Abstract: Disclosed is a gas lighter easy to use, capable of stably maintaining a diffusion flame allowing a visual confirmation of the combustion condition and criticality, irrespective of use in the place influenced by the wind or the like. Further provided is a gas lighter capable of externally performing a fuel gas flow control with ease to maintain a combustion balance between a premix flame and a diffusion flame. The fuel gas stored within the fuel tank is distributed for ejection to form a premix flame and a diffusion flame burning together with the premix flame. A flame hole for premix flame is juxtaposed with a nozzle hole for fuel gas to generate the diffusion flame. An externally operable fuel gas flow control mechanism is provided in a fuel gas flow passage for producing the diffusion flame. A combustion flame of the gas mixture is produced downstream of a catalytic member.
Abstract: A cabinet for housing electronic equipment connectable to machines or power tools for performing operations, wherein connections are made with cables provided with single or multi contact connector plugs (19) received by single or multi contact jacks (17). The cabinet comprises a central casing (10), a door (13) and a partition wall (15) defining a connector chamber (16) inside the central casing (10) behind the door (13) and housing the jacks (17), such that the connector plugs (19) and jacks (17) are protected from environmental influence such as dust and/or splashing water or other fluids. The cables (18) extend into the casing (10) through openings (20) at the lower edge of the door (13). A lock (31, 32) on the door (13) enables protection against intentional as well as unintentional disconnection of the cables (18).
Abstract: A radio wave signal is transmitted from a radio wave transmitter according to a command from a central control unit, and a supersonic wave is transmitted from a supersonic wave transmitter held by a moving object according to this radio wave signal. A time counter in a supersonic wave detecting device determines the time required from the transmission of the radio wave signal to the detection of the supersonic wave. A coordinate position of the object is calculated on the basis of the thus-obtained time data from a plurality of the supersonic wave detecting devices and positional data of the supersonic wave detecting devices to control the lighting direction of a lighting projector according to a command signal from the central control unit referring to a positional data of the lighting projector.
Abstract: A control circuit is proposed, which can be used for the phase-shift control of an electric motor in an a.c. voltage supply line. The ground connector of the control circuit, together with the cathode of a semiconductor switch (triac), is directly connected with load current circuit. Because of this, it is possible to do without potential-separating means when it is intended to feed signals at the load current circuit directly into the control circuit. An auxiliary voltage source is connected between the synchronization input and the ground connector to maintain the function of the synchronization input.
Abstract: All data are uniformly and automatically processed in a data processing system. An input record is transformed into a record having a uniform format. All file formats are unified. A desired record is read out from a file and transformed into an arbitrary format. Data input processing, a file update processing, and data output processing are designed to process data independently, uniformly, and automatically. A process content to be performed by each of the data input, file update, and data output processings is designated by a simple data item such as a record keyword and a data word.
Abstract: A metal-impregnated refractory product of this invention has high slag attack, gas attack, and spalling resistances and is used in various types of molten metal treatment vessels. A material of refractory particles mainly consisting of MgO or Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 is formed and heated by a suitable method to obtain a porous material body containing at least 4 vol % of open pores. A metal or an alloy mainly consisting of at least one type of a metal selected from the group consisting of iron, chromium, and nickel is impregnated in the porous material body at a ratio of 25 vol % or more of the open pores. The metal is filled in pores present in a region from the surface to at least a predetermined depth. The metal-impregnated refractory product can withstand various high-temperature damages and can be stably used over a long time period.
Abstract: A solid-state imaging device comprises a semiconductor substrate, a plurality of pixels formed on the semiconductor substrate, an output amplifier circuit for converting a pixel signal generated in each of the pixels to an imaging signal, a plurality of horizontal selecting lines connected to the pixels, a plurality of vertical selecting lines connected to the pixels, and a pixel address circuit for addressing the pixels by applying a read-out signal to the horizontal and vertical selecting lines. The output amplifier circuit includes an output amplifier for converting the pixel signals input from the pixels via the vertical selecting lines, to an imaging signal, and a load resistance reducing circuit for reducing a load resistance of the switching portion in the pixels.
Abstract: A warning apparatus for warning of possible rear-end collision of a given vehicle having the warning apparatus with another vehicle preceding the given vehicle includes: a computer; a distance sensor for measuring a vehicle-to-vehicle distance to the another preceding vehicle; and a velocity sensor for measuring the velocity of the given vehicle. The computer computes a relative velocity of the given and the another preceding vehicle from a differential of the vehicle-to-vehicle distance and then computes an anticipated rear-end collision time by dividing of the vehicle-to-vehicle distance by the relative velocity of the given vehicle. The computer corrects the anticipated rear-end collision time in response to an acceleration and the relative velocity. The computer produces a warning of signal and an alarm is provided in response to the corrected anticipated rear-end collision time.
Abstract: A multiplex transmission system includes a plurality of multiplex nodes interconnected by a common multiplex transmission line. Data frames are transmitted among the multiplex nodes through the multiplex transmission line. A data frame transmitted from a sending multiplex node includes a data area which is divided into subdivided areas in accordance with data transmitted therefrom and data transmitted from receiving multiplex nodes which send data in response to a send request, in accordance with the number of data pieces or the number of bits, and the receiving nodes send data to respective subdivided areas in a predetermined order, to thereby carry out a data transmission. Accordingly, the sending multiplex node can simultaneously collect data from the receiving multiplex nodes which are functionally subordinate. When any of the receiving multiplex nodes fails to return an ACK signal, the sending multiplex node retransmits the data frame.
January 18, 1994
Date of Patent:
March 12, 1996
The Furukawa Electric Corp., Mazda Motor Corp.
Yutaka Matsuda, Hiroo Moriue, Kyosuke Hashimoto, Mitsuru Akimoto, Seiji Hirano, Osamu Michihira, Koji Terayama, Hiroaki Sakamoto, Koji Umegaki
Abstract: A fuzzy inference apparatus comprises a rule storing circuit for storing then-part positions respectively corresponding to first if-part membership functions and second if-part membership functions. The first and second if-part membership functions have shapes of triangles each having a base corresponding to positions of vertices of triangles of two adjacent membership functions.
Abstract: An electronic musical instrument comprises a tone generator for generating a plurality of different digital waveform signals corresponding to different timbres, and a device for setting a plurality of ranges defined by two parameters, a first one of the parameters being a pitch parameter and a second one of the parameters being a key touch parameter. The parameters vary according to the musical performance, and a range for the pitch parameter in combination with a range for the key touch parameter respectively designating one of the plurality of different digital waveform signals having different timbres. An input device is provided for inputting the two parameters according to a musical performance.
Abstract: A method of detecting the status of a keyboard switch device judges validity or invalidity of the status of switching elements on the basis of simple conditions. With this method, processing of output data is facilitated. In a step S1, a scanning operation is carried out to detect the status of each switching element. In a step S2, the result of the scanning operation is stored in a memory unit as memorized information. In a step S3, closed element total number N, a closed row total number Nr, and a closed column total number Nc are counted with reference to the memorized information. In a step S4, a judgement is made as regards whether or not a predetermined condition is satisfied by the closed element total number N, the closed row total number Nr, and the closed column total number Nc. When the predetermined condition is satisfied, the memorized information is provided as valid data in a step S5.
Abstract: An electrophotographic copying apparatus including a time counter to count a time during which transfer sheets are left in a stacker; a memory to store an output value of a humidity detector; a calculator to calculate a correction value for each transfer sheet in accordance with the output value of the humidity detector and the time counted by the time counter; and a controller to control a corona discharging output for each transfer sheet in accordance with the correction value.
Abstract: Compounds of formula (I): ##STR1## in which: Q is nitrogen or .dbd.CH--; R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, trifluoromethyl or halogen; and R.sup.3 is a substituted alkyl groups, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof have valuable anti-allergic and anti-asthmatic activities. The compounds are prepared by reacting a corresponding compound where R.sup.3 is replaced by a hydrogen atom with a compound to introduce the group R.sup.3.
Abstract: A carboxyvinyl polymer having Newtonian viscosity, ophthalmic preparations containing the polymer, a process for preparing the polymer, and a vehicle for ophthalmic preparations containing the polymer. By using the polymer in a vehicle, an ophthalmic preparation having a low viscosity and a desirable permeability of a drug can be obtained.
Abstract: A microcomputer (.mu.COM) in a camera causes an EEPROM in a memory unit to store data on each picture taken. The photographic data stored in the EEPROM is read by the .mu.COM and displayed on a display unit. According to the operation of an UP SW or a DOWN SW, the .mu.COM updates the contents stored in the EEPROM now being displayed. The photographic data stored in the EEPROM is written in a first magnetic track on the film by a first magnetic head arranged in a magnetic information control circuit, at the time of the rewinding of the film. In addition, when a film with which photography is already finished is loaded in the camera, the .mu.COM, while advancing the film, causes the first magnetic head to reproduce the data written in the first magnetic track on the film and stores the reproduced data in the EEPROM.
Abstract: A steel cord has a core strand and an outer strand. The core strand includes three wire filaments located in a core portion and each having a same diameter, and nine wires located to enclose the three wires, twisted together with the three wire filaments, and each having a diameter smaller than that of each of the three wires. The outer strand has wires located to enclose the nine wires of the core strand, twisted in a direction reverse to the twisting direction of the core strand, and having a clearance between them.