Oxide Patents (Class 428/629)
  • Patent number: 11987863
    Abstract: A plated steel sheet includes: a steel sheet; and a plating layer that is formed on at least a part of a surface of the steel sheet, in which a chemical composition of the plating layer includes, b mass %, Al: 6.00% to 35.00 %, Mg: 3.00% to 15.00%, La+Ce: 0.0001% to 0.5000% in total, and Zn, and in a surface of the plating layer, the area ratio of a lamellar structure in which an (Al—Zn) phase and a MgZn2 phase are arranged in layers is 10% to 95%, the lamellar spacing of the lamellar structure is 2.5 ?m or less, and the area ratio of an (Al—Zn) dendrite is 10% or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2024
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takuya Mitsunobu, Takehiro Takahashi, Hiroshi Takebayashi
  • Patent number: 11973003
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a ceramic metal circuit board is a ceramic metal circuit board formed by bonding metal circuit plates to at least one surface of a ceramic substrate. At least one of the metal circuit plates has an area of not less than 100 mm2 and includes a concave portion having a depth of not less than 0.02 mm within a range of 1% to 70% of a surface of the at least one of the metal circuit plates. The concave portion is provided not less than 3 mm inside from an end of the metal circuit plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2023
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2024
    Assignees: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA, TOSHIBA MATERIALS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takayuki Naba, Keiichi Yano, Hiromasa Kato
  • Patent number: 11951708
    Abstract: A creping blade and a preparation method thereof are provided. The creping blade comprises a base, wherein a wear-resistant coating is provided on the top of the base, and a protective layer is arranged below the wear-resistant coating at the contact point between the creping blade and a dryer, and the hardness of the protective layer is lower than that of the surface of the dryer of a paper machine. The creping blade of the invention is advantageous in that the friction portion of working surface has an unlimited area and has a high wear-resistant coating, and the paper impact portion has high wear resistance and high impact resistance, so that the creping blade has a long service life, which can be several times or even tens of times that of the common steel creping blade.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2024
    Assignee: Ganzhou En Chuang Technology Company Limited
    Inventors: Jing Zhou, Zichao Zhou
  • Patent number: 11948719
    Abstract: A nanomagnetic inductor core that includes: a porous, electrically-insulating template having high-permeability material in the pores thereof to constitute elongated nanowires, and wherein the elongated nanowires are segmented along their axial direction; and a segment of dielectric material interposed between adjacent segments of the high-permeability material along the axial direction of the nanowire; wherein each segment of the high-permeability material has a length, in the axial direction of the nanowire, no greater than a size of a single magnetic domain, and wherein a maximal cross-sectional dimension of the nanowire is no greater than the size of the single magnetic domain. Inductors and LC interposers using such nanomagnetic inductor cores, as well as associated fabrication methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2022
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2024
    Assignee: MURATA MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Frédéric Voiron, Mohamed Mehdi Jatlaoui, Julien El Sabahy
  • Patent number: 11846030
    Abstract: A corrosion resistant bimetal includes a part and one or more sacrificial anodes. The part includes a metal component that is susceptible to corrosion. The sacrificial anodes consists of an attachment to the part through a metallic bond between the metal component and the sacrificial anode to form a crystalline solid that includes the sacrificial anode and the metal component of the part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2021
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2023
    Assignee: United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: Stephen Charles Cox
  • Patent number: 11786365
    Abstract: A prosthetic tissue valve and a method of treating the prosthetic tissue valve are provided. The method includes: decreasing a temperature of a chamber carrying the prosthetic tissue valve from a first preset temperature to a second preset temperature in a first cooling rate; decreasing the temperature of the chamber carrying the prosthetic tissue valve from the second preset temperature to a third preset temperature in a second cooling rate; and performing a drying process to the prosthetic tissue valve. The second preset temperature is a critical crystallization temperature and is greater than a crystallization temperature of the prosthetic tissue valve. The third preset temperature is lower than the crystallization temperature of the prosthetic tissue valve, and the second cooling rate is greater than the first cooling rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2023
    Assignee: PEIJIA MEDICAL (SUZHOU) CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kongrong Karl Pan, Yi Zhang, Kun Zhang, Yongjian Wu, Mao Chen, Yida Tang
  • Patent number: 11792930
    Abstract: A wiring substrate includes an insulating substrate, a conductor and an Ni film. The insulating substrate has a first surface and a second surface on a side opposite the first surface, and contains AlN. The conductor is disposed on the first surface and contains Cu. The Ni film is disposed so as to extend across an upper surface and a side surface of the conductor to the first surface. Ti oxide is scattered so as to be at a plurality of points on the first surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2023
    Assignee: Kyocera Corporation
    Inventors: Yuki Takeshima, Yoshihiro Hosoi
  • Patent number: 11785854
    Abstract: A film structure includes a substrate (11) which is a silicon substrate including an upper surface (11a) composed of a (100) plane, an alignment film (12) which is formed on the upper surface (11a) and includes a zirconium oxide film which has a cubic crystal structure and is (100)-oriented, and a conductive film (13) which is formed on the alignment film (12) and includes a platinum film which has a cubic crystal structure and is (100)-oriented. An average interface roughness of an interface (IF1) between the alignment film (12) and the conductive film (13) is greater than an average interface roughness of an interface (IF2) between the substrate (11) and the alignment film (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2023
    Assignee: I-PEX PIEZO SOLUTIONS INC.
    Inventors: Takeshi Kijima, Yasuaki Hamada
  • Patent number: 11742495
    Abstract: A solid oxide electrochemical cell includes a solid oxide electrolyte, an anode located on a first side of the solid oxide electrolyte, and a cathode located on a second side of the solid oxide electrolyte. The cathode includes lanthanum nickel ferrite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2022
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2023
    Assignee: BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventor: Tad Armstrong
  • Patent number: 11719439
    Abstract: A dual wall liner for a gas turbine engine may comprise a shell having a first side and a second side, a panel contacting the shell, the panel at least partially defining a hot gas path through which a hot gas flows, wherein the first side of the shell faces the panel, wherein the shell includes a thermal barrier coating (TBC) disposed on the first side of the shell. The TBC may thermally protect the shell from heat from a hot gas path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2023
    Assignee: Raythehon Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Carey Clum, Dennis M Moura
  • Patent number: 11688712
    Abstract: A semiconductor arrangement includes a semiconductor substrate having a dielectric insulation layer and at least a first metallization layer arranged on a first side of the dielectric insulation layer. The first metallization layer includes at least two sections, each section being separated from a neighboring section by a recess. A semiconductor body is arranged on one of the sections of the first metallization layer. At least one indentation is arranged between a first side of the semiconductor body and a closest edge of the respective section of the first metallization layer. A distance between the first side and the closest edge of the section of the first metallization layer is between 0.5 mm and 5 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2023
    Assignee: Infineon Technologies AG
    Inventor: Olaf Hohlfeld
  • Patent number: 11682425
    Abstract: A ring-shaped glass spacer is configured to be arranged in contact with a magnetic disk in a hard disk drive apparatus. A surface resistivity of a surface of a glass material of the glass spacer at 22 (° C.) is lower than a surface resistivity of an inner portion of the glass material at 22 (° C.).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2021
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2023
    Assignee: HOYA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinji Eda, Kinobu Osakabe, Yoshitake Tanno, Mikio Ikenishi
  • Patent number: 11661664
    Abstract: A thin-walled metal part, and a method to fabricate such a part out of various alloys. A plurality of layers are formed, each of the layers being formed on a polymer template or on a previously formed layer. A homogenizing heat treatment is used to cause chemical elements in the layers to interdiffuse, to form a single continuous layer with a substantially uniform alloy composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2023
    Assignee: HRL Laboratories, LLC
    Inventors: Tobias A. Schaedler, John H. Martin
  • Patent number: 11649534
    Abstract: A composite aluminum alloy plate for a case of an electronic product contains: a first aluminum alloy plate and a second aluminum alloy plate. The first aluminum alloy plate is made of first aluminum alloy material, and the second aluminum alloy plate is made of second aluminum alloy material. The first aluminum alloy material is selected from any one of 6XXX series aluminum alloy to 8XXX series aluminum alloy, and the second aluminum alloy material is selected from any one of 1XXX series aluminum alloy to 5XXX series aluminum alloy. The first and second aluminum alloy plates are stacked and compounded by hot rolling so as to produce the composite aluminum alloy plate having an external layer, an intermediate layer, and an internal layer. Thereafter, the composite aluminum alloy plate is laminated by cold rolling and is stabilized in a tempering treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2023
    Assignee: HUANG-CHIEH METAL COMPOSITE MATERIAL TECH. CO., LT
    Inventor: Chin-Han Wang
  • Patent number: 11631504
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides insulated electrical conductors, e.g., wires, and methods for producing such insulated electrical conductors to combat partial discharge by enhancing bond strength between the electrical conductor and a base insulating thermoplastic layer (e.g., including a PAEK). Such insulated electrical conductors can include: an electrical conductor; an insulating coating on at least a portion of a surface of the electrical conductor; and an oxide layer between the electrical conductor and the insulating coating. Methods for producing such insulated electrical conductors can involve extrusion of an insulating polymer onto the electrical conductor under ambient atmosphere and a subsequent heat treatment step, which can also be conducted under ambient atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2021
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2023
    Assignee: Zeus Company Inc.
    Inventors: Zeth Eberling, Richard Crowley, Brian R. Tomblin
  • Patent number: 11594467
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a ceramic metal circuit board is a ceramic metal circuit board formed by bonding metal circuit plates to at least one surface of a ceramic substrate. At least one of the metal circuit plates has an area of not less than 100 mm2 and includes a concave portion having a depth of not less than 0.02 mm within a range of 1% to 70% of a surface of the at least one of the metal circuit plates. The concave portion is provided not less than 3 mm inside from an end of the metal circuit plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2023
    Assignees: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA, TOSHIBA MATERIALS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takayuki Naba, Keiichi Yano, Hiromasa Kato
  • Patent number: 11549190
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to an aluminum member including a mother material containing aluminum or an aluminum alloy, and an anodic oxide film on the surface of the mother material. The anodic oxide film has a barrier layer on the surface of the mother material, and a porous layer on the barrier layer), and the BET specific surface area of the anodic oxide film is 0.1 to 10.0 m2/g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2021
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2023
    Assignee: UACJ CORPORATION
    Inventors: Syu Saito, Junji Nunomura
  • Patent number: 11530485
    Abstract: The present disclosure belongs to the field of preparation technology and provides an ultralimit alloy and a preparation method therefor. The ultralimit alloy comprises an alloy matrix. A bonding layer and a ceramic layer are successively deposited on a surface of the alloy matrix. The alloy matrix includes one of a magnesium alloy matrix, an aluminium alloy matrix, a titanium alloy matrix, an iron alloy matrix, a nickel alloy matrix, a copper alloy matrix, a zirconium alloy, and a tin alloy. For an ultralimit magnesium alloy, an ultralimit aluminium alloy, an ultralimit nickel alloy, an ultralimit titanium alloy, an ultralimit iron alloy and an ultralimit copper alloy, the bonding layer is a composite bonding layer, the ceramic layer is a composite ceramic layer, and the outside of the composite ceramic layer is further successively deposited with a reflecting layer, a catadioptric layer, an insulating layer and a carbon foam layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2022
    Assignee: KUNMING UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Jing Feng, Fushuo Wu, Qi Zheng, Kailong Yang, Chao Li, Peng Song, Xiaoyu Chong, Zhenhua Ge, Lin Chen, Jun Wang
  • Patent number: 11434816
    Abstract: A thermal barrier coating for an internal combustion engine includes an insulating thermal spray coating, where a chosen material of the insulating thermal spray coating has a thermal conductivity lower than 2 W/mK in fully dense form and the chosen material includes a coefficient of thermal expansion within 5 ppm/K of a coefficient of thermal expansion of a material of a component of the internal combustion engine upon which the coating is placed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2021
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2022
    Inventors: Eric Jordan, Chen Jiang, Rishi Kumar, Balakrishnan Nair
  • Patent number: 11384430
    Abstract: A method for conditioning ceramic coating on a part for use in a plasma processing chamber is provided. The ceramic coating is wetted with a solution, wherein the solution is formed by mixing a solvent with an electrolyte, wherein from 1% to 10% of the electrolyte dissociates in the solution. The ceramic coating is blasted with particles. The ceramic coating is rinsed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2022
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Hong Shih, Xiaomin Bin, Duane Outka, Eric A. Pape, Gregory A. Pilgrim, Girish M. Hundi, Cliff La Croix
  • Patent number: 11224890
    Abstract: When a slurry s obtained by dispersing a rare-earth-compound powder in a solvent is applied to sintered magnet bodies m, and dried to remove the solvent in the slurry and cause the surfaces of the sintered magnet bodies to be coated with the powder, and the sintered magnet bodies coated with the powder are heat treated to cause the rare-earth element to be absorbed by the sintered magnet bodies, the sintered magnet bodies m are warmed or heated before the slurry s is applied. As a result, the rare-earth-compound powder can be efficiently and uniformly applied to the surfaces of the sintered magnet bodies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2022
    Assignee: SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yukihiro Kuribayashi, Shogo Kamiya, Harukazu Maegawa, Shintaro Tanaka
  • Patent number: 11098899
    Abstract: A dual wall liner for a gas turbine engine may comprise a shell having a first side and a second side, a panel contacting the shell, the panel at least partially defining a hot gas path through which a hot gas flows, wherein the first side of the shell faces the panel, wherein the shell includes a thermal barrier coating (TBC) disposed on the first side of the shell. The TBC may thermally protect the shell from heat from a hot gas path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2021
    Assignee: RAYTHEON TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Carey Clum, Dennis M Moura
  • Patent number: 10987695
    Abstract: A hot-dip zinc-based plated steel sheet includes: a base steel sheet that is a metal substrate; a hot-dip zinc-based plating layer provided on the base steel sheet; and a surface treatment layer formed on at least one surface of the hot-dip zinc-based plating layer, in which the surface treatment layer contains more than or equal to 0.1 g/m2 and less than or equal to 1.2 g/m2 of granular oxide per one surface on a metal basis in which, in a temperature range of 900 to 1300 K, standard free energy of formation (?G0) of oxide is smaller than standard free energy of formation (?G0Zn) of zinc oxide and larger than standard free energy of formation (?G0Al) of aluminum oxide at an identical temperature, and the granular oxide has a particle size of more than or equal to 3 nm and less than or equal to 100 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Koji Akioka, Yasuaki Kawamura, Akihiro Sengoku
  • Patent number: 10991481
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides insulated electrical conductors, e.g., wires, and methods for producing such insulated electrical conductors to combat partial discharge by enhancing bond strength between the electrical conductor and a base insulating thermoplastic layer (e.g., including a PAEK). Such insulated electrical conductors can include: an electrical conductor; an insulating coating on at least a portion of a surface of the electrical conductor; and an oxide layer between the electrical conductor and the insulating coating. Methods for producing such insulated electrical conductors can involve extrusion of an insulating polymer onto the electrical conductor under ambient atmosphere and a subsequent heat treatment step, which can also be conducted under ambient atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: Zeus Industrial Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Zeth Eberling, Richard Crowley, Brian R. Tomblin
  • Patent number: 10858741
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an article comprising one or more channels and a multi-layer protective coating on the one or more channels. The multi-layer protective coating includes an anodization layer comprising a plurality of cracks and a plurality of pores, a sealing layer on the anodization layer, and a top layer on the sealing layer. The sealing layer comprises a metal oxide, the seals the plurality of cracks and the plurality of pores, and has a porosity of approximately 0%. The top layer comprises a rare earth oxide, a rare earth fluoride, or a rare earth oxyfluoride, has a different material composition than the sealing layer, and has a porosity of approximately 0%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2020
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Xiao-Ming He, Jennifer Y. Sun
  • Patent number: 10640840
    Abstract: An HPF molding member having a melted aluminum plating layer formed on the surface of a base steel sheet and excellent delamination resistance. The base steel sheet comprises: 0.18-0.25% by weight of C; 0.1-1.0% by weight of Si; 0.9-1.5% by weight of Mn; 0.03% by weight or less of P; 0.01% by weight or less of S; 0.01-0.05% by weight of Al; 0.05-0.5% by weight of Cr; 0.01-0.05% by weight of Ti; 0.001-0.005% by weight of B; 0.009% by weight or less of N; and the balance Fe and other impurities. The plating layer consists of a soft diffusion layer and a hard alloy layer, the hard alloy layer having a tau layer irregularly and non-continuously dispersed and distributed on the inside thereof at 10% or more of the entire area fraction. The difference in hardness between the alloy layer and the diffusion layer is 400 (Hv) or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventors: Heung-Yun Kim, Il-Ryoung Sohn, Dae-Chul Bae
  • Patent number: 10590558
    Abstract: Techniques for forming an enclosure comprised of an aluminum alloy are disclosed. In some embodiments, aluminum ions and metal element ions can be dissolved in a non-aqueous ionic liquid in an electrolytic plating bath. A reverse pulsed electric current can facilitate in co-depositing the aluminum ions and the metal element ions onto a metal substrate. The resulting aluminum alloy layer can include nanocrystalline structures, which can impart the alloy layer with increased hardness and increased resistance to scratching, corrosion, and abrasion. In some embodiments, the metal element ion is chromium and the aluminum alloy layer includes a chromium oxide passivation layer formed via a passivation process. Subsequent to the passivation process, the formation of the chromium oxide layer does not impart a change in color to the aluminum alloy layer. In some embodiments, hafnium ions are co-deposited with aluminum ions to form an aluminum hafnium alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: XTALIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Evgeniya Freydina, Joshua Garth Abbott, Alan C. Lund, Robert Daniel Hilty, Shiyun Ruan, Jason Reese, Lisa J. Chan, James A. Wright, James A. Curran
  • Patent number: 10590514
    Abstract: Techniques for forming an enclosure comprised of aluminum zirconium alloy layer are disclosed. In some embodiments, aluminum ions and zirconium ions can be dissolved in a non-aqueous ionic liquid in an electrolytic plating bath. A reverse pulsed electric current can facilitate in co-depositing the aluminum ions and the zirconium ions onto a metal substrate. The resulting aluminum zirconium alloy layer can include nanocrystalline grain structures, which can impart the alloy layer with increased hardness and increased resistance to scratching, denting, and abrasion. In some embodiments, the aluminum zirconium alloy layer can be anodized to form an aluminum oxide layer. Subsequent to the anodization operation, the oxidized layer is able to retain its substantially neutral color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: XTALIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Evgeniya Freydina, Joshua Garth Abbott, Alan C. Lund, Robert Daniel Hilty, Shiyun Ruan, Jason Reese, Lisa J. Chan, James A. Wright, James A. Curran
  • Patent number: 10443653
    Abstract: A sliding member having a supporting layer composed of an iron-based metallic material and a sliding layer formed on a surface of the supporting layer and composed of a copper-based metallic material. The surface of the supporting layer and the sliding layer have non-flat surfaces. A sliding surface having a non-flat surface is formed on the surface of the sliding layer. The sliding layer is formed on the roughened surface of the supporting layer by thermal spraying. The surface of the sliding layer is then subjected to a shot blasting treatment to form the sliding surface which has an uneven surface having an arithmetic average roughness (Ra) of more than 0 ?m and 2.0 ?m or less, a ten-point average roughness (Rz) of more than 0 ?m and 7.5 ?m or less and a surface hardness (Hv) of 150-250, and which slidably supports an object to be slid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: Senju Metal Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoshi Masuda, Takashi Akagawa, Naoki Sato, Ryoichi Kurata
  • Patent number: 9711665
    Abstract: A color converter comprising at least one layer comprising at least one organic fluorescent colorant and at least one barrier layer having a low permeability to oxygen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Gerhard Wagenblast, Martin Koenemann, Sorin Ivanovici, Gerardus De Keyzer, Robert Send
  • Patent number: 9611530
    Abstract: The invention relates to a steel part coated with a compound consisting, over more than 90% of its thickness, of at least one Fe/Zn-based phase, the iron weight content of which is equal to 65% or higher and the Fe/Zn ratio of which is between 1.9 and 4, said compound being formed by at least one heat treatment for alloying between said steel and a precoat, said precoat consisting of a zinc alloy comprising, the contents being expressed by weight, between 0.5 and 2.5% aluminum and, optionally, one or more elements chosen from: Pb?0.003%; Sb?0.003%; Bi?0.003%; 0.002%?Si?0.070%; La<0.05%; Ce<0.05%, the balance consisting of zinc and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignee: ArcelorMittal France
    Inventors: Alain Bello, Vivian Fabbri, Gerard Dugelay
  • Patent number: 9580786
    Abstract: A high-manganese hot-dip coated steel sheet is disclosed which provides high corrosion resistance, high ductility and high strength, mainly used for inner and outer panels of automobiles, and a method of manufacturing the same. The high-manganese hot-dip coated steel sheet includes a substrate steel sheet having a composition of (in weight %) 0.1 to 1.5% of C, 5 to 35% of Mn, and the remainder includes Fe and other unavoidable impurities, and a hot-dip zinc coating layer formed on the substrate steel sheet, the hot-dip zinc coating layer having a composition of (in weight %) 0.1 to 10% of Mn, 5 to 15% of Fe, and the remainder including Zn and other unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventors: Il-Ryoung Sohn, Kwang-Geun Chin, Seong-Ju Kim, Myung-Soo Kim, Sung-Kyu Kim
  • Patent number: 9406565
    Abstract: Methods for fabricating an integrated circuit are provided herein. In an embodiment, a method for fabricating an integrated circuit includes forming a gate electrode structure overlying a semiconductor substrate. A first sacrificial oxide layer is formed overlying the semiconductor substrate and a first implant mask is patterned overlying the first sacrificial oxide layer to expose a portion of the first sacrificial oxide layer adjacent the gate electrode structure. Conductivity determining ions are implanted into the semiconductor substrate, through the first sacrificial oxide layer. The first implant mask and the first sacrificial oxide layer are removed after implanting the conductivity determining ions into the semiconductor substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES, INC.
    Inventors: Peter Javorka, Ralf Richter, Jan Hoentschel
  • Patent number: 9368460
    Abstract: A method embodiment includes forming a sacrificial film layer over a top surface of a die, the die having a contact pad at the top surface. The die is attached to a carrier, and a molding compound is formed over the die and the sacrificial film layer. The molding compound extends along sidewalls of the die. The sacrificial film layer is exposed. The contact pad is exposed by removing at least a portion of the sacrificial film layer. A first polymer layer is formed over the die, and a redistribution layer (RDL) is formed over the die and electrically connects to the contact pad.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Chen-Hua Yu, Yen-Chang Hu, Ching-Wen Hsiao, Mirng-Ji Lii, Chung-Shi Liu, Chien Ling Hwang, Chih-Wei Lin, Chen-Shien Chen
  • Patent number: 9045817
    Abstract: A heat treated galvannealed steel material having excellent post-painting corrosion resistance and a high strength which is suitable for use as an automotive part and a method for its manufacture are provided. A galvannealed steel material having a galvannealed coating on at least one side thereof is heat treated by heating at least a portion thereof to a temperature range in which hardening is possible. The coating remaining on the surface of at least a part of the portion which underwent heat treatment has a coating weight of at least 20 g/m2 and at most 80 g/m2 per side and an Fe content of at least 15% and at most 35%, an ? phase is present in the coating, and the centerline average roughness Ra of the surface of the coating is at most 1.5 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tamotsu Toki, Atsushi Tomizawa, Nobusato Kojima, Kazuya Ishii, Kazuhito Imai, Toyomitsu Nakamura, Naoaki Shimada
  • Patent number: 9040166
    Abstract: A hot-pressed member includes a steel sheet, a Ni-diffusion region present in a surface layer of the steel sheet, and an intermetallic compound layer and a ZnO layer which are provided in order on the Ni-diffusion region, the intermetallic compound layer corresponding to a ? phase present in a phase equilibrium diagram of a Zn—Ni alloy, wherein a spontaneous immersion potential indicated in a 0.5 M NaCl aqueous air-saturated solution at 25° C.±5° C. is ?600 to ?360 mV based on a standard hydrogen electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroki Nakamaru, Seiji Nakajima, Tatsuya Miyoshi, Hiroyuki Masuoka, Shinji Ootsuka
  • Patent number: 9012785
    Abstract: A flexible multilayer substrate includes a multilayer body including a plurality of laminated resin layers. The multilayer body includes an innermost surface, which is a surface on an inner side when the substrate is bent, and an outermost surface, which is a surface on an outer side when the substrate is bent. Each of the plurality of resin layers includes a skin layer on one surface. Lamination of the multilayer body includes a skin layer joint plane at one location at a central portion in the thickness direction, and the skin layer and other surface come in contact with each other at another location along the central portion in the thickness direction. A skin layer joint plane is arranged on a side closer to the innermost surface than a central plane in the thickness direction of the multilayer body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yoshihito Otsubo
  • Publication number: 20150094208
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a textured substrate for epitaxial film formation, comprising a textured metal layer at least on one side, wherein the textured metal layer includes a copper layer having a cube texture and a nickel layer having a thickness of 100 to 20000 nm formed on the copper layer; the nickel layer has a nickel oxide layer formed on a surface thereof, having a thickness of 1 to 30 nm, and including a nickel oxide; and the nickel layer further includes a palladium-containing region formed of palladium-containing nickel at an interface with the nickel oxide layer. The top layer of the textured substrate, i.e. the nickel oxide layer, has a surface roughness of preferably 10 nm or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: TANAKA KIKINZOKU KOGYO K.K.
    Inventors: Naoji Kashimma, Tomonori Watanabe, Shigeo Nagaya, Kunihiro Shima, Shuichi Kubota
  • Publication number: 20150072166
    Abstract: A black-plated steel sheet has a Zn-plating layer containing molten Al and Mg, containing Al in the amount of 1.0-22.0 mass %, containing Mg in the amount of 1.3-10.0 mass %, and having a Zn black oxide distributed in a lamella pattern in the plating layer. The Zn black oxide is a Zn oxide derived from a Zn2Mg phase. The brightness of the surface of the Zn-plating layer containing the molten Al and Mg has an L* value of 60 or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: NISSHIN STEEL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tadashi Nakano, Masaya Yamamoto, Hirofumi Taketsu
  • Publication number: 20150030875
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a Zn—Mg alloy-coated steel sheet with excellent blackening resistance and excellent coating adhesion and to a method for manufacturing same. Provided are a Zn—Mg alloy-coated steel sheet with excellent blackening resistance and excellent adhesion and a method for manufacturing same, the steel sheet comprising: a substrate steel sheet; a Zn—Fe intermetallic compound layer formed on the substrate steel sheet; a first Zn—Mg coating layer formed on the Zn—Fe intermetallic compound layer and comprising a Zn—Fe intermetallic compound in which the content of Zn is 95% by weight or higher; a second Zn—Mg coating layer formed on the first Zn—Mg coating layer and comprising a Zn—Mg intermetallic compound in which the content of Zn is 80 to 95% by weight; and an oxide film formed on the second Zn—Mg coating layer and comprising a metallic oxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Dong-Yoeul Lee, Kyung-Hoon Nam, yong-Hwa Jung, Seok-Jun Hong, Tae-Yeob Kim, Young-Jin Kwak, Mun-Jong Eom, Woo-Sung Jung
  • Patent number: 8906516
    Abstract: A galvannealed steel sheet having high corrosion resistance after painting includes, on a mass percent basis, C: 0.05% to 0.15%, Si: 0.1% to 1.0%, Mn: 0.5% to 2.7%, Al: ?1.00%, P: ?0.025%, S: ?0.025%, and Cr: 0% to 0.8% as chemical components, the remainder being Fe and incidental impurities. The galvannealed steel sheet includes a galvannealed layer in an amount of 20 to 120 g/m2 per side, a percentage of exposed zinc metal of the galvannealed layer surface being 20% or more and less than 80%, and an amount of internal oxidation in a region disposed not more than 5 ?m from the surface of the steel sheet is 0.02 g/m2 or more and 0.1 g/m2 or less: Si?0.68%, Cr??1.25Si+0.85, and Si>0.68%, Cr=0, wherein Si and Cr denote respective contents (mass %) of Si and Cr.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshitsugu Suzuki, Mai Miyata, Yoichi Makimizu
  • Patent number: 8907226
    Abstract: A conductor for a flexible substrate, used for a flexible flat cable or disposed inside a flexible printed-circuit board, according to the present invention comprises: a base conductor made of Cu or Cu-alloy; a plating film made of Sn or Sn-alloy formed on a surface of the base conductor; and a surface oxide film formed on a surface of the plating film, in which the surface oxide film includes oxide of an element other than Sn or a mixture of Sn oxide and oxide of an element other than Sn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takayuki Tsuji, Toshiyuki Horikoshi, Masato Ito
  • Patent number: 8878322
    Abstract: A perovskite manganese oxide thin film formed on a substrate that allows a first order phase transition and has A-site ordering. The thin film contains Ba and a rare earth element in the A sites of a perovskite crystal lattice and has an (m10) orientation for which m=2n, and 9?n?1. A method for manufacturing the film includes forming in a controlled atmosphere using laser ablation an atomic layer or thin film that assumes a pyramidal structure having oxygen-deficient sites in a plane containing the rare earth element and oxygen; and filling the oxygen-deficient sites with oxygen. The controlled atmosphere has an oxygen partial pressure controlled to a thermodynamically required value for creating oxygen deficiencies and contains a gas other than oxygen, and has a total pressure that is controlled to a value at which the A sites have a fixed compositional ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Fuji Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yasushi Ogimoto
  • Publication number: 20140300436
    Abstract: A method for plating magnets with metal is disclosed. In one embodiment, the metal is aluminum and the aluminum plating provides a number of aesthetic and structural advantages, over brittle magnetic materials, which are only plated with a thin, anti-corrosive metallic layer. More specifically, methods for creating multi-pole bar magnets and structural elements primarily with aluminum coated magnetic material are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2014
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Simon Regis Louis Lancaster-Larocque
  • Publication number: 20140295670
    Abstract: A method of forming a dense oxide coating on an aluminum component of semiconductor processing equipment comprises cold spraying a layer of pure aluminum on a surface of the aluminum component to a predetermined thickness. A dense oxide coating is then formed on the layer of pure aluminum using a plasma electrolytic oxidation process, wherein the plasma electrolytic oxidation process causes the layer of pure aluminum to undergo microplasmic discharges, thus forming the dense oxide coating on the layer of pure aluminum on the surface of the aluminum component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Hong Shih, Lin Xu, John Michael Kerns, William Charles, John Daugherty, Sivakami Ramanathan, Russell Ormond, Robert G. O'Neill, Tom Stevenson
  • Patent number: 8846211
    Abstract: A strip product consists of a metallic substrate, such as stainless steel, and a coating, which in turn comprises at least one metallic layer and one reactive layer. The coated strip product is produced by providing the different layers, preferably by coating, and thereafter oxidizing the coating to accomplish a conductive surface layer comprising perovskite and/or spinel structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
    Inventors: Mikael Schuisky, Finn Petersen, Niels Christiansen, Joergen Gutzon Larsen, Soeren Linderoth, Lars Mikkelsen
  • Patent number: 8822037
    Abstract: A surface-treated steel plate obtained by forming, on at least one surface of the steel plate by cathodic electrolysis, a surface-treating film which contains a mixed oxide of an oxide of Fe and at least one of an oxide of Zr or an oxide of Ti, and a polycarboxylic acid, the amount of Zr or Ti, or the total amount of Zr and Ti if both of them are present, being from 3 to 300 mg/m2 and the amount of C being from 0.1 to 5.0 mg/m2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignees: Toyo Seikan Group Holdings, Ltd., Toyo Kohan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Wataru Kurokawa, Seitaro Kanazawa, Shinichi Taya, Kunihiro Yoshimura, Naomi Iida, Miwa Iida, Masahiko Matsukawa
  • Patent number: 8808873
    Abstract: In an embodiment of the invention, a method for manufacturing a carrier-attached copper foil is provided. The method includes providing a carrier foil including stainless steel, titanium, aluminum, nickel or alloy thereof with a surface oxide layer, and forming a copper foil onto the carrier foil to prepare the carrier-attached copper foil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Yu-Chung Chen, Yi-Ling Lo, Hung-Kun Lee, Tzu-Ping Cheng
  • Patent number: 8748008
    Abstract: A fired heater tube that is resistant to corrosion and fouling is disclosed. The fired heater tube comprises an advantageous high performance coated material composition resistant to corrosion and fouling comprises: (PQR), wherein P is an oxide layer at the surface of (PQR), Q is a coating metal layer interposed between P and R, and R is a base metal layer, wherein P is substantially comprised of alumina, chromia, silica, mullite, spinels, and mixtures thereof, Q comprises Cr, and at least one element selected from the group consisting of Ni, Al, Si, Mn, Fe, Co, B, C, N, P, Ga, Ge, As, In, Sn, Sb, Pb, Sc, La, Y, Ce, Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, Mo, W, Re, Ru, Rh, Ir, Pd, Pt, Cu, Ag, Au and mixtures thereof, and R is selected from the group consisting of low chromium steels, ferritic stainless steels, austenetic stainless steels, duplex stainless steels, Inconel alloys, Incoloy alloys, Fe—Ni based alloys, Ni-based alloys and Co-based alloys.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: ChangMin Chun, Mark A Greaney, Ian A Cody, F. Pierce Hubbard, Jr., David Samuel Deutsch
  • Publication number: 20140134455
    Abstract: An article may include a substrate, a diffusion barrier layer formed on the substrate, and a protective layer formed on the diffusion barrier coating. The diffusion barrier layer may include iridium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2012
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ann Bolcavage, Randolph C. Helmink