Silicon Or Germanium Containing Patents (Class 136/261)
  • Patent number: 10749069
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a solar cell, includes forming an oxide layer on first surface of a single crystalline silicon substrate; forming a poly crystalline silicon layer doped with a first dopant having a first conductive type on the oxide layer; diffusing a second dopant having a second conductive type opposite to the first conductive type into a second surface of the single crystalline silicon substrate thereby forming a diffusion region; forming a first passivation layer on the poly crystalline silicon layer; forming a second passivation layer on the diffusion region; forming a first electrode connected to the poly crystalline silicon layer by printing a first paste on the first passivation layer and firing through; forming a second electrode connected to the diffusion region by printing a second paste on the second passivation layer and firing through.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventors: Kwangsun Ji, Jin-won Chung, Yujin Lee
  • Patent number: 10741387
    Abstract: High germanium percentage (40 atomic percent or greater) silicon germanium (SiGe) graded buffer layers are provided in which stacking fault formation and dislocation defect density are drastically suppressed. Notably, a lattice matched heterogeneous semiconductor material interlayer of Ga(As1-yPy) wherein y is from 0 to 1 is formed between each of the SiGe layers of the graded buffer layer to reduce the propagation of threading arm dislocation to the surface and inhibit the formation of stacking faults in each subsequent SiGe layer, and therewith drastically reduce the surface defect density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Alexander Reznicek, Stephen W. Bedell
  • Patent number: 10734582
    Abstract: A method for increasing the speed of aerosol jet assisted printing a layered perovskite structure comprises applying a PEDOT:PSS layer to a substrate; applying an aerosol mist containing methylammonium iodide and lead iodide, with or without additives, atop the PEDOT:PSS layer with an aerosol jet nozzle; and holding the structure to form a methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite thin film layer. The substrate may be an ITO glass or plastic substrate, and the PEDOT:PSS layer may be applied by a process selected from spin-coating, inkjet-printing, slot-die-coating, aerosol jet printing, physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, and electrochemical deposition. The aerosol mist is generated from a single ink comprising all the constituents of methylammonium lead iodide either dissolved or suspended in one or more compatible solvents or co-solvents. The holding of the CH3NH3PbI3 layer may be performed at about 25-120° C. or lower for 96 hours or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Inventors: Santanu Bag, Michael F Durstock
  • Patent number: 10714654
    Abstract: A solar cell includes a semiconductor substrate containing impurities of a first conductive type; a tunnel layer positioned on the semiconductor substrate; an emitter region positioned on the tunnel layer and containing impurities of a second conductive type opposite the first conductive type; a dopant layer positioned on the emitter region and formed of a dielectric material containing impurities of the second conductive type; a first electrode connected to the semiconductor substrate; and a second electrode configured to pass through the dopant layer, and connected to the emitter region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventors: Kwangsun Ji, Jin-won Chung, Yujin Lee
  • Patent number: 10615013
    Abstract: An electron source system utilizing photon enhanced thermionic emission to create a source of well controlled electrons for injection into a series of lenses so that the beam can be fashioned to meet the particular specification for a given use is disclosed. Because of the recent increased understanding and characterization of the bandgap in certain materials, a simplified system can now be realized to overcome the potential barrier at the surface. With this system, only low electric fields with moderate temperatures (˜500 ° C.) are required. The resulting system enables much easier focusing of the electron beam because the random component of the energy of the electrons is much lower than that of a conventional system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Opcondys, Inc.
    Inventor: Kristin Cortella Sampayan
  • Patent number: 10566485
    Abstract: A solar cell includes a first layer having a first-layer lattice parameter, a second layer having a second-layer lattice parameter different from the first-layer lattice parameter, wherein the second layer includes a photoactive second-layer material; and a third layer having a third-layer lattice parameter different from the second-layer lattice parameter, wherein the third layer includes a photoactive third-layer material. A transparent buffer layer extends between and contacts the second layer and the third layer and has a buffer-layer lattice parameter that varies with increasing distance from the second layer toward the third layer, so as to lattice match to the second layer and to the third layer. There may be additional subcell layers and buffer layers in the solar cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: THE BOEING COMPANY
    Inventors: Richard R. King, Christopher M. Fetzer, Peter C. Colter
  • Patent number: 10566143
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes solution methods for manufacturing perovskite halide films for use in solar cells. The methods include the use of additives that facilitate the formation of transitory, intermediate films that are later transformed into the final target perovskite halide films, such that the final films provide improved physical characteristics and operational performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Kai Zhu, Joseph M. Luther, Yixin Zhao
  • Patent number: 10566478
    Abstract: Provided are a thin-film solar cell module structure and a method of manufacturing the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Jeung-Hyun Jeong, Jong-Keuk Park, Won Mok Kim, Seung Hee Han, Doh Kwon Lee
  • Patent number: 10535791
    Abstract: A 2-terminal multi-junction solar cell having a thin film of metal halide semiconductor as the top solar-cell material and crystalline silicon as the bottom solar-cell material. In the illustrative embodiment, the top solar-cell material is a perovskite of the form AM(IxH1-x)3, where A is a cation, preferably methylammonium (CH3NH3), formamidinium ([R2N—CH?NR2]+), or cesium; M is metal, preferably Pb, Sn, Ge; H is a halide, preferably Br or Cl; and x=iodine fraction, in the range of 0 to 1, inclusive. The integration of the two solar-cell materials is enabled by the use of a tunnel junction composed of indirect band-gap material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignees: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Jonathan P. Mailoa, Colin David Bailie, Eric Carl Johlin, Michael David McGehee, Tonio Buonassisi
  • Patent number: 10508236
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention include a luminescent structure including an InxZnyP core, wherein 0<y/x<10, and wherein the core comprises an alloy including both In and Zn, and a shell disposed on a surface of the core, wherein a difference between a lattice constant of the shell and a lattice constant of the core relative to the lattice constant of the shell is less than 1%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: LUMILEDS LLC
    Inventors: Arjan-Jeroen Houtepen, Anne Wiebe Hoekstra, Francesca Pietra, Luca De Trizio, Liberato Manna
  • Patent number: 10508054
    Abstract: A vehicle glazing includes on its surface to be exposed to the exterior atmosphere, at least in a zone not wiped by the windscreen wipers, a mineral oxide layer of 0.1 to 20 ?m thickness, 30 to 90% of the volume of which consists of 20 to 300 nm open pores that are distributed uniformly throughout the thickness of the layer, and almost all of which are connected to one another, the internal and external surface of the layer being functionalized with a compound containing a perfluoroalkyl or alkyl functional group, then saturated with a hydrophobic oil that impregnates the functionalized porous layer and forms a film on the surface thereof, the at least one zone being located facing a detecting device such as an anti-collision/obstacle-detecting/security video camera, or similar, placed in the interior of the vehicle, in particular on the face of the glazing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: SAINT-GOBAIN GLASS FRANCE
    Inventors: Barbara Brudieu, François Guillemot, Jérémie Teisseire
  • Patent number: 10490683
    Abstract: A stacked integrated multi-junction solar cell, having a first subcell, whereby the first subcell has a layer of an InGaP compound with a first lattice constant and a first band gap energy, and the thickness of the layer is greater than 100 nm and the layer is formed as part of an emitter and/or as part of the base and/or as part of the space charge region lying between the emitter and base, and a second subcell with a second lattice constant and a second band gap energy, and a third subcell with a third lattice constant and a third band gap energy, and a fourth subcell with a fourth lattice constant and a fourth band gap energy, and a region with a wafer bond is formed between two subcells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Azur Space Solar Power GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Guter, Gerhard Strobl, Frank Dimroth, Alexandre William Walker
  • Patent number: 10487173
    Abstract: Four conjugated copolymers with a donor/acceptor architecture including 4,4-dihexadecyl-4H-cyclopenta[1,2-b:5,4-b?]dithiophene as the donor structural unit and benzo[2,1,3]thiodiazole fragments with varying degrees of fluorination have been synthesized and characterized. It has been shown that the HOMO levels were decreased after the fluorine substitution. The field-effect charge carrier mobility was similar for all polymers with less than an order of magnitude difference between different acceptor units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Ming Wang, Guillermo C. Bazan
  • Patent number: 10475938
    Abstract: A process for producing conductive pastes for forming solar cell electrodes, including a step of measuring binding energies of oxygen in a glass frit by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, a step of selecting a glass frit providing an X-ray photoelectron spectrum representing binding energies of oxygen in which the signal intensity of a peak with a peak top at a range from 529 eV to less than 531 eV has a proportion of 40% or more relative to the total of signal intensities from 526 eV to 536 eV, and a step of mixing together a conductive powder, the glass frit and an organic vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: NAMICS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Tetsu Takahashi
  • Patent number: 10431393
    Abstract: A method for aerosol-jet printing a layered perovskite structure by applying a PEDOT:PSS layer to a substrate; applying a layer of lead iodide (PbI2) to the PEDOT:PSS layer; and applying an aerosol mist of methylammonium iodide (CH3NH3I) atop the PbI2 layer with an aerosol-jet nozzle to form a CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite film layer. The substrate may be an ITO glass substrate, and the PEDOT:PSS layer may be applied by a process selected from spin-coating, inkjet-printing, slot-die-coating, aerosol-jet printing, physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, and electrochemical deposition. The PbI2 layer may be applied by a process selected from spin-coating, aerosol-jet printing, inkjet-printing, slot-die-coating, physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, and electrochemical deposition, and the PbI2 for application to the PEDOT:PSS layer may be in a solution of DMF, DMSO, ?-butyrolactone, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Santanu Bag, James R. Deneault, Michael F. Durstock
  • Patent number: 10370327
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates ionic liquids which are used as lubricants for medical devices. In some aspects, the ionic liquids of the present disclosure can exhibit antimicrobial or host cell integrative activity or a combination of functionalities. In some aspects, the present disclosure also provides devices coated with the ionic liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignees: Board of Regents, The University of Texas System, Universidade Federal De Santa Maria
    Inventors: Danieli C. Rodrigues, Izabelle de Mello Gindri, Clarissa P. Frizzo, Marcos A. P. Martins
  • Patent number: 10355158
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a solar cell according to an embodiment includes the steps of: forming an emitter layer by ion-implanting a first conductive type dopant to a first surface of a semiconductor substrate; and forming a back surface field layer by ion-implanting a second conductive type dopant to a second surface of the semiconductor substrate. When an additional dopant is a dopant other than the first and second conductive type dopants, an amount of the additional dopant doped during the forming the back surface field layer is larger than an amount of the additional dopant doped during the forming the emitter layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventors: Jungmin Ha, Youngho Choe, Philwon Yoon
  • Patent number: 10340144
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method for doping a substrate, comprising disposing a coating of a composition comprising a copolymer, a dopant precursor and a solvent on a substrate; where the copolymer is capable of phase segregating and embedding the dopant precursor while in solution; and annealing the substrate at a temperature of 750 to 1300° C. for 0.1 second to 24 hours to diffuse the dopant into the substrate. Disclosed herein too is a semiconductor substrate comprising embedded dopant domains of diameter 3 to 30 nanometers; where the domains comprise Group 13 or Group 15 atoms, wherein the embedded spherical domains are located within 30 nanometers of the substrate surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignees: ROHM AND HAAS ELECTRONIC MATERIALS LLC, DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Rachel A. Segalman, Peter Trefonas, III, Bhooshan C. Popere, Andrew T. Heitsch
  • Patent number: 10316247
    Abstract: An atom, molecule, atomic layer, or molecular layer is adhered to a carbon nanotube surface, or the surface is doped with the atom, molecule, atomic layer, or molecular layer, to form a deep localized level so that an exciton is localized. Alternatively, an atom, molecule, inorganic or organic substance of an atomic or molecular layer, a metal, a semiconductor, or an insulator is absorbed to, deposited on, or encapsulated in the carbon tube inside surface to make permittivity of the portion undergoing the absorption, deposition, or encapsulation higher than that of a clean portion free of the absorption, deposition, or encapsulation so that binding energy of the exciton in the clean portion is high, or reduce a band gap of the portion undergoing the absorption, deposition, or encapsulation so that the exciton is confined and localized in the clean portion or the position undergoing the absorption, deposition, or encapsulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: KEIO UNIVERSITY
    Inventor: Hideyuki Maki
  • Patent number: 10283279
    Abstract: A photoelectric conversion device of an embodiment includes, in sequence: a substrate; a first electrode; a photoelectric conversion layer containing a perovskite compound and a solvent; and a second electrode. The perovskite compound has a composition represented by a composition formula of ABX3. The A represents at least one selected from a monovalent cation of a metal element and a monovalent cation of an amine compound. The B represents a bivalent cation of a metal element. The X represents a monovalent anion of a halogen element. The number of molecules of the solvent with respect to one crystal lattice of the perovskite compound ranges from 0.004 to 0.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Hyangmi Jung, Takeshi Gotanda
  • Patent number: 10263135
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a solar cell (1) from crystalline semiconductor material, wherein a first doping region (5) is formed by means of ion implantation (S2) of a first dopant in a first surface (3a) of a semiconductor substrate (3), and a second doping region (7) is formed by means of ion implantation (S3) or thermal indiffusion of a second dopant in the second surface (3b) of the semiconductor substrate. After the doping of the second surface, a cap (9b) acting as an outdiffusion barrier for the second dopant is applied and an annealing step (S4) is subsequently carried out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: ION BEAM SERVICES
    Inventors: Tim Boescke, Daniel Kania, Claus Schoellhorn
  • Patent number: 10256353
    Abstract: A solar cell can include a substrate of a first conductive type; an emitter region which is positioned at a front surface of the substrate and has a second conductive type different from the first conductive type; a back surface field region which is positioned at a back surface opposite the front surface of the substrate; a front passivation region including a plurality of layers which are sequentially positioned on the emitter region; a back passivation region including a plurality of layers which are sequentially positioned on the back surface field region; a front electrode part which passes through the front passivation region and is connected to the emitter region, wherein the front electrode part comprises a plurality of front electrodes that are apart from each other and a front bus bar connecting the plurality of front electrodes; a back electrode part which passes through the back passivation region and is connected to the back surface field region, wherein the back electrode part comprises a plural
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventors: Juhwa Cheong, Yiyin Yu, Youngsung Yang, Yongduk Jin, Manhyo Ha, Seongeun Lee
  • Patent number: 10233338
    Abstract: Intercalation pastes for use with semiconductor devices are disclosed. The pastes contain precious metal particles, intercalating particles, and an organic vehicle and can be used to improve the material properties of metal particle layers. Specific formulations have been developed to be screen-printed directly onto a dried metal particle layer and fired to make a fired multilayer stack. The fired multilayer stack can be tailored to create a solderable surface, high mechanical strength, and low contact resistance. In some embodiments, the fired multilayer stack can etch through a dielectric layer to improve adhesion to a substrate. Such pastes can be used to increase the efficiency of silicon solar cells, specifically multi- and mono-crystalline silicon back-surface field (BSF), and passivated emitter and rear contact (PERC) photovoltaic cells. Other applications include integrated circuits and more broadly, electronic devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: PLANT PV, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian E. Hardin, Erik Sauar, Dhea Suseno, Jesse J. Hinricher, Jennifer Huang, Tom Yu-Tang Lin, Stephen T. Connor, Daniel J. Hellebusch, Craig H. Peters
  • Patent number: 10211345
    Abstract: A transistor including an oxide semiconductor layer can have stable electrical characteristics. In addition, a highly reliable semiconductor device including the transistor is provided. A semiconductor device includes a multi-layer film including an oxide layer and an oxide semiconductor layer, a gate insulating film in contact with the multi-layer film, and a gate electrode overlapping with the multi-layer film with the gate insulating film provided therebetween. In the semiconductor device, the oxide semiconductor layer contains indium, the oxide semiconductor layer is in contact with the oxide layer, and the oxide layer contains indium and has a larger energy gap than the oxide semiconductor layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shunpei Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 10181529
    Abstract: A transistor including an oxide semiconductor layer can have stable electrical characteristics. In addition, a highly reliable semiconductor device including the transistor is provided. A semiconductor device includes a multi-layer film including an oxide layer and an oxide semiconductor layer, a gate insulating film in contact with the multi-layer film, and a gate electrode overlapping with the multi-layer film with the gate insulating film provided therebetween. In the semiconductor device, the oxide semiconductor layer contains indium, the oxide semiconductor layer is in contact with the oxide layer, and the oxide layer contains indium and has a larger energy gap than the oxide semiconductor layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shunpei Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 10164255
    Abstract: A silicon material useful as a negative electrode active material is provided. The silicon material has a band gap within a range of greater than 1.1 eV and not greater than 1.7 eV. A secondary battery in which this silicon material is used as a negative electrode active material has improved initial efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2018
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA JIDOSHOKKI
    Inventors: Takashi Mohri, Masataka Nakanishi, Hiroki Oshima, Masanori Harata, Nobuhiro Goda
  • Patent number: 10128392
    Abstract: Solar cell arrangement of a thin film solar cell array on a substrate; each solar cell being layered with a bottom electrode, a photovoltaic active layer, a top electrode and an insulating layer. A first trench and a second trench parallel to the first trench at a first side, separate a first solar cell and an adjacent second solar cell. The first and second trenches are filled with insulating material. The first trench extends to the substrate. The second trench extends into the photovoltaic active layer below the top electrode. A third trench extending to the bottom electrode is between the first and second trench. A fourth trench extending to the top electrode is at a second side of the first trench. The third and fourth trench are filled with conductive material. A conductive bridge connects the third trench and the fourth trench across the first trench.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Stichting Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland
    Inventors: Johan Bosman, Tristram Budel
  • Patent number: 10121915
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a solar cell includes forming a passivation layer on a rear surface of a substrate of a first conductivity type; forming connecting electrodes having a plurality of electrical contacts that are in contact with the rear surface of the substrate by using a first paste for a first temperature firing on portions of the passivation layer; and forming a rear electrode layer by using a second paste for a second temperature firing on the passivation layer and the plurality of electrical contacts, wherein a temperature of the second temperature firing is lower than a temperature of the first temperature firing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventors: Daeyong Lee, Junyong Ahn, Jihoon Ko
  • Patent number: 10079319
    Abstract: Solar cell fabrication using laser patterning of ion-implanted etch-resistant layers, and the resulting solar cells, are described. In an example, a back contact solar cell includes a maximum concentration of the approximately Gaussian distribution of P-type dopants approximately in the center of each of segmented P-type emitter regions between first and second sides of each of the segmented P-type emitter regions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: SunPower Corporation
    Inventors: Staffan Westerberg, Alejandro Levander, Peter John Cousins
  • Patent number: 10079320
    Abstract: The invention provides an optoelectronic device comprising a porous material, which porous material comprises a semiconductor comprising a perovskite. The porous material may comprise a porous perovskite. Thus, the porous material may be a perovskite material which is itself porous. Additionally or alternatively, the porous material may comprise a porous dielectric scaffold material, such as alumina, and a coating disposed on a surface thereof, which coating comprises the semiconductor comprising the perovskite. Thus, in some embodiments the porosity arises from the dielectric scaffold rather than from the perovskite itself. The porous material is usually infiltrated by a charge transporting material such as a hole conductor, a liquid electrolyte, or an electron conductor. The invention further provides the use of the porous material as a semiconductor in an optoelectronic device. Further provided is the use of the porous material as a photosensitizing, semiconducting material in an optoelectronic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: OXFORD UNIVERSITY INNOVATION LIMITED
    Inventors: Henry Snaith, Michael Lee
  • Patent number: 10062800
    Abstract: A photovoltaic device is presented. The photovoltaic device includes a layer stack; and an absorber layer is disposed on the layer stack. The absorber layer includes selenium, and an atomic concentration of selenium varies non-linearly across a thickness of the absorber layer. A method of making a photovoltaic device is also presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: First Solar, Inc.
    Inventors: Holly Ann Blaydes, Kristian William Andreini, William Hullinger Huber, Eugene Thomas Hinners, Joseph John Shiang, Yong Liang, Jongwoo Choi, Adam Fraser Halverson
  • Patent number: 10030156
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a conductive paste for forming a conductive film, including: (A) a conductive powder; (B) as a first additive, at least one selected from a first group consisting of Se, Te, a compound containing Se, and a compound containing Te; (C) as a second additive, a compound containing at least one element selected from a second group consisting of V, Nb, Ta, Sb, Bi, Mn, Ge, Si, and W; (D) glass frit; (E) an organic binder; and (F) a solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: KYOTO ELEX CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kazuya Takagi, Seiichi Nakatani, Kenichi Harigae, Nobuo Ochiai, Masashi Nakayama, Kairi Otani, Nozomu Hayashida
  • Patent number: 10002977
    Abstract: The invention relates to an electro-conductive paste comprising coarse SiO2 particles in the preparation of electrodes in solar cells, particularly in the preparation of electrodes in MWT solar cells, particularly in the preparation of the metal wrap through, or plug, electrode in such solar cells. In particular, the invention relates to a solar cell precursor, a process for preparing a solar cells, a solar cell and a module comprising solar cells. The invention relates to a solar cell precursor at least comprising as precursor parts: i) a wafer (101) with at least one hole (315) with a Si surface (113); ii) an electro-conductive paste (105) at least comprising as paste constituents: a) metallic particles; b) an inorganic reaction system; c) an organic vehicle; and d) inorganic oxide particles having no glass transition temperature below about 750° C. or a glass transition temperature which is at least about 50° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2018
    Assignee: HERAEUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventors: Lei Wang, Crystal J. Han, Matthias Hörteis
  • Patent number: 9972733
    Abstract: A method for fabricating a solar cell includes providing a first substrate with at least one protruding element on the first substrate. The method removes a portion of a lower conducting layer located on the first substrate, wherein the removed portion of the lower conducting layer is located near the at least one protruding element. The method removes a first portion of an active layer located on the lower conducting layer. The method deposits an upper conducting layer on the active layer, wherein the conducting layer covers the at least one protruding element. The method removes a portion of the upper conducting layer, wherein the removed portion of the upper conducting is located near the at least one protruding element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Hans-Juergen Eickelmann, Ruediger Kellmann, Markus Schmidt
  • Patent number: 9966195
    Abstract: A layered perovskite structure comprising a substrate having an upper surface and a lower surface; and a layer of a perovskite film on the upper surface. A passivating layer may be applied to the upper surface of the substrate to which the perovskite film is attached. The passivating layer comprises at least one a chalcogenide-containing species with the general chemical formula (E3E4)N(E1E2)N?C?X where any one of E1, E2, E3 and E4 is independently selected from C1-C15 organic substituents comprising from 0 to 15 heteroatoms or hydrogen, and X is S, Se or Te, thiourea, thioacetamide, selenoacetamide, selenourea, H2S, H2Se, H2Te, or LXH wherein L is a Cn organic substituent comprising heteroatoms and X?S, Se, or Te. The substrate comprises PEDOT:PSS, and may further comprise a layered glass/ITO/PEDOT:PSS structure. A passivating layer is applied to the PEDOT:PSS layer, and a top electrode may be applied over the perovskite film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Santanu Bag, Michael F. Durstock
  • Patent number: 9966494
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a polycrystalline silicon ingot includes steps of: a) melting a silicon material in a container disposed in a thermal field to form a molten silicon; b) controlling the thermal field to provide heat to the molten silicon from above the container and to solidify a portion of the molten silicon contacting a base part and at least a portion of a wall part proximate to the base part of the container to form a solid silicon crystalline isolation layer; and c) controlling the thermal field to continuously provide heat to the rest of the molten silicon from above the container and to solidify the rest of the molten silicon gradually from a bottom to a top of the rest of the molten silicon to form a polycrystalline silicon ingot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Assignee: AUO CRYSTAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kuo-Chen Ho, Ya-Lu Tsai, Chien-Chia Tseng, Chia-Ying Yang
  • Patent number: 9960287
    Abstract: A passivation layer is deposited on a first portion of a region of the solar cell. A grid line is deposited on a second portion of the region. The passivation layer is annealed to drive chemical species from the passivation layer to deactivate an electrical activity of a dopant in the first portion of the region of the solar cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: PICASOLAR, INC.
    Inventors: Seth Daniel Shumate, Douglas Arthur Hutchings, Hafeezuddin Mohammed, Matthew Young, Scott Little
  • Patent number: 9954128
    Abstract: The present disclosure generally relates to a solar cell device that a first Bragg reflector disposed below a first solar cell and a second Bragg reflector disposed below the first Bragg reflector, wherein the first solar cell comprises a dilute nitride composition and has a first bandgap, wherein the first Bragg reflector is operable to reflect a first range of radiation wavelengths back into the first solar cell and the second Bragg reflector is operable to reflect a third range of wavelengths back into the first solar cell, and the first Bragg reflector and the second Bragg reflector are operable to cool the solar cell device by reflecting a second range of radiation wavelengths that are outside the photogeneration wavelength range of the first solar cell or that are weakly absorbed by the first solar cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: THE BOEING COMPANY
    Inventors: Richard R. King, Moran Haddad, Philip T. Chiu, Xingquan Liu, Christopher M. Fetzer
  • Patent number: 9938153
    Abstract: Embodiments herein provide a method of preparing Silicon (Si) from sand (SiO2).The method includes preparing sand particles with a size less than 50 microns. Further, the method includes obtaining Magnesium (Mg) particles with a size in range of 105-150 microns. Further, the method includes mixing sand and Mg particles in a predefined ratio to obtain a Sand-Magnesium (SM) mixture. Further, the method includes subjecting the SM mixture to heating at a temperature for a predefined time to obtain Si sample. Further, the method includes identifying un-reacted portion of Mg and sand particles. Furthermore, the method includes purifying byproducts of magnesium as well as un-reacted-magnesium and silica to obtain pure Si.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY BOMBAY
    Inventors: Mohammad Furquan, Savithri Vijayalakshmi, Sagar Mitra
  • Patent number: 9939511
    Abstract: A method of preparing an iron-implanted semiconductor wafer for use in surface photovoltage iron mapping and other evaluation techniques. A semiconductor wafer is implanted with iron through the at least two different regions of the front surface of the semiconductor at different iron implantation densities, and the iron-implanted semiconductor wafer is annealed at a temperature and duration sufficient to diffuse implanted iron into the bulk region of the semiconductor wafer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: SunEdison Semiconductor Limited
    Inventors: Igor Rapoport, Robert James Crepin, Patrick Alan Taylor
  • Patent number: 9935296
    Abstract: A display device includes: light emitting units; a light absorbing unit that surrounds each of the light emitting units; and a low-reflection layer provided on the surfaces of the light emitting units and the surface of the light absorbing unit. The surface of the light absorbing unit is a corrugated surface that diffuses light, and the low-reflection layer is formed along the corrugated surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Eigo Kubota, Jianglin Yue
  • Patent number: 9929297
    Abstract: A solar cell and a method for manufacturing the same are discussed. The solar cell includes a substrate containing impurities of a first conductive type, an emitter region which is positioned at a front surface of the substrate and contains impurities of a second conductive type opposite the first conductive type, a back passivation layer which is positioned on a back surface of the substrate and has openings, a back surface field region containing impurities of the first conductive type, a first electrode connected to the emitter region, and a second electrode connected to the back surface field region. The back surface field region includes a first back surface field region positioned on the back passivation layer and a second back surface field region, which is positioned at the back surface of the substrate exposed by the openings of the back passivation layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventors: Eunhye Youn, Sangwook Park, Seunghwan Shim, Yujin Lee
  • Patent number: 9923161
    Abstract: A high-efficiency solar cell including an Indium, Gallium, Aluminum and Nitrogen (in a combination comprising InGaN, or InAlN, or InGaAlN) alloy which may be blended with a polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) material, and which may include an absorption-enhancing layer including one of more of carbon nanotubes, quantum dots, and undulating or uneven surface topography.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory T. Daly, Michael P. Whelan, Robert C. Bowen, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9911893
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a polycrystalline silicon ingot includes steps of: a) melting a silicon material in a container disposed in a thermal field to form a molten silicon; b) controlling the thermal field to provide heat to the molten silicon from above the container and to solidify a portion of the molten silicon contacting a base part and at least a portion of a wall part proximate to the base part of the container to form a solid silicon crystalline isolation layer; and c) controlling the thermal field to continuously provide heat to the rest of the molten silicon from above the container and to solidify the rest of the molten silicon gradually from a bottom to a top of the rest of the molten silicon to form a polycrystalline silicon ingot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: AUO CRYSTAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kuo-Chen Ho, Ya-Lu Tsai, Chien-Chia Tseng, Chia-Ying Yang
  • Patent number: 9871156
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a solar cell, including the steps of: forming an SiNx film over a second principal surface of an n-type semiconductor substrate; forming a p-type diffusion layer over a first principal surface of the n-type semiconductor substrate after the SiNx film forming step; and forming an SiO2 film or an aluminum oxide film over the p-type diffusion layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takenori Watabe, Hiroyuki Otsuka
  • Patent number: 9853180
    Abstract: A multijunction solar cell including an upper first solar subcell; a second solar subcell adjacent to the first solar subcell; a first graded interlayer adjacent to the second solar subcell; a third solar subcell adjacent to the first graded interlayer such that the third subcell is lattice mismatched with respect to the second subcell. A second graded interlayer is provided adjacent to the third solar subcell, and a lower fourth solar subcell is provided adjacent to the second graded interlayer, such that the fourth subcell is lattice mismatched with respect to the third subcell. An encapsulating layer composed of silicon nitride or titanium oxide disposed on the top surface of the solar cell, and an antireflection coating layer disposed over the encapsulating layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: SolAero Technologies Corp.
    Inventor: Arthur Cornfeld
  • Patent number: 9837575
    Abstract: The present invention provides a boron diffusion layer forming method capable of sufficiently oxidizing a boron silicide layer formed on a silicon substrate to remove it and obtaining a high-quality boron silicate glass layer. The present invention is a boron diffusion layer forming method of forming a boron diffusion layer on a silicon substrate by a boron diffusion process, the process including a first step of thermally diffusing boron on the silicon substrate and a second step of oxidizing a boron silicide layer formed on the silicon substrate at the first step, wherein the second step has a state at a temperature of 900° C. or higher and a treatment temperature at the first step or lower, for 15 minutes or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: PANASONIC PRODUCTION ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takayuki Ogino, Shinobu Gonsui, Futoshi Kato, Shogo Tasaka, Ryota Aono, Ryosuke Oku, Yasuyuki Kano, Shinji Goda, Naoki Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 9754980
    Abstract: An imaging device with excellent imaging performance is provided. An imaging device that easily performs imaging under a low illuminance condition is provided. A low power consumption imaging device is provided. An imaging device with small variations in characteristics between its pixels is provided. A highly integrated imaging device is provided. A photoelectric conversion element includes a first electrode, and a first layer, a second layer, and a third layer. The first layer is provided between the first electrode and the third layer. The second layer is provided between the first layer and the third layer. The first layer contains selenium. The second layer contains a metal oxide. The third layer contains a metal oxide and also contains at least one of a rare gas atom, phosphorus, and boron. The selenium may be crystalline selenium. The second layer may be a layer of an In—Ga—Zn oxide including c-axis-aligned crystals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2017
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shunpei Yamazaki, Yusuke Nonaka, Riho Kataishi, Hiroshi Ohki, Yuichi Sato, Daisuke Matsubayashi
  • Patent number: 9735365
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a novel polymer compound and a method for preparing the same. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to a novel conductive low band gap electron donor polymer compound having high photon absorptivity and improved hole mobility, a method for preparing the same and an organic photovoltaic cell containing the same. Since the conductive polymer compound as a low band gap electron donor exhibits high photon absorptivity and superior hole mobility, it can be usefully used as a material for an organic optoelectronic device such as an organic photodiode (OPD), an organic thin-film transistor (OTFT), an organic light-emitting diode (OLED), an organic photovoltaic cell, etc. as well as in the development of a n-type material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Bong Soo Kim, Hyo Sang Lee, Hong Gon Kim, Min Jae Ko, Doh-Kwon Lee, Jin Young Kim, Hae Jung Son
  • Patent number: 9692209
    Abstract: In a method of forming a photonic device, a first silicon electrode is formed, and then a germanium active layer is formed on the first silicon electrode while including n-type dopant atoms in the germanium layer, during formation of the layer, to produce a background electrical dopant concentration that is greater than an intrinsic dopant concentration of germanium. A second silicon electrode is then formed on a surface of the germanium active layer. The formed germanium active layer is doped with additional dopant for supporting an electrically-pumped guided mode as a laser gain medium with an electrically-activated n-type electrical dopant concentration that is greater than the background dopant concentration to overcome electrical losses of the photonic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Jonathan T. Bessette, Yan Cai, Rodolfo E. Camacho-Aguilera, Jifeng Liu, Lionel Kimerling, Jurgen Michel