With Interconnecting Drive Mechanism Patents (Class 310/118)
  • Patent number: 10355541
    Abstract: An axial flux machine includes a modulated stator, a rotor, and a plurality of spacers. The modulated stator includes plural stator units. Each stator unit includes a magnetic core and at least one winding. The magnetic core has first plate, a second plate, and a sidewall connecting the first plate to the second plate, and the winding is disposed on the magnetic core. The stator units construct the modulated stator. By modulating the stator, the slot fill factor and the cogging torque performance can be improved. The spacers are disposed to isolate the magnetic cores. The rotor is disposed in the modulated stator and includes plural first magnetic pieces and second magnetic pieces arranged alternately, and the magnetic flux lines of the first and second magnetic pieces respectively pass through sidewalls of the magnetic cores to construct C-type magnetic loops of opposite directions thereby improving power density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Inventors: Ching-Hsiung Tsai, Chu-Ju Li, You-Chiuan Hsu
  • Patent number: 9825514
    Abstract: An induction motor or generator assembly for converting either of an electrical input or rotating work input to a mechanical or electrical output. An outer annular arrayed component is rotatable in a first direction and includes a plurality of magnets. An inner concentrically arrayed and reverse rotating component exhibits a plurality of outwardly facing and circumferentially spaced array of coil-subassemblies opposing the magnetic elements, such that a gap separates the coil-subassemblies from the magnets. The coil sub-assemblies each include a plurality of concentrically arrayed coils configured within a platform support of the inner component. A drive box including a sleeve shaped trunk and a base, a pair of rotatable wheels supported at annular offset locations of said base and receiving looped ends of a belt, said belt also channeling upper and lower pulley rings associated with said inner and outer components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Inventor: Miguel A. Linares
  • Patent number: 8456051
    Abstract: A generator arrangement is provided in which the functionality of two typically separate electrical power generators are combined together into a single generator that forms part of a three-in-one combined multi-generator which has a dual drive path with a shear section that immunizes one of the generators (e.g., the permanent magnet generator) within the single combined multi-generator from a failure of another generator (e.g., the main generator) within the single combined multi-generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Oeco, LLC
    Inventor: Bernard Anthony Raad
  • Patent number: 8358046
    Abstract: An apparatus is disclosed for a hybrid electric power system for use in a multi-wheeled hybrid electric vehicle, and particularly for use in hybrid electric vehicles designed for operation in hostile environments where reliability and survivability of the propulsion system of the vehicle are important. The hybrid electric power system advantageously comprises at least one segmented electrical machine having multiple pairs of parallel stator segments with a magnetic rotor segment between each pair, for generating power from a thermodynamic engine, or for providing power to a driven wheel of the hybrid electric vehicle. A hybrid electric power system is also provided which comprises at least one distributed segmented electrical machine which comprises a distributed electrical energy storage system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Inventor: Mihai C. Platon
  • Publication number: 20120212084
    Abstract: A high performance power generation apparatus includes a first rotary member and a second rotary member. The first rotary member has a spindle and a rotor fastened to the spindle. The spindle has a first gear coupled thereon. The rotor has a first electromagnetic portion. The second rotary member has an internal gear ring and a second electromagnetic portion. The first gear and internal gear ring are interposed by at least one transmission gear. When the spindle drives the rotor and first gear to spin, the first gear drives the second rotary member to spin in the direction opposite to the first rotary member via the transmission gear so that the induction coil and magnet can interact at greater relative spinning speed to generate a greater amount of electric power output.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2012
    Publication date: August 23, 2012
    Inventor: Chung-Ming CHOU
  • Patent number: 8222792
    Abstract: A generator or motor apparatus having a stator formed of a plurality of pairs of parallel stator segments is provided The pairs of parallel segments are connected together to form a channel in which an annular rotor moves The annular rotor also comprises a plurality of detachable segments connected together to form an annular tram operable to move through said channel Each stator segment comprises a stator winding set and each rotor segment comprises a magnet dimensioned to fit between the parallel spaced apart stator segments The apparatus may include a support structure, the rotor segments being slidably coupled to the support structure and the stator segments being attached to the support structure The apparatus may be a rim generator, wind turbine generator or other electrical machine The stator winding set includes a stator winding, and may include other electrical or electronic components, including possibly a power factor capacitor, direct current filtering capacitor, supercapacitor, and one or more di
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: Clean Current Limited Partnership
    Inventors: Mihai C. Platon, Virgil F. Young
  • Patent number: 8183802
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention include a composite electromechanical machine which can operate as a motor, a generator (including dynamo or alternator), or any combination thereof. In an aspect, the present composite electromechanical machine comprises at least a double-sided magnetic plane (e.g., rotor or stator) to form two rotor/stator pairs, together with a controller to configure the multiple rotor/stator pair. The controller can configure or convert the multiple rotor/stator pairs into motors, generators, or nonoperation, and also can change the windings characteristics of the magnetic planes. The controller can add new functionality and characteristics to the present composite electromechanical machine. Other embodiments can also be included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Inventor: Eric Stephane Quere
  • Publication number: 20120068472
    Abstract: Electrical machines, wind turbines, and methods of operating an electrical machine. The electrical machine includes first and second rotatable members that are configured to convert mechanical energy received from the wind turbine rotor into electrical energy. The first rotatable member is coupled with the wind turbine rotor and the second rotatable member is coupled by a gear train with the wind turbine rotor. The gear train, which is driven by rotation of the wind turbine rotor, rotates the second rotatable member relative to the first rotatable member in a direction counter to a direction of rotation of the first rotatable member. The electrical machine may be a generator of the wind turbine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2010
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Inventor: Jörg Wadehn
  • Patent number: 8013488
    Abstract: A starter/generator mechanically coupled to a gas turbine transmission housing is disclosed. The starter/generator includes a generator with a rotor forming a field winding and a stator forming an armature, and an energizer with a stator forming a field winding and a rotor forming an armature connected to the generator field winding. The generator rotor and the energizer rotor are mounted on a common shaft with a transmission housing gear wheel, on either side of the gear wheel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Hispano-Suiza
    Inventors: Serge Berenger, Paul Jean-baptiste Kremer, Samuel Raymond Germain Becquerelle, Alain Vassaux, Denis Jean Noel Vercherin
  • Patent number: 7977837
    Abstract: A rotary body used in an energy storage device and capable of storing a large amount of external energy is provided in an energy storage device that stores external energy as the energy of the rotary motion of the rotary body for which the frictional resistance of the bearing parts has been reduced to a high degree using the fishing effect of superconductivity. The rotary body is used in an energy storage device capable of storing energy by rotating the rotary body for which the frictional resistance of the bearing parts having floating support that makes use of the fishing effect of superconductivity has been made very small. The rotary body is made of CFRP, and the required compressive stress is applied to it in the direction opposite to the centrifugal force of the rotary body when rotating. The rotary body has a bar-like structure elongated in the direction of the centrifugal force when the rotary body rotates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: Six One Kaihatsukikou Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Terutsugu Oyama
  • Patent number: 7495361
    Abstract: The electric machine comprises a rotor configured and disposed to be attached at the free end of a shaft of another device, which free end is adjacent to at least one bearing coaxially mounted around the shaft and positioned intermediate opposite radial sides of the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2009
    Assignee: Pratt & Whitney Canada Corp.
    Inventors: David Brouillet, Vittorio Bruno
  • Patent number: 7122934
    Abstract: A rotating electric machine comprises: a stator including a stator iron core having a plurality of slots and a stator winding incorporated in the plurality of slots; and a rotor rotatably disposed in the stator via a clearance; wherein a mold (i.e., a slot insulator) made of an insulating resin is brought into close contact with the surface of a projection (i.e., a tooth core) of the stator iron core, formed between the adjacent slots, the thickness of the mold at a portion of the projection wound with the stator winding being smaller than that of the mold at other portions. Thus, it is possible to provide the rotating electric machine in which thermal resistance generated between the stator winding and the stator iron core can be reduced, thermal transmittance of heat generated in the stator winding to the stator iron core can be enhanced, and the cooling efficiency of the stator winding can be enhanced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2006
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Noriaki Yamamoto, Fumio Tajima, Osamu Koizumi
  • Patent number: 7102249
    Abstract: One aspect of the present invention concerns a generator for a hydroelectric power station, having a stator and a rotatably mounted rotor, and first vanes which act on the rotor and which cause rotation of the rotor. In order for the generator to be of a smaller structural size the stator is mounted rotatably and there are provided second vanes which act on the stator and which cause rotation of the stator in a direction opposite to the rotation of the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Inventor: Aloys Wobben
  • Patent number: 6891292
    Abstract: A series of fabricated products for electrically rotatably driven machines, especially alternating current motors for attachment on drives, for alternating current motors having various pole configurations and operable in differing performance classes, voltage classes, and frequency classes, includes a plurality of trunk motors each having a motor housing, a motor terminal box for the provision of electrical current to stator windings mounted in a rotationally symmetrical manner in the motor housing, and a rotor. The rotor has a shaft supported on a bearing bracket. The trunk motor also includes a drive side, a non-drive side, and a shaft end extending outwardly from the non-drive side adapted for the securement thereto of a plurality of differing attachment shafts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2005
    Assignee: Flender Tübingen GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Raster, Michael Ehrmann
  • Publication number: 20040207278
    Abstract: An electrical steering system for a vehicle comprises a steering shaft, which is mounted rotatably in an accommodating space of a steering housing, and an electric motor, which, acts upon steering shaft over a transmission. Furthermore, a coil spring housing with a coil spring is provided in the accommodating space. The accommodating space is divided by a partition into a section accommodating the coil spring and a section accommodating the transmission. A damping almond is integrated in the partition. The housing of the coil spring forms part of the partition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2004
    Publication date: October 21, 2004
    Inventors: Wolfgang Abele, Gerhard Ruf, Stefan Froehlich
  • Patent number: 6781271
    Abstract: A smoothing roll for an apparatus for smoothing plastic foils and plates is driven directly by a rotor coaxially received with a stator in an outer housing with the rotor supported by a bearing on the outer housing or on a part of the housing extending coaxially into the rotor. The vibration-free arrangement eliminates chatter marks on the smoothed product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: Reifenhauser GmbH & Co. Maschinenfabrik
    Inventors: Helmut Meyer, Joachim Lieven
  • Patent number: 6710482
    Abstract: A generator comprising a generator housing and a generator drive shaft including a power input shaft coupled to a drive member through a coupling arrangement, whereby in use the drive member is coupled to an output shaft of an associated engine. The coupling arrangement is arranged within the generator housing and comprises first and second coupling members and an insulator member interposed between the first and second coupling members. The coupling arrangement is configured such that the input shaft is electrically insulated from the drive member and, hence, from the engine output shaft, in use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2004
    Assignee: Lucas Aerospace Power Equipment Corporation
    Inventors: Bryan J Mackulin, Todd A Travers, John R Karabinus
  • Patent number: 6710492
    Abstract: The motor/generator according to this invention is provided with a first rotor (23), a second rotor (21) and a stator (22) provided with a plurality of stator coils (1-6). The first rotor (23) is provided with magnetic poles by a magnet. The second rotor (21) is provided with magnetic poles by a magnet and a plurality of rotor coils (A-D). The motor/generator functions as a magnetic coupling by creating an equal number of magnetic poles in the first rotor (23) and the second rotor (21). When the first rotor (23) and the second rotor (21) are rotated by supplying a polyphase alternating current to the stator coils (1-6), a part of the rotor coils (A-D) are excited and the number of magnetic poles of the second rotor (21) is varied to allow independent rotation of the first rotor (23) and the second rotor (21).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2004
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yuusuke Minagawa
  • Patent number: 6633143
    Abstract: An articulating probe head includes motors 12 and 18 for driving respective output shafts 14 and 20 about respective orthogonal axes z and x to move a stylus 22 over the surface of a workpiece under the control of a controller 26. At least one of the motors is inertia balanced by mounting the stator 32 of the motor on bearings 42 to allow it to rotate in opposition to the rotation of the rotor 34. Control of the speed of the spinning stator is achieved by connecting it to the winding assembly 46 of an additional “back-to-earth” motor 47 the magnet assembly 48 of which is connected to the housing. The motor 47 acts as a brake to prevent overspeeding of the rotatable stator, and can have power supplied to it to ensure that the stator does not slow down excessively when the main motor is running at constant angular velocity. Control of the power supply to the motors is achieved by the controller 26.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2003
    Assignee: Renishaw PLC
    Inventors: Nicholas J. Weston, Kenneth C-H Nai, Geoff McFarland, David R McMurtry
  • Patent number: 6493924
    Abstract: A high torque/high speed brushless DC motor system for controlling both the speed and torque of the motor including a rotor and a stator, the stator of the motor including a first, second and third winding. The system further includes means for sensing the position of the rotor and means for selectively configuring the first, second and third windings of the stator in a wye connection when the speed of the motor is less than a predetermined value and configuring the windings in a delta connection when the speed of the motor is greater than the predetermined value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2002
    Assignee: Kendro Laboratory Products, Inc.
    Inventor: A. Kumar Das
  • Patent number: 6297575
    Abstract: A combined power driven device is made up of three layers, each of the three layers forming an electromechanical structure such as a stator or an armature. One of the three layers serves as a common magnetic structure for interaction with the electromechanical structures formed by the other two layers and the three layers may be mechanically coupled with each other, a load, and/or an active power source to provide either generator or motor functions, or a combination of generator and motor functions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Inventor: Tai-Her Yang
  • Patent number: 6288463
    Abstract: A generating apparatus includes an AC generator (11) having a stator (38) arranged around a rotary shaft (32) and a rotor (35) secured to the rotary shaft (32) and provided with an annular portion surrounding the outer peripheral portion of the stator (38) and a manual rotary driver mechanism including an accelerator (13) and engaging with a gear (33) mounted on the rotary shaft (32) and a rotary driver (12) engaging with the accelerator (13) and operative to drive the rotor (35) of the AC generator (11) to rotate through the accelerator (13) and the gear (33) so as to cause the AC generator (11) to generate electric power when the rotary driver (12) is rotated, wherein the diameter of the gear (33) mounted on the rotary shaft (32) of the AC generator (11) is set to be larger than the diameter of the rotary shaft (32) and smaller than the diameter of the annular portion of the rotor (35).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2001
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Masahiro Tada, Hirokazu Ikegami
  • Patent number: 6107707
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for the reduction of the effects of resonant mechanical waves that exert clockwise or counterclockwise forces that act upon the output shaft of a stepper motor such that the dynamic relationship between the stator and rotor in a stepper motor is adversely affected, thereby reducing torque or even stalling the stepper motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: Aim Controls, Inc.
    Inventor: Patrick H. Dwyer
  • Patent number: 5936321
    Abstract: A position of a second permanent magnet with respect to a first permanent magnet is defined by assembling a driving side support member, a thrust bearing, a spacing member, a radial bearing, and a driven side support member. The first and second permanent magnets are respectively held on the driving side support member and the driven side support member. Accordingly, variation of a magnetic gap between the first and second permanent magnets can be reduced. Variations in assembling the parts hardly affect the variation of the magnetic gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Teruhiko Kameoka, Kazutoshi Kuwayama, Hikaru Sugi
  • Patent number: 5838085
    Abstract: The invention comprises a versatile AC dynamo-electric machine (10) comprising isolated dual stators (50 and 50B and 50C), each both concentrated windings (53C) energizable with single-phase AC, and main windings (53) and a single high inertia sleeve (75) and drive plate (74 and 74A) connected to a rotor shaft (70-73A). The sleeve contains independent electrical rotors (80 and 80A), one for each stator. Each rotor has an innermost layer (82) of magnetizable permanent magnetic material in which the concentrated coils in the stator produce a desired pattern of magnetic poles reacting with the rotating field of the main windings. The machine can function (a) as a synchronous AC motor, or (b) a constant frequency output dual AC generator or (c) as an AC motor-generator with long ride-through time. A UPS system (100) comprises the machine (10) in the motor-generator mode, with clutch means (124) to connect an engine (114) to the rotor shaft (73A) to start the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1998
    Assignee: Precise Power Corporation
    Inventors: John F. Roesel, Jr., Ronnie J. Barber
  • Patent number: 5818144
    Abstract: A linear motor having a plurality of stator pieces rather than a ring-shaped stator. Accordingly, production costs are reduced and controllability can be improved. By coupling directly two sets of rotors and stators with a pulsator and spinning tub, an extra power transfer device can is unnecessary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1998
    Assignee: Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Ki Bong Kim
  • Patent number: 5708314
    Abstract: A multi-rotor A.C. electric drive device comprises a stator capable of producing a rotating or an alternating magnetic field and at least two rotors capable of producing an electromagenetic torque at asynchronous speed. The rotors are respectively called the main rotor and the auxiliary rotors. In low speed operating mode of said device, the electromagnetic torque of the auxiliary rotor is amplified through a transmission portion and drives an output element together with the main rotor; after the auxiliary rotor is accelerated to the synchronous speed, an automatic unloading device releases the auxiliary rotor from the driving engagement with the output element. Examples illustrating several types of electromagnetic portion, transmission portion and the automatic unloading device are given.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1998
    Inventor: Mingyuen Law
  • Patent number: 5646466
    Abstract: First and second stationary driving coils are disposed about drive shaft means on which magnetized rotor means are mounted so as to exert on the drive shaft means output torques 90 degrees out of phase with each other. Coupling means connect the drive shaft means to an output shaft so as the combine the output torques. Sinusoidal driving signals for the driving coils are generated by Hall devices or other means synchronized to the drive shaft means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 8, 1997
    Assignees: Tamron Co., Ltd., Nihon Mini Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takayoshi Noji, Sadayoshi Narusawa
  • Patent number: 5614779
    Abstract: The oscillating mass is integral with a toothed wheel which is engaged with pinions at the periphery of a plate. Many rotors at the periphery of the plate are located between sections of a peripheral, annular stator. The sections of the stator comprise cores and coils. It is thus possible with a simple construction of small thickness to obtain sufficient efficiency and power of the generator without considerable multiplication of the movement of the oscillating mass. The plate has a recess capable to receive a movement of an electronic watch of an existing caliber. The generator comprising the plate, the oscillating mass, the rotors and the stator constitutes an independent module capable to be assembled with a movement of an existing watch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 25, 1997
    Inventor: Roberto Zafferri
  • Patent number: 5455473
    Abstract: A device for field weakening in a doubly-salient variable reluctance motor having permanent magnets in the stator. The field weakening increases the constant power range of the motor and is accomplished by controlled movement of steel insets toward and away from the sides of the stator proximate the permanent magnets to provide a controllable by-pass flux path thereabout. Alternatively, the field weakening may be accomplished by a flux by-pass collar which may be angularly positioned around the stator to bridge the permanent magnets of the motor with discrete magnetic sections, thereby providing an alternate by-pass flux path around the permanent magnets in addition to the main air gap flux path. A third alternative means for maintaining a constant power range is accomplished by controlled axial sliding of the permanent magnets themselves into and out from the stator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 3, 1995
    Assignee: Electric Power Research Institute, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas A. Lipo, Yuefeng Liao, Feng Liang
  • Patent number: 5453651
    Abstract: A drive unit with an electric motor (2) for operating a plurality of adjusting devices and axially displaceable coupling elements, in particular for two adjusting devices for a vehicle seat. An electric motor (2) has a motor shaft (20) consisting of a hollow shaft (21) and an axially displaceable interior shaft (22) received therein in a manner fixed against relative rotation which can be connected on both sides, which can be selectively connected in a manner fixed against relative rotation with associated coupling elements (41, 42) of the adjusting devices by coupling elements (23', 24') on the motor side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1995
    Assignee: Brose Fahrzengteile GmbH & Co.
    Inventors: Gregor Kroner, Hans Rampel, Georg Scheck, Carsten Brandt, Thomas Bertolini, Siegfried Reichmann
  • Patent number: 5028828
    Abstract: A drive mechanism is redundantly equipped with two electric motors so that the second motor can take over the drive function if the first motor should fail, for example for moving equipment in or on a spacecraft. Both electric motors are connected to a common drive shaft. A coupling device makes sure that the defective motor is decoupled from the drive train.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1991
    Assignee: ERNO-Raumfahrttechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Roland Felkai, Hilmar Petrowitsch, Uwe Lenk
  • Patent number: 4992776
    Abstract: A housing contains a pick-up coil for detecting an external magnetic field; a power supply; a tone generator; and an electric circuit powered by said power supply and arranged to activate said tone generator in response to an output from said magnetic field pick-up including a piezoelectric material surrounded about its circumference by a thin layer of magnetostrictive material. Since the electrical output of the piezoelectric material is dependent on the stress imparted to it by the magnetostrictive material, and since the dimensional change in the magnetostrictive material is proportional to the magnetic field in the environment in which the magnetostrictive material is located, the electrical output of the piezoelectric material provides a measure of magnetic field strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 12, 1991
    Inventor: Michael D. Crossfield
  • Patent number: 4965477
    Abstract: An integrated drive generator (40) for generating constant frequency alternating current which is driven by a drive shaft (12) at variable rotational speeds includes an alternating current generator (23) having a rotor (37) mounted on a first shaft (42), which is driven by an output of a constant speed drive (14) at a fixed rotational velocity, the constant speed drive also driving a second shaft (44) at a fixed rotational velocity; an exciter (20) having a rotor (32) mounted on the first shaft, electrically coupled to a field winding of the generator, for supplying electrical power to the field winding of hte alternating current generator; and a permanent magnet generator (18) having a rotor (24) mounted on the second shaft, electrically coupled to the exciter, for supplying electrical power to a field winding of the exciter. Using the second shaft reduces weight, as well as length.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 23, 1990
    Assignee: Sundstrand Corporation
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Stadler, Wayne A. Flygare
  • Patent number: 4733099
    Abstract: A magnetically driven generator/motor for producing singly or simultaneously mechanical and electrical energy outputs, having a housing including circular frame members with electromagnet drivers about corresponding driven magnets attached to at least one rotating stage fixed to a drive shaft and also carrying field coils, at least one counter rotating stage, bearing mounted to the drive shaft with peripheral driven magnets and armatures which produce electricity when rotated past the field coils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1988
    Inventor: William O. Hutson, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4625160
    Abstract: A variable speed constant frequency generating system for generating constant frequency electrical output power from a variable speed source of motive power includes an exciter for generating excitation current, a main generator for developing the output power, both of the exciter and main generator being driven by a shaft coupled to the motive power source and power converters mounted on the shaft to transfer power between the exciter and the main generator. At shaft speeds below synchronous speed, i.e. that speed which would produce the desired output frequency when DC power is coupled to the main generator field windings, the exciter output is rectified and inverted so that alternating current power of proper frequency is delivered to the field windings of the main generator to maintain the output of the generator at a constant frequency. At synchronous speed, the power converters transfer substantially only DC power to the main generator windings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 25, 1986
    Assignee: Sundstrand Corporation
    Inventor: David J. Hucker
  • Patent number: 4518170
    Abstract: An actuator (10) for effecting relative pivotal movement between two structures (12, 14) includes a bent beam member (18) having a first portion (20) rotatably secured to one structure and a second portion (22) supported for rotation and eccentric revolution by a housing (42) grounded to the other structure. Index gears (64, 66) assure eccentric revolution of the beam member (18) in an opposite direction in response to rotation of the bent beam member to produce relative pivotal movement between the structures (12, 14). In the first two embodiments, the actuators (10, 120) incorporate internal hydraulic or electric drive arrangements. In other embodiments, the actuators (150, 172, 250, 270) employ various planetary type gear arrangements to achieve even greater mechanical advantage. In the last embodiment, both portions (304, 306) of the bent beam member (302) of the actuator (300) are driven and supported for eccentric revolution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1981
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1985
    Assignee: LTV Aerospace and Defense Company
    Inventor: Robert G. Musgrove
  • Patent number: 4504753
    Abstract: Electrical compact drive, including first and second independently drivable drive shafts, the second drive shaft being in the form of a hollow shaft and the first drive shaft being disposed within the second drive shaft, a first drive motor driving the first drive shaft and having a stator and a rotor, a second drive motor driving the second drive shaft and having a stator and a rotor, and a transmission being connected between the second drive motor and the second drive shaft and having an outer output element and an inner drive element being coupled with the rotor of the second drive motor and being coaxial with the outer output element, the stators of the first and second drive motors, the outer output element of the transmission and the second drive shaft being rigidly coupled together for obtaining synchronism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1985
    Assignee: Kraftwerk Union Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Dietmar Koch
  • Patent number: 4423359
    Abstract: An electric motor for a magnetic tape recorder comprises an electrically insulating disk-shaped stator with a plurality of flatwise coils, a rotary shaft rotatably extending through the stator, and a first disk-shaped rotor of soft iron with a multi-pole annular magnet and a second disk-shaped rotor of soft iron rotatably extending through the shaft on both sides of the stator. A pulley is fixed on the shaft below the first rotor to drive capstans, and a reel disc or a pinion is coaxially connected to the second rotor to drive a take-up reel for forward play. In a fast forward feed mode, the first and second rotors can be mechanically interlinked. Alternatively, an electromagnetic solenoid may be used to take out a torque from the first rotor by engaging an idle roller with a roller fixed to the rotary a shaft above the pinion or to apply a pressure to the second rotor to increase the friction between the second rotor and an adjacent shoulder on the shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1983
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Koosuke Hashimoto
  • Patent number: 4286761
    Abstract: An actuator (10) for effecting relative pivotal movement between two structures (12, 14) includes a bent beam member (18) having a first portion (20) rotatably secured to one structure and a second portion (22) supported for rotation and eccentric revolution by a housing (42) grounded to the other structure. Index gears (64, 66) assure eccentric revolution of the beam member (18) in an opposite direction in response to rotation of the bent beam member to produce relative pivotal movement between the beam members (20, 22). In the first two embodiments, the actuators (10, 120) incorporate internal hydraulic or electric drive arrangements. In other embodiments, the actuators (150, 172, 250, 270) employ various planetary type gear arrangements to achieve even greater mechanical advantage. In the last embodiment, both portions (304, 306) of the bent beam member (302) of the actuator (300) are driven and supported for eccentric revolution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1981
    Assignee: Vought Corporation
    Inventor: Robert G. Musgrove
  • Patent number: 4236093
    Abstract: An apparatus for detecting the presence and/or direction and/or velocity of a moving ferromagnetic element is provided. A sensing coil is placed in coupling relationship with a bi-stable ferromagnetic wire to provide a signal in response to a change in polarity of the core of the bi-stable wire. The core polarity changes in response to element presence as the element constitutes a magnetic shunt causing a change in magnetic flux density and/or direction in the air gap of a magnetic circuit in which the bi-stable wire is situated. The sensor is substantially insensitive to element velocity. Modified structures provide for fail-safe operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1978
    Date of Patent: November 25, 1980
    Assignee: General Signal Corporation
    Inventor: David Birnbaum
  • Patent number: 4130172
    Abstract: An electric motor vehicle drive system including a differential electric motor unit for the vehicle including a stator motor element mounted within a supporting frame and a rotor motor element rotatably mounted within the stator. The stator is connected to a first output shaft while the rotor output shaft is connected to a final output shaft through a one-to-one reverse mechanism which corrects or reverses the direction of the final output shaft. Thus, both shafts rotate in the same direction but at one-half relative armature and field structure r.p.m.'s with true differential action within the motor unit itself. The driving connection between the electric motor unit and the motor vehicle in this embodiment comprises a pulley belt combination connected to the vehicle drive wheels and the two output shafts of the motor unit with radius rods for maintaining the adjustable tension on the belt drive. So connected, there is compensation for unequal traction, turning of the vehicle, unequal wheel sizes, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1976
    Date of Patent: December 19, 1978
    Inventor: Warren E. Moody
  • Patent number: 4056746
    Abstract: An electric motor including a rotary armature and an annular field mounted for rotation around said armature and geared to said armature by way of planetary gearing fixed to the housing whereby the opposing torques of the field and the armature are summed at the motor output shaft. Such counter-rotating field arrangement provides for an increase in the flux cutting speed of the motor while, at the same time, maintaining the angular rate of the armature at a speed which is compatible with the containment of the centrifugal forces thereof. Both the armature and the field include concentric commutation rings at one end of the motor such that the field coils and the armature coils are excited at a predetermined phase angle by a plurality of field and armature brushes. Disposed along the field and armature brushes, and separated therefrom by at least one commutation segment are corresponding pick-up brushes which receive the collapsing field transient of the individual coils in both the armature and the field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1975
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1977
    Inventor: Wilson A. Burtis
  • Patent number: 4021690
    Abstract: A motor vehicle alternator consisting of a stator assembly secured in a wheel which is journalled on an axle of the associated vehicle. Also rotatably arranged in the wheel concentrically within and in operative relation with the stator assembly is a field assembly, energized from the vehicle battery by means of a contact brush on the shaft engaging a slip ring on the rotary field assembly. The field assembly is gearingly driven by the wheel to rotate in the opposite direction with respect to the wheel, by means of radially journalled bevelled gears supported on the shaft and meshing with respective coaxial bevelled gears on the wheel and the field assembly. Output from the stator assembly is by means of respective brushes on the wheel and the shaft engaging opposite sides of a slip ring carried by the rotary field assembly. In a modified form, the field assembly is fixed relative to the shaft and the stator assembly is secured in the wheel and rotates around the field assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1975
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1977
    Inventor: Frank Burton
  • Patent number: 3974396
    Abstract: An electric generator arrangement has at least two wind or water wheels rotatably mounted on a common stationary shaft and coupled such that they rotate in opposite directions with a given ratio or a progressively variable ratio. The wheels carry the two cooperating parts of a first generator and may also each carry the rotor of a second or third generator cooperating with a stator on the shaft, the field excitation or current loading of the second and/or third generator being used to control the speed of the wheels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1975
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1976
    Inventor: Walter Schonball