Abstract: An image display apparatus according to the present invention includes: a display panel configured to display an image; a light emitting unit configured to emit light onto the display panel; an acquisition unit configured to acquire an expansion parameter to expand a reproducible color gamut, which is a range of colors that the image display apparatus can reproduce, from a reference color gamut to an expanded color gamut; and a conversion unit configured to generate output image data by performing, on input image data, color conversion processing to convert a color outside the expanded color gamut into a color within the expanded color gamut based on the expansion parameter, wherein the light emitting unit increases an emission brightness of the light emitting unit based on the expansion parameter.
Abstract: In an example of this disclosure, a method may include receiving or generating image segmentation data for a plurality of pixels. The image segmentation data may include one or more image segmentation values for each pixel of the plurality of pixels. The method may include converting the one or more image segmentation values into one or more image component values. The method may include sending the one or more image component values corresponding to the one or more image segmentation values to a video encoder.
Abstract: A unit acquires first image data expressing a color of an image and second image data expressing a feature of the image. A unit color-separates the first image data into first and second color material amount data. A unit generates inverted data by inverting the second image data. A unit generates first corrected data from the first color material amount data and the inverted data and generates second corrected data from the second color material amount data and the second image data. A unit generates, based on the first corrected data, first data indicating on dot printing positions during a printing and scanning operation, generates, based on the second corrected data, second data indicating on dot printing positions in the operation, and generates, based on the first and second data, image forming data.
Abstract: In various embodiments, a color gamut mapper includes a gamut map selection generator configured to analyze color space signals and generate a gamut map selection signal in response thereto. A color gamut transformer is configured to process the color space signals via a selected one of a plurality of gamut maps to generate gamut mapped color space signals, wherein the selected one of the plurality of gamut maps is selected in response to the gamut map selection signal. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Abstract: To add an arbitrary recording medium as a recording medium that can be used for calibration to maintain the quality of an image to be formed, an image forming unit forms a pattern image on each of a specific recording medium that can be used for the calibration and the arbitrary recording medium. A creating unit creates second conversion setting information applied to the arbitrary recording medium to convert luminance information into density information, using first luminance information obtained from the pattern image formed on the specific recording medium, second luminance information obtained from the pattern image formed on the arbitrary recording medium, and first conversion setting information applied to the specific recording medium for converting luminance information into density information. A determining unit determines a common image formation condition applied to the specific recording medium and the arbitrary recording medium based on the second conversion setting information.
Abstract: Image data is adjusted for display on a target display. Maximum safe expansions for one or more attributes of the image data are compared to maximum available expansions for the attributes. An amount of expansion is selected that does not exceed either of the maximum safe expansion and the maximum available expansion. Artifacts caused by over expansion may be reduced or avoided.
Abstract: An apparatus for compressing an image including: a principal component analyzer, a puncture, a truncator, and a projector. The principal component analyzer iteratively performs a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) on a selected portion of the image, wherein each resulting orthogonal basis set has “N” basis vectors. The puncturer punctures selected dimensional components of the orthogonal basis set resulting from each PCA of the selected portion of the image, without removing any of the associated “N” basis vectors thereof. The truncator removes selected basis vectors of a final one of the resulting orthogonal basis sets of the principal component analyzer, thereby forming a truncated basis set for compression of the selected portion of the image. The projector projects the image onto the truncated basis set thereby obtaining coefficients of the selected portion of the image, relative to the truncated basis set.
Abstract: An image processing apparatus is provided which offers higher versatility than conventional image processing apparatuses. When an input signal to a spatial filtering block is a monochrome signal that contains Y component only, a selector selects its input terminal and a selector selects its input terminal. Then, a low-pass filter output signal of a programmable spatial filter is inputted to a spatial filter, and a low-pass filter output signal of the spatial filer is inputted to a spatial filter. That is, the programmable spatial filter and the spatial filters are connected in series (in cascade), and the cascade-connected three spatial filters perform filtering operation. In this example, low-pass filters with 5H5 taps are connected in cascade in three stages, which enables low-pass filtering with 13H13 taps.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus comprises an operation unit which performs an operation for calculating amount data of a printing material which indicates an amount of a printing material required to form the image, a reduction processing unit which changes, when it is determined that the amount of a printing material needs to be reduced, the amount data of the printing material to a value corresponding to the reduced amount of the printing material, an inverse operation unit which perform an inverse operation of the operation for the amount data of the printing material, after processing by the reduction processing unit, and an image forming unit configured to form an image on the basis of amount data of a printing material for which an inverse operation is performed.
Abstract: Provided are a timing controller for converting RGB data to WRGB data, a driving method thereof, and an LCD device using the same. The timing controller according to an embodiment includes a reception unit to receive input RGB data from an external device; a converter to convert the input RGB data into input WRGB data composed of W, R, G and B data; an aligner to convert one of the W, R, G, and B data into 0 to generate conversion WRGB data, the conversion WRGB data having bits less than the total number of bits composing the W, R, G, and B data; a controller to transfer the conversion WRGB data to an external memory; and a re-aligner to convert the conversion WRGB data received from the external memory into digital WRGB data corresponding to the input WRGB data, and to output the digital WRGB data.
Abstract: The color response of camera devices may be calibrated, using a correction factor that can account for differences in the spectra of light emitted by different light sources used during calibration. The correction factor may be calculated based on the expected spectral sensitivities of the camera devices, the power spectrum of an actual light source, and the power spectrum of a canonical light source. The correction factor is then applied to adjust a measured color response of a given camera device, so that the adjusted color response is effectively the response of the given camera device if it had been illuminated by the canonical light source. In this manner, any measured color response differences, which may be due to differences between the actual light source used and the canonical light source, can be effectively reduced (if not essentially eliminated.) Other embodiments are also described and claimed.
August 30, 2012
Date of Patent:
July 14, 2015
Edward T. Chang, Scott T. Smith, Damien J. Thivent, Richard L. Baer, Paul M. Hubel
Abstract: An image processing apparatus that can store a plurality of operations and easily import a template prescribing operations of the image processing apparatus to change GUI definitions. Property information is set which is for setting accompanying information added to image data sent to a server, and has a name part and a value part in which a name and a value, respectively, of the accompanying information are defined. Whether or not information indicative of a second name and information indicative of a second value are included in the value part is determined. When the information indicative of the second name and the information indicative of the second value are included in the value part, the name defined in the name part is converted to the second name, and the value defined in the value part is converted to the second value. The second name and the second value are displayed.
Abstract: An apparatus and a method for correcting colors of an image projection device are provided. The method includes: acquiring a photographed image by photographing a sample image projected on projection surface; generating input-output color information for n regions, based on color values of a block in the sample image and corresponding color values of the block in the photographed image; selecting one of the n regions of photographed images as a reference region; generating look-up tables (LUTs) for non-reference regions, based on the reference region and the input and output color information; and correcting colors of input images to be projected by the image projection device using the look-up tables, thereby minimizing color difference of the input images on the projection surface for both intra and inter projection device color correction while simplifying the correction procedure.
October 23, 2012
Date of Patent:
May 12, 2015
Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, National University of Sciences & Technology
Yong Ju Cho, Yong Ju Lee, Seung Kwon Beack, Ji Hun Cha, Seong Yong Lim, Myung Seok Ki, Joo Myoung Seok, Jin Woong Kim, Muhammad Murtaza Khan, Rehan Hafiz, Haris Anis, Mutahir Latif, Ashar Rasul, Arshad Ali
Abstract: A first table, which expresses a color reproducible characteristic of a first output device, is generated, and a second table, which expresses a color reproducible characteristic of a second output device, is generated. Color values of grid points of the first table are mapped to a color gamut of the second output device expressed by the second table. A third table, which expresses a relationship between color values of the first table after mapping processing and device values required to reproduce colors of the color values by the second output device, is generated. With reference to the third table, a profile, which expresses a relationship between color values of grid points arranged on a uniform color space, and device values required to reproduce colors of the color values by the second output device, is generated.
Abstract: A method for providing a LUT for changing color components of pixels of an image includes generating N two-dimensional slices from a three-dimensional LUT. The N two-dimensional slices are arranged in order from a first two-dimensional slice to an Nth two-dimensional slice. The method includes generating N upsampled slices corresponding to the N two-dimensional slices. The N upsampled slices are arranged in order from a first upsampled slice to an Nth upsampled slice. The method includes forming a first group of slices comprising the N upsampled slices, and forming a second group of slices comprising a second two-dimensional slice of the N two-dimensional slices through the Nth two-dimensional slice and a copy of the Nth two-dimensional slice. The method includes storing the first group of slices and the second group of slices, respectively, in a zero level of a mip map and a first level of the mip map.
Abstract: A color gamut for each printing mode is maximally used, a color separation table is used, which includes an area (color reproduction maintaining area) for which an image having a color difference of a predetermined value or less between printing modes in a case where the same input value is input is output and an area (area other than the color reproduction maintaining area) for which an image having a color difference of a predetermined value or more between the printing modes in a case where the same input value is input is output. From this, a color matching table can be shared between the printing modes.
Abstract: A digital printer is equipped with a built-in color measurement device in the form of a colorimeter or spectral photometer, as well as with color management support. The built-in color measurement device is used for control and optimization of the print output, especially for the simplification, optimization and automation of the work processes and for the verification of the output results.
Abstract: The present invention includes a first generating unit that generates a recording-amount of a chromatic-color-material in each pixel of a color-image from first image data indicating the color-image; a second generating unit that generates a recording-amount of a transparent-color-material in each pixel of a transparent-image from second image data indicating the transparent-image; a storage unit that stores an upper-limit-recording-amount of the color-materials and an upper-limit-recording-amount assignable to the transparent-color-material, for color material image data indicating an image formed from the recording-amount of the chromatic-color-material and the recording-amount of the transparent-color-material; and a correcting unit that calculates a recording-amount assignable to the transparent-color-material by subtracting the recording-amount of the chromatic-color-material from the upper-limit-recording-amount of the color-materials, and corrects the recording-amount of the transparent-color-material
Abstract: The color of a pixel in a scanned image is represented by two color components and is adjustable by interpolating between color component values obtained from elements in a bidimensional color remap look-up table. The table is sparsely populated and may be readily implemented in most scanner circuits without adding memory.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus not having a measuring sensor and an image forming apparatus having a measuring sensor are arbitrarily combined with each other to thereby achieve calibration with respect to the image forming apparatus not having the sensor. A color printer obtains measuring instrument information on measurement of a color in the image forming apparatus having the measuring sensor, and generates a chart image. A measuring printer measures the chart image using measurement chart information including conditions for measuring the chart image transmitted from the color printer.
Abstract: This disclosure provides spot color control methods, apparatus and systems. According to one exemplary embodiment, disclosed is a method of generating device dependent color recipes for a plurality of printing devices. The method includes generating a first device dependent recipe for a target color for rendering on a first printing device, and generating a second device dependent recipe for the target color for rendering on a second printing device, whereby the second device dependent recipe is a function of the first device dependent color recipe.
Abstract: Correction of brightness of image data outputted by an image sensor which includes a light emitting portion, a photoelectric conversion portion in which a plurality of photoelectric transducers are arrayed in line, and a charge transfer portion. For a smear occurred at the charge transfer portion, reference smear amount data is stored, corresponding to each of color components of light from the light emitting portion and a correction target pixel. A correction amount for brightness is based on a difference between brightness values of a first color component and a second color component and the reference smear amount data.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for extending LCDS imaging data stream imaging capabilities. An imaging data stream can be modified to permit the imaging data stream to implement at least one full-color call for rendering full-color forms and full-color jobs via at least one rendering device within a rendering system. This can be accomplished by creating and associating at least one full-color extension with a syntax of the imaging data stream in order to implement the at least one full-color call in an extensible set of color spaces, and also compactly decoding, storing indexing and searching the at least one full-color call within a particular job. In addition, an LCDS imaging data stream can be modified to provide an image substitution pathway to permit at least one full-color image included in said LCDS imaging data stream to be substituted for monochrome images or highlight color images.
November 14, 2006
Date of Patent:
February 10, 2015
George Kenneth Hartupee, Jr., Hayley H. Yau
Abstract: An image processing apparatus is provided that is capable of very accurately and efficiently reducing uneven color caused by variation in ejection characteristics among nozzles that eject ink and that occurs in a color image that is formed by mixing a plurality of different kinds of ink. A patch is printed by ejected ink from a plurality of nozzles, a region is specified so as to perform color correction in a test color image that is printed on a printing medium, a plurality of different color correction processing is performed on color signals that correspond to a color correction region, a plurality of color correction patches are printed, a color correction patch to be used is selected from among the plurality of different color correction patches and table parameters that correspond to the nozzles are created based on the selected color correction processing.
Abstract: With respect to an object that strokes a path existing in page description data, the position of a start point of a line element formed along the path is estimated based on a path construction operator and a dotted line pattern determining operator. If the distance between the start point and an end point of the path is equal to or less than a prescribed threshold value, the position of the end point of the path is changed to another position along the path in order to increase the distance.
Abstract: When image is formed by a liquid ejection head, input image data is subjected to conversion processing including tone conversion using a first look-up table (LUT) and density correction or non-uniformity correction in nozzle units using second LUTs. Ink use amount in image formation is predicted from reduced image data which is generated from the input image data. In this, the calculation is made more efficient by applying a third LUT which is compiled according to requirements from the second LUTs, to the reduced image data, rather than using the second LUTs directly. Since the image conversion processing is carried out which combines the first LUT for tone conversion and the third LUT corresponding to the non-uniformity correction, and the ink amount distribution data is calculated from the reduced image data after the conversion, then it is possible to ascertain an accurate ink amount which reflects the image adjustment conditions.
Abstract: An image scanning apparatus includes a scanning unit configured to scan an original document and generate a scanned image, a storage unit configured to store the generated scanned image, an image processor including a plurality of image processing modules, the plurality of image processing modules separately including a plurality of buffers configured to store the scanned image of block units, and configured to read the generated scanned image in preset block units and perform image processing on the scanned image read in block units sequentially using the plurality of image processing modules, and a controller configured to store the image-processed scanned image in the storage unit.
Abstract: A color management system includes an input device, an input processor, and a plurality of print engines. The input processor is configured to transform, using an input transformation stored on the input device, the digital image in an input source color space to a digital image in a standardized multi-color color space. A print engine processor of the print engine is configured to receive the digital image in the standardized multi-color color space from the input processor and transform, using a print engine transformation stored on the print engine, the digital image in the standardized multi-color color space to a digital image in a print engine multi-color color space. The input transformation includes a color gamut coverage at least equal to color gamut coverage of all the print engines in the color management system.
Abstract: An image reading device has a light source section that includes light sources of a plurality of colors and that emits light in one color during a period for reading one line and switches the color of the light source lit cyclically from one line to the next, an image sensor that reads one color per line, a data generation section that generates image data of the light source color which is the color of the light source lit during reading, a memory that stores a plurality of lines' worth of the image data, and a remaining color component generation section that determines the pixel value of a color component other than the light source color based on the pixel values of pixels around a pixel of interest.
Abstract: Disclosed is a processor-implemented method for limiting ink output of marked image data using a target printer. A processor determines a constrained output (CMYK) LUT node data set for outputting the image data using the target printer to thereby mark the image data using a limited amount of ink. The constrained set is determined by re-encoding an encoded emulation output data, i.e., constraining an initial LUT node data set for the target printer based on a second. ICC profile with a smaller gamut. This allows the printer to inherit the smaller gamut. By constraining the initial LUT as disclosed herein, the final, constrained set emulates the smaller gamut in the target printer without suffering from pathological outcomes. The method enables the printer to inherit a natural ink limit methodology for the output colors that is more relatively proportional, and in a single destination profile.
September 6, 2013
Date of Patent:
December 16, 2014
James Michael Sanchez, Guo-Yau Lin, David C. Robinson
Abstract: A method includes dividing an input range of color values of a first color space into a plurality of sub-ranges, wherein at least one of the sub-ranges comprises an over-range color value. The method also includes determining for each sub-range a level of accuracy in converting color values within each sub-range. The method further includes determining a processing step to be applied to input color values in each sub-range based on the determined level of accuracy.
Abstract: A system including an image data source and a transfer function module. The image data source is configured to provide image data. The transfer function module is configured to generate a transfer function to process the image data, define a first region of the transfer function, wherein a curvature of the transfer function in the first region is less than or equal to a threshold, define a second region of the transfer function, wherein a curvature of the transfer function in the second region is greater than the threshold, allocate a first number of sample inputs to the first region, allocate a second number of the sample inputs to the second region, wherein the second number is greater than the first number, map the sample inputs to sample outputs using the transfer function, and populate entries of a lookup table with the sample outputs.
February 26, 2014
Date of Patent:
November 18, 2014
Marvell International Ltd.
Bradley C. Aldrich, Moinul H. Khan, Kayla L. Chalmers
Abstract: Provided is an image processing device. A first color space converting unit converts image data in an RGB colorimetric system, which has a color gamut wider than a color gamut of a liquid crystal panel into image data in an XYZ colorimetric system. A three-dimensional nonlinear color gamut converting unit performs conversion on tristimulus values of the XYZ signal. At this time, the image data is classified into four colors and converted respectively such that the first color is displayed in a color accurate to the inputted data, the second color is displayed such that saturation of the second color is increased, the third color is displayed using a color gamut of a predetermined range out of the color gamut of the liquid crystal panel, and the fourth color is displayed in a color corresponding to a boundary of the color gamut of the liquid crystal panel.
Abstract: A color management method, wherein a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) is used for converting colors from a source device color space to an output device color space in accordance with predetermined color profiles of the source and output devices. The method includes the steps of storing, in the GPU, an at least three-dimensional conversion texture that specifies a color conversion table; loading input color data into the GPU; sampling the conversion texture at a position specified by the input color data, thereby to identify output color data; and outputting the output color data.
Abstract: The present invention provides a color image processing apparatus which reduces the amount of color materials consumed that are used to form a color image with reference to an index with high utility. To accomplish this, a color image forming apparatus of the present invention is a color image processing apparatus which applies image processing to image data of an input color image, and outputs the processed image data, and which changes tone values of respective colors of the color image, so that a conversion result obtained when image data of the color image are converted into amounts of color materials becomes an amount based on a reference conversion result, the reference conversion result being obtained when the image data are color-converted by a predetermined color conversion method and the converted data is further converted into an amount of a color material.
Abstract: Error diffusion processing is performed for each pixel in each region of an image divided into a plurality of regions, by scanning in both the first and second directions different to each other. A diffusion coefficient set for diffusing, to the pixel of interest to be processed, a quantization error generated upon quantizing a pixel near the pixel of interest is set in accordance with the position of the pixel of interest in scanning in the first direction in the region of interest. The pixel of interest to which an error has been diffused from a pixel position referring to the set diffusion coefficient set is quantized.
Abstract: A method includes determining whether a program module for varying print settings for a printer driver is participating in print processing when the printer driver executes print processing; and switching a part of the print settings for the printer driver to the print settings according to the program module when the program module is participating in the print processing.
Abstract: Systems, methods, and computer readable media for performing color correction operations to address memory color artifacts in a manner suited for real-time operations. In general, techniques are disclosed for correcting memory color rendering artifacts in an image without performing color space conversions. In one implementations, hue-saturation-value (HSV) image correction values may be expressed solely in terms of an image's base red-green-blue (RGB) color space values. Once expressed in this manner, color correction may be applied to the image directly—without the need to convert the image's color space into and out of a working color space (e.g., an HSV color space). As no color space conversions are necessary, the disclosed techniques are well-suited to real-time operations.
Abstract: A method of producing a color image using a display comprised of pixels comprising red, green and blue primary color subpixels. The method comprises reducing the color gamut and increasing the brightness of the image relative to a base level, decreasing power to the display to reduce the brightness of the image, restoring color to the image to approximately the base level by modifying image pixel data using a three-dimensional lookup table to produce output image pixel data, and communicating the output image pixel data to the display. The display may be an LCD display, an LED display, an OLED display, a plasma display, and a DMD projector. Reducing the color gamut and increasing the brightness of the image may be accomplished by adding white to the image. The white may be added adaptively according to an algorithm by which the amount of white added decreases with increasing color saturation.
Abstract: System and methods for gamut bounded saturation adaptive color enhancement are provided. Color enhancement incorporating gamut bounded saturation enhances colors of an pixel from a source color gamut such that the resulting color is within a target color gamut. This resulting color may, for example, take advantage of an expanded target color gamut of a display. Gamut bounded saturation may be implemented independently or in combination with RGB bounded saturation.
Abstract: A method of calculating a correction value used when signal value correction is performed with respect to an image signal supplied to a display panel includes setting a target luminance value, which is not uniform in an overall surface of the display panel, as a target luminance value of one image signal value such that at least a portion of a distribution of target luminance values at each plane position of the display panel becomes a curved distribution, and calculating a correction value at each plane position of the display panel using luminance observed at each plane position of the display panel when one image signal value is given to the overall surface of the display panel and the target luminance value at each plane position of the display panel.
Abstract: There is provided a print data generating device which generates print data for printing using plural kinds of color material. The device includes a processor, and a memory storing computer-readable instructions which, when executed by the processor, causes the device to perform acquiring pixel data including grayscale values of plural color components corresponding to the plural kinds of color material, acquiring plural limitation values which are determined for the plural color components in the pixel data, respectively, and according to fixing characteristics of color material of the respective color components, to a print medium, determining a total allowable amount in printing a color represented by the pixel data based on the limitation values, correcting the pixel data such that a total amount of color material for the pixel data does not exceed the total allowable amount if needed, and generating the print data based on the corrected pixel data.
Abstract: A computer-implemented method and system for enhancing black density of a halftoned bitmap are provided. The method includes receiving a halftoned bitmap into computer memory, and, using a computer, identifying at least one black-only pixel in the halftoned bitmap. The method further includes for each of the identified black-only pixels, identifying at least one black-only pixel as a candidate for adding color based at least in part on the location of the black-only pixel with respect to an edge in the halftoned bitmap, modifying the halftoned bitmap by adding color to at least one of the candidate black-only pixels, and outputting the modified halftoned bitmap.
Abstract: An image processing device performs: defining determination regions based on image data; executing a first color conversion for the image data using a first type of parameter to generate a first image; determining an estimated amount of colorant for each determination region, the estimated amount indicating an usage amount of colorant to be used for each determination region when the first image is printed; outputting the first image if the estimated amounts of colorant for all determination regions are smaller than or equal to respective threshold values; and executing a second color conversion for the image data using a second type of parameter to generate a second image if the estimated amount of colorant for at least one is greater than the threshold value, the usage amount of colorant for the second image being smaller than the usage amount of colorant for the first image.
Abstract: An image-reading apparatus, includes a variation acquiring unit that acquires a variation of a distance or an angle between a medium to be read and an imaging unit or a light source, and a color shift correcting unit that calculates a color shift between the medium and the imaging unit or the light source based on the variation acquired by the variation acquiring unit and corrects the color shift.
Abstract: Provided is an image processing device which enables image display that takes full advantage of a color reproduction performance of a panel without providing a viewer with a feeling of strangeness. An image processing device includes: a color gamut conversion processor configured to convert inputted data into RGB data according to a liquid crystal panel; a weighting factor calculator configured to calculate a weighting factor; a first post-color-gamut-conversion data weighting processor configured to perform weighting processing to the RGB data; an inputted data weighting processor configured to perform weighting processing to the inputted data; and an output adder configured to add data after the weighting processing to generate RGB data to be supplied to the liquid crystal panel.
Abstract: An image processing apparatus is disclosed. The image processing apparatus includes a color conversion processing unit which obtains CMY data from input color space coordinate data of image data, and an output data generating unit which generates output data by forming CMYK data by using a result output from a color conversion processing section. The color conversion processing section includes an optimum color reproduction data structure which gives the CMY data for obtaining a full color image optimally reproduced from the input color space coordinate data, and a color material using amount reducing data structure for outputting the input color space coordinate data by reducing the color material using amount with the use of a reference value in which the color material using amount is increased for a hue of an output image giving a high psychological effect and is decreased for a hue of the output image giving a low psychological effect.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes an image forming unit, a storage unit, an image processing unit and a control unit. The image processing unit (i) calculates a summed height of a color toner image formed on a sheet by summing up a height of the color toner image on the basis of input image data, (ii) calculates, on the basis of a target value for glossiness stored in the storage unit, a target total height of the color toner image and a clear toner image to realize the target value for glossiness, and (iii) calculates a height of the clear toner image by subtracting the summed height from the target total height. On the basis of the calculated height of the clear toner image, the control unit adjusts the height of the clear toner image formed on the sheet.
March 18, 2013
Date of Patent:
August 12, 2014
Konica Minolta Business Technologies, Inc.
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes an image forming station for forming a pattern image on a recording material; an image reading station for reading a pattern image formed on a recording material by the image forming station; and a tone gradation corrector for calculating a halftone dot area property on the basis of the density of the pattern image read by the image reading station and for executing tone gradation correction in the image forming station on the basis of the calculated halftone dot area property.
Abstract: An apparatus for compensating for pixel distortion while reproducing hologram data includes an extraction unit, a determination and calculation unit, a table, and a compensation unit. The extraction unit extracts a reproduced data image from a reproduced image frame including the reproduced data image and borders. The determination and calculation unit determines position values of edges of the extracted reproduced data image, and calculates average magnification error values of pixels within line data from position values of start and end point pixels thereof, which are based on the determined position values of the edges. The table stores misalignment compensation values for the pixels within the line data, wherein the misalignment compensation values correspond to predetermined references for average magnification error values.