Thermal Processes (e.g., Radiant Heat, Infrared, Etc.) Patents (Class 427/557)
  • Patent number: 10516069
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides systems and methods for depositing an alkaline metal layer on an absorber to generate a copper-poor region at a surface of the absorber. The copper-poor region provides an increased efficiency over non-treated absorbers having copper-rich surfaces. The alkaline metal layer may be deposited by any suitable deposition method, such as, for example, a wet deposition method. After the alkaline metal layer is deposited, the absorber is annealed, causing the alkaline metal layer to interact with the absorber to reduce the copper-profile of the absorber at the interface between the alkaline metal layer and the absorber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2019
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shih-Wei Chen
  • Patent number: 9088037
    Abstract: An electrochemically active material is disclosed in which the particles of electrochemically active material have a zeta potential of less than 25 mV in absolute value (?25 mV to 0 mV; 0 mV to 25 mV) as measured in the medium (water and/or organic solvent) in which the particles are dispersed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2015
    Assignee: Bathium Canada Inc.
    Inventors: Patrick Leblanc, Frederic Cotton, Alain Vallee, Edison Men
  • Patent number: 9065053
    Abstract: A donor substrate may include a base layer, a light to heat conversion layer disposed on the base layer, a buffer layer disposed on the light to heat conversion layer, an organic transfer layer disposed on the buffer layer, and a tightening member disposed on a peripheral portion of the organic transfer layer. The tightening member may include an adhesive film having an adhesion strength controlled by an irradiation of an ultraviolet ray. Process failures for manufacturing an organic light emitting display device may be prevented by the donor substrate, so that the organic light emitting display device may ensure improved performances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Ji-Hyun Kang
  • Publication number: 20150125669
    Abstract: This invention concerns a pre-fabricated marking system and a method for producing such a marking system, comprising the steps of a) producing a base layer (4) made of a first meltable composition whereby said first meltable composition comprises a material selected from the group consisting of resin, polymer, filler, softener and plasticizer, b) cooling the so produced base layer (4), c) applicating at least one, wholly or partly covering layer (5) onto the base layer (4) of one or more different second meltable composition(s) whereby said second meltable composition comprises a material selected from the group consisting of resin, polymer, plasticizer and preferably one or more pigments (2,3), and d) solidifying at least the base layer (4).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: VISUTEC AS
    Inventors: Stein Dietrichson, Gunnar Strøm
  • Patent number: 9023436
    Abstract: Methods for depositing material onto microfeature workpieces in reaction chambers and systems for depositing materials onto microfeature workpieces are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, a method includes depositing molecules of a gas onto a microfeature workpiece in the reaction chamber and selectively irradiating a first portion of the molecules on the microfeature workpiece in the reaction chamber with a selected radiation without irradiating a second portion of the molecules on the workpiece with the selected radiation. The first portion of the molecules can be irradiated to activate the portion of the molecules or desorb the portion of the molecules from the workpiece. The first portion of the molecules can be selectively irradiated by impinging the first portion of the molecules with a laser beam or other energy source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Micron Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Ross S. Dando, Dan Gealy
  • Publication number: 20150118413
    Abstract: In a conductive film forming method using photo sintering, a conductive film having low electric resistance is easily formed. Disclosed is a conductive film forming method in which a conductive film is formed using a photo sintering, which includes the steps of: forming a liquid film made of a copper particulate dispersion on a substrate, drying the liquid film to form a copper particulate layer, subjecting the copper particulate layer to photo sintering to form a conductive film, attaching a sintering promoter to the conductive film, and further subjecting the conductive film having the sintering promoter attached to photo sintering. The sintering promoter is a compound which removes copper oxide from metallic copper. Thereby, the sintering promoter removes a surface oxide film of copper particulates in the conductive film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Yuichi Kawato, Kazushige Miyamoto, Yusuke Maeda, Tomio Kudo
  • Publication number: 20150111023
    Abstract: Coating porous material, such as PDMS, with parylene N, C, D, and AF-4 by vapor deposition polymerization is described in which a temperature of the porous material's surface being coated is heated to between 60° C. and 120° C., or 80° C. and 85° C., during deposition. The parylene forms nano roots within the porous material that connect with a conformal surface coating of parylene. In some embodiments, a watertight separation chamber in an integrated microfluidic liquid chromatography device is fabricated by heating tunnels in micro-fabricated PDMS and depositing parylene within the heated tunnels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Yu-Chong Tai, Dongyang Kang
  • Patent number: 8993046
    Abstract: An image sensor is provided. The image sensor includes a pixel sensor, a color filter array comprising a plurality of color filters formed on the pixel sensor, wherein two adjacent color filters have a gap therebetween, and a gapless microlens array comprising a plurality of microlenses formed on the color filter array. The invention also provides a method for fabricating the image sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: VisEra Technologies Company Limited
    Inventor: Po-Shuo Chen
  • Patent number: 8986787
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a coating, in regions, on a substrate, said coating being based on a formulation, in the form of an active color-change motif, which contains bacteriorhodopsin color-changing pigment, and to coatings produced using a method of this type and to articles having coatings of this type. Here, the method comprises the following steps: a) printing of the substrate with the formulation, in the form of a motif, containing bacteriorhodopsin color-changing pigment; b) partial drying of the printed substrate; c) optionally repetition of steps a) and/or b); calendering of the printed and partially dried substrate; e) complete drying of the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: U-NICA Technology AG
    Inventors: Ulrich Ritter, Markus Lange, Samuel Schindler
  • Patent number: 8986778
    Abstract: A method for non-destructive evaluation of an article of manufacture (30) by coating the article with a temperature-sensitive coating (34), stimulating the article with energy (18) to induce temperature changes in the article responsive to features of the article, then evaluating (24) a resulting topography of energy-induced changes (50, 52, 53) in the coating (34). The energy imparted to the article may be, for example, electromagnetic, magnetic, or sonic energy that produces localized changes in temperature in the article (30) in response to features (32) of the article such as flaws or other discontinuities. The coating (34) may be a suspension of liquid crystals in a liquid, and the energy may be an application of sonic energy. The coating may be a material that hardens (42, 54) or softens (44, 56) upon a slight increase in temperature. Layers (34, 35) of different energy-sensitive coatings (38, 40) may be applied to indicate different aspects of features of the article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Siemens Energy, Inc.
    Inventor: Paul J. Zombo
  • Patent number: 8980381
    Abstract: Coating compositions containing resins with dispersed nanoparticle precursors and methods for using said coatings as visual indicators of thermal and impact damage. The nanoparticle precursor/resin system reduces the nanoparticle precursor to its nanoparticle state when subjected to heat and/or physically impacted. The nanoparticles formed impart a color upon the coating at the point of exposure due to surface plasmon resonance. Microencapsulated leuco dyes are utilized to impart color when the coating is struck. The dye within the microcapsule is released as the microcapsule wall bursts or melts. Solubilizing agents can be utilized to improve the solubility of the nanoparticle precursor in the resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Topasol LLC
    Inventors: Uschi M. Graham, Rajesh A. Khatri
  • Publication number: 20150072162
    Abstract: A rapid, scalable methodology for graphene dispersion and concentration with a polymer-organic solvent medium, as can be utilized without centrifugation, to enhance graphene concentration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Mark C. Hersam, Yu Teng Liang, Ethan B. Secor, Pradyumna L. Prabhumirashi, Kanan P. Puntambekar, Michael L. Geier
  • Publication number: 20150056426
    Abstract: The present invention provides novel ink formulations based on metal salts and metal complexes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: YISUM RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT COMPANY OF THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM LTD.
    Inventors: Michael Grouchko, Shlomo Magdassi
  • Publication number: 20150056438
    Abstract: Disclosed are hollow silica particles having oil absorption ratio of at most 0.1 ml/g, porosity of hollow particles when mixed with a resin of at least 90%, and melting temperature of 130-200° C., and including a silicon compound having an organic group as a main component, and a composition including the hollow silica particles. A sheet including a base and a coating layer formed on the base and including a resin, and a method of manufacturing the same are provided. The coating layer includes a plurality of inner cavities, and components of the hollow particles are attached to the inner circumference of the inner cavities. The sheet has good transparency and insulation performance, and the inner cavities may be formed by simply melting hollow particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Hyung Sup Lim, Hyung Jun Lim, Young Cheol Yoo, O Sung Kwon
  • Publication number: 20150050430
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing an integrated metal oxide gas sensor is described including the steps of depositing a composition with metal oxide particles or precursors thereof at the desired location on a substrate including electronic components followed by a step of heating the substrate whereby the heating step is designed such that it creates a local temperature difference between the location of the deposited composition and the location of more temperature sensitive parts of the sensor such as the electronic components and is interrupted before the temperature of the substrate at the location of the electronic components reaches a threshold above which the more sensitive parts can be damaged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Ulrich MUECKE, Lukas BURGI, Felix MAYER
  • Publication number: 20150037566
    Abstract: A laminate having excellent abrasion resistance to physical stimuli such as dust. The laminate comprises a base layer, a hard coat layer and a top coat layer containing flaky metal oxide fine particles all of which are formed in the mentioned order. The flaky metal oxide fine particles are hardened by at least one method selected from the group consisting of ionizing material exposure, ionizing radiation exposure, infrared exposure, microwave exposure and high-temperature vapor exposure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: CENTRAL JAPAN RAILWAY COMPANY
    Inventors: Tatsuya Ekinaka, Takehiro Suga, Toshio Kita, Ryo Nimi, Yuta Toyoshima, Tetsuya Shichi, Daisuke Yoshioka, Makoto Yamashita, Sohei Okazaki, Yuji Kaneko
  • Publication number: 20150034368
    Abstract: An electrode element using a silver nano-wire and a manufacturing method thereof are provided, according to which the electrode element has reinforced bonding of wire unit structures with low-temperature heat treatment and easily applicable as a polymer substrate, while improving haze phenomenon, deteriorating adhesion force of silver nano-wire layer, surface roughness and changing resistance over time. The manufacturing method of electrode element includes steps of forming a silver nano-wire layer on a substrate, coating an organo-metal (OM) compound solution on top of the silver nano-wire layer, reinforcing bonding of junctions formed between wire unit structures with a thermal energy locally generated at the junctions by surface Plasmon, by irradiating light onto the silver nano-wire layer with the OM compound coated thereon, and treating surface by applying sol-gel solution on the silver nano-wire layer treated by the Plasmon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Min-Yang YANG, Seung-a BACK, Geon woo KIM, Jaehak LEE
  • Patent number: 8945685
    Abstract: A method for dying and/or printing adhesive closure parts (10) having a plurality of hooks (12) predominately made of a plastic material connected to a carrier (14), applies a dye medium to the surface (16) of the adhesive closure part (10) or its parts by an application unit (18). Because the dye used is based on a solvent free wax applied by the application unit (18) in a melted form in droplets, bubbles, or pellet form, and enters into a fixed connection to the surface (16) in the cooled, cured state, a wax dye application may be achieved that is markedly colorfast and UV resistant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Gottlieb Binder GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Jan Tuma, Konstantinos Poulakis
  • Patent number: 8945687
    Abstract: Disclosed are a heat transfer medium and a heat transfer method that uses the heat transfer medium. The heat transfer medium comprises a light-transparent substrate coated with a plurality of nano particles. The nano particles absorb light incident thereon to thereby produce heat, which is transferred to a target object to be heated. Nano particles can be applied onto a target object. After heating, the particles are removed by etching. Nano particles can be selectively applied to the light-transparent substrate or directly to a target object to be heat so as to localize heat-production and thus heat selective portions of the target object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seonmi Yoon, Jaeyoung Choi, Hyeon Jin Shin, Jeong Gun Lee, Jongmyeon Park
  • Publication number: 20150030759
    Abstract: A multi-plume pulsed laser deposition (MPPLD) system has been provided for fabrication of an array of diverse materials in predefined regions on a substrate. In one embodiment, the method comprises splitting a high power laser beam into multiple laser beams, split laser beams being focused onto target materials, multiple plumes being generated on the surfaces of target materials, deposition of ablated target materials non-uniformly on a substrate covered with a mask, and heating the substrate during deposition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventor: Xiaojun Zhang
  • Publication number: 20150030817
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a panel, in particular a furniture or floor panel, wherein a decor, preferably a wood imitating decor, is applied to at least one surface of a plate-shaped substrate, and wherein the substrate or the decor is provided with an areal, three-dimensional structure. The method is substantially characterised in that to produce the structure, liquid and/or powdery application material is applied in a single layer or multiple layers to the substrate or the decor, in that the application material applied is solidified in regions by means of at least one digitally controllable device, and in that the device is controlled using structural data present in digital form.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2011
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: FRITZ EGGER GMBH & CO. OG
    Inventors: Andre Wiegelmann, Johann Dürnberger
  • Publication number: 20150024225
    Abstract: A screen printing film and a surface modification method of the same are provided. The method includes providing a substrate having a PVA film on at least one surface of the substrate. The surface of the substrate is modified by generating a heating source and a plasma source, wherein a heating temperature to the substrate is between 100° C. and 500° C. The step of generating the heating source may be prior to, after, or simultaneous with the step of generating the plasma source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Yu-Ting Lin, Kun-Ping Huang, Chih-Chen Chang
  • Patent number: 8936835
    Abstract: A mixture of an elastomer, carbon black, and inorganic fillers provides a highly useful laser-ablatable flexographic printing plate precursor formulation. This formulation is sensitive to infrared radiation. Both flexographic printing plates and printing sleeves can be made using the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Ophira Melamed, Ido Gal, Limor Dahan
  • Publication number: 20150017341
    Abstract: A method and an arrangement are disclosed for producing an electrically conductive pattern on a surface. Electrically conductive solid particles are transferred onto an area of predetermined form on a surface of a substrate. The electrically conductive solid particles are heated to a temperature that is higher than a characteristic melting point of the electrically conductive solid particles, thus creating a melt. The melt is pressed against the substrate in a nip, wherein a surface temperature of a portion of the nip that comes against the melt is lower than said characteristic melting point.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Petri Sirviö, Juha Maijala
  • Patent number: 8927067
    Abstract: An infrared ray cut-off material is formed of phosphorus-doped antimony tin oxide powder, in which a content of antimony in terms of SbO2 is not less than 14 parts by mass and not more than 30 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the infrared ray cut-off material, a content of phosphorus in terms of PO2.5 is not less than 1 part by mass and not more than 25 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the infrared ray cut-off material, and a balance other than antinomy oxide and phosphorus oxide is tin oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignees: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, Mitsubishi Materials Electronic Chemicals Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Motohiko Yoshizumi, Akira Nakabayashi
  • Publication number: 20140377478
    Abstract: A method of making a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) includes forming a first sublayer of a first electrode on a first side of a planar solid oxide electrolyte and drying the first sublayer of the first electrode. The method also includes forming a second sublayer of the first electrode on the dried first sublayer of the first electrode prior to firing the first sublayer of the first electrode, firing the first and second sublayers of the first electrode during the same first firing step, and forming a second electrode on a second side of the solid oxide electrolyte.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Emad El Batawi, Patrick Munoz, Dien Nguyen
  • Publication number: 20140370310
    Abstract: An object is to provide the formulation of a copper particulate dispersion in which copper particulates are dispersed. The copper particulate dispersion includes copper particulates, at least one kind of a dispersion vehicle containing the copper particulates, and at least one kind of dispersant which allows the copper particulates to disperse in the dispersion vehicle. The copper particulates have a center particle diameter of 1 nm or more and less than 100 nm. The dispersion vehicle is a polar dispersion vehicle. The dispersant is a compound having at least one acidic functional group, which has a molecular weight of 200 or more and 100,000 or less, or a salt thereof. Whereby, the dispersant has compatibility with dispersion vehicle and a surface of copper particulates is coated with dispersant molecules, and thus the copper particulates are dispersed in the dispersion vehicle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2012
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicants: APPLIED NANOTECH HOLDINGS, INC., ISHIHARA CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yuichi Kawato, Yusuke Maeda, Tomio Kudo
  • Patent number: 8906470
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing a microfabricated atomic vapor cell, including a step of forming at least one cavity in a substrate and closing the cavity at one side. The method further includes: —a step of depositing a solution including an alkali metal azide dissolved in at least one of its solvents, —a step of evaporating such solvent for forming a recrystallized alkali metal azide, —a step of decomposing the recrystallized alkali metal azide in an alkali metal and nitrogen, such alkali metal depositing in the cavity of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: CSEM Centre Suisse d'Electronique et de Microtechnique SA—Recherche et Developpment
    Inventors: Thomas Overstolz, Jacques Haesler, Vladislav Spassov
  • Publication number: 20140356546
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for a deposition system are provided to deposit a thin coating layer on flat substrates, such as semiconductors or panels. In an embodiment, liquid supplied rollers accepting liquid media provide liquid chemicals to the substrates for coating the substrates. The liquid delivery system can control the flow and the pressure of the liquid to achieve optimum process condition with minimum excess waste. In another embodiment, rollers with non-uniform distribution of liquid media provide a non-uniform thickness profile on the substrates, which can be used to compensate for the non-uniformity of subsequent processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 4, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: Dynamic Micro Systems, Semiconductor Equipment GmbH
    Inventors: Lutz Rebstock, Klaus Conrad Wolke
  • Patent number: 8900675
    Abstract: One embodiment of the present invention is a deposition method for forming a layer 13a containing a deposition material on a deposition target surface of a second substrate, comprising the steps of forming an absorbing layer 12 over one surface of a first substrate 11; forming a material layer 13 containing the deposition material over the absorbing layer; performing first heat treatment on the material layer from the other surface of the first substrate to a temperature lower than the sublimation temperature of the deposition material so as to remove an impurity 14 in the material layer 13; disposing the one surface of the first substrate and the deposition target surface of the second substrate to face each other; and performing second heat treatment on the material layer from the other surface of the first substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignees: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd., Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Takahiro Ibe, Tomoya Aoyama, Rena Tsuruoka, Satoshi Inoue, Tohru Sonoda
  • Publication number: 20140342137
    Abstract: A flexible metal clad laminate includes a metal foil, and a multilayered polyimide film including a first polyimide layer having a glass transition temperature of 300° C. or less and disposed on the metal foil, a second polyimide layer disposed on the first polyimide layer and a third polyimide layer disposed on the second polyimide layer. According to the flexible metal clad laminate of the present invention, appearance defects such as blistering generated during curing process in a continuous curing machine using an infrared heat source may be solved, interlayer delamination may be prevented due to a good adhesion strength with a metal layer, and an ACF bonding strength and a dimensional stability may be good. The flexible metal clad laminate may be useful for the manufacturing of a flexible printed circuit boards.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: Ho Sub Kim, Yong Seok Lee, Weon Jung Choi, Dae Nyoun Kim, Young Do Kim
  • Publication number: 20140308460
    Abstract: Provided is a conductive pattern formation method capable of improving conductivity of a conductive pattern. An ink layer 12 is formed by printing a composition (ink) containing metal oxide particles and a reducing agent, and/or metal particles, on a surface of a substrate 10 and the ink layer 12 is heated by photo irradiation or microwave irradiation so that conductivity is expressed on the heated portion and the ink layer 12 is converted into a conductive layer 14. Metal particles and/or metal oxide particles are heated quickly in a short time and air bubbles are generated during photo irradiation or microwave irradiation and voids are generated inside the conductive layer 14, and thus the conductive layer 14 is pressurized by an appropriate pressing machine 16 to crush the voids to improve conductivity of the conductive layer 14 before obtaining a conductive pattern 18.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: SHOWA DENKO K.K.
    Inventor: Hiroshi Uchida
  • Patent number: 8852696
    Abstract: Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) processes include, in one embodiment, a method for processing a wafer within a vapor deposition reactor comprising heating at least one wafer disposed on a wafer carrier by exposing a lower surface of the wafer carrier to radiation emitted from a lamp assembly and flowing a liquid through a passageway extending throughout the reactor to maintain the reactor lid assembly at a predetermined temperature, such as within a range from about 275° C. to about 325° C. The method further includes traversing the wafer carrier along a wafer carrier track through at least a chamber containing a showerhead assembly and an isolator assembly and another chamber containing a showerhead assembly and an exhaust assembly, and removing gases from the reactor through the exhaust assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Alta Devices, Inc.
    Inventors: Gang He, Gregg Higashi, Khurshed Sorabji, Roger Hamamjy, Andreas Hegedus
  • Patent number: 8852746
    Abstract: A substrate coating and a method of forming the same are provided. The substrate coating includes a first layer formed on a substrate, in which the composition of the first layer includes at least silicon-rich-carbon, and the amount of silicon is about equal to or greater than the amount of carbon; and a second layer formed on the first layer, in which the composition of the second layer includes at least fluorine doped diamond-like-carbon. The substrate coating not only is easy to clean, has good wearing performance, and provides a smooth surface, but also has better adhesion to prevent peeling off.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Winsky Technology Limited
    Inventors: Kit Ling Ng, Xin Chao Duan, Po Ching Chan, Winston Chan
  • Publication number: 20140295178
    Abstract: Provided is a process for producing satisfactory particles held in porous silica. The process comprises (a) the step of preparing porous silica, (b) the step of bringing the porous silica into contact with a liquid which contains either a metal or a compound that has the metal as a component element and infiltrating the liquid into the pores of the porous silica, and (c) the step of subjecting, after the step (b), the impregnated porous silica to a heat treatment to thereby form fine particles comprising the metal or the metal compound in the pores of the porous silica. When porous silica is synthesized by hydrolyzing an alkoxysilane in a solvent-free system, it is possible to synthesize porous silica having a fine pore diameter. Use of this porous silica as a template facilitates formation of particles (e.g., W, Cu, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, or Ni or an oxide of any of these metals) that show peculiar properties not observed in the bulk material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Tokyo Metropolitan Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Hiroto Watanabe, Hiroaki Imai, Yuya Oaki
  • Publication number: 20140295095
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for the continuous powder coating of a non-conductive profile produced in a continuous forming process, such as pultrusion or extrusion, such that the profile is powder coated while on the profile forming machine and before the subject segment of the continuous profile is severed from the continuous profile on the forming machine (i.e. in-line).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: Robert Langlois, Jeffrey Sugar, Gary Sugar
  • Publication number: 20140287156
    Abstract: Membranes of the invention comprise a hybrid silica film on a organic polymer support. The silica comprises organic bridging groups bound to two or more silicon atoms, in particular at least 1 of said organic bridging groups per 10 silicon atoms. The membranes can be produced by dry chemistry processes, in particular plasma-enhanced vapour deposition of bridged silane precursors, or by wet chemistry involving hydrolysis of the bridged silane precursors. The membranes are inexpensive and efficient for separation of small molecules and filtration processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: Robert Kreiter, Mariadriana Creatore, Folker Petrus Cuperus, Jaap Ferdinand Vente, Patrick Herve Tchoua Ngamou
  • Publication number: 20140268002
    Abstract: A pattern phase difference film is manufactured by a process including a laminate body formation step of applying a pattern alignment layer composition on a substrate to form a laminate body, a heat-drying layer formation step of heat-drying the composition to form a heat-dried layer, a pattern alignment layer formation step of irradiating a polarization pattern onto the heat-dried layer to form a pattern alignment layer, and a phase difference layer formation step of forming a phase difference layer including a rod-shaped compound on the pattern alignment layer. During the steps between the heat-drying layer formation step and the phase difference layer formation step, the heat-dried layer and the pattern alignment layer are exposed to the air for four hours or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Yuya Inomata, Kumiko Kambara, Masanori Fukuda, Hideki Usuki, Keiji Kashima, Kazuki Yamada
  • Publication number: 20140272191
    Abstract: Aspects relate to systems and methods for dispensing paint uniformly on pliable items. The system comprises at least one paint application device having at least one nozzle, at least one infrared heating unit, and a conveyance mechanism. Other aspects of the system will also comprise a mask exchanger, a mask cleaner, and/or at least one base jig. The base jig retains a masked pliable item having exposed and covered portions. The base jig moves on a conveyance mechanism through a series of paint application devices and infrared heating units. Each paint application device dispenses a thin layer of paint on the exposed portions of the masked pliable item and each infrared heating unit heats the thin layer of paint to create a solid base for a next layer of paint.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Nike, Inc.
    Inventors: Guo-Chang Wang, Patrick Conall Regan, Shih-Yuan Wu, Kuo-Hung Lee, Wen-Ru Chang
  • Patent number: 8834974
    Abstract: The system (10) includes at least one elastomeric, vulcanizable ink (18) that defines a decorative decal image (20). The decal image (20) has perimeter edges (22) and a display area (24) extending between the perimeter edges (22). The vulcanizable ink is vulcanized upon a carrier sheet (12). A heat-activated adhesive layer (26) is applied to overlie the display area (24) of the decal image (20), and the heat-activated adhesive layer (26) is also partially activated upon the display area (24) of the decal image (20). The decorative decal image (20) having the partially activated adhesive layer (26) is then thermally transferable to a vulcanized rubber product (28) such as a side wall (30) of an automotive tire (32), after which the carrier sheet (12) is removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Inventors: Keith George Ferry, Jason Michael Busch
  • Patent number: 8828501
    Abstract: A coating solution is applied to a web to form a coating layer. Then the web is transported into a drying apparatus, in which a guide roller guides the web such that an angle of the web to a horizontal direction is smaller downstream from the guide roller. The angles at entrance and exit of the drying apparatus are named entrance and exit angles ?1, ?3, respectively, and satisfy a condition ?1>?3. The coating layer has the temperature T1 at the entrance, the temperature T2 at the exit, and the temperature T3 in the drying apparatus. The differences |T2?T1| and |T3?T1| are at most 5° C. In the drying apparatus, as the organic solvent evaporates uniformly, the generation of the unevenness is reduced. Thereafter, the drying is made at the large drying speed in the blow-drying apparatus to obtain a film product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Oki, Takeshi Kitaoka
  • Patent number: 8828503
    Abstract: A method of making a multi-layer micro-wire structure includes providing a substrate having a surface and forming a plurality of micro-channels in the surface. A first material composition is located in a first layer only in each micro-channel and not on the surface. A second material composition different from the first material composition is located in a second layer different from the first layer only in each micro-channel and not on the surface. The first material composition in the first layer and the second material composition in the second layer form an electrically conductive multi-layer micro-wire in each micro-channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Hwei-Ling Yau, David Paul Trauernicht, John Andrew Lebens, Yongcai Wang, Ronald Steven Cok
  • Patent number: 8828502
    Abstract: A method of making a conductive article includes depositing on a substrate a metal nanoparticle composition having water, silver nanoparticles dispersed in the water and a water-soluble polymer having both carboxylic acid and sulfonic acid groups. The weight percentage of silver in the composition is greater than 10%. The metal nanoparticle composition is dried. The dried metal nanoparticle composition is converted to improve the electrical conductivity of the dried metal nanoparticle composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Yongcai Wang, Paul Matthew Hoderlein, John Andrew Lebens, Hwei-Ling Yau, David Paul Trauernicht
  • Publication number: 20140242297
    Abstract: A method of making a multi-layer micro-wire structure includes providing a substrate having a surface and forming a plurality of micro-channels in the surface. A first material composition is located in a first layer only in each micro-channel and not on the surface. A second material composition different from the first material composition is located in a second layer different from the first layer only in each micro-channel and not on the surface. The first material composition in the first layer and the second material composition in the second layer form an electrically conductive multi-layer micro-wire in each micro-channel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Inventors: Hwei-Ling Yau, David Paul Trauenicht, John Andrew Lebens, Yongcai Wang, Ronald Steven Cok
  • Publication number: 20140237817
    Abstract: Methods are provided for making layers with nano-and micro-patterned topographies by laser action or inkjet printing on a first surface. These topographies have a periodicity of 5 nm to 500 ?m in a first direction in the plane of the first surface. These layers can be used as anisotropically patterned alignment layers in electro-optical devices and generate an orientational order of at least 0.30.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2014
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: HPO Assets LLC
    Inventors: Anita Trajkovska-Broach, David Boyd, Dan Chambers, Joseph O. Branham
  • Patent number: 8815352
    Abstract: One embodiment of the present invention is a film forming method including the steps of forming an absorption layer 12 over one surface of a first substrate 11; forming a layer 16 containing a high molecular compound over the absorption layer; removing an impurity in the layer containing the high molecular compound by performing a first heat treatment on the layer 16; forming a material layer 18 containing a first film formation material and a second film formation material over the layer 16; performing a second heat treatment to form a mixed layer 19 in which the material layer and the layer 16 are mixed over the absorption layer; and performing third heat treatment to form a layer 19a containing the first film formation material and the second film formation material on a film-formation target surface of a second substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignees: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd., Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Tomoya Aoyama, Hisao Ikeda, Satoshi Inoue, Tohru Sonoda
  • Patent number: 8808787
    Abstract: The formation in quantity of various different populations of a substance being studied with multiple combinations of distribution form and distribution density by dripping a suspension of a single concentration of the substance onto a masking member of a certain specified structure placed on a substrate by making use of the sedimentation of said substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Japan Science and Technology Agency
    Inventors: Koji Ikuta, Masashi Ikeuchi
  • Patent number: 8802199
    Abstract: An apparatus for applying segmented ceramic coatings includes means for supporting and moving one or more substrates; one or more heat sources disposed proximate to one or more substrates, wherein at least one of the heat sources is positioned to apply a heat stream to pre-heat a thermal gradient zone on a surface of a substrate; a material deposition device disposed proximate to one or more heat sources, wherein the material deposition device is positioned to deposit a material on a deposition area located behind the thermal gradient zone on the surface; and means for monitoring a surface temperature of one or more substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Christopher W. Strock, Charles G. Davis
  • Publication number: 20140220259
    Abstract: A method of making a conductive article includes depositing on a substrate a metal nanoparticle composition having water, silver nanoparticles dispersed in the water and a water-soluble polymer having both carboxylic acid and sulfonic acid groups. The weight percentage of silver in the composition is greater than 10%. The metal nanoparticle composition is dried. The dried metal nanoparticle composition is converted to improve the electrical conductivity of the dried metal nanoparticle composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Inventors: Yongcai Wang, Paul Matthew Hoderlein, John Andrew Lebens, Hwei-Ling Yau, David Paul Trauernicht
  • Publication number: 20140216643
    Abstract: A method of heating includes a process of forming a layer to be heated on one surface of a light absorption layer; and a process of heating the light absorption layer by irradiating light onto the other surface of the light absorption layer. The other surface of the light absorption layer is a surface opposite to the one surface of the light absorption layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: RICOH COMPANY, LTD.
    Inventor: Xianfeng CHEN