Sterioscopic Patents (Class 600/111)
  • Patent number: 10966592
    Abstract: A three-dimensional endoscope comprises a video signal input portion to which a first video signal is obtained by a first imaging system and a second video signal is obtained by a second imaging system are inputted. A video signal identification portion that identifies a two-dimensional video signal and a three-dimensional video signal are obtained from the video signal input portion. An image condition detection portion that when the video signal identification portion has detected the two-dimensional video signal, analyzes a display area of a two-dimensional image to detect a foggy region. An image combining portion that, when the image condition detection portion has detected a foggy region in a video of at least one of the first imaging system and the second imaging system, combines both of the first video signal and the second video signal to generate a composite image in which fogginess of the foggy region being eliminated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Takayuki Ida
  • Patent number: 10957061
    Abstract: A method for three-dimensional reconstruction of a surface of interest using a plenoptic camera includes: determining the three-dimensional coordinates of a series of sampling points of the object field of the camera; determining calibration data, associating at least two pixels of the optical sensor matrix with each sampling point; defining a reconstruction grid having each point associated with at least one sampling point; acquiring an image of the surface of interest using the camera; from the calibration data and the image, calculating, for each point of the reconstruction grid, the dissimilarity index value as a function of one or more dispersions, each representing a distancing between the intensity values taken, on the image, by the pixels associated with one of the corresponding sampling points; determining a three-dimensional distribution of the points of the reconstruction grid, each assigned with its dissimilarity index value; and three-dimensional reconstruction of the surface of interest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: SAFRAN
    Inventor: Yann Le Guilloux
  • Patent number: 10827912
    Abstract: A stereoscopic endoscope system includes: a first objective optical system, a second objective optical system, an image sensor which has a first image pickup range corresponding to a range of a field of view of the first objective optical system and a second image pickup range corresponding to a range of a field of view of the second objective optical system; and a monitor, wherein the stereoscopic endoscope system satisfies the condition (1) and condition (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Sayaka Nishimura
  • Patent number: 10806533
    Abstract: A system comprises a teleoperational assembly including an operator control system and a first teleoperational manipulator configured for operation by an operator control device of the operator control system. The first teleoperational manipulator is configured to control the operation of a first medical instrument in a surgical environment. The system also comprises a processing unit including one or more processors. The processing unit is configured to display an image of a field of view of the surgical environment and display a menu proximate to an image of the first medical instrument in the image of the field of view. The menu includes at least one icon representing a function for the first medical instrument.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Tabish Mustufa, Heath Feather, Daniel H. Gomez, Brian D. Hoffman, Paul W. Mohr, Huan L. Phan
  • Patent number: 10810460
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to computer-implemented systems and methods for training and using generative adversarial networks. In one implementation, a system for training a generative adversarial network may include at least one processor that may provide a first plurality of images including representations of a feature-of-interest and indicators of locations of the feature-of-interest and use the first plurality and indicators to train an object detection network. Further, the processor(s) may provide a second plurality of images including representations of the feature-of-interest, and apply the trained object detection network to the second plurality to produce a plurality of detections of the feature-of-interest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: Cosmo Artificial Intelligence—AI Limited
    Inventors: Nhan Ngo Dinh, Giulio Evangelisti, Flavio Navari
  • Patent number: 10750937
    Abstract: A stereoscopic endoscope apparatus includes: an insertion portion; a variable focus objective optical system; a fixed focus objective optical system; an image pickup section; an image signal generation output section that outputs an image signal for two-dimensional display when a focal length of the variable focus objective optical system and a focal length of the fixed focus objective optical system are different from each other, and outputs an image signal for stereoscopic observation when the focal length of the variable focus objective optical system and the focal length of the fixed focus objective optical system are coincident with each other in the near point observation state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Kazuhiko Hino
  • Patent number: 10687909
    Abstract: A system for tracking a device image includes an intraoperative imaging system (110) having a probe (146) configured to generate an image for a region. A shape sensing enabled instrument (102) is configured to have a portion of the shape sensing enabled instrument positionable relative to the region. The shape sensing enabled instrument has a coordinate system registered with a coordinate system of the intraoperative imaging system. A robot is configured to coordinate movement between the probe and the shape sensing enabled instrument such that movement of the shape sensing enabled instrument relative to the region causes the probe to be moved to maintain the shape sensing enabled instrument within the image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.
    Inventors: David Paul Noonan, Molly Lara Flexman, Aleksandra Popovic
  • Patent number: 10679743
    Abstract: Embodiments described herein provide various examples of automatically processing surgical videos to detect surgical tools and tool-related events, and extract surgical-tool usage information. In one aspect, a process for automatically detecting a new surgical tool engagement during a recorded surgical procedure is disclosed. This process can begin by receiving a surgical procedure video and then segmenting the surgical video into sequences of video frames. Next, for each sequence of video frames, the video frames are processed to detect one or more surgical tools and one or more surgical tool engagements associated with the detected surgical tools. If a surgical tool engagement is detected in the sequence of video frames, the process then determines if a detected surgical tool associated with the detected surgical tool engagement is associated with a previously identified surgical tool engagement. If not, the process identifies the detected surgical tool engagement as a new surgical tool engagement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: VERB SURGICAL INC.
    Inventor: Jagadish Venkataraman
  • Patent number: 10660715
    Abstract: Systems and methods for operating a robotic surgical system are provided. The system includes a surgical tool, a manipulator comprising a base supporting links for controlling the tool, a navigation system comprising a tracker coupled to the tool and a localizer to monitor a state of the tracker. A controller acquires raw kinematic measurement data about a state of the tool relative to the base from the manipulator, known relationship data about the state of the tracker relative to the tool, and raw navigation data about the state of the tracker relative to the localizer from the navigation system. The controller combines this data to determine a raw relationship between the base and the localizer. The raw relationship is filtered for controlling the manipulator. The raw relationship or a less filtered version of the raw relationship is utilized to determine whether an error has occurred in the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: MAKO SURGICAL CORP.
    Inventor: Michael Dale Dozeman
  • Patent number: 10645266
    Abstract: A stereo image pickup unit includes: first and second image pickup apparatuses including first and second image pickup devices and first and second mount boards, the image pickup apparatuses being formed in a same shape each other; and a holding frame for holding the first and second image pickup devices, the first and second mount boards including non-mounting surfaces perpendicular to rear surfaces of the first and second image pickup devices and projecting toward an outer side of projection surfaces of the first and second image pickup devices, the holding frame holding the first and second image pickup apparatuses such that the non-mounting surfaces are opposed to each other on a parallax direction inner side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hirokazu Ichihara, Hiroshi Unsai, Toshiyuki Fujii, Mayumi Imai, Teruyuki Nishihara, Jumpei Arai, Masahiro Sato
  • Patent number: 10618168
    Abstract: A robotic system includes a processing system comprising at least one processor. The processor generates a plan to monitor the asset. The plan comprises one or more tasks to be performed by the at least one robot. The processor receives sensor data from at least one sensor indicating one or more characteristics of the asset. The processor adjusts the plan to monitor the asset by adjusting or adding one or more tasks to the plan based on one or both of the quality of the acquired data or a potential defect of the asset. The adjusted plan causes the at least one robot to acquire additional data related to the asset when executed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Eric Michael Gros, Huan Tan, Mauricio Castillo-Effen, Charles Burton Theurer
  • Patent number: 10525245
    Abstract: A tattoo machine camera assembly comprises a camera assembly coupled to a tattoo machine. The tattoo machine camera assembly further comprises a camera mount for coupling the camera assembly to the tattoo machine. The camera mount may be formed separately from the tattoo machine or formed integrally with the tattoo machine. The tattoo machine camera assembly may be formed so that the camera is resistant to vibration created by the operation of the tattoo machine. A method of video recording the tattooing process may also be implemented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Inventor: Lindsay Smith
  • Patent number: 10523911
    Abstract: An image pickup system includes: an image pickup section including a first image pickup device outputting a first image pickup signal, and a second image pickup device outputting a second image pickup signal; a processor that performs signal processing on image pickup signals; and a memory section holding a difference correction parameter, the difference correction parameter indicating difference of image characteristics derived from sensitivity of each image pickup device, in image pickup signals outputted from the first image pickup device and the second image pickup device; and a correction processing section performing correction processing on at least one of the first image pickup signal and the second image pickup signal, based on the difference correction parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yusuke Takenouchi, Koji Kojima
  • Patent number: 10477190
    Abstract: An imaging system includes an imaging scope, a controller, a camera, and a processor. The imaging scope is selectively rotatable about a longitudinal axis relative to a horizon plane. The imaging scope has at least three optical channels, each including a respective objective that captures light. The objectives are positioned such that respective viewing direction axes of the optical channels extend at least substantially parallel to one another. The controller activates a pair of optical channels that is at least as parallel relative to the horizon plane as any other pair of optical channels. The camera generates a first image representative of light captured by a first optical channel of the activated pair of optical channels, and a second image representative of light captured by a second optical channel of the activated pair of optical channels. The processor generates a 3D image using the first and second images.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignees: Karl Storz Imaging, Inc., Karl Storz SE & Co. KG
    Inventors: Andreas Heni, Markus Kupferschmid, Daniel Ulmschneider, Lawrence Natusch, George E. Duckett, III
  • Patent number: 10390688
    Abstract: An image pickup system includes a stereoscopic endoscope including image pickup optical systems having a parallax therebetween and a first image pickup device and a second image pickup device, and a processor including a first photometric measurement section configured to photometrically measure a luminance value of a first image pickup signal related to the first image pickup device, a second photometric measurement section configured to measure a luminance value of a second image pickup signal related to the second image pickup device, and a control section including a threshold value comparison section configured to compare the luminance value with a threshold value. When the luminance value of either one of the first image pickup signal and the second image pickup signal exceeds the threshold value, the image pickup system performs light adjustment control of a light source based on a photometric value of the other image pickup signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masakazu Mizoguchi, Satoshi Tanaka
  • Patent number: 10365554
    Abstract: A stereoscopic endoscope that includes at least one image sensor, one or more processing devices, and a display device. The image sensors sense a pair of stereo images, based on capturing light passing through apertures electronically defined at a first aperture location and a second aperture location, respectively, on a liquid crystal layer within the endoscope. The one or more processing devices determine an orientation of a line connecting the first and second aperture locations relative to a reference orientation, and adjust at least one of the first and second aperture locations, while maintaining a spacing between them, in response to movement of the stereoscopic endoscope. The image data captured through the apertures is used to generate control signals representing one or more views of a surgical scene. The views are then presented on a display device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Ian E. McDowall, Arthur Louis Berman
  • Patent number: 10264236
    Abstract: A camera device includes a camera head that captures an observation image of a target site which is obtained by a surgical microscope, and a camera control unit that processes a signal of the observation video captured by the camera head. The camera head captures right and left observation images having a parallax from the surgical microscope to obtain a high-resolution observation video including right and left parallax videos for one screen, and the camera control unit cuts out the right parallax video and the left parallax video from the observation video including the right and left parallax videos to generate a high-resolution 3D video which is displayed on a monitor in 3D and with which stereoscopic observation can be performed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yuji Kiniwa, Haruo Kogane, Emi Matsumoto, Kenji Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 10245111
    Abstract: An operation support device includes a manipulation input unit and an operating section to which a surgical instrument is attached and which operates the surgical instrument. The surgical instrument includes a treatment section, a flexible insertion section, and a manipulation section which is fixed to the flexible insertion section. The manipulation input unit further includes a detection body which is attached to the manipulation section, and a detecting device which detects the detection body. The detecting device calculates information which is capable of specifying a position and/or an orientation of the detection body. On the basis of the information which is calculated by the detecting device, a control device controls an operation of the surgical instrument by outputting to the operating section an order of moving the surgical instrument as a manipulation order.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shintaro Inoue, Kosuke Kishi
  • Patent number: 10201266
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for capturing an image sequence using a capsule camera are disclosed. According to the present invention, a first energy-based frame time for the special images is determined based on first light energy perceived by the image sensor and a second energy-based frame time for the regular images is determined based on second light energy perceived by the image sensor. The capsule camera captures the image sequence comprising one or more sets of mixed-type images by configuring the capsule camera to cause a mixed-frame distance between the first energy-based frame time for one special image in a target set of mixed-type images and the second energy-based frame time for one regular image in the target set of mixed-type images smaller than an average frame period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Inventors: Kang-Huai Wang, Mark Hadley, Chung-Ta Lee, Chang-Wei Lin
  • Patent number: 10189161
    Abstract: A calibration system able to calibrate mechanical parameters of a wrist part by a simpler manner is provided. The calibration system utilizes a target fastened at a predetermined position with respect to the joint closest to a hand of a robot and an imaging device set around the robot so as to calibrate the parameters of a mechanical model representing the wrist part of the robot. The posture of the target is changed from a predetermined initial position to generate a plurality of preliminary positions. Using these preliminary positions as starting points, the end point position of the robot whereby the target becomes a predetermined positional relationship with respect to the imaging device on the image obtained by capturing an image of the target is calculated. The calibration system uses the calculated end point position as the basis to calibrate the mechanical parameters of the wrist part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: FANUC CORPORATION
    Inventor: Kiyoshi Yoshino
  • Patent number: 9456735
    Abstract: A rear-viewing endoscope includes a rigid section having first and second ends, and a cavity situated between the first and second ends. The rigid section has a longitudinal length and defining a longitudinal axis (LAR). The endoscope further includes a flexible section having proximal and distal ends, where the proximal end is coupled to the second end of the rigid section; and an imaging unit having first and second ends and a cavity situated between the first and second ends, the second end of the imaging unit coupled to the distal end of the flexible section. An objective lens assembly of the endoscope includes a complementary multiband bandpass filter (CMBF) pair situated within the cavity of the imaging unit. The CMBF filter collimated image rays passing therethrough so as to output filtered image rays. A camera or detector receives the filtered image rays and forms corresponding video information for stereoscopic imaging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Inventors: Shahinian Karnig Hrayr, Shearn J. Michael, Manohara Harish, Mondry M. Jack, Korniski J. Ronald
  • Patent number: 9436158
    Abstract: Provided are modular volume holographic imaging system (VHIS) endoscopic systems, comprising: an endoscope attachment module having a microscope objective lens, a single or cascaded compensated relay system configured to preserve an optical wavefront for use with a single or multiplexed volume hologram to select wavefronts originating from different object depths, and a system aperture; and a handle module configured to be reversibly attachable for operative communication with the endoscope attachment module, and having a beam splitter; a relay having adjustable spacing for object space focus compensation, and a single or multiplexed volume hologram suitable in operation to select wavefronts originating from different object depths, and wherein the handle module is further configured for operative communication with an illumination source and imaging optics. Preferably, an illumination module and an imaging module are configured to be in operative, reversibly attachable communication with the handle module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: The Arizona Board of Regents on Behalf of the University of Arizona
    Inventors: Raymond K. Kostuk, Paul J. Gelsinger-Austin, Johnathan W. Brownlee, Jennifer K. Barton, Erich de Leon, Michael Gordon
  • Patent number: 9390488
    Abstract: A guiding method includes obtaining data of a first image, detecting with a computer reference image data corresponding to a reference object in the data of the first image, calculating with the computer a first condition based on an appearance of the reference object in the first image, the first condition indicating an operational condition of an imaging apparatus when first image was captured, and for a second image to be captured, outputting guide information that indicates how to adjust the first condition to match a reference condition, the reference condition corresponds to an appearance of the reference object in a reference image captured under the reference condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Assignee: FUJITSU LIMITED
    Inventors: Ayumi Ueno, Ryouta Komatsu
  • Patent number: 9375235
    Abstract: Embodiments include a method of performing a medical procedure in a patient. The method includes creating an incision in an abdominal wall of the patient, inserting a flexible guide tube into the incision, and advancing a flexible instrument through the guide tube. The method also includes positioning a distal tip of the guide tube adjacent to a gastroesophageal junction and passing the instrument through an esophageal hiatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.
    Inventor: Lee L. Swanstrom
  • Patent number: 9288472
    Abstract: An image processing device comprising: an image acquisition device; a parallax acquisition device; a first data transform device; an operation processing device; and a second data transform device transforming third frequency component data and fourth frequency component data respectively corresponding to the third image and the fourth image calculated by the operation processing device into data on a real space and for respectively selecting pixels at positions corresponding to the target pixels as one pixel of the third image and one pixel of the fourth image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Takashi Aoki, Katsutoshi Izawa
  • Patent number: 9277201
    Abstract: An image processing method according to the present invention acquires a first image and second image that are picked up through a single image-taking optical system, that are images after a pupil division, and that have a parallax to each other, and then performs a filtering process for each pixel of the first and second images, using first and second transform filters that correspond to the parallax for the pixel and that are of first and second transform filter groups to be respectively applied to the first and second images for the transform into third and fourth images in which the parallax amount and blur amount of the first and second images have been altered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Katsutoshi Izawa, Shuji Ono, Junji Hayashi, Tomoyuki Kawai, Takashi Aoki
  • Patent number: 9271633
    Abstract: In one embodiment, an endoscopic camera for a robotic surgical system includes a stereo camera module mounted to a robotic arm of a patient side cart. The optical and electro-optic components of the camera module are hermetically sealed within a first housing. Signals from an electro-optic component travel through traces in a ceramic substrate forming one side of the hermetically sealed first housing. A second housing surrounds the first housing and optical fibers are dispersed between the housings to provide lighting in a body cavity. The camera module may be sterilized by an autoclave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: David D. Scott, David C. Shafer, Dominique Brichard, Peter M. Herzlinger
  • Patent number: 9192286
    Abstract: Apparatus for presenting a stereoscopic image to a viewer, the apparatus including an endoscope; and a stereoscopic video camera optically connected to the endoscope, wherein the stereoscopic video camera includes first and second optical channels for acquiring, respectively, first and second images of a scene from the endoscope; first and second image sensors for acquiring, respectively, the first and second images from the first and second optical channels, the first and second image sensors being positioned along an axis; and parallax adjusting means for adjusting the parallax of a stereoscopic image acquired by the first and second image sensors and presented on a display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: Viking Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Yuri Kazakevich, John E. Kennedy
  • Patent number: 9155592
    Abstract: Robotic and/or measurement devices, systems, and methods for telesurgical and other applications employ input devices operatively coupled to tools so as to allow a system user to manipulate tissues and other structures being measured. The system may make use of three dimensional position information from stereoscopic images. Two or more discrete points can be designated in three dimensions so as to provide a cumulative length along a straight or curving structure, an area measurement, a volume measurement, or the like. The discrete points may be identified by a single surgical tool or by distances separating two or more surgical tools, with the user optionally measuring a structure longer than a field of view of the stereoscopic image capture device by walking a pair of tools “hand-over-hand” along the structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Brandon D. Itkowitz, Tao Zhao, Simon Dimaio, Wenyi Zhao, Christopher J. Hasser, Myriam J. Curet, Catherine J. Mohr, Hubert Stein
  • Patent number: 9039609
    Abstract: Improved optical devices and methods transmit optical images along elongate optical paths with relatively limited cross-sectional dimensions using an improved objective, relay, and ocular systems. At least one intermediate image is formed within an optical component. For example, a first intermediate image is formed within glass of the most proximal objective lens, with the first intermediate image extending axially along a curved image location within the glass. The last intermediate image may similarly be disposed within a distal lens of the ocular system. The ocular system allows independent adjustment of diopters, magnification, X-Y positioning, and rotation orientation of the captured image while introducing minimal aberrations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Mina Farr, Wolfgang Braxmeier
  • Publication number: 20150141755
    Abstract: A surgical retractor includes a plurality of cameras integrated therein. One such retractor includes a tubular retractor and an insert supporting said plurality of cameras can be disposed within a tubular retractor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventor: John Tesar
  • Publication number: 20150112136
    Abstract: A polarization-based colposcopy apparatus includes a polarization exchanging beam splitter pair oriented so that s- and p-polarizations are exchanged. An optical flux from a specimen is directed through the pair, and orthogonal components thereof are alternately or selectively coupled to an array detector. The detected images are processed based on image correlations to reveal specimen structures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: The United States of America, as represented by the Sec. Dept. of Health and Human Services
    Inventors: Amir Gandjbakhche, Victor Chernomordik, Moinuddin Hassan, Alexander Sviridov, Zachary Ulissi, Paul D. Smith, Albert C. Boccara
  • Publication number: 20150105619
    Abstract: Endoscopic devices and methods for imaging and treating organs and tissues are described. The endoscopic devices described herein include flexible endoscopes, rigid endoscopes, and capsule endoscopes. The endoscopic device may comprise one or more cameras and one or more light sources. In some embodiments, the endoscopic device comprises at least one white light camera, at least one blue light camera, at least one white light source, and at least one blue light source. In some embodiments, fluorescent targeting constructs can be injected into the subject and bound to and/or taken up by a tumor or diseased tissue. Diseased tissue can be identified by viewing the fluorescence emanating from the fluorescent targeting constructs by illuminating an in vivo body part of the subject with light having at least one excitation wavelength in the range from 400 nm to about 510 nm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: Oncofluor, Inc.
    Inventor: George A. Luiken
  • Publication number: 20150105618
    Abstract: There is provided herein a camera assembly for use with a medical probe, such as an endoscope, the assembly comprising a main body configured to be mounted on an endoscope tip section, wherein said main body comprises at least one camera and at least one illumination source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Avi Levy, Moshe Levi, Golan Salman, Leonid Krivopisk
  • Patent number: 8992423
    Abstract: An endoscope with a wide angle lens that comprises an optical axis that is angularly offset from a longitudinal axis of the endoscope such that the optical axis resides at an angle greater than zero degrees to the longitudinal axis. The wide angle lens system simultaneously gathers an endoscopic image field, the endoscopic image field at least spanning the longitudinal axis and an angle greater than ninety degrees to the longitudinal axis. The endoscope includes a transmission system with a lens system having f-sin(theta) distortion or substantially f-sin(theta) distortion that distributes the angle of incidence of the light rays gathered from the endoscopic field of view on to the image surface area in order to even out the information density across the surface area of the imager.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Karl Storz Imaging, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric L. Hale, Hans David Hoeg, George E. Duckett, III, Nathan Jon Schara
  • Patent number: 8986196
    Abstract: A surgical instrument extends through a guide tube and exits at an intermediate position of the guide tube. The instrument includes a parallel motion mechanism that changes the position of a distal end of the surgical instrument without changing the orientation of the distal end. An image capture component is at the distal end of the guide tube, and a joint allows the image capture component to move while the intermediate position remains stationary. The configuration allows a cross section of the guide tube to be oblong. In some aspects, a joint for the image capture component is placed between exit ports for surgical instruments, which allows the guide tube cross section to be further reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: David Q. Larkin, Thomas G. Cooper, David C. Shafer, David J. Rosa, Matthew R. Williams, Eugene F. Duval
  • Publication number: 20150080654
    Abstract: An endoscope (1) includes a first beam path (3) formed at least at a distal end (2), and an image recording chip (5), which captures the first beam path (3). The endoscope includes a shutter apparatus (7) having a shutter element (8) composed of a semiconductor material, which is formed in the first beam path (3). The shutter element (8) is arranged adjustably between a position that releases the first beam path (3) and a position that alters a transmission in the first beam path (3), in particular a position that switches off the first beam path (3).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Applicant: SCHÖLLY FIBEROPTIC GMBH
    Inventors: Matthias KÜHN, Maximilian GÖTZ
  • Publication number: 20150073209
    Abstract: Provided is a stereoscopic endoscope device including a single objective lens that collects light from a subject and forms an image of the light; a light splitting section that splits the light collected by the objective lens; image-capturing devices that capture optical images of the subject at imaging positions of the split beams of the light; focal-position adjusting sections that give optical path lengths different from each other to the split beams of the light; a calculation section that calculates an object distance between each point on the subject and the objective lens from 2D images acquired by the image-capturing devices; and a parallax-image generating section that generates a plurality of viewpoint-images of the subject when observed from a plurality of viewpoints, by using the calculated object distance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Hiromu IKEDA
  • Patent number: 8939894
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to calibration target devices, assemblies and methods for use with imaging systems, such as a stereoscopic endoscope. A calibration assembly includes: a target surface extends in three dimensions with calibration markers and a body with an interface that engages an endoscope so the markers are within the field of view. A first calibration marker extends along a first plane of the target surface and a second marker extends along a second plane of the target surface. The planes are different and asymmetric relative to the field of view as seen through the endoscope. Three-dimensional targets, in particular, enable endoscopic calibration using a single image (or pair of images for a stereoscopic endoscope) to reduce the calibration process complexity, calibration time and chance of error as well as allow the efficient calibration of cameras at different focus positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
    Inventors: Tyler J. Morrissette, Tao Zhao, Joseph P. Orban, III, Brian David Hoffman
  • Publication number: 20150018618
    Abstract: To simultaneously observe not only a principal part but also a surrounding wide range, the present invention provides a stereoscopic endoscope system including an endoscope including a plurality of image capturing units which photograph a subject to acquire images at a leading edge of a long narrow insertion unit insertable into the subject, an image processing apparatus that processes the images obtained by the image capturing units in the endoscope 2 to generate a display image, and an image display apparatus that displays the display image generated by the image processing in the image processing apparatus, in which the image processing apparatus generates the display image having a three-dimensional image generated from the plurality of images acquired by the plurality of image capturing units arranged in a central part of the display image and having a two-dimensional image arranged around the outer periphery of the three-dimensional image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Hiromu IKEDA
  • Publication number: 20150018617
    Abstract: A stereoscopic endoscope includes an insertion portion, an objective optical system provided at a distal end portion of the insertion portion, an objective optical system provided at the distal end portion, a first opening portion provided a predetermined distance apart from an optical axis center of the objective optical system and configured to deliver fluid to the objective optical system, and a second opening portion provided a distance equivalent to the predetermined distance apart from an optical axis center of the objective optical system and configured to deliver the fluid in a supply direction same as a supply direction of the first opening portion to the objective optical system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: OLYMPUS MEDICAL SYSTEMS CORP.
    Inventor: Susumu AONO
  • Patent number: 8933995
    Abstract: The quality of a planar image is improved while maintaining the parallax of a stereoscopic image. An image capturing device includes an imaging element that performs photoelectric conversion on respective light fluxes passing through different regions of a single pickup lens. The image capturing device includes a neutral density filter an AE control unit that acquires subject brightness, and a diaphragm control unit that, in a case of the stereoscopic pickup, controls whether or not to reduce the amount of light which reaches the imaging element using the neutral density filter based on the subject brightness, and that, in a case of the plane pickup, causes a diaphragm value of the diaphragm to be greater than a diaphragm value in the case of the stereoscopic pickup while setting the light extinction filter to a non-insertion state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroshi Endo
  • Patent number: 8911357
    Abstract: In the optical structure observation apparatus according to an aspect of the present invention, a middle layer of a measured object having a layer structure at least including a surface layer and the middle layer is extracted and flattened to be a same flat plane, the optical stereoscopic structure image is reconstructed with the flattened middle layer as the reference layer, the three-dimensional converted optical structure image is generated, and at least the three-dimensional converted optical structure image is imaged and displayed on the display device, whereby the structure information with the middle layer in the measured object having the layer structure as a basal plate can be visually determined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Toshihiko Omori
  • Publication number: 20140364693
    Abstract: A stereoscopic endoscope pupil configuration for embedding in a stereoscopic endoscope, the shape of the cross section of the stereoscopic endoscope is a predetermined closed two-dimensional shape, the stereoscopic endoscope pupil configuration including at least two pupils, each of the at least two pupils having a shape covering a different unique portion of the two-dimensional closed shape, and together the at least two pupils substantially fully forming the two-dimensional closed shape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Applicant: VISIONSENSE LTD.
    Inventor: Mark Shechterman
  • Patent number: 8908756
    Abstract: An image transmission apparatus may include a transmission unit that transmits a moving image compressed by lossy compression as first image data to an external apparatus through wireless communication, the transmission unit transmitting image data corresponding to one image in the moving image as second image data, the second image data being image data compressed at a lower compression rate than the lossy compression or not compressed, an instructing unit that outputs a disconnection signal to disconnect the wireless communication in response to an external manipulation, and a control unit that receives the disconnection signal from the instructing unit, the control unit controlling to disconnect the wireless communication in the transmission unit after the transmission of the second image data in the transmission unit has been completed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignees: Olympus Corporation, Olympus Medical Systems Corp.
    Inventors: Shinya Kawasaki, Takemitsu Honda
  • Publication number: 20140357951
    Abstract: A video endoscopic device has a camera head and two parallel optical arrangements, each with optical components, arranged coaxially with one another along a common first optical axis of the optical components of a respective optical arrangement and in the interior of an endoscope shaft. The optical components transmit an optical image from a distal end of the respective optical arrangement to a proximal end of the respective optical arrangement. The camera head contains at least one image sensor comprising a recording plane and at least two projection objectives, each having a second optical axis and arranged to project an image onto the image sensor. The optical arrangements comprise a collimating optical unit for generating an at least approximately parallel beam path at the outlet of the respective optical arrangement. The respective collimating optical unit has a third optical axis arranged coaxially with the optical components of the optical arrangements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: Xion GmbH
    Inventors: Holger Muller, Alexander Kliem
  • Publication number: 20140350338
    Abstract: An endoscope includes an insertion portion to be inserted into a subject to be observed, a first imaging unit and a second imaging unit arranged side by side in a distal end portion of the insertion portion, and a control unit which generates a 3D image from captured images taken by the first imaging unit and the second imaging unit. An optical axis of the first imaging unit can be changed to enable an image capturing area of the first imaging unit to be moved along a direction in which the first imaging unit and the second imaging unit are arranged. The endoscope includes an angle operation unit to change the inclination angle of the optical axis of the first imaging unit and an angle adjustment mechanism which changes the inclination angle of the optical axis of the first imaging unit according to an operation of the angle operation unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Shogo Tanaka, Haruhiko Kohno
  • Publication number: 20140336461
    Abstract: A Surgical Structured Light (SSL) system is disclosed that provides real-time, dynamic 3D visual information of the surgical environment, allowing registration of pre- and intra-operative imaging, online metric measurements of tissue, and improved navigation and safety within the surgical field.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Inventors: Austin Reiter, Peter K. Allen
  • Publication number: 20140336460
    Abstract: Two side-by-side optical paths transmit stereoscopic right side and left side images onto the surface of a single image sensing chip. The single image sensing chip may be placed at various orientations with respect to the lens trains in the optical paths. In some embodiments a single prism is used to turn the light for both the right side and left side images onto the single image sensing chip. In other embodiments one prism is used to turn the light for the right side image and another prism is used to turn the light for the left side image, and the reflective surfaces of the two prisms are substantially coplanar such that the right side and left side images are incident on the single image sensor chip.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: INTUITIVE SURGICAL OPERATIONS, INC.
    Inventors: David Christopher SHAFER, Dennis C. LEINER
  • Publication number: 20140330078
    Abstract: An endoscope to acquire a 3D image and a wide view-angle image and an image processing apparatus using the endoscope includes a front image acquirer to acquire a front image and a lower image acquirer to acquire a lower image in a downward direction of the front image acquirer. The front image acquirer includes a first objective lens and a second objective lens arranged side by side in a horizontal direction. The lower image acquirer includes a third objective lens located below the first objective lens and inclined from the first objective lens and a fourth objective lens located below the second objective lens and inclined from the second objective lens.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2013
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Applicant: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Won Jun HWANG, Kyung Shik Roh, Young Bo Shim, Suk June Yoon