And Liquid Patents (Class 361/698)
  • Patent number: 10492341
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to examples of modular data centers configured to provide cooling to liquid-cooled electronics equipment stored within the modular data centers. In one aspect, a modular data center can be configured to provide cooling without requiring the use of mechanical refrigeration (e.g. vapor-compression or absorption refrigeration), through the use of a dry cooler in combination with an optional evaporative cooler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: CommScope Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Thomas F. Craft, Jr., Alan James Skrepcinski, Patrick Eugene Yantz
  • Patent number: 10424532
    Abstract: Disclosed is a working contact cooling system for a high-power device (1), wherein the sealed case body (8) is a structure having inner and outer layers, a chamber between the inner and outer layers is filled with a heat-superconductive coolant (9), and an outer wall of the outer layer of the sealed case body (8) is provided with heat dissipating fins (10); the sealed case body (8) is provided with an insulating liquid heat-conductive coolant (2), the coolant pump (6) sinks in the insulating liquid heat-conductive coolant (2), the filter (7) is installed at an inlet of the coolant pump (6), the coolant pump (6) is connected to the spray main pipe (5), and a plurality of spray branch pipes (4) are connected in parallel with the spray main pipe (5), each of the spray branch pipes (4) is provided with a plurality of nozzles (3), and the nozzles (3) face the high-power device (1); the nozzles (3) spray against front and back surfaces of the high-power device (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: GUANGDONG HI-1 NEW MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO LTD
    Inventor: Wei Wang
  • Patent number: 10032356
    Abstract: A display card protection circuit monitoring structure includes: a display card body; at least one protection circuit module, configured on the display card body, and adapted to generate an open-circuit state when the display card body is abnormal; at least one monitoring device, configured on the display card body and in electric connection with the protection circuit module, and adapted to monitor a use state of the protection circuit module; at least one power supply, respectively in electric connection with and supplying power to the protection circuit module and monitoring device; and at least one warning module, in electric connection with the monitoring device, and driven by the monitoring device to issue warning when the open-circuit state happens. Whereby, the protection circuit module is used to prevent the abnormality or damage of the display card body, and the motoring device can drive the warning module to issue warning.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: EVGA CORPORATION
    Inventor: Tai-Sheng Han
  • Patent number: 9992914
    Abstract: An apparatus for holding and cooling rack-mountable servers having heat-producing electronic components includes a tank, a volume of dielectric liquid coolant in the tank, mounting members that hold rack-mountable servers in the tank, one or more pumps, fluid velocity augmentations devices, and a liquid-to-liquid or liquid-to-refrigerant heat exchanger outside of the tank. The mounting members hold the rack-mountable servers in a vertical orientation within the tank such that the servers are commonly submersed in the volume of the dielectric liquid coolant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: GREEN REVOLUTION COOLING, INC.
    Inventors: Christiaan Best, Mark Garnett
  • Patent number: 9871342
    Abstract: A compact and inexpensive air-cooled laser device, having heat radiating fins configured to sufficiently cool a heat-receiving member thermally connected to a laser diode module positioned within a housing of the laser device having a substantially sealing structure. A flow direction of air flowing between heat radiating fins of a first fin set and a flow direction of air flowing between heat radiating fins of a second fin set are generally opposed to each other. Further, the first and second fin sets are positioned adjacent to each other, and thus an inflow area of the first fin set and an outflow area of the second fin set are also adjacent to each other. Therefore, most of the air after flowing between the fins of the first fin set is deflected by colliding with an inner wall of a housing, and then enters between the fins of the second fin set.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: FANUC CORPORATION
    Inventor: Hiroshi Takigawa
  • Patent number: 9738159
    Abstract: A system includes a grid coupled to an electrical bus; an electrical power modulation device coupled to the electrical bus that can output modified electrical power received from the electrical bus; a blower motor coupled to the electrical power modulation device that can receive the modified electrical power output and can provide a stream of air to affect a temperature of the grid, and a controller. A speed of the blower motor may be based at least in part on an amount of the modified electrical power. The controller can receive an operating parameter, and is responsive to that parameter by causing the electrical power modulation device to vary the amount of the modified electrical power. A blower motor speed may be controlled based at least in part on the operating parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Emil Nikolov, Ajith Kuttainnair Kumar, Theodore Clark Brown, Bret Dwayne Worden, Sudhir Kumar Gupta
  • Patent number: 9445529
    Abstract: Input data, specifying aspects of a thermal design of a liquid cooled data center, is obtained. The input data includes data indicative of ambient outdoor temperature for a location of the data center; and/or data representing workload power dissipation for the data center. The input data is evaluated to obtain performance of the data center thermal design. The performance includes cooling energy usage; and/or one pertinent temperature associated with the data center. The performance of the data center thermal design is output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2016
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Timothy J. Chainer, Madhusudan K. Iyengar, Pritish R. Parida
  • Patent number: 9128681
    Abstract: A liquid submersion cooling system that is suitable for cooling a number of electronic devices in parallel using a plurality of cases connected to a rack system. The system cools heat-generating components in server computers and other devices that use electronic, heat-generating components and are connected in parallel systems. The system includes a housing having an interior space, a dielectric cooling liquid in the interior space, a heat-generating electronic component disposed within the space and submerged in the dielectric cooling liquid. The rack system contains a manifold system to engage and allow liquid transfer for multiple cases and IO connectors to engage electrically with multiple cases/electronic devices. The rack system can be connected to a pump system for pumping the liquid into and out of the rack, to and from external heat exchangers, heat pumps, or other thermal dissipation/recovery devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: LIQUIDCOOL SOLUTIONS, INC.
    Inventor: Chad D. Attlesey
  • Patent number: 9110476
    Abstract: Energy efficient control of a cooling system cooling an electronic system is provided based, in part, on projected conditions. The control includes automatically determining an adjusted control setting(s) for an adjustable cooling component(s) of the cooling system. The automatically determining is based, at least in part, on projected power consumed by the electronic system at a future time and projected temperature at the future time of a heat sink to which heat extracted is rejected. The automatically determining operates to reduce power consumption of the cooling system and/or the electronic system while ensuring that at least one targeted temperature associated with the cooling system or the electronic system is within a desired range. The automatically determining may be based, at least in part, on an experimentally obtained model(s) relating the targeted temperature and power consumption of the adjustable cooling component(s) of the cooling system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Milnes P. David, Madhusudan K. Iyengar, Roger R. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 9075582
    Abstract: A cooling apparatus and method are provided for cooling one or more electronic components of an electronic subsystem of an electronics rack. The cooling apparatus includes a heat sink, which is configured to couple to an electronic component, and which includes a coolant-carrying channel for coolant to flow therethrough. The coolant provides two-phase cooling to the electronic component, and is discharged from the heat sink as coolant exhaust which comprises coolant vapor to be condensed. The cooling apparatus further includes a node-level condensation module, associated with the electronic subsystem, and coupled in fluid communication with the heat sink to receive the coolant exhaust from the heat sink. The condensation module is liquid-cooled, and facilitates condensing of the coolant vapor in the coolant exhaust. A controller automatically controls the liquid-cooling of the heat sink and/or the liquid-cooling of the node-level condensation module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Levi A. Campbell, Richard C. Chu, Milnes P. David, Michael J. Ellsworth, Jr., Madhusudan K. Iyengar, Robert E. Simons
  • Patent number: 9042099
    Abstract: A method is provided which includes providing a cooling apparatus which includes a door assembly coupled to the electronics rack at an inlet or air outlet side of the rack. The door assembly includes: an airflow opening configured to facilitate ingress or egress of airflow through the electronics rack with the door assembly mounted to the rack; an air-to-coolant heat exchanger disposed so that airflow through the airflow opening passes across the air-to-coolant heat exchanger, the air-to-coolant heat exchanger being configured to extract heat from the airflow passing thereacross; and a vapor condenser configured to facilitate condensing of dielectric fluid vapor egressing from at least one immersion-cooled electronic component section of the electronics rack. The cooling apparatus, including the door assembly, facilitates air-cooling and immersion-cooling of different electronic components of the electronics rack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Levi A. Campbell, Richard C. Chu, Milnes P. David, Michael J. Ellsworth, Jr., Madhusudan K. Iyengar, Roger R. Schmidt, Robert E. Simons
  • Patent number: 9038406
    Abstract: Dehumidifying cooling apparatus and method are provided for an electronics rack. The apparatus includes an air-to-liquid heat exchanger disposed at an air inlet or outlet side of the rack and positioned for air passing through the electronics rack to pass across the heat exchanger. The heat exchanger is in fluid communication with a coolant loop for passing coolant therethrough at a temperature below a dew point temperature of the air passing across the heat exchanger so that air passing across the heat exchanger is dehumidified and cooled. A condensate collector, disposed below the heat exchanger, collects liquid condensate from the dehumidifying of air passing through the electronics rack, wherein the heat exchanger includes a plurality of sloped surfaces configured to facilitate drainage of liquid condensate from the heat exchanger to the condensate collector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Levi A. Campbell, Richard C. Chu, Michael J. Ellsworth, Jr., Madhusudan K. Iyengar, Robert E. Simons
  • Patent number: 9042098
    Abstract: A cooling apparatus for an electronics rack is provided which includes a door assembly coupled to the electronics rack at an inlet or air outlet side of the rack. The door assembly includes: an airflow opening configured to facilitate ingress or egress of airflow through the electronics rack with the door assembly mounted to the rack; an air-to-coolant heat exchanger disposed so that airflow through the airflow opening passes across the air-to-coolant heat exchanger, the air-to-coolant heat exchanger being configured to extract heat from the airflow passing thereacross; and a vapor condenser configured to facilitate condensing of dielectric fluid vapor egressing from at least one immersion-cooled electronic component section of the electronics rack. The cooling apparatus, including the door assembly, facilitates air-cooling and immersion-cooling of different electronic components of the electronics rack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Levi A. Campbell, Richard C. Chu, Milnes P. David, Michael J. Ellsworth, Jr., Madhusudan K. Iyengar, Roger R. Schmidt, Robert E. Simons
  • Patent number: 9025332
    Abstract: A method is provided which includes providing a cooling apparatus for an electronics rack which includes a door assembly configured to couple to an air inlet side of the electronics rack. The door assembly includes: one or more airflow openings facilitating passage of airflow through the door assembly and into the electronics rack; one or more air-to-coolant heat exchangers disposed so that airflow through the airflow opening(s) passes across the heat exchanger(s), which is configured to extract heat from airflow passing thereacross; and one or more airflow redistributors disposed in a direction of airflow through the airflow opening(s) downstream of, and at least partially aligned to, the heat exchanger(s). The airflow redistributor(s) facilitates redistribution of the airflow passing across the air-to-liquid heat exchanger(s) to a desired airflow pattern at the air inlet side of the electronics rack, such as a uniform airflow distribution across the air inlet side of the rack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Levi A. Campbell, Richard C. Chu, Milnes P. David, Michael J. Ellsworth, Jr., Roger R. Schmidt, Robert E. Simons, Daniel E. Zambrano
  • Patent number: 9025330
    Abstract: A cabinet for housing and cooling electronic components with internally circulating air that is cooled at each of a plurality of equipment shelves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Alcatel Lucent
    Inventors: Marc Hodes, Alan Michael Lyons, William Harold Scofield
  • Patent number: 9019704
    Abstract: Methods and means related to rejecting heat through thermal storage are provided. A heat sink includes internal cavities containing a phase-change material. Heat from a thermal load is rejected by flowing fluid coolant at a normal operating temperature. Failure of the fluid coolant system causes heat storage within the phase-change material at a temperature slightly greater than the normal operating temperature. Restoration of the fluid coolant system results in stored heat rejection and a return to a normal operating temperature. Normal operation of the thermal load can be performed while efforts are made to restore the fluid coolant system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Brandon Rubenstein, Roy Zeighami
  • Patent number: 9013872
    Abstract: A method of fabricating a cooling unit is provided to facilitate cooling coolant passing through a coolant loop. The cooling unit includes one or more heat rejection units and an elevated coolant tank. The heat rejection unit(s) rejects heat from coolant passing through the coolant loop to air passing across the heat rejection unit. The heat rejection unit(s) includes one or more heat exchange assemblies coupled to the coolant loop for at least a portion of coolant to pass through the one or more heat exchange assemblies. The elevated coolant tank, which is elevated above at least a portion of the coolant loop, is coupled in fluid communication with the one or more heat exchange assemblies of the heat rejection unit(s), and facilitates return of coolant to the coolant loop at a substantially constant pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Levi A. Campbell, Richard C. Chu, Milnes P. David, Michael J. Ellsworth, Jr., Madhusudan K. Iyengar, Robert E. Simons
  • Publication number: 20150092349
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are provided for implementing redundant and high efficiency hybrid liquid and air cooling for chipstacks. The apparatus includes an electronic module having a chipstack of one or more semiconductor chips; a liquid heat sink lid over the chipstack; an inlet flow and an outlet flow enabling a low viscosity dielectric liquid to pass through the lid and around the chipstack of the electronic module; a top of said electronic module providing an airflow heat sink support surface for airflow cooling used in parallel to under-lid liquid cooling.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Bret P. Elison, Phillip V. Mann, Arden L. Moore, Arvind K. Sinha
  • Patent number: 8982557
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an electronic apparatus includes a printed circuit board, a heat pipe, a fan unit and a fixing unit. The heat pipe has a first end physically fixed to and thermally connected to a first circuit component, and a second end opposite to the first end. The fan unit is provided in the vicinity of the second end of the heat pipe, and cools the second end. The fixing unit fixes the position of the heat pipe at a position different from the position of the first circuit component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Hideki Watanabe, Shigeo Hayashi
  • Patent number: 8976526
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a medium voltage drive system includes a transformer, multiple power cubes each coupled to the transformer, and a manifold assembly. Each power cube includes cold plates each coupled to a corresponding switching device of the cube, an inlet port in communication with a first one of the cold plates and an outlet port in communication with a last one of the cold plates. The manifold assembly can support an inlet conduit and an outlet conduit and further support first and second connection members to enable blind mating of each of the first connection members to the inlet port of one of the power cubes and each of the second connection members to the outlet port of one of the power cubes to enable two phase cooling of the plurality of power cubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: TECO-Westinghouse Motor Company
    Inventors: Devdatta P. Kulkarni, Thomas Keister, Manzoor Hussain, Scott Simmons, Ut V. Pham, Rose Craft, Randall Pipho
  • Patent number: 8971041
    Abstract: A coldplate for use with an inverter in an electric vehicle (EV) or a hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV). The inverter includes a direct current (DC) link capacitor comprising multiple film capacitors configured in a stack. The coldplate includes a first portion configured for attachment to at least one electronic component, the first portion having a perimeter and for dissipating heat generated by the electronic component. The coldplate includes a second portion oriented along the perimeter of the first portion and forming a conduit, the conduit having a chamber extending from the perimeter of the first portion and between two of the plurality of film capacitors of the DC link capacitor. The conduit has an inlet and an outlet to facilitate circulation of a coolant through the chamber of the conduit for dissipating heat generated by the DC link capacitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Lear Corporation
    Inventors: Nadir Sharaf, Slobodan Pavlovic, Dilip Daftuar, Juan Lopez
  • Patent number: 8958208
    Abstract: A semiconductor device is disclosed that includes an insulation substrate, a metal wiring layer, a semiconductor element, a heat sink, and a stress relaxation member located between the insulation substrate and the heat sink. The heat sink has a plurality of partitioning walls that extend in one direction and are arranged at intervals. The stress relaxation member includes a stress absorbing portion formed by through holes extending through the entire thickness of the stress relaxation member. Each hole is formed such that its dimension along the longitudinal direction of the partitioning walls is greater than its dimension along the arranging direction of the partitioning walls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignees: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki, Showa Denko K.K.
    Inventors: Shogo Mori, Shinobu Tamura, Shinobu Yamauchi, Taizo Kuribayashi
  • Patent number: 8953316
    Abstract: A container includes first and second long sides parallel to the container's length. Racks are organized in rows parallel to the container's width. Each rack is receptive to installation of equipment along a height of the data rack parallel to the container's height. Openings are defined within the first and/or second long sides of the container. Heat exchangers may be installed, where each exchanger is installed on a rack to cool air exhausted by any equipment installed on this rack. Each row may include as many of the racks positioned side-to-side, length-wise, and parallel to the width of the container as can fit within the container. The racks of each row may be slidable in unison back and forth along the length of the container, between a first position at which the racks block an opening and a second position at which the racks block another opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Lenovo Enterprise Solutions (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
    Inventors: Paul A. Wormsbecher, Gregory J. McKnight, Michael S. Miller, Howard V. Mahaney
  • Patent number: 8947879
    Abstract: A container that holds rack mountable electronics equipment includes a plurality of rack enclosures and a corresponding plurality of enclosure cooling units. Each rack enclosure is movably mounted in the container such it can move from a position abutting a front of an enclosure cooling unit to a maintenance and access position spaced apart from the enclosure cooling unit. Each enclosure cooling unit is capable of providing varying amounts of cool air to the rack enclosure it abuts, so that the interior of each rack enclosure can be maintained at a different temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Smartcube, LLC
    Inventors: John P. Broome, Thomas S. Oberlin, Eduardo W. Nusser, Donald W. Kauffman
  • Patent number: 8934242
    Abstract: An air containment cooling system for containing and cooling air between two rows of equipment racks includes a canopy assembly configured to enclose a hot aisle defined by the two rows of equipment racks, and a cooling system embedded within the canopy assembly. The cooling system is configured to cool air disposed within the hot aisle. Other embodiments and methods for cooling are further disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Schneider Electric IT Corporation
    Inventors: John H. Bean, Jr., John Christopher Niemann
  • Patent number: 8929074
    Abstract: Electronic device assemblies employing dual phase change materials and vehicles incorporating the same are disclosed. In one embodiment, an electronic device assembly includes a semiconductor device having a surface, wherein the semiconductor device operates in a transient heat flux state and a normal heat flux state, a coolant fluid thermally coupled to the surface of the semiconductor device, and a phase change material thermally coupled to the surface of the semiconductor device. The phase change material has a phase change temperature at which the phase change material changes from a first phase to a second phase. The phase change material absorbs heat flux at least when the semiconductor device operates in the transient heat flux state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Shailesh N. Joshi, Ercan Mehmet Dede
  • Publication number: 20140362530
    Abstract: A device for cooling at least two distinct heat sources comprises a closed circuit in which a diphasic fluid flows. At least one capillary evaporator is configured to be placed in thermo contact with one of the heat sources, referred to as the primary heat source. Each other heat source referred to as a secondary heat source that is to be cooled. At least one exchanger configured to be placed in thermal contact with the secondary heat source. At least one first condenser positioned downstream of the evaporator, and upstream of the at least one exchanger. At least one last condenser positioned upstream of the evaporator and downstream of the at least one exchanger.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventor: Christophe Figus
  • Patent number: 8902589
    Abstract: A semiconductor module and a cooler capable of cooling a semiconductor element efficiently. The semiconductor module supplies a refrigerant to a water jacket configuring the cooler, to cool a circuit element part disposed on an outer surface of a fin base. This semiconductor module has: a fin connected thermally to the circuit element part; a refrigerant introducing passage in the water jacket, which has a guide part that has one surface and another surface inclined to guide the refrigerant toward one side surface of the fin; a refrigerant discharge passage disposed in the water jacket to be parallel to the refrigerant introducing passage, which has a side wall parallel to another side surface of the fin; and a cooling passage formed in a position for communicating the refrigerant introducing passage and the refrigerant discharge passage with each other in the water jacket. The fin is disposed in the cooling passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Fuji Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiromichi Gohara, Takeshi Ichimura, Akira Morozumi
  • Patent number: 8891240
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for cooling a semiconductor device. The apparatus comprises a chamber configured for receiving a cooling fluid; and a plurality of contact elements comprising respective first ends disposed within the chamber; wherein, during operation, respective second ends of contact elements contact a surface of the semiconductor device for transferring heat generated in the semiconductor device to the cooling fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Semicaps Pte Ltd
    Inventors: Choon Meng Chua, Lian Ser Koh, Sze Wei Choong, Jacob Chee Hong Phang
  • Patent number: 8885329
    Abstract: When testing or powering up a magnet in a magnetic resonance imaging device, a switch is provided that switches a winding between resistive and superconductive modes. The switch includes a housing that contains a winding wound about a bobbin, and an internal coolant cavity that contains coolant that cools the winding, A baffle separates the internal coolant cavity from an external coolant reservoir. The baffle has small apertures that permit influx of liquid coolant into the internal cavity to cool the winding, At high temperatures, the coolant in the internal cavity vaporizes causing the winding to further increase its temperature and resistance, Upon reduction of heat to the winding, the winding cools sufficiently to permit influx of liquid coolant, thereby restoring a superconductive mode of operation to the winding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventor: Alexander A. Akhmetov
  • Patent number: 8879253
    Abstract: An optoelectronic cooling system is equally applicable to an LED collimator or a photovoltaic solar concentrator. A transparent fluid conveys heat from the optoelectronic chip to a hollow cover over the system aperture. The cooling system can keep a solar concentrator chip at the same temperature as found for a one-sun flat-plate solar cell. Natural convection or forced circulation can operate to convey heat from the chip to the cover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Light Prescriptions Innovators, LLC
    Inventors: Juan Carlos Minano, Pablo Benitez
  • Patent number: 8848370
    Abstract: An inverter for a vehicle is disclosed. The inverter for the vehicle illustratively includes: a power module provided with a power semiconductor device; a cooling module coupled to the power module and flowing a coolant therethrough; and a capacitor module mounted at the cooling module through a mounting unit and adapted to absorb a ripple current of the power module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Dongmin Shin, Wooyong Jeon, In Pil Yoo, Hyong Joon Park, Joon Hwan Kim, Sungjun Yoon, Minji Kim, Jaehoon Yoon, Jung Hong Joo
  • Patent number: 8848368
    Abstract: A computer comprising at least one outer chamber, compartment, or bladder, at least one inner chamber, compartment, or bladder inside said outer chamber, compartment, or bladder, at least one internal sipe separating at least a part of said outer chamber, compartment, or bladder and at least a part of said inner chamber, compartment, or bladder, at least one Faraday cage; and the computer being configured to connect to at least one network of computers and comprising at least a first internal hardware firewall configured to deny access to at least a first protected portion of said computer from said network. At least a portion of an outer surface of said outer chamber, compartment, or bladder is proximate to an outer surface of said computer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Inventor: Frampton E. Ellis
  • Patent number: 8842434
    Abstract: A server rack heat dissipation system for a server including an electronic component comprises a first and a second heat dissipation assembly. The first heat dissipation assembly includes a first heat exchanger and a first pipeline. The first heat exchanger is inside the server rack and in thermal contact with the electronic component. The first pipeline is in thermal contact with the first heat exchanger and has a first coolant. The second heat dissipation assembly includes a second heat exchanger. The second heat exchanger is inside the server rack and in thermal contact with the first pipeline. The second heat exchanger can remove the heat of the electronic component in the first coolant in advance. Accordingly, the time of the first coolant being maintained in a vapor phase can be shortened, so that a power the fluid driving device used for driving the first coolant is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Inventec Corporation
    Inventors: Chien-An Chen, Kai-Yang Tung
  • Patent number: 8830672
    Abstract: A computer system includes a rack-mountable server unit with a closed server housing. The server housing has a channel with a recessed channel wall in conductive thermal communication with a processor or other heat-generating component. An elongate conduit is received into the channel of the server housing in conductive thermal communication with an external surface of the server housing. The server is cooled by conductive fluid flow through the conduit, with no appreciable airflow through the server housing. The system may be operated in an optional burst cooling mode, wherein a volume of cooling fluid is trapped in the conduit for a period of time before being quickly released.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Shareef F. Alshinnawi, Gary D. Cudak, Christopher J. Hardee, Randall C. Humes, Adam Roberts, Edward S. Suffern, J. Mark Weber
  • Patent number: 8824146
    Abstract: Electronic circuitry includes a circuit board and at least one component mounted on the circuit board, with the at least one component generating heat while in use. The circuit board includes one or more apertures aligned with one or more respective components, and the electronic circuitry is configured to provide, while in use, a path for coolant fluid to flow through each aperture and past the respective component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Thales Nederland B.V.
    Inventors: Gerrit Johannes Hendrikus Maria Brok, Wessel Willems Wits, Jan Hendrik Mannak, Rob Legtenberg
  • Patent number: 8817468
    Abstract: A switching power supply has electronic parts that configure a switching circuit. The electronic parts are accommodated in a casing. A seat member is formed unitarily with the casing on which the electronic parts are mounted. A coolant channel is formed through the seat member so as to be open at least at two positions of an outer wall surface of the casing. Coolant that flows through the coolant channel cools the electronic parts mounted on the seat member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventor: Shigeo Hirashima
  • Patent number: 8817471
    Abstract: A system for suppressing an overheat condition in an electrical housing includes an electrical housing that defines a housing area including one or more electrical devices; a suppression fluid container containing a suppression fluid; a valve configured to regulate the flow of the suppression fluid from the suppression fluid container to the housing area; at least one sensor configured to sense at least one of temperature and smoke; and a controller communicatively connected to the at least one sensor and the valve, the controller configured to receive signals from the at least one sensor indicating an overheat condition in the housing area; and in response to the received signals indicating the overheat condition in the housing area, control the valve to allow the suppression fluid to flow from the suppression fluid container into the housing area, in order to suppress the overheat condition in the housing area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Cooper Technologies Company
    Inventor: Kyle Steven Barna
  • Patent number: 8811016
    Abstract: A power converter device is disclosed herein. The power converter device includes a printed wiring board assembly, a cold plate base and a shell plate assembly. The cold plate base is fastened under the printed wiring board assembly for dissipating heat generated by the printed wiring board assembly. The shell plate assembly having a top shell plate, a bottom shell plate, at least two side plates respectively mounted on the cold plate base in different orientations. The printed wiring board assembly and the cold plate base are enclosed with the shell plate assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Delta Electronics (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Pei-Ai You, Gang Liu, Jin-Fa Zhang
  • Patent number: 8797739
    Abstract: A self-circulating heat exchanger apparatus for dissipating heat from an electronic assembly. An enclosure defines a closed-loop circulation path for coolant. An electronic assembly capable of generating heat is installed into a vertical portion of the enclosure such that heat from the electronic assembly causes coolant in the vertical portion to rise, thereby inducing self-circulation of the coolant in the enclosure. The electronic assembly is coated with a combination of silicon nitride and PARYLENE® in order to protect electronic components from water based coolants such as a mixture of ethylene glycol and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott D. Brandenburg, Suresh K. Chengalva
  • Patent number: 8780556
    Abstract: A retaining device for a printed circuit board includes an expandable bladder. The bladder is responsive to a source of pressurized fluid for selectively clamping a printed circuit board within a slot of an associated cooling and/or storage chassis. A method for retaining a circuit card within a chassis includes pressurizing a volume of fluid, and filling an expandable bladder with the pressurized fluid; wherein filling of the bladder causes its expansion and clamps a circuit card within the chassis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Lochheed Martin Corporation
    Inventor: John Ditri
  • Patent number: 8760865
    Abstract: A computer casing includes several electronic components, a first heat sink, a side plate, a second heat sink, a container, a pump, and a tube. The first heat sink is attached to an electronic component, and defines a channel including an inlet and an outlet. The side plate defines an opening. The second heat sink is fixed to the side plate and covers the opening. The second heat sink includes a first side facing the opening and an opposite side external to the side plate. The container is used to store coolant and is fixed to the first side of the second heat sink. A pump is connected to the container. The tube includes a first end connected to the pump and a second end connected to the inlet of the channel of the first heat sink, and stays in contact with the first side of the second heat sink.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignees: Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (ShenZhen) Co., Ltd., Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Xian-Xiu Tang
  • Patent number: 8755179
    Abstract: A thermal interposer for a heat-generating electronic component located on an adapter card of a computer includes a thermally conducting planar body. The thermally conducting planar body may be configured to be coupled to the adapter card such that a first surface of the planar body is in thermal contact with a surface of the electronic component. The thermal interposer may also include a cold plate assembly removably coupled to a second surface of the planar body opposite the first surface. The cold plate assembly may include an inlet adapted to receive a cooling liquid into the cold plate assembly and an outlet adapted to discharge the cooling liquid from the cold plate assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Asetek A/S
    Inventors: Monem H. Alyaser, Jeremy A. Rice
  • Patent number: 8749968
    Abstract: A method of cooling a computer server that includes a plurality of server modules, and is positioned in an enclosed room, includes transferring heat generated by a server module of the plurality of server modules to a hot plate of a liquid cooling system. The liquid cooling system may be positioned within the server module, and the hot plate may have a surface exposed to the enclosed room. The method may also include positioning a cold plate of a room-level cooling system in thermal contact with the hot plate. The method may also include directing a cooling medium through the room-level cooling system to transfer heat from the hot plate to a cooling unit positioned outside the room.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Asetek A/S
    Inventor: Steven B. Branton
  • Patent number: 8737071
    Abstract: A heat dissipation device is provided in the present disclosure, where the heat dissipation device includes a hollow heat-sink base and a set of fluid tube. The fluid tube is inserted in the heat-sink base, and a cooling medium circulates in the fluid tube. The heat-sink base includes a heat absorption area configured to absorb heat. A cooling fluid, received in the heat-sink base, may be vaporized at the heat absorption area to absorb the heat taken by the heat absorption area, and condensed at a position that is inside the heat-sink base and away from the heat absorption area and on the fluid tube to release the absorbed heat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mingliang Hao, Jun Zhao
  • Patent number: 8737059
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for controlling and monitoring an air-conditioning system of a data processing installation includes at least one server switchgear cabinet for accommodating electrical units. Controlling of the cooling power of an air-conditioning unit is performed in at least two distinct defined modes, wherein in a first mode the air volume capacity of a blower is controlled to a minimum value at a maximum defined temperature difference between sucked hot air and supplied cold air, and in a second mode the cooling power is controlled such that a maximum defined temperature for the cooling medium flowing from a heat exchanger is not exceeded. The method and apparatus provide energy-saving cooling of such data processing installations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Rittal GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Martin Doerrich, Michael Nicolai
  • Publication number: 20140133099
    Abstract: A method is provided which includes providing a cooling apparatus which includes a door assembly coupled to the electronics rack at an inlet or air outlet side of the rack. The door assembly includes: an airflow opening configured to facilitate ingress or egress of airflow through the electronics rack with the door assembly mounted to the rack; an air-to-coolant heat exchanger disposed so that airflow through the airflow opening passes across the air-to-coolant heat exchanger, the air-to-coolant heat exchanger being configured to extract heat from the airflow passing thereacross; and a vapor condenser configured to facilitate condensing of dielectric fluid vapor egressing from at least one immersion-cooled electronic component section of the electronics rack. The cooling apparatus, including the door assembly, facilitates air-cooling and immersion-cooling of different electronic components of the electronics rack.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Levi A. CAMPBELL, Richard C. CHU, Milnes P. DAVID, Michael J. ELLSWORTH, JR., Madhusudan K. IYENGAR, Roger R. SCHMIDT, Robert E. SIMONS
  • Patent number: 8711563
    Abstract: A cooling unit is provided to facilitate cooling of coolant passing through a coolant loop. The cooling unit includes one or more heat rejection units and an elevated coolant tank. The heat rejection unit(s) rejects heat from coolant passing through the coolant loop to air passing across the heat rejection unit. The heat rejection unit(s) includes one or more heat exchange assemblies coupled to the coolant loop for at least a portion of coolant to pass through the one or more heat exchange assemblies. The elevated coolant tank, which is elevated above at least a portion of the coolant loop, is coupled in fluid communication with the one or more heat exchange assemblies of the heat rejection unit(s), and facilitates return of coolant to the coolant loop at a substantially constant pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Levi A. Campbell, Richard C. Chu, Milnes P. David, Michael J. Ellsworth, Jr., Madhusudan K. Iyengar, Robert E. Simons
  • Patent number: 8699225
    Abstract: A liquid cooled power electronics assembly configured to use electrically conductive coolant to cool power electronic devices that uses dielectric plates sealed with a metallic seal around the perimeter of the dielectric plates to form a device assembly, and then forms another metallic seal between the device assembly and a housing. The configuration allows for more direct contact between the electronic device and the coolant, while protecting the electronic device from contact with potentially electrically conductive coolant. Material used to form the dielectric plates and the housing are selected to have similar coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) so that the reliability of the seals is maximized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott D. Brandenburg, Richard D. Parker, Erich W. Gerbsch, Gary L. Eesley, Carl W. Berlin
  • Patent number: 8699210
    Abstract: A system for cooling a multi-cell power supply, the system including a water pump, a water-to-air heat exchanger in fluid communication with the water pump, and a supply water manifold in fluid connection with the water-to-air-heat exchanger. The system further includes a plurality of power cells in fluid communication with the supply water manifold via one or more water hoses, and a multi-winding device in fluid communication with the plurality of power cells via at least one water-cooled bus, wherein the at least one water cooled bus electrically connects the power cells to secondary windings of the multi-winding device. The water-cooled buses provide both electrical current as well as cooling fluid to each winding of the multi-winding device, thereby eliminating a need for separate cooling and power connections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Siemens Industry, Inc.
    Inventors: Marc F. Aiello, Peter Willard Hammond, Edward Alan Cheesman, Wayne Sheldon Jordan, Jonathan Kunkle