Chromium Containing, But Less Than 9 Percent Patents (Class 148/333)
  • Patent number: 10774412
    Abstract: A hot-dip galvanized cold-rolled steel sheet has a tensile strength of 750 MPa or higher, a composition consisting, in mass percent, C: more than 0.10% and less than 0.25%, Si: more than 0.50% and less than 2.0%, Mn: more than 1.50% and 3.0% or less, and optionally containing one or more types of Ti, Nb, V, Cr, Mo, B, Ca, Mg, REM, and Bi, P: less than 0.050%, S: 0.010% or less, sol. Al: 0.50% or less, and N: 0.010% or less, and a main phase as a low-temperature transformation product and a second phase as retained austenite. The retained austenite volume fraction is more than 4.0% and less than 25.0% of the whole structure, and has an average grain size of less than 0.80 ?m. A number density of retained austenite grains having a grain size of 1.2 ?m or more is 3.0×10?2/?m2 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Norio Imai, Masayuki Wakita, Takuya Nishio, Jun Haga, Kengo Hata, Yasuaki Tanaka, Mitsuru Yoshida, Hiroshi Takebayashi, Suguhiro Fukushima, Toshiro Tomida
  • Patent number: 10494690
    Abstract: A high strength and toughness seamless steel tube for an automobile airbag, comprising the following elements, by wt %: C: 0.05-0.15%; Si: 0.1-0.45%; Mn: 1.0-1.9%; Ni: 0.1-0.6%; Cr: 0.05-1.0%; Mo: 0.05-0.2%; Cu: 0.05-0.50%; Al: 0.015-0.060%; Nb: 0.02-0.1%; V: 0.02-0.15%; and the balance being Fe and other inevitable impurities. A method for manufacturing the seamless steel tube comprises the steps: (1) heating a tube blank and then soaking; (2) hot piercing, reducing the diameter and the wall thickness of the tube blank with a stretch reducer and then cooling naturally; (3) annealing, pickling, phosphating and saponifying; (4) cold working to obtain a finished product size; and (5) carrying out stress relief annealing treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: Boashan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Guoli Zhai, Qingchao Tian, Qijiang Wang, Cailing Liu
  • Patent number: 10358708
    Abstract: A steel plate has a chemical composition containing, by mass %, C: 0.03% or more and 0.08% or less, Si: 0.01% or more and 1.0% or less, Mn: 1.2% or more and 3.0% or less, P: 0.015% or less, S: 0.005% or less, Al: 0.08% or less, Nb: 0.005% or more and 0.07% or less, Ti: 0.005% or more and 0.025% or less, N: 0.010% or less, O: 0.005% or less and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, a structure being a dual-phase structure consisting of a bainite phase and island martensite, wherein the area fraction of the island martensite is 3% to 15%, the equivalent circle diameter of the island martensite is 3.0 ?m or less, and the remainder of the structure is a bainite phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Junji Shimamura, Kimihiro Nishimura
  • Patent number: 10174399
    Abstract: A steel wire rod includes required amounts of chemical components and a remainder including Fe and impurities; in which the area ratio of pearlite in a cross section perpendicular to a longitudinal direction is 95% or more and a remainder includes a non-pearlite structure which includes one or more of a bainite, a degenerate pearlite, a proeutectoid ferrite and a proeutectoid cementite; the average block size of the pearlite is 15 ?m to 35 ?m and the area ratio of the pearlite having a block size of 50 ?m or more is 20% or less; and the area ratio of a region where a lamellar spacing of the pearlite is 150 nm or less is 20% or less in a region within a depth from a surface of the steel wire rod of 1 mm or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Makoto Okonogi, Daisuke Hirakami
  • Patent number: 10125405
    Abstract: A method thermally treats hot rails to obtain a desired microstructure having enhanced mechanical properties. The method includes an active cooling phase where the rail is fast cooled from an austenite temperature and subsequently soft cooled, to maintain a target transformation temperature between defined values. The cooling treatment is performed by a plurality of cooling modules. Each of the cooling modules has a plurality of devices spraying a cooling medium onto the rail. The method is characterized in that during the active cooling phase, each cooling device is driven to control the cooling rate of the rail such that the amount of transformed austenite within the rail is not lower than 50% on the rail surface and not lower than 20% at a rail head core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: PRIMETALS TECHNOLOGIES ITALY S.R.L.
    Inventors: Alberto Gioachino Lainati, Luigi Langellotto, Andrea Mazzarano, Federico Pegorin, Alessio Saccocci, Augusto Sciuccati
  • Patent number: 10125412
    Abstract: A composition includes tungsten (W); at least one element selected form the group of elements consisting of boron (B), beryllium (Be) and silicon (Si); and at least one element selected from the group of elements consisting of titanium (Ti), vanadium (V), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), zirconium (Zr), niobium (Nb), molybdenum (Mo), ruthenium (Ru), hafnium (Hf), tantalum (Ta), rhenium (Re), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), lithium (Li) and aluminum (Al). The composition satisfies the formula W1-xMxXy wherein X is one of B, Be and Si; M is at least one of Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ru, Hf, Ta, Re, Os, Ir, Li and Al; x is at least 0.001 and less than 0.999; and y is at least 4.0. A tool is made from or coated with this composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Richard B. Kaner, Sarah H. Tolbert, Reza Mohammadi, Andrew T. Lech, Miao Xie
  • Patent number: 9957582
    Abstract: A cold-rolled sheet is provided. The cold-rolled sheet includes a steel substrate with a carbon content C0 between 0.07% and 0.5%, expressed by weight, and a metal pre-coating on at least the two principal faces of the steel substrate. The substrate has a decarburized area on the surface of each of the two principal faces. The depth p50% of the decarburized area is between 6 and 30 micrometers, and p50% is the depth at which the carbon content is equal to 50% of the content C0. The sheet does not contain a layer of iron oxide between the substrate and the metal pre-coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: ArcelorMittal
    Inventors: Juan David Puerta Velasquez, Jonas Staudte, Pascal Drillet
  • Patent number: 9869009
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a wrought, quenched and tempered, fine-grained, with deep hardenability, high strength and low alloy steel having a sum of the alloying elements: nickel, molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, titanium, and niobium in weight percent 1.0% to 1.60%. The air melted and hot forged steel of the present invention has hardness of HRC 55, an ultimate tensile strength of 300 ksi, a yield strength of 257 ksi, a total elongation of 9%, a reduction of area of 32%, and Charpy v-notch impact toughness energy of 15 ft-lb after normalizing, gas quenching, and tempering at 450° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Inventor: Gregory Vartanov
  • Patent number: 9738945
    Abstract: A forging process is conducted in a temperature range of 350-600° C. on at least a portion that is required to have a fatigue strength in an intermediate forged product having a ferrite and pearlite texture obtained by conducting a hot forging on a steel in which N is not greater than an amount at which N is unavoidably dissolved as a solid, thereby improving strength of the portion that is required to have a fatigue strength. With this, there is provided a forged product having a good strength and a low price.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jun Yoshida, Daisuke Kaneko, Noriyuki Iwata
  • Patent number: 9692473
    Abstract: Aspects of this disclosure relate to compensating for an offset in a receiver. In one embodiment, the receiver comprises a mixer, a feedback amplifier, and an offset correction circuit. The offset correction circuit can generate an indication of an offset in a differential input to the feedback amplifier and apply an offset compensation signal at an offset compensation node. The offset compensation node can be in a signal path of the feedback amplifier. Such offset compensation can reduce or eliminate leakage from a local oscillator at an input port of the mixer and/or at an antenna port of the receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: ANALOG DEVICES, INC.
    Inventors: Kevin Glenn Gard, Robert C. Glenn
  • Patent number: 9677150
    Abstract: A high strength hot dip galvanized steel strip including, in mass percent, of the following elements: 0.10-0.18% C, 1.90-2.50% Mn, 0.30-0.50% Si, 0.50-0.70% Al, 0.10-0.50% Cr, 0.001-0.10% P, 0.01-0.05% Nb, max 0.004% Ca, max 0.05% S, max 0.007% N, and optionally at least one of the following elements: 0.005-0.50% Ti, 0.005-0.50% V, 0.005-0.50% Mo, 0.005-0.50% Ni, 0.005-0.50% Cu, max 0.005% B, the balance Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein 0.80%<Al+Si<1.05% and Mn+Cr>2.10%. This steel offers improved formability at a high strength, has a good weldability and surface quality together with a good produce-ability and coat-ability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: TATA STEEL IJMUIDEN B.V.
    Inventors: Bernard Leo Ennis, David Neal Hanlon
  • Patent number: 9669482
    Abstract: Assembled submarine hull steel components, each steel component having a chemical composition consisting of, in weight percent: 0.030%?C<0.080% 0.040%?Si?0.13% 0.1%?Mn?1.4% 2%?Ni?4% Cr?0.3% 0.30%?Mo+W/2+3(V+Nb/2+Ta/4)?0.89% 0.15%?Mo?0.89% V+Nb/2+Ta/4?0.004% Nb?0.004% Cu?0.45% Al?0.1% Ti?0.04% N?0.0300% impurities resulting from the production operation, said impurities including B?0.0005%, P+S?0.015%, the balance being iron, the chemical composition complying with the condition: 410?540×C0.25+245[Mo+W/2+3(V+Nb/2+Ta/4)]0.30?460.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: INDUSTEEL FRANCE
    Inventors: Jean Beguinot, Cedric Chauvy
  • Patent number: 9540704
    Abstract: A method for producing a high fatigue life quenched/tempered steel pipe comprises a quenching treatment of keeping an unquenched starting steel pipe having a composition that comprises, % by mass, C: 0.1 to 0.4%, Si: 0.5 to 1.5%, Mn: 0.3 to 2%, P: at most 0.02%, S: at most 0.01%, Cr: 0.1 to 2%, Ti: 0.01 to 0.1%, Nb: 0.01 to 0.1%, Al: at most 0.1%, B: 0.0005 to 0.01%, and N: at most 0.01%, with a balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, at 900 to 1100° C. for 10 to 60 seconds and then rapidly cooling it. The cooled pipe is subjected to a tempering treatment of keeping the pipe at 280 to 380° C. for 10 to 60 minutes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: NISSHIN STEEL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Masaru Fujihara, Tsunetoshi Suzaki
  • Patent number: 9523139
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet excellent in ductility, work hardenability, and stretch flangeability, and having tensile strength of 780 MPa or more includes: a chemical composition containing, in mass percent, C: more than 0.020% to less than 0.30%, Si: more than 0.10% to 3.00% or less, Mn: more than 1.00% to 3.50% or less; and metallurgical structure whose main phase is a low-temperature transformation product, and whose secondary phase contains retained austenite. The retained austenite has a volume fraction relative to overall structure of more than 4.0% to less than 25.0% and an average grain size of less than 0.80 ?m, and of the retained austenite, the number density of retained austenite grains whose grain size is 1.2 ?m or more is 3.0×10?2 grains/?m2 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jun Haga, Takuya Nishio, Masayuki Wakita, Yasuaki Tanaka, Norio Imai, Toshiro Tomida
  • Patent number: 9341223
    Abstract: A spring with superior fatigue resistance is provided by decreasing the material cost while simplifying the production process. Disclosed is a spring including: a composition consisting of, by mass %, 0.5 to 0.7% of C, 1.0 to 2.0% of Si, 0.1 to 1.0% of Mn, 0.1 to 1.0% of Cr, not more than 0.035% of P, not more than 0.035% of S, and the balance of Fe and impurities; a structure including not less than 95% of tempered martensitic structure; a compressive residual stress layer formed to a depth of 0.35 mm to D/4, in which D (mm) is a diameter; the compressive residual stress layer having maximum compressive residual stress of 800 to 2000 MPa; a center portion with Vickers hardness of 550 to 700 HV; and a high hardness layer with greater hardness than the center portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: NHK SPRING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takeshi Suzuki, Yoshiki Ono, Shimpei Kurokawa
  • Patent number: 9222156
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure comprise carbon steels and methods of manufacture. In one embodiment, quenching and tempering procedure is performed in which a selected steel composition is formed and heat treated to yield a slightly tempered microstructure having a fine carbide distribution. In another embodiment, a double austenizing procedure is disclosed in which a selected steel composition is formed and subjected to heat treatment to refine the steel microstructure. In one embodiment, the heat treatment may comprise austenizing and quenching the formed steel composition a selected number of times (e.g., 2) prior to tempering. In another embodiment, the heat treatment may comprise subjecting the formed steel composition to austenizing, quenching, and tempering a selected number of times (e.g., 2). Steel products formed from embodiments of the steel composition in this manner (e.g., seamless tubular bars and pipes) will possess high yield strength, e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: Siderca S.A.I.C.
    Inventors: Eduardo Altschuler, Teresa Perez, Edgardo Lopez, Constantino Espinosa, Gonzalo Gomez
  • Patent number: 9194033
    Abstract: A chemical composition includes, in mass percent, C: 0.30 to 0.55%, Si: 0.05 to 1.0%, Mn: 0.05 to 0.9%, P: 0.001 to 0.030%, S: 0.005 to 0.12%, Cr: 0.05 to 2.0%, Al: 0.005 to 0.05%, N: 0.0050 to 0.0200%, and the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, an amount of N in solid solution being not less than 0.0020%, wherein the contents of Mn and S satisfy relationships expressed by the following expressions: 2.6?Mn/S<15??(1) and Mn+6S<1.2??(2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: AICHI STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Komei Makino, Hiroyuki Mizuno
  • Patent number: 9188252
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure comprise carbon steels and methods of manufacture. In one embodiment, a double austenizing procedure is disclosed in which a selected steel composition is formed and subjected to heat treatment to refine the steel microstructure. In one embodiment, the heat treatment may comprise austenizing and quenching the formed steel composition a selected number of times (e.g., 2) prior to tempering. In another embodiment, the heat treatment may comprise subjecting the formed steel composition to austenizing, quenching, and tempering a selected number of times (e.g., 2). Steel products formed from embodiments of the steel composition in this manner (e.g., seamless tubular bars and pipes) will possess high yield strength, at least about 175 ksi (about 1200 MPa) while maintaining good toughness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: Siderca S.A.I.C.
    Inventors: Eduardo Altschuler, Teresa Perez, Edgardo Lopez, Constantino Espinosa, Gonzalo Gomez
  • Patent number: 9157132
    Abstract: The high-strength galvanized steel sheet having excellent formability has a component composition containing, on the basis of mass percent, 0.05 to 0.2% C, 0.5 to 2.5% Si, 1.5 to 3.0% Mn, 0.001 to 0.05% P, 0.0001 to 0.01% S, 0.001 to 0.1% Al, and 0.0005 to 0.01% N, the balance being Fe and incidental impurities; and the steel sheet has a microstructure including a ferritic phase and a martensitic phase including a tempered-martensitic phase, the ferritic phase having an area fraction of 30% or more relative to an entirety of the microstructure, the martensitic phase having an area fraction of 30 to 50% relative to the entirety of the microstructure, and the tempered-martensitic phase having an area fraction of 70% or more relative to an entirety of the martensitic phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shinjiro Kaneko, Yoshiyasu Kawasaki, Tatsuya Nakagaito, Saiji Matsuoka
  • Patent number: 9121079
    Abstract: On a cross section with a sheet width direction of a high-strength hot-rolled steel sheet set as a normal line, with regard to an inclusion having a major diameter of 3.0 ?m or more, a maximum of a major diameter/minor diameter ratio expressed by (a major diameter of the inclusion)/(a minor diameter of the inclusion) is 8.0 or less, and a sum total of a rolling direction length per 1 mm2 cross section of a predetermined inclusion group composed of plural inclusions each having a major diameter of 3.0 ?m or more and a predetermined extended inclusion having a length in a rolling direction of 30 ?m or more is 0.25 mm or less. The plural inclusions composing the predetermined inclusion group congregate in both the rolling direction and a direction perpendicular to the rolling direction 50 ?m or less apart from each other. The predetermined extended inclusion is spaced over 50 ?m apart from all the inclusions each having a major diameter of 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yuzo Takahashi, Junji Haji, Osamu Kawano
  • Patent number: 9097306
    Abstract: Provided are: a steel wire rod material for a high-strength spring, which does not undergo the increase in deformation resistance arising from the increase in hardness and can exhibit good wire-drawing processability and the like even when a heat treatment, which deteriorates productivity, is eliminated or a simplified and rapid heat treatment is employed instead; a useful method for producing the steel wire rod material for a high-strength spring; a high-strength spring produced using the steel wire rod material for a high-strength spring as a material; and others. This steel wire rod material for a high-strength spring is a steel wire rod material that has been hot-rolled already, and has a texture having a specified chemical composition and mainly composed of pearlite, wherein the average value (Pave) of the pearlite nodule size numbers and the standard deviation (P?) of the pearlite nodule size numbers fulfill the following formulae (1) and (2), respectively: 9.5?Pave?12.0;??(1) and 0.2?P??0.7??(2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomonobu Ishida, Nao Yoshihara, Shuhei Kitamura
  • Patent number: 9080223
    Abstract: A steel tube for an airbag which has a low alloy cost and a strength of at least 1000 MPa and vTrs100 of ?80° C. or below and a process for its manufacture which can minimize the number of times that softening annealing treatment is performed in a cold drawing step are provided. Stable properties are obtained even when quench hardening is carried out by high frequency induction heating on a large scale. The steel tube has a steel composition which comprises, in mass percent, C: 0.05-0.20%, Si: 0.10-0.50%, Mn: 0.10-1.00%, P: at most 0.025%, S: at most 0.005%, Al: 0.005-0.10%, Ca: 0.0005-0.0050%, Nb: 0.005-0.050%, Ti: 0.005-0.050%, Cu: 0.01-0.50%, Ni: 0.01-0.50%, Cr: 0.01-0.50%, B: 0.0005-0.0050%, N: 0.002-0.010%, and a remainder of Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yuji Arai, Takashi Takano, Takuma Kawamoto
  • Publication number: 20150144231
    Abstract: In a steel sheet having a specific chemical composition and having a microstructure including ferrite that is a soft first phase by 20-50% in terms of the area ratio, the remainder being tempered martensite and/or tempered bainite that is a hard second phase, the microstructure of steel of a surface layer section of the steel sheet from the surface to the depth of 100 ?m and a center section of t/4-3t/4 (t is the sheet thickness) is controlled.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Tomokazu Masuda, Katsura Kajihara, Toshio Murakami, Masaaki Miura, Muneaki Ikeda
  • Patent number: 9039847
    Abstract: A multiphase steel sheet has a steel composition containing, in percent by mass, more than 0.015% to less than 0.100% of carbon, less than 0.40% of silicon, 1.0% to 1.9% of manganese, more than 0.015% to 0.05% of phosphorus, 0.03% or less of sulfur, 0.01% to 0.3% of soluble aluminum, 0.005% or less of nitrogen, less than 0.30% of chromium, 0.0050% or less of boron, less than 0.15% of molybdenum, 0.4% or less of vanadium, 0.02% or less of titanium, wherein [Mneq] is 2.0 to 2.8, the balance being iron and incidental impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshihiko Ono, Kenji Takahashi, Kaneharu Okuda, Shoichiro Taira, Michitaka Sakurai, Yusuke Fushiwaki
  • Publication number: 20150114524
    Abstract: In a high strength cold-rolled steel plate having a specific chemical composition, a soft first phase (ferrite) has an area ratio of 20-50%, the remainder being a hard second phase (tempered martensite and/or tempered bainite), among all the ferrite grains, ferrite grains that have an average grain diameter of 10-25 ?m account for a total area ratio of 80% or more, the number of the cementite grains that have an equivalent circle diameter of 0.3 ?m or more is more than 0.15 piece and 1.0 piece or less per 1 ?m2 of ferrite, and the tensile strength is 980 MPa or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Tomokazu Masuda, Katsura Kajihara, Toshio Murakami, Masaaki Miura, Muneaki Ikeda
  • Publication number: 20150111065
    Abstract: Polycrystalline material comprising a plurality of nano-grains of a crystalline phase of an iron group element and a plurality of crystalline grains of material including carbon (C) or nitrogen (N); each nano-grain having a mean size less than 10 nanometres.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Igor Yurievich Konyashin, Bernd Heinrich Ries, Frank Friedrich Lachmann
  • Publication number: 20150110667
    Abstract: A high-strength and high-ductility steel sheet having a composition including, by weight, 1.0 to 1.4% C, 5.0 to 9.0% Mn, 2.0 to 8.0% Cr and the balance Fe, and unavoidable impurities. The steel sheet has an austenite structure formed at room temperature, and stacking fault energy is effectively controlled by the addition of Cr and N2. Mechanical twins are formed during the plastic deformation of the steel, thereby leading to high levels of work hardening, tensile strength and workability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Young-Kook LEE, Yeon-Seung JUNG, Singon KANG, Jeogho HAN, Dongjoon MIN
  • Patent number: 9011614
    Abstract: A high-strength galvanized steel sheet has excellent mechanical properties such as a TS of 1200 MPa or more, an El of 13% or more, and a hole expansion ratio of 50% or more and a method for manufacturing the same. A high-strength galvanized steel sheet excellent in formability contains 0.05% to 0.5% C, 0.01% to 2.5% Si, 0.5% to 3.5% Mn, 0.003% to 0.100% P, 0.02% or less S, and 0.010% to 0.5% Al on a mass basis, the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and has a microstructure which contains 0% to 10% ferrite, 0% to 10% martensite, and 60% to 95% tempered martensite on an area basis as determined by structure observation and which further contains 5% to 20% retained austenite as determined by X-ray diffractometry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Tatsuya Nakagaito, Saiji Matsuoka, Yoshitsugu Suzuki, Yuki Toji
  • Publication number: 20150090370
    Abstract: A steel plate has a chemical composition containing, by mass %, C: 0.03% or more and 0.08% or less, Si: 0.01% or more and 1.0% or less, Mn: 1.2% or more and 3.0% or less, P: 0.015% or less, S: 0.005% or less, Al: 0.08% or less, Nb: 0.005% or more and 0.07% or less, Ti: 0.005% or more and 0.025% or less, N: 0.010% or less, O: 0.005% or less and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, a structure being a dual-phase structure consisting of a bainite phase and island martensite, wherein the area fraction of the island martensite is 3% to 15%, the equivalent circle diameter of the island martensite is 3.0 ?m or less, and the remainder of the structure is a bainite phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Junji Shimamura, Kimihiro Nishimura
  • Patent number: 8992697
    Abstract: A high strength press-formed member includes a steel sheet constituting the member including a composition including by mass %, C: 0.12% to 0.69%, Si: 3.0% or less, Mn: 0.5% to 3.0%, P: 0.1% or less, S: 0.07% or less, Al: 3.0% or less, N: 0.010% or less, Si+Al: at least 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Matsuda, Yoshimasa Funakawa, Yasushi Tanaka
  • Publication number: 20150086808
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet has a specific chemical composition and has a steel microstructure meeting conditions: a total content of bainitic ferrite (BF) and tempered martensite (TM) is 65% (in area percent, hereinafter the same for steel microstructure) or more; a fresh martensite (M) content is 3% to 18%; a retained austenite content is 5% or more; and a polygonal ferrite (F) content is 5% or less. The steel sheet has a specific average KAM<1.00° of 0.50° or more and has a tensile strength of 980 MPa or more. The high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet excels in formability and shape fixability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: KABUSHIKI KAISHA KOBE SEIKO SHO (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Kouji Kasuya, Yuichi Futamura, Yukihiro Utsumi
  • Publication number: 20150075682
    Abstract: The present invention provides a high tensile strength steel plate having a chemical composition containing, in percent by mass, 0.03% to 0.12% of C, 0.01% to 0.30% of Si, 0.5% to 1.95% of Mn, 0.008% or less of P, 0.005% or less of S, 0.015% to 0.06% of Al, 0.011% to 0.05% of Nb, 0.005% to 0.02% of Ti, 0.001% to 0.006% of N, 0.0005% to 0.003% of Ca, optionally, one or two or more of Cr, Mo, V, Cu, and Ni, in which Ceq is 0.44 or less, Ti/N is 1.5 to 3.5, and parameter formulas composed of specific elements for controlling the sulfide morphology and the degree of center segregation in the steel are satisfied, and the balance being Fe and incidental impurities, in which the hardness of the center segregation area of the steel sheet is further specified.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2012
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Applicant: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Masao Yuga, Shigeki Kitsuya, Yusuke Terazawa, Minoru Suwa, Kenji Hayashi
  • Publication number: 20150075680
    Abstract: A steel sheet suitable as a starting material for a vehicle impact absorbing member with high absorption of impact energy and resistance to cracking contains, by mass %, C: 0.08-0.30%, Mn: 1.5-3.5%; Si+Al: 0.50-3.0%, P: 0.10% or less, S: at most 0.010%, and N: at most 0.010%, and optionally, one or more types selected from Cr: at most 0.5%, Mo: at most 0.5%, B: at most 0.010%, Ti: less than 0.04%, Nb: less than 0.030%, V: less than 0.5%, Ca: at most 0.010%, Mg: at most 0.010%, REM: at most 0.050%, and Bi: at most 0.050%. The microstructure contains, by area %, bainite: more than 50%, martensite: 3-30%, and retained austenite: 3-15%, the remainder comprising ferrite having an average grain diameter of less than 5 mm. The product of uniform elongation and hole expansion ratio is at least 300%2 and 5% effective flow stress is at least 900 MPa.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Yasuaki Tanaka, Kaori Kawano, Masahito Tasaka, Yoshiaki Nakazawa, Takuya Nishio, Masayuki Wakita, Jun Haga, Toshiro Tomida
  • Patent number: 8980019
    Abstract: A steel rail includes: by mass %, higher than 0.85% to 1.20% of C; 0.05% to 2.00% of Si; 0.05% to 0.50% of Mn; 0.05% to 0.60% of Cr; P?0.0150%; and the balance consisting of Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein 97% or more of a head surface portion which is in a range from a surface of a head corner portion and a head top portion as a starting point to a depth of 10 mm has a pearlite structure, a Vickers hardness of the pearlite structure is Hv320 to 500, and a CMn/FMn value which is a value obtained by dividing CMn [at. %] that is a Mn concentration of a cementite phase in the pearlite structure by FMn [at. %] that is a Mn concentration of a ferrite phase is equal to or higher than 1.0 and equal to or less than 5.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Masaharu Ueda, Jun Takahashi, Akira Kobayashi, Takuya Tanahashi
  • Patent number: 8980022
    Abstract: This case hardening steel has a chemical composition including, by mass %: C: 0.1 to 0.6%; Si: 0.02 to 1.5%; Mn: 0.3 to 1.8%; P: 0.025% or less; S: 0.001 to 0.15%; Al: over 0.05 to 1.0%; Ti: 0.05 to 0.2%; N: 0.01% or less; and O: 0.0025% or less, and further including, by mass %, one or more of Cr: 0.4 to 2.0%, Mo: 0.02 to 1.5%, Ni: 0.1 to 3.5%, V: 0.02 to 0.5%, and B: 0.0002 to 0.005%, and the balance consisting of iron and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Kei Miyanishi, Masayuki Hashimura, Shuuji Kozawa, Manabu Kubota, Tatsuro Ochi
  • Patent number: 8974610
    Abstract: A high-strength welded steel pipe is obtained by welding a seam weld portion of a steel plate that are formed in a pipe shape. In the high-strength welded steel pipe, a base metal of the steel plate includes, by mass %, C: 0.010% to 0.080%, Si: 0.01% to 0.50%, Mn: 0.50% to 2.00%, S: 0.0001% to 0.0050%, Ti: 0.003% to 0.030%, Mo: 0.05% to 1.00%, B: 0.0003% to 0.0100%, O: 0.0001% to 0.0080%, N: 0.006% to 0.0118%, P: limited to 0.050% or less, Al: limited to 0.008% or less, and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, Ceq is 0.30 to 0.53, Pcm is 0.10 to 0.20, [N]?[Ti]/3.4 is less than 0.003, the average grain size of the prior ? grains in heat affected zones in the steel plate is 250 ?m or less, and the prior ? grains include bainite and intragranular bainite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Taishi Fujishiro, Takuya Hara, Yoshio Terada, Shinya Sakamoto, Hitoshi Asahi
  • Publication number: 20150059912
    Abstract: A steel plate has a chemical composition containing, by mass %, C: 0.03% or more and 0.08% or less, Si: 0.01% or more and 1.0% or less, Mn: 1.2% or more and 3.0% or less, P: 0.015% or less, S: 0.005% or less, Al: 0.08% or less, Nb: 0.005% or more and 0.07% or less, Ti: 0.005% or more and 0.025% or less, N: 0.010% or less, O: 0.005% or less and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, a metallographic structure including a bainite phase and island martensite, and a polygonal ferrite in surface portions within 5 mm from the upper and lower surfaces, wherein the area fraction of the island martensite is 3% to 15%, the equivalent circle diameter of the island martensite is 3.0 ?m or less, the area fraction of the polygonal ferrite in the surface portions is 10% to less than 80%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Junji Shimamura, Kimihiro Nishimura
  • Patent number: 8961710
    Abstract: A carburized component with improved fatigue strength has a base steel containing, by mass %, C: 0.15-0.25%, Si: 0.03-0.50%, Mn: more than 0.60% and not more than 1.5%, P?0.015%, S: 0.006-0.030%, Cr: 0.05-2.0%, Al?0.10%, N?0.03%, and O?0.0020%, and optionally at least one element selected from Mo, Cu, Ni, B, Ti, Nb and V, the balance being Fe and impurities. A surface hardened layer portion satisfies: (a) average carbon concentration in the region from the outermost surface to a point of 0.2 mm depth of 0.35-0.60 mass %, (b) surface roughness Rz?15 ?m, and (c) ?r(0)??800 MPa, ?r(100)??800 MPa, and residual stress intensity index Ir?80000, wherein Ir is calculated by [Ir=?|?r(y)|dy], where y ?m is the depth from the outermost surface and ?r(y) is the residual stress for the points from the outermost surface to a depth of 100 ?m with the range of y from 0 to 100 (?m).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignees: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, Sintokogio, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yutaka Neishi, Takanari Hamada, Hidekazu Sueno, Yuji Kobayashi, Hideaki Sugiura
  • Publication number: 20150050519
    Abstract: In a hot stamped steel, when [C] represents an amount of C (mass %), [Si] represents an amount of Si (mass %), and [Mn] represents an amount of Mn (mass %), an expression of 5×[Si]+[Mn])/[C]>10 is satisfied, a metallographic structure includes 80% or more of a martensite in an area fraction, and optionally, further includes one or more of 10% or less of a pearlite in an area fraction, 5% or less of a retained austenite in a volume ratio, 20% or less of a ferrite in an area fraction, and less than 20% of a bainite in an area fraction, TS×?, which is a product of TS that is a tensile strength and ? that is a hole expansion ratio is 50000 MPa·% or more, and a hardness of the martensite measured with a nanoindenter satisfies H2/H1<1.10 and ?HM<20.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Toshiki Nonaka, Satoshi Kato, Kaoru Kawasaki, Toshimasa Tomokiyo
  • Publication number: 20150047749
    Abstract: A low alloy steel subjected to post weld heat treatment, containing, by mass percent, of C: 0.01 to 0.15%, Si: 3% or less, Mn: 3% or less, and Al: 0.08% or less, one or more kinds of elements selected from Ti, V and Nb: the range satisfying Formula (1), and the balance being Fe and impurities, wherein in the impurities, N: 0.01% or less, P: 0.05% or less, S: 0.03% or less, and O: 0.03% or less: 0.1×[C(%)]?[Ti(%)]+[V(%)]+0.5×[Nb(%)]?0.2??(1) where, the symbol of element in the formula represents the content (mass %) of each element. In the alloy steel, a HAZ subjected to PWHT, especially short-time PWHT, has excellent hydrogen embrittlement resistance in wet hydrogen sulfide environments or the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Hirata, Tomohiko Omura, Kenji Kobayashi, Kaori Kawano, Kota Tomatsu, Kazuhiro Ogawa
  • Patent number: 8951366
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet includes, by mass %, C: 0.10% to 0.40%, Mn: 0.5% to 4.0%, Si: 0.005% to 2.5%, Al: 0.005% to 2.5%, Cr: 0% to 1.0%, and a balance of iron and inevitable impurities, in which an amount of P is limited to 0.05% or less, an amount of S is limited to 0.02% or less, an amount of N is limited to 0.006% or less, the microstructure includes 2% to 30% of retained austenite by area percentage, martensite is limited to 20% or less by area percentage in the microstructure, an average particle size of cementite is 0.01 ?m to 1 ?m, and 30% to 100% of the cementite has an aspect ratio of 1 to 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Kohichi Sano, Chisato Wakabayashi, Hiroyuki Kawata, Riki Okamoto, Naoki Yoshinaga, Kaoru Kawasaki, Natsuko Sugiura, Nobuhiro Fujita
  • Patent number: 8951367
    Abstract: A cold rolled steel sheet with excellent bendability contains C at 0.15 to 0.30%, Si at 0.01 to 1.8%, Mn at 1.5 to 3.0%, P at not more than 0.05%, S at not more than 0.005%, Al at 0.005 to 0.05% and N at not more than 0.005%, the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, and has a steel sheet superficial soft portion satisfying: Hv(S)/Hv(C)?0.8??(1) wherein Hv(S) is hardness of the steel sheet superficial soft portion, and Hv(C) is hardness of a steel sheet core portion, 0.10?t(S)/t?0.30??(2) wherein t(S) is thickness of the steel sheet superficial soft portion, and t is the sheet thickness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Kenji Kawamura, Kazuhiro Seto
  • Publication number: 20150037610
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet includes a composition having controlled amounts of carbon, silicon, manganese, phosphorous, sulfur, titanium, niobium, sol. Aluminum, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, boron, calcium, REM, and iron. A microstructure thereof has a main phase of ferrite of at least 40 area %, and a second phase of a low-temperature transformation phase consisting either or both of martensite and bainite, which comprises at least 10 area % in total and retained austenite (?) at least comprising 3 area %. An average grain diameter of ferrite has a tilt angle of at least 15° is at most 5.0 mm, an average grain diameter of the low-temperature transformation-produced phase is at most 2.0 mm, an average grain diameter of lump-like retained ? having an aspect ratio of less than 5 is at most 1.5 mm, and an area fraction of the lump-like retained ? relative to the retained ? is at least 50%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Kengo Hata, Toshiro Tomida, Norio Imai, Jun Haga, Takuya Nishio
  • Patent number: 8945719
    Abstract: This steel plate for cold forging includes a hot-rolled steel plate, wherein the hot-rolled steel plate includes: in terms of percent by mass, C: 0.13% to 0.20%; Si: 0.01% to 0.8%; Mn: 0.1% to 2.5%; P: 0.003% to 0.030%; S: 0.0001% to 0.008%; Al: 0.01% to 0.07%; N: 0.0001% to 0.02%; and O: 0.0001% to 0.0030%, with a remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities, an A value represented by the following formula (1) is in a range of 0.0080 or less, a thickness of the hot-rolled steel plate is in a range of 2 mm to 25 mm, and an area percentage of pearlite bands having lengths of 1 mm or more in a region of 4/10t to 6/10t when a plate thickness is indicated by t in a cross section of a plate thickness that is parallel to a rolling direction of the hot-rolled steel plate is in a range of not more than a K value represented by the following formula (2), A value=O%+S%+0.033Al%??(1) K value=25.5×C%+4.5×Mn%?6??(2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Masayuki Abe, Kengo Takeda, Shuji Yamamoto, Yasushi Tsukano, Shinichi Yamaguchi
  • Publication number: 20150027594
    Abstract: A thin steel sheet having sheet thickness ?1.6 mm, but tensile strength ?780 MPa and Young's modulus ?240 GPa in transverse direction is provided, where the steel sheet has composition including, in mass %, C: 0.06-0.12%, Si: 0.5-1.5%, Mn: 1.0-3.0%, P: 0.05% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Al: 0.5% or less, N: 0.01% or less, Ti: 0.02-0.20%, and the balance being Fe and incidental impurities, where the composition satisfies relations of Formula (1) and (2), and microstructure such that ferrite phase has area ratio ?60% and martensite phase has area ratio of 15-35%, ferrite and martensite phases are 95% or more in total, average grain size of ferrite is ?4.0 ?m and that of martensite is ?1.5 ?m, 0.05?[% C]?(12/47.9)×[% Ti*]?0.10 ??(1), where Ti*=[% Ti]?(47.9/14)×[% N]?(47.9/32.1)×[% S]??(2).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2012
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Kenji Kawamura, Takeshi Yokota
  • Publication number: 20150027593
    Abstract: A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet having excellent ductility and stretch flangeability includes: a chemical composition consisting, in mass %, C: 0.06 to 0.3, Si: 0.6 to 2.5%, Mn: 0.6 to 3.5%, P: at most 0.1%, S: at most 0.05%, Ti: 0 to 0.08%, Nb: 0 to 0.04%, total of Ti and Nb: 0 to 0.10%, sol.Al: 0 to 2.0%, Cr: 0 to 1%, Mo: 0 to 0.3%, V: 0 to 0.3%, B: 0 to 0.005%, Ca: 0 to 0.003%, REM: 0 to 0.003% and the remainder of Fe and impurities; a microstructure having a main phase including at least 40 area % in total of martensite and/or bainite; and a texture in which proportion of an average X-ray intensity in an {100}<011> to {211}<011> orientations relative to an average X-ray intensity of a random structure not having a texture is less than 6.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Kengo Hata, Toshiro Tomida, Norio Ima, Jun Haga, Takuya Nishio
  • Publication number: 20150017469
    Abstract: The invention relates to sheet steel for use as packaging steel, made of a non-alloy or low-alloy and cold-rolled steel having a carbon content of less than 0.1%. According to the invention, in order to use such sheet steel for packaging steel that has good formability and can be produced in a cost-effective way, the sheet steel contains less than 0.4 wt % of manganese, less than 0.04 wt % of silicium, less than 0.1 wt % of aluminum, and less than 0.1 wt % of chromium and is provided with a multi-phase structure, comprising ferrite and at least one of the structure constituents martensite, bainite, and/or residual austenite. The invention further relates to a method for producing such packaging steel from cold-rolled sheet steel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2012
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Reiner Sauer, Burkhard Kaup, Dirk Matusch, Dimitrios Nouskalis
  • Publication number: 20150017471
    Abstract: There are provided a high-strength hot-rolled steel sheet securing low-temperature toughness and having excellent stretch flangeability by controlling a structural fraction and a hardness difference among structures, and a manufacturing method thereof. A hot-rolled steel sheet contains: C: 0.01 to 0.2%; Si: 0.001 to 2.5% or less; Mn: 0.10 to 4.0% or less; P: 0.10% or less; S: less than 0.03%; Al: 0.001 to 2.0%; N: less than 0.01%; Ti: (0.005+48/14[N]+48/32[S]) % or more and 0.3% or less; Nb: 0 to 0.06%; Cu: 0 to 1.2%; Ni: 0 to 0.6%; Mo: 0 to 1%; V: 0 to 0.2%; Cr: 0 to 2%; Mg: 0 to 0.01%; Ca: 0 to 0.01%; REM: 0 to 0.1%; and B: 0 to 0.002%, and has: an texture in which, at a central portion of a sheet thickness located between ? to ? thickness positions of the sheet thickness from a surface of the steel sheet, an average value of X-ray random intensity ratios of a group of {100}<011> to {223}<110> orientations of a sheet plane is 6.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Hiroshi Shuto, Tatsuo Yokoi, Yuuki Kanzawa, Nobuhiro Fujita, Ryohta Niiya, Shinya Saitoh
  • Patent number: 8932414
    Abstract: Disclosed is a high-strength steel plate with excellent warm workability that has a component composition comprising, in mass %, 0.05 to 0.4% C, 0.5 to 3% Si+Al, 0.5 to 3% Mn, no more than 0.15% P (not including 0%), and no more than 0.02% S (including 0%), with the remainder comprising iron and impurities, and a composition that includes a total of 45 to 80% martensite and/or bainitic ferrite in terms of the area ratio relative to the entire composition, 5 to 40% polygonal ferrite in terms of the area ratio relative to the entire composition, and 5 to 20% retained austenite in terms of the area ratio relative to the entire composition, wherein the C concentration (C?R) within said residual austenite is in the range of 0.6 mass % to less than 1.0 mass %, and that furthermore may include bainite. In the high-strength steel plate, TRIP effects are achieved to the fullest extent in warm working, and increased ductility over prior steel plates is reliably achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideo Hata, Toshio Murakami, Yukihiro Utsumi
  • Publication number: 20150010775
    Abstract: A hot stamped steel according to the present invention satisfies an expression of (5×[Si]+[Mn])/[C]>11 when [C] represents an amount of C by mass %, [Si] represents an amount of Si by mass %, and [Mn] represents an amount of Mn by mass %, a metallographic structure after hot stamping includes 40% to 90% of a ferrite and 10% to 60% of a martensite in an area fraction, a total of an area fraction of the ferrite and an area fraction of the martensite is 60% or more, a hardness of the martensite measured with a nanoindenter satisfies an H2/H1<1.10 and ?HM<20, and TS×?, which is a product of a tensile strength TS and a hole expansion ratio ? is 50000 MPa·% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Toshiki Nonaka, Satoshi Kato, Kaoru Kawasaki, Toshimasa Tomokiyo