Fusing, Curing, Or Annealing (e.g., Ceramics, Etc.) Patents (Class 427/559)
  • Patent number: 11742316
    Abstract: This application relates to semiconductor manufacturing, and more particularly to an interconnect structure for semiconductors with an ultra-fine pitch and a forming method thereof. The forming method includes: preparing copper nanoparticles using a vapor deposition device, where coupling parameters of the vapor deposition device are adjusted to control an initial particle size of the copper nanoparticles; depositing the copper nanoparticles on a substrate; invertedly placing a chip with copper pillars as I/O ports on the substrate; and subjecting the chip and the substrate to hot-pressing sintering to enable the bonding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2022
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2023
    Inventors: Yu Zhang, Chengqiang Cui, Peilin Liang, Jin Tong, Guannan Yang
  • Patent number: 11658055
    Abstract: Embodiments disclosed herein include electronic packages and methods of forming such packages. In an embodiment, the electronic package comprises a package substrate having a first surface and a second surface opposite from the first surface, and a monolayer having a plurality of first molecules over the first surface of the package substrate. In an embodiment, the first molecules each comprise a first functional group attached to the first surface, and a first release moiety attached to the first functional group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2023
    Inventors: Suddhasattwa Nad, Rahul Manepalli
  • Patent number: 10946579
    Abstract: A fabrication process includes: 1) forming an object by 3D printing; 2) smoothing the object by applying a gel to the object to coat at least a portion of the object with a film of the gel; 3) subjecting the object coated with the film to vacuum; and 4) curing the film to yield the object coated with the cured film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Inventors: Olav Solgaard, Nina Vaidya, Thomas Eugene Carver
  • Patent number: 10076028
    Abstract: A substrate for a printed circuit board according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a base film having insulating properties and a sintered layer formed of a plurality of metal particles, the sintered layer being stacked on at least one surface of the base film, in which a region of the sintered layer extending from an interface between the sintered layer and the base film to a position 500 nm or less from the interface has a porosity of 1% or more and 50% or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Inventors: Takashi Kasuga, Yoshio Oka, Shigeaki Uemura, Jinjoo Park, Hiroshi Ueda, Kousuke Miura
  • Patent number: 9296917
    Abstract: The invention relates to a heat-curable powder coating composition comprising i) at least one crystalline polyester resin present in an amount of at most 90 wt %; and ii) at least one amorphous polyester resin; and iii) at least one crosslinking agent; and iv) at least one thermal radical initiator, wherein, the at least one crystalline polyester resin and/or the at least one amorphous polyester resin has di-acid ethylenic unsaturations; wherein the at least one crosslinking agent is either crystalline or amorphous; wherein the at least one crosslinking agent has reactive unsaturations that are reactable with the ethylenic unsaturations of the di-acid ethylenic unsaturations of the at least one crystalline polyester resin and/or the at least one amorphous polyester resin to be crosslinked, said unsaturations of the crosslinking agent are different from the unsaturations of the at least one crystalline polyester resin and the unsaturations of the at least amorphous polyester resin; wherein the wt % is based on
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Tosko Alexandar Misev, Leendert Jan Molhoek, Johan Franz Gradus Antonius Jansen, Nicole Van Der Werf, Sven Johan Wilbert Reijmer, Jan Pieter Drijfhout, Peter Wellenberg
  • Publication number: 20150147486
    Abstract: Micron-sized metal particles in an ink or paste composition are deposited onto a substrate and then photosimered. The substrate may comprise a polymeric material. The polymeric substrate may have a coefficient of thermal expansion greater than two times the coefficient of thermal expansion of the photosimered ink or paste composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Ovadia Abed, Valerie Kaye Ginsberg, James P. Novak
  • Publication number: 20150129847
    Abstract: A method for producing a conductive substrate including at least an anchor layer and a pattern of conductive thin metal lines on a bare substrate is provided. The method includes the steps of: forming a porous anchor layer mainly composed of an inorganic compound on the bare substrate; forming the pattern of thin metal lines containing metal nanoparticles and a metal complex on the anchor layer; and performing thermal annealing of the pattern of thin metal lines by irradiation of flash light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Hiroshi Takada, Toshiyuki Matsumura, Masaki Goto
  • Publication number: 20150125624
    Abstract: A three-dimensional article having spray-applied ink and a spray application process for three-dimensional articles are disclosed. The article includes a substrate and conductive ink spray-applied to a non-planar region of the substrate. The conductive ink on the non-planar region is at least a portion of a power trace, an antenna, a resistive heater, a conductive lead, a sensor, a functional electrical device, or a combination thereof. The process includes spray-applying conductive ink, ablating the conductive ink, photo-sintering the conductive ink, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: Tyco Electronics Corporation
    Inventors: Forest I. Bohrer, Jeanine M.W. Olson
  • Publication number: 20150103269
    Abstract: Provided are a transparent conductive substrate production method for an electrostatic capacitance touch panel having a high pattern recognition property, by simple steps without using a vacuum process and a wet etching method, as well as a transparent conductive substrate and an electrostatic capacitance touch panel. An electrode drawing lead wiring pattern is formed on at least one main face of a transparent film using a conductive paste. An electrode pattern forming unit prints an electrode pattern with a transparent conductive pattern forming ink containing metal nanowires or metal nanoparticles so that the electrode pattern is connected to the electrode drawing lead wiring pattern, and dries the printed electrode pattern. The dried electrode pattern is subjected to pulsed light irradiation by a photoirradiation unit 18, to sinter the metal nanowires or the metal nanoparticles contained in the transparent conductive pattern forming ink.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Katsuaki Suganuma, Hiroshi Uchida, Kenji Shinozaki
  • Patent number: 8974870
    Abstract: Methods for fabricating porous low-k materials are provided, such as plasma enhanced chemically vapor deposited (PE-CVD) and chemically vapor deposited (CVD) low-k films used as dielectric materials in between interconnect structures in semiconductor devices. More specifically, a new method is provided which results in a low-k material with significant improved chemical stability and improved elastic modulus, for a porosity obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: IMEC
    Inventors: Mikhail Baklanov, Quoc Toan Le, Laurent Souriau, Patrick Verdonck
  • Patent number: 8945687
    Abstract: Disclosed are a heat transfer medium and a heat transfer method that uses the heat transfer medium. The heat transfer medium comprises a light-transparent substrate coated with a plurality of nano particles. The nano particles absorb light incident thereon to thereby produce heat, which is transferred to a target object to be heated. Nano particles can be applied onto a target object. After heating, the particles are removed by etching. Nano particles can be selectively applied to the light-transparent substrate or directly to a target object to be heat so as to localize heat-production and thus heat selective portions of the target object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seonmi Yoon, Jaeyoung Choi, Hyeon Jin Shin, Jeong Gun Lee, Jongmyeon Park
  • Publication number: 20150030784
    Abstract: In a conductive film forming method using photo sintering, a conductive film having low electric resistance is easily formed. The conductive film forming method is a method in which a conductive film is formed using photo sintering. This method includes the steps of forming a layer made of a sintering promoter on a substrate, forming a liquid film made of a copper particulate dispersion on the layer of the sintering promoter, drying the liquid film to form a copper particulate layer, and subjecting the copper particulate layer to photo sintering. The sintering promoter is a compound which removes copper oxide from metallic copper. Thereby, the sintering promoter removes a surface oxide film of copper particulates in photo sintering.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Yuichi Kawato, Yusuke Maeda, Tomio Kudo
  • Patent number: 8932474
    Abstract: A method of making an imprinted micro-wire structure includes providing a substrate and first, second, and third different stamps. A curable first layer is provided in relation to a substrate and imprinted with first, second, and third micro-channels using the first stamp. First, second, and third micro-wires are formed in the first, second, and third micro-channels. A curable second layer is provided adjacent to the first layer and imprinted with first and second connecting micro-channels. First and second connecting micro-wires are formed in the first and second connecting micro-channels. A curable third layer is provided and imprinted with a bridge micro-channel and a bridge micro-wire formed in the bridge micro-channel. The first and second micro-wires, the first and second connecting micro-wires, and the bridge micro-wire are electrically connected and electrically isolated from the third micro-wire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Ronald Steven Cok
  • Publication number: 20140356621
    Abstract: A method of synthesizing silica nanoparticles. The method includes hydrolyzing a silica precursor to form a plurality of monomers, each monomer of the plurality comprising a microwave reactive silicon species. The plurality of monomers is irradiated by an energy source configured to generate microwave frequency energy. Irradiation cases the plurality of monomers polymerize into a silica nanoparticle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: Government of the United States as Represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Jeffery Ray Owens, Derek Lovingood
  • Publication number: 20140356598
    Abstract: A re-adhesive multi-layered double-sided tape which has its interlayer adhesion reinforced and improves reliability, and a manufacturing method thereof are provided. The re-adhesive multi-layered double-sided tape includes: a base layer; primer layers which are formed on opposite surfaces of the base layer; and re-adhesive adhesion layers which are formed on the primer layers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventor: Chang Yong LEE
  • Publication number: 20140314966
    Abstract: Tape lamination on a dry copper ink film, followed by a flash lamp procedure, produces conductive films. The tape lamination increases the curing parameter window and reduces crack formation in the metallic film Tape lamination facilitates curing of a continuous copper film on temperature sensitive substrates, such as PET, at power levels that would usually crack blow off the copper film This lamination process also improves adhesion and uniformity of the cured film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Richard Lee Fink, James P. Novak, Valerie Ginsberg
  • Publication number: 20140308511
    Abstract: A physical configuration of multiple-layer coatings formed with at least one layer of coating containing cubic born nitride (cBN) particles with one or more layers in composite form containing cBN particles may have a thickness of each individual layer as thin as in the nanometer range, or as thick as in the range of a few microns and even up to tens of microns. The chemistry of the composite layer consists of any individual phase of (a) nitrides such as titanium nitride (TiN), titanium carbonitride (TiCN), and hafnium nitride (HfN); (b) carbides such as titanium carbide (TiC); and (c) oxides such as aluminum oxide (Al2O3) or any combination of the above phases, in addition to cBN particles. The coating or film can be stand-alone or on a substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2012
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicants: NanoMech, Inc., The Board of Trustees of the university of Arkansas
    Inventors: Wenping Jiang, Ajay P. Malshe
  • Publication number: 20140272190
    Abstract: A method of annealing a thin film deposited on a substrate. According to the method, the thin film deposited on the substrate is provided. The provided thin film is irradiated with electromagnetic radiation until a predetermined crystal quality of the thin film is achieved. The spectral band of the electromagnetic radiation is selected such that the thin film is substantially absorptive to the electromagnetic radiation and the substrate is substantially transparent to the electromagnetic radiation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Lili Huang, Richard M. Mank
  • Publication number: 20140272465
    Abstract: The subject of the invention is a process for obtaining a material comprising a substrate coated on at least one portion of at least one of its faces with a stack of thin layers comprising at least one silver layer, said process comprising a step of depositing said stack then a heat treatment step, said heat treatment being carried out by irradiating at least one portion of the surface of said stack using at least one incoherent light source for an irradiation time ranging from 0.1 millisecond to 100 seconds, so that the sheet resistance and/or the emissivity of said stack is reduced by at least 5% in relative terms, the or each silver layer remaining continuous at the end of the treatment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Fabien Lienhart, Martin Python
  • Publication number: 20140238833
    Abstract: Reduction/oxidation reagents have been found to be effective to chemically cure a sparse metal nanowire film into a fused metal nanostructured network through evidently a ripening type process. The resulting fused network can provide desirable low sheet resistances while maintaining good optical transparency. The transparent conductive films can be effectively applied as a single conductive ink or through sequential forming of a metal nanowire film with the subsequent addition of a fusing agent. The fused metal nanowire films can be effectively patterned, and the patterned films can be useful in devices, such as touch sensors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: C3NANO INC.
    Inventors: Ajay Virkar, Xiqiang Yang, Ying-Syi Li, Dennis McKean, Melburne C. LeMieux
  • Publication number: 20140234553
    Abstract: A method for making an optical assembly is disclosed. The method involves disposing a liquid optically clear composition with a coating head. The liquid optically clear composition is disposed onto a target substrate to form an optically clear adhesive layer for adhering elements in an optical assembly. The optical assembly includes a display panel bonded to another optical component and may be used in a display device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Inventors: Jonathan J. O'Hare, Christopher J. Campell, Albert I. Everaerts, Chin Teong Ong, Yi Lin Sim
  • Patent number: 8808787
    Abstract: The formation in quantity of various different populations of a substance being studied with multiple combinations of distribution form and distribution density by dripping a suspension of a single concentration of the substance onto a masking member of a certain specified structure placed on a substrate by making use of the sedimentation of said substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Japan Science and Technology Agency
    Inventors: Koji Ikuta, Masashi Ikeuchi
  • Publication number: 20140216799
    Abstract: An object is to provide a conductive film forming method which can form a conductive film having low electric resistance on a base material by utilizing photo sintering even when the base material has low heat resistance. A conductive film forming method is a method in which a conductive film is formed on a base material, and the method includes the steps of forming a film composed of copper particulates on a base material, subjecting the film to photo sintering, and applying plating to the photo-sintered film. Whereby, it is possible to form a conductive film on a base material by lowering irradiation energy of light in photo sintering even when the base material has low heat resistance. Since the conductive film includes a plated layer, electric resistance decreases.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Inventors: Yuichi Kawato, Tomohiro Mito, Yusuke Maeda, Tomio Kudo
  • Publication number: 20140205767
    Abstract: There is described a substantially solid, solvent free, radiation curable composition comprising a) optionally from 0.1% to 99.9% by weight of a colorant; and b) from 0.1% to 99.9% of radiation curable polymer obtained and/or obtainable from at least one mono-(terminal functional forming) monomer of formula I: R1(R2)C?CR3(C?O)(X1)nR4 Formula 1, where n is 0 or 1, X1 is oxy or —NR5— (where R5 represents H or optionally substituted organo), R1 independently represents optionally substituted C1-10hydrocarbo, hydroxyl, optionally substituted C2-10hydrocarbo-oxy comprising a ring moiety, and/or carboxy; and R2, R3 and R4 each independently represent H, an optional substituent and/or optionally substituted organo groups and where n is 0, R3 may also represent oxy or —NR5—; and c) optionally from 0.1% to 90% of a radiation curable high molecular weight reactive diluent; and d) optionally from 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Rajasingham SATGURUNATHAN, Emilio MARTIN, Adrianus Antonius Johannes VAN GEEL, Franciscus Adrianus Johannes SUYKERBUYK, Daniela SENATORE, Alfred Jean Paul BÜCKMANN
  • Publication number: 20140178602
    Abstract: A method of making a cathode for a battery includes the steps of depositing a precursor cathode film having a first crystallinity profile. The precursor cathode film is annealed by irradiating the precursor cathode film with from 1 to 100 photonic pulses having a wavelength of from 200 nm to 1600 nm, a pulse duration of from 0.01 ?s and 5000 ?s and a pulse frequency of from 1 nHz to 100 Hz. The photonic pulses are continued until the precursor cathode film has recrystallized from the first crystallinity profile to a second crystallinity profile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Inventors: Joseph A. ANGELINI, Claus DANIEL, Chad E. DUTY, Jane Y. HOWE, Pooran JOSHI, Jianlin LI, E. Andrew PAYZANT, Adrian S. SABAU, David L. WOOD, Isaiah OLADEJI
  • Publication number: 20140170437
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of applying a zinc complex film, including forming a zinc complex film on a surface of a substrate, performing high-frequency curing at about 90˜110° C. for about 18˜22 min, and performing painting and drying as post-treatment. Further disclosed are a method of coating a brake caliper using the zinc complex film, and to a brake caliper thus coated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Inventor: Sang Soo Kim
  • Publication number: 20140154427
    Abstract: A method for forming thin film conductors is disclosed. A thin film precursor material is initially deposited onto a porous substrate. The thin film precursor material is then irradiated with a light pulse in order to transform the thin film precursor material to a thin film such that the thin film is more electrically conductive than the thin film precursor material. Finally, compressive stress is applied to the thin film and the porous substrate to further increase the thin film's electrical conductivity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: NCC NANO, LLC
  • Patent number: 8741395
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for enhancing the surface energy and/or surface chemistry of carbon fibers involves exposing the fibers to direct or indirect contact with atmospheric pressure plasma generated using a background gas containing at least some oxygen or other reactive species. The fiber may be exposed directly to the plasma, provided that the plasma is nonfilamentary, or the fiber may be exposed indirectly through contact with gases exhausting from a plasma discharge maintained in a separate volume. In either case, the process is carried out at or near atmospheric pressure, thereby eliminating the need for vacuum equipment. The process may be further modified by moistening the fibers with selected oxygen-containing liquids before exposure to the plasma.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignees: UT-Battelle, LLC, Remaxco Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Felix L. Paulauskas, Daniel M. Sherman
  • Publication number: 20140076587
    Abstract: Fire-suppression devices to protect structures from fire damage comprising a fibrous matrix and a fire-retardant composition applied to that matrix. The fire suppression device may be applied to a wooden structure to render at least a portion of that wooden structure resistant to fire.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 18, 2012
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Applicant: Osmose Holdings, Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas J. Herdman, Randy Marquardt, Peter-Yu Tham, Thomas Pope, Robert Butera
  • Publication number: 20140071556
    Abstract: There are provided a flexible color filter substrate and a method for manufacturing the same, the flexible color filter substrate including: a flexible substrate and R, G, and B patterns formed on the flexible substrate, wherein the R, G, and B patterns are formed using a phase change ink composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Yong-Sung Goo, Joon-Hyung Kim
  • Publication number: 20140057058
    Abstract: A system and a method for providing a film having a matte finish. The system includes means for providing a coated substrate, the coated substrate comprising a first coatable material applied to a substrate, the coatable material forming a first major surface of the coated substrate; means for changing the viscosity of the first coatable material from a first viscosity to a second viscosity; a face-side roller having an outer surface positioned to contact the first major surface of the coated substrate to impart a matte finish thereon; and optionally, means for hardening the first coatable material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2013
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Inventors: Robert A. Yapel, Francis M. Aguirre, John P. Baetzold, Olester Benson, JR., Andrew J. Henderson, Mitchell A.F. Johnson, Leslie A. Todero, Steven J. McMan, David L. Phillips, Bruce D. Shalles
  • Patent number: 8658260
    Abstract: A coating material containing metal oxide is applied to one side of a substrate, both coating and substrate being transparent to visible light. An absorber material is placed in heat transfer proximity to the coating and a laser beam is transmitted through the substrate and through the coating to strike the absorber material at the interface between coating and absorber. The absorber material absorbs optical energy from the laser beam causing the material to heat. Heat from the absorber propagates to the coating to heat a localized region, causing the coating material to anneal. If desired, the coating material can include a doping material that fuses into the coating during annealing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventor: Jie Zhang
  • Patent number: 8637158
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a polymerizable composition and to a method for coating metal surfaces, in particular steel, galvanized and alloy-galvanized steel, and also aluminum and alloys thereof, as protection against corrosion. The polymerizable composition preferably contains less than 10% by weight of portions which are not incorporated in the cured coating. In a further aspect, the invention relates to the use of the claimed composition for coating workpieces consisting of the above-mentioned metals, particularly metal surfaces in blanking lines (coil coating). The present invention therefore also comprises the use of metal surfaces, coated according to the invention, for the production of “white goods” (household appliances), automobile bodies, electronic component housings, and for the building trade and the transport sector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Jörg Sander, Jürgen Stodt, Holger Endres
  • Publication number: 20140004276
    Abstract: A roll coater with a recirculation loop is disclosed. Waste coating material form the roll coater is treated in an agitator unit containing, for example, one or more ultrasonic transducers, and optionally a filtration unit and/or temperature control unit to produce reconditioned coating solution, such as a reconditioned sol-gel precursor solution. Also disclosed is preventative maintenance module comprising a cleaning unit that is designed to engage and clean the applicator and/or metering rolls in a roll coater.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2013
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Inventor: Elmira Ryabova
  • Publication number: 20130337191
    Abstract: An apparatus for forming a pattern of a nanoparticle ink on a substrate has a transport apparatus that is energizable to move the substrate in a direction and a printing apparatus that deposits the nanoparticle ink in a pattern on a surface of the moving substrate. An illumination apparatus directs a patterned illumination to cure the deposited ink pattern on the moving substrate, the illumination apparatus having a light source that generates light directed toward a uniformizer, a spatial light modulator energizable to form a patterned illumination from the uniformized light, and an illumination lens disposed to direct illumination from the spatial light modulator onto the surface of the moving substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventors: Sujatha Ramanujan, Michael J. Carmody, Richard J. Dixon
  • Publication number: 20130337190
    Abstract: An apparatus for forming a pattern of a nanoparticle-based ink on a substrate has a printing apparatus that is energizable to deposit the nanoparticle-based ink in a pattern on a surface of the substrate. An illumination apparatus is energizable to direct a patterned illumination to cure the deposited ink pattern on the substrate, the illumination apparatus having an array having at least a first and a second laser diode, each laser diode coupled to a channel in a laser light coupling element through an optical fiber and having an illumination lens disposed to direct illumination from the coupling element onto the surface of the substrate. A transport apparatus is energizable to provide relative motion between the substrate and the illumination apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: Intrinsiq Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Sujatha Ramanujan, Michael J. Carmody, Richard J. Dixon
  • Publication number: 20130323434
    Abstract: Patterned multilayer films, such as those used in electronic devices, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), and solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOECs) may be deposited and annealed in a single tool. The tool includes an inkjet printer head, a heater, and a laser. The inkjet printer head deposits on a substrate either suspended particles of a functional material or solvated precursors of a functional material. The head is mounted on a support that allows the head to scan the substrate by moving along the support in a first direction and moving the support along a second direction. After the head deposits the material the heater evaporates solvent from substrate, and the depositing and heating may be repeated one or more times to form a patterned multilayer material. Then, a laser, microwave, and/or Joule effect heating device may be used to anneal the multilayer material to a desired pattern and crystalline state.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2013
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Inventors: Samir Boulfrad, Erkki Alarousu, Eman Husni Da'as, Ghassan Jabbour
  • Patent number: 8592003
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for the preparation of a novel hybrid electrochromic coating material with superior performance in terms of transparency, electrochromic contrast, coloration efficiency, and adhesion, for a use in electrochromic devices for applications where a high transparency is required in the bleached state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignees: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur forderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., Universita Degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
    Inventors: Ayse Cochet, Uwe Posset, Gerhard Schottner, Giorgio Pagani, Ricardo Ruffo, Luca Beverina, Claudio Maria Mari, Giorgio Patriarca, Alessandro Abbotto
  • Publication number: 20130286604
    Abstract: A photocurable resin composition which hardly causes leakage and is easily formed into a desired shape and an image display device using this photocurable resin composition are provided. Namely, a photocurable resin composition comprises a compound (A) having a photopolymerizable functional group and an oil gelling agent (B), is provided. Also, an image display device having a laminate structure including an image display unit having an image display part, a transparent protective plate, and a resin layer existent between the image display unit and the transparent protective plate, wherein the resin layer is a cured material of the above-described photocurable resin composition, is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventor: Hitachi Chemical Company, Ltd.
  • Patent number: 8557352
    Abstract: An object is to provide a method of making a metal oxide film with a sufficiently high degree of crystal orientation, without difficulties, at low cost, and with little damage to a base material and the metal oxide film, and to provide laminates and electronic devices using the same. A method includes a step of forming a metal film having a (111) plane, on a base material; a step of forming a metal oxide film on the (111) plane of the metal film; and a step of maintaining a temperature of the metal oxide film formed on the (111) plane of the metal film, at 25-600° C. and irradiating the metal oxide film with UV light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignees: TDK Corporation, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Yuki Miyamoto, Tetsuo Tsuchiya
  • Publication number: 20130266741
    Abstract: Microwave radiation may be applied to electrochemical devices for rapid thermal processing (RTP) (including annealing, crystallizing, densifying, forming, etc.) of individual layers of the electrochemical devices, as well as device stacks, including bulk and thin film batteries and thin film electrochromic devices. A method of manufacturing an electrochemical device may comprise: depositing a layer of the electrochemical device over a substrate; and microwave annealing the layer, wherein the microwave annealing includes selecting annealing conditions with preferential microwave energy absorption in the layer. An apparatus for forming an electrochemical device may comprise: a first system to deposit an electrochemical device layer over a substrate; and a second system to microwave anneal the layer, wherein the second system is configured to provide preferential microwave energy absorption in the device layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2012
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Daoying Song, Chong Jiang, Byung-Sung Leo Kwak
  • Publication number: 20130260142
    Abstract: A PZT-based ferroelectric thin film is manufactured on a lower electrode by coating, calcining, and then firing so as to crystallize a PZT-based ferroelectric thin film-forming composition. A PZT-based ferroelectric thin film-forming composition is coated on the surface of the lower electrode using a CSD method. Calcination is slowly carried out on a formed sol film in a temperature pattern including a first holding step in which the temperature of the composition is increased from a predetermined temperature such as room temperature using infrared rays and the composition is held at a temperature in a range of 200° C. to 350° C. and a second holding step in which the temperature of composition is increased from the holding temperature of the first holding step and is held at a temperature in a range of 350° C. to 500° C. higher than the holding temperature of the first holding step.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Inventors: Toshihiro Doi, Hideaki Sakurai, Toshiaki Watanabe, Nobuyuki Soyama
  • Publication number: 20130240436
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method of sealing the free end of a hollow fiber membrane for use in a single header filtration module by dipping the end of the membrane into a low-viscosity light-curable adhesive and curing the adhesive. The invention further encompasses the resulting sealed hollow fiber membrane with a diameter that is only slightly larger than the diameter of the unsealed membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Inventors: Taylour Johnson, David Colby
  • Publication number: 20130236655
    Abstract: A photosensitive electromagnetic-wave interception ink composition containing a photosensitive metal complex, electrically conductive particles, soft magnetic particles and a solvent is used for forming a coated film on a surface of a particular circuit element mounted on a circuit board by an ink-jet method, and the film is irradiated with light, whereby an electrically conductive cured material 100 containing at least electrically conductive particles 120 originated from the photosensitive electromagnetic-wave interception ink composition and the soft particles 140 is formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2013
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Applicant: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Shogo NASU, Eiichi URIU, Hisayo OHATA
  • Publication number: 20130230664
    Abstract: A method of preparing an organic light-emitting device includes forming an organic emission unit on a substrate, and forming a thin film encapsulation layer that contacts an environmental element, and that includes at least one inorganic layer including a low temperature viscosity transition (LVT) inorganic material, wherein the inorganic layer is formed using a process including forming a pre-inorganic layer including the LVT inorganic material by providing the LVT inorganic material onto the organic emission unit on which the environmental element is located, performing a first healing process on the pre-inorganic layer at a temperature greater than a viscosity transition temperature of the LVT inorganic material, and performing a second healing process on the pre-inorganic layer having undergone the first healing process to increase a binding force between the environmental element and the LVT inorganic material, and to increase a binding force among the LVT inorganic material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Inventor: Jin-Woo Park
  • Publication number: 20130230665
    Abstract: A method of preparing an organic light-emitting device including: forming an organic emission unit on a substrate; and forming a thin film encapsulation layer including at least one inorganic layer including a low temperature viscosity transition (LVT) inorganic material, the forming the thin film encapsulation layer including forming the at least one inorganic layer, and the forming the at least one inorganic layer including: forming a pre-inorganic layer including the LVT inorganic material on the organic emission unit by heating a source including the LVT inorganic material using plasma in a vacuum and depositing the LVT inorganic material or ions of the LVT inorganic material separated from the source on the organic emission unit; and applying a healing process to the pre-inorganic layer at a temperature greater than a viscosity transition temperature of the LVT inorganic material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2012
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Inventor: Jin-Woo Park
  • Publication number: 20130216728
    Abstract: An apparatus for continuously forming a thin-film layer of organic or inorganic functional material on one or both sides of a flexible substrate via plasma enhanced vacuum vapour deposition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Inventors: Christopher Hurren, Brian John Conolly, Thomas Kenneth Hussey
  • Patent number: 8501827
    Abstract: A method of using heat-resistant hollow sphere polymers having at least on crosslinked polymer stage, and having a core stage that has been swollen with a volatile base, in applications in which the hollow sphere polymer is exposed to temperatures of from 100° C. to 350° C., is provided. Articles made by the method are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Chuen-Shyong Chou, John Robert Haigh
  • Publication number: 20130180652
    Abstract: Disclosed is a flexographic printing plate precursor for laser engraving comprising: a support; a relief-forming layer provided above the support; and a foam sheet covering the relief-forming layer, the foam sheet having a surface roughness Ra of 0.02 to 1.0 mm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
  • Publication number: 20130164466
    Abstract: A glass-flake loaded organic sealant system is useful for sealing active layers such as those in electronic devices and solar cells.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Inventors: Chandrashekhar S. Khadilkar, Robert P. Blonski, Srinivasan Sridharan, Jackie D. Davis, John J. Maloney, James D. Walker, Andrew M. Rohn, JR.