Heterocyclic Compound Produced Patents (Class 205/422)
  • Patent number: 9216946
    Abstract: [Problem] It is to provide a method of producing basic amino acid or basic amino acid salt suitable for each use for medicine, industrial use, feed, food additive and the like, by a simple method to remove HCl from HCl salt of basic amino acid efficiently. [Solving Means] The above problem is solved by a method of producing a basic amino acid or a basic amino acid salt which comprises allowing to coexist a weak acid in a basic amino acid HCl salt solution, when the solution is dechlorinated using an anion-exchange resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: AJINOMOTO CO., INC.
    Inventors: Yuta Oguchi, Gaku Hamada, Kazuhiro Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 8177963
    Abstract: This invention relates to the partial hydrogenation of sulfur containing petroleum feedstreams by electrochemical means. The partially hydrogenated feedstream is then conducted to processes for either conversion and removal of at least some of the sulfur-containing species from the electrochemical desulfurization process or adsorption and removal of at least some of the sulfur-containing species from the electrochemical desulfurization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Mark A. Greaney, Kun Wang, Frank C. Wang
  • Patent number: 7964084
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods and apparatus for activation of a low reactivity, non-polar chemical compound. In one example embodiment, the method comprises introducing the low reactivity chemical compound to a catalyst. At least one of (a) an oxidizing agent or a reducing agent and (b) a polar compound is provided to the catalyst and the chemical compound. An alternating current is applied to the catalyst to produce an activation reaction in the chemical compound. This activation reaction produces a useful product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignees: Catelectric Corp., The University of Connecticut
    Inventors: Victor Stancovski, Steven Lawrence Suib, Boxun Hu
  • Patent number: 7950221
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods and apparatus for controlling catalytic processes, including catalyst regeneration and soot elimination. An alternating current is applied to a catalyst layer and a polarization impedance of the catalyst layer is monitored. The polarization impedance may be controlled by varying the asymmetrical alternating current. At least one of water, oxygen, steam and heat may be provided to the catalyst layer to enhance an oxidation reaction for soot elimination and/or to regenerate the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2011
    Assignee: Catelectric Corp.
    Inventor: Victor Stancovski
  • Publication number: 20100310800
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing a metallized substrate, comprising the steps consisting in: grafting onto said substrate a compound of polymer type optionally bearing a group that is capable of chelating at least one metal ion; placing said compound of polymer type that is capable of chelating at least one metal ion in contact with at least one metal ion, and subjecting the compound of polymer type to conditions for reducing said chelated metal ion(s), and repeating the chelation/reduction steps until a metallized substrate is obtained. The present invention also relates to the substrate obtained during this process and to the uses thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2010
    Publication date: December 9, 2010
    Applicant: COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
    Inventors: Thomas Berthelot, Pascal Viel, Alexandre Garcia, Sébastien Roussel
  • Patent number: 7767073
    Abstract: Use of an organic compound salt of general formula A-XY??(I) wherein A means an organic residue, X means a charged group and Y means a counter-ion, as a reagent in an electrochemical reaction and organic compound salt corresponding to the formula R1R2ZC-T-Q-XY wherein X is a charged group, Y is a counter-ion, Z is a group capable of being substituted, R1 and R2 mean organic residues, T means a group containing a hetero atom selected among N-R4, O and S, and Q means a connecting group linking the hetero atom and the charged group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: Solvay S.A.
    Inventors: Roland Callens, Frank Becu, Frans Borremans, Franky Fant
  • Patent number: 7201835
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of orthoesters of the general formula I, where the radicals have the following meaning R1: hydrogen, C1- to C20-alkyl, C2- to C20-alkenyl, C2- to C20-alkynyl, C3- to C12-cycloalkyl, C4- to C20-cycloalkylalkyl or C4- to C10-aryl R2, R3: C1- to C20-alkyl, C3- to C12-cycloalkyl, and C4- to C20-cycloalkylalkyl or R2 and R3 together form C2- to C10-alkylene R4: C1- to C4-alkyl, by electrochemically oxidizing a compound of the general formula II in which the radicals R1 to R3 have the same meaning as in the general formula I and R5 is a saturated or unsaturated 5- or 6-membered heterocycloalkyl radical or heterocycloaryl radical having up to 2 heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of N, O and S, where this radical is bonded to the remaining part of the molecule via a carbon atom which is situated in the adjacent position to a heteroatom, in the presence of C1- to C4-alcohols (alcohols A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2007
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hermann Puetter, Andreas Fischer
  • Patent number: 7097757
    Abstract: A new class of polymers with a highly ordered state having unique electrical, electronic, optical, ferromagnetic, piezoelectric, ionic, or superconducting properties are achieved. The polymers are highly crystalline, exhibiting both long and short range order, and an associated nanoscale lattice parameter. The polymers are fabricated by forming a conductive set of nanoscale waveguides (composed of functional molecules and charge carriers, i.e., polarons, bipolarons, superpolarons, spins, ions, copper pair electrons) throughout a polymer lattice. These “molecular waveguides” are characterized by a width or diameter comparable to the size of the lattice cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Fractal Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Matt Aldissi
  • Patent number: 6969451
    Abstract: A fluid-type multiple electrochemical system. The system includes a substrate for an electric circuit having a plurality of electrode parts formed at regular intervals. The electrode parts each include a reference electrode and an auxiliary electrode. Also provided is a fluid-type substrate having a fluid injection part, a fluid ejection part and a plurality of fluid storages. The fluid storages are formed at the same regular intervals as the electrode parts of the substrate and are connected with each other through fluid passages. The system also includes a sensor substrate having a plurality of unit sensors formed at the same regular intervals as the electrode parts of the substrate. Each unit sensor has an electrode part, an electrode pad for supplying power voltage simultaneously, and an electrode wiring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2005
    Assignee: Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
    Inventors: Dong-Ho Shin, Sun Kil Kang, Hyokyum Kim, Haesik Yang, Youn Tae Kim
  • Patent number: 6752917
    Abstract: A novel process for the continuous preparation of perfluorinated organic compounds by electrochemical fluorination of the parent non-fluorinated or partially fluorinated organic compounds, in which the quantity of charge which the electrolyte can still take up is kept in the range from about 5 Ah per kg of electrolyte to about 600 Ah per kg of electrolyte during the electrochemical fluorination, can be operated continuously over a prolonged period of time without the electrode area-time yield decreasing over time and without the formation of polymeric by products occurring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Andreas Bulan, Joachim Herzig
  • Patent number: 6627063
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the electrochemical reduction of vat and sulfur dyes in aqueous solutions, in steady-state conditions of reaction and a cycle which is largely free of reducing agents. The invention also relates to apparatus for carrying out said method. The steady-state conditions of reaction are obtained by means of a start reaction. The substances used for this reaction and the products resulting therefrom are extracted from the cycle. To maintain the cycle only dyes, an alkali and possibly small quantities of additional substances, such as surface-active agents, need to be added. No other chemicals active in the oxidation-reduction process are used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Inventors: Walter Marte, Otmar Dossenbach, Ulrich Meyer
  • Publication number: 20020153261
    Abstract: Herein are disclosed a method for producing a basic amino acid solution which comprises subjecting a solution of a basic amino acid salt to electrodialysis with the use of an electrodialyser equipped with cation exchange membranes and anion exchange membranes in combination, wherein an alkali aqueous solution is added to the solution of a basic amino acid salt during the electrodialysis, whereby not only desalting is caused but also the counter anions of the basic amino acid are removed to such degree that the said counter anions remain in an amount of 40 mol % or smaller based on the basic amino acid, as well as a method for producing a basic amino acid solution which comprises subjecting a solution of a basic amino acid salt to electrodialysis with the use of an electrodialyser equipped with anion exchange membrane alone, wherein an alkali aqueous solution is added to the solution of a basic amino acid salt to adjust the pH of the solution to 7 to 10 during the electrodialysis, whereby the counter anions ar
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2002
    Publication date: October 24, 2002
    Applicant: AJINOMOTO CO., INC.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Toshiya Tanabe, Yasuhiro Maruta
  • Patent number: 6419814
    Abstract: Organoiodonium salts, including certain novel symmetrical and unsymmetrical diaryliodonium;. polyiodonium and cyclic iodonium salts are synthesized by a significantly improved electrochemical coupling reaction which provides greater control and selectivity over the end product produced. Reaction mixtures comprising aryliodides and/or aromatic substrates are electrolyzed in novel reaction mediums comprising strong acid electrolyte, lower carboxylic acid, and preferably in the presence of acid anhydride in amounts >10 percent by-weight, and up to 50 percent by-weight or more, to provide a high degree of product selectivity, and at yields which can even be quantitative. The methods are conducted by introducing the electrolysis reaction mixture into an undivided electrochemical cell equipped with a cathode and preferably a conductive carbon anode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2002
    Assignee: Cornell Development LLC
    Inventors: Derek Pletcher, Norman L. Weinberg
  • Patent number: 6398938
    Abstract: One embodiment of the present invention provides a process, which includes: electrochemically oxidizing at least one organic compound by bringing the organic compound into contact with an anode, wherein the anode includes: an electrically conductive support; and an electrically conductive, anodically polarized layer on the support; wherein the anodically polarized layer is formed in situ upon the support by precoating; and wherein the organic compound is not phosphonomethyliminodiacetic acid. Another embodiment of the present invention provides a product, produced by the above process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2002
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Claudia Merk, Günther Huber
  • Publication number: 20020043470
    Abstract: In a water-continuous system and a polymerization method, the water-continuous system comprises a polymerizable aromatic compound as an oil, water and a non-ionic surfactant, wherein the polymerizable aromatic compound is a component from the group consisting of: thiophene, furan and alkyl, alkoxy or alkylenedioxy derivatives of thiophene and furan. The non-ionic surfactant is an alkyl polyethoxylate and/or an alkyl polyglucoside.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2001
    Publication date: April 18, 2002
    Inventors: Franz-Hubert Haegel, Julia Schlupen, Joachim Walter Schultze, Stephan Winkels
  • Patent number: 6294069
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of chiral 2-aryl or 2-heterocyclyl-propionic acids of the formula wherein the substituents are as defined in the specification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2001
    Assignee: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Muriel Durandetti, Isabelle Lachaise, Jean-Yves Nedelec, Jacques Perichon
  • Patent number: 6207838
    Abstract: Electrolysis of organic disulfides in liquid sulfur dioxide is used to obtain organothiating agents, which can then be reacted with appropriate substrates to effect the synthesis of organothioaromatic compounds efficiently and in high yields. With appropriate phenolic compounds, regioselective substitution occurs in which para substitution greatly exceeds ortho substitution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2001
    Assignee: The University of Arizona
    Inventors: Richard S. Glass, Viatcheslav V. Jouikov
  • Patent number: 5578188
    Abstract: A film of a composite material is deposited by electropolymerization onto electrically conductive surface. A mixture comprising a monomer, a substance forming a dopant, a supporting electrolyte and a solvent is subjected to electrolysis in which the conductive surface to be coated is used as either cathode or anode. The cathode or anode is polarized to a potential between the electron transfer between the electrically conductive surface and the monomer. Prior to electrolysis, a solution is made from the mixture containing the substance forming a dopant either as anion, cation, molecule, and/or as undissociated complex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1996
    Assignee: "Recherche et Developpment du Groupe Cockerill Sambre" en abrege "RD-CS"
    Inventors: Marc Mertens, Lucien Martinot, Cedric Calberg, Robert Jerome, Jean Schrijnemackers
  • Patent number: 5567297
    Abstract: A process for depositing by electropolymerization an organic film onto an electrically conductive surface, wherein use is made of a mixture comprising (a) at least one monomer suited for forming a polymer onto said surface, (b) at least one material which can be linked to said polymer, (c) a supporting electrolyte and (d) a solvent, said process comprising the use, as material to be linked to said polymer, of a reactive substance which can react chemically with the growing polymeric chains formed starting from the monomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Assignee: Recherche et Developement du Groupe Cockerill Sambre en abrege: "RD-CS"
    Inventors: Marc Mertens, Cedric Calberg, Lucien Martinot, Robert Jerome, Jean Schrijnemackers
  • Patent number: 5549807
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, electropolymerization in a substantially aqueous solution is used to form thick (e.g. greater than 2 microns or 30 weight %) and thermally stable coatings of thermoplastic materials onto electrically conductive filler materials (e.g. rods, plates, fibers). In a first preferred embodiment, the thick thermoplastic matrix comprises a copolymer of 3-carboxyphenyl meleimde and styrene. In a second preferred embodiment, cyclic (and preferably aromatic) N-substituted methacrylamide monomers are electropolymerized onto electrically conductive (e.g., graphite) filler (e.g., fibers, plates, film or cloth) to form a novel polymer composite exhibiting high Tg as well as a controlled degree of cross-linking which can prevent flow at high temperature. This invention is particularly will suited for direct preparation of thermoplastic prepregs containing commercially available bundles of graphite fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1996
    Assignee: The University of Connecticut
    Inventors: James P. Bell, Jude O. Iroh, Daniel A. Scola, Jengli Liang