Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm Jasper W. Dockrey
  • Patent number: 6365227
    Abstract: A corrosion resistant gas cylinder and gas delivery system includes an electroless nickel-phosphorous layer overlying the inner surface of a steel alloy cylinder. The nickel-phosphorous layer has a thickness of at least about 20 micrometers and a porosity of no greater than about 0.1%. The electroless nickel-phosphorous layer has a phosphorous content of at least about 10% by weight and a surface roughness of no greater than about 5 micrometers. Prior to introducing liquefied gas into the gas cylinder, a cleaning process is carried out using a two-step baking process to clean the surface of the nickel-phosphorus layer. The nickel-phosphorous layer substantially reduces the contamination of liquefied corrosive gasses stored in the gas cylinder by metal from the steel wall surface underlying the nickel-phosphorous layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignees: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et, l 'Exploitation des Procedes Claude of France, American Air Liquide Inc.
    Inventors: Alan D. Zdunek, Eugene A. Kernerman, William Korzeniowski
  • Patent number: 6314896
    Abstract: A method for operating a boiler using oxygen-enriched oxidants includes introducing oxygen-enriched air, or oxygen and air, in which the oxygen concentration ranges from about 21% to about 100% by volume. Fuel and oxygen-enriched air are introduced into the combustion space within the steam-generating boiler. The fuel and oxygen-enriched air is combusted to generate thermal energy. At least a portion of the flue gases are collected and at least a portion are recirculated through the boiler. In the steam-generating boiler, the oxygen-enriched oxidant is introduced at one or more locations within the radiation zone and the convection zone of the boiler. Additionally, flue gas is collected and recirculated into one or more locations within the radiation zone and/or the convection zone of the boiler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2001
    Assignees: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude, American Air Liquide
    Inventors: Ovidiu Marin, Oliver Charon
  • Patent number: 6284061
    Abstract: The present invention provides an amorphous alloy containing at least one element of Fe, Co, and Ni as a main component, at least one element of Zr, Nb, Ta, Hf, Mo, Ti and V, and B, wherein the temperature width &Dgr;Tx of a supercooled liquid region expressed by the equation &Dgr;Tx=Tx−Tg (wherein Tx indicates the crystallization temperature, and Tg indicates the glass transition temperature) is 20° C. or more. The amorphous alloy has excellent soft magnetic properties and high hardness, and can suitably be used for a transformer, a magnetic head, a tool, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2001
    Inventors: Akihisa Inoue, Tao Zhang
  • Patent number: 6284285
    Abstract: A method for isolating tissue repair promoting substances from human or animal blood, which method comprises collecting the human or animal blood from a single human or animal individual in a first container of a container system comprising at least first and second interconnected containers; centrifuging the container system containing said blood so as to separate the blood in various fractions including a plasma fraction; transferring at least part of the plasma fraction to said second container of the container system; subjecting the plasma fraction in said second container to a low temperature so as to obtain a precipitate comprising tissue repair promoting substances; concentrating said precipitate in said second container so as to obtain a first fraction comprising a major part of the non-precipitated material, and a second fraction comprising at least the major part of the precipitate and a minor part of the non-precipitated material; and separating said second fraction comprising the tissue repair pro
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2001
    Assignee: E. R. Squibb & Sons, Inc.
    Inventor: Ulla Sivertsen Weis-Fogh
  • Patent number: 6273180
    Abstract: A heat exchanger useful for preheating oxidizing gases in a combustion process includes a shell having an inlet and an outlet for the ingress and egress of a first heat exchange fluid, such as a flue gas or preheated air. A first tube manifold couples an inlet end-cap to the first end of the shell. The inlet end-cap has an inlet for receiving a second heat exchange fluid, such as an oxidizing gas. In one embodiment, a second manifold couples an outlet end-cap to the second end of the shell. The second manifold includes an outlet tube therein extending from the second manifold through an outlet opening in the outlet end-cap. A tube bundle is disposed within the shell for transporting the oxidizing gas through the heat exchanger and is coupled to the first and second tube manifolds. The outlet tube collects oxidizing gas flowing through the tube bundle for discharge to a combustion system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2001
    Assignees: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Eploitation des Procedes Georges Claude, American Air Liquide
    Inventors: Mahendra L. Joshi, Arnaud Fossen, Harley A. Borders, Remi Pierre Tsiava, Olivier Charon
  • Patent number: 6263904
    Abstract: A corrosion resistant gas cylinder and gas delivery system includes an electroless nickel-phosphorous layer overlying the inner surface of a steel alloy cylinder. The nickel-phosphorous layer has a thickness of at least about 20 micrometers and a porosity of no greater than about 0.1%. The electroless nickel-phosphorous layer has a phosphorous content of at least about 10% by weight and a surface roughness of no greater than about 5 micrometers. Prior to introducing liquefied gas into the gas cylinder, a cleaning process is carried out using a two-step baking process to clean the surface of the nickel-phosphorus layer. The nickel-phosphorous layer substantially reduces the contamination of liquefied corrosive gasses stored in the gas cylinder by metal from the steel wall surface underlying the nickel-phosphorous layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2001
    Assignees: Air Liquide America Corporation, American Air Liquide Inc., L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Alan D. Zdunek, Eugene A. Kernerman, William Korzeniowski
  • Patent number: 6114802
    Abstract: A field emission device (400) includes a plastically-deformable, ceramic, stamped substrate (200) made from a plastically deformable ceramic, which in the preferred embodiment includes a calendered tape. The plastically-deformable, ceramic, stamped substrate (200) includes first and second opposed surfaces (202, 204) and defines apertures (206) in which are formed extraction electrodes (410). The field emission device (400) further includes an electron-emissive layer (418) being formed on the first opposed surface (202). Cathodes (420) are disposed on the electron-emissive layer (418) and cross the extraction electrodes (410) at an angle of 90.degree.. A method for fabricating said field emission device (400) includes stamping a layer (100) of the softened calendered tape with a die (300) to define the apertures (206) and grooves (208, 212, 214).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Craig Amrine, Kenneth Dean, Curtis D. Moyer
  • Patent number: 6094001
    Abstract: A field emission device (400) includes a substrate (414), a cathode (415) disposed on substrate (414), a dielectric layer (418) disposed on cathode (415) and defining an emitter well (421) and further defining a focusing well (448), an electron emitter (420) disposed within emitter well (421) and connected to cathode (415), a gate electrode (422) disposed on dielectric layer (418), and a focusing structure (450) disposed within focusing well (448) and connected to cathode (415) for focusing an electron beam (430) emitted by electron emitter (420). A method for fabricating field emission device (400) includes directing a second collimated vapor beam (461) toward focusing well (448) subsequent to forming an encapsulating layer (478) over emitter well (421), thereby forming focusing structure (450).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2000
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventor: Chenggang Xie
  • Patent number: 6091190
    Abstract: An electron emitter (121, 221, 321, 421) includes an electron emitter structure (118) having a passivation layer (120, 220, 320, 420) formed thereon. The passivation layer (120, 220, 320, 420) is made from an oxide selected from a group consisting of the oxides of Ba, Ca, Sr, In, Sc, Ti, Ir, Co, Sr, Y, Zr, Ru, Pd, Sn, Lu, Hf, Re, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Th, and combinations thereof. In the preferred embodiment, the electron emitter structure (118) is made from molybdenum, and the passivation layer (120, 220, 320, 420) is made from an emission-enhancing oxide having a work function that is less than the work function of the molybdenum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Babu R. Chalamala, Sung P. Pack, Charles A. Rowell
  • Patent number: 6087765
    Abstract: An electron-emissive film (170, 730) is made from graphite and has a surface defining a plurality of emissive clusters (100), which are uniformly distributed over the surface. Each of the emissive clusters (100) has dendrites (110) extending radially from a central point (120). Each of the dendrites (110) has a ridge (130), which has a radius of curvature of less than 10 nm. The graphene sheets (160) that form the dendrites (110) have a (002) lattice spacing within a range of 0.342-0.350 nanometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2000
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Bernard F. Coll, Albert Alec Talin, James E. Jaskie
  • Patent number: 6046541
    Abstract: A flat panel display (12) includes a backplate (14) and a faceplate (16) attached to the backplate (14) defining a vacuum enclosure (18) therebetween. A spacer (46, 62, 64, 78, 80, 90) is positioned between the backplate (14) and the faceplate (16). The spacer geometry is anti-symmetrical and non-integral with respect to an array of electron emitters (30, 48, 76) on a cathode plate (22) overlying the backplate (14). The spacers have a curved surface (52, 78, 82) that is characterized by a radius r, or by a length d.sub.3 of a unit shape having bend angles .alpha. and .beta., whereas the electron emitter arrays are characterized by orthogonally arranged rows (32) and columns (34). The anti-symmetrical and non-integral relationship between the spacers (46, 62, 64, 78, 80, 90) and the electron emitters reduces the number of electron emitters and pixels (49, 77, 86) that are occluded by the spacers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2000
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: George Valliath, Kevin Jelley, Robert Akins, Pankaj Desai
  • Patent number: 6025819
    Abstract: A method for providing a gray scale in a field emission display (50) includes the step of providing a first driving pulse (214) having a pulse width equal to a pulse width separation (115) between the graphs (100, 200) of total charge response versus pulse width of a driving pulse for the non-ideal field emission display and the corresponding ideal field emission display. The pulse width separation (115) is the horizontal distance between the two graphs (100, 200) at a region wherein the two graphs (100, 200) are generally parallel. The pulse width, t.sub.n, of an nth driving pulse corresponding to an nth gray scale level is given by t.sub.n =t.sub.1 +[n-1]*[(t.sub.N -t.sub.1)/(N-1)], wherein t.sub.1 is the pulse width of the first driving pulse (214), N is the total number of gray scale levels, and t.sub.N is the pulse width of the Nth driving pulse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2000
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Chenggang Xie, Robert T. Smith, Rodolfo Lucero
  • Patent number: 5998738
    Abstract: An electronic control module (40) includes a base plate (12) bent about first and second major bend axis (27, 28). The base plate includes first and second grooves (29, 30) formed at an upper surface (15a) coextensive with the first and second major bend axis (27, 28). A flexible film (18) is asymmetrically bonded by adhesive films (31, 32) about the first and second major bend axis (27, 28). The asymmetrical bonding of the flexible film (18) about the major bend axis (27, 28) causes non-bonded loop portions (35) of the flexible film (18) to assume a serpentine pattern and deflect away from the major bend axis (27, 28) when the base plate (12) is bent about the major bend axis (27, 28). The bonding arrangement of the flexible film (18) to the base plate (12) permits an electrical connector (36) to be attached to the backside of the electronic control module (40).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1999
    Assignee: Motorola Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald Li, Amy McKernan
  • Patent number: 5989398
    Abstract: A calorimetric hydrocarbon gas sensor (10) includes an electrochemical oxygen pump (18), a sensing element (12), and a multi-layered substrate (26) separating the sensing element (12) from the electrochemical oxygen pump (18). The multi-layered substrate (26) includes a plurality of overlying insulating layers, in which at least one intermediate layer (60) supports a first primary heater (58), and in which another intermediate layer (52) supports a temperature compensation heaters (50a, 50b). The primary heater (58) functions to maintain the calorimetric hydrocarbon gas sensor (10) at a constant, elevated temperature, while the active compensation heater (50a) functions to maintain substantially equal temperatures as determined by the thermometers (46a, 46b) located on an intermediate layer (48) overlying the compensation heaters (50a, 50b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 23, 1999
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel A. Young, Adam Moya, Chowdary R. Koripella, Jeff Naber, Neil Adams, Craig Markyvech, Adam Miller
  • Patent number: 5930589
    Abstract: A method for fabricating an integrated field emission device (90) includes the steps of: (1) providing a substrate (52), (2) forming a conductive layer (54) on the substrate (52), (3) depositing a dielectric layer (56) on the conductive layer (54), (4) forming an emission well (62) in the dielectric layer (56), (5) forming an emissive film (72) over the dielectric layer (56) so that the emissive film (72) extends partially into the emission well (62) to define an emissive edge (94) within the emission well (62), and (6) selectively etching the dielectric layer (56) proximate to the emissive edge (94) so that electrons emitted by the emissive edge (94) are received by the conductive layer (54).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin B. Hilgers, Bruce G. Smith
  • Patent number: 5894193
    Abstract: A field emission display (400) includes a cathode plate (410), an anode plate (430), and a mechanical support/getter assembly (300) being disposed between the cathode plate (410) and the anode plate (430). The mechanical support/getter assembly (300) includes a unitary spacer-frame assembly (310) made from a photosensitive glass. A method for fabricating the mechanical support/getter assembly (300) includes the steps of: selectively exposing inter-spacer regions (110) and a getter frame region (120) of a layer (100) of the photosensitive glass to UV radiation, heating the layer (100) to crystallize the UV-exposed regions, and removing the crystallized inter-spacer regions (110) and partially removing the crystallized getter frame regions by contacting the layer (100) with an acid, thereby forming spacer ribs (314) and a getter land (322). The method further includes providing a getter frame (320) on the spacer land (322).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1999
    Assignee: Motorola Inc.
    Inventors: Craig Amrine, Clifford L. Anderson, Ronald O. Petersen
  • Patent number: 5864205
    Abstract: A gridded spacer assembly (130, 230) for a field emission display (100, 200) includes a plurality of spacers (135, 235), a focusing grid (132, 232) having a plurality of spacer apertures (133) in which the spacers (135, 235) are disposed and to which the spacers (135, 235) are affixed adjacent their lower end, a stabilization grid (138, 238) having a plurality of spacer apertures (137) in registration with the spacer apertures (133) of the focusing grid (132, 232), the spacers (135, 235) being disposed therein and affixed thereto adjacent their upper end, the focusing grid (132, 232) and the stabilization grid (138, 238) having a plurality of focusing apertures (139) for collimating and focusing a beam of electrons (150).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: Motorola Inc.
    Inventor: Lawrence N. Dworsky
  • Patent number: 5848925
    Abstract: A method for fabricating an array (300) of edge electron emitters (530) includes the steps of: forming first and second grooves (310, 320) in first and second opposing planar surfaces (101, 102), respectively, of a supporting substrate (110) to form an array of openings (330) therethrough; forming a dielectric layer (122) on the first planar surface (101) and an emission structure (120) on the dielectric layer (122); forming a plurality of cathodes (132) on the emission structure (120); forming gates (515) on a portion of the surfaces defining the first grooves (310); forming a masking film (710) on the cathodes (132)/emission structure (120); removing an outer, radial portion (726) of the masking film (710); etching the emission structure (120), the retracted masking film (710) forming a mask, thereby providing a predetermined configuration of the edge electron emitters (530) with respect to the gates (515) and cathodes (132).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1998
    Assignee: Motorola Inc.
    Inventors: Emmett Howard, Curtis D. Moyer, James E. Jaskie
  • Patent number: 5847407
    Abstract: A charge dissipation field emission device (200, 300, 400) includes a supporting substrate (210, 310, 410), a cathode (215, 315, 415) formed thereon, a dielectric layer (240, 340, 440) formed on the cathode (215, 315, 415) and having emitter wells (260, 360, 460) and a charge dissipation well (252, 352, 452, 453) exposing a charge-collecting surface (248, 348, 448, 449), for bleeding off gaseous positive charge generated during the operation of the charge dissipation field emission device (200, 300, 400), an electron emitter (270, 370, 470) formed in each of the emitter wells (260, 360, 460), and an anode (280, 380, 480) spaced from the dielectric layer (240, 340, 440) for collecting electrons emitted by the electron emitters (270, 370, 470).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Assignee: Motorola Inc.
    Inventors: Rodolfo Lucero, Robert T. Smith, Lawrence N. Dworsky
  • Patent number: 5842339
    Abstract: A method for monitoring the performance of a catalytic converter (34) computes the oxygen storage capacity and desorption capacity of a catalyst within the catalytic converter (34). An engine control unit (10) receives mass flow rate information of air from a mass air flow rate sensor (12) and an injector driver (24), and receives electrical signals from an upstream exhaust gas sensor (28) and a downstream exhaust gas sensor (30). The engine control unit (10) calculates normalized air fuel ratios for the exhaust gas entering and leaving the catalytic converter (34) and performs numerical integration to determine the oxygen storage capacity and oxygen desorption capacity of the catalyst in the catalytic converter (34). The calculated oxygen storage and desorption capacities of the catalyst are compared with threshold values to determine the performance of the catalytic converter (34).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1998
    Assignee: Motorola Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin J. Bush, Bruce A. Church, David Frankowski