Active Material Comprising Refractory, Transition, Or Noble Metal Or Metal Compound, E.g., Alloy, Silicide, Oxide, Nitride (epo) Patents (Class 257/E21.006)
  • Patent number: 10500580
    Abstract: Provided is a method forming a catalytic nanocoating on a surface of a metal plate, wherein the method comprises pretreating the surface of the metal plate by means of heat treatment at 500-800° C., forming a metaloxide support by washcoating on the surface of the metal plate, and coating the surface of the metal plate by depositing catalytically active metals and/or metaloxides on the metaloxide support by means of an atomic layer deposition (ALD) method in order to form a thin and conformal catalyst layer on the metal plate. Further, the invention relates to a catalyst and a use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT OY
    Inventors: Pekka Simell, Matti Reinikainen, Matti Putkonen, Johanna Kihlman
  • Patent number: 10446743
    Abstract: Double-patterned magneto-resistive random access memory (MRAM) for reducing magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) pitch for increased MRAM bit cell density is disclosed. In one aspect, to fabricate MTJs in an MRAM array with reduced MTJ row pitch, a first patterning process is performed to provide separation areas in an MTJ layer between what will become rows of fabricated MTJs, which facilitates MTJs in a given row sharing a common bottom electrode. This reduces the etch depth and etching time needed to etch the individual MTJs in a subsequent step, can reduce lateral projections of sidewalls of the MTJs, thereby relaxing the pitch between adjacent MTJs, and may allow an initial MTJ hard mask layer to be reduced in height. A subsequent second patterning process is performed to fabricate individual MTJs. Additional separation areas are etched between free layers of adjacent MTJs in a given row to fabricate the individual MTJs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Xia Li, Wei-Chuan Chen
  • Patent number: 10157795
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a substrate, a first gate, a second gate, and an insulating structure. The substrate includes a first fin and a second fin. The first gate is disposed over the first fin. The second gate is disposed over the second fin. A gap is formed between the first gate and the second gate, and the gap gets wider toward the substrate. The insulating structure is disposed in the gap. The insulating structure has a top surface and a bottom surface opposite to each other. The bottom surface faces the substrate. An edge of the top surface facing the first gate is curved inward the top surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2018
    Assignee: TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Che-Cheng Chang, Chih-Han Lin, Wei-Ting Chen
  • Patent number: 9911608
    Abstract: A method of forming patterns includes the steps of providing a substrate on which a target layer and a hard mask layer are formed; forming a plurality of first resist patterns on the hard mask layer; performing a tilt-angle ion implant process to form a first doped area and a second doped area in the hard mask layer between adjacent first resist patterns; removing the first resist patterns; coating a directed self-assembly (DSA) material layer onto the hard mask layer; performing a self-assembling process of the DSA material layer to form repeatedly arranged block copolymer patterns in the DSA material layer; removing undesired portions from the DSA material layer to form second patterns on the hard mask layer; transferring the second patterns to the hard mask layer to form third patterns; and etching the target layer through the third patterns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: Micron Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Kuo-Yao Chou
  • Patent number: 9865582
    Abstract: An electronic device comprising a semiconductor structure having a back end capacitor and a back end thin film resistor and a method of manufacturing the same. The semiconductor structure includes a first dielectric layer, a bottom plate of the capacitor and a thin film resistor body. The bottom plate and the resistor body are laterally spaced apart portions of the same thin film layer. The bottom plate further includes a conductive layer overlying the thin film layer. A second dielectric layer is disposed on the conductive layer of the bottom plate of the capacitor. A top plate of the capacitor is disposed on the second dielectric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Christoph Dirnecker
  • Patent number: 9793172
    Abstract: A method for fabricating field effect transistors using carbon doped silicon layers to substantially reduce the diffusion of a doped screen layer formed below a substantially undoped channel layer includes forming an in-situ epitaxial carbon doped silicon substrate that is doped to form the screen layer in the carbon doped silicon substrate and forming the substantially undoped silicon layer above the carbon doped silicon substrate. The method may include implanting carbon below the screen layer and forming a thin layer of in-situ epitaxial carbon doped silicon above the screen layer. The screen layer may be formed either in a silicon substrate layer or the carbon doped silicon substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor Limited
    Inventors: Lance Scudder, Pushkar Ranade, Charles Stager, Urupattur C. Sridharan, Dalong Zhao
  • Patent number: 9685441
    Abstract: The metal-oxide semiconductor structure includes a substrate, a gate dielectric multi-layer, an etch stop layer, a work function metallic layer, a barrier layer and a silicide layer. The substrate has a trench. The gate dielectric multi-layer overlies the trench, in which the gate dielectric multi-layer includes a high-k capping layer with a fluorine concentration substantially in a range from 1 at % to 10 at %. The etch stop layer is disposed on the gate dielectric multi-layer. The work function metallic layer is disposed on the etch stop layer. The barrier layer is disposed on the work function metallic layer. The silicide layer is disposed on the barrier layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Assignee: TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Chung-Liang Cheng, Wei-Jen Chen, Yen-Yu Chen, Wei Zhang
  • Patent number: 9640399
    Abstract: A method of forming patterns includes forming a guide pattern and first peripheral patterns on an underlying layer. The guide pattern provides first openings and the first peripheral patterns provide a fifth opening used in alignment of the guide pattern. An alignment status of the guide pattern is verified using the fifth opening. A block copolymer layer is formed to fill the first and fifth openings. The block copolymer layer is annealed to provide a blocking portion sealing the fifth opening and to form first domains in each first opening and a second domain surrounding the first domains formed in each first opening. The first domains are removed to form third openings. The underlying layer is etched using the blocking portion and sidewalls of the second domains as etch barriers to form fourth openings that extend from the third openings to penetrate the underlying layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventors: Jung Gun Heo, Hong Ik Kim, Keun Do Ban, Cheol Kyu Bok
  • Patent number: 9583535
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a magnetoresistive memory device includes a substrate, a first oxide film provided on the substrate, bottom electrodes provided in the first oxide film, a part of each of the bottom electrodes protruding above the first oxide film, magnetoresistive elements provided on the respective bottom electrodes, sidewall nitride films provided on side surfaces of the respective bottom electrodes and the magnetoresistive elements, a second oxide film provided on the magnetoresistive elements, the sidewall nitride films and the first oxide film, and contact electrodes provided in the second oxide film and the first oxide film to reach the substrate from an upper surface of the second oxide film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventor: Yuichi Ito
  • Patent number: 9443888
    Abstract: The silicon nitride layer 910 formed by plasma CVD using a gas containing a hydrogen compound such as silane (SiH4) and ammonia (NH3) is provided on and in direct contact with the oxide semiconductor layer 905 used for the resistor 354, and the silicon nitride layer 910 is provided over the oxide semiconductor layer 906 used for the thin film transistor 355 with the silicon oxide layer 909 serving as a barrier layer interposed therebetween. Therefore, a higher concentration of hydrogen is introduced into the oxide semiconductor layer 905 than into the oxide semiconductor layer 906. As a result, the resistance of the oxide semiconductor layer 905 used for the resistor 354 is made lower than that of the oxide semiconductor layer 906 used for the thin film transistor 355.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2016
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jun Koyama, Junichiro Sakata, Tetsunori Maruyama, Yuki Imoto, Yuji Asano, Junichi Koezuka
  • Patent number: 9040424
    Abstract: A single crystal silicon etching method includes providing a single crystal silicon substrate having at least one trench therein. The single crystal silicon substrate is exposed to an anisotropic etchant that undercuts the single crystal silicon. By controlling the length of the etch, single crystal silicon islands or smooth vertical walls in the single crystal silicon may be created.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: MICRON TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Janos Fucsko, David H. Wells, Patrick Flynn, Whonchee Lee
  • Patent number: 9041111
    Abstract: A flat panel detector includes a photoelectric conversion layer and a pixel detecting element disposed under the photoelectric conversion layer. The pixel detecting element includes: a pixel electrode for receiving charges, a storage capacitor for storing the received charges, and a thin film transistor for controlling outputting of the stored charges. The storage capacitor includes a first electrode and a second electrode. The first electrode includes an upper electrode and a bottom electrode that are disposed opposite to each other and electrically connected. A second electrode is sandwiched between the upper electrode and the bottom electrode. It is insulated between the upper electrode and the second electrode and between the second electrode and the bottom electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: BEIJING BOE OPTOELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Zhenyu Xie
  • Patent number: 9029827
    Abstract: In an example, a single damascene structure is formed by, for example, providing a dielectric layer, forming a void in the dielectric layer, and forming a portion of a first two-terminal resistive memory cell and a portion of a second two-terminal resistive memory cell within the void. The portions of the two-terminal resistive memory cells may be vertically stacked within the void.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Unity Semiconductor Corporation
    Inventors: Lidia Vereen, Bruce Lynn Bateman, Louis Parrillo, Elizabeth Friend, David Eggleston
  • Patent number: 9029228
    Abstract: The invention generally related to a method for preparing a layer of graphene directly on the surface of a substrate, such as a semiconductor substrate. The layer of graphene may be formed in direct contact with the surface of the substrate, or an intervening layer of a material may be formed between the substrate surface and the graphene layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignees: SunEdision Semiconductor Limited (UEN201334164H), Kansas State University Research Foundation
    Inventors: Michael R. Seacrist, Vikas Berry, Phong Tuan Nguyen
  • Patent number: 9018050
    Abstract: A rolled-up transmission line structure for a radiofrequency integrated circuit (RFIC) comprises a multilayer sheet in a rolled configuration comprising multiple turns about a longitudinal axis, where the multilayer sheet comprises a conductive pattern layer on a strain-relieved layer. The conductive pattern layer comprises a first conductive film and a second conductive film separated from the first conductive film in a rolling direction. In the rolled configuration, the first conductive film surrounds the longitudinal axis, and the second conductive film surrounds the first conductive film. The first conductive film serves as a signal line and the second conductive film serves as a conductive shield for the rolled-up transmission line structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Xiuling Li, Wen Huang
  • Patent number: 9006840
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a plurality of semiconductor chips in a stack structure and a through-silicon via suitable for passing through the chips and transfer a signal from or to one or more of the chips. Each of the chips includes a buffering block disposed in path of the through-silicon via, and suitable for buffering the signal, an internal circuit, and a delay compensation block suitable for applying delay corresponding to the buffering blocks of the chips to the signal, wherein the delay compensation blocks of the chips compensates for delay difference of the signal transferred to and from the internal circuit of the chip, due to operations of the buffering block, based on stack information for distinguishing the chips.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventors: Sang-Hoon Shin, Young-Ju Kim
  • Patent number: 8999862
    Abstract: Methods of fabricating nano-scale structures are provided. A method includes forming a first hard mask pattern corresponding to first openings in a dense region, forming first guide elements on the first hard mask pattern aligned with the first openings, and forming second hard mask patterns in a sparse region to provide isolated patterns. A blocking layer is formed in the sparse region to cover the second hard mask patterns. A first domain and second domains are formed in the dense region using a phase separation of a block co-polymer layer. Related nano-scale structures are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: SK Hynix Inc.
    Inventors: Keun Do Ban, Cheol Kyu Bok, Myoung Soo Kim, Jung Hyung Lee, Hyun Kyung Shim, Chang Il Oh
  • Patent number: 8999811
    Abstract: An insulating layer containing a silicon peroxide radical is used as an insulating layer in contact with an oxide semiconductor layer for forming a channel. Oxygen is released from the insulating layer, whereby oxygen deficiency in the oxide semiconductor layer and an interface state between the insulating layer and the oxide semiconductor layer can be reduced. Accordingly, a semiconductor device where reliability is high and variation in electric characteristics is small can be manufactured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuta Endo, Toshinari Sasaki, Kosei Noda, Mizuho Sato
  • Patent number: 8999846
    Abstract: An integrated circuit structure includes a plurality of insulator layers (connected to each other) that form a laminated structure. Further included are via openings within each of the insulator layers, and conductive via material within the via openings. The conductive via material within corresponding via openings of adjacent insulator layers are electrically connected to form continuous electrical via paths through the insulator layers between the top surface and the bottom surface of the laminated structure. Within each of the continuous electrical via paths, the via openings are positioned relative to each other to form a diagonal structural path of the conductive via material through the laminated structure. The corresponding via openings of the adjacent insulator layers partially overlap each other. The diagonal structural paths are non-perpendicular to the top surface and the bottom surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Luke D. LaCroix, Mark C. H. Lamorey, Janak G. Patel, Peter Slota, Jr., David B. Stone
  • Patent number: 8999805
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a first type region including a first conductivity type. The semiconductor device includes a second type region including a second conductivity type. The semiconductor device includes a channel region extending between the first type region and the second type region. The semiconductor device includes a gate region surrounding the channel region. The gate region includes a gate electrode. A gate electrode length of the gate electrode is less than about 10 nm. A method of forming a semiconductor device is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited
    Inventors: Jean-Pierre Colinge, Kuo-Cheng Ching, Ta-Pen Guo, Carlos H. Diaz
  • Patent number: 8994177
    Abstract: A method for far back end of the line (FBEOL) protection of a semiconductor device includes forming a patterned layer over a back end of the line (BEOL) stack, depositing a first conformal protection layer on the patterned layer which covers horizontal surfaces of a top surface and sidewalls of openings formed in the patterned layer. A resist layer is patterned over the first conformal protection layer such that openings in the resist layer correspond with the openings in the patterned layer. The first conformal protection layer is etched through the openings in the resist layer to form extended openings that reach a stop position. The resist layer is removed, and a second conformal protection layer is formed on the first conformal protection layer and on sidewalls of the extended openings to form an encapsulation boundary to protect at least the patterned layer and a portion of the BEOL stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Tymon Barwicz, Robert L. Bruce, Swetha Kamlapurkar
  • Patent number: 8993447
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a wafer with a number of openings therein. For each opening, an LED device is coupled to a conductive carrier and the wafer in a manner so that each of the coupled LED device and a portion of the conductive carrier at least partially fill the opening. A method of fabricating an LED device includes forming a number of openings in a wafer. The method also includes coupling light-emitting diode (LED) devices to conductive carriers. The LED devices with conductive carriers at least partially fill each of the openings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: TSMC Solid State Lighting Ltd.
    Inventors: Hsing-Kuo Hsia, Chih-Kuang Yu, Hung-Yi Kuo, Chyi Shyuan Chern
  • Patent number: 8987922
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a substrate, a bond pad above the substrate, a guard ring above the substrate, and an alignment mark above the substrate, between the bond pad and the guard ring. The device may include a passivation layer on the substrate, a polymer layer, a post-passivation interconnect (PPI) layer in contact with the bond pad, and a connector on the PPI layer, wherein the connector is between the bond pad and the guard ring, and the alignment mark is between the connector and the guard ring. The alignment mark may be at the PPI layer. There may be multiple alignment marks at different layers. There may be multiple alignment marks for the device around the corners or at the edges of an area surrounded by the guard ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsung-Yuan Yu, Hsien-Wei Chen, Wen-Hsiung Lu, Hung-Jen Lin
  • Patent number: 8987753
    Abstract: Provided is a light emitting device, which includes a second conductive type semiconductor layer, an active layer, a first conductive type semiconductor layer, and a intermediate refraction layer. The active layer is disposed on the second conductive type semiconductor layer. The first conductive type semiconductor layer is disposed on the active layer. The intermediate refraction layer is disposed on the first conductive type semiconductor layer. The intermediate refraction layer has a refractivity that is smaller than that of the first conductive type semiconductor layer and is greater than that of air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: LG Innotek Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hyo Kun Son
  • Patent number: 8980689
    Abstract: Provided is a method of fabricating a multi-chip stack package. The method includes preparing single-bodied lower chips having a single-bodied lower chip substrate having a first surface and a second surface disposed opposite the first surface, bonding unit package substrates onto the first surface of the single-bodied lower chip substrate to form a single-bodied substrate-chip bonding structure, separating the single-bodied substrate-chip bonding structure into a plurality of unit substrate-chip bonding structures, preparing single-bodied upper chips having a single-bodied upper chip substrate, bonding the plurality of unit substrate-chip bonding structures onto a first surface of the single-bodied upper chip substrate to form a single-bodied semiconductor chip stack structure, and separating the single-bodied semiconductor chip stack structure into a plurality of unit semiconductor chip stack structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Byoung-Soo Kwak, Cha-Jea Jo, Tae-Je Cho, Sang-Uk Han
  • Patent number: 8981441
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a manufacturing method of a magnetic memory includes forming a magnetoresistive element in a cell array section on a semiconductor substrate, forming a dummy element in a peripheral circuit section on the semiconductor substrate, the dummy element having the same stacked structure as the magnetoresistive element and being arranged at the same level as the magnetoresistive element, collectively flattening the magnetoresistive element and the dummy element, applying a laser beam to the dummy element to form the dummy element into a non-magnetic body, and forming an upper electrode on the flattened magnetoresistive element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Kenji Noma, Hiroshi Watanabe, Shinya Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8980708
    Abstract: A complementary back end of line (BEOL) capacitor (CBC) structure includes a metal oxide metal (MOM) capacitor structure. The MOM capacitor structure is coupled to a first upper interconnect layer of an interconnect stack of an integrated circuit (IC) device. The MOM capacitor structure includes at least one lower interconnect layer of the interconnect stack. The CBC structure may also include a second upper interconnect layer of the interconnect stack coupled to the MOM capacitor structure. The CBC structure also includes at least one metal insulator metal (MIM) capacitor layer between the first upper interconnect layer and the second upper interconnect layer. In addition, CBC structure may also include a MIM capacitor structure coupled to the MOM capacitor structure. The MIM capacitor structure includes a first capacitor plate having at least a portion of the first upper interconnect layer, and a second capacitor plate having at least a portion of the MIM capacitor layer(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: John J. Zhu, Bin Yang, P R Chidambaram, Lixin Ge, Jihong Choi
  • Patent number: 8975128
    Abstract: Some structures and methods to reduce power consumption in devices can be implemented largely by reusing existing bulk CMOS process flows and manufacturing technology, allowing the semiconductor industry as well as the broader electronics industry to avoid a costly and risky switch to alternative technologies. Some of the structures and methods relate to a Deeply Depleted Channel (DDC) design, allowing CMOS based devices to have a reduced sVT compared to conventional bulk CMOS and can allow the threshold voltage VT of FETs having dopants in the channel region to be set much more precisely. The DDC design also can have a strong body effect compared to conventional bulk CMOS transistors, which can allow for significant dynamic control of power consumption in DDC transistors. Additional structures, configurations, and methods presented herein can be used alone or in conjunction with the DDC to yield additional and different benefits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: SuVolta, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott E. Thompson, Damodar R. Thummalapally
  • Patent number: 8975734
    Abstract: A semiconductor package without a chip carrier formed thereon and a fabrication method thereof. A metallic carrier is half-etched to form a plurality of grooves and metal studs corresponding to the grooves. The grooves are filled with a first encapsulant and a plurality of bonding pads are formed on the metal studs. The first encapsulant is bonded with the metal studs directly. Each of the bonding pads and one of the metal studs corresponding to the bonding pad form a T-shaped structure. Therefore, bonding force between the metal studs and the first encapsulant is enhanced such that delamination is avoided. Die mounting, wire-bonding and molding processes are performed subsequently. Since the half-etched grooves are filled with the first encapsulant, the drawback of having pliable metallic carrier that makes transportation difficult to carry out as encountered in prior techniques is overcome, and the manufacturing cost is educed by not requiring the use of costly metals as an etching resist layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Siliconware Precision Industries Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yueh-Ying Tsai, Fu-Di Tang, Chien-Ping Huang, Chun-Chi Ke
  • Patent number: 8969867
    Abstract: The semiconductor device includes a transistor including an oxide semiconductor film having a channel formation region, a gate insulating film, and a gate electrode layer. In the transistor, the channel length is small (5 nm or more and less than 60 nm, preferably 10 nm or more and 40 nm or less), and the thickness of the gate insulating film is large (equivalent oxide thickness which is obtained by converting into a thickness of silicon oxide containing nitrogen is 5 nm or more and 50 nm or less, preferably 10 nm or more and 40 nm or less). Alternatively, the channel length is small (5 nm or more and less than 60 nm, preferably 10 nm or more and 40 nm or less), and the resistivity of the source region and the drain region is 1.9×10?5 ?·m or more and 4.8×10?3 ?·m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shunpei Yamazaki, Daisuke Matsubayashi, Yutaka Okazaki
  • Patent number: 8969134
    Abstract: A tape capable of laser ablation may be used in the formation of microelectronic interconnects, wherein the tape may be attached to bond pads on a microelectronic device and vias may be formed by laser ablation through the tape to expose at least a portion of corresponding bond pads. The microelectronic interconnects may be formed on the bond pads within the vias, such as by solder paste printing and solder reflow. The laser ablation tape can be removed after the formation of the microelectronic interconnects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Xavier F. Brun, Takashi Kumamoto, Sufi Ahmed
  • Patent number: 8969143
    Abstract: A light-emitting device package including a lead frame formed of a metal and on which a light-emitting device chip is mounted; and a mold frame coupled to the lead frame by injection molding. The lead frame includes: a mounting portion on which the light-emitting device chip is mounted; and first and second connection portions that are disposed on two sides of the mounting portion in a first direction and connected to the light-emitting device chip by wire bonding, wherein the first connection portion is stepped with respect to the mounting portion, and a stepped amount is less than a material thickness of the lead frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Daniel Kim, Jae-sung You, Jong-kil Park
  • Patent number: 8969135
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a lead frame having a down bond area, a die attach area and a dam formed between the down bond area and the die attach area. A bottom of the dam is attached on a surface of the lead frame. The dam prevents contamination of the down bond area from die attach material, which may occur during a die attach process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
    Inventors: Peng Liu, Qingchun He, Zhaobin Qi, Liqiang Xu, Tong Zhao
  • Patent number: 8962461
    Abstract: Consistent with an example embodiment, a GaN heterojunction structure has a three-layer dielectric structure. The lowermost and middle portions of the gate electrode together define the gate foot, and this is associated with two dielectric layers. A thinner first dielectric layer is adjacent the gate edge at the bottom of the gate electrode. The second dielectriclayer corresponds to the layer in the conventional structure, and it is level with the main portion of the gate foot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: NXP B.V.
    Inventors: Godefridus Adrianus Maria Hurkx, Jeroen Antoon Croon, Johannes Josephus Theodorus Marinus Donkers, Stephan Heil, Jan Sonsky
  • Patent number: 8962485
    Abstract: A method of silicide formation in a semiconductor fabrication process is disclosed. An active area (RX) mask is used to form an active silicon area, and is then reused to form a trench transfer (TT) area. A trench block (TB) mask is logically ANDed with the active area (RX) mask to form a trench silicide (TS) region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc.
    Inventors: Mohamed Salama, Tuhin Guha Neogi, Scott Beasor
  • Patent number: 8962466
    Abstract: A metal oxide formed by in situ oxidation assisted by radiation induced photo-acid is described. The method includes depositing a photosensitive material over a metal surface of an electrode. Upon exposure to radiation (for example ultraviolet light), a component, such as a photo-acid generator, of the photosensitive material forms an oxidizing reactant, such as a photo acid, which causes oxidation of the metal at the metal surface. As a result of the oxidation, a layer of metal oxide is formed. The photosensitive material can then be removed, and subsequent elements of the component can be formed in contact with the metal oxide layer. The metal oxide can be a transition metal oxide by oxidation of a transition metal. The metal oxide layer can be applied as a memory element in a programmable resistance memory cell. The metal oxide can be an element of a programmable metallization cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Macronix International Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Feng-Min Lee, Erh-Kun Lai, Wei-Chih Chien, Ming-Hsiu Lee, Chih-Chieh Yu
  • Patent number: 8952452
    Abstract: Semiconductor devices, and a method of manufacturing the same, include a gate insulating film pattern over a semiconductor substrate. A gate electrode is formed over the gate insulating film pattern. A spacer structure is formed on at least one side of the gate electrode and the gate insulating film pattern. The spacer structure includes a first insulating film spacer contacting the gate insulating film pattern, and a second insulating film spacer on an outer side of the first insulating film spacer. The semiconductor device has an air gap between the first insulating film spacer and the second insulating film spacer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hong-Seong Kang, Yoon-Hae Kim, Jong-Shik Yoon
  • Patent number: 8952512
    Abstract: A wafer-level package structure of a light emitting diode and a manufacturing method thereof are provided in the present invention. The wafer-level package structure of a light emitting diode includes a die, a first insulating layer, at least two wires, bumps, an annular second insulating layer on the wires and the insulating layer, the annular second insulating layer surrounding an area between the bumps and there being spaces arranged between the second insulating layer and the bumps; a light reflecting cup on the second insulating layer; at least two discrete lead areas and leads in the lead areas. The technical solution of the invention reduces the area required for the substrate; and the electrodes can be extracted in the subsequent structure of the package without gold wiring to thereby further reduce the volume of the package.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: China Wafer Level CSP Ltd.
    Inventors: Junjie Li, Wenbin Wang, Qiuhong Zou, Guoqing Yu, Wei Wang
  • Patent number: 8946894
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for forming a package for high-power semiconductor devices are disclosed herein. A package may include a plurality of distinct thermal spreader layers disposed between a die and a metal carrier. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: TriQuint Semiconductor, Inc.
    Inventors: Tarak A. Railkar, Deep C. Dumka
  • Patent number: 8946784
    Abstract: A backside illuminated image sensor having a photodiode and a first transistor in a sensor region and located in a first substrate, with the first transistor electrically coupled to the photodiode. The image sensor has logic circuits formed in a second substrate. The second substrate is stacked on the first substrate and the logic circuits are coupled to the first transistor through bonding pads, the bonding pads disposed outside of the sensor region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Szu-Ying Chen, Meng-Hsun Wan, Dun-Nian Yaung, Pao-Tung Chen, Jen-Cheng Liu
  • Patent number: 8945979
    Abstract: An organic layer deposition apparatus, a method of manufacturing an organic light-emitting display apparatus by using the same, and an organic light-emitting display apparatus manufactured by the method, and more particularly, an organic layer deposition apparatus that is suitable for use in the mass production of a large substrate, that enables high-definition patterning, and that is capable of controlling a distance between a patterning slit sheet and a substrate that moves, a method of manufacturing an organic light-emitting display apparatus by using the organic layer deposition apparatus, and an organic light-emitting display apparatus manufactured by the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yun-Ho Chang
  • Patent number: 8941222
    Abstract: A semiconductor package includes at least one semiconductor die having an active surface, an interposer element having an upper surface and a lower surface, a package body, and a lower redistribution layer. The interposer element has at least one conductive via extending between the upper surface and the lower surface. The package body encapsulates portions of the semiconductor die and portions of the interposer element. The lower redistribution layer electrically connects the interposer element to the active surface of the semiconductor die.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Advanced Semiconductor Engineering Inc.
    Inventor: John Richard Hunt
  • Patent number: 8940639
    Abstract: A MEMS device with movable MEMS structure and electrodes is produced by fabricating electrodes and shielding the electrodes with diamond buttons during subsequent fabrication steps, such as the etching of sacrificial oxide using vapor HF. In some embodiments, the diamond buttons are removed after the movable MEMS structure is released.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Analog Devices, Inc.
    Inventors: Fang Liu, Kuang L. Yang
  • Patent number: 8937020
    Abstract: One object is to provide a deposition technique for forming an oxide semiconductor film. By forming an oxide semiconductor film using a sputtering target including a sintered body of a metal oxide whose concentration of hydrogen contained is low, for example, lower than 1×1016 atoms/cm3, the oxide semiconductor film contains a small amount of impurities such as a compound containing hydrogen typified by H2O or a hydrogen atom. In addition, this oxide semiconductor film is used as an active layer of a transistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shunpei Yamazaki, Toru Takayama, Keiji Sato
  • Patent number: 8932956
    Abstract: A method for far back end of the line (FBEOL) protection of a semiconductor device includes forming a patterned layer over a back end of the line (BEOL) stack, depositing a first conformal protection layer on the patterned layer which covers horizontal surfaces of a top surface and sidewalls of openings formed in the patterned layer. A resist layer is patterned over the first conformal protection layer such that openings in the resist layer correspond with the openings in the patterned layer. The first conformal protection layer is etched through the openings in the resist layer to form extended openings that reach a stop position. The resist layer is removed, and a second conformal protection layer is formed on the first conformal protection layer and on sidewalls of the extended openings to form an encapsulation boundary to protect at least the patterned layer and a portion of the BEOL stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Tymon Barwicz, Robert L. Bruce, Swetha Kamlapurkar
  • Patent number: 8927433
    Abstract: Provided is a technology for forming a conductive via hole to implement a three dimensional stacked structure of an integrated circuit. A method for forming a conductive via hole according to an embodiment of the present invention comprises: filling inside of a via hole structure that is formed in one or more of an upper portion and a lower portion of a substrate with silver by using a reduction and precipitation of silver in order to connect a plurality of stacked substrates by a conductor; filling a portion that is not filled with silver inside of the via hole structure by flowing silver thereinto; and sublimating residual material of silver oxide series, which is generated during the flowing, on an upper layer inside of the via hole structure filled with silver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
    Inventor: Jin-Yeong Kang
  • Patent number: 8928052
    Abstract: An optoelectronic semiconductor chip has a semiconductor layer sequence having an active layer that generates radiation between a layer of a first conductivity type and a layer of a second conductivity type. The layer of the first conductivity type is adjacent to a front side of the semiconductor layer sequence. The semiconductor layer sequence contains at least one cutout extending from a rear side, lying opposite the front side, of the semiconductor layer sequence through the active layer to the layer of the first conductivity type. The layer of the first conductivity type is electrically connected through the cutout by means of a first electrical connection layer which covers the rear side of the semiconductor layer sequence at least in places.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: OSRAM Opto Semiconductors GmbH
    Inventors: Karl Engl, Lutz Hoeppel, Patrick Rode, Matthias Sabathil
  • Patent number: 8927348
    Abstract: Provided are a method of manufacturing a group-III nitride semiconductor light-emitting device in which a light-emitting device excellent in the internal quantum efficiency and the light extraction efficiency can be obtained, a group-III nitride semiconductor light-emitting device and a lamp. Included are an epitaxial step of forming a semiconductor layer (30) so as to a main surface (20) of a substrate (2), a masking step of forming a protective film on the semiconductor layer (30), a semiconductor layer removal step of removing the protective film and the semiconductor layer (30) by laser irradiation to expose the substrate (2), a grinding step of reducing the thickness of the substrate (2), a polishing step of polishing the substrate (2), a laser processing step of providing processing marks to the inside of the substrate (2), a division step of creating a plurality of light-emitting devices (1) while forming a division surface of the substrate (2) to have a rough surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Susumu Sugano, Hisayuki Miki, Hironao Shinohara
  • Patent number: 8921155
    Abstract: A resistive random access memory cell uses a substrate and includes a gate stack over the substrate. The gate stack includes a first copper layer over the substrate, a copper oxide layer over the first copper layer, and a second copper layer over the copper oxide layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
    Inventors: Feng Zhou, Ko-Min Chang, Cheong Min Hong
  • Patent number: 8921174
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method for fabricating a complementary tunneling field effect transistor based on a standard CMOS IC process, which belongs to the field of logic devices and circuits of field effect transistors in ultra large scaled integrated (ULSI) circuits. In the method, an intrinsic channel and body region of a TFET are formed by means of complementary P-well and N-well masks in the standard CMOS IC process to form a well doping, a channel doping and a threshold adjustment by implantation. Further, a bipolar effect in the TFET can be inhibited via a distance between a gate and a drain on a layout so that a complementary TFET is formed. In the method according to the invention, the complementary tunneling field effect transistor (TFET) can be fabricated by virtue of existing processes in the standard CMOS IC process without any additional masks and process steps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Peking University
    Inventors: Ru Huang, Qianqian Huang, Zhan Zhan, Yingxin Qiu, Yangyuan Wang