Utilizing Aqueous Reactant To Remove Or Modify Sulfur Or Sulfur Containing Component Patents (Class 423/243.01)
  • Patent number: 10005667
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for preparing potassium thiosulfate, potassium sulfite or potassium bisulfite comprising the following steps: Step (1a): providing a potassium hydroxide or potassium carbonate solution for neutralizing acid forming components such as dissolving SO2 or H2S; Step (1b): providing an SO2 contacting solution, containing at least some potassium sulfite or potassium bisulfite or potassium thiosulfate; Step (2): providing SO2 gas; Step (3): reacting these to absorb the SO2 gas and to form an intermediate reaction mixture comprising potassium sulfite, or potassium bisulfite or a mixture thereof, and optionally recovering the potassium sulfite, or potassium bisulfite or a mixture thereof, and/or optionally using steps 4 and 5; Step (4): adding sulfur or sulfide containing compound containing sulfur having the oxidation state of 0, ?2 or of between 0 and ?2 to the reaction mixture and optionally potassium hydroxide or potassium carbonate, and reacting the mixture under suitable cond
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: Tessenderlo Kerley, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Massoud Hojjatie, Constance Lynn Frank Lockhart, Alexandros Dimitriadis, Mark P. Clarkson, Harry Charles Kominski, Jeroen Van Cauwenbergh, Nicholas S. Shult, Adam T. Goldsmith
  • Patent number: 9669356
    Abstract: Provided is an air pollution control system including: a boiler, a denitration apparatus; an air heater; a precipitator; a desulfurization apparatus; a dehydrator; a concentration apparatus that is configured to remove some of water of dehydrated filtrate from the dehydrator; a spray drying apparatus provided with a spray unit that is configured to spray concentrated/dehydrated filtrate concentrated by the concentration apparatus; and a flue gas introduction line through which branch gas branched from the flue gas is introduced to the spray drying apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Toshihiro Fukuda, Seiji Kagawa, Yoshito Tanaka, Takuro Soeda
  • Patent number: 9327237
    Abstract: Methods for removing sulfur dioxide front a gas stream are disclosed. A method may include passing a gas stream comprising SO2 through a gas scrubbing apparatus. A scrubbing liquor comprising hydroxide ions and at least one oxidation catalyst may be flowed into the gas scrubbing apparatus, thereby contacting the gas stream with the scrubbing liquor. In response to the contacting, at least 90 wt. % of the sulfur dioxide may be removed from the gas stream. Concomitant to the contacting, at least some of the sulfur dioxide may react with at least some of the hydroxide ions, thereby forming sulfite ions in the scrubbing liquor. Some of the sulfite ions may be oxidized, via the oxidation catalyst, thereby forming sulfate ions in the scrubbing liquor. A used scrubbing liquor may be discharged from the scrubbing apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: ALCOA INC.
    Inventors: Rajat S. Ghosh, John R. Smith
  • Patent number: 9216376
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention relate to a system and method for efficient removal of sulfur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) contained in an exhaust gas generated from fuel combustion and efficient treatment of water containing microorganizms (e.g. ballast water).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: KEPPEL OFFSHORE & MARINE TECHNOLOGY CENTRE PTE LTD
    Inventors: Ming Liu, Nirmal Raman Gurunthalingam, Prapisala Thepsithar, Wen Sin Chong, Kok Seng Foo
  • Patent number: 9040005
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for removal of SO2 from exhaust gas from a marine engine or a marine boiler of a ship. The exhaust gas from said marine engine or marine boiler is cooled and washed with seawater in a first scrubber section, and subsequently, in a second scrubber section, washed with circulating freshwater with an addition of an alkaline chemical. The circulating freshwater used for washing is warmer than the seawater used for cooling in the first scrubber section. The warmer freshwater is indirectly heat exchanged with cold seawater. The exhaust gas washed in the first scrubber section is passed via a demister unit before it is washed with circulating freshwater in the second scrubber section. The invention further relates to a corresponding scrubber system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: ALFA LAVAL CORPORATE AB
    Inventor: Jens Peter Hansen
  • Patent number: 8968691
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a treatment method and a plant of an exhaust gas in which corrosion resistance of the exhaust gas treatment plant to a sulfuric acid mist after wet type desulfurization is increased. The treatment method of an exhaust gas in the present invention, wherein sulfur oxide is removed by wet type desulfurization of the exhaust gas and a sulfuric acid mist is removed by feeding ammonia into the exhaust gas, is characterized in that an ammonia gas is mixed into the exhaust gas by feeding inorganic ammonium salt to an alkali desulfurizing agent when the desulfurizing agent is sprayed into the exhaust gas to absorb and remove the sulfur oxide in the exhaust gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihiko Mochizuki, Naoyuki Ohashi
  • Patent number: 8961913
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and a system for cleaning a CO2 rich flue gas stream containing water vapor and NOX prior to CO2 sequestration. The method and system include heating the flue gas stream to a temperature suitable for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOX in a flue gas heater, reducing at least some of the NOX in the heated flue gas stream to N2 by SCR, and removing at least some of the water vapor from the NOX depleted flue gas stream by adsorption in an adsorption drier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Olaf Stallmann, Gerhard Heinz, Klaus Schnieder
  • Patent number: 8961916
    Abstract: This invention presents innovative methods for desulfurizing flue gas in conjunction with selective inorganics recovery using calcium chloroaluminate or calcium chloroferrate as a layered double hydroxide reagent. One of the aspects of such methods is based on scrubbing SO2 in a standalone closed loop. Further aspects of such methods are based on scrubbing SO2 by the natural alkalinity of a saline stream as a once-through sink along with controlled precipitation of magnesium hydroxide and a calcium-based mineral in a standalone basis; or in conjunction with desalination methods and/or enhanced hydrocarbons recovery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Inventor: Mansour S. Bader
  • Patent number: 8940258
    Abstract: This invention relates to processes for the selective removal of contaminants from effluent gases. More particularly, various embodiments of the present invention relate to selective removal and recovery of sulfur dioxide from effluent gases in a regenerative sulfur dioxide absorption/desorption process that achieves favorable energy efficiency. Energy is recovered from a wet stripper overhead gas stream produced in the desorption cycle by indirect transfer of heat from the stripper gas to a cooling medium and used to generate steam for use in stripping contaminants from the absorption liquor. The absorption zone may optionally be cooled to enhance the capacity of the absorption medium for absorption of a contaminant gas, thereby lowering the volume of absorption medium and contaminant-enriched absorption liquor that must be pumped, handled, heated and cooled in the absorption/desorption cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: MECS, Inc.
    Inventor: Ernesto Vera-Castaneda
  • Publication number: 20150023855
    Abstract: A wet scrubber (10) useful for cleaning a process gas (F) comprising at least a first spray level system (40) and a second spray level system (48) arranged compactly vertically above the first spray level system (40) in a wet scrubber tower (14). Each spray level system (40, 48) is equipped with a plurality of atomizing flattened relatively wide spray angle nozzles (56) for atomizing an absorption liquid (AL) supplied thereto for contact and intermixing with the process gas (F) for removal of environmental pollutants therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventor: Dennis James Laslo
  • Patent number: 8894954
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for removing mercaptans from a gas stream gas stream, comprising the steps: a) providing a first mercaptan-comprising gas stream comprising at least a mercaptan of the general formula: R1—SH, wherein R1 is an alkyl group comprising 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and b) contacting the mercaptan-comprising gas stream with an absorption medium comprising a substituted disulphide and a nitrogen-containing base to obtain a second mercaptan-depleted gas stream, wherein: the substituted disulphide is of the general formula R2—SS—R3 wherein: R2 and R3 are carbon comprising substituents of which the corresponding R2—SH and R3—SH thiols have a vapor pressure below the vapor pressure of any R1—SH thiol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Jozef Jacobus Titus Smits, Sipke Hidde Wadman
  • Patent number: 8894955
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for removing mercaptans from a gas stream. In the process, a first mercaptan-comprising gas stream comprising at least a mercaptan of the general formula: R1—SH, wherein R1 is an alkyl group comprising 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and an acid component is contacted with an absorption medium to obtain a mercaptan-depleted gas stream. The absorption medium includes a substituted disulphide and a base. The substituted disulphide is of the general formula R2—SS—R3, wherein R2 and R3 are carbon comprising substituents of which the corresponding R2—SH and R3—SH thiols have a vapor pressure below the vapor pressure of any R1—SH thiol, and at least one of R2 and R3 is an electron withdrawing group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Cpmpany
    Inventors: Jozef Jacobus Titus Smits, Sipke Hidde Wadman
  • Patent number: 8883105
    Abstract: Methods related generally to the removal of atmospheric pollutants from the gas phase, are provided, as well as related apparatus, processes and uses thereof. A single-stage air scrubbing apparatus is provided that includes at least one reaction vessel, at least one introduction duct, and a turbulence component, wherein a residence time is sufficient to allow the conversion of at least one atmospheric pollution compound to at least one other compound, molecule or atom. In some embodiments, the at least one atmospheric pollution compound comprises nitrogen oxide, sulfur oxide or a combination thereof. Additionally, methods of removing atmospheric pollution compounds from a waste gas stream are disclosed that include introducing a waste gas stream and at least one additional gas stream, mist stream, liquid stream or combination thereof into a single-stage air scrubbing apparatus at a flow rate sufficient to allow for conversion of the at least one atmospheric pollution compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Inventors: Roger Glenn Miller, Larry Kent Barnthouse
  • Patent number: 8877152
    Abstract: Methods and systems for the removal of SO2 from waste combustion flue gas are described herein. One such system for removing SO2 from waste combustion flue gas containing SO2 uses a semi-dry desulfurization system for contacting the flue gas with a solvent moistened absorption material. Thereafter, a recirculated water quench is used for contacting the flue gas with recirculated water at a relatively low pH, followed by a condenser used for contacting the flue gas with a water spray. Additionally, a NaOH supply for supplying NaOH to the condenser and an oxidizing catalyst supply for supplying an oxidizing catalyst to the condenser, are likewise used to produce cleaned flue gas for release to the atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Daniel Per Niklas Persson, Mati Maripuu, Marja Swahn
  • Patent number: 8871164
    Abstract: SOx removal equipment for reducing sulfur oxides from flue gas from a boiler, a cooler which is provided on the downstream side of the SOx removal equipment, for reducing the sulfur oxides from the flue gas and for decreasing a gas temperature, CO2 recovery equipment including: an absorber for bringing CO2 in the flue gas into contact with a CO2 absorption liquid so as to be reduced; and a regenerator for causing the CO2 absorption liquid to emit CO2 so as to recover CO2 and regenerate the CO2 absorption liquid, and a wet type electric dust collector for reducing a mist generation material which is a generation source of mist that is generated in the absorber of the CO2 recovery equipment before introducing the flue gas to the CO2 recovery equipment, are included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubushi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuto Nagayasu, Takashi Kamijo, Masayuki Inui, Tsuyoshi Oishi, Hiromitsu Nagayasu, Hiroshi Tanaka, Takuya Hirata, Tatsuya Tsujiuchi, Susumu Okino, Naoyuki Kamiyama, Seiji Yoshihara
  • Publication number: 20140248201
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for removal of SO2 from exhaust gas from a marine engine or a marine boiler of a ship. The exhaust gas from said marine engine or marine boiler is cooled and washed with seawater in a first scrubber section, and subsequently, in a second scrubber section, washed with circulating freshwater with an addition of an alkaline chemical. The circulating freshwater used for washing is warmer than the seawater used for cooling in the first scrubber section. The warmer freshwater is indirectly heat exchanged with cold seawater. The exhaust gas washed in the first scrubber section is passed via a demister unit before it is washed with circulating freshwater in the second scrubber section. The invention further relates to a corresponding scrubber system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: ALFA LAVAL CORPORATE AB
    Inventor: Jens Peter Hansen
  • Patent number: 8795416
    Abstract: An in-situ forced oxidation wet flue gas desulfurization apparatus, method and arrangement for utilization with oxy-fuel combustion power plants. The apparatus is a tower-like structure having a flue gas scrubbing zone and a reaction zone located subjacent to the gas scrubbing zone. A sulfur oxide absorbing liquid slurry is supplied to the gas scrubbing zone to react with and scrub the sulfur oxides from the flue gas. The partially reacted liquid slurry reagent and the scrubbed products drain into the reaction zone, rising to a set level. Oxidation air is introduced into the liquid slurry in the reaction zone to force the in-situ oxidation of sulfur compounds collected in the reaction zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis K. McDonald, Kevin J. Rogers
  • Publication number: 20140212351
    Abstract: To include a boiler 11 that burns fuel F, an air heater 13 that recovers heat of flue gas 18 from the boiler 11, a first precipitator 14 that reduces dust in the flue gas 18 after heat recovery, a desulfurizer 15 that reduces sulfur oxides in the flue gas 18 after dust reduction by an absorbent, a dewaterer 32 that reduces gypsum 31 from desulfurization discharged water 30 discharged from the desulfurizer 15, a spray drying device 34 including an atomizer that atomizes a dewatering filtration fluid 33 discharged from the dewaterer 32, and a flue-gas introducing line L11 that introduces a part of the flue gas 18 into the spray drying device 34.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Ukai, Seiji Kagawa, Tatsuto Nagayasu, Naoyuki Kamiyama, Toshihiro Fukuda
  • Patent number: 8778135
    Abstract: A circular utilization method in pulping and papermaking processes with straw Primary pulp is obtained by digesting straw raw material according to the ammonium sulfite method. Concentrated black liquor is extruded from the primary pulp; paper pulp and diluted black liquor. The concentrated black liquor and the diluted black liquor are mixed, and a contaminated condensate is obtained. A residual concentrate or the concentrated black liquor is used for preparing a fertilizer. The contaminated condensate is mixed with one or more of the waste material obtained from stock preparation, a crop byproduct or organic waste, and substrate or fertilizer is obtained by fermenting the nitrogen source of the contaminated condensate or ammonium sulfite, or using the contaminated condensate for desulfurizing flue gas. Ammonia and flue gas are reacted to obtain the ammonium sulfite as a digestion agent; and water from recycling is used in corresponding phases of the pulping process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Shandong Tralin Paper Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hongfa Li, Mingxin Song, Songtao Chen, Jihui Yang, Liangjin Guo
  • Patent number: 8765089
    Abstract: A process for reducing nitrogen oxides and halogenated organic compounds in an incineration plant having at least one combustion chamber. The process comprises separating out fly ash using a dust collector. Water is added to and hydrochloric acid separated out in a first acid-operated scrubber. Water and ammonia are added so as to separate out sulphur dioxide in a second neutral or slightly acid-operated scrubber so as to form ammonium sulphite, a portion of the ammonium sulphite thereby reacts with oxygen so as to form an aqueous ammonium sulphate/ammonium sulphite solution. The aqueous ammonium sulphate/ammonium sulphite solution is introduced into an oxygen-containing smoke gas downstream of a secondary gas introduction area so as to decompose the ammonium sulphate and ammonium sulphite so as to form ammonia and sulphur dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH
    Inventor: Hans Hunsinger
  • Patent number: 8758712
    Abstract: A wet scrubber (8) for cleaning a process gas containing sulphur dioxide comprises an absorption vessel (40) operative for bringing the process gas into contact with an absorption liquid to absorb sulphur dioxide from the process gas. The wet scrubber (8) further comprises an acidification system (90) operative for mixing absorption liquid that has absorbed sulphur dioxide from the process gas with a carbon dioxide containing gas, an absorbent dissolution tank (54) operative for adding an absorbent material to at least a portion of the absorption liquid, and a return pipe (104) operative for returning to the absorption vessel (40) at least a portion of the absorption liquid that has been mixed with the carbon dioxide containing gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventor: Stefan O. H. Åhman
  • Patent number: 8734741
    Abstract: A method for removing contaminants from a gas stream by feeding the gas stream into a scrubber that can use seawater as the scrubbing medium. The gas stream is first scrubbed with the seawater and then mixed with ozone to remove the contaminants. Nitrogen oxides that are present in the gas stream are converted to nitric acid/nitrates and these are recovered via condensate or coalesced mist for neutralization. The treated gas stream is then exhausted to the atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Naresh J. Suchak
  • Patent number: 8734747
    Abstract: A method for treating exhaust gas is provided, which includes measuring SO3 concentration in the exhaust gas which contains at least SO2 and SO3 by using an SO3 gas analyzer; injecting fine particles into the exhaust gas after the step of measuring; cooling the exhaust gas after the step of injection, by recovering heat from the exhaust gas; collecting fly ash from the cooled exhaust gas; and removing at least SO2 from the exhaust gas after the step of collecting by absorbing the SO2 with an absorbing solution. In addition, an apparatus for treating exhaust gas is provided, which includes an SO3 gas analyzer; a fine particles injector; a heat exchanger; an electrostatic precipitator; an absorption tower; and a fine particle feed controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Satoru Sugita
  • Patent number: 8728420
    Abstract: A wet scrubber for removal of at least one gaseous pollutant from an effluent gas includes an inlet opening. A gas distributor is arranged in a wet scrubber housing and comprises a diffuser having a cover plate. The cover plate is arranged in the path of the effluent gas flowing into the wet scrubber housing. The diffuser has at least one diffuser channel for transporting the effluent gas from the inlet opening into the wet scrubber housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventor: Odd Edgar Bjarno
  • Patent number: 8702842
    Abstract: A method for removing elemental sulfur from a hot gas stream, such as an autoclave vent gas, while simultaneously cooling the gas stream. The method results in conversion of sulfur in the hot gas stream to the form of solid, non-sticky sulfur allotropes such as rhombic sulfur while avoiding formation of sticky sulfur allotropes such as monoclinic sulfur, thereby avoiding scaling and fouling of plant equipment. According the method, the hot gas stream is contacted with an aqueous medium containing a particulate material inside a quench vessel having a first inlet for the hot gas stream, a second inlet for the aqueous medium, and an outlet for removing a sulfur-containing liquid fraction from the vessel. At least a portion of the sulfur contained in the hot gas stream, along with other condensable materials, becomes incorporated into the aqueous medium and is subsequently drained from the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Hatch Ltd.
    Inventors: Kevin S. Fraser, William E. McCombe
  • Patent number: 8691167
    Abstract: The present invention provides for a process for handling carbonyl sulfide waste and waste metal halides produced in industrial processes and, more particularly chlorination processes. The process includes the steps of hydrolyzing the carbonyl sulfide to produce a waste stream containing hydrogen sulfide and sulfidizing the resulting hydrogen sulfide containing stream with a solution of the waste metal halides. The resulting metal sulfide and metal halide-containing stream can be neutralized before disposal of the produced waste solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Tronox LLC
    Inventor: Harry Eugene Flynn
  • Patent number: 8679431
    Abstract: An air pollution control system comprises a SOx removal equipment for reducing sulfur oxides from flue gas from a boiler, a cooler for reducing the sulfur oxides that remain in the flue gas and for decreasing a gas temperature, CO2 recovery equipment including an absorber for bringing CO2 in the flue gas into contact with a CO2 absorption liquid so as to be reduced, a regenerator for causing the CO2 absorption liquid to emit CO2 so as to recover CO2 and regenerate the CO2 absorption liquid, a heat exchanger which for decreasing a temperature of the flue gas, and calcium carbonate spraying equipment for spraying calcium carbonate between the heat exchanger and an electric dust collector, wherein a mist generation material in the flue gas is converted from a gas state to a mist state to arrest and reduce the mist generation material in the mist state using calcium carbonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuto Nagayasu, Takashi Kamijo, Masayuki Inui, Tsuyoshi Oishi, Hiromitsu Nagayasu, Hiroshi Tanaka, Takuya Hirata, Tatsuya Tsujiuchi, Susumu Okino, Naoyuki Kamiyama, Seiji Yoshihara
  • Patent number: 8668889
    Abstract: SOx removal equipment for reducing sulfur oxides from flue gas from a boiler, a cooler which is provided on the downstream side of the SOx removal equipment, for reducing the sulfur oxides from the flue gas and for decreasing a gas temperature, CO2 recovery equipment which includes an absorber for bringing CO2 in the flue gas into contact with a CO2 absorption liquid so as to be reduced and a regenerator for causing the CO2 absorption liquid to emit CO2 so as to recover CO2 and regenerate the CO2 absorption liquid, and dissolved salt spraying equipment for reducing a mist generation material which is a generation source of mist that is generated in the absorber of the CO2 recovery equipment before introducing the flue gas to the CO2 recovery equipment, are included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuto Nagayasu, Takashi Kamijo, Masayuki Inui, Tsuyoshi Oishi, Hiromitsu Nagayasu, Hiroshi Tanaka, Takuya Hirata, Tatsuya Tsujiuchi, Susumu Okino, Naoyuki Kamiyama, Seiji Yoshihara
  • Publication number: 20140065046
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of cleaning a process gas containing sulphur dioxide the method including removing sulphur dioxide from the process gas by contacting the process gas with seawater to generate an at least partly cleaned process gas in a first gas cleaning device. In a second gas cleaning device, being arranged in direct fluid connection with the first gas cleaning device, the at least partly cleaned process gas having passed through the first gas cleaning device is cooled to condense water there from, thereby generating a process gas having a reduced content of water vapour. At least a part of the condensed water generated in the second gas cleaning device is passed to the first gas cleaning device. The present invention moreover relates to a gas cleaning system for cleaning of a process gas containing sulphur dioxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Olaf STALLMANN, Gerhard Heinz
  • Patent number: 8623304
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, there is provide and device and method to facilitate the treatment of chlorine bypass dust while preventing increases in chemical cost and concentrations of heavy metals in clinker, and ensuring stability in quality of cement, and to treat chlorine bypass exhaust gas while avoiding coating troubles in a cement kiln etc., and preventing heat losses in a preheater etc., without degradation of clinker production amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Taiheiyo Cement Corporation
    Inventors: Shinichiro Saito, Junichi Terasaki
  • Publication number: 20130336869
    Abstract: A system & Method for Preventing Scaling in a Flue Gas Desulphurization System is provided. The system includes an injector configured to direct a barrier fluid toward a surface that is otherwise susceptible to scaling when it comes in contact with super-saturated alkaline solutions such as slurry used to capture CO2 from a flue gas stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2013
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventor: Dennis James Laslo
  • Patent number: 8597603
    Abstract: The present invention provides a new method for decomposing and/or removing hazardous substances using a photocatalytic material. The method of the present invention is sufficiently useful in fields requiring quick decomposition and/or removal of hazardous substances in gas and/or liquid phases. The decomposition method of the present invention using a photocatalytic material enables significantly efficient and rapid decomposition of hazardous substances in gas and/or liquid phases by causing a photocatalytic material to coexist with a dilute hydrogen peroxide solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Showa Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Teruki Takayasu, Teruo Arai, Kinji Onoda
  • Publication number: 20130280156
    Abstract: The present invention relates to carbon nanocomposite sorbents. The present invention provides carbon nanocomposite sorbents, methods for making the same, and methods for separation of a pollutant from a gas that includes that pollutant. Various embodiments provide a method for reducing the mercury content of a mercury-containing gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2012
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Inventors: Edwin S. Olson, John H. Pavlish
  • Patent number: 8551435
    Abstract: This invention provides novel processes utilizing compositions comprising substituted polyamines as acid gas scrubbing solutions and methods of using the compositions in an industrial system. The invention relates to the use of such polyamine compounds in industrial processes to remove acidic contaminants from natural and industrial fluid streams, such as natural gas, combustion gas, natural gas, synthesis gas, biogas, and other industrial fluid streams. The compositions and methods of the invention are useful for removal, absorption, or sequestration of acidic contaminants and sulfide contaminants including CO2, H2S, RSH, CS2, COS, and SO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Alan M. Blair, Keith N. Garside, William J. Andrews, Kailas B. Sawant
  • Patent number: 8541622
    Abstract: This invention provides novel compositions comprising substituted polyamines as acid gas scrubbing solutions and methods of using the compositions in an industrial system. The invention relates to the use of such polyamine compounds in industrial processes to remove acidic contaminants from natural and industrial fluid streams, such as natural gas, combustion gas, natural gas, synthesis gas, biogas, and other industrial fluid streams. The compositions and methods of the invention are useful for removal, absorption, or sequestration of acidic contaminants and sulfide contaminants including CO2, H2S, RSH, CS2, COS, and SO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Alan M. Blair, Keith N. Garside, William J. Andrews, Kailas B. Sawant
  • Patent number: 8535626
    Abstract: An exhaust gas treatment apparatus according to the present invention generates post-mercury oxidation exhaust gas by denitrating exhaust gas of a combustion apparatus, generates desulfurization drainage by desulfurizing the post-mercury oxidation exhaust gas, supplies the desulfurization drainage to the combustion apparatus, and controls a return amount, which is the amount of the desulfurization drainage reused for the desulfurization, based on a concentration of halogens in the desulfurization drainage. Such exhaust gas treatment apparatus can appropriately remove mercury from the exhaust gas, and can desulfurize the post-mercury oxidation exhaust gas more appropriately.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shintaro Honjo, Satoru Sugita
  • Patent number: 8529855
    Abstract: A method for removing gas components SOx, NOx, and CO2 from a flue gas, comprises the steps of contacting the flue gas successively with first, second and third liquid mediums each of which provides a plasma containing reactive electrons or ions in an amount such that the gas molecules SOx, NOx, and CO2 are successively subjected to impingement of the electrons or ions in the respective plasma to enable the dissociation of the gas molecules SOx, NOx, and CO2 so as to remove SOx, NOx, and CO2 from the flue gas. A system for removing gas components SOx, NOx, and CO2 from a flue gas is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Ecospec Global Technology Pte Ltd.
    Inventor: Hwee Hong Chew
  • Patent number: 8524180
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for minimizing the emission of particulate matter and precursors thereof from a flue gas stream of an engine comprising particulate matter and precursors thereof and at least one gaseous component. The process includes the steps of obtaining a flue gas stream of an engine comprising particulate matter and precursors thereof; increasing the moisture content of the stream by contacting it with a first aqueous medium in an amount and at a temperature at which at least 50% of the water content of the first aqueous medium is evaporated; whereby a moisture laden gas stream, optionally containing suspension droplets, is formed; cooling the moisture laden gas stream whereby suspension droplets are formed; and applying a centrifugal force to the moisture laden gas stream and to the suspension droplets to effect the swirling thereof, whereby a treated gaseous stream and an aqueous stream are formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignees: Vortex Ecological Technologies Ltd., Clue AS, Clean Marine AS
    Inventors: Riki Canari, Aharon Eyal, Nils Christian Hoy-Petersen, Matitiahu Fichman, Carl Christian Hauge, Carmi Raz
  • Patent number: 8518357
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and apparatus for managing sulfur are disclosed. In some embodiments, the method comprise the following: obtaining material containing sulfur; refining the material to develop a high sulfur content heavy fraction fuel oil and a low sulfur content light fraction fuel oil; burning the low sulfur content light fraction fuel oil in apparatus that emit to the atmosphere; burning the high sulfur content heavy fraction fuel oil to produce energy thereby generating flue gas containing sulfur oxide; and removing and disposing of sulfur in the flue gas using a sulfur sequestration system that includes utilizing sulfur removed from the flue gas to form a brine material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
    Inventors: Klaus S. Lackner, Tim A. Rappold
  • Publication number: 20130202514
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, there is provide and device and method to facilitate the treatment of chlorine bypass dust while preventing increases in chemical cost and concentrations of heavy metals in clinker, and ensuring stability in quality of cement, and to treat chlorine bypass exhaust gas while avoiding coating troubles in a cement kiln etc., and preventing heat losses in a preheater etc., without degradation of clinker production amount.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 4, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: TAIHEIYO CEMENT CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinichiro Saito, Junichi Terasaki
  • Patent number: 8501135
    Abstract: A method of reducing sulfur compounds from an incoming gas stream, comprising flowing the gas stream over a hydrolysis catalyst to convert COS and CS2 to H2S and reduce SO2 to elemental sulfur to form an effluent stream; providing an acidic gas removal unit comprising an absorbent; flowing said effluent stream over said absorbent to produce a stream free of acidic gases; applying an acidic-gas desorption mode to said acidic-gas rich absorbent to produce an acidic gas stream; introducing oxygen to said acidic gas-rich stream; providing a direct oxidation vessel containing catalyst suitable for catalyzing the oxidation of the H2S to sulfur wherein the temperature of the vessel is at or above the sulfur dew point at the reaction pressure; and flowing said acidic gas-rich stream over said catalyst to produce a processed stream having a reduced level of sulfur compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Archon Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Alan Ayasse, Ahmed M. Shahin, Conrad Ayasse
  • Patent number: 8486357
    Abstract: A method of using condensed water produced in a desulfurization apparatus includes the steps of: bringing a gas to be treated, containing a sulfur dioxide and a desulfurization absorption liquid, into contact with each other to absorb and eliminate the sulfur dioxide from the gas to be treated; cooling a desulfurized gas obtained by the elimination of the sulfur dioxide to produce condensed water from the desulfurized gas; and washing the desulfurization apparatus with the condensed water. In the step of washing the desulfurization apparatus, an inlet for introducing the gas to be treated into the desulfurization apparatus may be washed with the condensed water, and a mist eliminator for eliminating the desulfurization absorption liquid accompanying the desulfurized gas from the gas may be washed with the condensed water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Motofumi Ito, Satoru Sugita, Tatsuya Tsujiuchi
  • Patent number: 8480983
    Abstract: A wet flue gas desulfurization (WFGD) system includes an absorber vessel operable to remove pollutants from flue gas supplied thereto. The absorber vessel defines a slurry section for containing a reagent slurry therein and an outlet in fluid communication with the slurry section. The WFGD system includes a mercury removal vessel in fluid communication with outlet. The mercury removal vessel has activated carbon disposed therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Alstom Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Dennis James Laslo, Raymond Raulfs Gansley
  • Patent number: 8475750
    Abstract: An air pollution control system 10A includes a boiler 11 that burns fuel, an air heater 13 that recovers heat of flue gas 17 from the boiler 11, and a desulfurizer 15 that reduces sulfur oxides contained in the flue gas 17 after heat recovery by an absorbent, and waste-water supplying units P0 to P5 that supply desulfurized waste water 28 discharged from the desulfurizer 15 to at least one of a path for supplying fuel to the boiler 11, inside of a furnace of the boiler 11, and the inside of a flue gas duct between the boiler 11 and the air heater 13 are installed. With this configuration, an amount of desulfurized waste water to be returned into the flue gas duct per unit time can be increased as compared to conventional systems, without increasing the size of the entire air pollution control system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Ukai, Moritoshi Murakami, Susumu Okino, Tatsuto Nagayasu, Seiji Kagawa
  • Patent number: 8461335
    Abstract: This invention provides novel compositions comprising substituted polyamines as acid gas scrubbing solutions and methods of using the compositions in an industrial system. The invention relates to the use of such polyamine compounds in industrial processes to remove acidic contaminants from natural and industrial fluid streams, such as natural gas, combustion gas, natural gas, synthesis gas, biogas, and other industrial fluid streams. The compositions and methods of the invention are useful for removal, absorption, or sequestration of acidic contaminants and sulfide contaminants including CO2, H2S, RSH, CS2, COS, and SO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Alan M. Blair, Keith N. Garside, William J. Andrews, Kailas B. Sawant
  • Patent number: 8449851
    Abstract: According to the present invention, a mercury removing system (A) includes a reaction gas supplier (20) that supplies reaction gas to treatment target gas; de-nitration equipment (2) that reduces nitrogen oxide in the treatment target gas to be removed and oxidizes low water-soluble mercury in the treatment target gas to obtain water-soluble mercury; and desulfurization equipment (7) that removes sulfur oxide and the low water-soluble mercury in the treatment target gas. The mercury removing system further includes an oxidation gas vaporizer (124) that heats an oxidation gas generating liquid to generate oxidation gas and a gas mixer (13) that mixes the oxidation gas with reducing gas to obtain the reaction gas, outside a flue and on the upstream side of the reaction gas supplier (20).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: IHI Corporation
    Inventor: Toshiyuki Naito
  • Patent number: 8435469
    Abstract: A method of controlling air pollution arising from sulphur trioxide and or sulphuric acid in coal combustion gases, combustion gases passing through the demister region of a wet flue gas desulphurization unit are exposed to a sulphide based reducing agent such as hydrogen sulphide, such that metal catalysts promoting the oxidation of ammonia leading to the formation of nitrosylsulfuric acid are poisoned and so prevented from catalysing the formation and discharge of sulphuric acid in aerosol emissions in stack gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Cylenchar Limited
    Inventor: Peter John Hurley
  • Publication number: 20130095018
    Abstract: An up-flow fluidized bed dry scrubber and a method of operating same. The scrubber includes up-flow reactors. The reactors receive an exhaust gas flow containing pollutants and each reactor includes one or more spray lances that inject a dry, powdered sorbent into the flow vertically onto material dispersion assemblies installed in the reactor and one or more dual-fluid spray lances with multiple spray nozzles that introduce humidification water into the flow in the reactor. The sorbent and the humidification water combine to create a fluidized sorbent bed in the flow when the flow is sufficient to suspend the fluidized sorbent bed in the reactor, in which pollutants react with the sorbent in the bed and are removed from the gas as the gas flows through the bed in the reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Inventor: Herman W. Pilats
  • Publication number: 20130089482
    Abstract: Methods for removing acid gases and recovering water from flue gas. A flue gas is introduced into a water spray tower and is cooled by direct contact with a sprayed aqueous stream to condense a portion of the water vapor in the flue gas. Acid gases present in the flue gas are absorbed into the aqueous mixture, and a chemical added to the stream facilitates conversion of absorbed acid gases. The aqueous stream leaving the spray tower is next treated to remove contaminants, such as carbonates and bicarbonates, thereby producing a cleaned aqueous stream that may be split into a stream that is cooled prior to reuse in the spray tower, as well as a stream that is fed back to the boiler.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2012
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: PHILLIPS 66 COMPANY
    Inventors: Edward G. LATIMER, George F. SCHUETTE, Clint P. AICHELE, Mitchell E. LOESCHER, Randall L. HEALD
  • Patent number: 8398944
    Abstract: An air pollution control system 10A according to the present invention includes: a boiler 11 that burns fuel; NOx removal equipment 12 that decomposes nitrogen oxides in flue gas 25 discharged from the boiler 11; a desulfurizer 15 that causes sulfur oxides in the flue gas 25 having passed through the NOx removal equipment 12 to be absorbed by an absorbent, thereby reducing sulfur oxides in the flue gas 25, a waste-water treatment device 16 including a solid-liquid separating unit 31 that separates desulfurized waste water 28 discharged from the desulfurizer 15 into a solid fraction and a liquid fraction, and a mercury removing unit 32 that removes mercury in the desulfurized waste water 28; and a treated waste-water returning unit (a makeup water line) 17 that returns at least a part of treated waste water 40 treated by the waste-water treatment device 16 to the desulfurizer 15.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Ukai, Moritoshi Murakami, Susumu Okino, Tatsuto Nagayasu, Seiji Kagawa