Heat-exchange Jacket Surrounding Reaction Chamber Patents (Class 422/202)
  • Patent number: 11072525
    Abstract: A system for supplying hydrogen gas to a lighter-than-air (LTA) vehicle includes a manifold having multiple vessels. Each vessel has a first chamber that is separated from a second chamber by a barrier. A trigger assembly integrated with the barrier allows a liquid to be combined with a reactant and a catalyst in the second chamber to form a chemical reaction to generate hydrogen gas. A pressure relief valve located on each vessel opens to allow the hydrogen gas to exit when a predetermined pressure is reached, and the hydrogen gas is supplied to the LTA vehicle connected to the manifold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2021
    Assignee: United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Pamela A. Boss, Gregory W. Anderson, Brandon J. Wiedemeier, Carol A. Becker, Brooke Bachmann, Mark Gillcrist, Jeffrey M. Lloyd
  • Patent number: 10525428
    Abstract: The invention relates to a boiling water reactor for an exothermal reaction. The reactor comprises reactant by-pass inserts arranged on top of the upper tube sheet to provide for a catalyst layer on top of the upper tube sheet and also a cooling stream of reactant by-passing the upper layer of catalyst and cooling the upper tube sheet from the temperature rise due to the exothermal reaction taking place in the upper layer of catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Christian Wix, Michael Boe
  • Patent number: 10369540
    Abstract: A cell structure is provided that is (i) capable of handling, on inner and outer surfaces, heat transfer requirements of heat exchangers and/or be a substrate for coatings for catalytic reactors, (ii) able to be easily combined and interconnected into a variety of shapes, and (iii) may be created in an additive manufacturing process. The provided cell structure may be replicated and interconnected with other cell structures to create lattice structures in a variety of shapes. Accordingly, the cell structure may be used to build a heat exchanger or catalytic reactor that has reduced weight compared to traditional architectures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Charles Lo, Bijan F. Hagh, David Loeffelholz
  • Patent number: 10184099
    Abstract: Some embodiments include a system having a support structure configured to mechanically support a first bioreactor. The support structure can have a first frame and a second frame together being configured to mechanically support the first bioreactor in interposition between the first frame and the second frame. The first frame can maintain a first set point temperature of the first bioreactor through an exchange of thermal energy between the first frame and the first bioreactor when the first bioreactor is vitally supporting one or more first microorganisms and when the support structure is mechanically supporting the first bioreactor. Other embodiments of related systems and methods are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: Heliae Development LLC
    Inventors: Richard Mazur, Luke Cizek, Mason Oelschlager, Mason McCarty, Minh Duc Tram, Justin Hayden, Candyce Bair
  • Patent number: 10128518
    Abstract: Hydrogen production systems and methods of producing the same are provided. In an exemplary embodiment, a hydrogen production system comprises a reformer reactor that comprises a reformer reactor wall. A plurality of reformer tubes are interconnected to define a reformer lattice that has a reformer inner flow path and a reformer outer flow path. The plurality of reformer tubes are within the reformer reactor and connected to the reformer reactor wall at a plurality of discrete locations. The reformer lattice defines a combustor side that is one of the reformer inner or outer flow paths, and a reformer side that is the other of the reformer inner or outer flow paths. A reformer catalyst is positioned within the reformer side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Charles Lo, Dacong Weng, Bijan F. Hagh, David Loeffelholz
  • Patent number: 10128515
    Abstract: A fuel cell module includes a fuel cell unit and a casing. The casing has hollow surface members including a front surface member, a rear surface member, a right surface member, a left surface member, and a lower surface member. A single continuous air channel is formed by connecting spaces inside of these surface members. The air channel has a fluid inlet on the front surface member for allowing the air to flow initially in the front surface member. A first flange and a second flange are provided on the front surface member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Akihito Yuzuriha, Ayaka Nango, Hiroshi Ichikawa
  • Patent number: 10046290
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a shell-and-multi-triple concentric-tube reactor and a shell-and-multi-triple concentric-tube heat exchanger, and to a shell-and-multi-triple concentric-tube reactor and a shell-and-multi-triple concentric-tube heat exchanger which provide a new type of reactor and heat exchanger, thereby maximizing catalyst performance and improving performance of the reactor by optimizing heat exchange efficiency and a heat flow, uniformly distributing a reactant, and increasing a flow rate of the reactant, and accordingly making the reactor and the heat exchanger compact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Dong Ju Moon, Gi Hoon Hong, Jae Suk Lee, Jae Sun Jung, Eun Hyeok Yang, Sung Soo Lim, Young Su Noh, Ji In Park
  • Patent number: 9741462
    Abstract: Provided is a method of manufacturing silicon oxide by which an amount of oxygen of the silicon oxide may be controlled. The method of manufacturing silicon oxide may include mixing silicon and silicon dioxide to be included in a reaction chamber, depressurizing a pressure of the reaction chamber to obtain a high degree of vacuum while increasing a temperature in the reaction chamber to a reaction temperature, and reacting the mixture of silicon and silicon dioxide in a reducing atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Sang Yun Jung, Han Nah Jeong, Cheol Hee Park, Hyun Chul Kim, Byung Kyu Lim
  • Patent number: 9358491
    Abstract: A carbon dioxide sequestering and power generating device. The carbon dioxide sequestering and power generating device can include a bladed turbine driving a dynamo, a CO2-absorbing portion, and dielectric cushions. Air may flow into the device through one or more openings, simultaneously generating power while CO2 is drawn out of the air through passive processes. Generated electricity may be stored or transferred to a grid. Sequestered CO2 may be stored to be recycled or otherwise disposed of.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2016
    Inventor: Farouk Dakhil
  • Patent number: 9145299
    Abstract: A convectively heated steam/methane reformer having a shell and tube reforming reactor for hydrogen production. A reactor core containing the reactants is convectively heated by hot air flowing through the shell or annulus of the reactor. Heated air is supplied to the reactor through several fluid inlets on the shell side of the reformer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2015
    Assignee: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventors: Syed Ahmed Mohammed Said, Shakeel Ahmed, Mohammed Waseeuddin
  • Patent number: 9011791
    Abstract: A cracking furnace construction includes a firebox defining a chamber having a high emissivity thermal protective coating disposed on at least part of the refractory walls and/or on process tubes disposed within the chamber. The coating contains an inorganic adhesive for metal/alloy tubes or colloidal silica and/or colloidal alumina for refractory walls or ceramic tubes, a filler, and one or more emissivity agents. A method of coating the firebox chamber includes preparing the surface of the tubes/refractory walls, preparing the coating, and applying the coating to the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Emisshield, Inc.
    Inventors: John W. Olver, Jason Andrew Simmons
  • Patent number: 8980193
    Abstract: Described herein are embodiments of systems and methods for oxidizing gases. In some embodiments, a reaction chamber is configured to receive a fuel gas and maintain the gas at a temperature within the reaction chamber that is above an autoignition temperature of the gas. The reaction chamber may also be configured to maintain a reaction temperature within the reaction chamber below a flameout temperature. In some embodiments, heat and product gases from the oxidation process can be used, for example, to drive a turbine, reciprocating engine, and injected back into the reaction chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Ener-Core Power, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas Renau Denison, Boris A. Maslov
  • Patent number: 8980191
    Abstract: An apparatus 1 for manufacturing trichlorosilane includes a decomposition furnace 2 into which polymers and hydrogen chloride are introduced, the decomposition furnace 2 includes: a heating device 11 which heats an interior of the decomposition furnace 2; a reaction chamber 4 which is formed in the decomposition furnace; a center tube 3 which is inserted in the reaction chamber 4 along a longitudinal direction of the reaction chamber and has a lower-end opening portion 3a; raw-material-supply pipes 5 and 6 which supplies the polymer and the hydrogen chloride to the reaction chamber 4 at an exterior of the center tube 3; and a gas-discharge pipe 7 which leads out reacted gas from the center tube 3, the apparatus 1 further includes a fin 14 that leads the polymer and the hydrogen chloride to the lower-end opening portion 3a of the center tube 3 so as to stir the polymer and the hydrogen chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Toshiyuki Ishii, Eiji Komai, Harumi Satoh
  • Patent number: 8980192
    Abstract: Described herein are embodiments of systems and methods for oxidizing gases. In some embodiments, a reaction chamber is configured to receive a fuel gas and maintain the gas at a temperature within the reaction chamber that is above an autoignition temperature of the gas. The reaction chamber may also be configured to maintain a reaction temperature within the reaction chamber below a flameout temperature. In some embodiments, heat and product gases from the oxidation process can be used, for example, to drive a turbine, reciprocating engine, and injected back into the reaction chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Ener-Core Power, Inc.
    Inventor: Boris A. Maslov
  • Patent number: 8959769
    Abstract: A method of assembling a syngas cooler is provided. The method includes coupling a supply line within a cooler shell, coupling a heat transfer panel within the cooler shell, and coupling a heat transfer enclosure within the cooler shell such that the heat transfer enclosure substantially isolates the heat transfer panel from the cooler shell. A manifold is coupled in flow communication with the supply line, the heat transfer enclosure, and the heat transfer panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Robert Henri Gauthier, James Michael Storey, Yasir Hafeez Abbasi
  • Patent number: 8926917
    Abstract: Described herein are embodiments of systems and methods for oxidizing gases. In some embodiments, a reaction chamber is configured to receive a fuel gas and maintain the gas at a temperature within the reaction chamber that is above an autoignition temperature of the gas. The reaction chamber may also be configured to maintain a reaction temperature within the reaction chamber below a flameout temperature. In some embodiments, heat and product gases from the oxidation process can be used, for example, to drive a turbine, reciprocating engine, and injected back into the reaction chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Ener-Core Power, Inc.
    Inventor: Boris A. Maslov
  • Patent number: 8895796
    Abstract: Described herein are processes and related devices and systems for the conversion of higher hydrocarbons, such as in the form of waste plastics, petroleum sludge, slope oil, vegetable oil, and so forth, into lower hydrocarbons, which can be used as fuels or raw materials for a variety of industrial and domestic uses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Innovative Energy Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Atul G. Kelkar, Prasad V. Bhat
  • Publication number: 20140326925
    Abstract: Gasification reactor and process for the production of synthesis gas by partial combustion of a carbonaceous feed. The reactor comprises a reactor chamber with one or more burners and at least one oil lance extending into the reactor chamber. The oil lances can for instance be located at a level 1.5 meters or less below or above the burners.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Inventors: Johannes Cornelis De Jong, Chengming Gao
  • Publication number: 20140294694
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a process for transferring catalyst in a fluid catalytic cracking apparatus. The process can include passing the catalyst through a conveyor wherein the conveyor contains a screw for transporting the catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2013
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: UOP, LLC
    Inventors: Sathit Kulprathipanja, Paolo Palmas
  • Patent number: 8828191
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for pyrolytic destruction of polymer products including whole vehicle vulcanised rubber tires is disclosed. The apparatus 111 has a reaction chamber 153 into which a tire can be placed, and immersed for pyrolytic decomposition in a molten alloy of zinc with a minor proportion of aluminium. The apparatus 111 has a heated reservoir 155 in which the alloy is maintained in a molten state, and from where it can be transferred to the reaction chamber 153 to immerse the tire. Fluid hydrocarbon byproducts are drawn off for condensation and recovery, and solid zinc sulphides are also recovered. Where steel belted tires are processed, carbon and steel residues are also recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Inventor: Michael John Shaw
  • Patent number: 8815170
    Abstract: Devices and methods are presented in which heat transfer from the surface of a high-temperature exothermic reaction mass is removed while largely maintaining the temperature of the mass at a desired level by allowing heat to radiate from the surface of the reaction mass to a first absorber that forms part of a reactor vessel, from which the heat is then removed using a second absorber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: James Ronald Hilderband, Mark W. Dassel
  • Patent number: 8742192
    Abstract: The conversion and run length for oligomerization of olefins over a molecular sieve catalyst in a tubular reactor is improved by controlling the peak temperature to not exceed 50 degrees C. above the temperature of the temperature control fluid exiting the shell side outlet of the reactor. A tubular reactor containing molecular sieve catalyst is provided with a multipoint thermocouple in at least one tube, and optionally with a bottom design adapted for fast unloading of the molecular sieve catalyst from the tubular reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John S. Godsmark, Raphael F. Caers, Jihad M. Dakka, Hans K. T. Goris, Marc P. H. Puttemans, Stephen H. Brown, Georges M. K. Mathys, Paul Hamilton
  • Publication number: 20140134066
    Abstract: In the production of phthalic anhydride by the oxidation of ortho-xylene with air, the ortho-xylene loading is increased without increasing the likelihood of explosion by insulating the system to avoid cold spots to keep the ortho-xylene at a temperature above its dew point; in addition the system may be electrically interconnected and grounded to reduce the risk of spark initiated explosions or deflagrations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2014
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Inventors: Nicolaas A. de Munck, Aad G. Oskam, Evert C. Klein
  • Patent number: 8721981
    Abstract: A heat exchanging system is provided. The heat exchanging system includes multiple plates wound spirally around a reaction chamber. The multiple plates also form multiple channels that operate as a counter flow recuperator terminating within the reaction chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Sebastian Walter Freund, Gabriel Rojas Kopeinig
  • Patent number: 8721982
    Abstract: A reaction device having improved temperature control precision and reduced usage of heat transfer medium. The device includes a heat transfer medium circulation tube in contact with an outer wall of a reaction vessel containing a reaction liquid. The device has an inlet for the liquid heat transfer medium at the lower end portion of the heat transfer medium circulation tube, and an outlet for the heat transfer medium. Gaps between the heat transfer medium circulation tube and the reaction vessel outer wall include a filler in which a liquid can flow inside the filler. The outlet is formed so that the liquid heat transfer medium is discharged toward the filler. A member presses the heat transfer medium circulation tube against the outer wall of the reaction vessel. An outer vessel hermetically covers the outer circumference of the reaction vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation
    Inventors: Shigemasa Yamazumi, Masahiro Yonekura, Hidetoshi Oota
  • Patent number: 8715582
    Abstract: An apparatus for providing activated carbon that has a reactor vessel for containing carbon based feedstock and a processor that encloses the reactor vessel. An insulating barrier is disposed between the reactor vessel and the processor for defining generally vertical outer and inner pathways that are communicably interconnected. The reactor vessel has a gas receiving intake port in communication with the inner pathway. First and second inlet conduits are formed through the processor and into the reactor for respectively introducing a first ignition gas into the reactor to ignite the feedstock and a second gas into the first pathway. The second gas circulates through the outer and inner pathways and enters the reactor vessel through the gas receiving intake port. The exhaust gas is circulated through a catalyst chamber/cartridge/bed. At least one exhaust port discharges gas from the vessel exteriorly of the processor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Inventors: Earl R. Decker, Walter David Hemenway, Douglas MacPherson, Carl B. Melanson
  • Patent number: 8673231
    Abstract: The present invention describes a vertical cylindrical exchanger-reactor for carrying out endothermic reactions, comprising a shell enclosing a plurality of tubes inside which the reactive fluid moves, said tubes being of the bayonet type, and the heat transfer fluid, in this case hot gases, being channeled inside chimneys surrounding said bayonet tubes. The bayonet tubes and the chimneys are suspended from the upper dome of the reactor. This reactor may operate with a pressure difference between the tube side and the shell of up to 100 bars. The hot gases are admitted into the reactor at temperatures of up to 1300° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Fabrice Giroudiere, Willi Nastoll, Beatrice Fischer, Didier Pavone, Herve Lavieu, Daniel Gonnet, Jean-Noel Leroux
  • Publication number: 20140048744
    Abstract: A system includes a gasification vessel configured to receive a fuel and an oxidizer. The system also includes a gasifier disposed in the gasification vessel. The gasifier is configured to partially oxidize the fuel and the oxidizer to generate a syngas. The system further includes a convective syngas cooler configured to cool the syngas via heat exchange with a coolant. The convective syngas cooler is disposed in an interior of the gasification vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2012
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Aaron John Avagliano, James Michael Storey
  • Patent number: 8641979
    Abstract: Disclosed is a reaction device including: a reactor to cause a reaction of a reactant; a first container to house the reactor; and a second container to house the first container, wherein a gas is injected to a space between the reactor and the first container and the first container is sealed, and an atmospheric pressure in a space between the first container and the second container is lower than a normal atmospheric pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Casio Computer Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Motoki Endo, Tsutomu Terazaki, Tetsushi Ishikawa, Osamu Nakamura, Masaharu Shioya
  • Patent number: 8603407
    Abstract: A novel catalytic reactor is provided for controlling the contact of a limiting reactant with a catalyst surface. A first flow vessel defines an interior surface and an exterior surface, and the interior surface has a catalyst deposited on at least a portion thereof. A second flow vessel is positioned within the first flow vessel and the second flow vessel defines a porous surface designed to deliver a fluid uniformly to at least a portion of the interior surface of the first flow vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Precision Combustion, Inc.
    Inventors: William C. Pfefferle, Shahrokh Etemad
  • Publication number: 20130289282
    Abstract: A thin film tube reactor comprising a tube having a longitudinal axis, an inner cylindrical surface, a closed end and an open end, wherein the tube is rotatable about the longitudinal axis and wherein the angle of the longitudinal axis relative to the horizontal is variable between about 0 degrees and about 90 degrees.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2011
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Applicant: THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA
    Inventor: Colin L. Raston
  • Patent number: 8557191
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a nanocarbon producing apparatus includes a heating vessel which provides a reducing atmosphere therein, a heating source disposed on an outer circumference of the heating vessel, a hydrocarbon injection nozzle disposed on an upstream side of the heating vessel for spraying hydrocarbon into the heating vessel, and a nanocarbon product discharge nozzle disposed on a downstream side of the heating vessel, wherein a metallic substrate is disposed on an inside surface of the heating vessel and the hydrocarbon is continuously sprayed from the hydrocarbon injection nozzle, effecting a reaction to grow nanocarbon on the metallic substrate, and the grown nanocarbon product is peeled off from the metallic substrate and discharged through the discharge nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Eiichi Sugiyama, Katsuki Ide, Kazutaka Kojo, Tsuyoshi Noma
  • Publication number: 20130247628
    Abstract: Disclosed are an apparatus and method for treating organic waste to reduce treatment costs and period, enable environmentally friendly treatment without causing bad smell or waste water, and thereby prepare an organic combust with a high quality and a liquid fertilizer with a high concentration. The apparatus includes a sealable reaction vessel including an inlet through which an organic waste and a reactive additive are injected, an outlet through which a treated substance is discharged as reactive gas, a stirrer to stir contents of the reaction vessel, and a liquid fertilizer producer to condense the reactive gas discharged from the gas outlet with a cooling solution and thereby produce a liquid fertilizer, while gradually increasing the concentration of fertilizer components of the cooling solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2011
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Inventor: Daniel RIVERO SERRANO
  • Publication number: 20130236372
    Abstract: Described herein are embodiments of systems and methods for oxidizing gases. In some embodiments, a reaction chamber is configured to receive a fuel gas and maintain the gas at a temperature within the reaction chamber that is above an autoignition temperature of the gas. The reaction chamber may also be configured to maintain a reaction temperature within the reaction chamber below a flameout temperature. In some embodiments, heat and product gases from the oxidation process can be used, for example, to drive a turbine, reciprocating engine, and injected back into the reaction chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Applicant: FLEXENERGY, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas Renau Denison, Boris A. Maslov
  • Patent number: 8529844
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing trichlorosilane includes: a decomposing furnace, a heating unit heating the inside of the decomposing furnace, a raw material supplying tube for guiding polymer and hydrogen chloride to be guided to the inner bottom portion of the decomposing furnace, and a gas discharge tube for discharging reaction gas from the top of the reaction chamber provided between the outer peripheral surface of the raw material supplying tube and the inner peripheral surface of the decomposing furnace, a fin, which guides a fluid mixture of the polymer and the hydrogen chloride supplied from the lower end opening of the raw material supplying tube to be agitated and rise upward in the reaction chamber, and is formed integrally with at least one of the outer peripheral surface of the raw material supplying tube and the inner peripheral surface of the decomposing furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Toshiyuki Ishii, Eiji Komai, Harumi Satoh
  • Patent number: 8524156
    Abstract: A tube bundle reactor carries out endothermic or exothermic gas phase reactions. The tube bundle of reactor tubes are filled with catalyst, and have their ends fastened tightly in tube sheets (3, 4). A fluid heat carrier (10) flows around the tubes during operation. A shell (5) encloses the tube bundle. A gas inlet head (6) spans one of the tube sheets, and a gas outlet head (7) spans the other tube sheet. The reactor tubes are in fluid communication with the gas inlet and outlet heads (6, 7), and further include at least one stage thermometer (9) installed in a thermometer tube (2) disposed in the tube bundle. The at least one stage thermometer (9) is axially movable inside the thermometer tube (2), and the tube bundle reactor (1) includes a mechanical positioning means (8) to effect the axial movement of the stage thermometer (9). Moreover, a method is proposed for measuring a temperature profile in tube bundle reactors of the kind specified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Man DWE GmbH
    Inventors: Rolf Bank, Dieter Verbeek, Alfons Berndl
  • Publication number: 20130214200
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods of forming a battery-active material are described. An apparatus includes a first processing section that raises the temperature of a precursor material to a reaction threshold temperature, a second processing section that converts the precursor material to a battery-active material, and a third processing section that cools the resulting battery-active material. Each of the processing sections may be a continuous flow tubular component. The first and third processing sections may be metal, and the second processing section may be a refractory material for high temperature service. The battery-active material is collected using a solids collector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2012
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Lu Yang, Josef T. Hoog, Miaojun Wang, Dongli Zeng, Robert Z. Bachrach, Hooman Bolandi, Sergey D. Lopatin
  • Patent number: 8486340
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an apparatus for continuously producing and pelletizing gas hydrates. The apparatus includes a gas supply unit, a water supply unit and a reactor. Gas and water are respectively supplied from the gas supply unit and the water supply unit into the reactor. The gas and water react with each other in the reactor. The reactor includes a dual cylinder unit which forms a gas hydrate in such a way as to squeeze a slurry of reaction water formed by the reaction between the gas and water. The dual cylinder unit includes an upper cylinder, a lower cylinder and a connection pipe which connects the upper cylinder to the lower cylinder. The connection pipe has passing holes through which the reaction water in the reactor flows into and out of the connection pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignees: Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Samsung Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., Hyundai Engineering Co., Ltd., Daewoo Engineering & Construction Co., Ltd., Sungilturbine Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ju Dong Lee, Hyoung Jae Kim, Sung Ryul Kim, Sang Yeon Hong, Hye Ok Park, Mun Keun Ha, Seok Ku Jeon, Hoon Ahn, Ta Kwan Woo
  • Patent number: 8475726
    Abstract: A reactor (6) for pyrolysing waste, in particular rubber tires, said reactor comprising a pyrolysis space (68), an inlet port (63) and an outlet port (64) enabling a flow across the pyrolysis space (68) of a heating medium for transferring heat required for the pyrolysis, and a lower discharge port (62) for discharging solid residues of the pyrolysis. The invention is, characterized in that—it comprises a baffle means (65) made of a plate material and enabling a gravitational slipping of the solid residues towards the discharge port (62), which baffle means (65) has openings (66) allowing the flow of the heating medium and is arranged to divide the inner space of the reactor (6) to form an upper pyrolysis space (68) and a lower space and—one of the inlet and outlet ports (63, 64) is in connection with the pyrolysis space (68) and the other one with the lower space. The invention is also an apparatus comprising the above reactor (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Pirolisis Project Kft.
    Inventors: András Bence Balint, Péter Varga, László Nagy, Sándor Demeter, Iván Pál Fodor
  • Publication number: 20130078155
    Abstract: A micro-fluidic device is described. The micro-fluidic device includes a semiconductor substrate; at least one micro-reactor in the semiconductor substrate; one or more micro-fluidic channels in the semiconductor substrate, connected to the at least one micro-reactor; a cover layer bonded to the semiconductor substrate for sealing the one or more micro-fluidic channels; and at least one through-substrate trench surrounding the at least one micro-reactor and the one or more micro-fluidic channels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2012
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Applicants: IMEC, PANASONIC, KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN, K.U. LEUVEN R&D
    Inventors: IMEC, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, K.U Leuven R&D, Panasonic
  • Patent number: 8388902
    Abstract: A method for regenerating activated coke used for treating wastewater or sewage is provided. The method includes loading the activated coke to an environment under 150 to 250° C., heating the activated coke to a temperature of 700 to 850° C. for about 40 to 90 minutes; and providing a steam to the activated coke with a rate of 0.1 to 0.5 m3/(ton of activated coke). When the activated coke is being heated at the temperature, it generates a gas mixture including a steam portion and at least a paraffine gas. The gas mixture flows along a reverse direction relative to a flow of cooling water, so that the steam portion is converted into a part of the cooling water for recycling. The paraffine gas is used as a fuel. An apparatus for regenerating the activated coke used for treating wastewater or sewage is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignees: Dawei Zhang, Mississippi International Water, Inc.
    Inventor: Dawei Zhang
  • Publication number: 20130039818
    Abstract: For an in-line gasifier having a liquid cooled cooling jacket it is proposed to lead the inlet connectors and the outlet connectors for the cooling liquid through the side of the cylindrical pressure vessel, below the mounting flange for the vessel cover. This achieves a simplification in the mounting of the pressure vessel cover. Particular embodiments concern the bringing together of the upper ends and of the lower ends of several pipe runs coiled in parallel, in each case into a collector pipe which has a connector bush for cooling water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventors: Dietmar Degenkolb, Frank Hannemann, Horst Hoppe, Tino Just
  • Patent number: 8367880
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an apparatus and method for continuously producing and dehydrating gas hydrates. The apparatus includes a gas source, a water source, a reactor, a spinning wheel, and a centrifugal separator. The gas source and the water source are connected to the reactor. Gas and water are respectively supplied from the gas source and the water source into the reactor and react with each other in the reactor to form gas hydrate slurry. The spinning wheel and the centrifugal separator are provided in the reactor. The spinning wheel supplies the formed gas hydrate slurry to the centrifugal separator. The centrifugal separator dehydrates the gas hydrate slurry. Water removed from the gas hydrate slurry by the dehydration of the centrifugal separator is re-supplied into the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignees: Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Samsung Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., Hyundai Engineering Co., Ltd., Daewood Engineering & Construction Co., Ltd., Sungilturbine Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ju Dong Lee, Jin Woo Lee, Kyung Chan Kang, Kyeong Nam Park, Mun Keun Ha, Seok Ku Jeon, Hoon Ahn, Ta Kwan Woo
  • Patent number: 8354084
    Abstract: Piping for use as a pyrolysis tube in a cracking furnace, wherein the tube is formed such that it has at least one section whose centerline curves in three dimensions, to induce swirl flow in the tube. The tube can be formed as a helix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2013
    Assignee: Technip France S.A.S.
    Inventor: William Tallis
  • Publication number: 20130008828
    Abstract: A reactor is provided for the preparation of modified bitumen, which reactor comprises a horizontal housing comprising a cylindrical wall and two side walls, wherein a bitumen inlet has been provided at or near one of the side walls of the housing and a bitumen product outlet has been provided at or near the opposite side wall of the housing, wherein a plurality of inlets for the provision of oxygen-containing gas has been provided in the cylindrical wall of the housing between the bitumen inlet and the bitumen product outlet, which multi-purpose reactor is further provided with a mixer arranged inside the housing comprising at least one rotor rotating within at least one stator having a plurality of openings. Also there is provided a process for the preparation of modified bitumen, which comprises contacting bitumen at elevated temperature and pressure with a modifier in a reactor as herein described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2010
    Publication date: January 10, 2013
    Inventors: Roberto Bran, Cheluva Kumar, Sachin Raj, Daryl Scott
  • Patent number: 8313706
    Abstract: Provided are a gasket, a reactor using the same for sealing a spiral, and a manufacturing method thereof. Spirials are continuously installed in the longitudinal direction between an inner pipe and an outer pipe coaxially arranged to form a flow path for a heat medium, so the seal between the spiral and the outer pipe is stably maintained and fabrication of the reactor is facilitated. The gasket is inserted in and coupled with the spiral, and thus does not need additional processing for combining the gasket. The gasket and spiral are coupled by lodging the spiral into a channel of the gasket. Furthermore, since the gasket is evenly coupled in the outer circumference of the spiral, in which a cushion plate made of resilient material is installed, breakage of the gasket during assembly of the outer pipe is effectively prevented and the post-assembly seal between the spiral and the outer pipe is stabilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Inventor: Gyu Hyun Seo
  • Publication number: 20120282688
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to equipment utilized to manufacture chemical agents, particularly biopharmaceuticals. In some embodiments, reactor systems comprising a mobile carriage assembly; a disposable reaction container removably attached to the carriage assembly; and, a carriage holder into which the mobile carriage assembly may be removably inserted are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2012
    Publication date: November 8, 2012
    Applicant: ABEC, Inc.
    Inventors: Cameron Knight, Todd Jones, Brady Cole, Paul Kubera, Cindy L. Donovan
  • Patent number: 8298497
    Abstract: A delivery apparatus for selectively delivering one or more liquid reagents into a reaction or test chamber (2), especially of an assay apparatus, the apparatus comprising: one or more respective storage chambers (5,6) for containing the one or more liquid reagents and arranged generally above the reaction or test chamber (2); and a plunger element (4) arranged and operable for insertion into the mouth of a selected storage chamber so as to displace a selected reagent from therewithin into the reaction or test chamber (2) generally therebelow by gravitational liquid overflow from the mouth of the chamber. The apparatus may conveniently be provided as a discrete delivery unit, with the storage chambers (5,6) prefilled with the selected reagents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: The Secretary of State for Defence
    Inventor: David James Squirrell
  • Patent number: 8298493
    Abstract: The heat exchange apparatus provides a flow passage for the heat exchange fluid comprising a succession of flow passage chamber portions separated from one another by intervening throttle forming passage portions of smaller cross section, and therefore of smaller flow capacity, transverse to the flow direction, so that the heat exchange fluid moves at a higher velocity in the throttle forming portions than in the chamber portions. The fluid is moved at a rate such that its velocity in the throttle forming portions is high enough to reduce the thickness of the fluid boundary layer on the passage wall and thereby facilitate the heat exchange. Alternatively, or in addition, the velocity is high enough to at least reduce the rate of fouling of the passage wall surface. Alternatively, or in addition, the fluid flows as eddy vortices, the spacing of the chamber portions along the passage being such that wake interference flow is established which enhances the rate of heat exchange.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Inventor: Richard A. Holl
  • Patent number: 8287815
    Abstract: A method and system for preheating a vessel that includes an area of excess heat and a flow of purge fluid that is channeled to an area to be purged wherein the purge fluid is deficient of heat are provided. The system includes a cooling tube assembly positioned between the area of excess heat and the area to be purged and a first heat exchanger coupled in flow communication to the cooling tube assembly, the first heat exchanger configured to transfer heat between a flow of cooling fluid through the cooling tube assembly and the flow of purge fluid wherein the flow of cooling fluid through the cooling tube assembly is maintained sub-cooled and the flow of purge fluid is heated to facilitate reducing a thermal stress in the area purged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Steven Craig Russell, James Michael Storey, Robert Henri Gauthier