Cells Patents (Class 204/242)
  • Patent number: 10490847
    Abstract: Inorganic plastic crystal electrolytes, also referred to herein as inorganic plastic crystal conductors or single ion conductors including [ABx-yCy]y?[M]y+, where A is a tetravalent to hexavalent atom; B is a monovalent ligand; C is an oxyanion; M is an alkali metal; x is 4 when A is tetravalent, x is 5 when A is pentavalent, and x is 6 when A is hexavalent; y is an integer from 1 to x?1 inclusive. [ABx-yCy]y?[M]y+ is rotationally disordered and ionically conductive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Arizona Board of Regents, a Body Corporate of the State of Arizona Acting for and on Behalf of Arizona State University
    Inventors: C. Austen Angell, Iolanda Santana Klein, Telpriore Greg Tucker
  • Patent number: 10439203
    Abstract: An electrode production method by which an electrode including an electrode active material layer formed on a surface of a current collecting member is produced includes, when a material having a lower bulk density between an electrode active material and a conductive material is used as a first substance and a material having a higher bulk density is used as a second substance, wetting the first substance with a solvent to prepare a wet substance, performing first mixing in which the wet substance and the second substance are mixed to prepare a preceding mixture, and performing second mixing in which the preceding mixture, a binder, and the solvent are mixed and granulated to prepare a wet granulated substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Inventor: Tomoya Mesuda
  • Patent number: 10435315
    Abstract: An electrolyzed water processor chamber with an anodic chamber having an anode plate held in an anode tray, and a cathodic chamber having a cathode plate held within a cathode tray. The plates are charged by an electrical current, to separate an incoming water stream into its electromagnetically ionized alkaline and acidic components, across an ion exchange membrane sandwiched between the anode and cathode plate trays. The trays can include sets of ducts and cavities, so that when the trays are stacked together, with the cavities aligning to form plenums for the routing of water between the trays. The trays stack as modular units, so that any multiple of the anodic and cathodic tray pairs, with their plates and sandwiched membrane, can be stacked together and function as a combined processor chamber, with end caps mounted on the top-most and bottom-most plate trays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: Cascade Ridge Industries, LLC.
    Inventor: Carl Halterman
  • Patent number: 10401742
    Abstract: Implementations described herein relate to apparatus for post exposure processing. More specifically, implementations described herein relate to field-guided post exposure process chambers and cool down/development chambers used on process platforms. In one implementation, a plurality of post exposure process chamber and cool/down development chamber pairs are positioned on a process platform in a stacked arrangement and utilize a shared plumbing module. In another implementation, a plurality of post exposure process chamber and cool down/development chambers are positioned on a process platform in a linear arrangement and each of the chambers utilize an individually dedicated plumbing module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Inventors: Viachslav Babayan, Ludovic Godet, Kyle M. Hanson, Robert B. Moore
  • Patent number: 10399064
    Abstract: The present invention provides techniques that selectively recover Re from reductive amination catalysts. In particular, the present invention allows Re to be recovered selectively relative to Ni, Co, and/or Cu, and particularly Ni, that are often present on reductive amination catalysts. The present invention uses a combination of oxidation and extraction techniques to selectively recover Re relative to Ni, Co, and/or Cu. Advantageously, the recovery is selective even when using aqueous solutions for extraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: DOW Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Stephen W. King, William C. Hoffman
  • Patent number: 10364502
    Abstract: A composite cell plate can include a polymer element laterally mated and interlocked, at a plurality of engagement points, with a resilient metal element. The cell plate can be used in an electrochemical cell. A method of forming a cell plate can include fitting a polymer element to a resilient metal element at a plurality of engagement points, and expanding the polymer of the polymer element such that the polymer element and the resilient metal element engage and interlock at the engagement points.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Inventor: Frederic Andre Marchal
  • Patent number: 10359038
    Abstract: An electrochemically actuated pump and an electrochemical actuator for use with a pump. The pump includes one of various stroke volume multiplier configuration with the pressure of a pumping fluid assisting actuation of a driving fluid bellows. The electrochemical actuator has at least one electrode fluidically coupled to the driving fluid chamber of the first pump housing and at least one electrode fluidically coupled to the driving fluid chamber of the second pump housing. Accordingly, the electrochemical actuator selectively pressurized hydrogen gas within a driving fluid chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Lynntech, Inc.
    Inventors: Roger W. van Boeyen, Jonathan A. Reeh, Mehmet Kesmez, Eric A. Heselmeyer, Jeffrey S. Parkey
  • Patent number: 10358733
    Abstract: This aluminum smelter comprises a line of electrolytic cells arranged transversely to the line, one of the cells comprising anode assemblies and electrical conductors mounted and connecting the anode assemblies. Rising and connecting conductors extend upwardly along two opposite longitudinal edges of the cell. In addition, the aluminum smelter comprises a first electrical compensating circuit extending under the cell and which can be traversed by a first compensating current in the opposite direction to that of the electrolysis current, a second electrical compensating circuit extending on one side of the line that can be traversed by a second compensating current in the same direction as the electrolysis current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Rio Tinto Alcan International Limited
    Inventors: Benoit Bardet, Steeve Renaudier
  • Patent number: 10344387
    Abstract: The solar fuels generator includes an ionically conductive separator between a gaseous first phase and a second phase. A photoanode uses one or more components of the first phase to generate cations during operation of the solar fuels generator. A cation conduit is positioned provides a pathway along which the cations travel from the photoanode to the separator. The separator conducts the cations. A second solid cation conduit conducts the cations from the separator to a photocathode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Nathan S. Lewis, Joshua M. Spurgeon
  • Patent number: 10337110
    Abstract: An apparatus for chlor-alkali electrolysis, comprising a cathode half-cell, an oxygen-consuming electrode arranged therein, a conduit for supply of gaseous oxygen to the cathode half-cell and a conduit for purging the cathode half-cell with inert gas, enables the flexible use of power by a method in which chlorine is produced in the apparatus by chlor-alkali electrolysis, wherein, when power supply is low, the oxygen-consuming electrode is supplied with gaseous oxygen, and oxygen is reduced at the oxygen-consuming electrode at a first cell voltage, and when power supply is high, the oxygen-consuming electrode is not supplied with any oxygen, and hydrogen is generated at the cathode at a second cell voltage which is higher than the first cell voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: Covestro Deutschland AG
    Inventors: Georg Markowz, Imad Moussallem, Rüdiger Schütte, Jürgen Erwin Lang
  • Patent number: 10337370
    Abstract: A system includes an engine and an exhaust conduit in communication with the engine. A water separation device has exhaust gas passageways in communication with the exhaust conduit. The water separation device has a substrate and a membrane on the substrate. The substrate is monolithic and extends around the exhaust gas passageways. The membrane is between the exhaust gas passageways and the substrate and has capillary condensation pores extending from the exhaust gas passageways to the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: Tenneco Automotive Operating Company Inc.
    Inventor: Michael C. Bradford
  • Patent number: 10329172
    Abstract: An electrode, a preparation method therefor, and uses thereof. Titanium or titanium alloy is used as a base material of the electrode, the outer surface of the base material is coated with a composite material coating, and the composite material coating is prepared by coating a composite material solution and carrying out drying and sintering. The composite material solution is a nanoscale solution formed by dissolving transition metal elements in ethanol. The nanoscale solution is an ethanol solution of the nanoscale transition metal with particles of the transition metal as solutes thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Yan Tang & Ruizhi Feng
    Inventors: Yan Tan, Ruizhi Feng
  • Patent number: 10333134
    Abstract: An electrode structure and its method of manufacture are disclosed. The disclosed electrode structures may be manufactured by depositing a first release layer on a first carrier substrate. A first protective layer may be deposited on a surface of the first release layer and a first electroactive material layer may then be deposited on the first protective layer. The first protective layer may have a low mean peak to valley surface roughness and/or may be thin. In some embodiments, an interface between the first protective layer and the first electroactive material layer has a low mean peak to valley surface roughness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Sion Power Corporation
    Inventors: Yuriy V. Mikhaylik, Michael G. Laramie, John Joseph Christopher Kopera
  • Patent number: 10301724
    Abstract: An electrochemical reaction device of an embodiment includes: an electrolytic solution tank; a first electrode in the first room; a second electrode in the second room; and a generator. The electrolytic solution tank includes a first room and a second room. The first room is capable of storing a first electrolytic solution containing a first substance including carbon dioxide. The second room is capable of storing a second electrolytic solution containing a second substance. The first electrode reduces the first substance. The second electrode oxidizes the second substance. The generator is electrically connected to the first and second electrodes. The first electrode includes a conductor having a flow path penetrating through the conductor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Inventors: Koji Mizuguchi, Shuichi Uchikoga, Hideyuki Tsuji, Satoshi Mikoshiba, Akihiko Ono
  • Patent number: 10259712
    Abstract: Peroxides and chlorine dioxide (compounds) can be stabilized for long periods of time (years) by combining the compounds with water that has been infused with dioxytetrahydride gas. Such stabilized materials can be used to infuse soft, solid substrates that can be used as sterile wipes, wound dressings, or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Inventor: Robinson B. Gourley
  • Patent number: 10259727
    Abstract: An electrochemical system and method are disclosed for On Site Generation (OSG) of oxidants, such as free available chlorine, mixed oxidants and persulfate. Operation at high current density, using at least a diamond anode, provides for higher current efficiency, extended lifetime operation, and improved cost efficiency. High current density operation, in either a single pass or recycle mode, provides for rapid generation of oxidants, with high current efficiency, which potentially allows for more compact systems. Beneficially, operation in reverse polarity for a short cleaning cycle manages scaling, provides for improved efficiency and electrode lifetime and allows for use of impure feedstocks without requiring water softeners. Systems have application for generation of chlorine or other oxidants, including mixed oxidants providing high disinfection rate per unit of oxidant, e.g. for water treatment to remove microorganisms or for degradation of organics in industrial waste water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: Advanced Diamond Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ian Wakefield Wylie, Prabhu U. Arumugam, Hongjun Zeng, John Arthur Carlisle
  • Patent number: 10232090
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides for co-electrophoretic deposition (co-EPD) of organo-functionalized strontium fluoride nanoparticles (SrF2) with a hydrophobic polymer in the presence of non-aqueous aprotic solvents. The co-EPD procedure can be employed to form a coating or self-supporting film for application to a metal implant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Furman, Stephen T. Wellinghoff
  • Patent number: 10222896
    Abstract: The invention provides a pixel structure, a transparent touch display screen and a manufacturing method thereof, and a display device. The transparent touch display screen includes a plurality of rows and columns of pixel structures arranged in an array, and each pixel structure includes a display region provided with an organic electroluminescent device and a transparent region provided side by side with the display region. A first and a second touch capacitor electrodes made of a transparent conductive material are respectively provided in every two adjacent transparent regions in the same row, every two adjacent first touch capacitor electrodes in the same row are electrically connected with each other by a first connection line extending in the row direction, every two adjacent second touch capacitor electrodes in the same column are electrically connected with each other by a second connection line passing through the display region in the column direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Inventors: Libin Liu, Can Zhang
  • Patent number: 10177389
    Abstract: An electrochemical device includes a plurality of electrode assemblies that define a plurality of electrochemically active areas. A non-electrically-conductive manifold includes a common manifold passage and a plurality of branch passages that extend, respectively, between the electrochemically active areas and the common manifold passage. Each of the branch passages includes a first region and a second region that differ in surface area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Inventors: Robert Mason Darling, Michael L. Perry
  • Patent number: 10167382
    Abstract: The invention relates to a sealing material, to a gas seal made of this sealing material, and to a method for the production of such a gas seal made of this sealing material. The sealing material contains a bromobutyl elastomer in an amount of 100 parts by weight, a filler material in an amount between 10 and 100 parts by weight for setting the volume of the sealing material, a curing agent in an amount between 0.5 and 3.0 parts by weight for curing the sealing material, and a cross-linking component in an amount between 0.1 and 2.0 parts by weight for bringing about a peroxidic cross-linking of the sealing material. This sealing material permits a particularly high vacuum-tightness (that is to say, a low leakage rate) in comparison to sealing materials according to the state of the art, and accounts for resistance, on the one hand, to aggressive gases and, on the other hand, to pump oils such as, for instance, perfluoropolyethene oil or silicon oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Inventor: Wolfgang Jurgens
  • Patent number: 10145016
    Abstract: Reactor/separator elements for performing the generation and/or separation of hydrogen gas with improved efficiency have a central core and a separation layer that, in combination, define at least one spiral gas flow channel extending from one end of the central core to the opposite end of the central core. In use, the reactor/separator element may be placed in a housing which constrains gas on the outside of the reactor/separator element into the spiral channel defined by the outside of the separation layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Inventor: W. Grover Coors
  • Patent number: 10128102
    Abstract: Disclosed are pre-wetting apparatus designs and methods for cleaning solid contaminants from substrates prior to through resist deposition of metal. In some embodiments, a pre-wetting apparatus includes a process chamber having a substrate holder, and at least one nozzle located directly above the wafer substrate and configured to deliver pre-wetting liquid (e.g., degassed deionized water) onto the substrate at a grazing angle of between about 5 and 45 degrees. In some embodiments the nozzle is a fan nozzle configured to deliver the liquid to the center of the substrate, such that the liquid first impacts the substrate in the vicinity of the center and then flows over the center of the substrate. In some embodiments the substrate is rotated unidirectionally or bidirectionally during pre-wetting with multiple accelerations and decelerations, which facilitate removal of contaminants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Novellus Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Lee Peng Chua, Bryan L. Buckalew, Thomas Anand Ponnuswamy, Brian Paul Blackman, Chad Michael Hosack, Steven T. Mayer
  • Patent number: 10053792
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are cups for engaging wafers during electroplating in clamshell assemblies and supplying electrical current to the wafers during electroplating. The cup can comprise an elastomeric seal disposed on the cup and configured to engage the wafer during electroplating, where upon engagement the elastomeric seal substantially excludes plating solution from a peripheral region of the wafer, and where the elastomeric seal and the cup are annular in shape, and comprise one or more contact elements for supplying electrical current to the wafer during electroplating, the one or more contact elements attached to and extending inwardly towards a center of the cup from a metal strip disposed over the elastomeric seal. A notch area of the cup can have a protrusion or an insulated portion on a portion of a bottom surface of the cup where the notch area is aligned with a notch in the wafer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Novellus Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Zhian He, Jingbin Feng, Shantinath Ghongadi, Frederick D. Wilmot
  • Patent number: 10023967
    Abstract: An electrochemical device comprises an anode and a cathode. An electrocatalyst mixture is placed between said anode and cathode. The electrocatalyst mixture comprises at least one Catalytically Active Element and, separately, at least one Helper Catalyst comprising an organic molecule, an organic ion, or a mixture of organic molecules and organic ions. The electrocatalyst mixture electrochemically converts carbon dioxide to one or more carbonaceous reaction products via the reaction: CO2+2e?+2H+?carbonaceous reaction products, at overpotentials of 0.9 V or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: Dioxide Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard I. Masel, Brian A. Rosen
  • Patent number: 10020508
    Abstract: A composite material as an electrode for a sodium ion secondary battery includes an active material crystal, a sodium-ion conductive crystal, and an amorphous phase. The active material crystal may contain Na, M (where M represents at least one kind of transition metal element selected from Cr, Fe, Mn, Co, and Ni), P, and O.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Inventors: Junichi Ikejiri, Hideo Yamauchi
  • Patent number: 10014170
    Abstract: An apparatus for electroplating metal on a semiconductor substrate with improved plating uniformity includes in one aspect: a plating chamber configured to contain an electrolyte and an anode; a substrate holder configured to hold the semiconductor substrate; and an ionically resistive ionically permeable element comprising a substantially planar substrate-facing surface and an opposing surface, wherein the element allows for flow of ionic current towards the substrate during electroplating, and wherein the element comprises a region having varied local resistivity. In one example the resistivity of the element is varied by varying the thickness of the element. In some embodiments the thickness of the element is gradually reduced in a radial direction from the edge of the element to the center of the element. The provided apparatus and methods are particularly useful for electroplating metal in WLP recessed features.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Burhanuddin Kagajwala, Bryan L. Buckalew, Lee Peng Chua, Aaron Berke, Robert Rash, Steven T. Mayer
  • Patent number: 10006763
    Abstract: A device that helps to properly align and install large pistons in cylinders is disclosed. Large pistons and cylinders are heavy and difficult to handle, and if the piston is not inserted in the cylinder perfectly in line with the length of the cylinder, damage results. The device holds both the piston and cylinder being assembled, and has a number of alignment mechanisms. A laser is also used to set up the device and to ensure that the piston is straight with the center line of the cylinder for proper alignment and insertion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: Reel Power Licensing Corp.
    Inventors: William Frank Buckminster, Joseph Henry
  • Patent number: 9988734
    Abstract: Disclosed are cup assemblies for holding, sealing, and providing electrical power to a semiconductor substrate during electroplating which may include a cup bottom element having a main body portion and a moment arm, an elastomeric sealing element disposed on the moment arm, and an electrical contact element disposed on the elastomeric sealing element. The main body portion may be such that it does not substantially flex when a substrate is pressed against the moment arm, and it may be rigidly affixed to another feature of the cup structure. The ratio of the average vertical thickness of the main body portion to that of the moment arm may be greater than about 5. The electrical contact element may have a substantially flat but flexible contact portion disposed upon a substantially horizontal portion of the sealing element. The elastomeric sealing element may be integrated with the cup bottom element during manufacturing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Jingbin Feng, Robert Marshall Stowell, Shantinath Ghongadi, Ashwin Ramesh
  • Patent number: 9945043
    Abstract: This invention relates to apparatus for electrochemical deposition onto the surface of a substrate. The apparatus includes an anode electrode 13 a support 12 for supporting the substrate 11 with its one surface 21 exposed at a location, the support 12 and the anode electrode 13 being relatively movable to alter the gap between the anode 13 and the location to define a chamber 23 between them and an electrical power source 18 with an ohmic contact to the seed layer 20 for creating a potential difference across the gap. The apparatus further includes a seal 14 for sealing with the seed layer 20 to define the fluid chamber 23; and the fluid inlet 16 and a fluid outlet 17 to the chamber 13.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: SPTS Technologies Limited
    Inventor: John Macneil
  • Patent number: 9891404
    Abstract: A polymer device includes: a pair of electrode layers; a polymer layer inserted between the pair of electrode layers; and an expansion-contraction suppression layer arranged between the pair of electrode layers, the expansion-contraction suppression layer being arranged away from the respective electrode layers, and the expansion-contraction suppression layer being configured to suppress expansion and contraction of the polymer layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Nagai, Takehisa Ishida, Yusaku Kato, Hideo Kawabe, Masayoshi Morita
  • Patent number: 9859124
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device. The method includes providing a substrate with a dielectric disposed thereon, wherein the dielectric has a recess formed by a plurality of exposed surfaces; forming a conductive film on the plurality of exposed surfaces; applying a surface agent to the recess so that the surface agent adheres to a portion of the conductive film; immersing the substrate into an electroplating solution comprising metallic ions; and applying a bias to the conductive film in order to fill metallic material in the recess.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Inventors: Li-Yen Fang, Jung-Chih Tsao, Yao-Hsiang Liang, Yu-Ku Lin
  • Patent number: 9845251
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a method for reducing the amount of polluting and/or valuable elements through application of electrolysis, in particular of the electrocapturing phenomenon. The electrolysis according to the present invention is applied permanently over time in a polluted water body. The predetermined action area (115bis, 115ter) preferably has a smaller extension than the water body. The at least one phenomenon (125bis, 125ter) is preferably powered electrically through production of electrical energy in loco through at least one renewable energy source (140). The method is suitable for purifying large expanses of water, like seas, lakes, lagoons and rivers, through plants operating permanently, however this does not rule out other applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Inventors: Antonino Abrami, Fabrizio Tamburini
  • Patent number: 9812727
    Abstract: Disclosed are systems for the electrocatalytic reduction of oxygen, having redox mediator/redox catalyst pairs and an electrolyte solution in contact with an electrode. The redox mediator is included in the electrolyte solution, and the redox catalyst may be included in the electrolyte solution, or alternatively, may be in contact with the electrolyte solution. In one form a cobalt redox catalyst is used with a quinone redox mediator. In another form a nitrogen oxide redox catalyst is used with a nitroxyl type redox mediator. The systems can be used in electrochemical cells wherein neither the anode nor the cathode comprise an expensive metal such as platinum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Inventors: Shannon S. Stahl, James B. Gerken, Colin W. Anson
  • Patent number: 9783897
    Abstract: A high pressure water electrolysis device includes an electrolyte membrane, an anode power supplying body, a cathode power supplying body, an anode separator, a cathode separator, a cathode chamber, a seal member, and a protective sheet member. The protective sheet member is interposed between the electrolyte membrane and the anode power supplying body and includes a frame part and a through hole formation part. The frame part faces the seal member as a seal receiving part in a stacking direction. The through hole formation part is provided inwardly of the frame part. In the through hole formation part, a plurality of through holes are provided. The through hole formation part has the plurality of through holes from an inner side to outer side of a range that faces an anode catalyst part in the stacking direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Kawasaki, Daisuke Kurashina
  • Patent number: 9738983
    Abstract: Compositions suitable for use in an electrolytic cell for producing aluminum are provided. The compositions can contain a powder blend of boron oxide, a titanium dioxide, aluminum, and titanium diboride. The powder blend can be compacted into tiles and arranged as a cathode surface. The boron oxide and the titanium dioxide in the tiles can be made to react under low temperature molten aluminum to produce titanium diboride in situ. The reaction yields a dense dimensionally stable wettable cathode substrate that can reduce the power consumption in the aluminum electrowinning process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: KCL Enterprises, LLC
    Inventor: Harry L. King
  • Patent number: 9711818
    Abstract: Disclosed are systems for the electrocatalytic reduction of oxygen, having redox mediator/redox catalyst pairs and an electrolyte solution in contact with an electrode. The redox mediator is included in the electrolyte solution, and the redox catalyst may be included in the electrolyte solution, or alternatively, may be in contact with the electrolyte solution. In one form a cobalt redox catalyst is used with a quinone redox mediator. In another form a nitrogen oxide redox catalyst is used with a nitroxyl type redox mediator. The systems can be used in electrochemical cells wherein neither the anode nor the cathode comprise an expensive metal such as platinum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Inventors: Shannon S. Stahl, James B. Gerken, Colin W. Anson
  • Patent number: 9689838
    Abstract: An analytical cell includes a first substrate with a first through hole formed therein, and a second substrate with first and second through holes formed therein. First and second solid portions protruding respectively from the first and second substrates are solid-state bonded together to form a solid state joint. By the solid state joint, the first and second substrates are joined together such that transmission membranes of the first and second substrates are mutually spaced by a predetermined distance, to form an overlapping portion. In the overlapping portion, an observation window is formed at a position where the first through holes face each other, and an accommodating part is formed between a lid member and the first substrate through the second through hole. One of negative and positive electrode active materials is provided in the accommodating part, and the other is provided between the transmission membranes of the observation window.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takanori Maebashi, Yoshiya Fujiwara, Mitsumoto Kawai, Nariaki Kuriyama
  • Patent number: 9673382
    Abstract: In order to solve the problem of the generation of the interspace between layers, the present invention provides an actuator including: a conductive polymer layer; an ambient temperature molten salt layer; and an opposite electrode layer; wherein the ambient temperature molten salt layer is interposed between the conductive polymer layer and the opposite electrode layer, the ambient temperature molten salt layer includes an adhesive layer in the inside thereof; one surface of the adhesive layer adheres to the conductive polymer layer; and the other surface of the adhesive layer adheres to the opposite electrode layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignees: Panasonic Corporation, IMEC vzw, Universiteit Gent
    Inventors: Maki Hiraoka, Paolo Fiorini, Bjorn Vandecasteele
  • Patent number: 9656896
    Abstract: A method of sterilizing a water supply apparatus according to the present invention, in a method of sterilizing the water supply apparatus by a sterilizer, includes generating sterilizing water in a manner of electrolyzing purified water, sterilizing water tanks, passages and a water cock of the water supply apparatus by circulating the sterilizing water, draining out hot water, sterilizing a hot water tank, draining out the entire sterilizing water, rinsing the water tanks, the passages and the water cock, and draining out rinsing water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventors: Goeun Kim, Myounggon Kim, Youngjin Kim
  • Patent number: 9651448
    Abstract: A liner system for detecting the presence or absence of water in soil includes a liner having opposite electrically conductive layers separated by an insulating layer, a number of electrodes embedded in the conductive layers, and a number of electric field detectors embedded in one of the conductive layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Lane Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventor: Kevin Marshall Miller
  • Patent number: 9647279
    Abstract: System and methods for reducing carbon corrosion in a fuel cell system are presented. Particularly, the disclosed systems and methods may be utilized in connection with preventing the formation of a propagating H2-Air interface within the fuel cell system. In certain embodiments, the disclosed systems and methods may utilize an electrochemical pump disposed in a cathode loop of the fuel cell system configured to remove oxygen that intrudes into the fuel cell system. In further embodiments, pumps may be included in an anode and a cathode loop of the fuel cell system that may allow for circulation of certain gases to prevent the formation of an H2-Air front with the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Swaminatha P. Kumaraguru, Jeffrey A. Rock, Balasubramanian Lakshmanan
  • Patent number: 9616142
    Abstract: The invention describes a method of reducing or preventing the growth of microbes on the surface of an object, wherein the object is of such material that it can act as a working electrode. The method comprises the steps of providing a counter electrode, and a reference electrode. The object is used as the working electrode. Electrical current is passed through the working and counter electrodes. The current through the counter electrode is varied such that the electric potential of the working electrode is constant relative to the electric potential of the reference electrode. Also described is an apparatus for reducing or preventing microbes on an object using a potentiostatic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignees: The Research Foundation for The State University of New York, Syracuse University
    Inventors: Mark Ehrensberger, Anthony A. Campagnari, Esther Takeuchi, Nicole Luke-Marshall, Jeremy Gilbert
  • Patent number: 9593430
    Abstract: The present invention is to provide a substrate holder which can effect a more complete sealing with a sealing member and makes it possible to take a substrate out of the substrate holder easily and securely, and also a plating apparatus provided with the substrate holder. The substrate holder includes: a fixed holding member and a movable holding member for holding a substrate therebetween; a sealing member mounted to the fixed holding member or the movable holding member; and a suction pad for attracting a back surface of the substrate held between the fixed holding member and the movable holding member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Inventors: Junichiro Yoshioka, Kuniaki Horie, Yugang Guo, Satoshi Morikami
  • Patent number: 9594284
    Abstract: A complimentary polymer or “dual-polymer” electrochromic device and methods of preparing the same are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: Ashwin-Ushas Corporation, Inc.
    Inventor: Prasanna Chandrasekhar
  • Patent number: 9593031
    Abstract: Embodiments disclosed herein include a generator for making hypochlorite from chloride salts and water. The generator includes an anode comprising a translucent tube coupled to a color coded electrode that terminates in a connector, having a chamfered tip, for connecting with a power source; and a cathode comprising a translucent tube coupled to a color coded electrode that terminates in a connector, having a chamfered tip, for connecting with a power source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Ogden, Sidney Ogden
  • Patent number: 9570762
    Abstract: An exemplary fuel cell component comprises a porous plate. A vapor permeable layer is provided on at least one portion of the porous plate. The vapor permeable layer is configured to permit vapor to pass through the layer while resisting liquid passage through the layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: Audi AG
    Inventor: Siddique Ali Khateeb Razack
  • Patent number: 9567679
    Abstract: An electrochemical cell includes a pair of bipolar plates and a membrane electrode assembly between the bipolar plates. The electrochemical cell further includes a first seal defining a high pressure zone, wherein the first seal is located between the bipolar plates and configured to contain a first fluid within the high pressure zone. Further, the electrochemical cell includes a second seal defining an intermediate pressure zone, wherein the second seal is located between the bipolar plates and configured to contain a second fluid within the intermediate pressure zone. The first seal is configured to leak the first fluid into the intermediate pressure zone when the first seal unseats.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: Nuvera Fuel Cells, LLC
    Inventors: Ed Domit, Scott Blanchet, Roger Van Boeyen, Kevin Beverage
  • Patent number: 9556526
    Abstract: A system and method for generating hypochlorous acid, the system comprising an electrolysis cell, a first fluid line configured to direct a first salt solution to a cathode chamber of the electrolysis cell, and a second fluid line configured to direct a second salt solution to an anode chamber of the electrolysis cell, where the second salt solution has a greater salt concentration than the first salt solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Inventors: Daniel P. Longhenry, Daniel L. Joynt
  • Patent number: 9556530
    Abstract: The invention concerns a system of gas ducts (6) for transporting gas, for example, into electrolytic equipment, in connection with which there are means (13) for taking at least gas into the system of gas ducts, whereby there is a suitable number of gas supply holes (7) in the system of gas ducts in a wall (19) limiting the system of gas ducts, whereby the material, such as gas, flowing in the system of gas ducts (6) is prevented at least in part from passing through the wall (19) of the system of gas ducts (6). The invention also concerns equipment and a method for electrolytic recovery of metal, such as copper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Assignee: Outotec Oyj
    Inventors: Ville Nieminen, Lauri Palmu, Henri Virtanen
  • Patent number: 9536679
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing trenched electrochemical double layer capacitors is provided. One aspect of the method employs state-of-the art processes used in semi-conductor wafer manufacturing such as photolithography etching for creating trenches in the electrodes of the double layer capacitor. Another aspect of the method employs a die-saw process, which is scalable and low-cost. The trenched super/ultra capacitors made by the disclosed methods have the combined advantage of higher energy storage capacity than conventional planar super/ultra capacitors due to the increased surface area and higher power density than commonly used Li-ion batteries due to the faster charging time and higher instantaneous energy burst power. The manufacturing processes also have the advantage of better manufacturability, scalability and reduced manufacturing cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Inventor: Johnny Duc Van Chiem