Abstract: A beater bar capable of being acted upon on one side for impactor rotors and insertable form-fittedly into circumferential slots of the rotors has a bend with an elongate cross-section, a bearing surface heldable counter to a centrifugal force of the rotating rotors against a bearing surface of the rotors, a supporting surface engageable with an undercut in the circumferential slot; a piece which holds the beater bar in engagement with the undercut in an circumferential slot, the bend being arcuate, and a center of rotation of a smaller radius of an arc of the bearing surfaces being at a considerable distance from a center of rotation of a larger radius of an arc of the supporting surface, so that the two centers of rotation run in a line extending approximately parallel to a beating surface, the bearing surfaces being at an obtuse angle to one another in a prolongation of the smaller arc.
Abstract: A simply and compactly built drive system for a tube mill is provided whose force transmission is no longer threatened by flexures and other deformations of the grinding tube. A one-piece ring gear having a diameter less than or equal to the diameter of the grinding tube is attached to the small diameter end of a discharge cone of the grinding tube.
Abstract: A compact and light-weight jaw crusher, in which life span of parts enduring abrasion is long, and an outlet clearance of a crushing chamber is easily adjusted, is provided. For this purpose, the jaw crusher includes a stationary jaw (3) fixedly provided at a frame (2), a movable jaw (5) which is provided to oppose the stationary jaw and attached swingably with an eccentric drive shaft (4), a movable jaw load receiving section (10) attached to the frame, and a coupling joint (23) which is a connecting member for connecting a lower portion of the movable jaw and the movable jaw load receiving section and swingably connects the lower portion of the movable jaw and the movable jaw load receiving section.
Abstract: A portable unitary apparatus, preferably wheeled, is provided herein for disposing of hazardous light bulbs, e.g., fluorescent light bulbs. The apparatus is in the form of a housing which includes an upper compartment, and a lower compartment. The top of the housing is provided with a cylindrical fluorescent light bulb feed chute for a fluorescent light bulb to be disposed of. A rotary, bulb crushing fluorescent light bulb device, comprising a pair of rigid articulated crushing hammers is secured to opposed ends of a securement member, by means of a chain-type joint, each rigid articulated crushing hammer including an arm and a weighted end, the weighted end being secured to the end of an associated arm by a chain-type joint. The rigid articulated crushing hammers which are powered by a motor, are disposed within an enclosed reduction chamber shroud which depends from the upper compartment.
Abstract: A roller-type reducing apparatus comprising reducing rollers mounted within a housing for rotation in opposite directions. The reducing rollers comprise a plurality of reducing discs having different diameters and placed in a side-by-side relationship. There are provided reducing discs with fine serrations and reducing discs with coarse serrations, with comminuting discs with fine serrations having a diameter smaller than that of reducing discs with coarse serrations.
Abstract: A mechanical system that separates bundles of paper and presents the separated paper on a conveyor in a single layer fashion, for further processing. The paper is accumulated in a hopper and fed into the mechanical separating mechanism in a batch mode. When sufficient volume has been admitted to the container, the inflow port is closed and the mechanical separating impeller are activated to rotate in the same direction, imparting bidirectional forces on compacted bundles of sheets or shreds, causing them to deaggregate. Upon completion of the separation cycle, the separated sheets are expelled through an outlet port and conveyed to a drop chute for further singulation, from which the singulated sheets may be deposited onto one or more conveyor belts for sorting.
Abstract: A food disposal system for installation on a drain of a commercial kitchen sink enables segregation of oil/grease from effluent flows from the drain. A housing collects effluent flows containing water, oil/grease, and solids from the drain, and a macerating pump has an inlet connected to an opening of the housing that is other than downwardly directed and an outlet connected to a sanitary drain. A greasy water outlet extends to an oil/grease separator from an outlet on the housing above the macerating pump inlet, and a hot water backflush source enables hot water to flow into the housing.
Abstract: A separating or deboning machine, for separating soft material such as meat from hard material such as bone, includes a separating chamber through which a flighted auger extends. The separating chamber has a series of perforations in a side wall, through which soft material passes upon rotation of the auger. Pressure is maintained within a flow passage defined by the separating chamber, which forces the soft material through the separations to the exterior of the separating chamber. The separating chamber is preferably formed so as to have a parallel-type wall structure, to provide a high throughput of material. The perforations are in the form of specially configured slots which provide low pressure passages for enabling soft material to pass from the flow passage to the exterior of the separating chamber. The slots are inclined in the direction of auger rotation in an upstream-to-downstream direction.
Abstract: An apparatus for the continuously recycling of synthetic plastics material, preferably polyester, has a first receptacle (2) for the material in which movable tools (9) are disposed which comminute and/or mix the material. Pre-processed material is conveyed from this receptacle (2) through a vacuum-tightly closable conduit (18) into a second receptacle (19), the interior of which can be evacuated. Within this second receptacle (19) are movable tools (22) for processing the material. The material is conveyed from the second receptacle (19) by means of a screw (30). Another screw (15) is bearingly supported within the channel (18) and the screw volutions of this screw convey the material from the first receptacle (2) into the second receptacle (19). Between the screw volutions (52) of this further screw (15) and the second receptacle (19) there is at least one damming element (39) in the channel (18), which is disposed in the flow of the conveyed material.
October 15, 2001
Date of Patent:
September 16, 2003
Helmut Bacher, Helmuth Schulz, Georg Wendelin
Abstract: A compact and efficient spice grinder having a centrally disposed post configured for engaging a spice seed in the grinding chamber. The spice seed is initially “fractured” by a “pestle-like” seed fracturing structuring at the top of the post. When a user thereafter rotates the dome-like cover of the grinder with respect to the base, spice fragments are grated against interior blades positioned along the sidewall of the chamber adapter/extender. A dome cover is gradually lowered by a user as the spice in the grinding chamber becomes depleted. The grinder is lightweight and may be attached conveniently to a key ring or to a chain and carried as a novelty item.
Abstract: A spice crusher comprising a main body, a handle pivotally mounted on the main body, a crushing plate, a gear driving mechanism and a fineness control mechanism. The crushing plate, gear driving mechanism and fineness control mechanism are arranged within the main body so that the gear driving mechanism and the fineness control mechanism co-operate with the crushing plate. The driving gear mechanism enables the spice crusher to be operated easily by one hand. The fineness control mechanism controls the fineness of the crushed spices. The spice crusher may be used to crush peppercorns.
Abstract: The disclosed method and apparatus for crushing material such as ice include a controller to actively control the speed, volume, temperature, and humidity of airflow to improve the crushing efficiency.
Abstract: An apparatus and method are described for creating rubber crumb from rubber vehicle tires. The method provides for the soaking of a vehicle tire in a solvent, removal of the tire from the solvent, movement of the tire by a conveyor to an apparatus that applies physical pressure to the tire, while situated upon a circular screen which allows the physical pressure applied to fragment the tire into its component parts, pressing the rubber components through the screen with any remaining liquid and allowing the non rubber components to be removed for recycling purposes or to be discarded. The apparatus applies physical pressure to separate the rubber and non rubber components from one another.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for chopping long unwound items like fiber, fiber strands, yarn, etc. having an idler roll for pressing the item(s) against a backup roll for pulling the item(s) into the chopper uses an improved mount for the idler roll that maintains the outer peripheral surface of the idler roll into more consistent contact with more consistent force with the item(s) being chopped.
January 26, 2001
Date of Patent:
July 29, 2003
Johns Manville International, Inc.
Randall C. Bascom, William J. Sandretto, Billy Ray Stinnett, Donald S. Perry
Abstract: A soil modifying machine comprises a machine body, a hopper through which a soil to be modified is fed to the machine body, a soil conveying means for conveying the soil supplied through the hopper, a soil conditioner supply device for supplying a soil conditioner to the soil, a mixing unit disposed at a discharge portion of the soil conveying means, the mixing unit comprising an outer case, a soil cutter device disposed inside the case and a plurality of impact hammers disposed below the soil cutter device, and a modified soil conveyer disposed at a discharge portion of said mixer unit. The soil cutter device may comprise a cylindrical drum, a plurality of cutters mounted to an outer peripheral surface of the drum, and a motor for driving and rotating the drum. Each of the impact hammers may comprise a rotational shaft, a plurality of hammer pieces, each in shape of plate, mounted to the rotational shaft and a motor for driving and rotating the impact hammer.
Abstract: An apparatus 10 for crushing materials such as rock, ore, coal, stone and the like includes two rolls 16A and 16B which are mounted in parallel to define a gap 18 therebetween. Chunks of material to be crushed are fed by a conveyor 12 into the nip 14 between the rolls. Each roll 16A and 16B is similar and includes longitudinally extending steps provided by outwardly extending faces and smoothly curved surface segments between the steps. When the rolls are counter-rotated at the same speed, the gap 18 is maintained substantially constant and effectively transversely reciprocates in location between limits defined by the outer extremity of the face of a step on one roll being located opposite the inner extremity of the face of a step on the opposite roll. Compared to smooth roll crushing the invention provides for greater reduction ratios to be achieved at slower rotational speeds and using smaller diameter rolls.
Abstract: A mobile shredding system is used mounted on a vehicle. The system has a hopper, for receiving material to be shredded, a shredder communicating with the hopper, and a holding space for shredded waste into which the shredder feeds shredded material. A bin lifting mechanism with at least one chain onto which a carriage is attached is mounted on a side of the vehicle. The carriage has an engagement mechanism for attaching a bin and the chain is movable by means of a drive mechanism from a lowered position, in which the carriage is adjacent the ground on which the vehicle is standing, and a raised position, in which the carriage is adjacent an inlet of the hopper and the contents of the bin are emptied into the hopper via the inlet. The carriage has a weight measuring mechanism such as a load cell incorporated therein to measure the weight of the bin when the bin is attached to the engagement mechanism. The system further has a weight indicating display, and also a electronic storage of the measured bin weight.
Abstract: The data destruction machine is a desk-top, portable unit with a short (under 10 second) cycle time, pluggable into a wall outlet. Upon insertion of a disk (such as a CD or split DVD) into the machine, which is fully automatic, data is removed. The machine converts the data-storage layer into residue consistent with security destruction standards from which no data is retrievable. A single machine may be used for declassifying CDs and split DVDs. Splitting DVDs in preparation for inserting them into the data destruction machine may be accomplished quickly and simply.
Abstract: A chopper for chopping up food has an upper portion and a push rod, displaceable therein, with an actuation head and a blade. A lower portion is connected to the upper portion, and a chopped material cup serves to receive the chopped material. Inserted in the upper portion and on the top surface of the actuation head are parts made of a material which is softer than the material of the upper portion or respectively of the actuation head. Thanks to the soft parts inserted in the upper portion, the chopper can be securely held by hand. The soft part inserted on the actuation head damps the blows exerted by hand for chopping.
Abstract: A horizontal shaft impact rock crusher having breaker plates which are coupled to a shaft or pins which rest in voids along an edge of the crusher and are held in place by a retainer device, such that the breaker plates with the shaft or pins still attached can be removed from the crusher by releasing the retainer devices.
March 15, 2002
Date of Patent:
June 24, 2003
Gregory A. Young, Michael P. Stemper, Albert D. Botton