Hollow Or Recess In The Structure Connected For Exchange Fluid Flow Patents (Class 165/56)
  • Patent number: 4296798
    Abstract: A house or other like structure is constructed out or ribbed concrete panels. In the outer walls a single ribbed panel is used with a thick overlying layer of insulation followed by a facade covering. Windows are double-paned and are installed in a concrete frame which is formed as part of the outside wall. The interior walls and floors have two ribbed panels facing one another, thus forming interpositional spaces between the ribs. By careful arrangement and interlocking of the ribbed panels, circulation of air is made possible through air circuits formed by the interpositional spaces, thus allowing for ventilation and, if the air is heated or cooled, enabling the interior walls to act as heat exchange surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1978
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1981
    Inventor: Horst Schramm
  • Patent number: 4290247
    Abstract: A heat insulation system for an attic and the like comprises a moving fluid barrier between layers of static insulation. In the disclosed embodiment the fluid barrier comprises a plane of moving air which extends over substantially the entire surface to be insulated. A method of circulating air through the air passage of the air barrier to reduce the temperature gradient between the attic and an underlying room is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1981
    Inventor: Robert J. Alderman
  • Patent number: 4285332
    Abstract: A building is disclosed an integrated solar heating system forming a part of the design of the building by a portion of the heating system being the structural support walls in the form of vertically disposed hollow vessels preferably made of metal. Insulation is applied to opposite sides of the vessels. A fluid is circulated from an upper manifold through heating panels to an intermediate manifold which in turn communicates with the upper end of the vessels. A lower manifold communicates with the lower end of the vessels and with said upper manifold by way of a pump. Ducts for circulating air to rooms of the building are in heat exchange relationship with the hollow vessels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1979
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1981
    Inventor: Thomas McHugh
  • Patent number: 4279241
    Abstract: Building construction having at least one wall with an inner surface and an outer surface comprising in combination therewith a heat energy absorbing member disposed outwardly of the outer surface for absorbing solar heat energy, heat radiating members disposed inwardly of the inner surface, and heat transfer elements extending through the wall, the heat transfer elements being in contact with both the heat energy absorbing member and the heat radiating members whereby solar heat energy absorbed by the heat energy absorbing member may be transferred therefrom by the heat transfer elements to the heat radiating members to heat the interior of the building construction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1979
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1981
    Inventor: John W. Himes
  • Patent number: 4269172
    Abstract: A solar hot-water system having an absorber formed of plastic ducting adapted to be arranged unobtrusively on a roof surface whereby the water is heated by means of direct radiation from the sun and by means of conduction from the roof surface on which the ducting is supported.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1977
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1981
    Inventors: Peter D. Parker, Robert N. Walton, Lawrence J. Walton
  • Patent number: 4250957
    Abstract: A heating and cooling structural arrangement for a building, such as a house, wherein the interior of the house is caused to assume the temperature of the ground. A liquid reservoir is located in the ground. A pump is to move liquid from the reservoir to a series of panels which are mounted as part of the interior wall structure of the building. If the ground temperature is 70 degrees, this means that the interior temperature of the house should also become 70 degrees. In the winter, the interior of the building would normally be heated and in the summer, the interior of the building would normally be cooled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1981
    Inventor: William D. McClendon
  • Patent number: 4203805
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for removing contaminants from water having solid contaminants dissolved therein. Contaminated water flows across a grid and into a storage tank. The grid utilizes solar energy to heat that water to a predetermined temperature. A heat transfer structure which is dome-shaped and receives water from the storage tank and a preheater means utilizing solar energy heats the water to a further predetermined temperature. An evaporator means receives the heated water and exposes it to a vacuum condition so that the temperature of the water is above the saturation temperature. The water is thus vaporized, and solid contaminants dissolved therein are separated therefrom. The solids are deposited on a plurality of moving belts and are then moved into a solids removal system. The solids removal system comprises a plurality of trap door pairs upon which the solids are deposited and which are sequentially opened so that the vacuum conditions existing in the evaporator are not disturbed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 20, 1980
    Inventor: Richard E. Diggs
  • Patent number: 4203487
    Abstract: Apparatus for climatizing a building comprising means including elements of a structural frame adapted to provide a portion of a facade for such building, at least a portion of said elements being hollow, said hollow elements being formed to provide for movement therethrough of fluid for supplying heat thereto or extracting heat therefrom, means for the delivery of fluid to and for the direction of fluid from said hollow elements, and said hollow elements being arranged for the mounting of facade elements to extend in bridging relation thereto and to be conditioned thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 20, 1980
    Assignee: Firma Josef Gartner & Co.
    Inventor: Karl Gartner
  • Patent number: 4144871
    Abstract: A solar heat collector features a collector panel of double compartment form. One compartment provides a dead air space and the other compartment is provided for heat collection purposes. Such other compartment is subdivided into a series of chambers by means of permeable heat transfer devices. One chamber at one end of the series is provided with a cold air inlet and the opposite end of the compartment is provided with a hot air outlet. Air passes from one compartment to the other by passage through the permeable transfer devices and intermediate chambers are provided with labyrinth baffling means to retard and slow down the flow of air to assure an even cross sectional air flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1977
    Date of Patent: March 20, 1979
    Inventor: Donald F. Porter
  • Patent number: 4143703
    Abstract: A building structure includes a plurality of structural load bearing wall portions in thermal contact with the external atmosphere and further load bearing means located inside the building structure in thermal contact with the internal atmosphere of the building. The structural load bearing wall portions are formed by a plurality of liquid tight, hollow load bearing panel members for the flow of a liquid at a preselected temperature therethrough. Each of the panel members includes inlet means for the introduction of liquid therein and outlet means for the removal of liquid therefrom. The panel members and their inlet and outlet means are arranged and connected in fluid flow relation to provide a predetermined flow pattern of the liquid through the load bearing structural wall portions. Pumping means are connected in fluid flow relation to the panel members for forcing liquid through said wall portions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1977
    Date of Patent: March 13, 1979
    Assignee: Isothermic Systems Limited
    Inventors: William E. Creswick, Cyril F. T. Rounthwaite
  • Patent number: 4069973
    Abstract: An apparatus for the storage of thermal energy and for the distribution of such thermal energy to the interior of a building. The preferred system utilizes prestressed, precast concrete decking panels with hollow cores through which a fluid conducting conduit extends to form a grid within the decking panels. Selected cores have spaced ports communicating with face surfaces of the panels to provide an air flow passage through the selected cores. Fluid from a primary heat storage is controllably circulated through the conduit so that the fluid and the panels provide a secondary storage as well as a heat radiator for continuous even heating while the air flow passages permit forced or gravity flow heating of air for rapidly compensating for an extreme or sudden heat loss.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1975
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1978
    Inventor: Douglas W. Edwards
  • Patent number: 4013120
    Abstract: The self contained, combined cooling and heating, air conditioning unit comprises a vertically elongated, generally rectangular cabinet adapted to be disposed in a vertically elongated, generally rectangular, relatively narrow opening formed in the exterior wall of an apartment building, small office building, townhouse or similar building wherein it is desired to have independent temperature control for the rooms and wherein the exterior building wall is, to a relatively large extent, glass or windows. A vertically disposed wall divides the interior of the cabinet into an inside compartment and an outside compartment which is in communication with the exterior of the building by means of an outside fresh air grille that extends substantially the entire vertical length of the outside facing end wall of the cabinet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1975
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1977
    Inventor: Martin Rheinheimer
  • Patent number: 4011989
    Abstract: A metal building with an integrated hot water heating system includes a heater for heating water, pipes connected between the heater and heating grids in the floor of the building and the structural columns and beams of the frame of the building for circulation of hot water through the frame and floor of the building to heat the building primarily with radiant energy, wherein a substantially uniform temperature is maintained throughout the building, and a savings of up to 70% in energy required to heat the building is realized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1975
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1977
    Inventor: Richard E. Diggs
  • Patent number: 3991937
    Abstract: In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a dwelling structure includes a floor heating structure including copper piping embedded within a concrete slab having insulation thereunder, having hot water circulated to the concrete slab conduits from a solar cell unit arranged along an upright outer wall of the dwelling at an elevation substantially beneath the floor heating structure and with a hot water containing reservoir vessel located at an elevation substantially above the floor heating structure in flow series in closed circuit for flow from the vessel to the floor heating structure downwardly to a lower portion of the solar cells and upwardly from an upper portion of the solar cells to the reservoir vessel, by heat convection flow, the solar cells being arranged substantially along the upright outer wall of the dwelling, and the individual cells being cylindrical rotatable cells rotatable around the elongated axis thereof, adapted such that the angle of incidence of sunlight rays is adjustable intermit
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1975
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1976
    Inventor: Volkmar Heilemann
  • Patent number: 3981445
    Abstract: A temperature modifying system for a building having windows, some of which are exposed to the direct rays of the sun and some of which are not. The system includes a plurality of double paned windows, a heat exchange unit, an air ducting system interconnecting the windows and heat exchange unit, and an air handling unit for forcing air through the ducting system. The air moves sequentially through the heat exchange unit, the air handling unit, the ducting to the windows, through the double paned windows and back through ducting to the heat exchange unit. Each window includes parallel transparent panels spaced apart in a conventional manner, but including apertures for the entrance and exit of air conducted through the system. Light and heat reflecting slat means are mounted between the parallel panels to reflect outwardly the radiant heat from the sun. A temperature sensing device is mounted to measure the temperature of the air exiting from each active window unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1975
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1976
    Inventor: Warren L. Custer
  • Patent number: 3970141
    Abstract: A heat radiating sled frame mountable under the base of an ice fishing shelter. When connected to a source of hot gas, the frame radiates heat, melting surrounding ice and freeing the frame and shelter for removal from the site where it has become frozen in place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1975
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1976
    Assignee: Erwin F. Wellendorf
    Inventor: Roger J. Raether
  • Patent number: 3948314
    Abstract: A building structure includes a plurality of structural load bearing wall portions in thermal contact with the external atmosphere and further load bearing means located inside the building structure in thermal contact with the internal atmosphere of the building. The structural load bearing wall portions are formed by a plurality of liquid tight, hollow load bearing panel members for the flow of a liquid at a preselected temperature therethrough. Each of the panel members includes inlet means for the introduction of liquid therein and outlet means for the removal of liquid therefrom. The panel members and their inlet and outlet means are arranged and connected in fluid flow relation to provide a predetermined flow pattern of the liquid through the load bearing structural wall portions. Pumping means are connected in fluid flow relation to the panel members for forcing liquid through said wall portions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1973
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1976
    Assignee: Isothermic Systems Ltd.
    Inventors: William E. Creswick, Cyril F. T. Rounthwaite
  • Patent number: 3930347
    Abstract: A plurality of structural unit bodies are utilized to construct a structure by suitably assembling the unit bodies. Each structural unit body comprises an outer flange and an inner flange extending from one end edge and the other end edge respectively of a box-shaped frame. A stuffed box is secured to the surface of the inner flange and the stuffed box is in the form of a flat box made of a dampproof material. The stuffed box is covered on the outside with a metal net-like material and has disposed therein a pipe capable of passing fluid therethrough. The box is stuffed with noncombustible materials. The upper portion of the middle section of the frame, the inside flange surface and the entire surface of the stuffed box is plastered or covered with mortar whereby there is formed a circumferential groove between the outer flange and the underside of the mortar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1973
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1976
    Assignees: Naomitsu Megumi, Tokyo Plywood Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Naomitsu Megumi