At Least Six Carbon Atoms Patents (Class 526/348.2)
  • Patent number: 11286315
    Abstract: The invention relates to a polyethylene having a melt flow rate at (2.16) kg loading (MFR2), determined according to method ISO1133-1:2011, which MFR2 is A g/10 min and A1?A?A2; wherein A1 is (0.5) and A2 is (1.70), and containing a total amount of vinyl groups which is B vinyl groups per (1000) carbon atoms, and B1?B, wherein B1 is (0.45), determined according to method ASTM D6248-98, a polymer composition, an article being e.g. a cable, e.g. a power cable, and processes for producing a polyethylene, a polymer composition and an article, and an article; useful in different end applications, such as wire and cable (W&C) applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2022
    Assignee: Borealis AG
    Inventors: Annika Smedberg, Emil Hjärtfors, Villgot Englund, Per-Ola Hagstrand, Bernt-Åke Sultan, Thomas Hjertberg
  • Patent number: 10865129
    Abstract: A scalable and moveable phytoremediation cell and system that uses perlite medium surrounding a poplar or willow tree root zone in a cell that results in excellent organic and mineral pollutant treatment. COC removal is achieved by pollutant sorption, increased microbial mineralization activity, fluctuating redox potential, and achieving faster break down of pollutants to achieve regulated water quality standards. The cell reactor system uses photosynthesis and rhizosphere dynamics to create a predictable reactor into carbon-rich microbial biomass mass to remove waste water pollutants (COC). The cell uses <10% of the energy required for alternative tertiary treatment system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Inventor: Louis A. Licht
  • Patent number: 10815321
    Abstract: A process for producing an ethylene-based polymer comprises polymerizing, by the presence of at least one free-radical initiator and using a high pressure tubular polymerization process, a reaction mixture containing ethylene and at least one CTA system comprising one or more CTA components to produce the ethylene-based polymer. The free-radical initiator is dissolved in a solvent comprising a saturated hydrocarbon to form an initiator solution which is added to the polymerization using an initiator feed line to an initiator injection pump. At least 50 wt % of the solvent has i) a dry point of less than or equal to 160° C. and ii) an initial boiling point of greater than or equal to 100° C. The polymerization process has a ratio of inlet pressure to first peak temperature of less than or equal to 9 Bar/° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Cornelis F J Den Doelder, Stefan Hinrichs, Eva-Maria Kupsch, Otto J. Berbee, Rajesh P. Paradkar, Bernard A. Fehr, Carmelo Declet Perez
  • Patent number: 10759958
    Abstract: An aqueous based blend composition including (a) an aqueous polyolefin dispersion comprising the melt blending product of one or more base polymers and one or more stabilizing agents in the presence of water and optionally one or more neutralizing agents, having an average volume particle size diameter from 400 to 1500 nm, and a pH from 8 to 11; and (b) from 0.1 to 50 percent by weight based on the solid content of the dispersion one or more crosslinking agents is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignees: Dow Global Technologies, LLC, Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Denise Lindenmuth, Joceyln Gruver, Ann R. Hermes, Ray E. Drumright
  • Patent number: 9757926
    Abstract: This invention discloses a multi-layer film for making pouches for containing flowable materials, said multi-layer film comprising generally five layers in order: inner sealant-layer, first interposed layer, the core layer, second interposed layer, and the outer sealant layer. The sealant and core layers are ethylene-based, whereas the interposed layers are polypropylene-based. The multi-layer film thickness is in the range of from about 35 microns to about 66 microns. The combined thickness of the first and the second interposed layers is in the range of from about 10% to about 27% of the total thickness of said multi-layer film. Similarly, a combined thickness of the inner and the outer sealant-layers is in the range of from about 10% to about 27% of the total thickness of the multi-layer film. The interposed layers comprise polypropylene that has a melt-index of less than 0.75 dg/min.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Assignee: Liqui-Box Corporation
    Inventor: Alan Keith Breck
  • Patent number: 9732300
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are oligomerization processes using feedstocks containing propylene to produce an oligomer product, and methods for recovering a propylene oligomer from the oligomer product. The resultant propylene oligomer can be characterized by a Mn in a range from 250 to 10,000 g/mol, a viscosity index of at least 85, and a pour point in a range from ?5 to ?60° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: Chevron Phillipa Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Uriah J. Kilgore, Graham R. Lief, Eric J. Haschke
  • Patent number: 9611342
    Abstract: The invention relates to a multi-zone reactor for the continuous fluidized bed polymerization of one or more ?-olefin monomers of which at least one is ethylene or propylene, which multi-zone reactor is operable in condensed mode, which multi-zone reactor comprises a first zone, a second zone, a third zone, a fourth zone and a distribution plate, wherein the second zone contains an inner wall, wherein the third zone contains an inner wall, wherein at least part of the inner wall of the third zone is either in the form of a gradually increasing inner diameter or a continuously opening cone, wherein the diameter or the opening increases in the vertical direction towards the top of the multi-zone reactor, wherein the largest diameter of the inner wall of the third zone is larger than the largest diameter of the inner wall of the second zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignees: SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V., SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yahya Banat, Jose Fernando Cevallos-Candau
  • Patent number: 9290594
    Abstract: The present invention provides a system and process for olefin polymerization. The inventive system and process for olefin polymerization facilitate lower operating vacuum pressures in the polymer recovery system by requiring at least two sequential condensing units, wherein at least one of the condensing units operates at significantly lower temperature ranges than the temperature ranges at which the current systems operate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Gary A. Camp, Mitch Juneau, Robert D. Swindoll
  • Patent number: 9156970
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are polymerization processes for the production of olefin polymers. These polymerization processes can employ a catalyst system containing two or three metallocene components, resulting in ethylene-based copolymers that can have a medium density and improved stress crack resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Mark L. Hlavinka, Errun Ding, Paul DesLauriers, Yongwoo Inn, Lili Cui, Qing Yang, Ashish Sukhadia, Guylaine St. Jean, Richard M. Buck
  • Patent number: 9102821
    Abstract: The present invention provides a polymerization process utilizing a dual metallocene catalyst system for the production of broad or bimodal molecular weight distribution polymers, generally, in the absence of added hydrogen. Polymers produced from the polymerization process are also provided, and these polymers can have a Mn in a range from about 9,000 to about 30,000 g/mol, and a short chain branch content that decreases as molecular weight increases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Qing Yang, Max P. McDaniel, Tony R. Crain, Youlu Yu
  • Publication number: 20150148506
    Abstract: A gas-phase polyolefin reactor system for rapidly transitioning from one polyolefin product to another is disclosed. The reactor system comprises a control valve, a high-flow valve, a polyolefin reactor, a flow meter, a totalizer and an empirical model. During a transition, the empirical model predicts a required amount based upon an initial concentration and a selected ending concentration, the flow meter measures a flow rate, the totalizer determines a totalized amount when the flow rate of the first stream reaches the required amount based upon the measured flow rate and outputs the totalized amount to the empirical model, and the empirical model compares the required amount to the totalized amount and determines a transition endpoint. A method of rapidly transitioning the reactor system from one polyolefin product to another is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2015
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: Ineos USA, LLC
    Inventors: Gregory Dudish, Ernest Chan
  • Publication number: 20150133608
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a moulded article comprising a polypropylene composition, wherein the polypropylene composition comprises comonomer units derived from ethylene in an amount of from 0.5 wt % to 35 wt %, and from at least one C5-12 alpha-olefin in an amount of from 1.0 mol % to 3.0 mol %, wherein the polypropylene composition has an amount of xylene solubles XS of from 20 wt % to 39 wt %, and the xylene solubles have an amount of ethylene-derived comonomer units of from 4.0 wt % to 70 wt %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventor: Kristin Reichelt
  • Patent number: 9023960
    Abstract: Provided is a method of producing an ?-olefin polymer including a step of polymerizing one or more kinds of ?-olefins each having 6 to 20 carbon atoms with a catalyst obtained by using a specific transition metal compound. By the method, an ?-olefin polymer having a viscosity suitable for use in a lubricating oil can be produced on an industrial scale with ease, and further, the characteristics of the product can be widely changed through the control of reaction conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kiyokazu Katayama, Hideaki Noda, Hitomi Shimizu, Kiyohiko Yokota
  • Publication number: 20150112005
    Abstract: Improved reaction processes comprise reacting a mixture to form a product comprising a metal alkyl, metal oxide, or mixture thereof and then passing said product to a post-reactor heat exchanger. The improvement comprises one or more of the following: (1) reacting said metal alkyl compound with an acid to produce a soluble metal ester; or (2) adding an ionic surfactant; or (3) adding a mixture comprising an antioxidant to the product under conditions sufficient to avoid formation of significant amounts of insoluble metal or metal compounds derived from said metal alkyl compound; or (4) purging said post-reactor heat exchanger with an inert gas under conditions to remove metal oxide from the post-reactor heat exchanger.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Anthony J. Castelluccio, Jeffrey J. Dean, Alec Y. Wang, Lindsey A. Clark, Pradeep Jain, Roger L. Kuhlman, Angela N. Taha, Larry S. Green, Gary R. Marchand, Sean W. Ewart, Jeffrey A. Sims, Chris E. Blaschke, Brandon Fails
  • Patent number: 9006367
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are broad molecular weight distribution olefin polymers having densities in the 0.895 to 0.930 g/cm3 range, and with improved impact and tear resistance. These polymers can have a ratio of Mw/Mn in the 8 to 35 range, a high load melt index in the 4 to 50 range, less than about 0.008 LCB per 1000 total carbon atoms, and a reverse comonomer distribution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Max P. McDaniel, Ashish M. Sukhadia, Errun Ding, Chung Ching Tso, Albert P. Masino, Qing Yang, Lloyd W. Guatney, Guylaine St. Jean, Daniel G. Hert
  • Patent number: 9000115
    Abstract: The present description relates to olefin block copolymers having excellent elasticity and processability in conjunction with enhanced heat resistance, and to a preparation method thereof. The olefin block copolymers comprise a plurality of blocks or segments that comprise ethylene or propylene repeating units and ?-olefin repeating units at different mole fractions from one another, wherein the block copolymer shows peaks at the 2? of 21.5±0.5° and 23.7±0.5° in a wide-angle x-ray diffraction (WAXD) pattern, and the peak ratio defined by (the peak area at 21.5±0.5°)/(the peak area at 23.7±0.5°) is no more than 3.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yong Ho Lee, Manseong Jeon, Heon-Yong Kwon, Min-Seok Cho, Seon Kyoung Kim, Dae-Sik Hong, Se Hui Sohn, Ki-Soo Lee, Kyoung-Chan Lim
  • Publication number: 20150094435
    Abstract: The present specification describes a transition metal compound having a novel structure, a catalytic composition including the same, and a method for preparing a polymer using the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Yoonhee CHO, Youngshil Do, Yun Jin Lee, A Rim Kim, Choong Hoon Lee, Seung Hwan Jung
  • Patent number: 8993692
    Abstract: A process for polymerizing ethylene to produce an ethylene-based polymer including contacting ethylene with a Ziegler-Natta procatalyst, an alkylaluminum cocatalyst and a self limiting agent selected from the group of aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, substituted cycloaliphatic or aromatic esters, anhydrides and amides such that the self limiting agent reduces polymerization rates to no greater than 40% of the polymerization rate in the absence of the self limiting agent at temperatures equal to or greater than 120° C. is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Robert J. Jorgensen, Sean W. Ewart, Richard E. Campbell, Jr., Daryoosh Beigzadeh, Robert D. Froese, Peter M. Margl
  • Patent number: 8993693
    Abstract: A Ziegler-Natta catalyzed ethylene copolymer having a novel composition distribution in which comonomers are incorporated into the high molecular weight polymer molecules and distributed evenly among the entire polyethylene chains, and a method for making the same are provided. The resins having a novel composition distribution have controlled molecular weight distribution which is narrower than conventional ZN-ethylene copolymers but broader than single-site catalyzed ethylene copolymers. The resins having a novel composition distribution exhibit a superior tear strength and impact strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Formosa Plastics Corporation
    Inventors: Honglan Lu, Guangxue Xu
  • Patent number: 8993694
    Abstract: Provided is a homogeneous catalytic system for use in preparing an ethylene homopolymer or a copolymer of ethylene and ?-olefin, and more particularly a Group 4 transition metal compound in which a cyclopentadienyl derivative 3,4-positions of which are substituted with alkyls and an electron-donating substituent are crosslinked around a Group 4 transition metal. Also provided is a method of preparing an ethylene homopolymer or a copolymer of ethylene and ?-olefin, having high molecular weight, under high-temperature solution polymerization conditions using the catalytic system including such a transition metal compound and a co-catalyst composed of an aluminum compound, a boron compound or a mixture thereof. The catalyst according to present invention has high thermal stability and enables the incorporation of ?-olefin, and is thus effective in preparing an ethylene homopolymer or a copolymer of ethylene and ?-olefin, having various properties, in industrial polymerization processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hoseong Lee, Jongsok Hahn, Dongcheol Shin, Hyosun Lee, Chunji Wu
  • Publication number: 20150087794
    Abstract: A polymerization process comprising (A) polymerizing ethylene in the presence of a catalyst to form a semi-crystalline ethylene-based polymer in at least one reactor; the catalyst comprising an organometallic catalyst thereby forming an ethylene-based polymer composition in the at least one reactor, wherein the catalyst is a metal complex of a polyvalent aryloxyether corresponding to the formula: wherein step (A) is conducted in the presence of from 5 to 20 mmol/m3 triethylaluminum; and wherein step (A) is conducted in the presence of one or both of the following conditions: (i) from greater than 0:1 to 65:1 molar ratio of triethylaluminum to the catalyst; and (ii) from 0.1:0 to 5:1 molar ratio of triethylaluminum to modified methylalumoxane is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Ludovicus JC Sluijts, Armanda Van Putten, Ian M. Munro
  • Patent number: 8987398
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an ethylene-based terpolymer having high elasticity and a preparation method thereof, and more particularly, to a highly elastic, ethylene-based terpolymer, which comprises a specific molar ratio of a ethylene unit, a C6-12 ?-olefin unit and at least one functional unit selected from the group consisting of divinylbenzene and para-methylstyrene and to a method of preparing the highly elastic, ethylene-based terpolymer using a metallocene catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Industrial Technology
    Inventors: Dong Hyun Kim, Joon Chul Lee, Hyun Ki Kim, Tae Wan Kim
  • Patent number: 8987393
    Abstract: The invention relates to a new catalyst component for the polymerization of olefins comprising a compound of formula CyLMZp, wherein M is a Group 4-6 metal, Z is an anionic ligand, p is the number of anionic ligands, Cy is a mono- or poly-substituted cyclopentadienyl-type ligand and L is a guanidinate ligand of the formula wherein: each A is independently selected from nitrogen or phosphorus and R, R1, R2 and R3 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, hydrocarbyl, silyl and germyl residues, substituted or not with one or more halogen, amido, phosphido, alkoxy, or aryloxy radicals. The invention also relates to a catalyst system for the polymerization of olefins and a process for the polymerization of at least one olefin having 2 to 20 carbon atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: LANXESS Elastomers B.V.
    Inventors: Gerardus Henricus Josephus Van Doremaele, Martin Alexander Zuideveld, Victor Fidel Quiroga Norambuena, Alexandra LeBlanc
  • Publication number: 20150075616
    Abstract: An encapsulating material for solar cell of the invention contains an ethylene/?-olefin copolymer, and a content of a fluorine element in the ethylene/?-olefin copolymer, which is determined using a combustion method and an ion chromatograph method, is equal to or less than 30 ppm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Shigenobu Ikenaga, Fumito Takeuchi, Tomoaki Ito
  • Patent number: 8981028
    Abstract: Copolymers, especially multi-block copolymer containing therein two or more segments or blocks differing in tacticity, are prepared by polymerizing propylene, 4-methyl-1-pentene, or another C4-8 ?-olefin in the presence of a composition comprising the admixture or reaction product resulting from combining: (A) a first metal complex olefin polymerization catalyst, (B) a second metal complex olefin polymerization catalyst capable of preparing polymers differing in tacticity from the polymer prepared by catalyst (A) under equivalent polymerization conditions, and (C) a chain shuttling agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventor: Phillip D. Hustad
  • Patent number: 8981029
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for polymerization, comprising (i) contacting, at a temperature greater than 35° C., one or more monomers comprising ethylene and/or propylene, with a catalyst system comprising a metallocene catalyst compound and an activator, (ii) converting at least 50 mol % of the monomer to polyolefin; and (iii) obtaining a branched polyolefin having greater than 50% allyl chain ends, relative to total unsaturated chain ends. The invention also relates to the branched polyolefins and functionalized branched polyolefins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Peijun Jiang, Patrick Brant
  • Patent number: 8975353
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for producing an ?-olefin polymer comprising polymerizing or copolymerizing (a) C3 or higher ?-olefin(s) in the presence of an olefin polymerization catalyst comprising solid titanium catalyst component (I) containing titanium, magnesium, halogen, and a compound with a specific structure having two or more ether linkages and organometallic catalyst component (II) with high catalytic activity. In this process, particularly even in (co)polymerizing (a) higher olefin(s), demineralization is unnecessary. A 4-methyl-1-pentene-based polymer obtained by polymerization using the catalyst of the present invention is excellent in tacticity, transparency, heat resistance, and releasability, and the polymer is particularly suitable for a release film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Tooru Tanaka, Tetsunori Shinozaki
  • Patent number: 8969495
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions and processes of making ethylene/?-olefins. More particularly, the invention relates to processes of producing ethylene/?-olefin compositions having a controlled molecular weight distribution. The molecular weight distribution is controlled, for example, by controlling the relative monomer concentrations during contact with a pre-catalyst and/or using a catalyst comprising a catalytic amount of a molecule having the structure: wherein M=group 2-8 metal, preferably group 4 as a neutral or charged moiety; Y=any substituent including fused rings; L=any ligating group, especially a pyridyl or pyridylamide; X=alkyl, aryl, substituted alkyl, H or hydride, halide, or other anionic moiety; y=an integer from 0 to the complete valence of M; R=alkyl, aryl, haloalkyl, haloaryl, hydrogen, etc; x=1-6, especially 2; Dashed line=optional bond, especially a weak bond; and X and (CR2)x may be tethered or part of a ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Phillip D. Hustad, Roger L. Kuhlman, Robert D. J. Froese, Timothy T. Wenzel, Joseph N. Coalter, III
  • Publication number: 20150045526
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an olefin-based polymer which exhibits superior processability and superior adhesive properties and therefore is desirably applicable to a hot-melt adhesive (HMA) or the like, and a preparation method thereof. The olefin-based polymer has a molecular weight distribution (Mw/Mn, PDI) of 2˜3, and a density of 0.85 to 0.88 g/cm3, and satisfies the relation of Tc?Tm>0, wherein Tc (° C.) is a crystallization temperature and Tm (° C.) is a melting point.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Don-Ho KUM, Eun-Jung LEE, Jong-Joo HA, Choong-Hoon LEE
  • Publication number: 20150045522
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a polypropylene composition comprising comonomer units derived from ethylene in an amount of from 1.5 wt % to 35 wt %, and from at least one C5-12 alpha-olefin in an amount of from 1.0 mol % to 3.0 mol %, wherein the polypropylene composition has an amount of xylene solubles XS of at least 40 wt %, and the xylene solubles have an amount of ethylene-derived comonomer units of from 4.0 wt % to 70 wt %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Kristin Reichelt, Sameli Hakola, Luigi Resconi
  • Patent number: 8927671
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an ethylene-?-olefin copolymer satisfying the following requirements (A) to (E): (A) the MFR is 0.1 to 50 g/10 min., (B) the density is 860 to 970 kg/m3, (C) the Mz/Mw is from 3.0 to 6.0, (D) the fraction having a molecular weight of 106.5 g/mol of the ethylene-?-olefin copolymer has a branching index g? of 0.26 or more, and (E) the Ea is 60 to 90 kJ/mol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Jumma Nomura, Masato Takano, Yoshinobu Nozue
  • Publication number: 20150005462
    Abstract: A gas-phase polyolefin reactor system for rapidly transitioning from one polyolefin product to another is disclosed. The reactor system comprises a steady-state control valve, a high-flow valve, a polyolefin reactor, a flow meter, a totalizer, an online analyzer and an empirical model. During a transition, the on-line analyzer measures an initial concentration of a reaction component, the empirical model predicts a required amount based upon the measured initial concentration and a selected ending concentration, the flow meter measures a flow rate, the totalizer determines a totalized amount when the flow rate of the first stream reaches the required amount based upon the measured flow rate and outputs the totalized amount to the empirical model, and the empirical model compares the required amount to the totalized amount and determines a transition endpoint. A method of rapidly transitioning the reactor system from one polyolefin product to another is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: Ineos USA, LLC
    Inventors: Gregory Dudish, Ernest Chan
  • Patent number: 8921500
    Abstract: The instant invention provides an ethylene/alpha-olefin interpolymer suitable for use in shrinkage film applications, and articles made therefrom. The ethylene/alpha-olefin interpolymer according to the present invention has a CDBI of less than 60%, and comprises at least two fractions in crossfractionation of the ethylene/alpha-olefin interpolymer, eluting from 85° C. to 90° C. and from 90° C. to 95° C., comprising a weight fraction ratio of >0.68 and a molecular weight homogeneity index of greater than 0.65; wherein the weight fraction ratio is the ratio of the weight of polymer in each fraction divided by the weight of polymer eluting between 95° C. and 100° C. and the molecular weight homogeneity index is the ratio of the weight average molecular weight of the polymer in the fraction divided by the weight average molecular weight of the polymer eluting between 95° C. and 100° C., and wherein the ethylene/alpha-olefin interpolymer has a density in the range of 0.920 to 0.940 g/cm3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Teresa P. Karjala, Lawrence J. Effler, Jr., Mehmet Demirors, Cristina Serrat, Lonnie G. Hazlitt
  • Publication number: 20140364561
    Abstract: The invention provides a composition comprising an ethylene-based polymer comprising at least the following properties: a) a weight average molecular weight (Mw(abs)) greater than, or equal to, 60,000 g/mole; and b) a molecular weight distribution (Mw(abs)/Mn(abs)) greater than, or equal to, 2.3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Kishori Deshpande, Ravindre S. Dixit, Pradeep Jain
  • Patent number: 8907030
    Abstract: The instant invention provides an ethylene/alpha-olefin interpolymer suitable for use in fiber applications, and fibers made therefrom. The ethylene/alpha-olefin interpolymer according to the present invention has a CDBI of less than 60%, and comprises at least two fractions in crossfractionation of the ethylene/alpha-olefin interpolymer, eluting from 85° C. to 90° C. and from 90° C. to 95° C., comprising a weight fraction ratio of >0.68 and a molecular weight homogeneity index of greater than 0.65; wherein the weight fraction ratio is the ratio of the weight of polymer in each fraction divided by the weight of polymer eluting between 95° C. and 100° C. and the molecular weight homogeneity index is the ratio of the weight average molecular weight of the polymer in the fraction divided by the weight average molecular weight of the polymer eluting between 95° C. and 100° C., and wherein the ethylene/alpha-olefin interpolymer has a density in the range of from 0.920 to 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Mehmet Demirors, Lawrence J. Effler, Lonnie G. Hazlitt, Teresa P. Karjala, Cristina Serrat
  • Patent number: 8907018
    Abstract: Resins suitable for rotomolded articles comprise a bimodal polyethylene copolymer comprising from 0.1 to 5 weight % of one or more C6-8 alpha olefins and the balance ethylene, comprising from 20 to 50 weight % of a higher molecular weight polymer component having an Mw greater than 120,000 and correspondingly from 80 to 50 weight % of a lower molecular weight polymer component having an Mw less than 100,000 having a density greater than 0.942 g/cc [but less than 0.965 g/cc] and a bent strip ESCR as determined by ASTM D 1693 in 100% Igepal® CO-630 (ethoxylated nonylphenols) for conditions A and B of greater than 1000 hours. The resulting articles have a very good balance of properties and significant ESCR.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: NOVA Chemicals (International) S.A.
    Inventors: Celine Bellehumeur, Yves Lacombe, Mark Hoidas
  • Patent number: 8907035
    Abstract: A multimodal ethylene copolymer having the following properties: i) density comprised in the range from 0.880 to 0.955 g/cm3; ii) total comonomer content ranging from 6% to 25% by weight; iii) content of 1-butene derived units ranging from 0 to 2% by weight; iv) Mw/Mn comprised from 4 to 20; v) intrinsic viscosity (decalin at 135° C. as determined according to EN ISO 1628-312003) comprised between 1.0 and 4.0 dL/g; said multimodal ethylene copolymer comprises from 10% to 80% by weight of a first polyethylene component and being detected at the Crystaf® apparatus at a temperature higher than 75° C. and from 90% to 20% by weight of a second polyethylene component being a copolymer being detected at a Crystaf® apparatus at a temperature lower than 75° C.; wherein said multimodal ethylene copolymer being fractionated into 12 fractions by means of the Holtrup analysis, the fractions containing more than 2% by weight of the total amount of material meet the following relationship: Cf/HDPE>?0.0075HDPE+0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventors: Fabiana Fantinel, Shahram Mihan, Gerd Mannebach, Volker Dolle
  • Patent number: 8901267
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an olefin-based polymer which exhibits superior processability and superior adhesive properties and therefore is desirably applicable to a hot-melt adhesive (HMA) or the like, and a preparation method thereof. The olefin-based polymer has a molecular weight distribution (Mw/Mn, PDI) of 2˜3, and a density of 0.85 to 0.88 g/cm3, and satisfies the relation of Tc?Tm>0, wherein Tc (° C.) is a crystallization temperature and Tm (° C.) is a melting point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Don-Ho Kum, Eun-Jung Lee, Jong-Joo Ha, Choong-Hoon Lee
  • Patent number: 8901260
    Abstract: An interpolymer of ethylene and at least one alpha-olefin is claimed, wherein the ethylene interpolymer is characterized as having an average Mv and a valley temperature between the interpolymer and high crystalline fraction, Thc, such that the average Mv for a fraction above Thc from ATREF divided by average Mv of the whole polymer from ATREF (Mhc/Mp) is less then about 1.95 and wherein the interpolymer has a CDBI of less than 60%. The interpolymer of ethylene and at least one alpha-olefin can also be characterized as having a high density (HD) fraction and an overall density such that % HD fraction<?2733.3+2988.7x+144111.5 (x?0.92325)2 where x is the density in grams/cubic centimeter. Fabricated articles comprising the novel interpolymers are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Ayush A. Bafna, Mehmet Demirors, Sylvie Desjardins, Douglas S. Ginger, Colleen M. Tice, Terry A. Pearce
  • Patent number: 8889200
    Abstract: A chewing gum contains a water-insoluble gum base portion containing a polyolefin thermoplastic elastomer; a water-soluble bulk portion; and at least one flavor component, which is cud-forming and chewable at mouth temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company
    Inventors: Chungsea Shen, Joo H. Song, Bruno Padovani, David W. Record
  • Publication number: 20140316085
    Abstract: An ethylene copolymer, a Group 4 transition metal catalyst compound, and methods for polymerization using such a compound, said compound represented by the formula: (L)p(R?)zT(Cp)(A)MX2, where M is a Group 4 metal; z is 0 to 8; p is 1 to 3; X is an anionic leaving group; T is a bridging group; R1 to R4 are hydrogen, a hydrocarbyl group, a substituted hydrocarbyl group, aryl group, substituted aryl group, or a heteroatom-containing group (where adjacent R groups can form rings); R? is hydrogen, a C1 to C10 alkyl group, a C6 to C24 aryl group, or a C7 to C40 alkylaryl group; and L is a heteroatom or heteroatom-containing group bound to T, Cp is a cyclopentadienyl ring substituted with 0 to 4 substituent groups (where adjacent groups can form C4 to C20 rings); A is Cp or (JS?z*-1-y), where J is a Group 15 or 16 element; S? is a hydrocarbyl, substituted hydrocarbyl, or heteroatom; z* is 2 or 3, and y is 0 or 1, is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2014
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Ian C. Stewart, Steven D. Brown, Crisita Carmen H. Atienza, David T. Harris, Aaron M. Hollas
  • Patent number: 8865849
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for polymerizing olefins in which the amount of trimethylaluminum in a methylalumoxane solution is adjusted to be from 1 to 25 mol %, prior to use as an activator, where the mol % trimethylaluminum is determined by 1H NMR of the solution prior to combination with any support. This invention also relates to a process for polymerizing olefins in which the amount of an unknown species present in a methylalumoxane solution is adjusted to be from 0.10 to 0.65 integration units prior to use as an activator, where the amount of the unknown species is determined by the 1H NMR spectra of the solution performed prior to combination with any support. Preferably, the methylalumoxane solution is present in a catalyst system also comprising a metallocene transition metal compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Donna J. Crowther, David M. Fiscus
  • Patent number: 8846841
    Abstract: The present invention provides a polymerization process utilizing a dual ansa-metallocene catalyst system. Polymers produced from the polymerization process are also provided, and these polymers have a reverse comonomer distribution, a non-bimodal molecular weight distribution, a ratio of Mw/Mn from about 3 to about 8, and a ratio of Mz/Mw from about 3 to about 6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Qing Yang, Max P. McDaniel, William B. Beaulieu, Joel L. Martin, Tony R. Crain
  • Patent number: 8846991
    Abstract: The subject invention pertains to homogeneous liquid low molecular weight ethylene/alpha-olefin polymers having a number average molecular weight (Mn) as determined by gel permeation chromatography, of less than 25,000, a total crystallinity, as measured by DSC, of less than 10%, and a pour point, as measured by ASTM D97, of less than 50° C. The subject invention also pertains to homogeneous gel-like low molecular weight ethylene/alpha-olefin polymers having a number average molecular weight (Mn) as determined by gel permeation chromatography, of less than 25,000, a total crystallinity, as measured by DSC, of less than 50%, and a pour point, as measured by ASTM D97, of less than 90° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Teresa P. Karjala, Selim Yalvac, Thomas Karjala, Daniel D. VanderLende, Brian W. Kolthammer, James C. Stevens, Charles F. Diehl
  • Patent number: 8841397
    Abstract: This invention relates to higher olefin vinyl terminated polymers having an Mn of at least 200 g/mol (measured by 1H NMR) including of one or more C4 to C40 higher olefin derived units, where the higher olefin vinyl terminated polymer comprises substantially no propylene derived units; and wherein the higher olefin polymer has at least 5% allyl chain ends and processes for the production thereof. These vinyl terminated higher olefin polymers may optionally include ethylene derived units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew W. Holtcamp, Charles J. Ruff, Donna J. Crowther, John R. Hagadorn, Patrick Brant
  • Patent number: 8841398
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for producing an ?-olefin polymer comprising polymerizing or copolymerizing (a) C3 or higher ?-olefin(s) in the presence of an olefin polymerization catalyst comprising solid titanium catalyst component (I) containing titanium, magnesium, halogen, and a compound with a specific structure having two or more ether linkages and organometallic catalyst component (II) with high catalytic activity. In this process, particularly even in (co)polymerizing (a) higher olefin(s), demineralization is unnecessary. A 4-methyl-1-pentene-based polymer obtained by polymerization using the catalyst of the present invention is excellent in tacticity, transparency, heat resistance, and releasability, and the polymer is particularly suitable for a release film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: Tooru Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8835588
    Abstract: The present invention provides dual catalyst systems containing a metallocene catalyst and a hydrogen scavenging catalyst, and polymerization processes employing these dual catalyst systems. Due to a reduction in hydrogen levels in the polymerization processes, olefin polymers produced from these polymerization processes may have a higher molecular weight, a lower melt index, and higher levels of unsaturation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Rex E. Murray, William B. Beaulieu, Qing Yang, Errun Ding, Gary L. Glass, Alan L. Solenberger, Steve J. Secora
  • Publication number: 20140256901
    Abstract: An ethylene alpha-olefin copolymer having (a) a density of from about 0.910 g/cc to about 0.940 g/cc; (b) a weight average molecular weight of from about 150,000 g/mol to about 300,000 g/mol; and (c) a melt index at a load of 2.16 kg of from about 0.01 dg/10 min. to about 0.5 dg/min.; wherein a 1 mil blown film formed from the polymer composition is characterized by (i) a Dart Impact strength greater than about 175 g/mil; (ii) an Elmendorf machine direction tear strength greater than about 20 g/mil; and (iii) an Elmendorf transverse direction tear strength greater than about 475 g/mil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP
    Inventors: Ashish M. SUKHADIA, Guylaine ST. JEAN, Qing YANG, Max P. MCDANIEL
  • Publication number: 20140256900
    Abstract: The present invention provides a system and process for olefin polymerization. The inventive system and process for olefin polymerization facilitate lower operating vacuum pressures in the polymer recovery system by requiring at least two sequential condensing units, wherein at least one of the condensing units operates at significantly lower temperature ranges than the temperature ranges at which the current systems operate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2012
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Gary A. Camp, Mitch Juneau, Robert D. Swindoll
  • Patent number: 8829138
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for polymerizing olefins in which the amount of trimethylaluminum in a methylalumoxane solution is adjusted to be from 1 to 25 mol %, prior to use as an activator, where the mol % trimethylaluminum is determined by 1H NMR of the solution prior to combination with any support. This invention also relates to a process for polymerizing olefins in which the amount of an unknown species present in a methylalumoxane solution is adjusted to be from 0.10 to 0.65 integration units prior to use as an activator, where the amount of the unknown species is determined by the 1H NMR spectra of the solution performed prior to combination with any support. Preferably, the methylalumoxane solution is present in a catalyst system also comprising a metallocene transition metal compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Donna J. Crowther, David M. Fiscus