Gas Feeding Patents (Class 204/277)
  • Patent number: 10927467
    Abstract: The present invention provides a gas generator comprising an electrolytic device, a mixing chamber, and an atomizing chamber. The electrolytic device is configured for electrolyzing electrolyzed water to generate a gas with hydrogen. The mixing chamber is coupled to the electrolytic device for receiving the gas with hydrogen and mixing the gas with hydrogen with an atomized gas to generate a healthy gas. The atomizing chamber is coupled to the mixing chamber for generating the atomized gas. Wherein the maximum bore diameter of the mixing chamber is smaller than the maximum bore diameter of the atomizing chamber. The invention can reduce the possibility of the gas explosion by using the smaller volume of the mixing chamber and setting the anti-static device, since the smaller capacity of the mixing chamber has less hydrogen inside and the anti-static device is configured for reducing or eliminating the static electricity in the gas generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Inventor: Hsin-Yung Lin
  • Patent number: 10782741
    Abstract: Composite coatings having improved abrasion and dent resistance are described. According to some embodiments, the composite coatings include an outer hard layer and an intermediate layer between the outer hard layer and a metal substrate. The intermediate layer can have a hardness that is less than the hard outer layer but greater than the metal substrate. In this arrangement, the intermediate layer can act as a structural support that resists plastic deformation when an impact force is applied to the coating. In some embodiments, the intermediate layer is composed of a porous anodic oxide material. In some embodiments, the outer hard layer is composed of a ceramic material or a hard carbon-based material, such as diamond-like carbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: James A. Curran, Zechariah D. Feinberg, Brian S. Tryon
  • Patent number: 10522883
    Abstract: Methods for separating and recycling battery and electrochemical cell materials are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: RSR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventor: Timothy W. Ellis
  • Patent number: 10501824
    Abstract: A process of treating complex sulfide concentrate includes the steps of roasting wet or slurried complex sulfide concentrate in a furnace at a temperature of at least 720° C. to obtain a calcine; smelting the calcine under inert or oxygen free atmosphere in a smelting furnace to obtain a matte, and optionally granulating the matte to obtain a granulated matte.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY
    Inventors: Maija-Leena Metsärinta, Satu Jyrkönen, Jussi Liipo
  • Patent number: 10385463
    Abstract: The present invention provides a gas generator and comprises an electrolytic cell, a gas pathway, and an anti-static device. The electrolytic cell is for electrolyzing electrolyzed water to generate a gas with hydrogen. The gas generated from the electrolytic cell is transferred by the gas pathway. The anti-static device is set in the gas generator for reducing or eliminating the static electricity. The present invention uses the anti-static device to prevent the gas with hydrogen in the gas pathway from exploding by the static electricity, thereby providing a safe gas generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Inventor: Hsin-Yung Lin
  • Patent number: 9928492
    Abstract: A gas vending system for health application, comprising: a healthy gas generator module, a control module, and a charging/payment module. The healthy gas generator module is used to generate a healthy gas. The control module is connected to the healthy gas generator module for monitoring the usage state of the healthy gas and generating a volume consumption signal for the healthy gas. The charging/payment module is connected to the control module for receiving the volume consumption signal for the healthy gas and then generating a toll after computing. The charging/payment module is adapted to accept cash or charging a debit card or credit card according to the toll.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Inventor: Hsin-Yung Lin
  • Patent number: 9776163
    Abstract: A system for the integral chlorine dioxide production with relatively independent sodium chlorate electrolytic production and chlorine dioxide production is provided. The system may feed electrolyte solution into a solid-liquid filter, filtering out the crystal and eliminating sodium chloride and sodium dichromate. The sodium chlorate crystal may be fed into a chlorine dioxide generator after dissolving, while sodium chloride and sodium dichromate solution separately return to electrolyzer for electrolysis process. Sodium chloride may be constantly formed as a by-product in the chlorine dioxide production unit, and solution containing the sodium chloride is withdrawn from the generator and, after filtration, washing and dissolution, recycled back to sodium chlorate production unit. This way, there is no need of sodium chloride make-up.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: GuangXi University
    Inventors: Shuangfei Wang, Chengrong Qin, Xueping Song, Xusheng Li, Shuangxi Nie, Chen Liang
  • Patent number: 9570772
    Abstract: The invention relates to an electric power generation system for a water storage tank and a storage structure system for a water storage tank wherein the electric power generation system for the water storage tank according to the invention comprises: a water storage tank for storing rainwater or water underground for a specific purpose; an electricity generation part for generating electricity by utilizing water stored in the water storage tank; a cooling part for cooling heat generated at the time of generating electricity by the electricity generation part; and a cooling water supply part for supplying the cooling part with the water stored in the water storage tank. Thereby, dispersed electricity generation facilities can be secured by utilizing open underground spaces of the water storage tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: BOMECOTEC CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Jae Won Park
  • Patent number: 9496565
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to electrochemical systems for producing hydrogen and/or power. Various aspects of the invention are directed to reactor designs for producing hydrogen and/or power from a fuel and water, conducting ceramics and other materials for such systems, including mixed ionically and electrically conducting ceramics which can be used for hydrogen gas generation, control systems for such systems, and methods of operating such systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: Acumentrics SOFC Corporation
    Inventors: Reinder J. Boersma, Scott C. Rackey, Jack A. Shindle
  • Patent number: 9377448
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for providing a substance for the analysis of isotope ratios, at least some of the substance being contained in a liquid phase in which the liquid phase is subjected to electrolysis and, in the process, the substance or a pre-product for the latter is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: Thermo Scientific (Bremen) GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Krummen, Hans-Jürgen Schlüter
  • Publication number: 20150147593
    Abstract: An electrode for use in bio-electrochemical systems is described, including: a substantially planar electrode material; a frame comprising a non-conductive substance; and one or more first conductive substances linked or secured to the frame. Bio-electrochemical systems, racks for inserting the electrode, and methods of using the racks are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Matthew SILVER, Justin BUCK, Casey CHARTIER, Mark BAROSKY, James Ryan HAWKINS, Zhen HUANG, Quynh Anh Le TRAN, Tzipora WAGNER
  • Publication number: 20150136613
    Abstract: A method for electrochemically reducing CO is provided. A cathode is provided, wherein the cathode comprises a conductive substrate with a catalyst of a metal and a metal oxide based coating on a side of the cathode. An anode is spaced apart from the cathode. An ionic transport is provided between the anode and cathode. The cathode is exposed to CO and H2O. The anode is exposed to H2O. A voltage is provided between the cathode and anode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2015
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Christina LI, Matthew W. KANAN
  • Publication number: 20150125344
    Abstract: A bactericidal water generating system and a method of bactericidal washing which can enhance the bactericidal capacity and washing effect of acidic electrolyzed water. An electrolyzer electrolyzes a chloride-containing aqueous electrolyte solution to generate acidic electrolyzed water, the aqueous electrolyte being pre-adjusted to pH 3 to 5 with a pH adjuster. An acidic water container is connected to the electrolyzer, and stores the acidic electrolyzed water generated by the electrolyzer. A gaseous chlorine circulator collects gaseous chlorine generated from the acidic electrolyzed water in the acidic water container, and the gaseous chlorine collected is supplied to the acidic electrolyzed water in the acidic water container by bubbling. A transition metal supply unit is provided so that a transition metal-containing solution can be supplied to the inside of the acidic water container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: Minoru KANNO
  • Publication number: 20150101926
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing a combustible gas for use in enhancing or supplementing a fuel supply of an internal combustion engine comprising an electrolytic cell defining a first electrolyte flow path from an upper chamber to a lower chamber and a second electrolysis gas flow path from the lower chamber to a gas trap disposed in the upper chamber. The gas trap arranged to be in fluid communication with an internal combustion engine intake manifold for supplying combustible electrolytic gases produced in the electrolytic cell apparatus to the fuel supply. Further disclosed is a system comprising an electrolyte flow circuit and control unit for use with the apparatus for maintaining optimal operational parameters of the electrolyte undergoing an electrolytic reaction. The system arranged to regulate a flow rate and temperature range of the electrolyte for improving production of combustible gases within the apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventor: Steve Daniel BURNS
  • Patent number: 9005412
    Abstract: An exemplary electrolyzer includes an electrode plate assembly including a plurality of perforated electrode plates and electrically conductive busbars. The plurality of electrode plates includes one or more positive electrode plates interleaved with one or more negative electrode plates. Each electrode plate has a first aperture and a second aperture, the second aperture being larger than the first aperture and lined with a non-conductive grommet. The plurality of electrically conductive busbars includes a first positive conductive busbar and a first negative conductive busbar. Respective conductive busbars extend through the first aperture of corresponding positive and negative electrodes and through the non-conductive grommet of the second aperture of each corresponding negative and positive electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Hydro Genes Trans Inc.
    Inventor: Wen-Fu Pan
  • Publication number: 20150096886
    Abstract: A system for hydrogen gas enhancement of hydrocarbon fuel combustion employs a closed electrolyzer vessel into which water is circulated, and an electrode plate assembly immersed in the vessel to dissociate water into hydrogen and oxygen gases. Only water is used as the electrolyte fluid without any additives. An air injector in the water return line injects air bubbling for enhanced dissociation of water in the electrode plate assembly. The electrode plate assembly is formed by one or more unit stacks of 7-plates each, including two outer cathode plates, a middle anode plate, and two spaced inner plates between each cathode plate and the anode plate. The generated hydrogen and oxygen gases are maintained in a stable condition in the output gas flow by an electromagnetic coil assembly that separates the hydrogen gas from oxygen gas. The system can obtain 180% reduction in hydrocarbon fuel usage in a vehicle engine, and 20 times reduction in carbon emission from vehicle exhaust.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventor: Tasos Aggelopoulos
  • Publication number: 20150096899
    Abstract: The present invention relates to catalysts for the production of CO gas through electrochemical CO2 reduction. In particular, the present invention relates to an electrochemical cell comprising an iron porphyrin as the catalyst for the CO2 reduction into CO, a method of performing electrochemical reduction of CO2 using said electrochemical cell thereby producing CO gas, and a method of performing electrochemical reduction of CO2 using said iron porphyrin catalyst thereby producing CO gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicants: UNIVERSITE PARIS DIDEROT PARIS 7, CENTRE NATIOANL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS)
    Inventors: Cyrille COSTENTIN, Marc ROBERT, Jean-Michel SAVEANT, Samuel DROUET
  • Publication number: 20150083607
    Abstract: A low-voltage, low-energy electrochemical system and method of removing protons and/or producing a base solution comprising hydroxide and carbonate/bicarbonate ions, utilizing carbon dioxide in a cathode compartment that is partitioned into a first cathode electrolyte compartment and a second cathode electrolyte compartment such that liquid flow between the cathode electrolyte compartments is possible, but wherein gaseous communication to between the cathode electrolyte compartments is restricted. Carbon dioxide gas in one cathode electrolyte compartment is utilized with the cathode electrolyte in both compartments to produce the base solution with less that 3V applied across the electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 6, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: RYAN J. GILLIAM, THOMAS A. ALBRECHT, NIKHIL JALANI, NIGEL A. KNOTT, VALENTIN DECKER, MICHAEL Kostowskyj, BRYAN BOGGS, ALEXANDER GORER, KASRA FARSAD
  • Publication number: 20150075998
    Abstract: The invention generally relates to systems and methods for producing metal clusters; functionalized surfaces; and droplets including solvated metal ions. In certain aspects, the invention provides methods that involve providing a metal and a solvent. The methods additionally involve applying voltage to the solvated metal to thereby produce solvent droplets including ions of the metal containing compound, and directing the solvent droplets including the metal ions to a target. In certain embodiments, once at the target, the metal ions can react directly or catalyze reactions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Robert Graham Cooks, Anyin Li, Qingjie Luo
  • Publication number: 20150053552
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for electrolytically treating water which can include the influent inlet arrangements for cavitation and one or more pairs of electrodes. The electrodes can be suitable for a continuous anodic and cathodic operation for treating water. The pressurized influent premixed with oxidant gas, such as, but not limited to, Ozone or Oxygen can be pumped into the reactor vessel through the mixing nozzles preferably arranged radially along the circumference. A power source for each reactor provides voltage and current to the electrodes. The controller maintains the voltage and current to the electrode. The duration of each voltage polarity applied to each electrode can be preferably the same. The polarity of the voltage to the electrode can be periodically reversed at a set interval.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: MICHAEL FRAIM, Sanjeev Jakhete
  • Publication number: 20150034479
    Abstract: An exemplary electrolyzer includes an electrode plate assembly including a plurality of perforated electrode plates and electrically conductive busbars. The plurality of electrode plates includes one or more positive electrode plates interleaved with one or more negative electrode plates. Each electrode plate has a first aperture and a second aperture, the second aperture being larger than the first aperture and lined with a non-conductive grommet. The plurality of electrically conductive busbars includes a first positive conductive busbar and a first negative conductive busbar. Respective conductive busbars extend through the first aperture of corresponding positive and negative electrodes and through the non-conductive grommet of the second aperture of each corresponding negative and positive electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventor: Wen-Fu Pan
  • Publication number: 20150014183
    Abstract: A support device for carrying a selectively permeable membrane is disclosed along with apparatuses and methods of removing long chain hydrocarbons from a stream of gas. The gas cleaning apparatus uses, individually or in combination, plasma, catalyst and electrodes containing catalysts to perform the cleaning of the gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Galip Akay, Wail S. S. Al-Harrasi, Ahmed M. A. El-Naggar, Abdulaziz H. Mohamed, Kui Zhang
  • Patent number: 8932440
    Abstract: [Problem] To provide a plating method and apparatus which do not require preparation of a separate treatment tank for each treatment step and therefore enable the facility to be reduced in size and, further, which can reduce the amounts of use of the treatment solutions. [Solution] A plating apparatus feeding a plating solution to a treatment tank in which an electrode is arranged and plating a workpiece made of a metal so as to perform plating, the plating apparatus characterized by being provided with a plurality of pipes which are connected to an outer wall of the treatment tank and a switch valve which is provided able to rotate at an inner side of the outer wall and which has at least one feed port for making at least one treatment solution feed pipe selected from the plurality of treatment solution feed pipes communicate with the treatment tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Keiji Shinyama, Tomoya Uchida
  • Publication number: 20150008137
    Abstract: In this proposal, we provide a highly original solution to resolve/decompose carbon dioxide into useful by-products which provide industrial values to businesses around the world and meanwhile carbon emission control is the most importance. By taking high energy of light particles from Ultraviolet light, our innovational equation, (uv)+CO2+(AgM)+2H2?2H2O+(4e??)+C4+(AgM)+[4e??]?C+(AgM), is designed to break the quantum effect of electron bond between carbon and oxygen, hence to restore carbon and release oxygen to achieve reduction of green house gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Shu-Chin CHEN, Wei FANG, Yen-Wen LU, Hsun-Yi CHEN
  • Publication number: 20140367274
    Abstract: The present disclosure is a system and method for producing a first product from a first region of an electrochemical cell having a cathode and a second product from a second region of the electrochemical cell having an anode. The method may include the step of contacting the first region of the electrochemical cell with a catholyte comprising an alcohol and carbon dioxide. Another step of the method may include contacting the second region of the electrochemical cell with an anolyte comprising the alcohol. Further, the method may include a step of applying an electrical potential between the anode and the cathode sufficient to produce a first product recoverable from the first region and a second product recoverable from the second region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Kyle Teamey, Jerry Kaczur, Emily Barton Cole, Paul Majsztrik, Narayanappa Sivasankar, Andrew B. Bocarsly
  • Publication number: 20140332402
    Abstract: A process for producing hydrogen for use in a subsequent methanation process includes electrochemically converting water into hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen is depleted with electrolyte aerosols. Then, the electrolyte aerosols are separated from the depleted hydrogen in a wet electrostatic precipitator in a hydrogen atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2012
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY
    Inventors: Nikola Anastasijevic, Jan Holst, Andreas Orth, Markus Schuster, Bernd Schurtakow, Michael Stroeder
  • Patent number: 8882973
    Abstract: Embodiments include a cathode power distribution system and/or method of using the same for power distribution. The cathode power distribution system includes a plurality of cathode assemblies. Each cathode assembly of the plurality of cathode assemblies includes a plurality of cathode rods. The system also includes a plurality of bus bars configured to distribute current to each of the plurality of cathode assemblies. The plurality of bus bars include a first bus bar configured to distribute the current to first ends of the plurality of cathode assemblies and a second bus bar configured to distribute the current to second ends of the plurality of cathode assemblies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas LLC
    Inventors: Mark A. Williamson, Stanley G. Wiedmeyer, Eugene R. Koehl, James L. Bailey, James L. Willit, Laurel A. Barnes, Robert J. Blaskovitz
  • Patent number: 8864964
    Abstract: A system employs a closed electrolyzer vessel into which water is circulated, and an electrode plate assembly is immersed to dissociate water into hydrogen and oxygen gases. Only water is used as the electrolyte fluid. An air injector in the water return line injects air bubbling for enhanced dissociation of water. The electrode plate assembly is formed by one or more unit stacks of 7-plates each, including two outer cathode plates, a middle anode plate, and spaced inner plates. The generated gases are maintained in a stable condition by an electromagnetic coil assembly that separates the hydrogen gas from oxygen gas. The system can obtain 180% reduction in fuel usage in a vehicle engine, and 20 times reduction in carbon exhaust. It can obtain a 500% increase in fuel efficiency in an electrical power generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Tasos Inc.
    Inventor: Tasos Aggelopoulos
  • Patent number: 8852521
    Abstract: The present disclosure is drawn to methods and systems for producing solutions containing ultrafine metal particles. The method for producing ultrafine metal particles in an aqueous medium includes providing a reaction chamber having a transition metal anode and a transition metal cathode disposed therein. The reaction chamber can also contain an aqueous medium. An anode and cathode are associated at a distance with respect to one another such that when activated by a power source, a discharge arc occurs between the anode and cathode within the aqueous medium. Activation of a power source causes the discharge arc to occur between the anode and the cathode, thereby generating ultrafine metal particles suspended within the aqueous medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Brigham Young University
    Inventors: Robert H. Todd, Christopher J. Lewis, Jonathan George
  • Publication number: 20140291163
    Abstract: A method for electrochemically reducing CO2 is provided. A cathode is provided, wherein the cathode comprises a conductive substrate with a catalyst of a metal and a metal oxide based coating on a side of the cathode. An anode is spaced apart from the cathode. An ionic transport is provided between the anode and cathode. The cathode is exposed to CO2 and H2O. The anode is exposed to H2O. A voltage is provided between the cathode and anode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Matthew W. Kanan, Yihong Chen, Christina Li
  • Publication number: 20140262028
    Abstract: An open-bottomed reactor cell for wet processing of substrates can be configured to confine a process liquid to an area under the cell (processing the “internal site”), or alternatively to exclude the process liquid from most of the area under the cell (processing the “external site”) without physical contact between the cell and substrate. A slight underpressure or overpressure maintained inside the main cavity of the cell causes the liquid to form a meniscus in the narrow gap between the cell and substrate rather than flowing outside the desired process area. An area under a peripheral channel outside the main cavity of the cell is shared by both the internal site and the external side, allowing the entire substrate to be processed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 29, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Intermolecular, Inc.
    Inventor: Rajesh Kelekar
  • Publication number: 20140262795
    Abstract: A substrate processor uses pressurized gas to create a vortex for lifting and holding a wafer, and to create a vacuum to prevent the wafer from adhering to a contact ring seal after electroplating the wafer. A processor head has a rotor movable into and out of an electrolyte vessel. A backing plate on the rotor includes vortex outlets which create the vortex in the rotor. A vacuum channel adjacent to the perimeter of the rotor applies vacuum to the wafer edges to hold the wafer onto the backing plate. A solenoid or switch in the head has a first position to supply gas flow to the vortex outlets, and a second position to supply gas flow to an aspirator which creates the vacuum in the vacuum channel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Nolan L. Zimmerman, Randy A. Harris, Daniel J. Woodruff
  • Publication number: 20140272734
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods for creating high value liquid fuels such as gasoline, diesel, jet and alcohols using carbon dioxide and water as the starting raw materials and a system for using the same. These methods combine a novel solid oxide electrolytic cell (SOEC) for the efficient and clean conversion of carbon dioxide and water to hydrogen and carbon monoxide, uniquely integrated with a gas-to-liquid fuels producing method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Robert J. Braun, William L. Becker, Michael Penev
  • Patent number: 8834688
    Abstract: An alkaline production system comprising an electrochemical unit comprising a hydrogen-oxidizing anode, a cathode compartment comprising a cathode and a hydrogen delivery system configured to deliver hydrogen gas to the anode, wherein the system configured to sequester carbon dioxide with the cathode electrolyte; and methods thereof. In another embodiment, a system comprising a hydrogen-oxidizing anode in communication with a cathode electrolyte comprising bicarbonate ion; and an hydrogen delivery system configured to deliver hydrogen gas to the anode; and methods thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Calera Corporation
    Inventors: Ryan J. Gilliam, Valentin Decker, Bryan Boggs, Nikhil Jalani, Thomas A. Albrecht, Matt Smith
  • Publication number: 20140231269
    Abstract: The invention concerns a system of gas ducts (6) for transporting gas, for example, into electrolytic equipment, in connection with which there are means (13) for taking at least gas into the system of gas ducts, whereby there is a suitable number of gas supply holes (7) in the system of gas ducts in a wall (19) limiting the system of gas ducts, whereby the material, such as gas, flowing in the system of gas ducts (6) is prevented at least in part from passing through the wall (19) of the system of gas ducts (6). The invention also concerns equipment and a method for electrolytic recovery of metal, such as copper.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2011
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: OUTOTEC OYJ
    Inventors: Ville Nieminen, Lauri Palmu, Henri Virtanen
  • Publication number: 20140209458
    Abstract: An electrochemical cell that receives an inlet stream of air and produces an outlet stream of a high oxygen concentration of gas. The cell is made up of a plurality of layers and preferably a porous electrolyte comprised of yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) that allows only oxygen ions to pass therethrough and which is covered on its sides with electrodes comprised of lanthanum strontium manganate (LSM) which in turn are coated with a layer of platinum to aid in the even distribution of the electrical current. An electrical current is passed through the electrodes to produce a voltage difference therebetween. The layers of YSZ and LSM are formed by a sol-gel process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventors: Ravi S. Chandran, Lisa Klein, Sandra Mege
  • Patent number: 8778166
    Abstract: Process and apparatus to remove colloids and nitrogen compounds from contaminated water by coagulating the colloids and separating them from the water. The water is then continuously oxidized with chlorine electrolytically to destroy the nitrogen compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Potable Water Systems Ltd.
    Inventors: Jorge Miller, Luisa Kling Miller
  • Publication number: 20140183051
    Abstract: A system and method generate atomic hydrogen (H) for deposition of a pure metal in a three-dimensional (3D) structure. The method includes forming a monolayer of a compound that includes the pure metal. The method also includes depositing the monolayer on the 3D structure and immersing the 3D structure with the monolayer in an electrochemical cell chamber including an electrolyte. Applying a negative bias voltage to the 3D structure with the monolayer and a positive bias voltage to a counter electrode generates atomic hydrogen from the electrolyte and deposits the pure metal from the monolayer in the 3D structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 2, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Michael P. Chudzik, Min Dai, Rishikesh Krishnan, Joseph F. Shepard, JR.
  • Publication number: 20140166497
    Abstract: Method for treating sewage, comprising at least one step of electrolytically treating sewage, an energy transfer step comprising at least one selected in the group comprising: a temperature raising treatment, an ultrasound treatment. The electrolytic treatment and energy transfer steps determining the dissociation from the sewage of gas comprising nitrogen. Further, the method comprises a step of separating gases comprising nitrogen from the mass of sewage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Inventors: De Asmundis Fulvio ANTONIO, Masoero PAOLO
  • Publication number: 20140158547
    Abstract: Disclosed is a system and method for reducing carbon dioxide into a carbon based product. The system includes an electrochemical cell having a cathode region which includes a cathode and a non-aqueous catholyte; an anode region having an anode and an aqueous or gaseous anolyte; and an ion permeable zone disposed between the anode region and the cathode region. The ion permeable zone is at least one of (i) the interface between the anolyte and the catholyte, (ii) an ion selective membrane; (iii) at least one liquid layer formed of an emulsion or (iv) a hydrophobic or glass fiber separator. The system and method includes a source of energy, whereby applying the source of energy across the anode and cathode reduces the carbon dioxide and produces an oxidation product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: Liquid Light, Inc.
    Inventors: Narayanappa Sivasankar, Jerry J. Kaczur, Emily Barton Cole
  • Patent number: 8741112
    Abstract: An anode device for an electro-f locculation cell, is provided comprising a bed of metal granules (1c) through which raw water is flown from the bottom to the top, is loosely provided in a cell box (3) out of insulating material on an electrically conducting electrode (1) plate provided with insulating material nozzles (Da1-Dc1) and serving as current feeding means to the metal granules (1c), further comprising non-conducting, hydraulic tube connections (6a-6c) which are provided from the insulating material nozzles (Da1-Dc1) to outlet sockets of the tubular manifold (7) for raw water, and at least two gas injectors (9) for the supply of driving a gas which are protruding into the tubular manifold (7) and are connected to a gas supply device (8), wherein fluid connections for the driving gas and the raw water are provided from the outlet sockets (7a1-7c1) of the tubular manifold (7) through to the non-conducting tube connections and the insulating material nozzles to the metal granules (Ic) provided within th
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Inventor: Holger Blum
  • Patent number: 8721869
    Abstract: The present invention provides a high volume, foul-resistant electrolytic process for treating contaminated water comprising at least one upflow electroflocculation cell consisting of (i) a lower (or “bottom”) electrode (3) in form of a porous, non-fluidized bed of loose iron or aluminium granules kept in periodic motion by pulsed gas injections and (ii) an upper (or “top”) vibrating electrode (4) made of an iron or aluminium grid mesh or ribmesh. A voltage potential between the upper (4) and lower (3) electrode causes ions to be released from the moving electrodes. These ions oxydise and/or render insoluble contaminants in the ascending flow of wastewater and create easy filterable insoluble contaminants resulting in substantially cleansed water. Such moving electrodes electroflocculation cells are useful at municipal water works and commercial and industrial applications were large amounts of raw water have to be processed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Inventor: Holger Blum
  • Patent number: 8715470
    Abstract: Anode and cathode separator plates are suitable for use in ion pumps for converting an input stream such as reformate into a pressurized and purified hydrogen-rich gas stream. The plates may include a single cathode outlet opening forming a portion of cathode output gas manifold, an anode inlet opening forming a portion of an inlet gas stream manifold and being sized larger than inlet cathode outlet opening, the distance of the anode inlet opening to an edge of the plate being less than the distance of the cathode outlet opening from an edge of the plate, and the size of the fluid flow channel of the anode separator plate being smaller than the size of the fluid flow channel of the cathode separator plate. Methods for forming the plates and infrastructure systems are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Arne W. Ballantine, David C. Kirchhoff, James F. McElroy, Michael P. Gordon
  • Publication number: 20140102886
    Abstract: A combination air pressure system and a plasma ion gas generator system adapted for mounting next to an intake manifold of a turbocharged diesel engine. The system includes a water holding tank for supplying water to a plasma ion gas generator. The gas generator includes a housing with a plurality anode and cathode electrode plates. The system also includes an on/off switch and amp meter. The on/off switch is connected to the vehicle's battery. When the system is turned “on”, power is supplied to the gas generator for generating combustible gases. The air pressure system includes an air line connected to a vehicle's high pressure air line. The system's air line is connected to the water holding tank for pressurizing the gas mixture before it's introduced in the intake manifold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2013
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: CFT GLOBAL ,LLC
    Inventors: Kenny Kerstiens, Patric Galvin
  • Patent number: 8647480
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for providing a substance for the analysis of isotope ratios, at least some of the substance being contained in a liquid phase in which the liquid phase is subjected to electrolysis and, in the process, the substance or a pre-product for the latter is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Thermo Fisher Scientific (Bremen) GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Krummen, Hans-Juergen Schlueter
  • Patent number: 8641886
    Abstract: An electrolytic method for treatment of water to increase the dissolved oxygen content, the method including: (a) contacting the water with at least one first electrode device; (b) providing at least one second electrode device in non-physical, electrical contact with the water; (c) introducing an oxidant to the water, and (d) passing an electric current between the second electrode device and the first electrode device, so as to establish an electric field in the water of sufficient strength and duration to effect the electrolytic dissociation of the water to produce dissolved oxygen and/or hydrogen species.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Inventor: Andrew Peter Musson
  • Patent number: 8641887
    Abstract: [Object] To provide a gas decomposition apparatus and a gas decomposition method in which no safety problems occur in spite of the application of a relatively high voltage between an anode and a cathode for the purpose of decomposing odorous gases of many types. [Solution] A catalytic electrode layer 6 that contains a catalyst and is porous; a counter electrode layer 7 that forms a pair with the catalytic electrode; and an electrolyte layer 15 that is sandwiched between the catalytic electrode and the counter electrode and has ion conductivity are included. The catalyst is held by the catalytic electrode in the form of being carried by a carrier containing a conductive material or the catalyst is directly carried by the catalytic electrode. A conductive material in the catalytic electrode, the conductive material being in contact with the catalyst, is not a noncovalent carbon material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masatoshi Majima, Shinji Inazawa, Koji Nitta, Masahiro Yamakawa, Takayasu Sugihara, Yasuhiro Takeda, Yoshihiro Akahane, Takahiro Imai
  • Patent number: 8608935
    Abstract: One embodiment of the invention includes an electrochemical cell and an externally applied electrical potential used to drive a direct synthesis reaction to produce alane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: John J. Vajo, Ping Liu
  • Publication number: 20130327654
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for a photocatalytic and electrolytic catalyst includes in various aspects one or more catalysts, a method for forming a catalyst, an electrolytic cell, and a reaction method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Inventors: Tara Cronin, Ed Ite Chen
  • Publication number: 20130299358
    Abstract: Information handling system metal housing portions, such as aluminum portions, are anodized in an electrolyte bath agitated by a balanced air deliver system that reduces dead zones for improved chemical distribution and consistent temperatures at the metal housing portion. Equal-sized air distribution portions selectively couple to an air distribution portion to provide an air distribution system with balanced air delivery.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2012
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Inventors: James Slagle, Xue Ming Lu