Including Heat Exchanger For Reaction Chamber Or Reactants Located Therein Patents (Class 422/198)
  • Patent number: 10151537
    Abstract: A heat exchanger unit includes tube units arranged within a duct unit for heat exchange with combustion gas supplied from a furnace of a thermal power plant, and heat exchanger fins longitudinally formed on outer peripheral surfaces of the tube units and having different thickness and sizes while heat exchange with the combustion gas is performed through the heat exchanger fin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: Doosan Heavy Industries Construction Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Jae Dal Lee, Woo Chul Kwon, Jin Woon Lee
  • Patent number: 10144888
    Abstract: A process for the gasification of wet biomass. The process comprises heating wet biomass at a pressure in the range of from 22.1 MPa to 35 MPa. The wet biomass is heated from a temperature of at most T1 to a temperature of at least T2 by heat exchange with a first heating fluid. The gasification product is further heated. The further heated gasification product is used as the first heating fluid, upon which the further heated gasification product is cooled down from a temperature of at least T3 to a temperature of at most T4. The temperatures T1, T2, T3 and T4 can be calculated by using certain mathematical formulae. Also claimed: a reaction apparatus for the gasification of wet biomass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: GENSOS HOLDING B.V.
    Inventors: John Harinck, Klaas Gerrit Smit
  • Patent number: 10099199
    Abstract: An apparatus for removing formaldehyde from a blend of partially oxygenated hydrocarbons includes a reactor for reacting a hydrocarbon-containing gas with an oxygen-containing gas in a reactor vessel to form first product blend. The first product blend includes a blend of partially oxygenated compounds that include formaldehyde. The apparatus also includes a reactive scrubbing station in fluid communication with the reactor where the blend of partially oxygenated compounds that include formaldehyde is contacted with a reactive scrubbing liquid at the reactive scrubbing station to form a reactive liquid-formaldehyde compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: GAS TECHNOLOGIES LLC
    Inventors: Krishna K. Rao, Evan Michael Visser, Ian Lawrence Gaffney, Walter Breidenstein
  • Patent number: 10086350
    Abstract: Disclosed is a hydrocarbon conversion process in which an alkane component is catalytically converted in the presence of an oxygen or oxidizing component (i.e., oxidant). The hydrocarbon conversion process can be an oxidative coupling reaction, which refers to the catalytic conversion of alkane in the presence of oxidant to produce an olefin product, i.e., a composition containing C2+ olefin. Reverse-flow reactors can be used to carry out the oxidative coupling reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: Paul F. Keusenkothen
  • Patent number: 10081543
    Abstract: A combined reformer and purifier for converting a hydrogen-rich feedstock into purified hydrogen is described. The combined reformer and purifier can include at least one compression plate as an assembly comprising at least one first cavity comprising a catalyst effective to liberate hydrogen from said hydrogen-rich feedstock and forming a hydrogen-rich mixed gas. The compression plate assembly can also include at least one second cavity enclosing a burner or oxidative catalytic reactor to oxidize said hydrogen-depleted raffinate or said hydrogen-rich feedstock to supply heat to the at least one first cavity containing said catalyst. The compression plate assembly can also include an interior surface proximal to said membrane and an exterior surface distal to said membrane. The compression plate assembly can also include a third cavity effective to preheat said hydrogen-rich feedstock prior to being delivered to said catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: HORIZON FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PTE. LTD.
    Inventor: Peter David DeVries
  • Patent number: 10074861
    Abstract: Fuel cell systems, e.g. systems including proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells, are engineered to have more than one internal electrical resistance that can change according to temperature. Such changes in internal electrical resistance levels allow rapid heat-up of the fuel cells from low temperatures to an elevated temperature that is optimal for water management and fuel cell operation. The fuel cell systems can include at least one fuel cell and at least one resistor-switch unit electrically connected to the at least one fuel cell. The at least one resistor-switch unit includes a resistor and a switch in which the switch is electrically connected in parallel with the resistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: EC Power, LLC
    Inventor: Chao-Yang Wang
  • Patent number: 10059632
    Abstract: A humic acid composition includes fulvic acid, ulmic acid and black humic acid. Fulvic acid is in an amount ranging from 64% to 98 wt % based on a sum weight of fulvic acid, ulmic acid and black humic acid. The content of phenol hydroxyl groups is in a range from 0.76 mmol/g to 2.42 mmol/g in the humic acid composition. The humic acid composition contains a high content of fulvic acid with small molecular weight and a high content of active functional groups, and a high content of phenolic hydroxyl in the active groups. The humic acid composition can provide microbial organic source for soil directly, and improve the nutrient of crops and the soil environment in rhizosphere to promote the breeding of microorganism and delay the attenuation rate of soil microbes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: SHANDONG TRALIN PAPER CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hongfa Li, Mingxin Song, Liangjin Guo, Yanjin Bi
  • Patent number: 10035121
    Abstract: A thermal swing reactor including a multi-flight auger and methods for solar thermochemical reactions are disclosed. The reactor includes a multi-flight auger having different helix portions having different pitch. Embodiments of reactors include at least two distinct reactor portions between which there is at least a pressure differential. In embodiments, reactive particles are exchanged between portions during a reaction cycle to thermally reduce the particles at first conditions and oxidize the particles at second conditions to produce chemical work from heat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: National Technology & Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC
    Inventor: Ivan Ermanoski
  • Patent number: 10029245
    Abstract: One or more embodiments of the present disclosure include methods of improving the activity of an at least partially non-active Fischer-Tropsch (“FT”) catalyst in a tubular FT reactor, which includes heating a heat transfer fluid (“HTF”) to a vapor state, using the heated HTF in the vapor state to achieve and maintain the at least partially non-active FT catalyst at a predetermined stage temperature; and exposing the at least partially non-active FT catalyst to at least one stage FT catalyst activity-related gas for a stage duration of time to increase the activity of the FT catalyst to a desired level. Other methods, systems and apparatuses are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: SGCE LLC
    Inventors: Gary Stephen Futral, Govindarajan Raman
  • Patent number: 9994777
    Abstract: A system including a mixing apparatus configured to produce a reformer feedstock and comprising one or more cylindrical vessel having a conical bottom section, an inlet for superheated steam within the conical bottom section and an inlet for at least one carbonaceous material at or near the top of the cylindrical vessel, wherein the one or more cylindrical vessel is a pressure vessel configured for operation at a pressure in the range of from about 5 psig (34.5 kPa) to about 50 psig (344.7 kPa); a reformer configured to produce, from the reformer feedstock, a reformer product comprising synthesis gas, and also producing a hot flue gas; a synthesis gas conversion apparatus configured to catalytically convert at least a portion of the synthesis gas in the reformer product into synthesis gas conversion product, and to separate, from the synthesis gas conversion product, a spent catalyst stream and a tailgas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: RES USA, LLC
    Inventors: Randy Blevins, Joshua B. Pearson, Harold A. Wright
  • Patent number: 9989315
    Abstract: A cold storage heat exchanger has refrigerant pipes fins, and cold-storage-medium containers. The cold-storage-medium container is arranged next to the refrigerant pipe. A cold storage medium is accommodated in the cold-storage-medium container in order to leave an air cell, and to provide a filling ratio of less than 90%. The cold-storage-medium container has a plurality of depressions at an inside of the cold-storage-medium container. The depression is a dimple. The plurality of depressions are joined each other at top parts and provide high rigidity. The cold-storage-medium container is positioned on the refrigerant pipe by an engaging projection. An open end of an open depression is covered by the refrigerant pipe. The cold storage medium can flow into the open depression. Therefore, the cold storage medium may directly contact the refrigerant pipe, and is directly cooled with the refrigerant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yuusuke Kitoh, Toshiya Nagasawa, Eiichi Torigoe, Aun Ota, Jun Abei, Daisuke Haseba
  • Patent number: 9944515
    Abstract: A manufacturing method of a semiconductor device, in which a vacuum-pressure airtight chamber is defined by a space between a first substrate and a recessed portion of a second substrate, includes preparing the first substrate and the second substrate both of which contain silicon, joining the two substrates together, performing a heat treatment to emit hydrogen gas from the airtight chamber, and generating OH groups on the substrates before the joining. In the joining of the substrates together, the OH groups are bonded together to generate covalent bonds, and in the heat treatment, a part on which the OH groups are generated is heated at a temperature rise rate of 1° C./sec or smaller until a temperature of the substrate increases to 700° C. or higher, and a heating temperature and heating time are adjusted to emit hydrogen gas from the airtight chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yutaka Hayakawa, Hisanori Yokura
  • Patent number: 9941536
    Abstract: A fuel cell module is made up of a fuel cell stack and fuel cell peripheral equipment. The fuel cell module includes a first area where an exhaust gas combustor and a start-up combustor are provided, an annular second area around the first area and where a reformer and an evaporator are provided, and an annular third area around the second area and where a heat exchanger is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yuki Yoshimine
  • Patent number: 9932934
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a reactor for the decomposition of ammonium dinitramide-based liquid monopropellants into hot, combustible gases for combustion in a combustion chamber, and a rocket engine or thruster comprising such reactor, wherein the reactor comprises a heat bed exhibiting catalytic activity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: ECAPS AB
    Inventors: Kjell Anflo, Peter Thormählen
  • Patent number: 9850259
    Abstract: An apparatus for purifying an organic compound and a method of purifying an organic compound, the apparatus including an inner tube that receives a purification target material therein; a heater that heats the purification target material received in the inner tube; an evacuator that evacuates the inner tube into a vacuum; and a driving device that drives the inner tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: CHEIL INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Inventors: Sang June Choi, Hyeong Guk Yoo, Hee Jun Jeong, Myeong Soon Kang, Hae Sang Yoon
  • Patent number: 9839898
    Abstract: Disclosed is a fuel processor. The fuel processor includes: a steam reformer unit configured to be disposed at an upper portion in a casing; a heat exchanger unit configured to be disposed at a lower portion of the steam reformer unit; a high temperature shift reforming unit configured to be disposed at a lower portion of the heat exchanger unit; a low temperature shift reforming unit configured to be disposed while enclosing an outer portion of the high temperature shift reforming unit; and a heat exchange chamber configured to be disposed at a lower portion of the high temperature shift reforming unit and exchange heat between reformed gas and a heat exchange fluid supplied through a channel part formed to drain the reformed gas and combustion gas and supply the heat exchange fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2017
    Assignees: Korea Gas Corporation, CHP Tech
    Inventors: Dal Ryung Park, Bong Gyu Kim, Jae Dong Kim, Jin Wook Kim, Keun Yong Cho, Chul Hee Jeon, Min Ho Bae, Chan Sik Park
  • Patent number: 9827341
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for sterilizing at least one object, wherein the object is exposed to a sterilization agent, wherein at least one first support pressure and at least one second support pressure are applied and wherein a sterilization of a first region of the object takes place by the sterilization agent at the first support pressure and a sterilization of a second region of the object takes place at the second support pressure. The present invention furthermore relates to a sterilizing apparatus and to a use herefor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: FRESENIUS MEDICAL CARE DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
    Inventors: Thorsten Fehr, Claus Haupert, Franz Kugelmann, Nicole Simon
  • Patent number: 9815042
    Abstract: Reactors and methods for solar thermochemical reactions are disclosed. The reactors and methods include a cascade of reduction chambers at successively lower pressures that leads to over an order of magnitude pressure decrease compared to a single-chambered design. The resulting efficiency gains are substantial, and represent an important step toward practical and efficient solar fuel production on a large scale.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: National Technology & Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC
    Inventor: Ivan Ermanoski
  • Patent number: 9816706
    Abstract: A raw fuel inlet pipe, an air inlet pipe, and a combustion gas exhaust pipe are provided for a casing of a start-up combustor. A raw fuel supply chamber connected to the raw fuel inlet pipe and an air supply chamber connected to the air inlet pipe form double layer structure. A chamber having a partition wall is provided for the raw fuel supply chamber, and a slit connected to the air supply chamber is formed in the partition wall. A plurality of raw fuel through holes are formed on a side surface of the partition wall with which the slit is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hideaki Takada, Tetsuya Ogawa, Teruyuki Ushijima, Yukihiko Kiyohiro
  • Patent number: 9797636
    Abstract: A plate apparatus suitable for heat and/or material exchange has plates (P0, P1, P2, P3) contacting each other flush along a peripheral seal (1) while forming respective intermediate spaces (Z0, Z1, Z2, Z3) and having upper (2, 3) and lower (4, 5) through-flow openings for fluids. A group of these upper and lower through-flow openings (2, 5) is allocated to at least two fluids and is connected by correspondingly placed seals to every second plate intermediate space (Z1, Z3) carrying a flow from top to bottom. In flush upper through-flow openings (2) of plates (P0, P1, P2, P3) a distribution lance (6) runs across these openings and has outlet openings (6a) for at least one of the fluids. It is essential that the outlet openings (6a) are directed into those plate intermediate spaces (Z0, Z2) arranged between the second plate intermediate spaces (Z1, Z3) for the fluids to be mixed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: API Schmidt-Bretten GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Volker Wagner, Nina Merkel, Karlheinz Schaber
  • Patent number: 9790594
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to methods and apparatus for the controlled growing of material on substrates. According to embodiments of the present invention, a precursor feed is controlled in order to provide an optimal pulse profile. This may be accomplished by splitting the feed into two paths. One of the paths is restricted in a continuous manner. The other path is restricted in a periodic manner. The output of the two paths converges at a point prior to entry of the reactor. Therefore, a single precursor source is able to fed precursor in to a reactor under two different conditions, one which can be seen as mimicking ALD conditions and one which can be seen as mimicking CVD conditions. This allows for an otherwise single mode reactor to be operated in a plurality of modes including one or more ALD/CVD combination modes. Additionally, the pulse profile of each pulse can be modified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: ASM IP Holding B.V.
    Inventors: Hannu Huotari, Tom E. Blomberg
  • Patent number: 9738835
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for performing a Fischer Tropsch reaction in a reactor comprising at least two reactor tubes, a coolant chamber, and a gas distribution system below the coolant chamber, whereby at least two reactor tubes extend through the coolant chamber and one or more highly porous catalysts, said catalyst(s) having a size of at least 1 mm and comprising a porous body and a catalyst material, whereby the porous body has a porosity within the range of between 50 and 98 volume %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventor: Franciscus Johannes Maria Schrauwen
  • Patent number: 9663366
    Abstract: A reaction vessel for oxidation of ammonia to nitrogen monoxide in the presence of a catalyst is provided. The catalyst can become dislodged during the oxidation. The reaction vessel includes a reactor body having a top portion, a bottom portion, and a middle portion. The top and middle portions cooperate to define a cavity where the ammonia is catalytically oxidized to provide the nitrogen monoxide. The reaction vessel also includes an internal filter element. The internal filter element includes a filter cage that defines an interior volume and a filter medium disposed adjacent to the filter cage. The internal filter element collects the catalyst dislodged during the oxidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventor: Robert A. Fox
  • Patent number: 9649615
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a reactor and to a process for synthesis of hydrogen sulphide from elemental sulphur and hydrogen at elevated pressure and elevated temperature. The invention further relates to the use of the reactor for preparation of hydrogen sulphide in high yield and with a low H2Sx content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: EVONIK DEGUSSA GmbH
    Inventors: Caspar-Heinrich Finkeldei, Chiu Kee Cheung, Ralf Maassen, Stefan Wenner, Martin Koerfer
  • Patent number: 9586190
    Abstract: A thermal swing reactor including a multi-flight auger and methods for solar thermochemical reactions are disclosed. The reactor includes a multi-flight auger having different helix portions having different pitch. Embodiments of reactors include at least two distinct reactor portions between which there is at least a pressure differential. In embodiments, reactive particles are exchanged between portions during a reaction cycle to thermally reduce the particles at first conditions and oxidize the particles at second conditions to produce chemical work from heat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: Sandia Corporation
    Inventor: Ivan Ermanoski
  • Patent number: 9567537
    Abstract: A process and apparatus is for recycling LCO and/or HCO to an FCC unit to recover additional distillate. Spent catalyst recycle in the FCC unit may be used to improve distillate yield. A hydroprocessing zone may saturate cycle oil aromatics for cracking in an FCC unit. The recycle cracked stream may be recycled to a downstream hydroprocessing zone to avoid a first hydroprocessing zone for hydrotreating feed to the FCC unit. Additional recovery of cycle oil for recycle is obtained by heating slurry oil prior to vacuum separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Jibreel A. Qafisheh
  • Patent number: 9564649
    Abstract: A fuel cell module includes a fuel cell stack and fuel cell peripheral equipment. The fuel cell module includes a first area where an exhaust gas combustor and a start-up combustor are provided, a second area where a reformer and an evaporator are provided, and a third area where a heat exchanger is provided. The fuel cell module further includes a condensed water recovery mechanism for recovering condensed water produced through condensation of water vapor contained in a combustion gas, by flowing the condensed water through the third area, the second area, and the first area in that order.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yuki Yoshimine
  • Patent number: 9556542
    Abstract: Provided is an apparatus for producing a carbon nanotube fiber. The apparatus includes: a vertical reactor having a reaction zone; an inlet through which a spinning solution is introduced into the bottom of the reaction zone of the reactor; an inlet through which a carrier gas is introduced into the bottom of the reaction zone of the reactor; heating means for heating the reaction zone; and a discharge unit disposed on the top of the reaction zone and through which a carbon nanotube fiber is discharged from the reactor. The spinning solution entering the reaction zone through the spinning solution inlet is carbonized and graphitized while ascending from the bottom of the reaction zone by the carrier gas entering through the carrier gas inlet, to form a carbon nanotube fiber consisting of continuous aggregates of carbon nanotubes. Further provided is a carbon nanotube fiber produced using the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Eugene Oh, Dongchul Lee, KwangWoo Yoon
  • Patent number: 9550143
    Abstract: A method for treating a hydrocarbon-rich gas mixture containing mercury and acid gases, said gas mixture being natural gas in particular, wherein the gas mixture is subject to an adsorptive mercury removal and a downstream acid-gas scrubbing. Before the gas mixture to be treated is fed to the adsorptive mercury removal, the gas mixture to be treated is heated at least to such an extent that the gas mixture does not fall below the water dew point in the adsorptive mercury removal and does not fall below the hydrocarbon dew point in the acid-gas scrubbing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Heinz Bauer
  • Patent number: 9540240
    Abstract: Soot formation in the partial oxidation of carbonaceous feed is controlled by controlling the momentum of the oxidant stream relative to the momentum of the carbonaceous feed stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Bradley Damstedt, Lawrence Bool, Michael Riley
  • Patent number: 9522867
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing (meth)acrylic acid, which achieves enhanced productivity or a reduced amount of a catalyst in production of (meth)acrylic acid from 3-hydroxycarboxylic acid, and enables stable production of (meth)acrylic acid at low cost. The method is a method for producing (meth)acrylic acid using 3-hydroxycarboxylic acid as a starting material, the method including a polymerization step of polymerizing 3-hydroxycarboxylic acid to generate a composition containing a 3-hydroxycarboxylic acid polymer, and a step of generating (meth)acrylic acid from the composition containing the 3-hydroxycarboxylic acid polymer, the 3-hydroxycarboxylic acid polymer obtained in the polymerization step including trimer or higher order units, the trimer or higher order units constituting 3% by mass or more of a total of 100% by mass of the 3-hydroxycarboxylic acid and the 3-hydroxycarboxylic acid polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Yoshida, Hisashi Kamei, Naomichi Haginiwa
  • Patent number: 9512004
    Abstract: A method for operating a steam reforming plant wherein a hydrocarbon-rich feed is reacted with steam to form synthesis gas. The plant includes a steam reforming reactor and processing units to obtain a hydrogen-rich fraction after separation of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. The plant also includes a pressure-swing adsorption plant to separate the hydrogen-rich fraction into product and residual gas. A recycle compressor is included and allows the plant to operate is two different modes. In the first mode, carbon dioxide separated from the synthesis gas is compressed and added to the hydrocarbon-rich feed. In the second mode, the recycle compressor is used to recycle residual gas from the pressure-swing adsorption plant to the hydrogen-rich fraction upstream of the pressure-swing adsorption plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Martin Lang, Alexander Hirsch, Josef Schwarzhuber
  • Patent number: 9515329
    Abstract: A fuel cell system including a fuel cell; a cathode air heat exchanger configured to perform heat exchange between a cathode exhaust gas and the air to be supplied to the cathode to transfer a part of heat energy of the cathode exhaust gas to the air; a desulfurization unit configured to remove a sulfur component from a raw material supplied to the desulfurization unit; and a reformer configured to generate a reformed gas which is the fuel from steam and the raw material from which the sulfur component has been removed by the desulfurization unit; and the cathode exhaust gas which has lost a part of the heat energy by the heat exchange in at least the cathode air heat exchanger, is supplied to the desulfurization unit, to heat the desulfurization unit by the heat energy of the cathode exhaust gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shigenori Onuma, Kunihiro Ukai, Takehiro Maruyama
  • Patent number: 9481838
    Abstract: A system includes a capture system, a storage system, and a return system. The capture system is configured to receive an outlet gas from a gasification system and to extract a component gas of the outlet gas using a regenerable material during a start-up operation of the gasification system. The storage system is coupled to the capture system and is configured to store the component gas extracted by the capture system. The return system is configured to return the component gas from the storage system to the gasification system during a normal operation of the gasification system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Judeth Brannon Corry, Raul Eduardo Ayala, Tiffany Elizabeth Pinard Westendorf
  • Patent number: 9468898
    Abstract: A reactor and a reaction method are provided with which temperature changes due to a large amount of reaction heat generated immediately after confluence of raw material fluids can be suppressed. A reactor (2) includes reaction passages (22) and temperature control passages (42). Each reaction passage (22) includes first and second supply passage parts (24, 26), a confluence part (30), and a reaction passage part (28) connected in this order from upstream to downstream. Each temperature control passage (42) includes: first temperature control passage parts (44) extending at least along a particular range of the corresponding reaction passage part (28); and a second temperature control passage part (46) connected thereto, which is fewer in number than the first temperature control passage parts (44). Each second temperature control passage part (46) has a cross section area larger than that of each first temperature control passage part (44).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Akira Matsuoka, Akitoshi Fujisawa, Koji Noishiki
  • Patent number: 9450793
    Abstract: A device for determining an encoded data sequence as a determined data sequence is provided. The encoded data sequence is encoded by an input signal frequency-modulated in accordance with a modulation rule. The encoded data sequence has a plurality of data elements. The device has a filter unit for filtering the frequency-modulated input signal in order to obtain a first frequency-filtered channel signal and a second frequency-filtered channel signal. Additionally, the device has an evaluation unit configured to associate, for each known data sequence of a quantity of known data sequences, two channel-specific signal-to-noise distance values to this known data sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Matthias Kuba, Matthias Klatt
  • Patent number: 9433913
    Abstract: A novel catalytic reactor is provided for controlling the contact of a limiting reactant with a catalyst surface. A first flow vessel defines an interior surface and an exterior surface, and the interior surface has a catalyst deposited on at least a portion thereof. A second flow vessel is positioned within the first flow vessel and the second flow vessel defines a porous surface designed to deliver a fluid uniformly to at least a portion of the interior surface of the first flow vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: PRECISION COMBUSTION, INC.
    Inventors: William C Pfefferle, Shahrokh Etemad
  • Patent number: 9421513
    Abstract: A catalyst-coated support including a sheetlike support, a primer layer applied thereto and composed of nanoparticles composed of silicon oxide-comprising material, and at least one catalyst layer applied to the primer layer. The layers applied are notable for a particularly good adhesive bond strength and can be used particularly efficiently in heterogeneously catalyzed gas phase reactions, especially in microreactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignee: THYSSENKRUPP UHDE GMBH
    Inventors: Steffen Schirrmeister, Martin Schmitz-Niederau, Ingo Klüppel, Christoph Filthaut
  • Patent number: 9403145
    Abstract: An apparatus for continuously manufacturing organometallic compounds is provided where the apparatus has a source of a first reactant stream wherein the first reactant comprises a metal; a source of a second reactant stream; a laminar flow contacting zone for cocurrently contacting the first reactant stream and the second reactant stream; a mixing zone comprising a turbulence-promoting device; and a heat transfer zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignees: Dow Global Technologies LLC, Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC
    Inventors: Ravindra S. Dixit, Hua Bai, Curtis D. Modtland, Robert A. Ware, John G. Pendergast, Jr., Christopher P. Christenson, Deodatta Vinayak Shenai-Khatkhate, Artashes Amamchyan, Kenneth M. Crouch, Robert F. Polcari
  • Patent number: 9404151
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a non-contact real time micro Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) system comprising; a chip having a reaction chamber for holding a sample and an embedded metal heater below the reaction chamber for heating the sample; an optical unit comprising an associated LED driver and a photo detector amplifier placed above the chip to detect fluorescence; an induction heater mounted around the chip and inductively coupled to the metal heater; an infrared temperature sensor mounted below the chip for measuring a temperature of the metal heater, wherein the infrared temperature sensor is interfaced with a signal conditioner; and a controller interfaced with the signal conditioner and the induction heater for regulating the power to the induction heater based on feedback received from the infrared temperature sensor through the signal conditioner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: BIGTEC PRIVATE LIMITED
    Inventors: Swetha Chandra, Sudip Mondal, Venkataraman Venkatakrishnan, Sathyadeep Viswanathan, Renjith Mahiladevi Radhakrishnan, Raviprakash Jayaraman, Chandrasekhar Bhaskaran Nair, Pillarisetti Venkata Subbarao
  • Patent number: 9331341
    Abstract: Platinum nanocatalysts on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) functionalized with citric acid (CA) are disclosed, along with methods for the synthesis thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: Arizona Board of Regents, acting for and on behalf of Arizona State University
    Inventors: Arunachala Kannan, Jiefeng Lin
  • Patent number: 9316590
    Abstract: The present invention provides a reaction vessel and apparatus for performing heat-exchanging reactions. The vessel has a chamber for holding a sample, the chamber being defined by a plurality of walls, at least two of the walls being light transmissive to provide optical windows to the chamber. The apparatus comprises at least one heating surface for contacting at least one of the plurality of walls, at least one heat source for heating the surface, and optics positioned to optically interrogate the chamber while the heating surface is in contact with at least one of the plurality of walls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: Cepheid
    Inventors: Ronald Chang, Douglas Dority
  • Patent number: 9249019
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing hydrocarbon-containing gaseous fuel comprises at least three stages. In the first stage water is entered for heating and water steam forming. In the second stage hydrocarbon component is entered and mixed with water steam by injecting The mixture is heated and directed to third and subsequent stages to additional heating for fuel producing. Turbo generator is made as two cylinder tubes, divided on isolated sections. The first section is made with induction heat source for system start-up, the second section is made with injector type mixer. The inner tube cavity forms the firing chamber. In technological cylinder multistage components and mixture heated and additional heating in subsequent sections are realized until forming of hydrogen-containing gaseous fuel. Burning system, worker burner, start-up burner are installed on the firing chamber inlet. Working torch forming element is installed on the firing chamber outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: Zakritoe akzionernoe obshestvo Nauchno-proektnoe prozvodstvenno-stroitelnoe obedinenie “GRANDSTROY”
    Inventors: Gamlet Gurgenovich Arakelyan, Artur Gamletovich Arakelyan, Grant Gamletovich Arakelyan
  • Patent number: 9162247
    Abstract: A coating treatment apparatus supplying a coating solution to a front surface of a rotated substrate and diffusing the supplied coating solution to an outer periphery side of the substrate to thereby apply the coating solution on the front surface of the substrate includes: a substrate holding part holding a substrate; a rotation part rotating the substrate held on the substrate holding part; a supply part supplying a coating solution to a front surface of the substrate held on the substrate holding part; and an airflow control plate provided at a predetermined position above the substrate held on the substrate holding part for locally changing an airflow above the substrate rotated by the rotation part at an arbitrary position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: Tokyo Electron Limited
    Inventors: Kousuke Yoshihara, Koji Takayanagi, Shinichi Hatakeyama, Kohei Kawakami
  • Patent number: 9118053
    Abstract: A fuel cell system according to the present invention comprises a hydrogen generator including a burner which is detachably accommodated in the hydrogen generator in a manner to allow the burner to be detached from and attached to the hydrogen generator through the top of the hydrogen generator, a stack configured to generate power by causing hydrogen generated by the hydrogen generator and an oxidizing gas to react with each other, and a main body package which includes at least a top plate and within which the hydrogen generator and the stack are disposed. Detachable piping, which is detachably configured, is provided above the hydrogen generator. Space that is formed above the burner when the detachable piping is removed from the main body package has a size larger than or equal to the size of the burner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Naohisa Tanabe, Akinori Yukimasa
  • Patent number: 9079124
    Abstract: [Problems to be Solved] Provided is a presaccharification treatment device, which can yield from lignocellulosic biomass as a substrate a presaccharification treatment product without heating and thereby at a reduced cost. [Solution] A presaccharification treatment device (1) comprises a treatment unit (2), which mixes lignocellulosic biomass and ammonia water and treats a yielded substrate mixture in a wet powder state for yielding a presaccharification treatment product, and an ammonia separation unit (3), which separates ammonia from the presaccharification treatment product. The treatment unit (2) comprises a treatment vessel (21) and a storage unit (25), in which a presaccharification treatment product is yielded during retention therein for a predetermined time period from the substrate mixture without heating. The ammonia separation unit (3) is installed direct below the storage unit (25).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tsuyoshi Baba, Junji Yasuda
  • Publication number: 20150147260
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for the thermochemical generation of hydrogen from water and/or the thermochemical generation of carbon monoxide from carbon dioxide comprising a solid solution of cerium dioxide and uranium dioxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hicham Idriss, Ibraheam Al-Shankiti, Yong Man Choi, Fasia Mohammed Al-Otaibi
  • Patent number: 9039986
    Abstract: A steam cooled chemical reactor (1) comprising a vertical vessel (2), a plate heat exchanger embedded in a catalytic bed, to cool the catalytic bed by evaporation of a cooling water flow, wherein a water inlet and a steam outlet are located underneath the heat exchanger, and the plates and related piping are arranged so that the path of the cooling flow comprises a first ascending path from bottom to top of the catalytic bed, and a second descending path from top to the bottom of catalytic bed, and wherein internal evaporation channels of the plates provide the second descending or the first ascending path, and water upcomers or respectively steam downcomers provide the other of said first and second path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Casale SA
    Inventors: Enrico Rizzi, Ermanno Filippi, Mirco Tarozzo
  • Publication number: 20150141538
    Abstract: A system for applying a melted polymer/hot melt adhesive includes structure for adding one or more components to the polymer/hot melt stream at selected locations of the stream depending on the desired final characteristics of the polymer/hot melt adhesive, the heat histories of the polymer/hot melt adhesive and the modifying component, and the physical or chemical characteristics of the modifying component. The modifying component can be supplied in a fluid carrier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Peter. S. Melendy, Dennis J. Fitzmeyer, Joseph D. Sordillo
  • Patent number: 9034273
    Abstract: A system includes a quench ring assembly, which includes a quench ring, a throat ring coupled to the quench ring, and a dip tube coupled to the quench ring. The quench ring assembly is self-retained as a unit. The system also includes a support assembly configured to support the quench ring assembly. The support assembly includes a removable mount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Karol Rzepniewski, Allyson Joy Jimenez-Huyke, Anna Renata Ziombra, Slawomir Jozef Golec