Acyclic Patents (Class 568/671)
  • Patent number: 9505672
    Abstract: Olefins are produced by the reductive dehydroxylation of vicinal polyols or esters thereof, or a combination thereof, in a liquid reaction medium, under a hydrogen atmosphere, at a temperature from 50° C. to 250° C., in the presence of a halogen-based, preferably iodine-based, catalyst. Examples of the catalyst, which may be included independently or generated in situ, are iodine (I2), hydroiodic acid (HI), iodic acid (HIO3), lithium iodide (LiI), and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Raj Deshpande, Paul Davis, Vandana Pandey, Nitin Kore, John R. Briggs
  • Patent number: 9499454
    Abstract: Olefins may be produced by the reductive dehydroxylation of vicinal polyols and/or their respective esters, in an aqueous reaction medium, under a hydrogen atmosphere, under suitable conditions, and in the presence of a halogen-based, preferably iodine-based, catalyst, wherein a solubility enhancing agent is employed to increase the solubility of the iodine-based catalyst in the aqueous reaction medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Raj Deshpande, Paul Davis, Vandana Pandey, Nitin Kore
  • Patent number: 9487455
    Abstract: Crude alcohol streams are converted to olefins under reductive or non-reductive dehydroxylation conditions, in the presence of a halogen-based catalyst. The process includes autogenous gas pressure or a gas pressure from 1 psig (˜6.89 KPa) to 2000 psig (˜13.79 MPa), a temperature from 50° C. to 250° C., a liquid reaction medium, and a molar ratio of alcohol to halogen from 1:10 to 100:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Raj Deshpande, Paul Davis, Vandana Pandey, Nitin Kore
  • Patent number: 9469575
    Abstract: Olefins may be produced by the non-reductive dehydroxylation of vicinal polyols and/or their respective esters, in a liquid reaction medium, under a substantially non-reductive atmosphere, in the presence of a halogen-based, preferably iodine-based, catalyst. The reaction medium may be aqueous, non-aqueous, or a combination thereof, and may in some embodiments include a solubility enhancing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Raj Deshpande, Paul Davis, Vandana Pandey, Nitin Kore
  • Publication number: 20150141704
    Abstract: A method for the production of aliphatic alcohols and/or their ethers, comprising the step of reacting a substrate of the general formula (I): in which m is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 and n is 1 or 2; R1 is hydrogen, a linear, branched or cyclic alkyl rest, a primary alkanol rest, an aryl rest or one of the following radicals: and R2 is hydrogen or —CH2OH; with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst system, wherein the hydrogenation catalyst system comprises: a hydrogenation catalyst comprising Re, Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Rh, Ir, Ni, Pd and/or Pt; and an acidic additive selected from the group of organoperfluorocarboxylic acids, hydrochloric acid, formic acid, acetic acid, phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, sulfonic acid and/or organic compounds comprising sulfonic acid groups, phosphoric acid groups and/or phosphonic acid groups; with the proviso that the acidic additive is a liquid and/or at least partially dissolved in the substrate (I) during the reaction of (I) with hydrogen in the case that R2 is
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Walter Leitner, Jennifer Julis
  • Patent number: 8986400
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method of converting glycerol into organic reaction products. The method may include mixing glycerol with a monohydric alcohol. The mixture of glycerol and monohydric alcohol is then reacted in the presence of a heterogeneous nano-structured catalyst, wherein the monohydric alcohol is present at subcritical/supercritical temperatures and pressures. This converts the glycerol into one or more reaction products, wherein the reaction products include an oxygenated organic reaction product. Ninety percent or greater of the glycerol is converted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Southwest Research Institute
    Inventors: Maoqi Feng, Chee-Kai Tan
  • Patent number: 8981160
    Abstract: This invention provides a modified liquid epoxy resin having a low viscosity and a high performance, which is obtained by reacting a mixture of a bisphenol and a phenol aralkyl resin with an epiholohydrin. The bisphenol is preferable to be bisphenol F and is further preferable to have a bifunctional form purity as detected by gel permeation chromatography at UV 254 nm of not less than 95% by area in view of the fluidity. Moreover, the mixture of bisphenol and the phenol aralkyl resin is preferable to have a ratio of the phenol aralkyl resin of 10-70% by mass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nipponkayaku Kabushikikaisha
    Inventors: Masataka Nakanishi, Katsuhiko Oshimi, Takao Sunaga
  • Publication number: 20150068110
    Abstract: Techniques, systems and material are disclosed for transport of energy and/or materials. In one aspect, a method includes generating gaseous fuel (e.g., from biomass dissociation) at a first location of a low elevation. The gaseous fuel can be self-transported in a pipeline to a second location at a higher elevation than the first location by traveling from the first location to the second location without adding energy of pressure. A liquid fuel can be generated at the second location of higher elevation by reacting the gaseous fuel with at least one of a carbon donor, a nitrogen donor, and an oxygen donor harvested from industrial waste. The liquid fuel can be delivered to a third location of a lower elevation than the second location while providing pressure or kinetic energy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Patent number: 8940943
    Abstract: The invention relates to compounds of the general formula (I), where R1 is a branched alkyl(ene) radical having from 10 to 22 carbon atoms and having at least one branch in position 1, 2, 3 or 4 relative to the oxygen atom, R2 is a linear or branched alkyl(ene) radical having from 1 to 13 carbon atoms and R1 and R2 are selected so that the total number of carbon atoms in formula (I) is from 11 to 23. The compounds of the invention are suitable for preparation of or in cosmetic and/or pharmaceutical preparations, in particular as oily substances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Cognis IP Management GmbH
    Inventors: Burkhard Beckedahl, Markus Dierker, Rolf Kawa, Stefan Brüning
  • Publication number: 20150018582
    Abstract: The invention concerns processes for preparing dimethyl ether from synthesis gas, comprising a synthesis step, wherein synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide is converted into dimethyl ether and carbon dioxide, and a separation step, wherein unconverted synthesis gas is separated from carbon dioxide, wherein unconverted synthesis gas is separated from carbon dioxide by a membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: LINDE AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Nicole Schodel, Ernst Haidegger, Holger Schmigalle, Christian Thaller, Harald Schmaderer, Akos Tota
  • Publication number: 20140336418
    Abstract: Hydrocarbons may be formed from six carbon sugars. This process involves obtaining a quantity of a hexose sugar. The hexose sugar may be derived from biomass. The hexose sugar is reacted to form an alkali metal levulinate, an alkali metal valerate, an alkali metal 5-hydroxy pentanoate, or an alkali metal 5-alkoxy pentanoate. An anolyte is then prepared for use in a electrolytic cell. The anolyte contains the alkali metal levulinate, the alkali metal valerate, the alkali metal 5-hydroxy pentanoate, or the alkali metal 5-alkoxy pentanoate. The anolyte is then decarboxylated. This decarboxylating operates to decarboxylate the alkali metal levulinate, the alkali metal valerate, the alkali metal 5-hydroxy pentanoate, or the alkali metal 5-alkoxy pentanoate to form radicals, wherein the radicals react to form a hydrocarbon fuel compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Inventors: Sai Bhavaraju, Mukund Karanjikar
  • Publication number: 20140275634
    Abstract: A method for forming a blend of ethers from a blend of alcohols includes a step of reacting a hydrocarbon-containing gas with an oxygen-containing gas to form first product blend. The first product blend includes a blend of partially oxygenated compounds. The blend of partially oxygenated compounds is provided to a reactive distillation station where it is converted a second product blend. The second product blend typically includes a mixture of ethers. An apparatus implementing the method is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: GAS TECHNOLOGIES LLC
    Inventors: Krishna K. Rao, Evan Michael Visser, Ian Lawrence Gaffney, Walter Breidenstein
  • Patent number: 8829229
    Abstract: New polyol ether compounds and a process for their preparation. The process comprises reacting a polyol, a carbonyl compound, and hydrogen in the presence of hydrogenation catalyst, to provide the polyol ether. The molar ratio of polyol to carbonyl compound in the process is greater than 5:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Michael L. Tulchinsky, John R. Briggs, Cynthia L. Rand
  • Publication number: 20140187459
    Abstract: The invention provides a dialkyl ether represented by the following formula (1): (wherein each of R1 and R2 represents a C1 to C20 alkyl group, and n is an integer of 1 to 20), and a lubricating base oil and a lubricating oil composition containing the dialkyl ether. The lubricating base oil and the lubricating oil composition exhibit low viscosity, excellent viscosity-temperature characteristics, and high fluidity at low temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yukio YOSHIDA, Miki Monoi
  • Publication number: 20140163260
    Abstract: Method and a reactor for performing exothermic catalytic reactions. The method comprises the steps of providing a feed gas stream comprising reactants for the exothermic catalytic reaction to a fixed bed catalytic reactor comprising one or more catalyst beds each with catalyst particles filled sections with a catalyst volume; providing a feed gas bypass inside the reactor by arranging within at least one of the catalyst beds a number of bypass passageways without catalytic active particles inside the passageways and having a cooling surface area; passing a part of the feed gas stream through the bypass passageways and reminder of the stream through the catalyst particles filled sections; and removing heat from the feed gas stream being passed through the catalyst filled sections by indirect heat transfer to the part of the feed gas stream being passed through the bypass passageways.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: Haldor Topso A/S
    Inventor: Max Thorhauge
  • Publication number: 20140128583
    Abstract: Disclosed is an anti-infective drug-macrolide derivate, preparation and uses thereof. Macrolide derivate, namely erythromycin ethylsuccinate crystalline hydrate, which has less moisture absorption and good storage stability, can be used in the preparation of medicaments for the treatment and prevention of human or animal infectious diseases caused by Gram-positive or negative bacteria.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2012
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Inventor: Li Liu
  • Patent number: 8710277
    Abstract: A process for producing of diethyl ether by hydrogenating acetic acid in the presence of a catalyst comprising a first metal on an acidic support, preferably a zeolite support. A preferred catalyst comprises platinum and tin on an acidic support. Selectivities to diethyl ether of at least 60% may be achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Heiko Weiner, Radmila Jevtic, Victor J. Johnston
  • Patent number: 8703683
    Abstract: A process for making a poly(alkyl epoxide). The process has the step of polymerizing one or more alkyl epoxide monomers in the presence of a cationic catalyst according to the following sequences: wherein R1, R2, R3, and R4 are hydrogen or alkyl moieties that, taken together, have a total of 1 to 80 carbons; wherein any of R1, R2, R3, and R4 can be linear or branched if it is an alkyl moiety; wherein “m” is an integer from 1 to 4; and wherein “n” is an integer from 2 to 120. There is also another process for making a poly(alkyl epoxide) using an initiator. There are also poly(alkyl epoxides). There is also a lubricant composition having a first lubricant base stock of one or more poly(alkyl epoxides) and a second lubricant base stock different than the first lubricant base stock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Abhimanyu Onkar Patil, Satish Bodige
  • Publication number: 20140101988
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method of converting glycerol into organic reaction products. The method may include mixing glycerol with a monohydric alcohol. The mixture of glycerol and monohydric alcohol is then reacted in the presence of a heterogeneous nano-structured catalyst, wherein the monohydric alcohol is present at subcritical/supercritical temperatures and pressures. This converts the glycerol into one or more reaction products, wherein the reaction products include an oxygenated organic reaction product. Ninety percent or greater of the glycerol is converted.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Maoqi FENG, Chee-Kai TAN
  • Patent number: 8674146
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing alkylene oxide addition products by reaction of compounds having a nucleophilic center with alkylene oxides in a reactor having a large inner surface. The invention is characterized in that the reaction is carried out exclusively in the liquid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Cognis IP Management GmbH
    Inventors: Stefan Franzen, Franz Büttgen, Ingomar Mrozek, Bernhard Gutsche
  • Publication number: 20140066521
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an antibacterial and/or preserving composition which contains 3-butoxy-1,2-propanediol as a preserving agent. The antibacterial or preserving composition according to the present invention has an excellent resistance to microorganisms and has an excellent moisturizing effect, and hardly causes skin troubles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2011
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: LG HOUSEHOLD & HEALTH CARE LTD.
    Inventors: Min-Ji Gu, Jung-Jin Choi, Gug-In Jeong, Sug-Youn Chang
  • Publication number: 20140031583
    Abstract: This invention relates to improvements in the fast pyrolysis of biomass. In this invention, olefins are separated from the effluent stream of a pyrolysis reactor and at least a portion of the olefins are treated and the resulting treated stream recycled to the pyrolysis reactor for further conversion to valuable, useful products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Inventors: Terry Mazanec, Jeff Whiting, Fred Pesa, Greg Norenberg
  • Publication number: 20130289315
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for continuously reacting liquid alkylene oxide with a liquid substance including an organic compound with active hydrogen atoms and a catalyst in a reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2011
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Applicant: BUSS CHEMTECH AG
    Inventors: Rudolf Aigner, David Hirsch, Alfred Lagnaz
  • Patent number: 8501651
    Abstract: A catalyst system comprising a half-sandwich chromium complex, an activator support and an optional cocatalyst. A compound of formula Cp?Cr(Cl)2(Ln), where Cp? is ?5—C5H4CH2CH2CH?CH2 and Ln is pyridine, THF or diethylether. A compound of formula Cp?Cr(Cl)2(Ln), where Cp? is ?5—C5H4C(Me)2CH2CH2CH?CH2 and Ln is pyridine, THF or diethylether.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Errun Ding, Albert P. Masino, Joel L. Martin, Youlu Yu
  • Publication number: 20130158290
    Abstract: A method of producing at least one oxygenated compound such as methyl acetate, dimethyl ether, and formaldehyde, by reacting dimethyl carbonate with carbon monoxide in the presence of at least one solid catalyst, such as a zeolite catalyst, suspended in an inert liquid, such as an inert oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2012
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Inventors: Stephane MARIE-ROSE, Esteban CHORNET
  • Publication number: 20130133245
    Abstract: The invention relates to an oxygenate additive for an internal combustion engine fuel, comprising glycerol dimethyl ethers (GDMEs) and glycerol trimethyl ether (GTME); a fuel composition comprising the oxygenate additive; an improved process for methylation of glycerol with dimethyl sulfate to produce highly methylated glycerol ethers; and uses of ethers produced from the process for diesel fuel, for gasoline and for aviation turbine fuel, or as a green solvent or as an antifreezer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2011
    Publication date: May 30, 2013
    Inventors: Jyh-Shyong CHANG, Tzong-Rong Ling, Tse-Chuan Chou, Lawrence Chao-Shan Chou
  • Publication number: 20130131188
    Abstract: The invention relates to compounds of the general formula (I), where R1 is a branched alkyl(ene) radical having from 10 to 22 carbon atoms and having at least one branch in position 1, 2, 3 or 4 relative to the oxygen atom, R2 is a linear or branched alkyl(ene) radical having from 1 to 13 carbon atoms and R1 and R2 are selected so that the total number of carbon atoms in formula (I) is from 11 to 23. The compounds of the invention are suitable for preparation of or in cosmetic and/or pharmaceutical preparations, in particular as oily substances.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Applicant: Cognis IP Management GmbH
    Inventors: Burkhard Beckedahl, Markus Dierker, Rolf Kawa, Stefan Brüning
  • Publication number: 20130123533
    Abstract: A method of producing at least one oxygenated compound, such as methyl acetate, dimethyl ether, and formaldehyde, by reacting dimethyl carbonate and carbon monoxide in the presence of a faujasite zeolite, zeolite Beta, Linde Type L (LTL) zeolite, or MCM-41 zeolite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 6, 2012
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Inventors: Stephane MARIE-ROSE, Esteban CHORNET
  • Publication number: 20130113082
    Abstract: Provided is a method of forming a pattern, including (a) forming a chemically amplified resist composition into a film, (b) exposing the film to light, (c) developing the exposed film with a developer containing an organic solvent, and (d) rinsing the developed film with a rinse liquid containing an organic solvent, which rinse liquid has a specific gravity larger than that of the developer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2011
    Publication date: May 9, 2013
    Applicant: FUJIFILM CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yuichiro Enomoto, Shinji Tarutani, Sou Kamimura, Keita Kato, Kana Fujii
  • Publication number: 20130109604
    Abstract: A composition that includes one or more compounds represented by the formula R1(X)R2 wherein R1 is an alkyl group having from 4 to 40 carbon atoms, R2 is an aliphatic group having from 4 to 20 carbon atoms, an aromatic group having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms, or a cycloaliphatic group having from 5 to 20 carbon atoms, and X is a heteroatom. The composition has a viscosity (Kv100) from 2 to 30 at 100° C., a viscosity index (VI) from 100 to 200, and a Noack volatility of no greater than 20 percent. The disclosure also relates to a process for producing the composition, a lubricating oil base stock and lubricating oil containing the composition, and a method for improving one or more of solubility and dispersancy of polar additives in a lubricating oil by using as the lubricating oil a formulated oil containing the composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2012
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicant: ExonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventor: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
  • Publication number: 20130109888
    Abstract: Disclosed are a dimethyl ether (DME)-floating, production, storage and offloading (FPSO) system that can be used in offshore oil fields or stranded gas fields and a method for producing dimethyl ether using the same. More particularly, the disclosure relates to a DME-FPSO system capable of producing dimethyl ether from gas extracted from stranded gas fields or from associated gas extracted from oil fields, which includes a reforming reactor and a dimethyl ether reactor equipped offshore, and a method for producing the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2011
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicants: KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, DAEWOO SHIPBUILDING & MARINE ENGINEERING CO., LTD., DONGHWA ENTEC CO., LTD., SUNG JIN GEOTEC CO., LTD., HY-LOK CORPORATION, JNK HEATERS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Dong Ju MOON, Sang Deuk LEE, Byung Gwon LEE, Hyun joo LEE, Yun Ju LEE, Jung Shik KANG, Sung Geun LEE, Eun Bae LEE, Hyun Jin KIM, Bang Hee KIM, Jang Jin KIM, Chang Hwan MOON, Seong Hui HONG
  • Publication number: 20130096326
    Abstract: A method of purification and production of value-added, biobased chemicals and derivative products from crude bioglycerin is described herein. The present method provides methods for desalinating, decolorizing, and concentrating bioglycerin for the production of biobased chemicals or purified bioglycerin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2011
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Applicant: THESIS CHEMISTRY, LLC
    Inventors: John R. Peterson, Christopher M. Yost
  • Publication number: 20130084257
    Abstract: The present invention provides a substance which promotes the transdermal absorption of a pharmacologically active component while little irritating the skin. The present invention relates to a transdermal absorption promoter which comprises, as the active component, at least one member selected from among isopulegol, 2-(menthoxy)ethanol and 2-methyl-3-(menthoxy)propane-1,2-diol; and an external skin formulation which comprises a pharmacologically active component such as a psychotropic component, an anti-inflammatory component, an analgesic component, an antipyretic component, a whitening component or a hair growth-promoting component, together with the aforesaid transdermal absorption promoter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2011
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Applicant: TAKASAGO INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kenya Ishida, Yasuko Obata, Kozo Takayama
  • Publication number: 20130074398
    Abstract: A jet aviation fuel based on aliphatic ethers is disclosed wherein the fuel comprises a compound according to the invention, a mixture of compounds according to the invention, a mixture of the pure or mixed aliphatic ethers admixed with conventional jet aviation fuel, or a mixture of said ethers with conventional hydrocarbon fuel, thus giving a product conforming to a jet aviation fuel standard.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2011
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Inventors: Theis Brock-Nannestad, Anne Sophie Vinther Hansen
  • Patent number: 8398728
    Abstract: The present invention further contemplates a process for making a dialkyl ether composition comprising two or more ethers of the formula R1—O—R2. The present invention further contemplates a process for making a dialkyl ether composition starting from a first reaction product comprising 1-butanol. The invention further contemplates a dialkyl ether composition comprising two or more ethers of the formula R1—O—R2, where each R1 and R2 can independently be any carbon chain length, saturated or unsaturated; branched or straight-chain, of between C2 and C10; specifically between C4 and C10; more specifically between C4 and C6; more specifically C6; more specifically 04.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Ronnie Ozer, Michael B. D'Amore
  • Publication number: 20130042615
    Abstract: The present invention deals with the serious pollution problems from electric power plants that burn coal which may be forced to shut down by virtue of their being uneconomical to be retrofitted with expensive pollution controls. The pollutants from coal-burning power stations comprise SO2, NOx, Hg, Particulate Matter, Ash, and CO2. This invention offers a unique and comprehensive solution that makes possible the prevention of the ill-effects currently caused to health and environment while at the same time would also prevent the closure of these badly needed power generation facilities that provide some 50% of the electricity generated in this country. The herein comprehensive solution converts the six mentioned pollutants into valuable products and thus avoids the discharge of such pollutants into the atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2011
    Publication date: February 21, 2013
    Inventors: Albert Calderon, Richard Owen McCarthy, Terry James Laubis
  • Publication number: 20120259132
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a process to prepare an ethanol-derivate compound or compounds by reacting ethanol in the presence of molecular oxygen and a catalyst comprising a gamma-alumina carrier, metal nano-particles wherein the metal is selected from silver, copper or gold. The invention is also directed to processes to prepare such a catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Publication date: October 11, 2012
    Inventors: Meindert Jan Lippits, Bernard Egbert Nieuwenhuijs
  • Publication number: 20120248376
    Abstract: Processes for synthesizing, recharging, reprocessing and chemical doping of hydrogen storage materials utilizing supercritical fluids. The processes include dissolution or suspension of the material in a supercritical fluid mixed with hydrogen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2012
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF NEW BRUNSWICK
    Inventor: Sean McGrady
  • Patent number: 8273921
    Abstract: A polyglycerol monoether is represented by FOLLOWING General Formula (1): RO—(C3H6O2)n—H??(1) wherein R represents an alcohol residue having one to thirty carbon atoms; and “n” is an average number of moles of added glycerol units and represents a number of 2 or more, and has a content (peak area percentage) of monoether components of 75% or more and a content (peak area percentage) of diether components of 5% or less, as determined by reversed-phase partition high-performance liquid chromatography using a 80:20 (by volume) mixture of methanol and water as an eluent. The polyglycerol monoether may be prepared by adding a basic substance to an alcohol to yield an alkoxide, adding glycidol to the alkoxide, and subjecting them to a reaction at 0° C. to 100° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuichi Sakanishi, Sunao Mihara
  • Publication number: 20120172281
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are detergent compositions comprising a microbially produced fatty alcohol or fatty alcohol derivative thereof. Further disclosed are cleaning compositions and personal care compositions comprising a microbially produced fatty alcohol or fatty alcohol derivative thereof. Methods of using the foregoing are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2011
    Publication date: July 5, 2012
    Inventors: Jeffrey John Scheibel, Phillip Richard Green, Mathew Rude
  • Patent number: 8211949
    Abstract: Novel mixtures of long-chain (C10-C20) olefins are functionalized by conversion to aldehydes using an OXO process, or to sulfates, sulfonates, sulfones, sulfides, or sulfoxides by direct sulfonation. The aldehydes may then be hydrogenated to form alcohols, or aminated to form amines or amides. The olefins starting mixture may be acquired as a byproduct of the tetramerization of ethylene in the presence of certain chromium-containing tetramerization catalysts. The functionalized mixtures, and derivatives prepared therefrom such as alkoxylates prepared from the alcohols, may be useful as surfactants that may offer improved performance in many applications, while their preparation based on a byproduct mixture reduces their cost and also reduces waste-handling issues for this non-targeted stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Pierre T. Varineau, Brian W. Kolthammer, Aaron W. Sanders, David A. Wilson, Kara S. Weber, Robert Kirk Thompson, Cynthia L. Rand, Thomas C. Eisenschmid
  • Publication number: 20120101311
    Abstract: Processes for converting a methane or a methane containing natural gas to a monohalogenated methane and other downstream basic commodity chemicals going through methanesulfonyl halide as a key intermediate, whereby following its formation, the methanesulfonyl halide is allowed to decompose under a substantially anhydrous condition, preferably in the presence of a catalyst complex, and whereby in addition to the monohalogenated halide, a hydrogen halide and a sulfur dioxide are also formed in the overall conversion, both of which may be recycled back to the beginning of the processes. Additionally, compositions utilizing such a key intermediate for the same purposes are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2011
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Inventor: Yongchun Tang
  • Publication number: 20120101312
    Abstract: In the production of purified methanol and/or dimethyl ether from crude methanol, the crude methanol is processed in at least one prepurification stage, a first partial stream of the prepurified methanol is supplied to a final methanol purification and a second partial stream of the prepurified methanol is supplied to a reactor and at least partly converted to dimethyl ether. The dimethyl ether recovered is purified in at least one purification stage, wherein non-reacted methanol is withdrawn from the dimethyl ether purification stage and at least partly supplied to the final methanol purification. In this way, both purified methanol and dimethyl ether can be produced in parallel, wherein the quantities of both products obtained are flexibly adjustable.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2010
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Applicant: LURGI GMBH
    Inventors: Bernd Ahlers, Waldemar Liebner
  • Publication number: 20120095119
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for producing a purified synthesis gas stream from a feed synthesis gas stream. The process includes contacting the feed synthesis gas stream with a water gas shift catalyst in a shift reactor and in the presence of water to obtain a shifted synthesis gas stream enriched in H2S and in CO2. H2S and CO2 are removed from the shifted synthesis gas stream by contacting the shifted synthesis gas stream with an absorbing liquid to obtain semi-purified synthesis gas and an absorbing liquid rich in H2S and CO2. At least part of the absorbing liquid rich in H2S and CO2 is heated to obtain heated absorbing liquid rich in H2S and CO2 that is then flashed to obtain a flash gas rich in CO2 and absorbing liquid rich in H2S. That absorbing liquid rich in H2S is contacted at elevated temperature with a stripping gas thereby transferring H2S to the stripping gas to obtain regenerated absorbing liquid and stripping gas rich in H2S.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Inventors: Isaac Cormelis Van Den Born, Gijsbert Jan Van Heeringen, Cornelis Jacobus Smit, Alex Frederik Woldhuis
  • Publication number: 20120077665
    Abstract: A catalyst system comprising a half-sandwich chromium complex, an activator support and an optional cocatalyst. A compound of formula Cp?Cr(Cl)2(Ln), where Cp? is ?5-C5H4CH2CH2CH?CH2 and Ln is pyridine, THF or diethylether. A compound of formula Cp?Cr(Cl)2(Ln), where Cp? is ?5-C5H4C(Me)2CH2CH2CH?CH2 and Ln is pyridine, THF or diethylether.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2010
    Publication date: March 29, 2012
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP
    Inventors: Errun DING, Albert P. MASINO, Joel L. MARTIN, Youlu YU
  • Publication number: 20120066840
    Abstract: The invention discloses synergistic combinations of surfactants blends and cleaning composition. In certain embodiments a surfactant system is disclosed which includes extended anionic surfactants, linker surfactants, and a multiply charged cation component. This system forms emulsions with, and can remove greasy and oily stains, even those comprised of non-trans fats. In another embodiment anionic surfactants are combined with a solvent, and amine oxide to remove sunscreen stains. The compositions may be used alone, as a pre-spotter or other pre-treatment or as a part of a soft surface or hard surface cleaning composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2010
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Applicant: ECOLAB USA INC.
    Inventors: VICTOR FUK-PONG MAN, MICHAEL CHARLES DeNOMA, YVONNE MARIE KILLEEN, STEVEN EUGENE LENTSCH
  • Publication number: 20120058921
    Abstract: A process for producing a purified synthesis gas stream from a feed synthesis gas stream comprising besides the main constituents carbon monoxide and hydrogen also hydrogen sulphide, HCN and/or COS, the process comprising the steps of: (a) removing HCN and/or COS by contacting the feed synthesis gas stream with a catalyst in a HCN/COS reactor in the presence of steam/water, to obtain a synthesis gas stream depleted in HCN and/or in COS; (b) converting hydrogen sulphide in the synthesis gas stream depleted in HCN and/or in COS to elemental sulphur, by contacting the synthesis gas stream with an aqueous reactant solution containing solubilized Fe(III) chelate of an organic acid, at a temperature below the melting point of sulphur, and at a sufficient solution to gas ratio and conditions effective to convert H2S to sulphur and inhibit sulphur deposition, to obtain a synthesis gas stream depleted in hydrogen sulphide; (c) removing carbon dioxide from the synthesis gas stream depleted in hydrogen sulphide, to obta
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Publication date: March 8, 2012
    Inventors: Robert Van Den Berg, Mathieu Simon Henri Fleys, Mark Jan Prins, Cornelis Jacobus Smit, Alex Frederik Woldhuis
  • Patent number: 8119826
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a dienol compound of formula in the form of any one of its stereoisomers or mixture thereof, wherein R represents a methyl or ethyl group; R1 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl or ethyl group; R4 represents a C1-C3 alkyl, alkenyl or acyl group or a C3-C8 silyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Firmenich SA
    Inventors: Charles Fehr, Magali Vuagnoux
  • Publication number: 20120029245
    Abstract: A method of catalytically forming reaction products can include providing an ionic liquid phase. The ionic liquid phase can include a catalyst and an ionic liquid. At least one reactant can be reacted (14,16) in the ionic liquid phase to produce reaction products which include at least one of methanol and dimethyl ether. In particular, the ionic liquid can be hydrophobic sufficient to prevent substantial water in the ionic liquid phase. The use of ionic liquids can substantially reduce or eliminate residual catalyst carrier, i.e. ionic liquid, in downstream steps.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2010
    Publication date: February 2, 2012
    Applicant: Oberon Fuels, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew Corradini, Jarod McComick
  • Patent number: 8083815
    Abstract: A process to prepare methanol and/or dimethylether from a solid carbonaceous feedstock comprising the steps of (a) feeding an oxygen-comprising gas and the carbonaceous feedstock to a burner firing into a reactor vessel, (b) performing a partial oxidation of the carbonaceous feedstock in said burner to obtain a stream of hot synthesis gas and a liquid slag whereby both the hot synthesis gas and the liquid slag flow downwardly relative to the burner, (c) cooling the hot synthesis gas by direct contact with a liquid water-containing cooling medium, (d) performing a water shift reaction on at least part of the synthesis gas, to obtain a synthesis gas effluent, (e) performing an oxygenate synthesis using the synthesis gas effluent of step (d), to obtain a methanol and/or dimethylether containing oxygenate effluent and a first liquid water-rich by-product, wherein at least part of the first liquid water-rich by-product is used in step (c), forming at least part of the liquid water-containing cooling medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Robert Van Den Berg, Leslie Andrew Chewter, Jeroen Van Westrenen, Ferry Winter