Patents Assigned to Brookhaven Science Associates LLC
  • Publication number: 20160013605
    Abstract: Technologies are described for methods and systems effective to compress an input pulse to produce an output pulse. The methods may include receiving, by a pulse compressor, the input pulse. The methods may further include producing, by the pulse compressor, an unchirped portion of the input pulse. The methods may further include producing, by the pulse compressor, a chirped portion of the input pulse. The methods may further include filtering out, by the pulse compressor, the unchirped portion. The methods may further include compressing, by the pulse compressor, the chirped portion to produce the output pulse.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 7, 2015
    Publication date: January 14, 2016
    Applicant: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventor: Mikhail Polyanskiy
  • Publication number: 20160002651
    Abstract: In the tgd1-1 mutant that displays substantially enhanced TAG synthesis and turnover, disruption of SUGAR-DEPENDENT1 (SDP1) TAG lipase or PEROXISOMAL TRANSPORTER1 (PXA1) severely decreases FA turnover, leading to an increase in leaf TAG content up to 9% of dry weight and total leaf lipid by three-fold. The membrane lipid content and composition of tgd1-1 sdp1-4 and tgd1-1 pxa1-2 double mutants are altered and they are compromised in growth and development and fertility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2015
    Publication date: January 7, 2016
    Applicant: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Changcheng Xu, Jilian Fan, Chengshi Yan, John Shanklin
  • Publication number: 20150376803
    Abstract: Highly effective, standalone gas-diffusion electrodes (GDEs) and the methods for their manufacture and test are disclosed, Nanocataiysis are directly bonded on a gas diffusion layer, so that the integrity of the catalyst layer holds without polymer electrolyte membrane, facilitating minimization of electronic, prottmtc, and diffusion resistances in the catalyst layer. The devised embodiments provide examples showing a facile hanging-strip method for testing the standalone GDEs in a solution electrochemical cell, which removes the mA-cm?2-scale mass transport limited currents on rotating disk electrodes to allow studies of reaction kinetics on single electrode over sufficiently wide current ranges (up to A cm?2) without mass transport limitation. Ultralow-Pi-content GDEs are fabricated as the cathode for hydrogen evolution in water eiectrolyzers and as the anode for hydrogen oxidation in hydrogen fuel cells.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Publication date: December 31, 2015
    Applicant: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventor: Jia Xu Wang
  • Patent number: 9221957
    Abstract: Technologies are described for methods for producing a pattern of a material on a substrate. The methods may comprise receiving a patterned block copolymer on a substrate. The patterned block copolymer may include a first polymer block domain and a second polymer block domain. The method may comprise exposing the patterned block copolymer to a light effective to oxidize the first polymer block domain in the patterned block copolymer. The method may comprise applying a precursor to the block copolymer. The precursor may infuse into the oxidized first polymer block domain and generate the material. The method may comprise applying a removal agent to the block copolymer. The removal agent may be effective to remove the first polymer block domain and the second polymer block domain from the substrate, and may not be effective to remove the material in the oxidized first polymer block domain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Chang-Yong Nam, Jovan Kamcev, Charles T. Black, Robert Grubbs
  • Patent number: 9224570
    Abstract: A vacuum encapsulated, hermetically sealed cathode capsule for generating an electron beam of secondary electrons, which generally includes a cathode element having a primary emission surface adapted to emit primary electrons, an annular insulating spacer, a diamond window element comprising a diamond material and having a secondary emission surface adapted to emit secondary electrons in response to primary electrons impinging on the diamond window element, a first high-temperature solder weld disposed between the diamond window element and the annular insulating spacer and a second high-temperature solder weld disposed between the annular insulating spacer and the cathode element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Triveni Rao, John Walsh, Elizabeth Gangone
  • Patent number: 9225325
    Abstract: Embodiments of comparator circuits are disclosed. A comparator circuit may include a differential input circuit, an output circuit, a positive feedback circuit operably coupled between the differential input circuit and the output circuit, and a hysteresis control circuit operably coupled with the positive feedback circuit. The hysteresis control circuit includes a switching device and a transistor. The comparator circuit provides sub-hysteresis discrimination and high speed discrimination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventor: Gianluigi De Geronimo
  • Patent number: 9193972
    Abstract: A nucleotide construct comprising a nucleotide sequence that forms a stem and a loop, wherein the loop comprises a nucleotide sequence that modulates expression of a target, wherein the stem comprises a nucleotide sequence that modulates expression of a target, and wherein the target modulated by the nucleotide sequence in the loop and the target modulated by the nucleotide sequence in the stem may be the same or different. Vectors, methods of regulating target expression, methods of providing a cell, and methods of treating conditions comprising the nucleotide sequence are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: John Shanklin, Tam Huu Nguyen
  • Patent number: 9153453
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for sectioning by etching of monolayers and multilayers using an RIE technique with fluorine-based chemistry. In one embodiment, the process uses Reactive Ion Etching (RIE) alone or in combination with Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) using fluorine-based chemistry alone and using sufficient power to provide high ion energy to increase the etching rate and to obtain deeper anisotropic etching. In a second embodiment, a process is provided for sectioning of WSi2/Si multilayers using RIE in combination with ICP using a combination of fluorine-based and chlorine-based chemistries and using RF power and ICP power. According to the second embodiment, a high level of vertical anisotropy is achieved by a ratio of three gases; namely, CHF3, Cl2, and O2 with RF and ICP. Additionally, in conjunction with the second embodiment, a passivation layer can be formed on the surface of the multilayer which aids in anisotropic profile generation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignees: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC, UChicago Argonne, LLC
    Inventors: Nathalie C. D. Bouet, Raymond P. Conley, Ralu Divan, Albert Macrander
  • Patent number: 9150968
    Abstract: High-surface-area carbon nanostructures coated with a smooth and conformal submonolayer-to-multilayer thin metal films and their method of manufacture are described. The manufacturing process may involve initial oxidation of the carbon nanostructures followed by immersion in a solution with the desired pH to create negative surface dipoles. The nanostructures are subsequently immersed in an alkaline solution containing non-noble metal ions which adsorb at surface reaction sites. The metal ions are then reduced via chemical or electrical means and the nanostructures are exposed to a solution containing a salt of one or more noble metals which replace adsorbed non-noble surface metal atoms by galvanic displacement. Subsequent film growth may be performed via the initial quasi-underpotential deposition of a non-noble metal followed by immersion in a solution comprising a more noble metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Radoslav R. Adzic, Alexander Harris
  • Patent number: 9134439
    Abstract: A radiation detector system that effectively solves the electron trapping problem by optimizing shielding of individual virtual Frisch-grid detectors in an array configuration with a common cathode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Aleksey Bolotnikov, Ralph B. James, Gianluigi De Geronimo, Emerson Vernon
  • Publication number: 20150252484
    Abstract: A catalytic composition from earth-abundant transition metal salts and biomass is disclosed. A calcined catalytic composition formed from soybean powder and ammonium molybdate is specifically exemplified herein. Methods for making the catalytic composition are disclosed as are electrodes for hydrogen evolution reactions comprising the catalytic composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2013
    Publication date: September 10, 2015
    Applicant: BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE ASSOCIATES LLC
    Inventors: Wei-Fu Chen, Shweta Iyer, Shilpa Iyer, Kotaro Sasaki, James T. Muckerman, Etsuko Fujita
  • Patent number: 9121953
    Abstract: A radiation detector system that solves the electron trapping problem by optimizing shielding of the individual virtual Frisch-grid detectors in an array configuration with a common cathode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Aleksey E. Bolotnikov, Ge Yang, Giuseppe Camarda, Yonggang Cui, Anwar Hossain, Ki Hyun Kim, Ralph B. James
  • Publication number: 20150217249
    Abstract: A method for providing 11C-labeled cyanides from 11C labeled oxides in a target gas stream retrieved from an irradiated high pressure gaseous target containing O2, wherein 11C labeled oxides are reduced with H2 in the presence of a nickel catalyst under a pressure and a temperature sufficient to form a product stream comprising at least about 95% 11CH4, the 11CH4 is then combined with an excess of NH3 in a carrier/reaction stream flowing at an accelerated velocity and the combined 11CH4 carrier/reaction stream is then contacted with a platinum (Pt) catalyst particulate supported on a substantially-chemically-nonreactive heat-stable support at a temperature of at least about 900° C., whereby a product stream comprising at least about 60% H 11CN is provided in less than 10 minutes from retrieval of the 11C labeled oxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2014
    Publication date: August 6, 2015
    Applicant: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Dohyun Kim, David Alexoff, Sung Won Kim, Jacob M. Hooker, Richard A. Ferrieri
  • Patent number: 9095705
    Abstract: A particle beam to treat malignant tissue is delivered to a patient by a gantry. The gantry includes a plurality of small magnets sequentially arranged along a beam tube to transfer the particle beam with strong focusing and a small dispersion function, whereby a beam size is very small, allowing for the small magnet size. Magnets arranged along the beam tube uses combined function magnets where the magnetic field is a combination of a bending dipole field with a focusing or defocusing quadrupole field. A triplet set of combined function magnets defines the beam size at the patient. A scanning system of magnets arranged along the beam tube after the bending system delivers the particle beam in a direction normal to the patient, to minimize healthy skin and tissue exposure to the particle beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventor: Dejan Trbojevic
  • Patent number: 9099253
    Abstract: Elongated noble-metal nanoparticles and methods for their manufacture are disclosed. The method involves the formation of a plurality of elongated noble-metal nanoparticles by electrochemical deposition of the noble metal on a high surface area carbon support, such as carbon nanoparticles. Prior to electrochemical deposition, the carbon support may be functionalized by oxidation, thus making the manufacturing process simple and cost-effective. The generated elongated nanoparticles are covalently bound to the carbon support and can be used directly in electrocatalysis. The process provides elongated noble-metal nanoparticles with high catalytic activities and improved durability in combination with high catalyst utilization since the nanoparticles are deposited and covalently bound to the carbon support in their final position and will not change in forming an electrode assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Radoslav Adzic, Stoyan Blyznakov, Miomir Vukmirovic
  • Patent number: 9095846
    Abstract: The invention relates to a ligand that may be used to create a catalyst including a coordination complex is formed by the addition of two metals; Cp, Cp* or an unsubstituted or substituted ?-arene; and two coordinating solvent species or solvent molecules. The bimetallic catalyst may be used in the hydrogenation of CO2 to form formic acid and/or salts thereof, and in the dehydrogenation of formic acid and/or salts thereof to form H2 and CO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignees: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)
    Inventors: Jonathan F. Hull, Yuichiro Himeda, Etsuko Fujita, James T. Muckeman
  • Patent number: 9085488
    Abstract: A method of making a stable, sulfur binding composite comprising impregnating a solid aggregate with an organic modifier comprising unsaturated hydrocarbons with at least one double or triple covalent bond between adjacent carbon atoms to create a modifier-impregnated aggregate; heating and drying the modifier-impregnated aggregate to activate the surface of the modifier-impregnated aggregate for reaction with sulfur.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Paul D. Kalb, Vyacheslav P. Vagin, Lyudmila Vagina
  • Patent number: 9082522
    Abstract: A multilayer Laue Lens includes a compensation layer formed in between a first multilayer section and a second multilayer section. Each of the first and second multilayer sections includes a plurality of alternating layers made of a pair of different materials. Also, the thickness of layers of the first multilayer section is monotonically increased so that a layer adjacent the substrate has a minimum thickness, and the thickness of layers of the second multilayer section is monotonically decreased so that a layer adjacent the compensation layer has a maximum thickness. In particular, the compensation layer of the multilayer Laue lens has an in-plane thickness gradient laterally offset by 90° as compared to other layers in the first and second multilayer sections, thereby eliminating the strict requirement of the placement error.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Raymond P. Conley, Chian Qian Liu, Albert T. Macrander, Hanfei Yan, Jorg Maser, Hyon Chol Kang, Gregory Brian Stephenson
  • Patent number: 9071219
    Abstract: An analog filter is presented that comprises a chain of filter stages, a feedback resistor for providing a negative feedback, and a feedback capacitor for providing a positive feedback. Each filter stage has an input node and an output node. The output node of a filter stage is connected to the input node of an immediately succeeding filter stage through a resistor. The feedback resistor has a first end connected to the output node of the last filter stage along the chain of filter stages, and a second end connected to the input node of a first preceding filter stage. The feedback capacitor has a first end connected to the output node of one of the chain of filter stages, and a second end connected to the input node of a second preceding filter stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Gianluigi De Geronimo, Shaorui Li
  • Publication number: 20150177376
    Abstract: Technologies are described effective to implement an atmospheric radar system. An antenna array transmits a wave toward an atmospheric target and receives a reflected wave that includes voltages corresponding to backscattered radar signal measurements. A processor includes a coherency matrix generator module effective to receive the voltages and generate a coherency matrix. The processor further includes an eigenvalue calculator module effective to receive the coherency matrix and calculate eigenvalues of the coherency matrix The processor includes an eigenvalue variable calculator module effective to receive the eigenvalues and calculate eigenvalue meteorological variables from the eigenvalues. The processor further includes an atmosphere display module effective to receive the eigenvalue meteorological variables and generate an output signal that corresponds to the meteorological property of the atmospheric target in response.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2013
    Publication date: June 25, 2015
    Applicant: BROOKHAVEN SCIENCE ASSOCIATES LLC
    Inventor: Michele Galletti