Gas Withdrawal Patents (Class 204/278)
  • Patent number: 10793455
    Abstract: A method of chlorinating drinking water on a ship with a production and distribution system includes a recirculation distribution network and device for injecting a chlorine compound generating free chlorine into the network in an injection point. A regimen set point is set for free chlorine concentration at the injection point between 0.4 and 1.2 mg/l. Free chlorine concentration is monitored proximate the injection point by a first probe. Free chlorine concentration at a point furthest from the injection point is monitored by a second probe. The chlorine compound is injected into the distribution network to maintain the free chlorine concentration at the regimen set point. Regimen chlorination is performed if the second probe does not detect free chlorine concentration variations from the regimen set or detects variations in concentration relative to the regimen set point lower than a safety limit and/or duration lower than a safety time limit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: FINCANTIERI S.p.A.
    Inventor: Paolo Celere
  • Patent number: 10689271
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates generally to oxidation of ammonia using electrochemistry. Methods and systems may include at least one sensor to measure the concentration of ammonia in the effluent and/or the concentration of chlorine gas in the effluent. Methods and systems may also include at least one controller in communication with the sensor and/or the anode to reduce the current density of the anode generating the chlorine, and/or to change the flow rate of the ammonia containing water entering the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: XOGEN TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    Inventors: Dorin Bejan, Craig Gagnon
  • Patent number: 10487411
    Abstract: A method for synchronous electroplating filling of differential vias and an electroplating device. Laser irradiation is adopted as an external energy field to assist synchronous electroplating filling of differential vias. A mask or digital maskless technology is used to precisely heat the vias with different positions and different sizes. The filling rate of different regions varies with the temperature difference, thereby realizing the synchronous electroplating filling of differential vias in one step. In the processes of immersion pre-wetting by the electroplating liquid and electroplating filling copper, the laser is used for preheating the wafer processed with vias. In these two steps, the laser needs to locally and precisely heat upper surfaces of the micro vias on the wafer through the mask corresponding to the micro vias on the wafer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Guangdong University of Technology
    Inventors: Yun Chen, Xin Chen, Dachuang Shi, Xun Chen, Qiang Liu, Jian Gao, Chengqiang Cui
  • Patent number: 10378116
    Abstract: A photoelectrochemical reaction device of an embodiment includes: a first stack including a first electrode, a second electrode, and a photovoltaic layer provided therebetween; a second stack including a third electrode electrically connected to the first electrode, a fourth electrode electrically connected to the second electrode, and an ion migration layer provided therebetween; and an electrolytic solution tank storing a first electrolytic solution in which the third electrode is immersed and a second electrolytic solution in which the fourth electrode is immersed. One of the third and fourth electrodes causes an oxidation reaction, and the other of the third and fourth electrodes causes a reduction reaction. The third and fourth electrodes have ion permeability. An area of the second stack is larger than that of the first stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Yuki Kudo, Satoshi Mikoshiba, Akihiko Ono, Jun Tamura, Eishi Tsutsumi, Ryota Kitagawa, Chingchun Huang, Yoshitsune Sugano
  • Patent number: 10371826
    Abstract: A radiation detector includes a housing configured to contain a volume of water, the housing including an interior surface adjacent a first portion of the water having a first net charge. The radiation detector also includes a first electrode coupled to the housing within the first portion of the water, and a second electrode coupled to the housing within a second portion of the water adjacent the first portion of the water. The radiation detector further includes a current detector connected in series between the first electrode and the second electrode, the current detector configured to detect a current associated with an ionized radiation product that enters the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: MORPHO DETECTION, LLC
    Inventor: Jared William Moore
  • Patent number: 10348102
    Abstract: An energy module includes a capacitance-based power source structure, charging circuitry, a DC-to-DC conversion system, and an energy control module. The capacitance-based power source structure is operable to supply a voltage when the energy module is in a voltage supply mode, wherein, when substantially fully charged, the voltage is at least 48 volts and to receive a charge when the energy module is in a charge mode. The charging circuitry is operable to provide a regulated charge voltage to the capacitance-based power source structure when the energy module is in the charge mode. The DC-to-DC conversion system is operable to convert the voltage into one or more regulated supply voltages when the energy module is in the voltage supply mode. The energy control module is operable to determine the voltage supply mode and the charge mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Inventors: Walter Lee Davis, Timothy W. Markison
  • Patent number: 10151036
    Abstract: A bypass electrolyzer system provides a system for separating oxygen and hydrogen from water, whereby electrodes are respectively disposed in first and second housings spaced apart by at least one membrane supported by at least one membrane holder. At least one bypass line connects the first and second housings so that during operation, hydrogen can pass to through the bypass line to the oxygen side and then back through the membrane to assist in equalizing pressure across the membrane during operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: King Power Company LLC
    Inventor: Forrest A. King
  • Patent number: 10072646
    Abstract: The invention uses wind turbine and/or solar energy to enhance the efficiency of an underwater and/or underwater in-soil bed of a compressed air energy storage system. The apparatus comprises a wind turbine and/or a photovoltaic panel to drive an onshore compressor, which provides compressed air energy into an underwater pressure vessel. The buoyant rigid-wall pressure vessel will be located and restrained under water or in-soil underwater. The pressure vessel may be horizontal or in vertical configurations as well as parallel or in perpendicular orientation to the shoreline. The pressure vessel may be constructed of high compression strength reinforced concrete or reinforced fiber plastic material that need not have a high thermal capacitance or high thermal conductivity because the exhaust from the pressure vessel feed a near constant air temperature to the turboexpander on the surface via several long vertical small diameter pipes through the 50° to 70° F. water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: EnisEnerGen LLC.
    Inventors: Ben M. Enis, Paul Lieberman
  • Patent number: 9937465
    Abstract: A gas-producing apparatus that produces hydrogen or oxygen, includes: an electrolysis cell that produces hydrogen and oxygen through electrolysis of water; and a gas-liquid separation device that is connected to the electrolysis cell and that receives the water and the hydrogen or the oxygen, wherein the gas-liquid separation device includes a first chamber and a second chamber, the first chamber and the second chamber are separated by a partition wall, and a lower part of the first chamber and a lower part of the second chamber communicate with one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Norihiko Kawabata, Kazuya Ushirokawa, Yasuhiro Ueyama, Shinji Yoshino, Reiko Taniguchi
  • Patent number: 9938992
    Abstract: The invention is a fluid handling process whereby a submerged pulsating low-pressure gas displacement pump is assisted by an inverted hydrostatic standpipe for the purpose of transporting ambient pressure liquid and gas. An apparatus with no moving parts pumps and transports gas and liquid at near-ambient pressure as a mixed medium by means of subtle design-induced pressure differentials within the inverted hydrostatic standpipe, siphon, pump chamber and riser, enabling conveyance over extended distances and inclined planes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Inventor: Anthony Michael Scotti
  • Patent number: 9884770
    Abstract: According to the present invention there is provided an ammonia synthesis method using solar thermal energy, whereby it is possible to minimize the load of collecting solar thermal energy, and especially high-temperature solar thermal energy. The method of the present invention for synthesis of ammonia using solar thermal energy includes the following steps (a) to (c): (a) conducting ammonia synthesis reaction in which nitrogen and hydrogen are reacted to synthesize ammonia, (b) heating a heating medium by solar thermal energy and the reaction heat energy of the ammonia synthesis reaction, and (c) conducting at least part of the water splitting reaction in which water is split into hydrogen and oxygen, using the thermal energy of the heated heating medium, to obtain the hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventor: Shinichi Takeshima
  • Patent number: 9708717
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a photochemical reaction device comprises a laminated body and an ion transfer pathway. A laminated body comprises an oxidation catalyst layer for producing oxygen and protons by oxidizing water a reduction catalyst layer for producing carbon compounds by reducing carbon dioxide and a semiconductor layer formed between the oxidation catalyst layer and the reduction catalyst layer and developing charge separation with light energy. An ion transfer pathway moves ions between the oxidation catalyst layer side and the reduction catalyst layer side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Akihiko Ono, Satoshi Mikoshiba, Ryota Kitagawa, Jun Tamura, Yuki Kudo, Chingchun Huang
  • Patent number: 9567727
    Abstract: A seabed-resource lifting device causing deep-sea mud that contains rare-earth elements to rise from depths of 5000 m or more. This seabed-resource lifting device includes: a transport hose that includes a first hose and a second hose and that hangs from a resource-recovery vessel to the seabed; a crawler-type collector that includes a first suction chamber that sends mud from the seabed to the first hose, and a second suction chamber that sends mud from the seabed to the second hose; a water electrolyzer that, using electricity supplied from the resource-recovery vessel, electrolyzes water so as to generate hydrogen gas and oxygen gas; and a gas-injection device that injects the generated hydrogen gas and oxygen gas into the first suction chamber and the second suction chamber, respectively. Mud that contains rare-earth elements rises with sea water due to the buoyancy of the hydrogen gas or oxygen gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: SUBMARINE RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Shoichi Sakamoto
  • Patent number: 9469910
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for the production of hydrocarbons from carbon dioxide and water, using electrolysis and two separate reaction vessels. A first reaction vessel (14) contains a positive electrode and a liquid electrolytic medium comprising water and ionized material. A second reaction vessel (12) contains a negative electrode and a liquid electrolytic medium comprising a mixture of water and carbon dioxide. The reaction vessels are connected with connection means which allow ions to pass between the electrolytic media of the first and second reaction vessels. A direct electrical current is applied to the positive electrode and the negative electrode to produce hydrocarbons (typically methane); and oxygen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: FFGF LIMITED
    Inventor: Steven Alan Wolfowitz
  • Patent number: 9257868
    Abstract: Systems and methods for controlling a hybrid power architecture to provide fuel or energy savings. Recharge time of an energy storage device (ESD) is reduced through the application of a controlled potential and ESD recharge time management over the life of the hybrid system through manipulation of the ESD charge state window of operation. Fuel or energy savings is achieved by controlling the partial-state-of-charge (PSOC) window of the ESD based on a recharge resistance profile of the ESD and by controlling a charging potential applied to the ESD based on a recharge current and/or the estimated recharge resistance profile of the ESD.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Christopher James Chuah, Herman Lucas Norbert Wiegman, Donald Wayne Whisenhunt, Jr., Roger Neil Bull, Kalyan Bukkasamudram, Connor Brady, Mark Gotobed
  • Patent number: 9217347
    Abstract: A method for treating exhaust gas condensates of an internal combustion engine, in which the exhaust gas condensates containing nitrogen oxides are delivered to an exhaust gas recirculation system and are cooled therein. The nitrogen oxides of the cooled exhaust gas condensates are converted to ammonia through electrolysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: MAHLE International GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Englert, Roger Gorges
  • Patent number: 9044746
    Abstract: A Ti02-based photocatalyst is fabricated as a composite of titania with adhered nanostructures which contain a non-noble metal in galvanic contact with a noble metal. The catalyst effectively overcome aging and/or deactivation effects observed in a system free of the non-noble metal. The composite material showed a corrosion protective effect on the photoactivity of fresh catalyst for over 180-240 days, and it enhanced the rate of the water reduction reaction relative to bare Ti02. Variations in porosity and non-noble metal content of the alloy portion of the nanostructures influenced the performance of the catalyst composite. The protective effect of the non-noble metal is through a cathodic corrosion protection mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Elizabeth J. Podlaha-Murphy, Savidra Lucatero
  • Publication number: 20150144500
    Abstract: An energy production and distribution system, a hydrogen production and distribution system, and a method are disclosed. The energy production and distribution system may include one or more previously decommissioned maritime resources positioned in floating and/or adjacent disposition with a body of water. An electricity generating apparatus may be disposed in an off-grid configuration on each of the maritime resources to generate electricity. Electrolysis electrodes may be electrically coupled with the electricity generating apparatus and may disposed to make contact with water in the body of water to perform an electrolysis operation to separate hydrogen from the water using the generated electricity. A hydrogen capturing element may disposed to capture the hydrogen separated from the water. A storage container may hold the hydrogen, and a conduit may be provided to transfer the hydrogen from the hydrogen capturing element to the storage container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventor: Guy L. James
  • Publication number: 20150096885
    Abstract: The present embodiments are directed to systems and methods for plating of work rolls. In one embodiment, a system includes an inner tank having an inner diameter dimensioned to receive a work roll, and an outer tank, wherein the inner tank is disposed coaxially within the outer tank. The inner tank and the outer tank may each include cylindrical shapes. A temperature regulating tank, positioned outside of the outer tank, may be in fluid communication with an annular space between the inner and outer tanks. An exhaust hood having a generally ring-shaped profile including a plurality of slots formed therein may suction fumes from the inner tank. An anode configuration also is disclosed, having a shunt incorporated into the anode, wherein current going to the anode passes through the shunt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: NEO INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Inventors: Michal Fedor, Milan Smolen
  • Patent number: 8974647
    Abstract: The fluorine gas generation device includes an electrolyzer. An electrolytic bath is formed in the electrolyzer. A cathode is disposed in a cathode chamber, and an anode is disposed in an anode chamber. As a voltage is applied across the cathode and the anode, electrolysis of HF (hydrogen fluoride) takes place. In the electrolyzer, hydrogen gas is primarily generated from the cathode and fluorine gas is primarily generated from the anode. Two heating furnaces are provided for heating NaF pellets packed in HF adsorption columns. Each heating furnace has two HF adsorption columns disposed therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Toyo Tanso Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshio Shodai, Masashi Kodama, Nobutaka Manabe, Noriyuki Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8974646
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a portable hydrogen-rich water generator that includes a separable drinking cup, an electrolytic cell which includes an anode, a cathode, a solid polymer electrolyte membrane, etc. and is disposed at the bottom of the drinking cup, a reservoir base on which the drinking cup is mounted and in which an anode reaction of the electrolytic cell is generated, a float valve which allows water to be continuously supplied at a certain water level from a water tank, and a power supply to apply direct current power to the electrolytic cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Inventors: Inchol Park, Ilbong Kim
  • Publication number: 20150060294
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to a compressed fuel storage system. The compressed fuel storage system may include an electrochemical compressor and one or more fuel dispensing units. The electrochemical compressor may be configured to compress a fuel source. Additionally, the compressed fuel storage system may include at least one low pressure compressed fuel reservoir fluidly connected to the electrochemical compressor and the fuel dispensing units and at least one high pressure compressed fuel reservoir fluidly connected to the electrochemical compressor and the fuel dispensing units.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: NUVERA FUEL CELLS, INC.
    Inventors: ADAM PRESCOTT, BRYAN GORDON
  • Publication number: 20150053569
    Abstract: An improved electrolytic cell, its method and system is disclosed. The electrolytic cell (12) is configured, at least in one design, to recycle the catholyte to increase chlorine capture and concentration in the output solution. The cell (12) includes at least an anode chamber (39) and a cathode chamber (35). And in one design, a chamber or reservoir (31) for that serves as a source of anions and cations for the anode and cathode chambers. The outlet (38) of the cathode chamber is preferably connected in fluid communication with the inlet (44) of a degassing chamber (14) and the outlet (46) of the degassing chamber is preferably connected in fluid communication with the inlet (40) of the anode chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Scott R. Limback, Barry R. Taylor, Kevin A. Wuebben, Marvin C. Trulsen, Lylien Tan
  • Publication number: 20150034492
    Abstract: Membrane-less electrolysis systems including an electrolysis chamber having an inlet for water, a cathode associated with the electrolysis chamber that includes a plurality of apertures within the cathode that fluidly couple the chamber with a cathode fluid pathway that is fluidly coupled to a hydrogen gas collector, an anode associated with the electrolysis chamber that similarly includes a plurality of apertures fluidly coupling the chamber with an anode fluid pathway that is fluidly coupled to an oxygen gas collector, a power source electrically coupled to the cathode and anode, and a pump fluidly coupled with the water reservoir and electrolysis chamber so that the pump is configured to pump water into the electrolysis chamber, through the cathode and anode apertures, into the cathode and anode fluid pathways, respectively, and into the product gas collectors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2012
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: ADVANCED HYDROGEN PRODUCTS, LLC
    Inventor: ADVANCED HYDROGEN PRODUCTS, LLC
  • Publication number: 20150034493
    Abstract: This invention relates to electrolysis apparatus 10 adapted to produce oxygenated and hydrogenated fluid, formed during the electrolysis of an electrolytic solution passed into the apparatus 10. The apparatus 10 comprises a first and second outer end members 12 and 14 and first and second permeable electrodes 16 and 18 spaced from one another. Each permeable electrode 16 and 18 are of a foraminous or perforated material. An inlet chamber 20 has two inlets 26 for allowing electrolytic solution to pass into said chamber 20. The apparatus 10 also has an oxygen outlet 28 as well as a hydrogen outlet 30. The flow of electrolytic solution through the permeable electrodes 16 and 18 will carry with it the oxygen and hydrogen gasses generated on the positive and negative (first and second) permeable electrodes respectively.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventor: George Anagnostopoulos
  • Publication number: 20150034479
    Abstract: An exemplary electrolyzer includes an electrode plate assembly including a plurality of perforated electrode plates and electrically conductive busbars. The plurality of electrode plates includes one or more positive electrode plates interleaved with one or more negative electrode plates. Each electrode plate has a first aperture and a second aperture, the second aperture being larger than the first aperture and lined with a non-conductive grommet. The plurality of electrically conductive busbars includes a first positive conductive busbar and a first negative conductive busbar. Respective conductive busbars extend through the first aperture of corresponding positive and negative electrodes and through the non-conductive grommet of the second aperture of each corresponding negative and positive electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventor: Wen-Fu Pan
  • Publication number: 20150038741
    Abstract: A device and a process for producing high purity CO by electrolysis of CO2 in a Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell stack and a gas separation unit, also the gas separation unit may be a Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell stack.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: Haldor Topsøe A/S
    Inventors: Friis Claus Pedersen, Bøgild John Hansen, Thomas Rostrup-Nielsen, Jens Ulrik Nielsen, Henrik Olsson, Kim Hedegaard Andersen
  • Publication number: 20150027880
    Abstract: The invention is a no membrane electrolytic device to produce subacid hypochlorous acid water by electrolyzing diluted hydrochloric acid, in which the electrode plates could be cooled by dilution water to produce subacid hypochlorous acid water more effectively.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: MIRAKLIN CO., LTD
    Inventors: Tae Hyoung Kim, Yu Ee Kim
  • Patent number: 8940151
    Abstract: Membrane-less electrolysis systems including an electrolysis chamber having an inlet for water, a cathode associated with the electrolysis chamber that includes a plurality of apertures within the cathode that fluidly couple the chamber with a cathode fluid pathway that is fluidly coupled to a hydrogen gas collector, an anode associated with the electrolysis chamber that similarly includes a plurality of apertures fluidly coupling the chamber with an anode fluid pathway that is fluidly coupled to an oxygen gas collector, a power source electrically coupled to the cathode and anode, and a pump fluidly coupled with the water reservoir and electrolysis chamber so that the pump is configured to pump water into the electrolysis chamber, through the cathode and anode apertures, into the cathode and anode fluid pathways, respectively, and into the product gas collectors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Advanced Hydrogen Products, LLC
    Inventors: Jeremy L. Hartvigsen, Aaron J. Hartvigsen, Andrew J. Hartvigsen
  • Patent number: 8932441
    Abstract: A system adapted to generate hydrogen and oxygen for use in hydrogen-based fuel cells is described. The system includes a power source, a first conducting element connected to a positive terminal of the power source, a second conducting element connect to a negative terminal of the power source, and a conducting medium adapted to electrically connect the first conducting element to the second conducting element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Inventor: Jeffrey Hines
  • Publication number: 20140374246
    Abstract: A liquid/gas cycling system utilized in water electrolysis to generate a gas mixture of hydrogen and oxygen is disclosed. The liquid/gas cycling system comprises an electrolytic tank having a first liquid inlet and a first gas outlet which is mounted on the upper portion of the electrolytic tank, wherein the electrolytic tank is adapted to contain water (for example, electrolytic water) and generate the gas mixture through water electrolysis. A first tank adapted to contain water has a gas inlet, a first liquid outlet, a second gas outlet and a pressure relief valve. The gas inlet is mounted on the bottom portion of the first tank and connected to the first gas outlet. The first liquid outlet is connected to the first liquid inlet. The second gas outlet and the pressure relief valve are mounted on the upper portion of the first tank. When the pressure of the gas mixture in the first tank exceeds a predetermined value, the pressure relief valve will release the gas mixture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventor: Hsin-Yung Lin
  • Publication number: 20140374243
    Abstract: A gas generator for health use is provided. The gas generator for health use includes an electrolysis device for electrolyzing water and producing a gas mixture that includes hydrogen and oxygen. The gas generator for health use further includes a gas mixing system coupled to the electrolysis device to receive the gas mixture. The gas mixing system is adapted to mix the gas mixture with water vapor, an atomized medicinal liquid, a volatile essential oil or a combination thereof to produce a health gas for being inhaled by a user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventor: Hsin-Yung Lin
  • Publication number: 20140367275
    Abstract: The invention provides a method for enriching air with hydrogen for subsequent use by internal combustion engines, the method comprising supplying a modified form of water; electrolyzing the water to produce hydrogen gas; mixing the gas with air to produce a hydrogen-air mixture; and injecting the mixture into the air intake of a combustion engine. Also provided is a system for enriching internal combustion engine air intake with hydrogen gas, the system comprising modified water; an electrolysis unit for producing hydrogen gas from the modified water; and process for mixing the gas with ambient air to create a mixture, and a venturi-based injector for inserting the mixture into the air intake system of the engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: GO GREEN HYBRID FUEL SYSTEMS
    Inventors: Chris MINGILINO, Leo BAILLEAUX, Charlie CORRY, Thomas FORNARELLI, Timothy TUTT
  • Patent number: 8906218
    Abstract: This disclosure enables high-productivity controlled fabrication of uniform porous semiconductor layers (made of single layer or multi-layer porous semiconductors such as porous silicon, comprising single porosity or multi-porosity layers). Some applications include fabrication of MEMS separation and sacrificial layers for die detachment and MEMS device fabrication, membrane formation and shallow trench isolation (STI) porous silicon (using porous silicon formation with an optimal porosity and its subsequent oxidation). Further, this disclosure is applicable to the general fields of photovoltaics, MEMS, including sensors and actuators, stand-alone, or integrated with integrated semiconductor microelectronics, semiconductor microelectronics chips and optoelectronics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Solexel, Inc.
    Inventors: Karl-Josef Kramer, Mehrdad M. Moslehi, Subramanian Tamilmani, George Kamian, Jay Ashjaee, Takao Yonehara
  • Patent number: 8894829
    Abstract: A water electrolysis apparatus is formed by stacking a plurality of unit cells. Each unit cell includes a membrane electrode assembly, and an anode separator and a cathode separator which sandwich the membrane electrode assembly therebetween. The anode separator has a plurality of inlet joint channels in fluid communication with a water supply passage, and a plurality of outlet joint channels in fluid communication with a discharge passage. The water supply passage has an inner wall surface at which the inlet joint channels are open, and an outer wall surface which faces the inner wall surface, the inner wall surface and the outer wall surface jointly forming an opening of an oblong cross-sectional shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Eiji Haryu, Masanori Okabe, Koji Nakazawa, Kenji Taruya
  • Publication number: 20140284209
    Abstract: A portable hydrogen and oxygen supply system produces gaseous hydrogen and gaseous oxygen from water. It separates the gasses and vents them into two separate chambers. The supply system creates water disassociation through an array of concentric hexagonal hydrogen collector tubes, anode rods and a cathode matrix, all of which are submersed in water. The anode rods and cathode matrix are supplied DC electrical current. The water separates (disassociates) as atomic hydrogen is drawn to the negatively charged anode rods and the atomic oxygen is drawn to the positively charged cathode matrix. The hydrogen, on its path to the anode, passes through the walls of the hydrogen collector tubes to be collected in the first chamber. The oxygen is unable to pass through the walls of the tubes, and remains outside the tubes to be collected in the second chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventor: Brian Daniel Gilman
  • Publication number: 20140261252
    Abstract: A combination air pressure system and a gas generator system adapted for mounting next to an intake manifold of a turbocharged diesel engine. The system includes a solution reservoir tank for supplying a fluid mixture to a gas generator. The gas generator includes a housing with a plurality concentric tubular electrodes consisting of both anode and cathode tubular electrodes with a series of interposed bipolar electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: CFT Global, LLC.
    Inventor: Kenny Kerstiens
  • Publication number: 20140246309
    Abstract: An electrochemical cell is described, which provides a reliable gas generation even under unfavorable environmental conditions and with significant changes in temperature and environment. Furthermore the cell has a long life time. The electrolyte of this electrochemical cell comprises at least one ionic liquid containing thiocyanate ions for the generation of hydrogen cyanide gas. Preferred substances for the composition of the electrolyte and for the provision of thiocyanate ions in the electrolyte are specified.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: COMPUR MONITORS GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventor: Christopher Frey
  • Patent number: 8808528
    Abstract: Electrolyte supply tanks and bubbler tanks for oxyhydrogen gas generation systems are provided which eliminate the introduction of electrolyte and water into the induction systems of internal combustion engines. Both types of tanks are equipped with porous polyethylene gas diffusers which break up incoming gas into microscopic bubbles, thereby facilitating the absorption of electrolyte mist and droplets returning to the electrolyte supply tank and minimizing splashing of incoming gas in bubbler tanks. Air diffusers having an average pore diameter of about 70 ?m are installed near the bottom of the electrolyte supply tanks, while air diffusers having an average pore diameter of about 35 ?m are installed near the bottom of the bubbler tanks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Inventor: David Thomas Richardson
  • Publication number: 20140217035
    Abstract: This disclosure includes a device for producing sodium hypochlorite or hypochlorous acid for water treatment, the device including: a cylinder for storing salt in solid form, adapted for being fed directly via a pressurized water pipe, and including one or more tubes that form one or more electrolytic chambers; one or more electrolytic cells received in the electrolytic chambers; the tubes of the cylinders being perforated to allow the contacting of the electrolytic cells with the salt-saturated water while preventing the electrolytic cells from being short-circuited by the solid salt. This produces sodium hypochlorite or hypochlorous acid from salt-saturated water in a cylinder, connected directly to the pipe of the water to be treated without the latter being loaded with salt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2012
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: MP TECHNIC
    Inventor: Michel Poyet
  • Publication number: 20140216366
    Abstract: An on-demand oxy-hydrogen fuel system includes a oxy-hydrogen generator which is incorporated into a standard internal combustion engine. A microcontroller activates the oxy-hydrogen generator when oxy-hydrogen is needed. The oxy-hydrogen is then mixed with blow-by gases from a PCV valve which are recycled through the intake manifold. The addition of the oxy-hydrogen provides a very efficient fuel source which can dramatically increase fuel efficiency and reduce emissions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Inventor: Serge V. Monros
  • Publication number: 20140209479
    Abstract: A wastewater treatment system and method for remediating wastewater and human waste that is self-contained and that has no connection to a municipal wastewater system and no connection to an electrical grid. The domestic toilet and wastewater treatment system can be powered by a photovoltaic panel as a source of electricity. The system includes an electrochemical cell that allows a waste stream to be disinfected in a few hours to a condition where no viable bacterial colonies can be cultured. The system produces a liquid stream that is suitable for system flushing or for uses in which non-potable water is acceptable. The system can generate hydrogen as a product that can be used to generate power. The system can generate nitrate, urea, ammonia and phosphate for use as fertilizer. The disinfected residual organic solids are also completely disinfected for potential use as an organic soil amendment for agriculture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: CALIFORNIA INSTITUE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Michael R. Hoffmann, Asghar Aryanfar, Kangwoo Cho, Clement A. Cid, Daejung Kwon, Yan Qu
  • Patent number: 8771497
    Abstract: An electrolyzer is comprised of an anode and a cathode which are in contact with an electrolytic solution, wherein at least one of the anode and the cathode is composed of an electric conductor having a gas permeable structure comprising a gas generating surface at which gas is generated by electrolysis of the electrolytic solution, a plurality of through holes leading from the gas generating surface to a different surface and allowing the gas generated on the gas generating surface to selectively pass therethrough, and a gas releasing surface which is the different surface for releasing the gas supplied from the gas generating surface via the through holes. At least one of a surface treatment which causes the gas generating surface to be lyophilic for the electrolytic solution and a surface treatment which causes the gas releasing surface to be lyophobic for the electrolytic solution is performed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Maekawa, Mitsuru Sadamoto, Souta Itou, Shin Fukuda, Kentaro Suzuki, Tetsuya Watanabe, Katsumi Isozaki
  • Patent number: 8758578
    Abstract: A photoelectrochemical cell (100) includes: a semiconductor electrode (120) including a substrate (121), a first n-type semiconductor layer (122) disposed on the substrate (121), and a second n-type semiconductor layer (123) and a conductor (124) disposed apart from each other on the first n-type semiconductor layer (122); a counter electrode (130) connected electrically to the conductor (124); an electrolyte (140) in contact with surfaces of the second n-type semiconductor layer (123) and the counter electrode (130); and a container (110) accommodating the semiconductor electrode (120), the counter electrode (130) and the electrolyte (140).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Takaiki Nomura, Takahiro Suzuki, Nobuhiro Miyata, Kazuhito Hato
  • Publication number: 20140166497
    Abstract: Method for treating sewage, comprising at least one step of electrolytically treating sewage, an energy transfer step comprising at least one selected in the group comprising: a temperature raising treatment, an ultrasound treatment. The electrolytic treatment and energy transfer steps determining the dissociation from the sewage of gas comprising nitrogen. Further, the method comprises a step of separating gases comprising nitrogen from the mass of sewage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Inventors: De Asmundis Fulvio ANTONIO, Masoero PAOLO
  • Publication number: 20140158529
    Abstract: The blue power generation system includes an electrolytic system to obtain hydrogen and oxygen from sea water. It also includes a power generating system to supply electrical energy to the electrolytic system and an installation to recombine hydrogen and oxygen to produce clean fresh water. More specifically, the deep-sea electrolytic reaction generate gases rising into reservoirs at sea level. As water is depleted in the electrolytic chamber, a low pressure is created in the electrolytic chamber. The pressure of makeup water required for the electrolytic reaction is used to drive a turbine and generate electrical power. A portion of the electrical power generated is used to drive the electrolytic reaction. The amount of electrical energy created is a direct relation with the depth at which the system is operated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventor: Samuel Sivret
  • Publication number: 20140150737
    Abstract: A hydronic catalyst device produces hydrogen as a positive catalyst for an internal combustion engine. The hydronic catalyst device employs an electrolysis unit and a current source. The electrolysis unit includes a water container includes a hydrogen/oxygen separator for defining an oxygen chamber and a hydrogen chamber within the water container, a hydrogen outlet for connecting the hydrogen chamber to the internal combustion engine and an oxygen vent for venting the oxygen chamber to atmosphere. The electrolysis unit further includes a water electrolysis conductor within the water container to electrolysis any water in response to a flow of current through the water electrolysis conductor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Inventor: Terry Joe McMurray
  • Patent number: 8734622
    Abstract: An electrolyte electrolyzer adapted to create hydrogen and oxygen from electrolyte fluid at or near atmospheric pressure. The electrolyzer is comprised in a preferred form of a plurality of cells which collectively create oxygen and hydrogen chambers separated by an ion permeable membrane. The electrolyzer is further defined by a passive electrode that is electrically interposed between a charged anode and cathode. The chambers defined by the cells are in communication with oxygen and hydrogen supply lines to transfer the hydrogen gas from the unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Wood Stone Corporation
    Inventor: Tadeusz Karabin
  • Patent number: 8734625
    Abstract: A hydrogen generation device (100) of the present invention includes: a transparent substrate (1); a photocatalytic electrode (4) formed of a transparent conductive layer (2) and a photocatalytic layer (3) disposed on the transparent substrate (1); a counter electrode (8) connected electrically to the transparent conductive layer (2); a water-containing electrolyte solution layer provided between the photocatalytic electrode (3) and the counter electrode (8); a separator (6) that separates the electrolyte solution layer into a first electrolyte solution layer (5) in contact with the photocatalytic electrode (4) and a second electrolyte solution layer (7) in contact with the counter electrode (8); a first gas outlet (14) for discharging a gas generated in the first electrolyte solution layer (5); and a second gas outlet (15) for discharging a gas generated in the second electrolyte solution layer (7).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Takahiro Suzuki, Takaiki Nomura, Kazuhito Hatoh, Noboru Taniguchi, Tomohiro Kuroha, Kenichi Tokuhiro
  • Patent number: 8715470
    Abstract: Anode and cathode separator plates are suitable for use in ion pumps for converting an input stream such as reformate into a pressurized and purified hydrogen-rich gas stream. The plates may include a single cathode outlet opening forming a portion of cathode output gas manifold, an anode inlet opening forming a portion of an inlet gas stream manifold and being sized larger than inlet cathode outlet opening, the distance of the anode inlet opening to an edge of the plate being less than the distance of the cathode outlet opening from an edge of the plate, and the size of the fluid flow channel of the anode separator plate being smaller than the size of the fluid flow channel of the cathode separator plate. Methods for forming the plates and infrastructure systems are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Arne W. Ballantine, David C. Kirchhoff, James F. McElroy, Michael P. Gordon