Low Energy Electromagnetic Radiation (e.g., Microwave, Radio Wave, Ir, Uv, Visible, Actinic, Laser, Etc.) Patents (Class 427/553)
  • Patent number: 10748808
    Abstract: A semiconductor device and a method of forming the same are provided. The method includes forming a trench in a substrate. A liner layer is formed along sidewalls and a bottom of the trench. A silicon-rich layer is formed over the liner layer. Forming the silicon-rich layer includes flowing a first silicon precursor into a process chamber for a first time interval, and flowing a second silicon precursor and a first oxygen precursor into the process chamber for a second time interval. The second time interval is different from the first time interval. The method further includes forming a dielectric layer over the silicon-rich layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Cheng-I Lin, Bang-Tai Tang
  • Patent number: 10682698
    Abstract: The present invention provides a production method of copper-carbon nanofibers, which can realize oxidation-resistant characteristics and process simplification, the production method comprising the steps of: forming a metal precursor-organic nanofiber comprising a metal precursor and an organic substance; and forming a metal-carbon nanofiber by performing a selective oxidation heat treatment to the metal precursor-organic nanofiber so as to simultaneously oxidize carbon of the organic substance and reduce the metal precursor to a metal, wherein the metal has a lower oxidation resistance than the carbon; the selective oxidation heat treatment is performed through a singly heat treatment step, not a plurality of heat treatment steps; and metal-carbon nanofibers with different structures may be formed according to the amount of partial oxygen pressure under which the selective oxidation heat treatment is performed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY R&DB FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Young Chang Joo, Dae Hyun Nam, Ji Hoon Lee, Na Rae Kim, Yoo Yong Lee, Han Wool Yeon, So Yeon Lee
  • Patent number: 10662309
    Abstract: An article has a density of from 0.03 to 0.45 g/cc. The article includes a plurality of anisotropic tubular particles that are randomly oriented in the article. The tubular particles include a thermoplastic elastomer foam and a non-foamed polymer disposed on an exterior surface of the thermoplastic elastomer foam as an outermost layer of the tubular particles. Each of the thermoplastic elastomer foam and the non-foamed polymer independently has a softening temperature determined according to DIN ISO 306. Moreover, the non-foamed polymer includes an additive that is responsive to non-heat energy to selectively heat the non-foamed polymer to its softening temperature prior to the thermoplastic elastomer foam reaching its softening temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Brad J. Martin, Mihai Manitiu, Mark Paul Kujawski
  • Patent number: 10611869
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a curable composition containing a monomer (A) having at least one crosslinkable group and at least one aromatic ring, a monomer (B) having a fluorene skeleton, a compound (C) having an Abbe number of at most 21, and a polymerization initiator (D), wherein the content of the compound (C) is from 1 to 10 mass % based on 100 mass % of the total content of the monomer (A), the monomer (B) and the compound (C). Curable compositions of this disclosure have low viscosities and produce cured products having a high refractive indices, a low Abbe numbers, high transparencies and high heat resistances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventors: Tomoaki Sakurada, Keisuke Takagi, Yasuhiro Kuwana
  • Patent number: 10607513
    Abstract: After an intermediate region and a flexible substrate region of a plastic film of a multilayer stack are divided, the interface between the flexible substrate region and a glass base is irradiated with laser light. The multilayer stack is separated into the first portion and the second portion while the multilayer stack is kept in contact with the stage. The first portion includes a plurality of OLED devices in contact with the stage. The OLED devices include a plurality of functional layer regions and the flexible substrate region. The second portion includes the glass base and the intermediate region. The step of irradiating with the laser light includes forming the laser light from a plurality of arranged laser light sources and temporally and spatially modulating a power of the plurality of laser light sources according to a shape of the flexible substrate region of the synthetic resin film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: Sakai Display Products Corporation
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Kishimoto, Kohichi Tanaka
  • Patent number: 10578965
    Abstract: A pattern is formed on a substrate with a layer of a curable composition (A1) containing a component (a1) serving as a polymerizable compound on a surface of the substrate, then dispensing droplets of a curable composition (A2) containing at least a component (a2) serving as a polymerizable compound and a component (b2) serving as a photopolymerization initiator dropwise discretely onto the curable composition (A1) layer to lay the droplets, subsequently sandwiching a mixture layer of the curable composition (A1) and the curable composition (A2) between a mold having a pattern and the substrate, then irradiating the mixture layer with light to cure the layer, and releasing the mold from the mixture layer after the curing, a Distance in Hansen space Ra((a1)?(A2)) between the component (a1) serving as a polymerizable compound in the curable composition (A1) and the curable composition (A2) being 6 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Akiko Iimura, Toshiki Ito
  • Patent number: 10539869
    Abstract: A pattern is formed on a substrate with a layer of a curable composition (A1) containing a component (a1) serving as a polymerizable compound on a surface of the substrate, then dispensing droplets of a curable composition (A2) containing at least a component (a2) serving as a polymerizable compound and a component (b2) serving as a photopolymerization initiator dropwise discretely onto the curable composition (A1) layer to lay the droplets, subsequently sandwiching a mixture layer of the curable composition (A1) and the curable composition (A2) between a mold having a pattern and the substrate, then irradiating the mixture layer with light to cure the layer, and releasing the mold from the mixture layer after the curing, a Distance in Hansen space Ra((a1)?(A2)) between the component (a1) serving as a polymerizable compound in the curable composition (A1) and the curable composition (A2) being 6 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Akiko Iimura, Toshiki Ito
  • Patent number: 10465087
    Abstract: Crosslinkable random copolymers comprising atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) initiators and crosslinked copolymer films formed from the copolymers are provided. The random copolymers, which are polymerized from one or more alkyl halide functional inimers and one or more monomers having a crosslinkable functionality, are characterized by pendant ATRP initiating groups and pendant crosslinkable groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: Padma Gopalan, Daniel Patrick Sweat, Myungwoong Kim
  • Patent number: 10460927
    Abstract: A method of forming a SiOCN material layer, a material layer stack, a semiconductor device, a method of fabricating a semiconductor device, and a deposition apparatus, the method of forming a SiOCN material layer including providing a substrate; providing a silicon precursor onto the substrate; providing an oxygen reactant onto the substrate; providing a first carbon precursor onto the substrate; providing a second carbon precursor onto the substrate; and providing a nitrogen reactant onto the substrate, wherein the first carbon precursor and the second carbon precursor are different materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yong-suk Tak, Tae-jong Lee, Bon-young Koo, Ki-yeon Park, Sung-hyun Choi
  • Patent number: 10426865
    Abstract: An absorbent pad includes a batt of cellulose fibers, superabsorbent particles intermixed within the batt of cellulose fibers, and an odor control material intermixed within the batt of cellulose fibers, wherein the odor control material is a particulate material including one or more fatty acid. The odor control material preferably further includes selected inorganic compounds, such as sources of nitrogen, phosphorus and iron. Various embodiments incorporate the absorbent pad in a diaper or other disposable hygiene product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: BioNutraTech, Inc.
    Inventor: Sandra L. Hruza
  • Patent number: 10208220
    Abstract: A non-Newtonian photo-curable ink composition that includes a polymerizable FMOC material in an amount ranging from about 2 wt % to about 20 wt % by total weight of the ink composition, a photo-initiator, an organic solvent and water, wherein the ink composition has a first dynamic viscosity ranging from 25 cps to 10,000 cps at a first state and a second dynamic viscosity ranging from 1 cps to 50 cps at a second state. Also described herein is a method for making such non-Newtonian photo-curable ink composition and a method for producing printed images using such non-Newtonian photo-curable ink composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: James P. Shields, Raymond Adamic, Sundar Vasudevan
  • Patent number: 10166602
    Abstract: A formulation containing nanometric single-crystal metallic copper particles, and a method of producing the formulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: P.V. NANO CELL LTD.
    Inventors: Fernando De La Vega, Semyon Melamed
  • Patent number: 9995860
    Abstract: The disclosure is directed to a highly reflective multiband mirror that is reflective in the VIS-NIR-SWIR-MWIR-LWIR bands, the mirror being a complete thin film stack that consists of a plurality of layers on a selected substrate. In order from substrate to the final layer, the mirror consists of (a) substrate, (b) barrier layer, (c) first interface layer, (d) a reflective layer, (e) a second interface layer, (f) tuning layer(s) and (g) a protective layer. In some embodiments the tuning layer and the protective layer are combined into a single layer using a single coating material. The multiband mirror is more durable than existing mirrors on light weight metal substrates, for example 6061-Al, designed for similar applications. In each of the five layer types methods and materials are used to process each layer so as to achieve the desired layer characteristics, which aid to enhancing the durability performance of the stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Jason S Ballou, Frederick J Gagliardi, Gary Allen Hart, Timothy R Soucy, Robin Merchant Walton, Leonard Gerard Wamboldt, Jue Wang
  • Patent number: 9937681
    Abstract: A method for improving the heat sealability of a packaging material and a method for manufacturing a heat-sealed container or package are described. The material can be polymer-coated packaging paper or cardboard, or a polymeric packaging film. The material includes a polymer layer that contains polyester, particularly polylactide, the heat sealability of which is improved by ultraviolet radiation. Polylactide is useful as such or when blended, for example, with other biodegradable polyester. The containers and packages thus manufactured include disposable drinking cups and cardboard carton and box packages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: STORA ENSO OYJ
    Inventors: Tapani Penttinen, Kimmo Nevalainen, Jurkka Kuusipalo, Tapio Koskinen, Sami Kotkamo
  • Patent number: 9895872
    Abstract: A 3-D printing apparatus includes a base and a printing head disposed above the base. The base includes an adjustment platform having an adjustment side and a top surface, a first-adjustment mechanism, second-adjustment mechanisms and a printing bed. The first-adjustment mechanism includes an adjustment shaft, first and second gears and a linkage rod. The first gear disposed under the adjustment platform is engaged with the adjustment shaft to drive it to move along a normal direction of the top surface. The second gear is engaged with the first gear to drive it to rotate. The linkage rod extended to the adjustment side connects the second gear to drive it to rotate. The second-adjustment mechanisms arranged along the adjustment side are adapted to move along the normal direction. The printing bed disposed on the adjustment platform is engaged with the adjustment shaft and the second adjustment mechanisms to move therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignees: XYZprinting, Inc., Kinpo Electronics, Inc., Cal-Comp Electronics & Communications Company Limited
    Inventors: Shih-Jer Din, Jui-Feng Chang, Shy-Huey Yee
  • Patent number: 9893202
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device has a first step including a step of forming an oxide semiconductor film, a second step including a step of forming a gate insulating film over the oxide semiconductor film and a step of forming a gate electrode over the gate insulating film, a third step including a step of forming a nitride insulating film over the oxide semiconductor film and the gate electrode, a fourth step including a step of forming an oxide insulating film over the nitride insulating film, a fifth step including a step of forming an opening in the nitride insulating film and the oxide insulating film, and a sixth step including a step of forming source and drain electrodes over the oxide insulating film so as to cover the opening. In the third step, the nitride insulating film is formed through at least two steps: plasma treatment and deposition treatment. The two steps are each performed at a temperature higher than or equal to 150° C. and lower than 300° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Junichi Koezuka, Masami Jintyou, Daisuke Kurosaki, Yukinori Shima, Toshimitsu Obonai
  • Patent number: 9829613
    Abstract: The present invention provides a heat ray cutting film comprising, on a substrate, at least two layers of a light reflecting layer X1 and a light reflecting layer X2 obtained by fixing cholesteric liquid crystalline phases, and an infrared ray absorbing layer comprising composite tungsten oxide microparticles, wherein the light reflecting layer X1 and the light reflecting layer X2 reflect lights circularly polarized in directions opposite to each other, reflection center wavelengths of the light reflecting layer X1 and the light reflecting layer X2 are within a range of 800 to 1100 nm and are substantially equal to each other, and total reflectivity of all light reflecting layers obtained by fixing cholesteric liquid crystalline phases is 80% or more. The heat ray cutting film of the present invention has high transparency and high heat shielding performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Takao Taguchi, Shunya Katoh, Kazuhiro Oki, Masaru Yoshikawa
  • Patent number: 9816944
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for accurately and easily measuring/evaluating/predicting/estimating the electrical resistance of an oxide semiconductor thin film, and a method for managing the film quality. The method for evaluating an oxide semiconductor thin film includes: a first step for irradiating, with excitation light and microwave, a sample on which an oxide semiconductor thin film is formed, measuring the maximum value of the reflected microwave by the thin film which changes due to the excitation light irradiation, then stopping the excitation light irradiation and measuring the change in reflectivity of the microwave from the thin film after the excitation light irradiation has been stopped; and a second step for calculating a parameter corresponding to the slow decay observed after the excitation light irradiation has been stopped from the change in the reflectivity and evaluating the electrical resistivity of the oxide semiconductor thin film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazushi Hayashi, Aya Miki, Toshihiro Kugimiya, Nobuyuki Kawakami
  • Patent number: 9796590
    Abstract: Provided is a carbon fiber manufacturing method including a surface treatment step of ejecting an ozone solution in which ozone is dissolved in solvent from a fluid ejecting port toward a carbon fiber bundle and causing the ozone solution to pass between single fibers of the carbon fiber bundle so as to contact surfaces of the single fibers so that the surfaces of carbon fibers are treated by the ozone solution. Also, provided is a carbon fiber subjected to a surface treatment by the carbon fiber manufacturing method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Takayuki Kiriyama, Masahiro Hata, Hiroyuki Nakao, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Masashi Shimahara, Kenichi Watanabe, Yasunori Murano, Hiroshi Tategaki
  • Patent number: 9745428
    Abstract: There is provided with a method for manufacturing a resin product. One embodiment includes performing a modification process on a portion of a surface of the resin product not less than two times by different methods to modify the portion such that a plating metal can be deposited on the portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: CANON COMPONENTS, INC.
    Inventors: Taisuke Iwashita, Yoshihisa Negishi, Yoshihiro Hattori, Naoki Tatebayashi
  • Patent number: 9595717
    Abstract: A nonaqueous electrolyte composition includes: an electrolyte salt; a nonaqueous solvent; a matrix polymer; and a ceramic powder having a thermal conductivity of 50 W/m° C. or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventor: Masaki Machida
  • Patent number: 9493670
    Abstract: Hydrophilic coating compositions and methods to make and use the compositions are disclosed. The compositions include a polymer comprising one or more cyanate groups and a blocking agent contacting at least one of one or more cyanate groups. When exposed to atmospheric water, the blocked cyanate moieties at the surface may hydrolyze to expose hydrophilic groups. Thus, the hydrophobic polymeric surface may change to a hydrophilic surface upon reacting with atmospheric water and moisture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventors: William Brenden Carlson, Gregory D. Phelan
  • Patent number: 9224645
    Abstract: A silicon carbide semiconductor device includes: a silicon carbide layer, a reaction layer which is in contact with the silicon carbide layer, a conductive oxidation layer which is in contact with the reaction layer, and an electrode layer which is formed over the reaction layer with the conductive oxidation layer interposed therebetween. A thickness of the conductive oxidation layer falls within a range of 0.3 nm to 2.25 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: SHINDENGEN ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Jun-ichi Ohno
  • Patent number: 9201333
    Abstract: Provided is a heat-shrinkable resin tube for forming a resin layer on a rotary member for an image forming part, such as a charging roller, a developing roller, or a transfer roller, a rotary member for support, or a rotary member for paper discharge in an image forming apparatus, in which a maximum depth of at least one linear scratch on a surface of the heat-shrinkable resin tube is 0.8 ?m or less. A maximum length of the at least one linear scratch may be 1 mm or less, the resin tube may have a thickness of 100 ?m or less, and the at least one linear scratch may extend in a direction parallel to an axial direction of the resin tube or in a direction tilted by 20° or less with respect to the axial direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC FINE POLYMER, INC.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Fukumoto, Hong-Phuc Nguyen
  • Patent number: 9187842
    Abstract: A thin film which comprises an organic metal salt or an alkoxide salt or an amorphous thin film is formed on a substrate, wherein each of the thin films enables the formation of a Dion-Jacobson perovskite-type metal oxide represented by the composition formula A(Bn?1MnO3n+1) (wherein n is a natural number of 2 or greater; A represents one or more monovalent cations selected from Na, K, Rb and Cs; B comprises one or more components selected from a trivalent rare earth ion, Bi, a divalent alkaline earth metal ion and a monovalent alkali metal ion; and M comprises one or more of Nb and Ta; wherein a solid solution may be formed with Ti and Zr) on a non-oriented substrate. The resulting product is maintained at the temperature between room temperature and 600° C.; and crystallization is achieved while irradiating the amorphous thin film or the thin film comprising the organic metal salt or the alkoxide salt on the substrate with ultraviolet light such as ultraviolet laser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Tomohiko Nakajima, Tetsuo Tsuchiya, Takaaki Manabe
  • Patent number: 9180519
    Abstract: A three-dimensional nanostructures and a method for fabricating the same, and more particularly to three-dimensional structures of various shapes having high aspect ratio and uniformity in large area and a method of fabricating the same by attaching a target material to the outer surface of patterned polymer structures using an ion bombardment phenomenon occurring during a physical ion etching process to form target material-polymer composite structures, and then removing the polymer from the target material-polymer structures. A three-dimensional nanostructures with high aspect ratio and uniformity can be fabricated by a simple process at low cost by using the ion bombardment phenomenon occurring during physical ion etching. Also, nanostructures of various shapes can be easily fabricated by controlling the pattern and shape of polymer structures. In addition, uniform fine nanostructures having a thickness of 10 nm or less can be formed in a large area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Hee-Tae Jung, Hwan-Jin Jeon, Kyoung-Hwan Kim, Youn-Kyoung Baek
  • Publication number: 20150147485
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for the microstructured grafting of a plurality of proteins onto a substrate, which includes a substrate (7), a film, a matrix (10), a light source (9), an optical system (11), a first container (1) for receiving a first aqueous solution, a second container (2) for receiving a second aqueous solution, and a microfluidic circuit, wherein the film is arranged on the substrate, the source is suitable for illuminating the matrix with the light, the matrix is suitable for propagating the light in a first structured pattern, the matrix includes an optical means for replacing the first structured pattern with a second structured pattern, the optical system is suitable for forming, on the film, a first microstructured image of the first pattern, the circuit is suitable for containing the first aqueous solution, the circuit includes an opening for placing the first solution in contact with the film at the opening, the circuit includes a microfluidic means for replacing the first solut
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Vincent Studer, Ammar Azioune
  • Publication number: 20150140349
    Abstract: A display device comprises a display panel, a window layer and a coating formed of gel material. The window layer is formed on the display panel and the coating layer is formed on the window layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: EUNJUNG LEE, SEUNGBAE LEE, JONGHO CHONG
  • Publication number: 20150140297
    Abstract: A fabrication resource receives a base material such as metal or other suitable material. The fabrication resource applies optical energy to a surface of the base material. Application of the optical energy transforms a texture on the surface of the base material. Subsequent to transforming the texture on the surface of the base material, the fabrication resource then adheres a supplemental material such as paste including glass powder to the transformed texture on the surface. Application of heat to the paste fuses the glass powder of the applied paste into a glass layer that adheres to the transformed texture. The fabrication resource contacts an electronic circuit device onto an exposed facing of the glass layer and reheats the combination of the electronic circuit device, glass layer, and base material. The application of heat secures the electronic circuit device to the layer of glass and corresponding base material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Steven E. Johnson, Keith St. Pierre, Eric Breault
  • Patent number: 9034433
    Abstract: A method for creating a wood like appearance on a synthetic shutter using a sales client device, a network, computer instructions for creating a work order, a tray with scannable tray identifier to hold a shutter, a production client device connected to the network with computer instructions for applying a base coat, a glaze, and a top coat with spray treatment devices to the shutter as it automatically moves on a conveyer system. Scanning a scannable tray identifier with a plurality of sensors to link the tray identifier to the work order and to authenticate and validate the location of the tray on the conveyor system, or to initiate an alerting device. The method uses temperature control environments to control humidity and heating of the shutter while spraying, drying and UV curing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: GLASSCRAFT DOOR COMPANY
    Inventors: John B. Plummer, Matthew James O'Shea, Joseph Gene Denley
  • Publication number: 20150129496
    Abstract: The invention relates to a composite comprising a porous substrate at least partially coated with a coating layer prepared from curing a coating composition (C), the coating composition (C) comprising at least one curable perfluoropolyether (PFPE) polymer. The invention further relates to a process for manufacturing a composite as afore-described, comprising the steps of: (a) providing a coating composition (C) comprising at least one curable perfluoropolyether (PFPE) polymer; (b) depositing said coating composition (C) on a porous substrate; and (c) crosslinking said coating composition (C) to form a porous substrate at least partially coated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: SOLVAY SPECIALTY POLYMERS ITALY S.p.A. a corporation
    Inventors: Aldo Sanguineti, Emanuele DI Nicolo, Pasquale Campanelli
  • Publication number: 20150122777
    Abstract: A conductive pattern is formed using a reactive polymer comprising pendant tertiary alkyl ester groups, a compound that provides an acid upon exposure to radiation, and a crosslinking agent. A polymeric layer is patternwise exposed to form first exposed regions with a polymer comprising carboxylic acid groups that are contacted with electroless seed metal ions, and then contacted with a halide to form corresponding electroless seed metal halide. Another exposure converts electroless seed metal halide to electroless seed metal nuclei and forms second exposed regions. A reducing agent is used to develop the electroless seed metal nuclei in the second exposed regions, or to develop the electroless seed metal halide in the first exposed regions. Fixing is used to remove any remaining electroless seed metal halide. The electroless seed metal nuclei are then electrolessly plated in various exposed regions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Mark Edward Irving, Thomas B. Brust
  • Publication number: 20150122778
    Abstract: A conductive pattern is formed in a polymeric layer that has (a) a reactive polymer comprising pendant tertiary alkyl ester groups, (b) a compound that provides an acid upon exposure to radiation, and (c) a crosslinking agent. The polymeric layer is patternwise exposed to radiation to provide a polymeric layer comprising non-exposed regions and exposed regions comprising a polymer comprising carboxylic acid groups. The exposed regions are contacted with electroless seed metal ions to form a pattern of electroless seed metal ions. This pattern of electroless seed metal ions can be contacted with a non-reducing reagent that reacts with the electroless seed metal ions to form an electroless seed metal compound that has a pKsp of less than 40. This bound electroless seed metal compound is then electrolessly plated with a suitable conductive metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Mark Edward Irving, Thomas B. Brust
  • Publication number: 20150124152
    Abstract: Provided is a near-infrared absorptive compositions which having excellent near-infrared shielding property even if they are formed into thin films, being able to apply, and inhibited transmittance of visible light loss and transmittance loss after postbaking even if they contain a higher proportion of solids such as copper complexes. The near-infrared absorptive composition comprising a copper complex, a polyfunctional polymerizable compound and a solvent, wherein the near-infrared absorptive composition has a solids content of 35 to 90% by mass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2015
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: FUJIFILM CORPORATION
    Inventors: Seongmu BAK, Seiichi HITOMI
  • Publication number: 20150118412
    Abstract: Device configured to form a protective film includes a receiving unit made of transparent material, an attracting unit, and an UV curing unit. The receiving unit defines a receiving groove configured to locate and hold an uncoated component. A shape of the receiving groove is same as that of the uncoated component, and a size of the receiving groove is greater than that of the uncoated component. The attracting unit is configured to attract and hold the component as it is coated with protective glue. The UV curing unit is arranged below the receiving unit to cure the glue with UV light to form a protective coating. A method to form a protective film is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: HAN-LUNG LEE
  • Publication number: 20150119522
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a photo-aligning liquid crystal aligning agent for forming a liquid crystal alignment layer capable of materializing a liquid crystal display device which has a high transmittance while maintaining a liquid crystal aligning property, a voltage holding ratio and the like and in which flickering is inhibited from being caused after operated for a long time.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Youichiro Ooki, Yuko Katano, Tomoyuki Matsuda, Keisuke Izawa, Rika Hisada
  • Publication number: 20150118456
    Abstract: An object with a coating comprising: a) covalent bonds formed by reaction of a thiol group and a carbon-carbon double bond, b) covalent bonds formed by reaction of a thiol group and epoxide group, c) covalent bonds formed by a reaction of a carbon-carbon double bond and an epoxide group, said coating comprising a first primer coating and a second coating, said coating comprising covalent bonds between said first and second coatings, said first primer coating comprising covalent cross links between compounds, in the first coating the fraction (r3=ta/tc) of unreacted thiol groups (ta) to thiol groups which have reacted to form a covalent bond (tc) does not exceed 0.11, wherein the half height peak width of tan delta does not exceed 30° C. Advantages of the dual cure composition is that excellent strength is obtained and that the second curing is slow compared to the first initial curing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Carl Fredrik CARLBORG, Tommy HARALDSSON
  • Patent number: 9017775
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the treatment of parts for creating a surface with areas with shiny and matte appearances, in which on the surface previously coated with a first layer of copper and a second layer of metal a selective etching of the second layer is performed, wherein the selective etching of the second layer is performed according to the area or areas to be glazed with respect to the rest of the part. The process allows a finish with areas of a different shine (from mirror shine to matte), the differences in thickness of which cannot be observed by the human eye without optical aids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Zanini Auto Grup, S.A.
    Inventors: Augusto Mayer Pujadas, José Sanahuja Clot
  • Publication number: 20150110968
    Abstract: A method includes flowing reactant gases into a process chamber. Plasma having a first power level is supplied using a plasma source. The process chamber is dosed with the precursor. The first power level is sufficient to enhance adsorption of the precursor on a surface of the substrate and is insufficient to decompose the precursor that is adsorbed. After a first predetermined period, the method includes removing a portion of the precursor that does not adsorb onto the substrate. The precursor that is adsorbed is activated using plasma having a second power level using the plasma source. The second power level is greater than the first power level and is sufficient to decompose the precursor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Adrien LaVoie, Hu Kang, Karl Leeser
  • Patent number: 9011710
    Abstract: Methods are disclosed for synthesizing nanocomposite materials including ferromagnetic nanoparticles with polymer shells formed by controlled surface polymerization. The polymer shells prevent the nanoparticles from forming agglomerates and preserve the size dispersion of the nanoparticles. The nanocomposite particles can be further networked in suitable polymer hosts to tune mechanical, optical, and thermal properties of the final composite polymer system. An exemplary method includes forming a polymer shell on a nanoparticle surface by adding molecules of at least one monomer and optionally of at least one tethering agent to the nanoparticles, and then exposing to electromagnetic radiation at a wavelength selected to induce bonding between the nanoparticle and the molecules, to form a polymer shell bonded to the particle and optionally to a polymer host matrix. The nanocomposite materials can be used in various magneto-optic applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona
    Inventors: Palash Gangopadhyay, Alejandra Lopez-Santiago, Robert A. Norwood
  • Publication number: 20150104893
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a photo-alignment layer, includes: disposing a polymer material on a substrate; pre-baking the polymer material disposed on the substrate; irradiating a light to the pre-baked polymer material, to photo-align the pre-baked polymer material; and thermal-treating the irradiated pre-baked polymer material, to harden the irradiated pre-baked polymer material. The thermal-treating includes a first thermal-treatment, and a second thermal-treatment at a higher temperature than the first thermal-treatment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Mi Hwa LEE, Suk Hoon KANG, Yeong Rong PARK, Jun-Woo LEE, Baek Kyun JEON
  • Publication number: 20150104562
    Abstract: A fully additive method for forming multilayer electrical interconnects for printed electronic and/or optoelectronic devices is disclosed. Electrical interconnects are fabricated by directly ink-jet printing a dielectric material with selective interconnection holes, and then ink jet printing conductive patterns and filling the interconnection holes with conductive material to form multilayer interconnects. A method for manufacturing a multilayer printed electronic system utilizing the invention is also disclosed. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: OMEGA OPTICS, INC.
    Inventors: Harish Subbaraman, Ray T. Chen
  • Patent number: 9005565
    Abstract: A method of forming graphene comprises supplying energy to at least a portion of an organic material monolayer disposed on a substrate. The energy is sufficient to carbonize the at least a portion of the monolayer exposed thereto to form a layer of graphene on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Inventor: Hamid-Reza Jahangiri-Famenini
  • Publication number: 20150099810
    Abstract: Fragrances that provide a scent of freshness tend to be volatile and are therefore not very economical when used in typical applications such as washing or cleaning processes, so they have to be used in relatively large quantities to be able to produce adequate effects. The disclosed photolabile pro-fragrances provide a much longer-lasting sense of fragrance, in particular with a scent of freshness, when used in typical applications, thus allowing said fragrances to be used economically.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Thomas Gerke, Christian Kropf, Ursula Huchel, Axel Griesbeck, Agnieszka Landes
  • Publication number: 20150099325
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for enhancing the conductivity of an undoped transparent metal oxide to obtain a transparent conductive oxide (TCO) electrode. More in particular it relates to such a method comprising the steps of providing a transparent metal oxide, applying a UV transparent barrier layer on the transparent metal oxide, and irradiating the transparent metal oxide with UV radiation after applying the barrier layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor toegepast- natuurwetenschappelijk onderzoek TNO
    Inventors: Andrea Illiberi, Frank Grob, Paulus Willibrordus George Poodt, Gerardus Johan Jozef Winands, Pieter Jan Bolt
  • Publication number: 20150094452
    Abstract: Isolated polypeptides are disclosed comprising an amino acid sequence encoding a monomer of a fibrous polypeptide attached to a heterologous polysaccharide binding domain. Composites comprising same, methods of generating same and uses thereof are all disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Oded SHOSEYOV, Shaul Lapidot, Sigal Meirovitch, Daniel L Siegel
  • Publication number: 20150093515
    Abstract: A fully additive method for forming optical waveguides and devices, such as thermo-optic polymer switches and electro-optic polymer modulators, is disclosed. A first polymer material of refractive index N1 is coated onto a suitable substrate to form a first cladding layer. The first cladding is then selectively patterned using a mold to form an impression of the waveguide core into the first cladding layer. Next, a core layer is formed by ink-jet printing onto the imprinted first cladding layer with a core material of refractive index N2 (N2>N1). The core layer is subsequently coated by ink jet printing with a second polymer material of refractive index N3 (N3<N2) to form a second cladding, resulting in an optical waveguide. An electrode may be ink jet printed before coating the first cladding material or after coating the second cladding material, or both before and after coating, in order to form active photonic devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: Omega Optics, Inc.
    Inventors: Harish Subbaraman, Ray T. Chen
  • Publication number: 20150086728
    Abstract: A light guide plate includes a first transparent base layer, an adhesive layer and a transparent composite layer. The adhesive layer is configured for bonding the transparent composite layer on the first transparent base layer. The transparent composite layer is located on the adhesive layer, and the transparent composite layer comprising a light emitting surface, the light emitting surface includes a plurality of microstructures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 18, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventor: PO-CHOU CHEN
  • Publication number: 20150086727
    Abstract: A preparing method of a catalyst for a fuel cell includes mixing a nitrogen-containing compound, a metal-containing compound, a carbon support, and a solvent to form a first composition, so that the nitrogen-containing compound and the metal-containing compound are dispersed in the solvent; removing the solvent of the first composition to form a second composition; performing a microwave process on the second composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Chen-Hao Wang, Sun-Tang Chang, Hsiao-Chien Wang
  • Patent number: 8986778
    Abstract: A method for non-destructive evaluation of an article of manufacture (30) by coating the article with a temperature-sensitive coating (34), stimulating the article with energy (18) to induce temperature changes in the article responsive to features of the article, then evaluating (24) a resulting topography of energy-induced changes (50, 52, 53) in the coating (34). The energy imparted to the article may be, for example, electromagnetic, magnetic, or sonic energy that produces localized changes in temperature in the article (30) in response to features (32) of the article such as flaws or other discontinuities. The coating (34) may be a suspension of liquid crystals in a liquid, and the energy may be an application of sonic energy. The coating may be a material that hardens (42, 54) or softens (44, 56) upon a slight increase in temperature. Layers (34, 35) of different energy-sensitive coatings (38, 40) may be applied to indicate different aspects of features of the article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Siemens Energy, Inc.
    Inventor: Paul J. Zombo