Rare Earth Meal Containing Patents (Class 148/331)
  • Patent number: 10538824
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are a steel sheet having excellent aging resistance and low yield ratio properties, and a method for producing the same. The disclosed sheet comprises, by weight, 0.005-0.06% carbon (C), 0.2% or less silicon (Si), 1.0-2.0% manganese (Mn), 0.08% or less phosphorus (P), 0.01% or less sulfur (S), 0.2-2.0% aluminum (Al), one or more of chromium (Cr) and molybdenum (Mo) in an amount satisfying 0.3?[Cr wt %]+0.3[Mo wt %]?2.0, and 0.008% or less nitrogen (N), with the remainder being iron (Fe) and inevitable impurities, and has a single-phase structure of ferrite in a hot-rolled state, and a two-phase structure of ferrite and martensite in a cold-rolled state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: Hyundai Steel Company
    Inventors: Chun Ku Kang, Jin Sung Park, Nam Hoon Goo, Seong Ju Kim
  • Patent number: 10329636
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet having good ductility, hole expandability, and delayed fracture resistance and being excellent in material homogeneity. The steel sheet has a chemical composition containing, in mass %, C: 0.15 to 0.25%, Si: 1.2 to 2.2%, Mn: 1.7 to 2.5%, P: 0.05% or less, S: 0.005% or less, Al: 0.01 to 0.10%, N: 0.006% or less, Ti: 0.003 to 0.030%, B: 0.0002 to 0.0050%, and Fe and inevitable impurities. The steel sheet has a microstructure that includes ferrite having an average crystal grain diameter of 4 ?m or less at a volume fraction of 5 to 20%, retained austenite at a volume fraction of 5% or less, including 0%, and tempered martensite at a volume fraction of 80 to 95%. Additionally, the mean free path of the ferrite is 3.0 to 7.5 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Katsutoshi Takashima, Kohei Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 10131976
    Abstract: A cold-rolled flat steel product for deep drawing applications is disclosed, composed of a steel which, in addition to Fe and unavoidable impurities (in % by weight) contains C: <0.1%, Al: 6.5-11%, REM: 0.02-0.2%, P: <0.1%, S: <0.03%, N: <0.1% and optionally one or more elements from the group of “Mn, Si, Nb, Ti, Mo, Cr, Zr, V, W, Co, Ni, B, Cu, Ca, N”, provided that Mn: <6%, Si: <1%, Nb: <0.3%, Ti: <0.3%, Zr: <1%, V: <1%, V: <1%, Mo: <1%, Cr: <3%, Co: <1%, Ni: <2%, B: <0.1%, Cu: <3%, Ca: <0.015%. For production of such a flat steel product, a steel of appropriate composition is cast to give a pre-product, which is then hot-rolled to hot strip at a hot rolling end temperature of 820-1000° C. The latter is subsequently wound at a winding temperature of up to 850° C., after winding annealed at an annealing temperature of >650-1200° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: Thyssenkrupp Steel Europe AG
    Inventors: Dorothée Dorner, Christian Höckling, Harald Hofmann, Magnus Miller, Matthias Schirmer, Jonas Schwabe, Alexander Zimmermann
  • Patent number: 9982331
    Abstract: An abrasion resistant steel plate which possesses excellent abrasion resistance, excellent low-temperature toughness and excellent corrosive wear resistance. The abrasion resistant steel plate has the composition comprising by mass %: 0.10% to 0.20% C, 0.05% to 1.00% Si, 0.1% to 2.0% Mn, 0.020% or less P, 0.005% or less S, 0.005% to 0.100% Al, one or two kinds of components selected from a group consisting of 0.05% to 2.0% Cr and 0.05% to 1.0% Mo, and remaining Fe and unavoidable impurities as a balance. Content of solute Cr in steel (Crsol) and the content of solute Mo in steel (Mosol) satisfy the formula 0.05?(Crsol+2.5Mosol)?2.0. Steel plate has a structure where an as-quenched martensitic phase forms a main phase and a grain size of prior austenite grains is 30 ?m or less, and surface hardness of the steel plate is 360 or more at Brinel hardness HBW10/3000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinichi Miura, Keiji Ueda, Nobuyuki Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 9644252
    Abstract: A hot stamped high strength part in which the propagation of cracks which form at the plating layer at the time of hot stamping when hot stamping aluminum plated steel sheet is suppressed and the post painting anticorrosion property is excellent even without adding special ingredient elements which suppress formation of cracks in an aluminum plating layer is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jun Maki, Kazuhisa Kusumi, Masayuki Abe, Masao Kurosaki
  • Patent number: 9458534
    Abstract: A method to increase the damping of a substrate using a face-centered cubic ferromagnetic damping coating having high damping loss attributes when a strain amplitude is 500-2000 micro-strain, and/or maximum damping loss attributes that occurs when the strain amplitude is greater than 250 micro-strain, and a turbine component having a face-centered cubic ferromagnetic damping coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Inventor: Mo-How Herman Shen
  • Patent number: 9359653
    Abstract: A secondary hardening steel alloy substantially lacking Cobalt is disclosed. In spite of the substantial lack of Cobalt, a steel alloy of the present disclosure has a low Stage II crack growth, and a high fracture toughness. Applications of a steel alloy of the present disclosure include structural applications, including aircraft landing gear.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2016
    Assignee: Carnegie Mellon University
    Inventor: Warren M. Garrison, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9109274
    Abstract: The steel plate of the invention is a high-tension steel plate that has a tensile strength of 1100 MPa or more and is excellent in base metal toughness and HAZ toughness and preferably in abrasion resistance. The steel plate satisfies a predetermined requirement of components in the steel. The Ceq (IIW) represented by the following equation ranges from 0.40 to 0.45 both inclusive: Ceq(IIW)=[C]+{?×[Mn]}+{?×([Cr]+[Mo]+[V])}+{ 1/15+([Cu]+[Ni])} in which each parenthesis-symbol [ ] means the content by percentage of an element in the parentheses. Oxide grains having a maximum diameter of 2 ?m or less are present in a number density of 200/mm2 or more in the steel. The steel is composed of 29% or more by volume of martensite microstructure, and bainite microstructure as the balance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventor: Hiroaki Kou
  • Publication number: 20150144231
    Abstract: In a steel sheet having a specific chemical composition and having a microstructure including ferrite that is a soft first phase by 20-50% in terms of the area ratio, the remainder being tempered martensite and/or tempered bainite that is a hard second phase, the microstructure of steel of a surface layer section of the steel sheet from the surface to the depth of 100 ?m and a center section of t/4-3t/4 (t is the sheet thickness) is controlled.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Tomokazu Masuda, Katsura Kajihara, Toshio Murakami, Masaaki Miura, Muneaki Ikeda
  • Publication number: 20150114524
    Abstract: In a high strength cold-rolled steel plate having a specific chemical composition, a soft first phase (ferrite) has an area ratio of 20-50%, the remainder being a hard second phase (tempered martensite and/or tempered bainite), among all the ferrite grains, ferrite grains that have an average grain diameter of 10-25 ?m account for a total area ratio of 80% or more, the number of the cementite grains that have an equivalent circle diameter of 0.3 ?m or more is more than 0.15 piece and 1.0 piece or less per 1 ?m2 of ferrite, and the tensile strength is 980 MPa or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Tomokazu Masuda, Katsura Kajihara, Toshio Murakami, Masaaki Miura, Muneaki Ikeda
  • Patent number: 9011614
    Abstract: A high-strength galvanized steel sheet has excellent mechanical properties such as a TS of 1200 MPa or more, an El of 13% or more, and a hole expansion ratio of 50% or more and a method for manufacturing the same. A high-strength galvanized steel sheet excellent in formability contains 0.05% to 0.5% C, 0.01% to 2.5% Si, 0.5% to 3.5% Mn, 0.003% to 0.100% P, 0.02% or less S, and 0.010% to 0.5% Al on a mass basis, the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and has a microstructure which contains 0% to 10% ferrite, 0% to 10% martensite, and 60% to 95% tempered martensite on an area basis as determined by structure observation and which further contains 5% to 20% retained austenite as determined by X-ray diffractometry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Tatsuya Nakagaito, Saiji Matsuoka, Yoshitsugu Suzuki, Yuki Toji
  • Patent number: 9005378
    Abstract: Disclosed is a spring steel wire rod that comprises C in a range of 0.35 to 0.65% (mass %, the same applies to respective elements described hereinafter), Si in a range of 1.4 to 2.2%, Mn in a range of 0.10 to 1.0%, Cr in a range of 0.1 to 2.0%, P not more than 0.025% (0% excluded), and S not more than 0.025% (0% excluded), balance comprising iron, and unavoidable impurities, wherein an average grain size Dc of a central part of the steel wire rod is not more than 80 ?m while an average grain size Ds of a surface layer part of the steel wire rod is not less than 3.0 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takuya Kochi, Shogo Murakami, Takeshi Kuroda, Hiromichi Tsuchiya
  • Publication number: 20150075680
    Abstract: A steel sheet suitable as a starting material for a vehicle impact absorbing member with high absorption of impact energy and resistance to cracking contains, by mass %, C: 0.08-0.30%, Mn: 1.5-3.5%; Si+Al: 0.50-3.0%, P: 0.10% or less, S: at most 0.010%, and N: at most 0.010%, and optionally, one or more types selected from Cr: at most 0.5%, Mo: at most 0.5%, B: at most 0.010%, Ti: less than 0.04%, Nb: less than 0.030%, V: less than 0.5%, Ca: at most 0.010%, Mg: at most 0.010%, REM: at most 0.050%, and Bi: at most 0.050%. The microstructure contains, by area %, bainite: more than 50%, martensite: 3-30%, and retained austenite: 3-15%, the remainder comprising ferrite having an average grain diameter of less than 5 mm. The product of uniform elongation and hole expansion ratio is at least 300%2 and 5% effective flow stress is at least 900 MPa.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Yasuaki Tanaka, Kaori Kawano, Masahito Tasaka, Yoshiaki Nakazawa, Takuya Nishio, Masayuki Wakita, Jun Haga, Toshiro Tomida
  • Publication number: 20150047750
    Abstract: The problem to be addressed is to achieve a bearing steel for obtaining a bearing component having further increased rolling-contact fatigue life. The bearing steel satisfies a predetermined chemical composition, and Si (boundary Si), Mn (boundary Mn), Cr (boundary Cr), Cu (boundary Cu), Ni (boundary Ni), and Mo (boundary Mo) included in a matrix phase region (boundary surface region) from the surface of spheroidized cementite to 20 nm away satisfy the formula (1) below. 9.0?1.4×boundary Si+1.8×boundary Mn+5.5×boundary Cu+4.2×boundary Ni+4.8×boundary Cr+5.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Masaki Kaizuka, Yosuke Shindo, Manabu Fujita
  • Patent number: 8951366
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet includes, by mass %, C: 0.10% to 0.40%, Mn: 0.5% to 4.0%, Si: 0.005% to 2.5%, Al: 0.005% to 2.5%, Cr: 0% to 1.0%, and a balance of iron and inevitable impurities, in which an amount of P is limited to 0.05% or less, an amount of S is limited to 0.02% or less, an amount of N is limited to 0.006% or less, the microstructure includes 2% to 30% of retained austenite by area percentage, martensite is limited to 20% or less by area percentage in the microstructure, an average particle size of cementite is 0.01 ?m to 1 ?m, and 30% to 100% of the cementite has an aspect ratio of 1 to 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Kohichi Sano, Chisato Wakabayashi, Hiroyuki Kawata, Riki Okamoto, Naoki Yoshinaga, Kaoru Kawasaki, Natsuko Sugiura, Nobuhiro Fujita
  • Publication number: 20150037610
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet includes a composition having controlled amounts of carbon, silicon, manganese, phosphorous, sulfur, titanium, niobium, sol. Aluminum, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, boron, calcium, REM, and iron. A microstructure thereof has a main phase of ferrite of at least 40 area %, and a second phase of a low-temperature transformation phase consisting either or both of martensite and bainite, which comprises at least 10 area % in total and retained austenite (?) at least comprising 3 area %. An average grain diameter of ferrite has a tilt angle of at least 15° is at most 5.0 mm, an average grain diameter of the low-temperature transformation-produced phase is at most 2.0 mm, an average grain diameter of lump-like retained ? having an aspect ratio of less than 5 is at most 1.5 mm, and an area fraction of the lump-like retained ? relative to the retained ? is at least 50%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Kengo Hata, Toshiro Tomida, Norio Imai, Jun Haga, Takuya Nishio
  • Patent number: 8945719
    Abstract: This steel plate for cold forging includes a hot-rolled steel plate, wherein the hot-rolled steel plate includes: in terms of percent by mass, C: 0.13% to 0.20%; Si: 0.01% to 0.8%; Mn: 0.1% to 2.5%; P: 0.003% to 0.030%; S: 0.0001% to 0.008%; Al: 0.01% to 0.07%; N: 0.0001% to 0.02%; and O: 0.0001% to 0.0030%, with a remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities, an A value represented by the following formula (1) is in a range of 0.0080 or less, a thickness of the hot-rolled steel plate is in a range of 2 mm to 25 mm, and an area percentage of pearlite bands having lengths of 1 mm or more in a region of 4/10t to 6/10t when a plate thickness is indicated by t in a cross section of a plate thickness that is parallel to a rolling direction of the hot-rolled steel plate is in a range of not more than a K value represented by the following formula (2), A value=O%+S%+0.033Al%??(1) K value=25.5×C%+4.5×Mn%?6??(2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Masayuki Abe, Kengo Takeda, Shuji Yamamoto, Yasushi Tsukano, Shinichi Yamaguchi
  • Publication number: 20150027593
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet having excellent ductility and stretch flangeability includes: a chemical composition consisting, in mass %, C: 0.06 to 0.3, Si: 0.6 to 2.5%, Mn: 0.6 to 3.5%, P: at most 0.1%, S: at most 0.05%, Ti: 0 to 0.08%, Nb: 0 to 0.04%, total of Ti and Nb: 0 to 0.10%, sol.Al: 0 to 2.0%, Cr: 0 to 1%, Mo: 0 to 0.3%, V: 0 to 0.3%, B: 0 to 0.005%, Ca: 0 to 0.003%, REM: 0 to 0.003% and the remainder of Fe and impurities; a microstructure having a main phase including at least 40 area % in total of martensite and/or bainite; and a texture in which proportion of an average X-ray intensity in an {100}<011> to {211}<011> orientations relative to an average X-ray intensity of a random structure not having a texture is less than 6.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Kengo Hata, Toshiro Tomida, Norio Ima, Jun Haga, Takuya Nishio
  • Publication number: 20150030879
    Abstract: A semi-manufactured steel material has a chemical composition including, by mass %, C: 0.055% to 0.15%, Si: not more than 0.2%, Mn: not more than 1.3%, P: not more than 0.03%, S: not more than 0.007%, Al: not more than 0.1%, N: not more than 0.01%, and Ti: 0.14% to 0.30%, the balance comprising Fe and inevitable impurities. In the composition, 1.0 ([C]/12)/([Ti*]/48) is satisfied ([C], [S], [N] and [Ti]: contents (mass %) of the respective elements, and [Ti*]=[Ti]?3.4×[N]?1.5×[S]), and the contents of niobium and boron as impurities are limited to Nb: less than 0.03% and B: less than 0.0005%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 25, 2012
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Noriaki Kosaka, Yoshimasa Funakawa, Masato Shigemi, Hidekazu Ookubo, Tokunori Kanemura
  • Publication number: 20150017471
    Abstract: There are provided a high-strength hot-rolled steel sheet securing low-temperature toughness and having excellent stretch flangeability by controlling a structural fraction and a hardness difference among structures, and a manufacturing method thereof. A hot-rolled steel sheet contains: C: 0.01 to 0.2%; Si: 0.001 to 2.5% or less; Mn: 0.10 to 4.0% or less; P: 0.10% or less; S: less than 0.03%; Al: 0.001 to 2.0%; N: less than 0.01%; Ti: (0.005+48/14[N]+48/32[S]) % or more and 0.3% or less; Nb: 0 to 0.06%; Cu: 0 to 1.2%; Ni: 0 to 0.6%; Mo: 0 to 1%; V: 0 to 0.2%; Cr: 0 to 2%; Mg: 0 to 0.01%; Ca: 0 to 0.01%; REM: 0 to 0.1%; and B: 0 to 0.002%, and has: an texture in which, at a central portion of a sheet thickness located between ? to ? thickness positions of the sheet thickness from a surface of the steel sheet, an average value of X-ray random intensity ratios of a group of {100}<011> to {223}<110> orientations of a sheet plane is 6.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Hiroshi Shuto, Tatsuo Yokoi, Yuuki Kanzawa, Nobuhiro Fujita, Ryohta Niiya, Shinya Saitoh
  • Patent number: 8932414
    Abstract: Disclosed is a high-strength steel plate with excellent warm workability that has a component composition comprising, in mass %, 0.05 to 0.4% C, 0.5 to 3% Si+Al, 0.5 to 3% Mn, no more than 0.15% P (not including 0%), and no more than 0.02% S (including 0%), with the remainder comprising iron and impurities, and a composition that includes a total of 45 to 80% martensite and/or bainitic ferrite in terms of the area ratio relative to the entire composition, 5 to 40% polygonal ferrite in terms of the area ratio relative to the entire composition, and 5 to 20% retained austenite in terms of the area ratio relative to the entire composition, wherein the C concentration (C?R) within said residual austenite is in the range of 0.6 mass % to less than 1.0 mass %, and that furthermore may include bainite. In the high-strength steel plate, TRIP effects are achieved to the fullest extent in warm working, and increased ductility over prior steel plates is reliably achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideo Hata, Toshio Murakami, Yukihiro Utsumi
  • Publication number: 20150010775
    Abstract: A hot stamped steel according to the present invention satisfies an expression of (5×[Si]+[Mn])/[C]>11 when [C] represents an amount of C by mass %, [Si] represents an amount of Si by mass %, and [Mn] represents an amount of Mn by mass %, a metallographic structure after hot stamping includes 40% to 90% of a ferrite and 10% to 60% of a martensite in an area fraction, a total of an area fraction of the ferrite and an area fraction of the martensite is 60% or more, a hardness of the martensite measured with a nanoindenter satisfies an H2/H1<1.10 and ?HM<20, and TS×?, which is a product of a tensile strength TS and a hole expansion ratio ? is 50000 MPa·% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Toshiki Nonaka, Satoshi Kato, Kaoru Kawasaki, Toshimasa Tomokiyo
  • Publication number: 20140377582
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet includes, as a component composition, by mass %: C: 0.075% to 0.300%; Si: 0.30% to 2.50%; Mn: 1.30% to 3.50%; P: 0.001% to 0.050%; S: 0.0001% to 0.0100%; Al: 0.001% to 1.500%; and N: 0.0001% to 0.0100%, in which a surface microstructure contains residual austenite of 3% to 10% and ferrite of 90% or less by volume fraction, an inner microstructure at a depth of t/4 from the surface assuming that a sheet thickness is t contains residual austenite of 3% to 20% by volume fraction, a ratio Hvs/Hvb between a surface hardness Hvs of the steel sheet surface and a hardness Hvb at a depth of ¼ of the thickness is more than 0.75 to 0.90, and a maximum tensile strength is 700 MPa or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Masafumi Azuma, Takayuki Nozaki, Chisato Wakabayashi, Koichi Sato, Hiroyuki Kawata, Nobuhiro Fujita
  • Publication number: 20140370329
    Abstract: When the amount of C, the amount of Si and the amount of Mn are respectively represented by [C], [Si] and [Mn] in unit mass %, the cold rolled steel sheet satisfies a relationship of (5×[Si]+[Mn])/[C]>10, the metallographic structure contains, by area ratio, 40% to 90% of a ferrite and 10% to 60% of a martensite, further contains one or more of 10% or less of a pearlite by area ratio, 5% or less of a retained austenite by volume ratio and 20% or less of a bainite by area ratio, the hardness of the martensite measured using a nanoindenter satisfies H20/H10<1.10 and ?HM0<20, and TS×? representing the product of TS that is a tensile strength and ? that is a hole expansion ratio is 50000 MPa·% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Toshiki Nonaka, Satoshi Kato, Kaoru Kawasaki, Toshimasa Tomokiyo
  • Publication number: 20140363696
    Abstract: A high-strength hot rolled steel sheets with excellent stretch flangeability has small variations in mechanical properties in individual coils. Variations in strength from place to place in a coil are decreased by minimally reducing the Si and Mn contents to suppress the occurrence of problems such as segregation. Further, the microstructure of the steel sheets is configured such that a ferrite phase represents an area ratio of not less than 95%, the ferrite crystal grains have an average grain size of not less than 1 ?m, and the ferrite crystal grains contain TiC with an average particle size of not more than 7 nm dispersed in the crystal grains.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Yoshimasa Funakawa, Tetsuo Yamamoto, Hiroshi Uchomae, Hiroshi Nakano, Taro Kizu
  • Publication number: 20140360634
    Abstract: A hot rolled steel sheet having a chemical composition containing, by mass %, C: 0.04% or more and 0.20% or less, Si: 0.7% or more and 2.3% or less, Mn: 0.8% or more and 2.8% or less, P: 0.1% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Al: 0.1% or less, N: 0.008% or less, and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities. The microstructure of the hot rolled steel sheet includes ferrite and pearlites, in which the area ratio of the ferrite is 75% or more and less than 95%, the mean grain size of the ferrite is 5 ?m or more and 25 ?m or less, the area ratio of pearlite is 5% or more and less than 25%, the mean grain size of pearlite is 2.0 ?m or more, and the mean free path of pearlite is 5 ?m or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Applicant: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiyasu Kawasaki, Shinjiro Kaneko, Yasunobu Nagataki
  • Publication number: 20140352852
    Abstract: The steel sheet has a chemical composition containing, by mass %, C: 0.04-0.08%, Si: 0.50% or less, Mn: 0.8-2.2%, P: 0.02% or less, S: 0.006% or less, Al: 0.1% or less, N: 0.008% or less, and Cr: 0.05-0.8%, and further Nb: 0.01-0.08%, V: 0.001-0.12%, and Ti: 0.005-0.04% in adjusted amounts, with the balance including Fe and incidental impurities. The steel sheet has a surface layer having a microstructure containing bainite as a main phase, martensite as a second phase in a volume fraction of 0.5-4%, and at lease one of ferrite phase, pearlite, and cementite as a third phase in a total volume fraction of 10% or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Hiroshi Nakata, Tomoaki Shibata, Chikara Kami
  • Publication number: 20140338801
    Abstract: A high-strength hot-rolled steel sheet including a chemical composition containing, in percent by mass, 0.05% to 0.12% of C, 0.05% to 1.0% of Si, 0.5% to 1.8% of Mn, 0.04% or less of P, 0.0030% or less of S, 0.005% to 0.07% of Al, 0.006% or less of N, 0.05% to 0.15% of Ti, and the balance being Fe and incidental impurities, in which, in a region in the range of ? to ? of the sheet thickness, the content of Ti*, which is Ti existing as precipitates, is 0.3×[Ti] to 0.6×[Ti], where [Ti] is the Ti content, and the steel sheet has a microstructure in which the area fraction of the bainite phase in the entire structure is more than 95%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Katsumi Nakajima, Hayato Saito, Yoshimasa Funakawa
  • Publication number: 20140342185
    Abstract: A cold rolled steel sheet according to the present invention satisfies an expression of (5×[Si]+[Mn])/[C]>11 when [C] represents an amount of C by mass %, [Si] represents an amount of Si by mass %, and [Mn] represents an amount of Mn by mass %, a metallographic structure before hot stamping includes 40% to 90% of a ferrite and 10% to 60% of a martensite in an area fraction, a total of an area fraction of the ferrite and an area fraction of the martensite is 60% or more, a hardness of the martensite measured with a nanoindenter satisfies an H2/H1<1.10 and ?HM<20 before the hot stamping, and TS×? which is a product of a tensile strength TS and a hole expansion ratio ? is 50000 MPa·% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: Toshiki Nonaka, Satoshi Kato, Kaoru Kawasaki, Toshimasa Tomokiyo
  • Publication number: 20140342184
    Abstract: The present invention provides a high-strength steel sheet having a tensile strength of 980 MPa or more and also excellent bending property stably over the entire steel sheet, due to a predetermined chemical composition in combination with a specific microstructure wherein an average crystallized grain diameter of ferrite phase is 10 ?m or less, a volume fraction of ferrite phase is within the range from 30% to 70%, a volume fraction of the total of martensite and retained austenite phases is 10% or less, and a ratio of interphases each having an interphase nano-hardness difference within 4 GPa is 90% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shusaku Takagi, Shinjiro Kaneko
  • Patent number: 8876986
    Abstract: Disclosed is a high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet having improved stretch-flange formability and excellent hydrogen embrittlement resistance. In addition to Fe, C, Si, Mn, P, S, N, and Al, the steel sheet contains V or at least one element of Nb, Ti and Zr. The contents of the at least one element of Nb, Ti and Zr, if present, satisfy the expression of [% C]?[% Nb]/92.9×12?[% Ti]/47.9×12?[% Zr]/91.2×12>0.03. The steel sheet has an area ratio of tempered martensite of 50% or more with ferrite as the remainder. The number of precipitates having a circle-equivalent diameter of 1 to 10 nm is 20 particles or more per 1 ?m2 of the tempered martensite. The number of precipitates containing V or the at least one element of Nb, Ti and Zr and having a circle-equivalent diameter of 20 nm or more is 10 particles or less per 1 ?m2 of the tempered martensite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideo Hata, Toshio Murakami, Akira Ibano, Fumio Yuse, Junichiro Kinugasa
  • Patent number: 8876987
    Abstract: A high strength pressed member has excellent ductility and stretch flangeability and tensile strength of 780-1400 MPa, with a predetermined steel composition and steel microstructure relative to the entire microstructure of steel sheet, where area ratio of martensite 5-70%, area ratio of retained austenite 5-40%, area ratio of bainitic ferrite in upper bainite 5% or more, and total thereof is 40% or more, 25% or more of martensite is tempered martensite, polygonal ferrite area ratio is above 10% and below 50% to the entire microstructure of steel sheet, and average grain size is 8 ?m or less, average diameter of a group of polygonal ferrite grains is 15 ?m or less, the group of polygonal ferrite grains represented by a group of ferrite grains of adjacent polygonal ferrite grains, and average carbon content in retained austenite is 0.70 mass % or more and tensile strength is 780 MPa or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Matsuda, Yoshimasa Funakawa, Kaneharu Okuda, Kazuhiro Seto
  • Publication number: 20140305553
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet has a chemical composition including C of 0.05% to 0.30%, Si of greater than 0% to 3.0%, Mn of 0.1% to 5.0%, P of greater than 0% to 0.1%, S of greater than 0% to 0.02%, Al of 0.01% to 1.0%, and N of greater than 0% to 0.01%, in mass percent, with the remainder including iron and inevitable impurities. The steel sheet has a microstructure containing ferrite as a soft primary phase in an area percentage of 20% to 50% with the remainder including tempered martensite and/or tempered bainite as a hard secondary phase. The ferrite grains are adapted to contain cementite particles having an appropriate size in an appropriate number density.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2012
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Tomokazu Masuda, Hideo Hata, Katsura Kajihara, Toshio Murakami, Masaaki Miura, Muneaki Ikeda
  • Publication number: 20140299238
    Abstract: A hot rolled steel sheet has a chemical composition including, by mass %, C: 0.060% to 0.120%; Si: 0.10% to 0.70%; Mn: 1.00% to 1.80%; P: 0.10% or less; S: 0.010% or less; Al: 0.01% to 0.10%; N: 0.010% or less; Nb: 0.010% to 0.100%, wherein Nb is contained so that content of solute Nb is 5% or more relative to the total Nb content; the balance being Fe and incidental impurities. The hot rolled steel sheet has a microstructure containing ferrite of not more than 15 ?m in average crystal grain diameter by a volume fraction of not less than 75%, the balance being low-temperature-induced phases. The hot rolled steel sheet can be suitably utilized for manufacturing a cold rolled steel sheet or hot-dip galvanized steel sheet having a tensile strength of 590 MPa or more, excellent in material homogeneity and capable of giving excellent cold rolling property.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: JEF Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Katsutoshi Takashima, Yuki Toji, Kohei Hasegawa, Shinya Yamaguchi
  • Publication number: 20140261906
    Abstract: A bearing steel includes, as a metallographic structure, inclusions which contain complex oxysulfides including Rare Earth Metal, Ca, O, S, and Al, TiN, MnS, Al2O3, and complex oxides including Al and Ca, wherein, a number fraction of the complex oxysulfides in a total number of the inclusions is 50% to less than 100% and a number of complex oxysulfides having a major axis of 5 ?m or more is 0.001 pieces to 2 pieces in an observed section of 1 mm2, and a number of TiN existing independently from the complex oxysulfides and having a major axis of 5 ?m or more is 0.001 pieces to less than 1.0 piece in an observed section of 1 mm2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Masayuki Hashimura, Masafumi Miyazaki, Hideaki Yamamura, Takahisa Suzuki, Takashi Fujita
  • Publication number: 20140246128
    Abstract: Provided is a hot-rolled steel sheet that has a chemical composition including, by mass %: C: 0.060% to 0.150%; Si: 0.15% to 0.70%; Mn: 1.00% to 1.90%; P: 0.10% or less; S: 0.010% or less; Al: 0.01% to 0.10%; N: 0.010% or less; Nb: 0.010% to 0.100%; and the balance including Fe and incidental impurities. The hot-rolled steel sheet has a microstructure containing ferrite of 18 ?m or less in average grain size by a volume fraction of at least 75% and pearlite of at least 2 ?m in average grain size by a volume fraction of at least 5%, the balance being low-temperature-induced phases, the pearlite having a mean free path of at least 5.0 ?m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Inventors: Katsutoshi Takashima, Yuki Toji, Kohei Hasegawa
  • Publication number: 20140242416
    Abstract: A high strength pressed member has excellent ductility and stretch flangeability and tensile strength of 780-1400 MPa, with a predetermined steel composition and steel microstructure relative to the entire microstructure of steel sheet, where area ratio of martensite 5-70%, area ratio of retained austenite 5-40%, area ratio of bainitic ferrite in upper bainite 5% or more, and total thereof is 40% or more, 25% or more of martensite is tempered martensite, polygonal ferrite area ratio is above 10% and below 50% to the entire microstructure of steel sheet, and average grain size is 8 ?m or less, average diameter of a group of polygonal ferrite grains is 15 ?m or less, the group of polygonal ferrite grains represented by a group of ferrite grains of adjacent polygonal ferrite grains, and average carbon content in retained austenite is 0.70 mass % or more and tensile strength is 780 MPa or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2012
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Inventors: Hiroshi Matsuda, Yoshimasa Funakawa, Kaneharu Okuda, Kazuhiro Seto
  • Publication number: 20140242414
    Abstract: The present invention provides a high-strength steel sheet excellent in shape fixability. The high-strength steel sheet contains C, Si, Mn, P, S, Al, N, and O with predetermined contents, in which a retained austenite phase of 5 to 20% in volume fraction is contained, an amount of solid-solution C contained in the retained austenite phase is 0.80 to 1.00% in mass %, WSi? is 1.10 times or more WSi*, WMn? is 1.10 times or more WMn*, and when a frequency distribution is measured with respect to a sum of a ratio between WSi and WSi* and a ratio between WAl and WAl*, a mode value of the frequency distribution is 1.95 to 2.05, and a kurtosis is 2.00 or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Akinobu Minami, Hiroyuki Kawata, Akinobu Murasato, Yuji Yamaguchi, Natsuko Sugiura, Takuya Kuwayama, Naoki Maruyama, Takamasa Suzuki
  • Publication number: 20140230971
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing the high strength steel sheet having excellent formability includes hot-rolling a steel slab having a chemical composition containing, by mass %, C: 0.03% or more and 0.35% or less, Si: 0.5% or more and 3.0% or less, Mn: 3.5% or more and 10.0% or less, P: 0.1% or less, S: 0.01% or less, N: 0.008% or less and the balance comprising Fe and inevitable impurities, coiling the hot-rolled steel sheet at a temperature range of the Ar1 transformation point to the Ar1 transformation point+(the Ar3 transformation point?the Ar1 transformation point)/2, cooling the coiled steel sheet down to 200° C. or lower, heating and holding the cooled steel sheet at a temperature range of the Ac1 transformation point?200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiyasu Kawasaki, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Tatsuya Nakagaito, Yasunobu Nagataki
  • Publication number: 20140216609
    Abstract: A steel material containing 0.01% to 0.07% C, 0.40% or less Si, 0.5% to 1.4% Mn, 0.1% or less Al, 0.01% to 0.15% Nb, 0.1% or less V, 0.03% or less Ti, and 0.008% or less N on a mass basis, Nb, V, and Ti satisfying Nb+V+Ti<0.15, Cm satisfying 0.12 or less, is heated to a heating temperature of 1,100° C. to 1,250° C., finish-rolled in such a way that the accumulative rolling reduction at a temperature of 930° C. or lower is 40% to 85% and the finished rolling temperature is 760° C. to 870° C., cooled to a cooling stop temperature of 500° C. or lower in terms of surface temperature at an average cooling rate of 30° C./s to 200° C./s in terms of thickness-wise center temperature, naturally cooled for more than 10 s after cooling is stopped, and coiled at a coiling temperature of 400° C. to 620° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Nakata, Tomoaki Shibata
  • Publication number: 20140205855
    Abstract: [Summary] The present invention provides a high-strength steel sheet excellent in impact resistance. The high-strength steel sheet contains predetermined contents of C, Si, Mn, P, S, Al, Ti, N, and O, with the balance being iron and inevitable impurities, and has a steel sheet structure in which, in a ? thickness to ? thickness region across ¼ of a sheet thickness, 1 to 8% retained austenite is contained in volume fraction, an average aspect ratio of the retained austenite is 2.0 or less, an amount of solid-solution Mn in the retained austenite is 1.1 times an average amount of Mn or more, and TiN grains having a 0.5 ?m average grain diameter or less are contained, and a density of AlN grains with a 1 ?m grain diameter or more is 1.0 pieces/mm2 or less, wherein a maximum tensile strength is 900 MPa or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Kawata, Naoki Maruyama, Akinobu Murasato, Akinobu Minami, Hajime Hasegawa, Chisato Wakabayashi, Tsuyoshi Oki
  • Publication number: 20140193667
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet having excellent stretch flangeability and precision punchability containing predetermined components and a balance being composed of iron and inevitable impurities, in which in a range of ? to ? in sheet thickness from the surface of the steel sheet, an average value of pole densities of the {100}<011> to {223}<110> orientation group represented by respective crystal orientations of {100}<011>, {116}<110>, {114}<110>, {113}<110>, {112}<110>, {335}<110>, and {223}<110> is 6.5 or less, and a pole density of the {332}<113> crystal orientation is 5.0 or less, and a metal structure contains, in terms of an area ratio, greater than 5% of pearlite, the sum of bainite and martensite limited to less than 5%, and a balance composed of ferrite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroshi Shuto, Nobuhiro Fujita, Tatsuo Yokoi, Riki Okamoto, Kazuaki Nakano, Shinichiro Watanabe
  • Publication number: 20140170440
    Abstract: High strength steel sheet which secures tensile maximum strength 900 MPa or more high strength while having excellent shapeability, which high strength steel sheet which is excellent in shapeability characterized by having a predetermined composition of ingredients, by the steel sheet structure including a ferrite phase and martensite phase, by the ratio of Cu particles incoherent with the bcc iron being 15% or more with respect to the Cu particles as a whole, by a density of Cu particles in the ferrite phase being 1.0×1018/m3 or more, and by an average particle size of Cu particles in the ferrite phase being 2.0 nm or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Kawata, Naoki Maruyama, Akinobu Murasato, Akinobu Minami, Masafumi Azuma, Takuya Kuwayama, Shigeru Yonemura
  • Publication number: 20140158258
    Abstract: A Ni-added steel plate includes, by mass %, C: 0.04% to 0.10%, Si: 0.02% to 0.12%, Mn: 0.3% to 1.0%, Ni: more than 7.5% to 10.0%, Al: 0.01% to 0.08%, T.O: 0.0001% to 0.0030%, P: limited to 0.0100% or less, S: limited to 0.0035% or less, N: limited to 0.0070% or less, and the balance consisting of Fe and unavoidable impurities, in which a Ni segregation ratio at an area of ¼ of a plate thickness away from a plate surface in a thickness direction is 1.3 or less, a fraction of austenite after a deep cooling is 0.5% or more, an austenite unevenness index after the deep cooling is 3.0 or less, and an average equivalent circle diameter of the austenite after the deep cooling is 1 ?m or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2011
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventors: Hitoshi Furuya, Naoki Saitoh, Motohiro Okushima, Yasunori Takahashi
  • Publication number: 20140162088
    Abstract: High strength steel sheet and high strength galvanized steel sheet which are excellent in shapeability which secure a tensile maximum strength 900 MPa or more high strength while obtaining excellent ductility and stretch flangeability, which sheets have predetermined compositions of ingredients, have steel sheet structures which contain volume fraction 1 to 20% of residual austenite phases, and which have martensite transformation points of the residual austenite phases of ?60° C. or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Kawata, Naoki Maruyama, Akinobu Murasato, Akinobu Minami, Takeshi Yasui, Yuji Yamaguchi, Natsuko Sugiura
  • Publication number: 20140150934
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a wire rod used in bolts for automobile engines, for example, and more specifically to a wire rod having an improved resistance to hydrogen delayed fracture, to a manufacturing method for same, to a bolt using same and a method for manufacturing the bolt. Provided are a high strength wire rod having a superior resistance to hydrogen delayed fracture and a method for manufacturing same, a high strength bolt using the wire rod and a method for manufacturing same, wherein. the wire rod comprises, 0.3-0.7 wt % C, 0.05-2.0 wt % Si, 0.7-1.5 wt % Mn, 0.01-0.1 wt % Ni, and 30-70 ppm La, and the remainder thereof is comprised by Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: POSCO
    Inventors: You-Hwan Lee, Dong-Hyun Kim, Geun-Soo Ryu
  • Publication number: 20140144553
    Abstract: A cold-rolled steel sheet having a refined structure in which grain growth during annealing is suppressed has a chemical composition containing, in mass percent, controlled amounts of carbon, manganese, niobium, titanium, vanadium, sol. Aluminum, chromium, molybdenum, boron, calcium, and REM and a microstructure which contains at least 50% by area of ferrite as a main phase, a second phase containing at least 10% by area of a low temperature transformation phase and 0-3% by area of retained austenite and which satisfies the following Equations (1)-(3), in addition to a particular texture, dm<2.7+10000/(5+300×C+50×Mn+4000×Nb+2000×Ti+400×V)2??(1), dm<4.0??(2), and ds?1.5??(3), wherein dm is the average grain diameter (?m) of ferrite defined by a high angle grain boundary having a tilt angle of at least 15°, and ds is the average grain diameter (?m) of the second phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2011
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Inventors: Kengo Hata, Toshiro Tomida, Norio Imai
  • Publication number: 20140124101
    Abstract: This high-strength hot-rolled steel sheet having excellent local deformability contains, in mass %, C: 0.07% to 0.20%; Si: 0.001% to 2.5%; Mn: 0.01% to 4.0%; P: 0.001% to 0.15%; S: 0.0005% to 0.03%; Al: 0.001% to 2.0%; N: 0.0005% to 0.01%; and O: 0.0005% to 0.01%; and a balance being composed of iron and inevitable impurities, in which an area ratio of bainite in a metal structure is 95% or more, at a sheet thickness center portion being a range of 5/8 to 3/8 in sheet thickness from the surface of the steel sheet, an average value of pole densities of the {100}<011> to {223}<110> orientation group is 4.0 or less, and a pole density of the {332}<113> crystal orientation is 5.0 or less, and a mean volume diameter of crystal grains in the metal structure is 10 ?m or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Suwa, Kazuaki Nakano, Kunio Hayashi, Riki Okamoto, Nobuhiro Fujita, Kohichi Sano
  • Patent number: 8715432
    Abstract: The present invention provides high temperature strength and fire-resistant steel superior in weld joint reheat embrittlement resistance and toughness which is produced using steel of a room temperature strength of the 400 to 600N/mm2 class containing as main ingredients C: 0.010% to less than 0.05%, Si: 0.01 to 0.50%, Mn: 0.80 to 2.00%, Cr: 0.50% to less than 2.00%, V: 0.03 to 0.30%, Nb: 0.01 to 0.10%, N: 0.001 to 0.010%, and Al: 0.005 to 0.10%, limiting the contents of Ni, Cu, Mo, and B, and satisfying the relationship of 4Cr[%]-5Mo[%]-10Ni[%]-2Cu[%]-Mn[%]>0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Yasushi Hasegawa, Masaki Mizoguchi, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Suguru Yoshida, Tadayoshi Okada
  • Publication number: 20140110022
    Abstract: A hot-rolled steel sheet satisfies that average pole density of orientation group of {100}<011> to {223}<110> is 1.0 to 5.0 and pole density of crystal orientation {332}<113> is 1.0 to 4.0. Moreover, the hot-rolled steel sheet includes, as a metallographic structure, by area %, ferrite and bainite of 30% to 99% in total and martensite of 1% to 70%. Moreover, the hot-rolled steel sheet satisfies following Expressions 1 and 2 when area fraction of the martensite is defined as fM in unit of area %, average size of the martensite is defined as dia in unit of ?m, average distance between the martensite is defined as dis in unit of ?m, and tensile strength of the steel sheet is defined as TS in unit of MPa.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2012
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kohichi Sano, Kunio Hayashi, Kazuaki Nakano, Riki Okamoto, Nobuhiro Fujita