Patents by Inventor Tianyi Gao

Tianyi Gao has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11076505
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an edge cooling system with an IT container having an edge device partially submerged within a liquid coolant. The device generates heat that is transferred into liquid coolant thereby causing the liquid coolant to vaporize into vapor. The system includes a condenser that condenses vapor into liquid coolant, a vapor buffer configured to buffer and provide vapor to the condenser, a liquid accumulator configured to accumulate condensed liquid coolant and provide liquid coolant to the IT container, a main liquid supply line that couples the condenser and IT container to the liquid accumulator, and a main vapor return line that couples the condenser and IT container to the vapor buffer to create a heat exchanging loop. The system design includes the liquid accumulator and vapor buffer, and functions multiple cooling modes including a supplemental cooling. Each of the components are fully enclosed within an edge container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 11076508
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an information technology (IT) equipment cooling system includes an IT cooling module having one or more pieces of IT equipment that is configured to provide IT services and is at least partially submerged within a liquid coolant. While the equipment provides the services, heat is generated and transferred into the coolant thereby causing at least some of the coolant to turn into a vapor. The system also includes a condenser that is positioned above the module and is configured to condense the vapor back into liquid coolant. The system includes return and supply lines that are both coupled to the condenser and to the module to create a heat exchanging loop. The system includes an accumulator that is disposed on the supply line and is configured to accumulate the condensed liquid coolant before the coolant is provided to the module. The accumulator provides backup cooling capacity for the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210204449
    Abstract: In one embodiment, an electronics enclosure for housing a data processing system includes a number of enclosure panels forming a fully enclosed container to contain electronics, including a first enclosure panel having a liquid cooling component therein and a second enclosure panel having an air cooling component therein. The enclosure is thermally managed by implementing these panels. The first enclosure panel includes an inlet port to receive cooling liquid from an external cooling liquid source, a cooling plate disposed on an inner surface of the first enclosure panel to receive a motherboard of the data processing system and to extract heat from the motherboard using the cooling liquid and an outlet port to return the cooling liquid back to the external liquid source. The second enclosure panel includes a liquid to air heat exchanger to cool air flowing through an air space within the fully enclosed container using at least a portion of the cooling liquid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2019
    Publication date: July 1, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi GAO
  • Publication number: 20210204450
    Abstract: In one embodiment, an electronic cooling device includes an inlet port to receive cooling liquid from an external cooling liquid source. The cooling device further includes a base cooling unit having a first liquid distribution channel therein. The base cooling unit includes a cooling plate that forms a lower surface to be positioned on a top surface of one or more electronic devices to extract heat from the devices through the cooling plate using at least a portion of the cooling liquid from the external cooling liquid source. The cooling device further includes an upper cooling unit having a second liquid distribution channel to extract heat from air contacting the upper cooling unit using at least a portion of the cooling liquid received from the external cooling liquid source. The cooling device further includes an outlet port to return the cooling liquid to the external cooling liquid source. Internal fluid channel structural design can be used and customized for different applications and use cases.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2019
    Publication date: July 1, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi GAO
  • Patent number: 11050053
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a battery, comprising a positive electrode plate, a separator and a negative electrode plate, wherein the positive electrode plate comprises a positive electrode current collector and at least two layers of positive active materials on at least one surface of the positive electrode current collector in which the underlying positive active material layer in contact with the positive electrode current collector comprises a first positive active material, a first polymer material, and a first conductive material and in which the upper positive active material layer comprises a second positive active material, a second polymer material, and a second conductive material and the first polymer material comprises an oil-dispersible polymer material having a solubility in NMP at 130° C. for 5 minutes, which is 30% or less of the solubility of PVDF under the same conditions. The battery exhibits good safety performance and improved electrical performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2021
    Assignee: Contemporary Amperex Technology Co., Limited
    Inventors: Wei Li, Haihao Shi, Huihui Liu, Chao Jin, Tianyi Gao, Jianbao Xu, Shisong Li, Chao Guo
  • Publication number: 20210195804
    Abstract: A fluid cooling system for an electronics package having a chassis is disclosed. The system includes an electronics package housed within a chassis, one or more mounting structures attached to the chassis, and a fluid cooling module interfaced with one or more electronics of the electronics package, the fluid cooling module housed within the chassis and mounted to the one or more mounting structures, where circulation of a fluid of the fluid cooling module cools the one or more electronics. A chassis fluid distribution manifold is used to connect with the chassis fluid inlet and outlet and to distribute fluid within the chassis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2019
    Publication date: June 24, 2021
    Inventor: TIANYI GAO
  • Publication number: 20210185847
    Abstract: A multi-floor data center can include a data center building having a plurality of floors, a single centralized air intake module spanning each of the plurality of floors, a number of cooling coil modules, a centralized liquid cooling system, and a number of IT modules. Each of the floors includes at least one of the cooling coil modules configured to receive external air from the single air intake module to cool a cooling coil. The centralized liquid cooling system is configured to circulate cooling liquid to the cooling coil for each of the cooling coil modules. Each of the floors includes one of the IT modules configured to house computing systems, and internal air is cooled at each of the cooling coil modules and introduced into each of the IT modules to cool the computing systems. Each floor can be equipped with different modular cooling systems with different cooling capacities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2019
    Publication date: June 17, 2021
    Inventor: TIANYI GAO
  • Publication number: 20210185859
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an edge cooling system with an IT container having an edge device partially submerged within a liquid coolant. The device generates heat that is transferred into liquid coolant thereby causing the liquid coolant to vaporize into vapor. The system includes a condenser that condenses vapor into liquid coolant, a vapor buffer configured to buffer and provide vapor to the condenser, a liquid accumulator configured to accumulate condensed liquid coolant and provide liquid coolant to the IT container, a main liquid supply line that couples the condenser and IT container to the liquid accumulator, and a main vapor return line that couples the condenser and IT container to the vapor buffer to create a heat exchanging loop. The system design includes the liquid accumulator and vapor buffer, and functions multiple cooling modes including a supplemental cooling. Each of the components are fully enclosed within an edge container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2019
    Publication date: June 17, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210176889
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a battery backup unit (BBU) with a louver design includes a container, a battery module having one or more battery cells, a first louver at a frontend of the container, a second louver at a backend of the container, and a control mechanism that is coupled to both the first and second louvers and is configured to open and close the louvers. Also, the battery module and the control mechanism are disposed within the container. In another embodiment, a BBU shelf with a similar louver design that includes one or more battery modules may be implemented within an electronic rack.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2019
    Publication date: June 10, 2021
    Inventors: Shuai Shao, Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 11032949
    Abstract: An electronic rack includes an array of server shelves inserted into at least some of a plurality of standard slots of the electronic rack. Each server shelf contains one or more servers and each server includes one or more processors. At least some of the processors are mounted on cold plates for liquid cooling. The electronic rack further includes a liquid manifold shelf inserted into one of the standard slots. The liquid manifold shelf includes a pair of an upstream supply port and an upstream return port and further includes one or more pairs of a downstream inlet port and a downstream outlet port. The upstream supply port is coupled to a facility liquid supply line to receive cooling liquid from an external cooling liquid source and the upstream return port to return the cooling liquid back to the external cooling liquid source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 11019752
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a cooling module includes a base frame, a fluid supply channel disposed on the base frame to receive cooling fluid from an external cooling fluid source, a fluid return channel disposed on the base frame to return the cooling fluid, multiple cold plates disposed on the base frame, wherein the cold plates are to be attached to a plurality of data processing modules. The cooling module also includes multiple distribution channels to distribute the cooling fluid received from the fluid supply channel to the cold plates to exchange heat generated by the heat generating modules and to return the cooling fluid carrying the exchanged heat back to the external cooling fluid source via the fluid return channel. The base frame, the fluid supply and return channels, the fluid distribution channels, and the cold plates are integrated as a single integrated cooling unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210148608
    Abstract: A cooling system includes an ingress port to receive refrigerant in a vapor form from an evaporator, an egress port to return refrigerant in a liquid form back to the evaporator, a condenser coupled to the ingress port and the egress port, and a compressor coupled to the ingress port and the condenser. When the cooling system operates in a first mode, the condenser is configured to receive and condense the refrigerant from the vapor form into the liquid form and to return the refrigerant in the liquid form to the regress port. When the cooling system operates in a second mode, the compressor is configured to compress the refrigerant in the vapor form and to supply the compressed refrigerant to the condenser to be condensed therein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2019
    Publication date: May 20, 2021
    Inventor: TIANYI GAO
  • Publication number: 20210153392
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an information technology (IT) equipment cooling system includes an IT cooling module having one or more pieces of IT equipment that is configured to provide IT services and is at least partially submerged within a liquid coolant. While the equipment provides the services, heat is generated and transferred into the coolant thereby causing at least some of the coolant to turn into a vapor. The system also includes a condenser that is positioned above the module and is configured to condense the vapor back into liquid coolant. The system includes return and supply lines that are both coupled to the condenser and to the module to create a heat exchanging loop. The system includes an accumulator that is disposed on the supply line and is configured to accumulate the condensed liquid coolant before the coolant is provided to the module. The accumulator provides backup cooling capacity for the system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2019
    Publication date: May 20, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi GAO
  • Publication number: 20210153391
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an electronic rack cooling system includes a liquid manifold and a vapor manifold. The system includes a cold plate configured to mount on a processor of a piece of information technology (IT) equipment for liquid cooling. The cooling device such as the cold plate is coupled to the liquid manifold to receive cooling liquid and is coupled to the vapor manifold that receives vapor produced by the cold plate when heat generated by the processor is transferred into the cooling liquid through the cold plate. The system also includes a heat exchanger coupled to the vapor manifold to receive the vapor and configured to condense the vapor back into cooling liquid. The system also includes a fluid control unit coupled between the liquid manifold and the heat exchanger to create a heat exchanging loop, and configured to circulate the cooling liquid within the heat exchanging loop. Multiple methods of implementing the proposed thermal system and the loop design on a rack and a data center.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2019
    Publication date: May 20, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 11006547
    Abstract: A data center immersion cooling system is described. The system comprises: an immersion tank; a heat exchanger to extract heat from heated coolant and transform heated coolant into cooled coolant; a coolant supply line to supply the cooled coolant from the heat exchanger to the immersion tank; and a coolant return line to return the heated coolant from the immersion tank to the heat exchanger, wherein the immersion tank further comprises: a plurality of equipment compartments that accommodate electronic devices; and a heated coolant reservoir disposed around the plurality of equipment compartments, wherein the cooled coolant enters the equipment compartments from the bottom, wherein the heated coolant in the equipment compartments exits the equipment compartments at the top, and is collected into the heated coolant reservoir, and wherein the heated coolant in the heated coolant reservoir is returned to the heat exchanger via the coolant return line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210135174
    Abstract: A battery backup unit module is dimensioned to fit on a height of one rack unit of an electronic rack, and one third of a shelf width of the electronic rack. A cell pack of the battery backup unit module has batteries arranged parallel to the front of the electronic rack. There are 14 groups of battery cells. Each group of battery cells has six battery cells connected in parallel. The 14 groups of battery cells are connected in series. The 14 groups are arranged as two groups in width of the cell pack, one group in height of the cell pack, and seven groups in depth of the cell pack. In each group, the six battery cells are arranged as an upper row three cells deep and a lower row three cells deep.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2019
    Publication date: May 6, 2021
    Inventors: HUAWEI YANG, TIANYI GAO
  • Publication number: 20210126304
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a battery cooling system includes a battery module with cells, liquid pumps, and a heat exchanger. A method, in response to the battery module discharging battery energy, sets a first liquid pump that is configured to push a first liquid coolant warmed by heat generated by the cells into a hot side of the heat exchanger to a first pump speed, and sets a second liquid pump that is configured to push a second liquid coolant into a cold side of the heat exchanger to a second pump speed. The method determines at least one of an adjusted first and second pump speeds by optimizing an objective function based on the first and second pump speeds, a battery discharge current, and a temperature of the second liquid coolant. The objective function is to minimize the power consumption of the system's cooling components which are the first and the second pumps according to one embodiment. The method modifies at least one of the first and second pump speeds according to the adjusted speeds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2019
    Publication date: April 29, 2021
    Inventors: Shuai Shao, Huawei Yang, Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 10980154
    Abstract: A fluid cooling module (or system) for peripheral component interconnect express (PCIE) electronics housed within a chassis is disclosed. The system includes a mounting rail attached to a chassis, a cold/cooling plate having one or more mounting bolts attached to a side of the cold plate, the one or more mounting bolts to lock the cold plate to a fixing channel of the mounting rail to position a surface of the cold plate against a surface of the PCIE electronics, locking teeth of the fixing channels ensure a proper pressure being loaded horizontally on the PCIE electronics by the cold plate, and a fluid loop along a length of the mounting rail to circulate a fluid to the cold plate to cool the PCIE electronics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 10978886
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a BBU includes an array of battery cells, a DC/DC converter coupled to the battery cells, and a first switch logic coupled to the battery cells and the DC/DC converter. The first switch logic is configured to switch the BBU to operate between a first mode and a second mode. When operating in the first mode, the first switch logic causes the output voltage of the DC/DC converter to be provided to an external load. When operating in the second mode, the first switch logic causes the output voltage of the DC/DC converter to be coupled to an internal load for the purpose of determining the health of the battery cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventors: Huawei Yang, Yuan Cao, Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210104788
    Abstract: Thermal management of a backup battery unit for datacenter applications is described. In one embodiment a method includes sending first control signals to a pump and a fan to set default speeds. The method includes collecting a battery discharge current from the battery and an ambient air temperature of the environment proximal to the battery. The method includes calculating an optimal control function based on the battery discharge current and the ambient air temperature. The method also includes determining an adjusted pump speed and an adjusted fan speed based on the optimal control function. The method includes sending the adjusted pump speed to the pump and the adjusted fan speed to the fan. A solution for optimizing the cooling power use of the fan and the pump is proposed and at the same time maintaining thermal conditions of the battery cells under dynamic and static conditions are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2019
    Publication date: April 8, 2021
    Inventors: Shuai SHAO, Huawei YANG, Tianyi GAO