Dynamoelectric Patents (Class 310/10)
  • Patent number: 10714996
    Abstract: External rotor electric machine with SMC blocks interposed between permanent magnets. The machine has an internal stator and an external cylindrical rotor. Permanent magnets and SMC blocks are mounted on the inner surface of the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: TM4 INC.
    Inventors: Ruisheng Shi, Arbi Gharakhani, Martin Houle
  • Patent number: 10594197
    Abstract: A radial-gap type superconducting synchronous machine 1 is prepared which includes a rotor 20 having, on its peripheral side, a convex magnetic pole 21 which includes, at its distal end part, bulk superconductors 30. When viewed in the direction of the rotational axis C1 of the rotor 20, the magnetic pole center side of the bulk superconductors 30 is disposed nearer to a stator 10 than the magnetic pole end side of the bulk superconductors 30. A ferromagnet 28 is disposed on the rotational axis C1 side of the bulk superconductors 30. A magnetizing apparatus 100 is disposed outside the bulk superconductors 30 in the radial direction of the rotor 20. Magnetization of the bulk superconductors 30 is performed by directing magnetic flux lines from the magnetizing apparatus 100 toward the bulk superconductors 30.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: National University Corporation Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology
    Inventors: Mitsuru Izumi, Motohiro Miki
  • Patent number: 10593456
    Abstract: A motor-actuator device using a PDL trap system is provided. In one aspect, a motor-actuator device includes: a PDL trap having a pair of diametric magnets, and a levitated diamagnetic rotor in between the diametric magnets, wherein at least a portion of the diamagnetic rotor has a rectangular shape; and an electrode shell having at least one pair of semicircular electrodes which surround, but are in a non-contact position with the levitated diamagnetic rotor and each other. A system including the motor-actuator device and an electrode driver circuit is also provided, as is a method of operating the motor-actuator device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Oki Gunawan
  • Patent number: 10498342
    Abstract: A system and method for producing discretely assembled logic blocks where the logic block assemblies are a 3-dimensional representation of the normal digital design hierarchy. The blocks contain embedded logical functions that are built up from only a few basic 2-dimensional parts that are assembled into a 3-dimensional structure that realizes a particular logic or computing element. These structures can be combined to produce more complex digital structures and even processors. The two basic structural parts are a node and a strut with the strut typically including an embedded logic function. These are combined to produce spatially distributed structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: William Kai Langford, Amanda Ghassaei, Neil Gershenfeld
  • Patent number: 10355549
    Abstract: A machine for obtaining very high power density is provided, significantly increasing the air-gap magnetic flux density and eliminating the ferromagnetic steel traditionally employed to carry and shield magnetic flux. In one embodiment, an arrangement of main coils and a set of compensating coils is employed to cancel out the field outside the machine without the use of iron while maintaining air gap field levels that are 3 to 10 times greater than conventional machines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Inventor: Kiruba Sivasubramaniam Haran
  • Patent number: 10298151
    Abstract: A power conversion device includes an enclosure containing one or more drops of a liquid. A capacitive electret transducer is coupled to the enclosure. In response to applied heat at a heating surface, the liquid vaporizes and then condenses on a flexible membrane of the capacitive electret transducer. The flexible membrane is displaced in response to the vaporization-condensation and the capacitive electret transducer generates an output current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignees: STMicroelectronics (Crolles 2) SAS, STMicroelectronics SA, Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives
    Inventors: Stephane Monfray, Christophe Maitre, Olga Kokshagina, Thomas Skotnicki, Ulrich Soupremanien
  • Patent number: 10255998
    Abstract: A fusion device produces fusion of neutral atoms and ions in an “aneutronic fusion” manner without neutrons as products utilizes strong ion-neutral coupling at high neutral densities. Ions and neutrals rotate together in a cylindrical chamber due to frequent collisions. High magnetic forces make the attainment of high rotation energy possible; the magnetic field in a medium can be set at very high values because of the absence of magnetic charges. The repeated acceleration by strong magnetic forces in the azimuthal direction makes possible very high ion velocity. Fusion takes place mainly between neutral particles. This approach can be applied to fusion with neutrons as well. Conventional fusion schemes and neutron sources can be realized using the principles described above in the generation of neutrals of high energies and densities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Inventor: Alfred Y. Wong
  • Patent number: 10170960
    Abstract: An energy harvesting system for converting kinetic energy to electrical power includes an intake energy device, an impeller, and a motor. The intake energy device includes a housing and fins. The fins are positioned on an inner surface of the housing for receiving exhaust air. The received exhaust air moves the fins generating a vortex. The impeller is positioned at an inlet of a compressor and is in fluid communication with the intake energy device. The impeller is configured to receive the generated vortex, which rotates the impeller. The motor is rotatably connected to the impeller. The motor is electrically connected to a regulating circuit for converting kinetic energy of the exhaust air to electrical power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Inventor: Gianfranco Guercio
  • Patent number: 10047732
    Abstract: An electrothermal device (1, 100) includes a primary chamber (2) having an anode nozzle (6) provided with an inlet passage (7), a cathode tip (9) at least partially inserted into the inlet passage (7), and a primary air inlet (10) leading into the inlet passage (7), and a voltage generator (11) arranged between the anode nozzle (6) and the cathode tip (9) in such a way as to generate an electric arc (12) on the path of the primary air flow (13) injected into the primary chamber (2). It includes a secondary chamber (3) wherein a secondary air flow (15) circulates in a heat exchange relation with the heated primary air flow (14) from the primary chamber (2), the secondary air flow (15) having a lower temperature than the heated primary air flow (14) leaving the primary chamber (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Inventor: Xavier Morin
  • Patent number: 9945445
    Abstract: A computer controlled support and stabilization unit comprising of a vertical array of magnets for levitating a flywheel containing fluid, a computer controlled adjustable bearing support means that can clamp and unclamp the rotating center shaft of a flywheel containing fluid between a plurality of bearings, a computer controlled adjustable magnetic lifting support means for lifting the flywheel containing fluid to reduce the forces placed on the vertical array of magnets for levitating a flywheel containing fluid and reduce the forces placed on the plurality of bearings clamping the rotating center shaft of a flywheel containing fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: Heptron Power Transmission Limited
    Inventor: Gary Murphy
  • Patent number: 9941773
    Abstract: An actuator includes a circuit board having an electromagnetic interference (EMI) reduction circuit. The actuator includes a motor having a motor casing mounted on the circuit board. A portion of the motor casing contacts a surface of the circuit board. The actuator includes an electrical contact conductively coupled to the EMI reduction circuit and mounted on the surface of the circuit board. The electrical contact establishes a conductive path between the EMI reduction circuit and the motor casing when the motor casing is mounted on the circuit board.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Johnson Controls Technology Company
    Inventors: Robert Alexander, Robert Freimuth, James Wanasek, Ralph Arndt
  • Patent number: 9927498
    Abstract: In one implementation, a magnetic sensor device used for sensing a static or dynamic magnetic field includes a ring-shaped magnet, a sensor chip arranged in an opening of the ring-shaped magnet, and a leadframe, with the ring-shaped magnet and the sensor chip directly disposed on the leadframe. The sensor chip may further include a carrier with a stepwise configuration having two or more different planes with the ring-shaped magnet and the sensor chip disposed on different planes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: Infineon Technologies AG
    Inventors: Klaus Elian, Horst Theuss, Alexander Spielbauer, Ingrid Bollmann
  • Patent number: 9917500
    Abstract: A non-traditional topology of a superconductive electric motor or generator increases the air gap flux density by reducing stray flux and concentrating lines of flux within the air gap. An electric motor or generator utilizing the invention will include three components: a rotating armature, a permanent magnet stator and a shielding sleeve. The shielding sleeve of the motor is a hollow cylinder that fits between the armature and the stator, and is configured to cool a plurality of high-temperature superconductors within it to a temperature below their critical temperatures. These superconductors are placed at an optimized position to redirect flux and promote greater efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: Dominion Alternative Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Earl Enoch Fleck, Andrew Whitehead
  • Patent number: 9879974
    Abstract: A linear-motion stage that is angularly or radially symmetric or asymmetric, or monolithic may be used as the moving mechanism in a Fourier transform spectrometer. In embodiments, a linear-motion stage includes a base; a first multiple-arm linkage extending from the base to a first carriage attachment end; a second multiple-arm linkage extending from the first carriage attachment end to the base; a third multiple-arm linkage extending from the base to a second carriage attachment end; a carriage extending from the first carriage end to the second carriage end. Also in embodiments, the first, second, and third multiple-arm linkages comprise a first arm rotateably connected to a second arm through a flexure, the angular travel of the first arm is configured to be different than an angular travel of the second arm as the carriage moves along the carriage motion line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: Utah State University
    Inventors: Kendall B. Johnson, Gregory R. Hopkins
  • Patent number: 9768652
    Abstract: Superconducting field poles each include a superconducting coil body formed by spirally winding a superconducting wire material, a ferromagnetic outer magnetic field-deflecting member arranged on an end face of the superconducting coil body at a radially outer side of a rotor, and a ferromagnetic inner magnetic field-deflecting member arranged on an end face of the superconducting coil body at a radially inner side of the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignees: KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION TOKYO UNIVERSITY OF MARINE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Yohei Murase, Katsuya Umemoto, Mitsuru Izumi, Keita Tsuzuki
  • Patent number: 9679052
    Abstract: Provided is a portable electronic device including a signal processing unit, a controller that supplies a control signal to the signal processing unit, and a power generation unit that generates an electrical signal as power and supplies the generated electrical signal to the signal processing unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignees: Sony Corporation, Sony Computer Entertainment Inc.
    Inventors: Masakazu Yajima, Takeshi Yamagishi, Takeshi Itagaki, Hideaki Ishioka, Katsuhiko Nakano
  • Patent number: 9500963
    Abstract: An exposure apparatus has a substrate holding member, a first supporting member, a second supporting member, and a driving system. The first supporting member supports the substrate holding member from below. The second supporting member supports the first supporting member from below such that the first supporting member and the second supporting member are capable of moving relative to each other. The driving system moves the substrate holding member, the first supporting member and the second supporting member. The driving system includes a first driving device and a second driving device, the first driving device moving the substrate holding member and the first supporting member in a direction along a predetermined axis, and the second driving device moving the second supporting member in the direction along the predetermined axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: NIKON CORPORATION
    Inventor: Yasuo Aoki
  • Patent number: 9479085
    Abstract: Capacitive machines generate torque, generate electric power, and/or transmit electrical signals using closely spaced parallel plates wherein one plate is in motion relative to the other. Closer plate spacing, and thus greater power capacity, is obtained by defining flexures at or near the locations where the plates are anchored to their actuators or mountings, and by defining walls which obstruct fluid flow between one or more of the plates. As one plate is set in motion parallel to the other, thereby inducing fluid flow between the plates, the flow generates a fluid pressure distribution which tends to maintain the plates in spaced relation. In response to the pressure, the flexures allow the plates—which may be out of parallel—to displace and/or tilt from their nominal positions into close parallel relation, thereby providing better capacitance (and thus better torque/power/signal transmission).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: C-Motive Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel Colin Ludois, Micah Jon Erickson
  • Patent number: 9464667
    Abstract: Stray magnetic fields created by non-symmetrical magnetisation of the permanent magnets in a rotating magnet array of a magnetic bearing assembly, when used in turbo molecular pumps, can cause significant problems to devices such as scanning electron microscopes. In order to minimise the stray fields, at least the dipole and quadrupole moments of each magnet in the array is first measured. The magnets in the array are then arranged relative to one another such that both the dipole and quadrupole moments are minimised, thus minimising the stray magnetic field when the magnet array rotates in the turbomolecular pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: Edwards Limited
    Inventors: Barrie Dudley Brewster, Andrew Waye
  • Patent number: 9400768
    Abstract: Methods, systems, algorithms and signal processing devices for determining the dynamic variables of pressure, density, velocity and conductivity of a generated mass slug, known as the Treacle and formed in a shock discontinuity produced by explosive detonation, deflagration or nature, are provided herein. The parameter determination is based on the discovery of the existence of a Treacle formed in the reaction zone of a shock wave. This verbal noun describes the action of changing the kinetic energy (treacling) of a mass slug immersed and traveling through a magnetic field thereby generating a detectable Alfvén wave, which is measured and with an algorithm yields the Treacle dynamic variables. The information is further used to devise methods and systems that utilize the information to create shock shields and high power devices or any other electrically powered transmission disposed within an electrical load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2016
    Inventor: Ronald G. Lundgren
  • Patent number: 9373481
    Abstract: A beam collimator includes a plurality of lens units that are arranged along a reference trajectory so that a beam collimated to the reference trajectory comes out from an exit of the beam collimator. Each of the plurality of lens units forms a bow-shaped curved gap and is formed such that an angle of a beam traveling direction with respect to the reference trajectory is changed by an electric field generated in the bow-shaped curved gap. A vacant space is provided between one lens unit of the plurality of lens units and a lens unit that is adjacent to the lens unit. The vacant space is directed in a transverse direction of the collimated beam in a cross section that is perpendicular to the reference trajectory. An inner field containing the reference trajectory is connected to an outer field of the plurality of lens units through the vacant space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2016
    Assignee: Sumitomo Heavy Industries Ion Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kouji Kato, Yoshitaka Amamo
  • Patent number: 9203334
    Abstract: This invention is intended to provide a wind power generator system or method for controlling a wind power generator system, designed to implement switching-initiated smooth energy changeover without leading to a complex system configuration. The method of controlling a wind power generator system according to an aspect of the invention, wherein the generator system includes a wind turbine that uses wind to generate electric power and a control device that controls the wind turbine, is a control method designed so that when the wind turbine is generating power, the turbine drives the control device by use of the turbine-generated power, irrespective of an electric power system state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Sakamoto, Takuji Yanagibashi, Tsutomu Hasegawa, Masaya Ichinose, Takashi Matsunobu, Kenichi Azegami, Noriyuki Uchiyama
  • Patent number: 9080557
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for direct energy conversion that combines the properties of Type II superconductor thin films, including the Meissner effect to create vortices to control and modulate static flux coupled in a magnetic circuit, where the laws of induction are used to produce an electrical signal without the use of moving armatures. The dynamics of magnetic flux modulation results from suppression of superconductivity and the Meissner effect by external photon irradiation. The apparatus employs a vortex channel based on the Meissner Effect, a laser, a permanent magnet, fiber optics for carrying the laser beam to the vortex channel, and a transformer composed of two separate windings. The transformer windings are arranged in a circuit having a first path through the permanent magnet and a first coil of the transformer windings; and a second path through the permanent magnet, the vortex channel, and the second coil of the transfer windings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Inventor: Eddie Sines
  • Patent number: 9077232
    Abstract: An actuator is shown and described. The actuator includes a brushed DC motor and a circuit board. The circuit board for the brushed DC motor includes an EMI reduction circuit and a mounting location for the brushed DC motor. The mounting location includes a resilient conductive member that is surface mounted on the circuit board at the mounting location. When the motor is mounted to the circuit board at the mounting location, the motor case contacts and at least slightly compresses the resilient conductive member, conductively connecting the motor case to the EMI reduction circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Assignee: JOHNSON CONTROLS TECHNOLOGY COMPANY
    Inventors: Robert Alexander, Robert Freimuth, James Wanasek, Ralph Arndt
  • Patent number: 8991340
    Abstract: An electrically-coupled thermal cycle is used to create an electrically-powered heat pump. Energy stored in electrical circuitry is cycled in and out of a working cylinder via windings so that the piston head performs a heat pump cycle. Such a heat pump may be used to extract heat energy from ambient air, and to deliver that heat to an external heat sink by way of the cylinder head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Altor Limited LC
    Inventor: Jonathan R. Wood
  • Publication number: 20150076928
    Abstract: An apparatus comprising: a permanent magnet providing magnetic flux; an electric field generator comprising at least one conductive loop and high permeability material configured to direct magnetic flux preferentially through the at least one conductive loop adjacent a first portion of a length of the at least one conductive loop; and a supporting system configured to support the permanent magnet at a distance from the electric field generator and enable relative movement between the permanent magnet and the electric field generator. A corresponding method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 19, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventor: Ari Immonen
  • Patent number: 8944096
    Abstract: A method for controlling the pressure and/or the flow rate of a fluid includes withdrawing flow energy from a fluid flowing through a pipeline (15). This energy is converted at least partially into electrical energy and used for the electrical control (65) of the flow rate and/or the pressure of a fluid. The device for controlling the flow rate and/or pressure of a fluid in a pipeline (20) has at least one electric generator (35), which is developed for the withdrawal of flow energy from a flowing fluid and for converting this energy at least partially into electrical energy. The device has a control mechanism (65) for controlling the flow rate and/or pressure of a fluid in a pipeline (20) with an electric driving mechanism supplied by the generator (35).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: B/E Aerospace Systems GmbH
    Inventors: Ruediger Conrad, Heiko Marz
  • Publication number: 20140265643
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for generating electricity by electromagnetic induction, using a magnetic field modulated by the formation, dissipation, and movement of vortices produced by a vortex material such as a type II superconductor. Magnetic field modulation occurs at the microscopic level, facilitating the production of high frequency electric power. Generator inductors are manufactured using microelectronic fabrication, in at least one dimension corresponding to the spacing of vortices. The vortex material fabrication method establishes the alignment of vortices and generator coils, permitting the electromagnetic induction of energy from many vortices into many coils simultaneously as a cumulative output of electricity. A thermoelectric cycle is used to convert heat energy into electricity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 17, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Silicon Turbine Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard Adams
  • Publication number: 20140246866
    Abstract: A micro-motion generator or apparatus attached to an article such as an article of clothing generates an electric current to power a load device of the apparatus, for example an LED on the article of clothing in response to movements of the person wearing the article of clothing. The component parts of the apparatus are constructed with dimensions that enable the apparatus to be made a part of an object.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2012
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Inventor: Scott E. Gossler
  • Patent number: 8816565
    Abstract: A two-dimensional comb-drive actuator and manufacturing method thereof are described. The two-dimensional comb-drive actuator includes a supporting base, a frame and a movable body. The supporting base has first comb electrodes and the frame has internal comb electrodes and external comb electrodes. The external comb electrodes of the frame are interdigitated to the first comb electrodes of the supporting base. The movable body has second comb electrodes which are interdigitated to the internal comb electrodes of the frame. The thicknesses of the second comb electrodes of the movable body are unequal to the internal comb electrodes of the frame and the external comb electrodes of the frame are unequal to the first comb electrodes of the supporting base. The two-dimensional comb-drive actuator utilizes a conducting layer for the above-mentioned comb electrodes in order to increase the rotation angle and operation frequency thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Opus Microsystems Corporation
    Inventors: Chang-li Hung, Ta-wei Lin
  • Publication number: 20140152227
    Abstract: A propulsion system is presented, the system comprising primary and secondary electromagnetic field generators being attached to a frame at a predetermined distance between them, and a control unit connected thereto and configured to create pulsating electromagnetic fields generated by at least one of the electromagnetic field generators. The pulsating electromagnetic field is configured to pulsate at time intervals determined in accordance with retardation time caused by said predetermined distance between the primary and secondary electromagnetic field generators. Interaction between the electromagnetic field generators and electromagnetic fields generated thereby provides a total net force acting on the system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2014
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Inventors: Miron TUVAL, Asher YAHALOM
  • Publication number: 20140145522
    Abstract: Electromagnetic digital materials are made up of a set of voxels, some of which are made from electromagnetically active materials. Each voxel is adapted to be assembled into a structure according to a regular physical geometry and an electromagnetic geometry, and a majority of the voxels in the set are reversibly connectable to other voxels. Voxels in the set may differ in material composition or property from other voxels in the set. Voxels may be arranged into multi-voxel parts that are assembled into the structure according to a regular physical geometry and the electromagnetic geometry. Electromagnetic structures may be made from the electromagnetic digital material, and may be fabricated by an automated process that includes assembling a set of voxels by reversibly connecting the voxels to each other according to a regular physical geometry and an electromagnetic geometry and assembling the reversibly connected voxels into the electromagnetic structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2013
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Neil A. Gershenfeld, Nadya M. Peek, Ernest Rehmi Post, William Kai Langford
  • Patent number: 8726857
    Abstract: In accordance with an embodiment of the invention, there is provided a device for generating electrical energy using a thermal cycle of a working gas. The device comprises at least one piston movably mounted in a container to form a working chamber between the at least one piston and the container, the working chamber containing the working gas performing the thermal cycle. An electrical circuit is mounted stationary relative to the container, the electrical circuit being electromagnetically coupled to provide a motive force to the at least one piston. An electronic power converter is electrically connected to the electrical circuit and to an electrical bus, and an electrical storage device is electrically connected to the electrical bus. The at least one piston is movably mounted such that its motion electromagnetically induces current in the electrical circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Altor Limited LC
    Inventor: Jonathan R. Wood
  • Patent number: 8710849
    Abstract: A process for measuring particle concentrations in a gas using an ejector for producing an essentially constant sample flow and for efficient mixing of the particle-containing sample and essentially clean, ionized gas. The invention also relates to an apparatus implementing such process. The process and the apparatus can be utilized for example in measuring particle concentrations in an exhaust system of a combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Pegasor Oy
    Inventor: Juha Tikkanen
  • Patent number: 8663738
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are an armature for fuel pumps and a manufacturing method thereof, in which a polymer coating film is formed on an armature core such that the armature has corrosion resistance to an alcohol fuel and to a highly corrosive fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Coavis
    Inventors: Kisang Moon, Seonghwan Moon
  • Patent number: 8544425
    Abstract: Some embodiments relate to an engine driven generator that includes a first electrical fan and a second electrical fan. The engine driven generator further includes a power source and a circuit connecting the power source to the first electrical fan and the second electrical fan. The circuit is configured to selectively connect the first electrical fan and the second electrical fan in series or in parallel. The circuit may operate the first electrical fan and the second electrical fan at full speed when the first electrical fan and the second electrical fan are electrically connected in parallel. The circuit may operate the first electrical fan and the second electrical fan at less than full speed when the first electrical fan and the second electrical fan are electrically connected in series.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Kohler Co.
    Inventors: Douglas W. Dorn, Isaac S. Frampton, Paul E. Honkanen
  • Patent number: 8546995
    Abstract: A micro-electro-mechanical actuator consists of a first semiconductor layer comprising a movable element with comb electrodes, a support element with inner and outer comb electrodes and a stationary element with comb electrodes, an electrical insulation layer, and a second semiconductor layer with a cavity to allow out-of-plane rotation of the movable and support elements. The movable element is mounted to the support element by a first pair of torsional hinges whereas the support element is mounted to the stationary element by a second pair of torsional hinges such that the actuator is in gimbaled structure. Inner comb electrodes of the support element interdigitate with comb electrodes of the movable element, and outer comb electrodes of the support element interdigitate with comb electrodes of the stationary element in the same plane defined by the first semiconductor layer to form in-plane comb-drive actuators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Opus Microsystems Corporation
    Inventors: Chang-Li Hung, Ta-Wei Lin
  • Publication number: 20130221680
    Abstract: A solution for harvesting energy from motion resulting from operation of an object, such as a vehicle, is provided. The motion can comprise low-frequency motion. The solution can include at least one magnet, at least one coil, a magnet supporting structure, a coil supporting structure, and a design component which provides a restoring force to at least one of: the magnet supporting structure or the coil supporting structure so as to ensure relative motion between the magnet(s) and coil(s). The relative motion of the magnet(s) and coil(s) generate energy which can be harvested for wireless monitoring or other purposes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2013
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Zahid F. Mian, Ronald W. Gamache, Ryk E. Spoor
  • Patent number: 8485146
    Abstract: An engine device includes an engine, a power generating portion, a motor portion, and a transmission mechanism. The engine includes a piston and a cylinder, and the piston is arranged in the cylinder and moves back and forth between a top dead center and a bottom dead center. The power generating portion and the motor portion are annularly disposed on the periphery of the cylinder. When the piston moves from the top dead center towards the bottom dead center, the transmission mechanism drives a power generating rotor of the power generating portion to move correspondingly in a direction opposite to that of the piston and enables the power generating portion to generate electric power. When the piston is located at the bottom dead center, the motor portion actuates a motor rotor to move, and pushes the piston to move towards the top dead center through the transmission mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Hui-Chun Ho, Shao-Yu Li, Min-Chuan Wu, Ta-Chuan Liu
  • Publication number: 20130162057
    Abstract: A hollow ring torus permanent magnet generator, with a sphere shaped permanent magnet which spins/revolves within the hollow ring torus passing through insulated copper magnet wire windings wound around the exterior portion of the ring torus shaped body wherein the passing of the sphere shaped permanent magnet through the coil produces electrical current in the insulated copper magnet wire windings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2010
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Inventor: Randal Scott Turner
  • Publication number: 20130127263
    Abstract: Disclosed are a washing unit for washing contaminants within a washing machine, a permanent magnet inducing unit for effectively washing an inner wall of a water tank by using induction of an electric field or providing a motion to an artificial floating body of the water tank, and a drain cover for a washing machine for assisting a washing operation of a washing ball of the washing machine. The washing unit has a body for maintaining a certain shape such as a ball and a plurality of washing projections, and is introduced into spaces between the water container and the washing tub and between the water tank and the pulsator to frictionally remove various filths attached to the washing tank, the washing tub and the pulsator with the washing projections that floats at a predetermined depth of washing water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2010
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Inventor: Ho Yong Park
  • Patent number: 8358040
    Abstract: A permanent magnet type electric rotating machine having a high resistance permanent magnet used for the electric rotating machine, the permanent magnet containing a magnetic powder and a fluorine compound, in which the current waveform is controlled for reducing the loss to satisfy a relation: A<C<B and restrict the 7th higher-harmonic component to 20% or less where A is the content for the 5th higher harmonic component, B is the content for the 7th higher harmonic component, and C is the content for the 11th higher harmonic component, assuming the total of contents for the fundamental components of a current supplied to the findings being 100%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Matahiro Komuro, Yuichi Satsu, Haruo Koharagi, Yuji Enomoto
  • Publication number: 20120313458
    Abstract: The invention provides ironless electrical machines with reducer of Eddy current losses (Eddy current reducer) that improves the performance of machine. In the electromechanical systems with ironless electrical machines, it greatly reduces the Eddy current losses in moving conductive part from stationary permanent magnets (or in stationary conductive part from moving magnets).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2010
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Inventor: Alexei Stadnik
  • Patent number: 8330585
    Abstract: A power supply for supplying electric power comprises a power circuit which supplies L channels of electric power (L: positive integer), a control circuit board which outputs multiple types of control signals including a digital control signal and a PWM signal, a digital-to-analog converter having M channels (M: positive integer less than L) each of which converts the digital control signal into an analog control signal, and N demodulation circuits (N=L?M) each of which generates an analog control signal by demodulating the PWM signal. The control circuit board is electrically connected to the power circuit via the M channels of the digital-to-analog converter and the N demodulation circuits. N is a positive integer not more than M.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Masahito Hamaya
  • Publication number: 20120299398
    Abstract: A distribution of an element to improve coercivity for each magnet is decided, based on analysis results of magnetic fields within a plurality of magnets (M26 and the like), and by structuring each of the plurality of magnets based on the distribution, it becomes possible to realize a permanent magnet having strong magnetic force and high heat-resisting performance whose residual magnetic flux density and coercivity are both improved, using a small amount of an element which improves coercivity. And, by designing a magnet unit using the permanent magnet, and a motor using the magnet unit, it becomes possible to obtain a motor with high performance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2012
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Applicant: NIKON CORPORATION
    Inventor: Shigeru MORIMOTO
  • Publication number: 20120169144
    Abstract: A magnet used in a transducer includes a first part made of a first type of material, and a second part made of a second type of material. The density of the second type of material is greater than the density of the first type of material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Publication date: July 5, 2012
    Applicants: AMERICAN AUDIO COMPONENTS INC., AAC ACOUSTIC TECHNOLOGIES (SHENZHEN) CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Suo-he Wei
  • Patent number: 8182560
    Abstract: A process for gasifying hydrocarbon-containing materials and separating the resultant stream into hydrogen gas and other useful products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Inventors: Thomas W. Kaufman, Verner Christensen
  • Patent number: 8146371
    Abstract: A combustor/coil assembly for direct electromagnetic induction from a detonation wave comprises an annular combustor, a magnetic field source and a port. The annular combustor comprises an inner liner and a coaxial outer liner. The outer liner is electrically insulated from the inner liner. The magnetic field source generates a substantially axial magnetic field inside the annular combustor. The port introduces reactants into the annular combustor to form the detonation wave. The detonation wave induces a voltage between the inner liner and the outer liner by forming a current loop between the inner liner and the outer liner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Craig A. Nordeen
  • Publication number: 20110273032
    Abstract: A Karman vortex street generator including a shell (1), permanent magnets (3, 6), a vortex generating body (4), and a metal winding (5). Both ends of the shell (1) are respectively provided with an inlet end (2) and an outlet end (7). The permanent magnets (3, 6) are respectively located on two corresponding surfaces inside the shell (1), and the N pole of the permanent magnet on one surface corresponds to the S pole of the permanent magnet on the other surface so as to form a magnet field in the shell (1). The vortex generating body (4) is provided in the vertical center position near the inlet end (2) in the shell (1) so as to generate a Karman vortex when a fluid flows. The metal winding (5) located in the magnet field is able to regularly cut magnetic lines of force under the action of the Karman vortex and makes magnetic flux passing through the metal winding (5) change so as to generate an induction current.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Inventor: Ming LU
  • Patent number: 7979938
    Abstract: The drive system drives a brushhead at a driving frequency. The drive system includes a frequency modulation system which changes. the driving frequency about a center frequency in such a manner, with selected frequency deviation and modulation frequency, which interacts with the resonance of the brushhead to produce a change of amplitude in the movement of the brushhead within a range of 5-30%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.
    Inventors: Ronald C. Lilley, Scott E. Hall, John W. Pace, William E. Bryant, Joseph W. Grez