And Group Iii Metal Containing (i.e., Sc, Y, Al, Ga, In Or Tl) Patents (Class 502/341)
  • Patent number: 10596558
    Abstract: The present invention provides catalyst comprising metal modified zeolite, particularly Group IIIA or Group IIB metal modified zeolite, or a Group IIIA metal and Group IIB metal modified zeolite for reforming of heart cut naphtha stream. The present disclosure also relates to a process for synthesis of the catalyst. The present disclosure further relates to a process for reforming of heart cut naphtha stream, with high selectivity towards aromatics and good activity using the catalytic system, in the absence of hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED
    Inventors: Deshmukh Amit Arvind, Basu Sanchari, Limbasiya Nilamkumar Babubhai, Yadav Ashwani, Parmar Sagar, Dongara Rajeshwer, Mandal Sukumar, Das Asit
  • Patent number: 10016746
    Abstract: A photoexcitation material includes: a wurtzite type solid solution crystal containing gallium, zinc, nitrogen and oxygen, wherein a peak (A) of an existence ratio of nitrogen or oxygen which is a first adjacent atom of the gallium or zinc and a peak (B) of an existence ratio of gallium or zinc which is a second adjacent atom of the gallium or zinc satisfy a relational expression of A>B in a relationship between a distance and the existence ratio of the adjacent atom of the gallium or zinc, the relationship being obtained from an extended X-ray absorption fine structure analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: FUJITSU LIMITED
    Inventors: Toshihisa Anazawa, Yoshihiko Imanaka, Toshio Manabe, Hideyuki Amada, Sachio Ido, Fumiaki Kumasaka, Naoki Awaji
  • Patent number: 9340432
    Abstract: Magnesium aluminate spinels are made by hydrothermally aging an aqueous slurry of a spinel precursor which can be (a) a mixture of boehmite alumina and a magnesium precursor, (b) an aluminum magnesium oxide or hydroxide, and (c) mixtures thereof. At least one of the aged slurries is dried to remove water and produce at least one dried spinel precursor. The dried spinel precursor is then calcined to produce the magnesium aluminate spinel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: Sasol Performance Chemicals GmbH
    Inventors: Brian Peoples, David Barclay, Mark Chavez, Allison Hann, Andrea Brasch, Klaus P. G. Diblitz
  • Patent number: 9233942
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an alumina support for silver catalyst, a process for preparing said alumina support, a silver catalyst made from said alumina support, and a use of said silver catalyst in the production of ethylene oxide by the oxidization of ethylene. According to the present invention, the silver catalyst made from the support prepared by potassium melt technology can have a high selectivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignees: CHINA PETROLEUM & CHEMICAL CORPORATION, BEIJING RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL INDUSTRY, CHINA PETROLEUM & CHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Wei Lin, Jinbing Li, Jianshe Chen, Zhixiang Zhang, Qiang Lin, Jun Jiang, Shuyuan Cao, Qian Xue, Shujuan Wang, Zhiqiang Tang
  • Patent number: 9162215
    Abstract: Methods are provided for producing epoxidation catalysts. The present methods are able to produce catalysts having the desired loading levels of catalytic species at a lower vacuum level (having a higher minimum residual pressure) than previously appreciated by the art, thereby providing equipment cost and time savings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: DOW TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENTS LLC
    Inventors: Biju M. Devassy, Albert C. Liu, Hwaili Soo
  • Patent number: 9034286
    Abstract: An exhaust system for a compression ignition engine comprising an oxidation catalyst for treating carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HCs) in exhaust gas from the compression ignition engine, wherein the oxidation catalyst comprises: a platinum group metal (PGM) component selected from the group consisting of a platinum (Pt) component, a palladium (Pd) component and a combination thereof; an alkaline earth metal component; a support material comprising a modified alumina incorporating a heteroatom component; and a substrate, wherein the platinum group metal (PGM) component, the alkaline earth metal component and the support material are disposed on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: David Bergeal, Andrew Francis Chiffey, John Benjamin Goodwin, Daniel Hatcher, Francois Moreau, Agnes Raj, Raj Rao Rajaram, Paul Richard Phillips, Cathal Prendergast
  • Patent number: 9034786
    Abstract: A catalyst which comprises nickel and/or cobalt supported on a support that includes a mixed oxide containing metals, such as aluminum, zirconium, lanthanum, magnesium, cerium, calcium, and yttrium. Such catalysts are useful for converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide, and for converting methane to hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Enerkem, Inc.
    Inventors: Prashant Kumar, David Lynch
  • Patent number: 9029286
    Abstract: A method of making a metal oxide nanoparticle comprising contacting an aqueous solution of a metal salt with an oxidant. The method is safe, environmentally benign, and uses readily available precursors. The size of the nanoparticles, which can be as small as 1 nm or smaller, can be controlled by selecting appropriate conditions. The method is compatible with biologically derived scaffolds, such as virus particles chosen to bind a desired material. The resulting nanoparticles can be porous and provide advantageous properties as a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Massachusettes Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Brian Neltner, Angela M. Belcher
  • Patent number: 9024090
    Abstract: A catalyst composition for converting ethanol to higher alcohols, such as butanol, is disclosed. The catalyst composition comprises at least one alkali metal, at least a second metal and a support. The second metal is selected from the group consisting of palladium, platinum, copper, nickel, and cobalt. The support is selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, ZrO2, MgO, TiO2, zeolite, ZnO, and a mixture thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Cheng Zhang, Kenneth Balliet, Victor J. Johnston
  • Patent number: 9018129
    Abstract: Disclosed is an exhaust gas purifying catalyst in which grain growth of a noble metal particle supported on a support is suppressed. Also disclosed is a production process for producing an exhaust gas purifying catalyst. The exhaust gas purifying catalyst comprises a crystalline metal oxide support and a noble metal particle supported on the support, wherein the noble metal particle is epitaxially grown on the support, and wherein the noble metal particle is dispersed and supported on the outer and inner surfaces of the support. The process for producing an exhaust gas purifying catalyst comprises masking, in a solution, at least a part of the surface of a crystalline metal oxide support by a masking agent, introducing the support into a noble metal-containing solution containing a noble metal, and drying and firing the support and the noble metal-containing solution to support the noble metal on the support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masao Watanabe, Oji Kuno, Nobusuke Kabashima, Keisuke Kishita, Noboru Otake, Hiromochi Tanaka
  • Publication number: 20150111723
    Abstract: A process for biomass catalytic cracking is disclosed herein. More specifically, the process is in presence of is a mixed metal oxide catalyst represented by the formula (X1O).(X2O)a.(X3YbO4) wherein X1, X2 and X3 are alkaline earth elements selected from the group of Mg, Ca, Be, Ba, and mixture thereof, and Y is a metal selected from the group of Al, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cr, Ga, B, La, P and mixture thereof, wherein the catalyst is formed by calcining at least one compound comprising at least one alkaline earth element and a metal element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Robert Bartek, Michael Brady, Dennis Stamires
  • Patent number: 9012350
    Abstract: The herein disclosed exhaust gas purification catalyst is an exhaust gas purification catalyst that is provided with a porous carrier 40 and palladium 50 supported on this porous carrier 40. The porous carrier 40 is provided with an alumina carrier 42 formed of alumina and with a CZ carrier 44 formed of a ceria-zirconia complex oxide. Barium is added to both the alumina carrier 42 and the CZ carrier 44. Here, an amount of barium added to the alumina carrier 42 is an amount that corresponds to 10 mass % to 15 mass % relative to a total mass of the alumina carrier 42 excluding the barium, and an amount of barium added to the CZ carrier 44 is an amount that corresponds to 5 mass % to 10 mass % relative to a total mass of the CZ carrier 44 excluding the barium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yuki Aoki
  • Patent number: 8968601
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst used for steam carbon dioxide reforming of natural gas, wherein an alkaline earth metal alone or an alkaline earth metal and a group 8B metal are supported on a hydrotalcite-like catalyst containing nickel, magnesium and aluminum. The disclosed catalyst is useful as a steam carbon dioxide reforming (SCR) catalyst of natural gas at high temperature and high pressure, while minimizing deactivation of the catalyst due to sintering of the active component nickel and deactivation of the catalyst due to coke generation at the same time. A synthesis gas prepared using the catalyst has a H2/CO molar ratio maintained at 1-2.2. A synthesis gas having a H2/CO molar ratio of 1.8-2.2 may be used as a raw material for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis or methanol synthesis and a synthesis gas having a H2/CO molar ratio of may be used as a raw material for dimethyl ether synthesis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Dong Ju Moon, Yun Ju Lee, Jae Sun Jung, Jin Hee Lee, Seung Hwan Lee, Bang Hee Kim, Hyun Jin Kim, Eun Hyeok Yang
  • Patent number: 8932774
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for producing gaseous hydrogen current or hydrogen-rich currents through hydrocarbon reforming with water vapor. Said catalyst comprises at least one support, an active phase and at least two promoting agents, and is characterized in that it is a metal-type-supported solid in which the active phase comprises at least one transition metal chosen from group VIII, and at least one promoting agent chosen from the alkaline-earth or transition metals; and the support comprises at least one mixed oxide with a basic nature, and at least one promoting agent chosen from among the lanthanides group. The invention also has as an object the process for preparing the catalyst, as well as its use in the process for obtaining the hydrogen or hydrogen-rich gas from hydrocarbons, in different operating conditions and using various types of hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Abengoa Hidrogeno, S.A.
    Inventors: Francisco Vicente Melo Faus, Natalia Morlanes Sánchez, Isidoro Morales Osorio, Belén Sarmiento Marrón, Marianela Martín Betancourt
  • Patent number: 8916491
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for producing a catalyst for carrying out methanation reactions. The production of the catalyst is based on contacting of a hydrotalcite-comprising starting material with a fusible metal salt. The compounds brought into contact with one another are intimately mixed, thermally treated so that the metal salt fraction melts and subsequently subjected to a low-temperature calcination step and a high-temperature calcination step. The metal salt melt comprises at least one metal selected from the group consisting of K, La, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Ce, preferably Ni. The metal salt melt more preferably comprises/contains nickel nitrate hexahydrate. The hydrotalcite-comprising starting material is preferably hydrotalcite or a hydrotalcite-like compound as starting material, and the hydrotalcite-comprising starting material preferably comprises magnesium and aluminum as metal species.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Claudia Querner, Andrian Milanov, Stephan Schunk, Andreas Strasser, Guido Wasserschaff, Thomas Roussiere
  • Patent number: 8912110
    Abstract: One embodiment is a catalyst for catalytic reforming of naphtha. The catalyst can have a noble metal including one or more of platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, osmium, and iridium, an alkali or alkaline-earth metal, a lanthanide-series metal, and a support. Generally, an average bulk density of the catalyst is about 0.300 to about 1.00 gram per cubic centimeter. The catalyst has a platinum content of less than about 0.375 wt %, a tin content of about 0.1 to about 2 wt %, a potassium content of about 100 to about 600 wppm, and a cerium content of about 0.1 to about 1 wt %. The lanthanide-series metal can be distributed at a concentration of the lanthanide-series metal in a 100 micron surface layer of the catalyst less than two times a concentration of the lanthanide-series metal at a central core of the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Manuela Serban, Mark P. Lapinski
  • Publication number: 20140357473
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are formed ceramic substrates comprising an oxide ceramic material, wherein the formed ceramic substrate comprises a low elemental alkali metal content, such as less than about 1000 ppm. Also disclosed are composite bodies comprising at least one catalyst and a formed ceramic substrate comprising an oxide ceramic material, wherein the composite body has a low elemental alkali metal content, such as less than about 1000 ppm, and methods for preparing the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2013
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Christian Bischof, Cameron Wayne Tanner, Patrick David Tepesch, Elizabeth Marie Vileno
  • Patent number: 8889078
    Abstract: A porous oxide catalyst includes porous oxide, and an oxygen vacancy-inducing metal which induces an oxygen vacancy in a lattice structure of a porous metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang-min Ji, Hyun-chul Lee, Doo-hwan Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Publication number: 20140332726
    Abstract: Disclosed is a hydrocarbon gas reforming supported catalyst, and methods for its use, that includes a catalytic material capable of catalyzing the production of a gaseous mixture comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide from a hydrocarbon gas, and a support material comprising an alkaline earth metal/metal oxide compound having a structure of D-E, wherein D is a M1 or M1M2, M1 and M2 each individually being an alkaline earth metal selected from the group consisting of Mg, Ca, Ba, and Sr, E is a metal oxide selected from the group consisting of Al2O4, SiO2, ZrO2, TiO2, and CeO2, wherein the catalytic material is attached to the support material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: SABIC Global Technologies B.V.
    Inventors: Lawrence D'SOUZA, Vinu VISWANATH
  • Patent number: 8883118
    Abstract: A process for producing the porous catalyst body for decomposing hydrocarbons, the body containing at least magnesium, aluminum and nickel, and has a pore volume of 0.01 to 0.5 cm3/g, an average pore diameter of not more than 3006 ? and an average crushing strength of not less than 3 kgf. The process includes molding hydrotalcite containing at least magnesium, aluminum and nickel, and calcining the resulting molded product at a temperature of 700 to 1500° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Toda Kogyo Corporation
    Inventors: Shinji Takahashi, Naoya Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8877675
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purifying catalyst includes: a catalyst particle unit having at least noble metal with a catalytic function, first oxides on which the catalyst noble metal is supported, and second oxides covering the first oxides on which the noble metal is supported. In catalyst powder formed of an aggregate of plural pieces of the catalyst particle units, at least one type of compounds selected from the group consisting of a transition element, an alkali earth metal element, an alkali metal element, and a rare earth element, which is a promoter component, are contained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masanori Nakamura, Hironori Wakamatsu, Tetsuro Naito, Katsuo Suga, Hiroto Kikuchi, Kazuyuki Shiratori
  • Patent number: 8871669
    Abstract: A catalyst composition is provided comprising a homogeneous solid mixture having ordered directionally aligned tubular meso-channel pores having an average diameter in a range of about 1 nanometer to about 15 nanometers, wherein the homogeneous solid mixture is prepared from a gel formed in the presence of a solvent, modifier, an inorganic salt precursor of a catalytic metal, an inorganic precursor of a metal inorganic network, and a templating agent. The templating agent comprises an octylphenol ethoxylate having a structure [I]: wherein “n” is an integer having a value of about 8 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Larry Neil Lewis, Oltea Puica Siclovan, Dan Hancu, Ashish Balkrishna Mhadeshwar, Ming Yin
  • Patent number: 8853123
    Abstract: Disclosed is a lean NOx trap (LNT) catalyst with enhanced NOx storage capacity at low temperature. More particularly, an LNT catalyst with enhanced NOx storage capacity at low temperature and significantly inhibited thermal desorption is prepared by coating a washcoat on a honeycomb-type carrier and drying and baking the same. The washcoat contains a first catalyst powder in which barium (Ba) and a precious metal are supported on a ceria support, and a second catalyst powder in which a precious metal is supported on a magnesium (Mg)-substituted alumina support The LNT catalyst of the present invention is useful as a NOx reducing catalyst for a passenger diesel vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventor: Chang Ho Jung
  • Publication number: 20140275661
    Abstract: In an oxychlorination process of the type where ethylene is converted to 1,2-dichloroethane in the presence of a supported copper catalyst, the improvement comprising: the use of a supported catalyst prepared by (i) impregnating, within a first step, an alumina support with a first aqueous solution including copper, an alkaline earth metal, and an alkali metal to thereby form a first catalyst component; and (ii) impregnating, within a subsequent step, the first catalyst component with a second aqueous solution including copper and alkaline earth metal, where the second aqueous solution is substantially devoid of alkali metal, to thereby form the supported catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: Keith KRAMER
  • Patent number: 8834835
    Abstract: A catalytic water gas shift process at temperatures above about 450° C. up to about 900° C. or so wherein the catalyst includes rhenium deposited on a support, preferably without a precious metal, wherein the support is prepared from a high surface area material, such as a mixed metal oxide, particularly a mixture of zirconia and ceria, to which may be added one or more of a high surface area transitional alumina, an alkali or alkaline earth metal dopant and/or an additional dopant selected from Ga, Nd, Pr, W, Ge, Fe, oxides thereof and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignees: Clariant Corporation, L'Air Liquide, Société Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procédés Georges Claude
    Inventors: Jon P. Wagner, Michael W. Balakos, Chandra Ratnasamy
  • Patent number: 8802044
    Abstract: The invention relates to a filtration structure, for filtering a gas coming from a diesel engine, which is laden with gaseous pollutants of the nitrogen oxide NOx type and with solid particles, of the particulate filter type, said filtration structure being characterized in that it includes a catalytic system comprising at least one noble metal or transition metal suitable for reducing the NOx and a support material, in which said support material comprises or is made of a zirconium oxide partially substituted with a trivalent cation M3+ or with a divalent cation M?2+, said zirconium oxide being in a reduced, oxygen-sub-stoichiometric, state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignees: Saint-Gobain Centre de Recherches et d'Etudes Europeen, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Philippe Vernoux, Abdelkader Hadjar, Agnes Princivalle, Christian Guizard
  • Publication number: 20140221196
    Abstract: Silver based ethylene oxide catalysts having enhanced stability are disclosed. The enhanced stability silver based ethylene oxide catalysts include an alumina carrier which has been modified to include cavities on the surface of the carrier. The presence of the cavities on the surface of the modified carrier stops or at least impedes the motion of silver particles on the surface of the carrier during an epoxidation process. In particular, the cavities on the surface of the alumina carrier effectively trap and/or anchor silver particles and prevent them from further motion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: Scientific Design Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Wojciech Suchanek, Andrzej Rokicki
  • Patent number: 8791280
    Abstract: This invention relates to catalyst carriers to be used as supports for metal and metal oxide catalyst components of use in a variety of chemical reactions. More specifically, the invention provides a process of formulating an alpha alumina carrier that is suitable as a support for silver and the use of such catalyst in chemical reactions, especially the epoxidation of ethylene to ethylene oxide. The composition comprises at least one hydrated precursor of alpha alumina; an optional alpha alumina; and a binder. The composition is substantially free of seeding particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: SD Lizenzverwertungsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Nabil Rizkalla
  • Patent number: 8785343
    Abstract: This invention relates to a mesoporous carbon supported copper based catalyst comprising mesoporous carbon, a copper component and an auxiliary element supported on said mesoporous carbon, production and use thereof. The catalyst is cheap in cost, friendly to the environment, and satisfactory in high temperature resistance to sintering, with a highly improved and a relatively stable catalytic activity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignees: China Petroleum & Chemical Corp., Sinopec Yangzi Petrochemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jingwei Liu, Zezhuang Li, Shaohui Chen, Aiwu Yang, Jiye Bai, Lijuan Liu, Yingwu Wang
  • Patent number: 8771624
    Abstract: An Object of the patent is to remove highly reducing hydrocarbon exhausted during acceleration period, and to remove efficiently hydrocarbon even after contacting with highly reducing hydrocarbon. By using a catalyst having a higher proportion of palladium having surface charge of 2-valence or 4-valence supported than that of 0-valence by supporting palladium together with magnesium oxide, hydrocarbon exhausted from an internal combustion engine especially during acceleration period can be efficiently removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignees: Umicore Shokubai Japan Co., Ltd, Umicore Shokubai USA Inc.
    Inventors: Masanori Ikeda, Hideki Goto, Kosuke Mikita
  • Publication number: 20140171695
    Abstract: A catalyst composition for converting ethanol to higher alcohols, such as butanol, is disclosed. The catalyst composition comprises at least one alkali metal, at least a second metal and a support. The second metal is selected from the group consisting of palladium, platinum, copper, nickel, and cobalt. The support is selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, ZrO2, MgO, TiO2, zeolite, ZnO, and a mixture thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: CELANESE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Cheng Zhang, Kenneth Balliet, Victor J. Johnston
  • Patent number: 8741242
    Abstract: A NOx storage component comprises caesium silicate (Cs2SiO3) and at least one platinum group metal. The invention also includes a NOx absorber catalyst comprising a NOx storage component according to the invention disposed on a substrate monolith; a method of treating exhaust gas containing NOx from a lean burn internal combustion engine comprising the steps of contacting a NOx storage component comprising caesium silicate (Cs2SiO3) and at least one platinum group metal with lean exhaust gas containing NOx to adsorb NOx thereon; and periodically desorbing adsorbed NOx by contacting the NOx storage component with stoichiometric or rich exhaust gas; and a method of making a NOx storage component according to the invention comprising the steps of combining and reacting an aqueous salt of at least one platinum group metal, an aqueous caesium salt and a source of silica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: Jonathan Ashley Cooper, Michael Anthony Howard
  • Patent number: 8734743
    Abstract: Described is a nitrogen oxide storage catalyst comprising: a substrate; a first washcoat layer provided on the substrate, the first washcoat layer comprising a nitrogen oxide storage material, a second washcoat layer provided on the first washcoat layer, the second washcoat layer comprising a hydrocarbon trap material, wherein the hydrocarbon trap material comprises substantially no element or compound in a state in which it is capable of catalyzing selective catalytic reduction, preferably wherein the hydrocarbon trap material comprises substantially no element or compound in a state in which it is capable of catalyzing a reaction wherein nitrogen oxide is reduced to N2, said catalyst further comprising a nitrogen oxide conversion material which is either comprised in the second washcoat layer and/or in a washcoat layer provided between the first washcoat layer and the second washcoat layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Torsten W. Müller-Stach, Susanne Stiebels, Edith Schneider, Torsten Neubauer
  • Patent number: 8735318
    Abstract: A catalyst for NOx storage and reduction may include a carrier that contains alkali metal and Al, or alkali earth metal and Al, a NOx storage element of alkali metal, alkali earth metal or rare earth element, and one or more noble metals that are selected from the group consisting of Pt, Pd, Ru, Ag, Au and Rh. The catalyst for NOx storage and reduction shows excellent NOx storage and reduction capability, maintains excellent storage and reduction capability especially before and after deterioration and sulfation, and shows excellent catalytic activity under low temperature environment, while maintaining unusually high hydrophobicity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: In-Sik Nam, Sang Jun Park, Jin Ha Lee, Young-Kee Youn
  • Patent number: 8735317
    Abstract: The present invention relates to petrochemistry, gas chemistry, coal chemistry, particularly the invention relates to a catalyst for synthesis of hydrocarbons from CO and H2 and a preparation method thereof. The catalyst is pelletized and comprises at least Raney cobalt as active component in an amount of 1-40% by weight based on the total weight of the catalyst, metallic aluminium in an amount of 25-94% by weight based on the total weight of the catalyst and a binder in an amount of 5-30% by weight based on the total weight of the catalyst. The present invention provides the catalyst stability to overheating and high productivity of hydrocarbons C5-C100 for synthesis of hydrocarbons from CO and H2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Infra XTL Technology Limited
    Inventors: Vladimir Zalmanovich Mordkovich, Lilia Vadimova Sineva, Igor Grigorievich Solomonik, Vadim Sergeevich Ermolaev, Eduard Borisovich Mitberg
  • Publication number: 20140135208
    Abstract: The present invention a catalyst that includes a metallic or ceramic foam catalyst support having surfaces within the foam for the placement of a catalytic material, and an active catalyst material which is applied by washcoating or dipping.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour I'Etude et I'Expoitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Daniel Gary, Pavol Pranda, Tony Mathew Thampan
  • Patent number: 8722001
    Abstract: A catalyst for the purification of exhaust gas that can be used to highly efficiently treat an exhaust gas which has moisture and fluctuates between an oxidizing atmosphere and a reducing atmosphere even after the catalyst is exposed to a high temperature is provided. The present invention relates to a catalyst for the purification of exhaust gas having a catalyst layer of catalyst components comprising a noble metal, magnesium oxide, and a refractory inorganic oxide formed on a three-dimensional structure, wherein the catalyst layer has two peaks originated from the magnesium oxide in a pore distribution obtained by mercury intrusion technique.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignees: Umicore Shokubai Japan Co., Ltd., Umicore Shokubai USA, Inc.
    Inventors: Mariko Ono, Akihisa Okumura
  • Patent number: 8716165
    Abstract: A method for providing a catalyst on a substrate is disclosed comprising providing a first washcoat comprising a soluble washcoat salt species, a polar organic solvent, and an insoluble particulate material, contacting the first washcoat with a substrate to form a coated substrate, and then contacting the coated substrate with a second washcoat comprising an oxide or an oxide-supported catalyst to physisorb, chemisorb, bond, or otherwise adhere the oxide or the oxide-supported catalyst to the coated substrate. Also disclosed is a catalyst on a substrate comprising: a substrate; an anchor layer comprising a soluble washcoat salt species, a polar organic solvent, and an insoluble particulate material; and a second layer comprises an oxide or an oxide-supported catalyst. The catalyst on a substrate can be in either green or fired form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventor: William Peter Addiego
  • Publication number: 20140121433
    Abstract: Catalytic forms and formulations are provided. The catalytic forms and formulations are useful in a variety of catalytic reactions, for example, the oxidative coupling of methane. Related methods for use and manufacture of the same are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Inventors: Joel M. Cizeron, Fabio R. Zurcher, Jarod McCormick, Joel Gamoras, Roger Vogel, Joel David Vincent, Greg Nyce, Wayne P. Schammel, Erik C. Scher, Daniel Rosenberg, Erik-Jan Ras, Erik Freer
  • Patent number: 8703643
    Abstract: A catalyst for NOx storage and reduction may include a carrier that contains alkali metal and Al, or alkali earth metal and Al, a NOx storage element of alkali metal, alkali earth metal or rare earth element, and one or more noble metals that are selected from the group consisting of Pt, Pd, Ru, Ag, Au and Rh. The catalyst for NOx storage and reduction shows excellent NOx storage and reduction capability, maintains excellent storage and reduction capability especially before and after deterioration and sulfation, and shows excellent catalytic activity under low temperature environment, while maintaining unusually high hydrophobicity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: In-Sik Nam, Sang Jun Park, Jin Ha Lee, Young-Kee Youn
  • Patent number: 8680350
    Abstract: Unsaturated hydrocarbons are hydrogenated over catalysts which comprise copper and zinc and whose active composition, in unreduced form, consists essentially of from 10 to 95% by weight of copper oxide, calculated as copper(II) oxide (CuO), from 5 to 90% by weight of zinc oxide (ZnO), optionally from 0.1 to 50% by weight of zirconium dioxide (ZrO2) and optionally from 0.1% by weight to 50% by weight of Al2O3, the proportions by weight adding up to 100% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Stephan Hatscher, Michael Hesse
  • Publication number: 20140073758
    Abstract: The invention provides a polycondensation catalyst for producing polyester by an esterification reaction or a transesterification reaction between a dicarboxylic acid or an ester-forming derivative thereof and a glycol, wherein the polycondensation catalyst comprises particles of a solid base having on the surfaces an inner coating layer of titanic acid in an amount of from 0.1 to 50 parts by weight in terms of TiO2 per 100 parts by weight of the solid base, and an outer coating layer either of an oxide of at least one element selected from aluminum, zirconium and silicon, or of a composite oxide of at least two elements selected from aluminum, zirconium and silicon on the surface of the inner coating layer in an amount of from 1 to 50 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the solid base.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: SAKAI CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Keiichi TABATA, Akihiro KAMON, Keiichi IKEGAWA, Jun NAITO
  • Patent number: 8637719
    Abstract: The invention concerns a catalyst comprising a porous support, palladium, at least one metal selected from the group constituted by alkalis and alkaline-earths, in which: the specific surface area of the porous support is in the range 50 to 210 m2/g; the palladium content in the catalyst is in the range 0.05% to 2% by weight; at least 80% by weight of the palladium is distributed in a crust at the periphery of the support, the thickness of said crust being in the range 20 to 200 ?m; the metallic dispersion D is in the range 25% to 70%; the density of the palladium particles in the crust is in the range 1500 to 4100 particles of palladium per ?m2; and said alkali and/or alkaline-earth metal is distributed homogeneously across the support. The invention also concerns the preparation of the catalyst and its use in selective hydrogenation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Lars Fischer, Carine Petit-Clair, Cecile Thomazeau, Lois Sorbier, Catherine Verdon
  • Patent number: 8633129
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for preparing a chemical composition obtained by co-impregnating water-soluble salts Ba/Mg and phosphoric acid H3PO4 on boehmite alumina which has been calcined in the presence of water vapor. Said chemical composition is used as an additive in the catalytic cracking process in order to capture metals originating from the charge, particularly vanadium, in the presence of SO2 and thus to protect the activity and selectivity of the catalytic cracking catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: Ecopetrol S.A.
    Inventors: Luis Oswaldo Almanza Rubiano, Luis Javier Hoyos Marin, Cesar Vergel Hernández
  • Patent number: 8633130
    Abstract: The invention relates to chemical compositions that can be used for hydrocarbon catalytic cracking processes with vanadium as a contaminant, including an active phase formed by different pyrophosphates M2P2O7 (M=Ba or Ca) supported on a mixture of magnesium and aluminum oxide, preferably magnesium aluminate in the spinel phase. The composition captures the metals originating from the charge, particularly vanadium, and thus protects the catalyst. Said composition is preferably used in the form of a separated particle in order to the control the addition thereof to the unit according to the metal content of the charge. The invention also relates to the method for preparing said composition, including synthesis of pyrophosphates, formation of a suspension of boehmite alumina, magnesium oxide or magnesium hydroxide, together with oxides M2P2O7, spray drying and calcination of the microspheres without generating any loss in the crystalline structure of oxides M2P2O7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: Ecopetrol S.A.
    Inventors: Luis Oswaldo Almanza Rubiano, Luis Javier Hoyos Marin, Cesar Augusto Vergel Hernández
  • Patent number: 8623782
    Abstract: There is provided by the present invention a process for preparing a copper-based catalyst having good catalytic activity, markedly excellent durability and good reproducibility. The process for preparing a copper-based catalyst of the invention is a process for preparing a catalyst composed of metal oxides containing copper oxide as an essential component and is characterized by comprising the following steps: (1) a step of bringing an acidic metal salt solution containing copper and a precipitant solution into contact with each other to obtain a slurry solution containing a precipitate of a catalyst precursor, and (2) a step of continuously bringing the slurry solution and a wash liquid into contact with each other to wash the precipitate, with substantially keeping the suspended state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Masami Murakami, Ken Maeda, Yuya Goto
  • Patent number: 8623778
    Abstract: Catalyst compositions include finely divided nanoscale particles of at least one supported oxide selected from among zirconium oxide, titanium oxide or a mixed zirconium/titanium oxide deposited onto an alumina-based or aluminum-oxyhydroxide-based support, wherein, after calcination for 4 hours at 900° C., the at least one support oxide is in the form of nanoscale particles deposited onto the support, the size of said particles being at most 10 nm when the at least one supported oxide is based is zirconium oxide and being at most 15 nm when the at least one supported oxide is titanium oxide or a mixed zirconium/titanium oxide; such catalyst compositions are especially useful for the selective reduction of NOx.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Rhodia Operations
    Inventors: Stephan Verdier, Guillaume Criniere, Simon Ifrah, Rui Jorge Coelho Marques
  • Patent number: 8609575
    Abstract: A catalyst of one or more complex oxides having a nominal composition as set out in formula (1): AxB1-y-zMyPzOn (1) wherein A is selected from one or more group III elements including the lanthanide elements or one or more divalent or monovalent cations; B is selected from one or more elements with atomic number 22 to 24, 40 to 42 and 72 to 75; M is selected from one or more elements with atomic number 25 to 30; P is selected from one or more elements with atomic number 44 to 50 and 76 to 83; x is defined as a number where 0<x?1; y is defined as a number where 0?y<0.5; and z is defined as a number where 0<z<0.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Very Small Particle Company Limited
    Inventors: Peter Cade Talbot, Jose Antonio Alarco, Geoffrey Alan Edwards
  • Patent number: 8603937
    Abstract: A process is provided for preparing a carrier which process comprises incorporating into the carrier at any stage of the carrier preparation a strength-enhancing additive. Also provided is the resultant carrier having incorporated therein a strength-enhancing additive and a catalyst comprising the carrier. Also provided is a process for the epoxidation of an olefin employing the catalyst. Also provided is a method of using the olefin oxide so produced for making a 1,2-diol, a 1,2-diol ether or an alkanolamine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Randall Clayton Yeates, John Robert Lockemeyer, Marek Matusz
  • Patent number: 8592767
    Abstract: Disclosed are tunable catalysts and methods of controlling the activity of a catalyst. For example, disclosed are methods of controlling the activity of a catalyst, comprising providing a catalyst, comprising a ferroelectric substrate of finite thickness comprising two opposing surfaces, the ferroelectric substrate being characterized as having a polarization; an electrode surmounting one of the surfaces of the ferroelectric substrate; and a catalytically active material surmounting the surface of the ferroelectric substrate opposing the electrode; and subjecting the ferroelectric substrate to a controllable electric field to give rise to a modulation of the polarization of the ferroelectric substrate, whereby the modulation of the polarization controllably alters the activity of one or more chemical species on the catalytically active material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: The Trustees of The University of Pennsylvania
    Inventors: Andrew M. Rappe, Alexie M. Kolpak, Ilya Grinberg