Rinaldis, Massimiliano Sbarsi, Lucio Aurilio, Anton Marco Fantolini
  • Patent number: 11834986
    Abstract: Disclosed is an improved method and system of operating the semi-closed cycle, which both reduces parasitic loads for oxygen generation and for gas clean up, while also reducing, capital cost of the gas clean up plant (reduced drying requirement) and of the oxygen plant (enabling membranes vs. mole sieves). The invention is applicable to piston or turbine engines, and results in a near fully non-emissive power system via the Semi-Closed Cycle (SCC), in a manner which both captures carbon in the form of carbon dioxide, CO2, and in a manner which improves the efficiency and cost effectiveness of prior disclosures. The captured carbon is of a purity and pressure directly suitable for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR), sequestration, or industrial use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2022
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2023
    Assignee: Enhanced Energy Group LLC.
    Inventor: Paul M. Dunn
  • Patent number: 11767810
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide a trigeneration system using dimethyl ether (DME), wherein the system produces electricity, controls heating and cooling, and supplies carbon dioxide as a fertilizer by driving a DME engine by using, as a raw material, DME which is clean fuel. A trigeneration system using DME according to the present invention may comprise: a DME tank in which DME fuel is stored; a DME engine driven by means of the DME fuel as a raw material; a DME fuel supply unit for supplying the DME fuel stored in the DME tank to the DME engine; a treatment unit connected to an exhaust line for discharging exhaust gas from the DME engine, so as to treat harmful components of the exhaust gas; a power generation unit for producing electricity by means of a driving force of the DME engine; and a cooling and heating unit for supplying or collecting heat by means of the driving force of the DME engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2023
    Assignee: BIO FRIENDS INC.
    Inventors: Wonjun Cho, Hyejin Yu, Youngsoo Lee, Jeseol Lee, Wonjae Cho, Myungkyu Jin, Junwoo Lee
  • Patent number: 11598285
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for cooling a surface on a flight vehicle and generating power include advancing the vehicle at a speed of at least Mach 3 to aerodynamically heat the surface. A first working fluid circulates through a first fluid loop that heats the first working fluid through a first heat intake thermally coupled to the surface and expands the first working fluid in a first thermal engine to generate a first work output. A second fluid loop has a second working fluid that receives heat from the first working fluid and a second thermal engine to generate a second work output. The first and second work outputs are operably coupled to first and second generators, respectively, to power primary or auxiliary systems on the flight vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2021
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2023
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Michael F. Stoia, Garrett W. Ek, Arun Muley, Jacob T. Needels, Kevin G. Bowcutt
  • Patent number: 11591213
    Abstract: The present subject matter is directed to a system and method for producing carbon and syngas from carbon dioxide (CO2). The system includes a first reactor (7) for producing solid carbon (15) from a feed including CO2 and a volatile organic compound such as methane (1), and a second reactor (20) for producing syngas. Reactions in the first reactor (7) are conducted in a limited oxygen atmosphere. The second reactor (20) can use dry reforming, steam reforming, and/or partial oxidation reforming to produce the syngas (22).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2023
    Assignee: QATAR FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
    Inventors: Nimir O. Elbashir, Mohamedsufiyan A. Challiwala, Debalina Sengupta, Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
  • Patent number: 11400413
    Abstract: A process for purifying a feed gas stream containing at least 90% of CO2, at least 20% RH and at least one impurity chosen from chlorinated, sulfur-bearing, nitrated or fluorinated compounds is provided. The process includes a) subjecting the feed gas stream to catalytic oxidation producing a stream containing at least one of HCl, NOx, SOx or hydrofluoric acid; b) maintaining the temperature of the gas stream above the highest value between the dew points of water and the acid(s) contained in the gas; c) removing at least a part of the acid impurities by bringing the gas stream into contact with a corrosion-resistant heat exchanger to condense the acid compounds while regulating the temperature of the gas stream exiting below the dew point of water; and d) separating the acid condensates with a corrosion-resistant separator in such a way as to produce a CO2-enriched gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2022
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide, Société Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procédés Georges Claude
    Inventors: Guillaume Rodrigues, Philippe Arpentinier, Aurélien Franco, Rémi Jabes, François Lagoutte, Laurent Perru, Etienne Werlen
  • Patent number: 11384623
    Abstract: A method of extracting natural gas from an underground storage formation and has the steps of: (a) recovering natural gas stored in a first underground formation at a first pressure to the ground surface and forming a first natural gas flow; (b) separating liquid from the first natural gas flow and forming second natural gas flow; (c) heating said second natural gas flow to form a heated, third natural gas flow having a sufficient temperature to prevent hydrate formation when the third gas flow is expanded to a second pressure that is lower than the first pressure; and (d) expanding the third natural gas flow across an expansion turbine to generate electricity and form a fourth natural gas flow having the second pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2022
    Inventor: Dustin Clark
  • Patent number: 11352950
    Abstract: An energy storage-combined cooling, heating and power (S-CCHP) system for a building receives energy from a source, for example an intermittent source, and stores the energy in first and second high temperature energy storage (HTES) units. A Brayton cycle using the first HTES unit produces hot and pressurized air that is further heated in the second HTES unit. The heated air drives a turbine to generate electricity for the building. A portion of the compressed air from the Brayton cycle is diverted to a hot water heat exchanger, then to another turbine to produce electricity to the building. The hot water heat exchanger heats water for the building and the other turbine exhaust cools water for building cooling. Heat exchangers are strategically placed to optimize the thermal efficiency of the cycle. In some embodiments the heat transfer fluid is humidified to improve thermal energy transfer properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2022
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Sammy Houssainy, Mohammad Janbozorgi, Walid Ismail, Hossein Pirouz Kavehpour
  • Patent number: 11287182
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for power generation during regasification, having a tank for a cryogenic fluid, a first pump connected to the tank via a first line, a first heat exchanger connected to the first pump via a second line, and a second heat exchanger connected downstream of the first heat exchanger, and a first turbine connected immediately downstream of the second heat exchanger, wherein a third line branches off from the first turbine and opens into the first heat exchanger, and a fourth line branches off from this first heat exchanger and opens into the second line, wherein a second pump is connected into the fourth line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2022
    Assignee: Siemens Energy Global GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Sebastian Haas
  • Patent number: 11203951
    Abstract: An air energy power machine comprises an air compressor (1). An air inlet end of the air compressor is connected with an air storage tank (2) through a pipeline; an air outlet end of the air compressor is connected with a first heat exchanger (3) through a pipeline; a second heat exchanger (4) is connected to the right side of the first heat exchanger through a pipeline; the second heat exchanger is connected with the air storage tank to form a closed loop; a first liquid pump (5) connected with the first heat exchanger through a pipeline is arranged below the first heat exchanger; a first liquid collection tank (6) is connected to the first liquid pump; a first steam turbine (7) is arranged above the first heat exchanger; a steam inlet of the first steam turbine is connected with the first heat exchanger through a pipeline.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2020
    Date of Patent: December 21, 2021
    Inventor: Lin Zhu
  • Patent number: 11187211
    Abstract: Disclosed is an energy supply system using hot waste water that controls a supply of energy required according to a situation of agricultural facilities. The energy supply system includes a hot waste water pipe connecting a power plant and at least one facility so as to supply thermal energy to the at least one facility through hot waste water discharged from the power plant; a ground heat exchanger buried under a ground and connected to the at least one facility so as to supply geothermal energy to the at least one facility; at least one solar cell module disposed in the at least one facility and supplying electric energy to the at least one facility; and a server configured to individually control the thermal energy, the geothermal energy and the electrical energy supplied to the at least one facility according to an environmental state of the at least one facility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2021
    Assignee: INTERTECH Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jong Woo Kim, Yeon Ju Lim, Dae Young Kim
  • Patent number: 11107593
    Abstract: A depressurization and cooling system for steam and/or condensable gases located in a containment. The system contains a steam condenser having an upstream port connected to the containment through an exhaust line and a downstream port connected to the containment through a backfeed line. The backfeed line contains a backfeed compressor. A re-cooling system for re-cooling the steam condenser is provided. The depressurization and cooling system is effective for re-cooling of the steam condenser. Accordingly, this is achieved as the re-cooling system is self-sustainable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: Framatome GmbH
    Inventor: Axel Hill
  • Patent number: 11041476
    Abstract: An electric power information acquisition unit is provided for acquiring power supply-and-demand information including electric power acceptable to an electric power system or information correlated with the electric power. A fluid information acquisition unit is provided for acquiring fluid information including information correlated with a physical quantity of a fluid flowing out of a channel. A controller is provided for controlling at least one of the physical quantity, the channel or electric power generated or electric power to be generated by a generator by using the fluid information so that the physical quantity becomes equal to a desired value, while controlling electric power to be supplied to the electric power system to the electric power acceptable to the electric power system or less, by using the power supply-and-demand information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2021
    Assignee: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Takahiro Abe, Atsushi Suhara, Takahiro Yokoyama
  • Patent number: 11008910
    Abstract: The exhaust gas post-processing device includes: an exhaust gas post-processing unit into which an exhaust gas is introduced; a drain pipe connected to a lower portion of the exhaust gas post-processing unit; and a junction member. The junction member includes an introduction flow path, one end of which is an introduction port connected to the drain pipe, the introduction flow path extending in a horizontal direction from the introduction port, and the other end of the introduction flow path being an introduction-side gas vent hole opened to an outside. A discharge flow path is connected to a lower portion of the introduction flow path, that extends, in the horizontal direction, in a direction intersecting the introduction flow path, and an end portion of the discharge flow path being a discharge port opened to the outside. The exhaust gas post-processing device further includes a drainage pipe connected to the discharge port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2021
    Assignee: Komatsu Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Kamoshida, Tomohiro Horiuchi
  • Patent number: 11008938
    Abstract: A low emission, high efficiency Gas Turbine engine operating on a combination of Natural Gas and Bio Gas as fuel, driving either a high efficiency turbo-blower or a high efficiency Turbo Pump system combined with heat recovery systems and in other embodiments is provided a generator of electricity or providing evaporate cooling from using the remaining waste heat in the exhaust gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2021
    Assignee: APGN INC.
    Inventor: Omar Hammoud
  • Patent number: 10971971
    Abstract: A system for converting potential energy into electric power from a mixture of gases, such as atmospheric air, including a particular lesser-density-gas, such as nitrogen, and a particular larger-density-gas, such as oxygen. The system includes a gas-separator at an upper-elevation; a gas-flow-conduit that has a gas-exit-port at a lesser-elevation, where the lesser-elevation is significantly lower than the upper-elevation; and an energy-converter positioned on the gas-flow-conduit. The gas-separator is coupled to the gas-exit-port via the gas-flow-conduit. The gas-separator separates the particular larger-density-gas from the gas mixture. The gas-flow-conduit conducts the separated particular larger-density-gas from the gas-separator via the gas-flow-conduit to the energy-converter; and the energy-converter generates electric power from the conducted separated particular larger-density-gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Inventors: Jens Ole Sorensen, Jens Erik Sorensen
  • Patent number: 10968826
    Abstract: A combined power generation system performing pressure difference power generation includes a pressure difference power generation facility generating electricity by using a pressure change of natural gas; a gas turbine power generation facility including a compressor, a combustor, a turbine, and a generator; and a heating unit to heat the natural gas discharged from the pressure difference power generation facility. A first bypass channel enables the natural gas to bypass the pressure difference power generation facility, and a second bypass channel enables the natural gas to bypass the heating unit. The heated natural gas is heated to a high temperature and then introduced into the combustor of the gas turbine power generation facility. Since the natural gas to be used in the gas turbine power generation facility is preliminarily heated while passing through the preceding power generation facility, the generation efficiency of the gas turbine power generation efficiency is improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Assignee: Doosan Heavy Industries Construction Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Sanghyeun Kim, Hwachang Sung, Songhun Cha
  • Patent number: 10907656
    Abstract: A blower/fan for the purpose of greatly reducing noise levels and extending longevity over conventional blade-based blower/fans (e.g., 50 decibel leaf-blower), due to having a totally novel absence of moving parts, such as motor and blades, which create most of the noise and wear out faster. The air motivating force comes from an electrohydrodynamic ionic wind created by a very strong electric field crossing two uniquely configured electrodes. This wind is then further amplified by inducing outside air to be added to this wind by means of a Coand? surface at the entrance to the wind tunnel and which then feeds over a slit. A diffuser section follows causing the wind pressure to build for improving the exiting air characteristics. The novel diffuser and Coand? surfaces will have reduced drag and noise due to both a low friction surface coating and a dimpled surface like a golf ball so as to further reduce drag.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Inventor: Richard Down Newberry
  • Patent number: 10907640
    Abstract: A low emission, high efficiency Gas Turbine engine operating on a combination of Natural Gas and Bio Gas as fuel, driving either a high efficiency turbo-blower or a high efficiency Turbo Pump system combined with heat recovery systems and in other embodiments is provided a generator of electricity or providing evaporative cooling from using the remaining waste heat in the exhaust gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Assignee: APGN INC.
    Inventor: Omar Hammoud
  • Patent number: 10787964
    Abstract: An energy storage and release apparatus and a method for energy storage and release are disclosed. The energy storage and release apparatus includes a first compression unit, a first heat exchange unit, a gas storage unit, and a turbine unit. The first heat exchange unit is directly or indirectly connected between the gas storage unit and the first compression unit. A first gas enters the first compression unit via a first inlet; sequentially passes through the first compression unit, the first heat exchange unit, the gas storage unit, and the turbine unit; and then is discharged. A first temperature of the first gas before entering the first heat exchange unit is higher than a second temperature of the first gas after passing through the first heat exchange unit, and a first heat energy is provided by a temperature difference between the first temperature and the second temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Inventor: Chung-Yu Lee
  • Patent number: 10737304
    Abstract: A system for thermally servicing a solvent-refining column includes: a first solvent-refining column, a closed-loop water-steam system; a first heat-exchanger thermally coupling the closed-loop water-steam system to the top of the first solvent-refining column, a second heat-exchanger thermally coupling the closed-loop water-steam system to a bottom of the first solvent-refining column, and a compressor positioned between the first heat-exchanger and the second heat-exchanger. The first heat-exchanger boils pressurized water to steam by transferring first heat from the top of the first solvent-refining column to the closed-loop water- steam system. The compressor compresses the steam in the closed-loop water-steam system to a higher temperature. The second heat-exchanger provides second heat to the first solvent-refining column by condensing the steam at the bottom of the first solvent-refining column after compression by the compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: Tesla, Inc.
    Inventor: Ryan Melsert
  • Patent number: 10675915
    Abstract: A rubber composition contains a diene rubber containing a styrene-butadiene copolymer component formed from at least one type of styrene-butadiene copolymer and a reinforcing filler; the styrene-butadiene copolymer satisfying: a bonded styrene content being from 5 to 50 wt. %; a total of styrene content of an ozone-decomposed component S1 having one styrene-derived unit and styrene content of an ozone-decomposed component S1V1 having one styrene-derived unit and one 1,2-bonded butadiene-derived unit being less than 80 wt. % of the bonded styrene content and a total of styrene content of the ozone-decomposed component S1V1 being 10 wt. % or greater of the bonded styrene content; an integrated intensity of an ozone-decomposed component S1V2 having one styrene-derived unit and two 1,2-bonded butadiene-derived units being 15% or greater of an integrated intensity of all ozone-decomposed components containing a styrene-derived unit; and a vinyl content of butadiene moiety being 50% or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., LTD.
    Inventors: Yuko Sekine, Makoto Ashiura, Ryosuke Sakai, Fumito Yatsuyanagi
  • Patent number: 10605124
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a hybrid power generating system comprising a power generating system using supercritical CO2 configured to use the supercritical CO2 as a working fluid and a liquefied natural gas (LNG) treatment system configured to vaporize LNG, where the working fluid is cooled in at least one of the power generating system using supercritical CO2 and the LNG treatment system and is re-circulated to the power generating system using supercritical CO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: Doosan Heavy Industries Construction Co., Ltd
    Inventor: Song Hun Cha
  • Patent number: 10557380
    Abstract: A system for recycling heat or energy of a working medium of a heat engine for producing mechanical work is described. The system may comprise a first heat exchanger (204) for transferring heat from a working medium output from an energy extraction device (202) to a heating agent to vaporise the heating agent; a second heat exchanger (240) for transferring further heat to the vaporised heating agent; a compressor (231) coupled to the second heat exchanger (240) arranged to compress the further-heated heating agent; and a third heat exchanger (211) for transferring heat from the compressed heating agent to the working medium. A heat pump is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Inventor: Naji Amin Atalla
  • Patent number: 10508596
    Abstract: A liquid air energy storage system, the system comprising: a liquid air storage means; an input of a first pump in fluid communication with the liquid air storage means; a first heat exchanger in fluid communication with an output of the first pump; a second heat exchanger in fluid communication first heat exchanger and configured to receive the fluid stream from the first pump and the first heat exchanger; a first expander turbine generator in fluid communication with the second heat exchanger; the first heat exchanger in fluid communication with the first expander turbine generator; a third heat exchanger in fluid communication with the first heat exchanger and configured to receive the fluid stream from the first expander turbine generator and the first heat exchanger; a second expander turbine generator in fluid communication with the third heat exchanger; the first heat exchanger in fluid communication with the second expander turbine generator; the fluid stream from second expander turbine generator and
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Inventors: John D. Upperman, Ralph Greenberg
  • Patent number: 10424416
    Abstract: According to an aspect, a vapor powered apparatus for generating electric power includes a liquid chamber that contains a working fluid and a first heat exchanger that transfers heat from fluid coming from a heat source to working fluid coming from the liquid chamber, where the transferred heat vaporizes at least a portion of the working fluid to provide a working pressure of the vaporized working fluid. The apparatus includes a pressure motor to convert the working pressure of the vaporized working fluid into mechanical motion for a power generator. The apparatus includes a vapor chamber to capture the vaporized working fluid and a second heat exchanger to use working fluid from the liquid chamber to condense the captured vaporized working fluid. An exchanger fluid system provides the working fluid to the second heat exchanger from a bottom portion of a pool of working liquid in the liquid chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Inventor: George Erik McMillan
  • Patent number: 10072530
    Abstract: A hybrid power generation system using solar energy and bioenergy, including a solar thermal boiler system, a biomass boiler system, and a turbogenerator system. The solar thermal boiler system includes a trough solar collector, a heat collector, an oil circulating pump, a storage tank for storing heat transfer oil, a solar thermal heater, a solar thermal evaporator, a main pipe transporting saturated steam, and an auxiliary boiler. Heat transfer oil output from a solar light field of the solar thermal boiler system is transmitted through and transfers heat to the solar thermal evaporator and the solar thermal heater, and the heat transfer oil returns to the storage tank for storing heat transfer oil. The heat transfer oil in the storage tank is pumped to the solar light field via the oil circulating pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: WUHAN KAIDI ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yilong Chen, Yanfeng Zhang, Wenyan Liu
  • Patent number: 10053374
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a water desalination and power generation system includes a power generation subsystem, a water desalination subsystem, and an ejector that links the power generation subsystem and the water desalination subsystem, the ejector being adapted to entrain working fluid steam that has exited the water desalination subsystem into working fluid steam that has exited the power generation subsystem to generate mixed steam that drives the water desalination subsystem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: University of South Florida
    Inventors: Chennan Li, D. Yogi Goswami, Elias K. Stefanakos
  • Patent number: 10036589
    Abstract: An apparatus and a method for cooling and compressing a fluid to produce a low-temperature compressed fluid that can efficiently use the cold of LNG and reduce the energy needed, the apparatus using a Rankine cycle system having a first compression device, a first heat exchanger, an expansion device, a second heat exchanger, and a first flow passageway for guiding the heat transfer medium from the second heat exchanger to the first compression device; and at least one second compression device that is coupled to the expansion device, wherein at the second heat exchanger, a low-temperature LNG and the heat transfer medium undergo heat transfer, wherein at the first heat exchanger, a fed material gas and the heat transfer medium undergo heat transfer to produce a low-temperature fluid from the material gas, and the low-temperature fluid is compressed at the second compression device to produce a low-temperature compressed fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour L'Etude Et L'Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Kenji Hirose, Shinji Tomita
  • Patent number: 10018383
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a triple-effect absorption chilling apparatus adopting a structure of an anti-parallel cycle in which an absorber and a first regenerator are connected in series, a second regenerator and a third regenerator are connected in parallel with the first regenerator, and the solution through the second regenerator and the third regenerator is returned to the absorber. Therefore, according to the present invention, it is possible to improve efficiency by acquiring a higher coefficient of performance than conventional absorption refrigerators, and to reduce energy consumption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Inventors: Hyo Sang Kim, Si Young Jeong, Sung Min Woo, Su Yong Lee
  • Patent number: 9777961
    Abstract: A method and a plant for producing liquid CO2 from flue gas as described with reduced energy consumption and a stable behavior.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Technology GmbH
    Inventor: Olaf Stallmann
  • Patent number: 9726327
    Abstract: The present invention relates to liquefied gas treatment system and method, and the liquefied gas treatment system includes: a liquefied gas supply line connected from a liquefied gas storing tank to a source of demand; a heat exchanger provided on the liquefied gas supply line between the source of demand and the liquefied gas storing tank, and configured to heat exchange liquefied gas supplied from the liquefied gas storing tank with heat transfer media; a media heater configured to heat the heat transfer media; a media circulation line connected from the media heater to the heat exchanger; a media state detecting sensor provided on the media circulation line, and configured to measure a state of the heat transfer media; and a controller configured to set a coagulation prevention reference value for preventing the heat transfer media from being coagulated, and change a flow rate of the heat transfer media flowing into the media heater or calories supplied to the heat transfer media by the media heater on th
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Hyundai Heavy Industries Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ki Hong Kim, Min Ho Kang
  • Patent number: 9657987
    Abstract: An apparatus for compressing air and producing a carbon dioxide-rich fluid includes an air compressor, an element for bringing the air bound for the air compressor into contact with water to produce humidified air and cooled water, a pipe for sending the humidified compressed air from the air compressor to an installation producing a carbon dioxide-rich gas, a carbon dioxide-rich gas compressor for compressing the carbon dioxide-rich gas, at least one heat exchanger upstream and/or downstream the carbon dioxide-rich gas compressor and pipes for conveying into the heat exchanger water cooled in the contact element and the carbon dioxide-rich gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Société Anonyme Pour L'Étude Et L'Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Benoit Davidian, Jean-Pierre Tranier
  • Patent number: 9631520
    Abstract: Provided is a steam turbine system including: at least one high pressure turbine, and/or at least one intermediate pressure turbine, and at least one first low pressure turbine, mounted on a first rotary shaft that is coupled to drive at least one first electrical generator; and at least one further low pressure turbine, mounted on a further rotary shaft that is coupled to drive at least one further electrical generator; and the turbine system further including a steam supply system to supply low pressure steam to the low pressure turbines provided with a steam outlet to enable extraction of auxiliary process steam from a location in the steam supply system upstream of the further low pressure turbine but not upstream of the first low pressure turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: DOOSAN BABCOCK LIMITED
    Inventor: Pramurtta Shourjya Majumdar
  • Patent number: 9567974
    Abstract: Control device for hydraulic turbines configured to adjust the resistant torque provided by the generator to the movement of the impeller of an hydraulic turbine so that a stable pressure is set at the inlet (Pi) and at the outlet (Po) regardless of the circulating flow rate (Q), and to adjust the electrical energy produced by the turbine to achieve the desired hydraulic behavior, the device comprising a controller and a power device; wherein said controller is connected to a pressure detector at the inlet (Pi) and at the outlet (Po) and to a flow-meter for obtaining the circulating flow rate (Q), as well as to a power sensor for measuring the power of the turbine; all this, in such a way that the controller acts on the power device for causing the application of the braking torque necessary to maintain a stable set-point value on the turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: TECNOTURBINES, S.L.
    Inventors: Vicente Ruiz Gomis, Joaquin Orts Paredes, Jaime Lledo Lara, Jose Carlos Orts Paredes
  • Patent number: 9500158
    Abstract: A thermal engine includes a cylinder and piston and an insulated thermal battery including at least a thermal mass such as the engine block itself for storing and retaining heat to enhance or cause fluid expansion within the cylinder and drive the piston, the thermal battery optionally including an electrolyte chamber containing a thermal electrolyte for functioning as an electric thermal battery. Heat is stored in the thermal battery such as by activating electric resistance heating elements in the thermal mass. The stored heat either causes expansion of a non-combustible expansion fluid such as water or enhances the expansion of a combustible expansion fluid such as gasoline. Where the thermal battery is an electric thermal battery containing an electrolyte, the storage of heat also stores electricity which can be used to power an electric motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Inventor: Michael Anthony
  • Patent number: 9488367
    Abstract: A specific electrical generator powered by an external combustion steam engine that functions through the initial combustion of various potential fuel sources to consequently generate steam from an internal working fluid that drives an electric motor or alternator to generate electricity is provided. The steam is then condensed to return to its liquid form in order to again be heated into steam through further combustion. The all-in-one electric generator combusts the fuel provided within the generator and incinerates such fuel in a manner and in an environment to effectively eliminate the potential for appreciable resultant levels of nitrogen and/or sulfur oxides. The combustion fuel may be any type of material, such as used vehicle or equipment oil, waste vegetable or cooking oil, diesel, gasoline, syngases, natural gases, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: Phoenix Power Group, LLC
    Inventor: Thomas V. Thillen
  • Patent number: 9469820
    Abstract: A method for recycling carbon dioxide from biomass gasification. The method includes: 1) employing carbon dioxide as a gasifying agent, allowing the carbon dioxide to gasify biomass to yield syngas; 2) cooling the syngas; 3) introduced cooled syngas to a cyclone separator and a gas scrubber for dust removal and purification; 4) allowing purified syngas in 3) to react with the vapor to modify a ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide of the syngas; 5) desulfurizing modified syngas to remove H2S and COS therein; 6) decarburizing desulfurized syngas to separate carbon dioxide therein; 7) introducing desulfurized and decarburized syngas to a synthesizing tower to yield oil products and exhaust gas including carbon dioxide; 8) decarburizing the exhaust gas including carbon dioxide and separating the carbon dioxide; and 9) introducing the carbon dioxide separated in 6) and 8) to 1) as the gasifying agent for gasification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: WUHAN KAIDI ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yanfeng Zhang, Liang Zhang, Minggui Xia, Wenyan Liu
  • Patent number: 9410736
    Abstract: The systems and methods integrate energy storage with cryogenic carbon capture, providing effective grid management and energy-efficient carbon capture capabilities to power plants. The systems store energy during off-peak demand by using off-peak energy to compress natural gas to form liquefied natural gas (LNG) and storing the LNG for use as a refrigerant. The systems use the stored LNG as a refrigerant in a cryogenic carbon capture (CCC) process to isolate carbon dioxide from light gases in a flue gas. The systems supply energy during peak demand by burning the natural gas warmed by the CCC process to generate power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignee: SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SOLUTIONS, LLC
    Inventor: Larry L. Baxter
  • Patent number: 9233336
    Abstract: A carbon dioxide recovery system includes a high-pressure 11, a boiler 15, a carbon dioxide recovery unit 24 that includes a carbon dioxide absorber 21 that absorbs and reduces carbon dioxide in flue gas G emitted from the boiler 15 using a carbon dioxide absorbent and an absorbent regenerator 23 that regenerates a carbon dioxide absorbent having absorbed the carbon dioxide using a regenerating superheater 22 to obtain a regenerated carbon dioxide absorbent, a high-temperature and high-pressure steam extraction line L11 that extracts the high-temperature and high-pressure steam 14 from the boiler 15 before the steam is introduced into the high-pressure turbine 11, an auxiliary turbine 32 that recovers power with the high-temperature and high-pressure steam 14, and a steam supply line L12 that supplies emission steam 33 emitted from the auxiliary turbine 32 to the regenerating superheater 22 to be used as a heat source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Masaki Iijima
  • Patent number: 9187369
    Abstract: A process and an installation for production of clinker and electricity, and a process for modifying a production installation of clinker are presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: LAFARGE
    Inventors: Michel Gimenez, Franck Leroy
  • Patent number: 9151184
    Abstract: A heat exchanger includes an enclosure having a separator disposed therein that divides the heat exchanger into a mixing area and a heat exchange area. The mixing area is configured to receive a hot fume and droplets of a liquid for mixing with each other to form a fume-droplet vapor mixture. The mixture is configured to flow through orifices of the separator into the heat exchange area. A plurality of magazines is disposed within the heat exchange area of the first enclosure. Each magazine defines a cavity. The cavities are disposed in communication with one another. A lower-most magazine is configured to receive a receiver medium that is pumped through the cavity of each successive magazine to an upper-most magazine. The mixture is configured to circulate about the magazines to incrementally heat the receiver medium as the receiver medium is pumped through the cavity of each successive magazine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Inventor: Mosi Chu
  • Patent number: 9057288
    Abstract: A combined cycle power plant system and methods of operation so as to minimize consumption of cooling water utilizes exhaust from a combustion turbine to generate steam for power generation in a steam turbine topping cycle. The exhaust steam from the steam turbine topping cycle is utilized to vaporize an organic working fluid in an organic working fluid bottoming cycle, where vaporized organic working fluid expanded across a turbine generates additional power. Exhaust gas from the organic working fluid bottoming cycle is condensed utilizing an air-cooled heat exchanger. Heat exchange bundles of the air-cooled heat exchanger are preferably arranged horizontally relative to the ground to maximize efficiency. Turbine inlet cooling is employed at the combustion turbine to recapture energy lost in the system. A thermal energy storage tank may be utilized in conjunction with the turbine inlet cooling to supply chilling water to the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: TAS Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas L. Pierson, Herman Leibowitz
  • Patent number: 9046218
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for offloading CNG from high-pressure storage vessels (22) are provided. The methods and apparatus are operable to warm the offloaded CNG either before or after a letdown in pressure to ensure that the delivered product is gaseous and that delivery of condensed products to downstream equipment is avoided. Particularly, a heating assembly (32) configured to warm a stream offloaded from a vessel (22) and flowing through a coil-shaped conduit (84) by infrared energy emitted by one or more heating elements (70) is provided upstream or downstream of a pressure reduction device (50).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Inventors: Virgil Macaluso, Corey Lowdon
  • Patent number: 8999146
    Abstract: Hydrocarbon feed to a catalytic reactor can be heat exchanged with flue gas from a catalyst regenerator. This innovation enables recovery of more energy from flue gas thus resulting in a lower flue gas discharge temperature. As a result, other hot hydrocarbon streams conventionally used to preheat hydrocarbon feed can now be used to generate more high pressure steam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Yunbo Liu, Xin X. Zhu, Daniel N. Myers, Patrick D. Walker