Free Metal As Other Material Patents (Class 501/19)
  • Patent number: 10084100
    Abstract: A solar cell element containing: a semiconductor substrate; an antireflection film disposed in a first region on one main surface of the semiconductor substrate; and a front surface electrode disposed in a second region on the one main surface of the semiconductor substrate and containing silver as a main component and a tellurium-based glass containing tellurium, tungsten, and bismuth. The solar cell element is manufactured by forming the antireflection film on the one main substrate surface; printing on the antireflection film a conductive paste containing a conductive powder mainly containing silver, a tellurium-based glass frit containing tellurium, tungsten, and bismuth, and an organic vehicle; and disposing the antireflection film in the first region and forming the front surface electrode in the second region, by firing the paste and eliminating the antireflection film positioned under the paste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignees: SHOEI CHEMICAL INC., KYOCERA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masami Nakamura, Naoto Shindo, Tadashi Kanasaku, Junichi Atobe
  • Patent number: 9818890
    Abstract: Paste compositions, methods of making a paste composition, and methods of making a solar cell contact are disclosed. The paste composition can contain a nickel intermetallic compound such as nickel silicide, nickely boride or nickel phosphide, a glass frit, a metal additive and an organic vehicle system. The paste can be used for making a solar cell contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventors: Himal Khatri, Aziz S. Shaikh, Srinivasan Sridharan, Klaus Kunze
  • Patent number: 9290408
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to improved seals for glass articles. Certain example embodiments relate to a composition used for sealing an insulted glass unit. In certain example embodiments the composition includes vanadium oxide, barium oxide, zinc oxide, and at least one additional additive. For instance, another additive that is a different metal oxide or different metal chloride may be provided. In certain example embodiments, a vacuum insulated glass unit includes first and second glass substrates that are sealed together with a seal that includes the above-described composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventor: Timothy Alan Dennis
  • Patent number: 9196563
    Abstract: Bondability and heat conductivity of a bonded body in which some of metal, ceramic, or semiconductor are bonded to each other are improved. In the bonded body in which a first member and a second member each comprise one of metal, ceramic, or semiconductor are bonded to each other, the second member is bonded to the first member by way of an adhesive member disposed to the surface of the first member, and the adhesive member contains a V2O5-containing glass and metal particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuichi Sawai, Takashi Naito, Takuya Aoyagi, Tadashi Fujieda, Mutsuhiro Mori
  • Patent number: 9103762
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for detecting a target molecule in a sample by metal dissolution as described in the specification, said method using an electrical readout; to kits adapted for this method and to electrodes suitable for such kits and methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: ETH Zurich
    Inventors: Fabian Kohler, Robert Grass, Wendelin Jan Stark
  • Patent number: 9087937
    Abstract: A lead-tellurium-lithium-titanium-oxide glass composition is useful as a component of a conductive silver paste. Especially useful are P-containing and V-containing lead-tellurium-lithium-titanium-oxide glass composition. Conductive silver via paste comprising particulate conductive silver and any of the lead-tellurium-lithium-titanium-oxide glass compositions of the invention can be used in providing the metallization of the holes in the silicon wafers of MWT solar cells. The result is a metallic electrically conductive via between the collector lines on the front side and the emitter electrode on the back-side of the solar cell. The paste can also be used to form the collector lines on the front-side of the solar cell and the emitter electrode on the back-side of the solar cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2015
    Assignee: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Kenneth Warren Hang, Yueli Wang
  • Publication number: 20150129029
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are a glass frit and a composition for solar cell electrodes including the same. The glass frit includes lead oxide (PbO) and boron oxide (B2O3) in a weight ratio of lead oxide to boron oxide of about 1:0.075 to about 1:1, wherein a mixture of the glass frit and aluminum (Al) powder in a weight ratio of about 1:1 exhibits a phase transition peak in the range of about 400° C. to about 650° C. on a cooling curve obtained via TG-DTA analysis, measured after heating the mixture to 900° C. at a heating rate of 20° C./min, holding for ten minutes, followed by cooling the mixture at a cooling rate of 10° C. The composition can provide stable efficiency given varying surface resistance and minimize adverse influence on a p-n junction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Young Wook CHOI, Dong Suk KIM, Ji Youn LEE
  • Patent number: 9023254
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an electroconductive silver thick film paste composition comprising Ag, a glass frit and rhodium resinate, Cr2O3 or a mixture thereof all dispersed in an organic medium. The present invention is further directed to an electrode formed from the paste composition and a semiconductor device and, in particular, a solar cell comprising such an electrode. The paste is particularly useful for forming a tabbing electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Kenneth Warren Hang, Yu-Cheng Lin, Yueli Wang
  • Publication number: 20150013390
    Abstract: This invention relates to glass and enamel compositions. The glass compositions include SiO2, Nb2O5, Na2O, B2O3, ZnO, Bi2O3, TiO2, MoO3, ZrO2, Y2O3, Al2O3, Li2O, and K2O. The glass compositions can be used to form an enamel on a substrate, for example, to decorate and/or protect the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Sandeep K. Singh, George E. Sakoske, David A. Klimas
  • Patent number: 8871661
    Abstract: Provided is a bonding material which can bond base materials or substrates having different linear thermal expansion coefficients, and can have heat resistance against temperatures of 300° C. or higher, vacuum airtightness and bonding strength, further which has excellent handleability and workability. The bonding material is produced by mixing, in a content ratio of 0.01 to 60 mass % (to the whole), a metal Ga, and/or at least one metal or alloy powder selected from the group consisting of a metal powder mixture of a combination of Bi and Sn or an alloy powder thereof, and a metal powder mixture of a combination of Bi, Sn and Mg or an alloy powder thereof with a Bi2O3-based glass frit powder having an average particle diameter of 200 ?m or less. The bonding material may be formed in a paste form by adding a solvent thereto. This feature makes it possible to bond together substrates having different thermal expansion coefficients without causing a crack or unsticking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Sophia Product Co.
    Inventor: Minoru Yamada
  • Publication number: 20140292142
    Abstract: A ceramic electronic component includes a ceramic body, a glass coating layer, and terminal electrodes. End portions of inner electrodes are exposed at a surface of the ceramic body. The glass coating layer covers portions of the ceramic body in which the inner electrodes are exposed. The terminal electrodes are disposed directly above the glass coating layer and are each constituted by a plating film. The glass coating layer includes a glass medium and metal powder particles that are dispersed in the glass medium and define conductive paths which electrically connect the inner electrodes and the terminal electrodes. The metal powder particles include first metal powder particles and second metal powder particles. The first metal powder particles are flat or substantially flat powder particles. The second metal powder particles are spherical or substantially spherical powder particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro NISHISAKA, Satoshi MATSUNO, Tetsuya KISUMI, Yoko OKABE
  • Patent number: 8778469
    Abstract: When local heating by use of laser sealing or the like is applied, the bonding strength between glass substrates and a sealing layer is improved to provide an electronic device having increased reliability. An electronic device includes a first glass substrate, a second glass substrate, and a sealing layer to seal an electronic element portion disposed between these glass substrates. The sealing layer is a layer obtained by locally heating a sealing material by an electromagnetic wave, such as laser light or infrared light, to melt-bond the sealing material, the sealing material containing sealing glass, a low-expansion filler and an electromagnetic wave absorber. In the first and second glass substrates, each reacted layer is produced to have a maximum depth of at least 30 nm from an interface with the sealing layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Sohei Kawanami, Yoshinori Ami, Yoko Mitsui
  • Patent number: 8748327
    Abstract: Disclosed are lead free glass frit powder for manufacturing a silicon solar cell, its producing method, a metal paste composition containing the same and a silicon solar cell. The lead free glass frit powder for manufacturing a silicon solar cell includes Bi2O3; B2O3; and any one metal oxide selected from the group consisting of ZnO, Al2O3 and BaCO3, or mixtures thereof. The glass frit powder is free of lead, and thus, it is environmental friendly. A front electrode of a solar cell formed using the glass frit powder has low resistance against contact with a substrate and high adhesion to the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jong-Wuk Park, Min-Seo Kim, Jong-Taik Lee
  • Patent number: 8685872
    Abstract: A low softening point glass composition, which is substantially free from lead, bismuth and antimony and comprises oxides of vanadium, phosphorous, tellurium and iron, a softening point of the composition being 380° C. or lower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Naito, Shinichi Tachizono, Kei Yoshimura, Yuji Hashiba, Keiichi Kanazawa, Shinji Yamada, Satoru Amou, Hiroki Yamamoto, Takuya Aoyagi
  • Patent number: 8470723
    Abstract: A low softening point glass composition, which is substantially free from lead, bismuth and antimony and comprises oxides of vanadium, phosphorous, tellurium and iron, a softening point of the composition being 380° C. or lower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Powdered Metals Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Naito, Shinichi Tachizono, Kei Yoshimura, Yuji Hashiba, Keiichi Kanazawa, Shinji Yamada, Satoru Amou, Hiroki Yamamoto, Takuya Aoyagi
  • Publication number: 20120282407
    Abstract: This invention relates to glass and enamel compositions. The glass compositions comprise SiO2, Cs2O, Na2O, ZnO, B2O3, and TiO2, and optionally Bi2O3 and F. The resulting compositions can be used to form an enamel on a substrate, for example, to decorate and/or protect the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2011
    Publication date: November 8, 2012
    Applicant: FERRO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Sandeep K. Singh, George E. Sakoske, David A. Klimas
  • Patent number: 8168551
    Abstract: Provided is a cover coating composition for a glass lining comprising a frit constituting the composition which mainly includes 65 to 75 mol % of SiO2, 2 to 8 mol % of ZrO2, 10 to 22 mol % of R2O where R represents Li, K, or Cs, and 2 to 12 mol % of R?O where R? represents Mg, Ca, Sr, or Ba, and the frit is free of Na2O, and said cover coating composition for a glass lining may further contain a metal fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Assignee: Ikebukuro Horo Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Iizawa, Masahiro Shirasaki, Takashi Kawashima, Osamu Mori
  • Patent number: 7754345
    Abstract: A far infrared emitting nano glazed comprised of a mixture of 35˜65% solvent, 1˜35% solubilizing agent, 0˜25% refractory agent but not including 0%, 0.1˜5% adhesive agent, 0.5˜30% far infrared powder, and 0.5˜10% nano material, added with water to be ground into a solution with of 350±20 g/200 cc concentration and 200˜325 mesh fineness; then applied to surface of ceramic body or biscuit and then sintered at 1120° C.˜1350° C. into a finished ceramic product provided with far infrared function and nano characteristics to maintain clean, bright and attractive surface, antibiotic and activate the substance contained therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Inventor: Jih-Hsin Tsai
  • Patent number: 7741237
    Abstract: There is described a sealing composition for sealing aluminum nitride and aluminum oxynitride ceramics comprising: a mixture of SiO2, at least one other metal oxide, and a silicon additive comprising at least one of silicon metal or a silicide. The silicon additive acts to suppress the formation of nitrogen bubbles during the sealing of articles comprised of aluminum nitride or aluminum oxynitride ceramics, e.g., as in the case of a ceramic discharge vessel for a high intensity discharge lamp.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2010
    Assignee: Osram Sylvania Inc.
    Inventors: Yi Zheng, Richard C. Marlor, George C. Wei
  • Patent number: 7659220
    Abstract: There is described a sealing composition for sealing aluminum nitride and aluminum oxynitride ceramics comprising: a mixture of SiO2, at least one other metal oxide, and a silicon additive comprising at least one of silicon metal or a silicide. The silicon additive acts to suppress the formation of nitrogen bubbles during the sealing of articles comprised of aluminum nitride or aluminum oxynitride ceramics, e.g., as in the case of a ceramic discharge vessel for a high intensity discharge lamp.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: Osram Sylvania Inc.
    Inventors: Yi Zheng, Richard C. Marlor, George C. Wei
  • Patent number: 7659221
    Abstract: A colorant for a high redox glass composition comprising: total iron (Fe2O3) 0 to 1.1 weight percent; and from 0.0001 to 0.15 weight percent of at least one of the following: Cu nanostructures, Au nanostructures, or Ag nanostructures, wherein the weight percents are based on the total weight of the glass composition. The colorant of the invention can be used to make glass compositions having various colors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Mehran Arbab, Larry Shelestak, Songwei Lu
  • Patent number: 7641730
    Abstract: The present invention provides a glass flake having sufficiently high visible-light absorptivity. The glass flake of the present invention includes a glass composition that contains a transition metal oxide such as an iron oxide and that allows the glass flake to have a visible-light transmittance of 85% or lower measured with an A light source when the glass flake has a thickness of 15 ?m. In this glass composition, it is preferable that the content of Fe2O3 (T?Fe2O3) in terms of the total iron satisfies the following formula, expressed in mass %: 10<T?Fe2O3?50.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2010
    Assignee: Nippon Sheet Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Kosuke Fujiwara, Makoto Umino, Akihiro Koyama, Haruki Niida
  • Publication number: 20090301554
    Abstract: The invention relates to glass compositions useful in conductive pastes for silicon semiconductor devices and photovoltaic cells. The thick film conductor compositions include one or more electrically functional powders and one or more glass frits dispersed in an organic medium. The thick film compositions may also include one or more additive(s). Exemplary additives may include metals, metal oxides or any compounds that can generate these metal oxides during firing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 2009
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Applicant: E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Takuya Konno, Brian J. Laughlin, Hisashi Matsuno
  • Patent number: 7618908
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a method for preparing visible light optical polarizers using a non-halide silver salt and any glass composition that the non-halide silver salts is soluble, provided that the glass composition, including the silver salt, was a halide content that is, on a molar basis, 10% or less than the silver content, on a molar basis, of the glass composition. The silver containing glass is hydrogen reduced prior to stretching to form an optical polarizer. The invention enables one to form a visible light polarizer having a polarizing layer thickness in the range 10-40 ?m in which the silver particles have a surround index sufficiently removed from the blue polarizer region to allow good contrast.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2009
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Nicholas Francis Borrelli, David John McEnroe, Joseph Francis Schroeder, III
  • Publication number: 20090247385
    Abstract: The present invention provides a frit containing substantially no lead, which is applicable to a member having ? of at most 50×10<7/° C. A frit comprising a low-melting point glass powder and a refractory filler powder, containing substantially no lead, having a thermal expansion coefficient of at most 50×10?7/° C., and being processable at 500° C. or lower, wherein the above low-melting point glass powder satisfies a softening pour point range of at least 30° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2009
    Publication date: October 1, 2009
    Applicant: ASAHI GLASS COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventor: Asahi IDE
  • Patent number: 7510989
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a silver-containing polarizing boroaluminosilicate glass composition that has been doped with a noble metal selected from the group consisting of Pt, Pd, Os, Ir, Rh and Ru, including mixtures thereof, to nucleate and precipitate silver ions to silver metal without the need for a reducing atmosphere step. The invention is further directed to a method for making the glass composition of the invention. Using the composition and method of the invention, one can prepare a glass having a selected null transmission range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2009
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Nicholas Francis Borrelli, George Bigelow Hares, Sasha Marjanovic, David John McEnroe, Katherine Rose Rossington, Joseph Francis Schroeder, III
  • Patent number: 7510673
    Abstract: For mounting on a substrate by using an electroconductive adhesive, an electroconductive paste for forming an external electrode which has improved moisture resistance and which is resistant to occurrence of external-electrode peeling, as well as a ceramic electronic component including the electroconductive paste are provided. The electroconductive paste includes a base-metal electroconductive powder, first glass frit, and an organic vehicle, wherein the first glass frit has a B2O3 content of 10 to 20 percent by mole, a SiO2 content of 50 to 65 percent by mole, an alkali metal oxide content of 10 to 20 percent by mole, a ZnO content of 1 to 5 percent by mole, a TiO2 content of 1 to 5 percent by mole, a ZrO2 content of 1 to 5 percent by mole, and an Al2O3 content of 1 to 5 percent by mole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2009
    Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akira Ohtani, Yuji Ukuma
  • Patent number: 7504349
    Abstract: Thick film conductive copper pastes that are lead-free and cadmium-free. The inventive copper pastes possess desirable characteristics, including good solderability, good wire bondability, a low firing temperature, and a wide temperature processing window, and provide excellent adhesion to a variety of substrates, including alumina and glass coated stainless steel substrates, as well as low resistivity, and a microstructure after firing that is dense and substantially free of pores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventors: Orville W. Brown, Srinivasan Sridharan
  • Publication number: 20080220960
    Abstract: A far infrared emitting nano glazed comprised of a mixture of 35˜65% solvent, 1˜35% solubilizing agent, 0˜25% refractory agent but not including 0%, 0.1˜5% adhesive agent, 0.5˜30% far infrared powder, and 0.5˜10% nano material, added with water to be ground into a solution with of 350±20 g/200 cc concentration and 200˜325 mesh fineness; then applied to surface of ceramic body or biscuit and then sintered at 1120° C.˜1350° C. into a finished ceramic product provided with far infrared function and nano characteristics to maintain clean, bright and attractive surface, antibiotic and activate the substance contained therein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2007
    Publication date: September 11, 2008
    Inventor: Jih-Hsin Tsai
  • Patent number: 7339780
    Abstract: A reduction resistant lead-free and cadmium-free glass composition that is particularly suitable for use in conductive ink applications is disclosed. The invention includes a capacitor, which includes a conductive copper termination. The copper termination is made by firing an ink including a glass component, which may include ZnO, provided the amount does not exceed about 65 mole %; B2O3, provided the amount does not exceed about 61 mole %; and, SiO2, provided the amount does not exceed about 63 mole %. The molar ratio of B2O3 to SiO2 is from about 0.05 to about 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2008
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventors: Srinivasan Sridharan, Umesh Kumar
  • Patent number: 7267713
    Abstract: Provided is a conductive paste capable of adjusting resistivity and forming a conductor film having high strength of bonding with a glass substrate and high mounting strength of a metal terminal. The conductive paste contains a conductive component, a glass frit having a composition containing a Bi2O3—B2O3—SiO2—Al2O3 or Bi2O3—B2O3—SiO2—Al2O3—ZnO primary component and about 0.5 to 5% by weight of NiO as a secondary component, and an organic vehicle. The conductive paste is applied on a glass substrate and then baked to form a conductor film. A glass circuit structure formed by using the conductor film can be advantageously used as a defogging glass for an automobile window.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2007
    Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Fumiya Adachi
  • Patent number: 7176152
    Abstract: Thick film conductive copper pastes that are lead-free and cadmium-free. The inventive copper pastes possess desirable characteristics, including good solderability, good wire bondability, a low firing temperature, and a wide temperature processing window, and provide excellent adhesion to a variety of substrates, including alumina and glass coated stainless steel substrates, as well as low resistivity, and a microstructure after firing that is dense and substantially free of pores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2007
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventors: Orville Washington Brown, Srinivasan Sridharan
  • Patent number: 7138347
    Abstract: A thick-film composition comprising: (a) conductive metal; (b) crystallized glass; (c) amorphous glass; and (d) organic medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2006
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Takuya Konno
  • Patent number: 6966998
    Abstract: A method of providing covert security features for documents such as vouchers, packaged goods and banknotes in which the document is provided with a dopant. The dopant consisting of a material which can be identified by examination of its response to visible wavelength photon radiation and which can be applied directly on or into the document or can be fused into glass matrices before application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2005
    Inventor: Alexander Rollo Spowart
  • Patent number: 6841495
    Abstract: A glass containing no lead and comprising, calculated as oxides: 40-60 wt. % ZnO, 15-35 wt. % B2O3, 1-16 wt. % SiO2, 1-10 wt. % Al2O3, 2-15 wt. % MnO2, and at least one selected from the group consisting of Li2O, Na2O and K2O in their total of 0.5-10 wt. %, and a glass with the above-described components where a total of at least one selected from the group consisting of Li2O, Na2O and K2O is 0-5 wt. %, and at least one selected from the group consisting of MgO, CaO, TiO2, Cr2O3, ZrO2, Ta2O5, SnO2, and Fe2O3 is further included in their total of 0.1-5 wt. %. A conductive paste using such a glass as an inorganic binder has a superior binder removal ability and a good sinterability and can form dense conductors with excellent characteristics with respect to resistance to plating solutions, adhesive strength, resistance to thermal shocks, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Assignee: Shoei Chemical Inc.
    Inventors: Tetsuya Tanaka, Nobuko Morinaga, Yuko Koyama, Yoshiko Morinaga, Mikio Yamazoe, Megumi Kawahara, Kenji Morinaga
  • Publication number: 20040266601
    Abstract: A far infrared emitting nono glazed comprised of a mixture of 35˜65% solvent, 1˜35% solubilizing agent, 0˜25% refractory agent, 0.1˜5% adhesive agent, 0.5˜30% far infrared powder, and 0.5˜10% nano material, added with water to be ground into a solution with of 350±20 g/200 cc concentration and 200˜325 mesh fineness; then applied to surface of ceramic body or biscuit and then sintered at 1120° C.˜1350° C. into a finished ceramic product provided with far infrared function and nano characteristics to maintain clean, bright and attractive surface, antibiotic and activate the substance contained therein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2004
    Publication date: December 30, 2004
    Inventor: Jih-Hsin Tsai
  • Patent number: 6831028
    Abstract: This invention provides an antimicrobial glass which exhibits excellent dispersing ability into a resin and excellent transparency besides generating small yellowing and a method for manufacturing the antimicrobial glass. In the antimicrobial glass capable of releasing an Ag ion, a shape of the antimicrobial glass is formed into a polyhedron and, at the same time, an average particle size of the antimicrobial glass is set to a value within a range of 0.1 to 300 &mgr;m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: KOA Glass Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masao Ishii, Kenichi Tanaka
  • Patent number: 6831027
    Abstract: The present invention provides a composition for use in forming a porcelain enamel coating having a metallic appearance. The composition according to the invention preferably includes a low shear blend of a glass component and metal particles such as aluminum, nickel, copper and stainless steel. The glass component includes at least one glass frit that fuses at a temperature of less than about 600° C. Upon firing at a temperature of from about 535° C. to about 600° C., the composition forms a vitreous porcelain enamel coating that has a metallic appearance, which through the incorporation of various optional pigments and/or mill additions, can range from a bright brushed nickel or stainless steel appearance to a matte dark metallic finish.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventor: Louis J. Gazo
  • Patent number: 6733891
    Abstract: Rolls include a core and a glass outer coating on the core. The glass can be electrically charged and discharged. The outer coatings have smooth finishes and controlled electrical properties. The outer coatings can also provide selected mechanical, chemical and thermal properties. The rolls can be used in various applications in which controlled electrical properties are desired. For example, the rolls can be used as charge donor rolls in electrostatographic imaging apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Christopher D. Blair, Timothy R. Jaskowiak
  • Publication number: 20040077477
    Abstract: The present invention provides a composition for use in forming a porcelain enamel coating having a metallic appearance. The composition according to the invention preferably includes a low shear blend of a glass component and metal particles such as aluminum, nickel, copper and stainless steel. The glass component includes at least one glass frit that fuses at a temperature of less than about 600° C. Upon firing at a temperature of from about 535° C. to about 600° C., the composition forms a vitreous porcelain enamel coating that has a metallic appearance, which through the incorporation of various optional pigments and/or mill additions, can range from a bright brushed nickel or stainless steel appearance to a matte dark metallic finish.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2002
    Publication date: April 22, 2004
    Applicant: Ferro Corporation
    Inventor: Louis J. Gazo
  • Publication number: 20040067834
    Abstract: Polarized glass articles having a wavelength range that is broadened for high contrast-ratio applications. A method that imparts to a glass article a high contrast ratio of at least 40 dB for use as dichroic glass polarizers over a wavelength range of 880 nm to 1,690 nm while keeping a high transmission value. The method comprises the step of heating the glass article at a temperature ranging from 400 to 450° C. in a reducing atmosphere for a period of time ranging from 12 to 30 hours. Preferably, the reducing atmosphere is hydrogen at atmospheric pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2003
    Publication date: April 8, 2004
    Inventor: Kenjiro Hasui
  • Patent number: 6699807
    Abstract: A glass ceramic, for use as a resistor or a gas-tight glass ceramic solder for use in a spark plug, includes a fused seal of a starting glass fused from a starting mixture containing SiO2, Al2O3, TiO2 and CaO, the fused seal including crystalline phases in at least some areas. A method for producing such a glass ceramic provides for the starting glass to be processed in a first method step to form a starting material, which is heated for a first period of time in a second method step from a starting temperature, which is below the softening temperature of the starting glass, to a fusion temperature, which is above the softening temperature of the starting glass, and is kept at that temperature for a second period of time and finally is cooled again. A spark plug may include a terminal stud and a center electrode, which are electrically connected across a resistor that is formed in at least some areas by the glass ceramic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2004
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Heinz Geier, Rudolf Pollner, Imke Koengeter, Ulrich Eisele
  • Patent number: 6693053
    Abstract: A glass or glass powder is fused from a starting mixture containing approximately 38 wt % to 48 wt % SO2, 15 wt % to 19 wt % Al2O3, 4.5 wt % to 11 wt % TiO2, 0 wt % to 1.5 wt % Na2O, 0 wt % to 1.5 wt % K2O and 23 wt % to 30 wt % CaO. In addition, a glass powder mixture includes two glass powders, a carbon black powder and an organic binder, the first glass powder having a mean particle size of approximately 150 &mgr;m to 250 &mgr;m, the second glass powder having a mean particle size of less than approximately 100 &mgr;m, which may be 10 &mgr;m to 70 &mgr;m. The glass or glass powder mixture is suitable for producing a glass ceramic, such as that used as a resistor seal and/or a gas-tight glass ceramic solder in a spark plug.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2004
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Heinz Geier, Rudolf Pollner, Ulrich Eisele, Peter Wange
  • Publication number: 20030064873
    Abstract: A conductive paste for forming terminal electrodes of a monolithic ceramic electronic component having nickel internal electrodes is provided. The conductive paste includes at least one of a silver powder and a silver alloy powder, a boron powder, an inorganic binder and an organic vehicle. The amount of the boron powder is at least about 0.5 percent by weight and less than about 7.0 percent by weight of the total weight of the conductive paste.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2002
    Publication date: April 3, 2003
    Inventors: Satoru Noda, Takeshi Miki, Kunihiko Hamada
  • Publication number: 20030060353
    Abstract: Provided is a Ag-based conductive paste for a terminal electrode which suppresses oxidation of the Ni surface of an internal conductor and therefore brings about excellent joining with Ni even when baking is performed in the atmosphere in the case where Ni is used as the internal conductor of a laminated ceramic electronic component. The conductive paste includes at least one of an Ag powder and an Ag alloy powder, a nickel boride powder, an inorganic binder and an organic vehicle, wherein the quantity of the nickel boride powder is within the range of about 5% by weight or more, but less than about 60% by weight of the total paste.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2002
    Publication date: March 27, 2003
    Inventors: Takeshi Miki, Satoru Noda
  • Patent number: 6447595
    Abstract: Systems and methods of making and using fine particle materials in pigment blends and for using the aforementioned pigment blends in paint, coating, or coloring compositions are provided. This invention further provides systems and methods of enhancing the visual appearance of a variety of substrates by introducing a paint, coating, or coloring composition to the substrate. The fine particle materials of the present invention have a substantially random geometric shape, a particle size less than about 100 microns, and help provide both functional and visual enhancing properties to compositions and substrates containing these fine particle materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2002
    Assignee: Ameritech Holdings Corporation
    Inventors: Guido Greco, Vincent Pernice, Barry E. Scheetz
  • Patent number: 6403506
    Abstract: The invention relates to a glass powder, where at least one oxidizing agent or one reducing agent is added to the glass powder. The glass powder is preferably used as dental glass powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2002
    Assignee: Schott Glas
    Inventors: Susanne Kessler, Hartmut Paschke, Hans-Werner Beudt, Susanne Kiermayer
  • Patent number: 6399230
    Abstract: Resistors can be screen printed onto a green tape stack from a resistor ink comprising ruthenium oxide and a sufficient amount of a low melting temperature glass so that the resultant mixture fires at a temperature of 850-900° C. A conductive layer, as of silver, terminates the screen printed resistor layer and one or two green tapes are applied over the resistor layer to embed the resistors during firing. A final conductive layer is applied after firing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2002
    Assignees: Sarnoff Corporation, Sharp Corporation
    Inventors: Ellen Schwartz Tormey, Ashok Narayan Prabhu, Ponnusamy Palinasamy
  • Patent number: 6387513
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a more easily recyclable enamel composition which includes at least one glass frit and includes, as pigment(s), at least one or more manganese compounds, this composition furthermore having a melting temperature below 750° C. The invention also relates to an enamelling process using this composition, as well as to the enamelled products obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2002
    Assignee: Saint Gobain Vitrage
    Inventors: André Beyrle, Aline DeJean, Daniel Dages, Anne-Valentine Veret-Lemarinier
  • Patent number: 6355187
    Abstract: There is provided a conductive paste comprising a conductive component, a glass frit, and a vehicle, wherein the glass frit comprises a glass and at least one of alumina (Al2O3), silica (SiO2), titania (TiO2) and zirconia (ZrO2). The conductive paste is capable of being baked at a low temperature with sufficient coloring, and is suitable for forming a circuit on a glass substrate, the glass circuit substrate suitable for application in a defogging glass for an automobile window formed therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2002
    Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoki Sanada, Haruhiko Kano, Fumiya Adachi