Patents by Inventor Tianyi Gao

Tianyi Gao has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20210185859
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an edge cooling system with an IT container having an edge device partially submerged within a liquid coolant. The device generates heat that is transferred into liquid coolant thereby causing the liquid coolant to vaporize into vapor. The system includes a condenser that condenses vapor into liquid coolant, a vapor buffer configured to buffer and provide vapor to the condenser, a liquid accumulator configured to accumulate condensed liquid coolant and provide liquid coolant to the IT container, a main liquid supply line that couples the condenser and IT container to the liquid accumulator, and a main vapor return line that couples the condenser and IT container to the vapor buffer to create a heat exchanging loop. The system design includes the liquid accumulator and vapor buffer, and functions multiple cooling modes including a supplemental cooling. Each of the components are fully enclosed within an edge container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2019
    Publication date: June 17, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210176889
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a battery backup unit (BBU) with a louver design includes a container, a battery module having one or more battery cells, a first louver at a frontend of the container, a second louver at a backend of the container, and a control mechanism that is coupled to both the first and second louvers and is configured to open and close the louvers. Also, the battery module and the control mechanism are disposed within the container. In another embodiment, a BBU shelf with a similar louver design that includes one or more battery modules may be implemented within an electronic rack.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2019
    Publication date: June 10, 2021
    Inventors: Shuai Shao, Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 11032949
    Abstract: An electronic rack includes an array of server shelves inserted into at least some of a plurality of standard slots of the electronic rack. Each server shelf contains one or more servers and each server includes one or more processors. At least some of the processors are mounted on cold plates for liquid cooling. The electronic rack further includes a liquid manifold shelf inserted into one of the standard slots. The liquid manifold shelf includes a pair of an upstream supply port and an upstream return port and further includes one or more pairs of a downstream inlet port and a downstream outlet port. The upstream supply port is coupled to a facility liquid supply line to receive cooling liquid from an external cooling liquid source and the upstream return port to return the cooling liquid back to the external cooling liquid source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 11019752
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a cooling module includes a base frame, a fluid supply channel disposed on the base frame to receive cooling fluid from an external cooling fluid source, a fluid return channel disposed on the base frame to return the cooling fluid, multiple cold plates disposed on the base frame, wherein the cold plates are to be attached to a plurality of data processing modules. The cooling module also includes multiple distribution channels to distribute the cooling fluid received from the fluid supply channel to the cold plates to exchange heat generated by the heat generating modules and to return the cooling fluid carrying the exchanged heat back to the external cooling fluid source via the fluid return channel. The base frame, the fluid supply and return channels, the fluid distribution channels, and the cold plates are integrated as a single integrated cooling unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210153391
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an electronic rack cooling system includes a liquid manifold and a vapor manifold. The system includes a cold plate configured to mount on a processor of a piece of information technology (IT) equipment for liquid cooling. The cooling device such as the cold plate is coupled to the liquid manifold to receive cooling liquid and is coupled to the vapor manifold that receives vapor produced by the cold plate when heat generated by the processor is transferred into the cooling liquid through the cold plate. The system also includes a heat exchanger coupled to the vapor manifold to receive the vapor and configured to condense the vapor back into cooling liquid. The system also includes a fluid control unit coupled between the liquid manifold and the heat exchanger to create a heat exchanging loop, and configured to circulate the cooling liquid within the heat exchanging loop. Multiple methods of implementing the proposed thermal system and the loop design on a rack and a data center.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2019
    Publication date: May 20, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210153392
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an information technology (IT) equipment cooling system includes an IT cooling module having one or more pieces of IT equipment that is configured to provide IT services and is at least partially submerged within a liquid coolant. While the equipment provides the services, heat is generated and transferred into the coolant thereby causing at least some of the coolant to turn into a vapor. The system also includes a condenser that is positioned above the module and is configured to condense the vapor back into liquid coolant. The system includes return and supply lines that are both coupled to the condenser and to the module to create a heat exchanging loop. The system includes an accumulator that is disposed on the supply line and is configured to accumulate the condensed liquid coolant before the coolant is provided to the module. The accumulator provides backup cooling capacity for the system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2019
    Publication date: May 20, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi GAO
  • Publication number: 20210148608
    Abstract: A cooling system includes an ingress port to receive refrigerant in a vapor form from an evaporator, an egress port to return refrigerant in a liquid form back to the evaporator, a condenser coupled to the ingress port and the egress port, and a compressor coupled to the ingress port and the condenser. When the cooling system operates in a first mode, the condenser is configured to receive and condense the refrigerant from the vapor form into the liquid form and to return the refrigerant in the liquid form to the regress port. When the cooling system operates in a second mode, the compressor is configured to compress the refrigerant in the vapor form and to supply the compressed refrigerant to the condenser to be condensed therein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2019
    Publication date: May 20, 2021
    Inventor: TIANYI GAO
  • Patent number: 11006547
    Abstract: A data center immersion cooling system is described. The system comprises: an immersion tank; a heat exchanger to extract heat from heated coolant and transform heated coolant into cooled coolant; a coolant supply line to supply the cooled coolant from the heat exchanger to the immersion tank; and a coolant return line to return the heated coolant from the immersion tank to the heat exchanger, wherein the immersion tank further comprises: a plurality of equipment compartments that accommodate electronic devices; and a heated coolant reservoir disposed around the plurality of equipment compartments, wherein the cooled coolant enters the equipment compartments from the bottom, wherein the heated coolant in the equipment compartments exits the equipment compartments at the top, and is collected into the heated coolant reservoir, and wherein the heated coolant in the heated coolant reservoir is returned to the heat exchanger via the coolant return line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210135174
    Abstract: A battery backup unit module is dimensioned to fit on a height of one rack unit of an electronic rack, and one third of a shelf width of the electronic rack. A cell pack of the battery backup unit module has batteries arranged parallel to the front of the electronic rack. There are 14 groups of battery cells. Each group of battery cells has six battery cells connected in parallel. The 14 groups of battery cells are connected in series. The 14 groups are arranged as two groups in width of the cell pack, one group in height of the cell pack, and seven groups in depth of the cell pack. In each group, the six battery cells are arranged as an upper row three cells deep and a lower row three cells deep.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2019
    Publication date: May 6, 2021
    Inventors: HUAWEI YANG, TIANYI GAO
  • Publication number: 20210126304
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a battery cooling system includes a battery module with cells, liquid pumps, and a heat exchanger. A method, in response to the battery module discharging battery energy, sets a first liquid pump that is configured to push a first liquid coolant warmed by heat generated by the cells into a hot side of the heat exchanger to a first pump speed, and sets a second liquid pump that is configured to push a second liquid coolant into a cold side of the heat exchanger to a second pump speed. The method determines at least one of an adjusted first and second pump speeds by optimizing an objective function based on the first and second pump speeds, a battery discharge current, and a temperature of the second liquid coolant. The objective function is to minimize the power consumption of the system's cooling components which are the first and the second pumps according to one embodiment. The method modifies at least one of the first and second pump speeds according to the adjusted speeds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2019
    Publication date: April 29, 2021
    Inventors: Shuai Shao, Huawei Yang, Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 10978886
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a BBU includes an array of battery cells, a DC/DC converter coupled to the battery cells, and a first switch logic coupled to the battery cells and the DC/DC converter. The first switch logic is configured to switch the BBU to operate between a first mode and a second mode. When operating in the first mode, the first switch logic causes the output voltage of the DC/DC converter to be provided to an external load. When operating in the second mode, the first switch logic causes the output voltage of the DC/DC converter to be coupled to an internal load for the purpose of determining the health of the battery cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventors: Huawei Yang, Yuan Cao, Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 10980154
    Abstract: A fluid cooling module (or system) for peripheral component interconnect express (PCIE) electronics housed within a chassis is disclosed. The system includes a mounting rail attached to a chassis, a cold/cooling plate having one or more mounting bolts attached to a side of the cold plate, the one or more mounting bolts to lock the cold plate to a fixing channel of the mounting rail to position a surface of the cold plate against a surface of the PCIE electronics, locking teeth of the fixing channels ensure a proper pressure being loaded horizontally on the PCIE electronics by the cold plate, and a fluid loop along a length of the mounting rail to circulate a fluid to the cold plate to cool the PCIE electronics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210104788
    Abstract: Thermal management of a backup battery unit for datacenter applications is described. In one embodiment a method includes sending first control signals to a pump and a fan to set default speeds. The method includes collecting a battery discharge current from the battery and an ambient air temperature of the environment proximal to the battery. The method includes calculating an optimal control function based on the battery discharge current and the ambient air temperature. The method also includes determining an adjusted pump speed and an adjusted fan speed based on the optimal control function. The method includes sending the adjusted pump speed to the pump and the adjusted fan speed to the fan. A solution for optimizing the cooling power use of the fan and the pump is proposed and at the same time maintaining thermal conditions of the battery cells under dynamic and static conditions are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2019
    Publication date: April 8, 2021
    Inventors: Shuai SHAO, Huawei YANG, Tianyi GAO
  • Publication number: 20210100134
    Abstract: An electronic rack includes an array of server shelves inserted into at least some of a plurality of standard slots of the electronic rack. Each server shelf contains one or more servers and each server includes one or more processors. At least some of the processors are mounted on cold plates for liquid cooling. The electronic rack further includes a liquid manifold shelf inserted into one of the standard slots. The liquid manifold shelf includes a pair of an upstream supply port and an upstream return port and further includes one or more pairs of a downstream inlet port and a downstream outlet port. The upstream supply port is coupled to a facility liquid supply line to receive cooling liquid from an external cooling liquid source and the upstream return port to return the cooling liquid back to the external cooling liquid source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2019
    Publication date: April 1, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi GAO
  • Publication number: 20210100135
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a data center air cooling system includes a first information technology (IT) room and a second IT room, each with electronic racks with one or more pieces of IT equipment. The system includes an air cooling unit configured to provide cooling air into an air chamber, which is configured to supply the cooling air to the first IT room. The system includes an air duct system that is configured to supply the cooling air from the air chamber to the second IT room and is configured to return warmed air from the first IT room and the second IT room to the air cooling unit. The system includes several louvers that are each configured to open and close independently and in different combinational modes to create several airflow management modes for cooling pieces of IT equipment in the first IT room, in the second IT room, or a combination thereof. The system may also include one or more fans or fan systems in the design.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2019
    Publication date: April 1, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi Gao
  • Patent number: 10966354
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a liquid cooling module includes a chassis, a supply liquid manifold and a return liquid manifold that are both fluidly coupled to a coolant source, a piece of information technology (IT) equipment that is mounted to the chassis and has an IT component, and a frame structure that includes: a pair of primary beams that are coupled to the chassis, a pair of secondary beams, each secondary beam being coupled to both primary beams, and a cold plate that is coupled to the pair of secondary beams. The plate is arranged to come into direct contact with the component. The plate is fluidly coupled to the supply liquid manifold to receive liquid coolant from the source and is fluidly coupled to the return liquid manifold to return warmed coolant to the source that is produced when heat generated by the component is transferred into the coolant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2021
    Assignee: BAIDU USA LLC
    Inventors: Shuai Shao, Tianyi Gao
  • Publication number: 20210092878
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a cooling device for providing liquid cooling to a processor or a computing hardware/system includes a first cooling plate having a first liquid distribution channel integrated therein. The first cooling plate is to be positioned on a top surface of a processor to extract heat from the top surface of the processor using cooling liquid flowing through the first liquid distribution channel. The cooling device further includes a second cooling plate having a second liquid distribution channel integrated therein. The second cooling plate is to be positioned at a bottom surface of the processor to extract heat from the bottom surface of the processor using cooling liquid flowing through the second liquid distribution channel. The cooling device further includes a mounting mechanism to mount the first and second cooling plates onto top and bottom of the processor to sandwich the process in between with good thermal contact.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2019
    Publication date: March 25, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi GAO
  • Publication number: 20210086589
    Abstract: In one embodiment, an autonomous driving system to autonomously drive an autonomous driving vehicle (ADV) includes one or more processors, a perception module executed by the processors to perceive a driving environment surrounding the ADV, and a planning module executed by the processors to plan a path based on perception data of the driving environment to navigate through the driving environment. The processors are mounted on one or more cold plates coupled to a vehicle cooling system of the ADV, the vehicle cooling system having a first radiator and a first coolant distribution loop coupled to a vehicle engine of the ADV to provide liquid cooling to the vehicle engine. The cold plates are coupled to the first radiator via a second coolant distribution loop to receive a portion of the coolant from the first radiator to extract heat from the cold plates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2019
    Publication date: March 25, 2021
    Inventors: Shuai SHAO, Tianyi GAO
  • Publication number: 20210092874
    Abstract: A dynamically adjustable cooling system is discussed and a system configuration design method is disclosed for cooling airflow management and dispatching. The system includes a first and second IT rooms that include electronic racks with IT components. The system also includes cooling units configured to provide cooling air to the IT components. The system also includes a cooling air supply channel to distribute the cooling air to the IT components. The system also includes multiple louvers installed at different locations such as on supply ports of the cooling units, within the cooling air supply channel, and on entrance ports to the IT rooms which are used for configuring the airflow within the supply channel. Each louver is capable of being opened and closed independently to create multiple different air flow combinations for cooling the IT components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2019
    Publication date: March 25, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi GAO
  • Publication number: 20210092862
    Abstract: Distributed infrastructure and mobile architecture for edge computing are disclosed. For one example, an edge computing container includes a plurality of modules. Each module has plug and play connectivity, and the modules are assembled to provide information technology (IT) space to house IT devices, cooling system, energy source and storage, and power system. The modules can be pre-fabricated and assembled as a single container unit. A source distribution unit (SDU) can assembled on an IT rack and connected to the modules. The single container unit can be loaded in a vehicle or transportation system for transportation in the process of deployment. The modules in the single container unit can also be operational during transportation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2019
    Publication date: March 25, 2021
    Inventor: Tianyi GAO