Using Al Halide Catalyst Patents (Class 585/741)
  • Patent number: 10301558
    Abstract: An integrated process for production of gasoline has been described. The process includes a C5-C6 isomerization zone, two C7 isomerization zones separate by a deisoheptanizer, and a reforming zone. The use of two C7 isomerization zones eliminates the need for the large recycle stream from the deisoheptanizer. The low temperature in first C7 isomerization zone favors the formation of multi-branched C7 paraffins and cyclohexanes and maximizes C5+ yield. The separation between paraffin and cycloalkane in deisoheptanizer becomes easier due to conversion of cycloalkanes to cyclohexanes in the first C7 isomerization zone. Further, the high temperature in second C7 isomerization zone favors the formation of higher octane cyclopentanes over cyclohexanes. An aromatic-containing stream can be introduced to second C7 isomerization zone. The saturation of the aromatics in the second C7 isomerization zone provides heat that increases the reactor outlet temperature in the isomerization reactors to favor cyclopentanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Charles P. Luebke, Lin Jin, Christopher DiGiulio, Mark P. Lapinski
  • Patent number: 10294430
    Abstract: An integrated process for production of gasoline has been described. The process includes a C5-C6 isomerization zone with an associated deisohexanizer, two C7 isomerization zones separated by a deisoheptanizer, and a reforming zone. The use of two C7 isomerization zones eliminates the need for the large recycle stream from the deisoheptanizer. The C6 cycloalkanes and heavies from the deisohexanizer are fed to the second C7 isomerization zone to increase the amount of 95 RONC gasoline produced. A higher percentage of 95 RONC gasoline may be achieved by further recycling C6 from deisoheptanizer overhead back to C5-C6 isomerization zone. Higher gasoline yields and higher percentage of 95 RONC gasoline is achieved over the whole naphtha complex with operating costs savings by fully integrating the C5-C6 isomerization zone, two C7 isomerization zones, deisohexanizer and deisoheptanizer columns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lin Jin, Charles P. Luebke
  • Patent number: 9040765
    Abstract: Embodiments of methods and apparatuses for isomerization of paraffins are provided. In one example, a method comprises the steps of separating an isomerization effluent into a product stream that comprises branched paraffins and a stabilizer vapor stream that comprises HCl, H2, and C6-hydrocarbons. C6-hydrocarbons are removed from the stabilizer overhead vapor stream to form a HCl and H2-rich stream. An isomerization catalyst is activated using at least a portion of the HCl and H2-rich stream to form a chloride-promoted isomerization catalyst. A paraffin feed stream is contacted with the chloride-promoted isomerization catalyst in the presence of hydrogen for isomerization of the paraffins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Lynn H. Rice
  • Patent number: 8507396
    Abstract: A process for regenerating a used acidic catalyst which has been deactivated by conjunct polymers by removing the conjunct polymers so as to increase the activity of the catalyst is disclosed. Methods for removing the conjunct polymers include addition of a basic reagent and alkylation. The methods are applicable to all acidic catalysts and are described with reference to certain ionic liquid catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Thomas V. Harris
  • Patent number: 8323478
    Abstract: A process, comprising: a. taking a sample from a continuous alkylation reactor process; b. measuring a content of a halide in the sample; and c. within 45 minutes from the taking a sample, adjusting a flow of a halide containing additive comprising the halide to control a ratio of a yield of an alkylate gasoline and a yield of a middle distillate. Also a process, comprising: a. taking a sample from an effluent of an alkylation reactor in an alkylation reactor process; b. measuring a content of a halide in the sample; and c. in response to the measured content of the halide, adjusting a flow of a halide containing additive to a predetermined range that has been selected to obtain a ratio of a yield of an alkylate gasoline and a yield of a middle distillate from 0.31 to 4.0 in a product from the alkylation reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Sven Ivar Hommeltoft, Howard S. Lacheen
  • Patent number: 8142725
    Abstract: An apparatus comprising: a) an alkylation reactor holding an ionic liquid catalyst and a reactant mixture, b) a means for measuring levels of a halide in an effluent from the alkylation reactor, and c) a control system that receives a signal in response to the measuring and communicates changes in an operating condition that influences the yield of products from the reactant mixture. The control system is responsive to deviations outside a predetermined range of halide level that has been selected to obtain a ratio of a yield of an alkylate gasoline and a yield of a middle distillate from 0.31 to 4.0 in the product from the alkylation reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Sven Ivar Hommeltoft, Howard S. Lacheen
  • Patent number: 8070939
    Abstract: A process comprising: a) taking a sample from a continuous reactor process, b)measuring a content of a halide in the sample, and c) in response to the measured content of the halide, adjusting a flow of a halide containing additive comprising the halide to control the process. Also, an apparatus comprising: a) a reactor holding an ionic liquid catalyst and a reactant mixture, b) a means for measuring levels of a halide in an effluent from the reactor, and c) a control system that receives a signal in response to the measuring and communicates changes in an operating condition that influences the yield of a product in the reactant mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Sven Ivar Hommeltoft, Howard S. Lacheen
  • Patent number: 7488859
    Abstract: A method for producing adamantane includes isomerizing exo-tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene into adamantane in an acidic chloroaluminate ionic liquid composed of aluminum(III) trichloride and a quaternary ammonium halide having a quaternary ammonium cation selected from a group consisting of tetraalkylammonium, dialkylpyridinium, and trialkylimidazolium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2009
    Assignee: CPC Corporation, Taiwan
    Inventors: Ming-Yu Huang, Jann-Chen Lin, Kun-Hai Lin, Jung-Chung Wu
  • Patent number: 7429685
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of isomerising a charge comprising hydrocarbons containing between 5 and 8 carbon atoms per molecule. According to the invention, said charge is separated into at least two fractions: fraction A mostly comprising hydrocarbons containing 5 or 6 carbon atoms and fraction B mostly comprising hydrocarbons containing 7 or 8 carbon atoms. Subsequently, said fractions A and B are treated separately under specific conditions in different isomerisation reaction zones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2008
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Christophe Bouchy, Olivier Ducreux, Elsa Jolimaitre, Paul Broutin
  • Patent number: 6797853
    Abstract: A process for the conversion of linear and/or branched paraffins hydrocarbons, catalysed by an ionic liquid catalyst, in the presence of a cyclic hydrocarbon additive containing a tertiary carbon atom. The presence of the specific hydrocarbon additives influences the reaction mechanism by increasing the selectivity towards the formation of paraffin hydrocarbons with a higher degree of branching.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Jindrich Houzvicka, John Zavilla, Konrad Herbst
  • Publication number: 20030114726
    Abstract: Deactivation of an isomerization catalyst is inhibited by charging a hydrocarbon feed having a concentration of an organic aluminum halide compound to an isomerization zone operating under isomerization conditions and containing an isomerization catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2001
    Publication date: June 19, 2003
    Inventors: Linda D. Williams, Fan-Nan Lin
  • Patent number: 6503465
    Abstract: A process and/or system is provided for isomerizing a hydrocarbon feedstock comprising saturated C6 hydrocarbons by contacting the hydrocarbon feedstock, in the presence of hydrogen and optionally a chloride, with a first isomerization catalyst composition in a first isomerization reactor defining a first reaction zone operated at a first reaction temperature, withdrawing a first intermediate stream comprising cyclohexane and n-hexane from the first reaction zone, separating the first intermediate stream, via a first separator, into a first product stream comprising cyclohexane and a second intermediate stream comprising n-hexane, contacting the second intermediate stream, in the presence of hydrogen and optionally a chloride, with a second isomerization catalyst composition in a second isomerization reactor defining a second reaction zone operated at a second reaction temperature greater than the first reaction temperature, and withdrawing from the second reaction zone a second product stream comprising isoh
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2003
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: Fan-nan Lin, Edgar Durand Davis
  • Patent number: 6320089
    Abstract: An improved catalyst is disclosed for the conversion of hydrocarbons. The catalyst comprises an alumina support, a Friedel-Crafts metal halide, and a platinum-group metal component, wherein the support comprises primarily eta alumina and a small amount of gamma alumina and has a defined pore-size and acidity characteristics. An isomerization process also is disclosed which is particularly effective for the conversion of C4-C7 alkanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2001
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Ralph D. Gillespie
  • Patent number: 5763730
    Abstract: A process for the continuous isomerization of an alkane to produce an isomerized product through contacting the alkane with a simulated moving bed acting as a catalyst for isomerization and an adsorbent for the alkanes has been developed. The alkane may be n-butane and the isomerized product 2-methylpropane, the alkane may be n-pentane and the isomerized product 2-methylbutane or 2,2-dimethylpropane, the alkane may have from 6 up to about 8 carbon atoms with no more than one methyl branch and the isomerized product having the same number of carbon atoms and at least two methyl branches, or the reactant may be a mixture of the foregoing alkanes with the corresponding isomerized products being formed. In a zone of the simulated moving bed, the alkanes are catalytically isomerized to form the isomerized products. The unreacted alkanes are adsorbed, and the isomerized products are collected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1998
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Hemant W. Dandekar, Gregory A. Funk, Ralph D. Gillespie, Herman A. Zinnen, Charles P. McGonegal, Masami Kojima, Simon H. Hobbs
  • Patent number: 5744683
    Abstract: A process for the continuous isomerization of an alkane to produce an isomerized product through contacting the alkane with a simulated moving bed acting as a catalyst for isomerization and an adsorbent for the alkanes has been developed. The alkane may be n-butane and the isomerized product 2-methylpropane, the alkane may be n-pentane and the isomerized product 2-methylbutane or 2,2-dimethylpropane, the alkane may have from 6 up to about 8 carbon atoms with no more than one methyl branch and the isomerized product having the same number of carbon atoms and at least two methyl branches, or the reactant may be a mixture of the foregoing alkanes with the corresponding isomerized products being formed. In a zone of the simulated moving bed, the alkanes are catalytically isomerized to form the isomerized products. The unreacted alkanes are adsorbed, and the isomerized products are collected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1998
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Hemant W. Dandekar, Gregory A. Funk, Simon H. Hobbs, Masami Kojima, Ralph D. Gillespie, Herman A. Zinnen, Charles P. McGonegal
  • Patent number: 5744684
    Abstract: A process for isomerizing a mixture of alkanes containing pentanes and at least one alkane having from 6 to about 8 carbon atoms and no more than one methyl branch has been developed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1998
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Herman A. Zinnen, Charles P. McGonegal, Hemant W. Dandekar, Gregory A. Funk, Ralph D. Gillespie
  • Patent number: 5705730
    Abstract: A process for the isomerization of hydrocarbons using a chloride promoted catalyst wherein an adsorption zone arrangement operates to maintain chloride compounds in the reaction zone and to prevent contamination of product streams with chloride compounds removes normal paraffins from the desorbent stream to extend the capacity and life of a clinoptilolite molecular sieve. The invention preferably uses isoparaffins recovered from the isomerization zone as a desorbent. A gaseous fraction of the isomerization zone effluent can be recovered to provide a desorbent containing a low concentration of normal paraffins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1998
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Andrew S. Zarchy, Lawrence Tucker Kass
  • Patent number: 5639933
    Abstract: A catalyst composition is prepared by a method comprising impregnating alumina with at least one platinum compound, followed by calcining, reducing treatment, and heating with gaseous aluminum chloride and gaseous titanium tetrachloride. The thus-prepared catalyst composition is employed in the isomerization of saturated C.sub.4 -C.sub.8 hydrocarbons (alkanes and/or cycloalkanes), preferably n-butane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1997
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: An-hsiang Wu
  • Patent number: 5591689
    Abstract: A Group VIII metal and chloride-containing composition (effective as an alkane/cycloalkane isomerization catalyst) is prepared by a method which comprises mixing aluminum trichloride with a solid material containing at least one Group VIII metal (Pt and/or Pd and/or Ni) and alumina, heating the obtained mixture in an inert gas at about 450.degree.-750.degree. C., and then treating the mixture with a hydrogen chloride-containing gas at about 300.degree.-700.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1997
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: An-hsiang Wu, Charles A. Drake, Ralph J. Melton
  • Patent number: 5530172
    Abstract: A process for the continuous isomerization of an alkane to produce an isomerized product through contacting the alkane with a simulated moving bed acting as a catalyst for isomerization and an adsorbent for the alkanes has been developed. The alkane may be n-butane and the isomerized product 2-methylpropane, the alkane may be n-pentane and the isomerized product 2-methylbutane or 2,2-dimethylpropane, the alkane may have from 6 up to about 8 carbon atoms with no more than one methyl branch and the isomerized product having the same number of carbon atoms and at least two methyl branches, or the reactant may be a mixture of the foregoing alkanes with the corresponding isomerized products being formed. In a zone of the simulated moving bed, the alkanes are catalytically isomerized to form the isomerized products. The unreacted alkanes are adsorbed, and the isomerized products are collected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 25, 1996
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Gregory A. Funk, Hermant W. Dandekar, Masami Kojima, Simon H. Hobbs
  • Patent number: 5530173
    Abstract: A process for isomerizing a mixture of alkanes containing pentanes and at least one alkane having from 6 to about 8 carbon atoms and no more than one methyl branch has been developed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 25, 1996
    Inventors: Gregory A. Funk, Hemant W. Dandekar
  • Patent number: 5510561
    Abstract: A discrete catalyst and processes for the alkylation of isoalkanes with alkenes under homogenous fluid conditions. The catalyst is formed by contacting, under fluid conditions, a homogenous fluid containing a paraffin hydrocarbon having from 4 to 12 carbon atoms with a Lewis acid/protic Bronsted acid pair to produce a discrete catalytic complex that is soluble in the fluid. The discrete catalyst is the reaction product of the acid pair and alkanes and includes hydrocarbon ligands of limited chain length rendering it soluble in the fluid. The catalyst is active for the alkylation of isoalkanes, under homogenous fluid conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1996
    Assignee: Kerr-McGee Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Larry G. Sherman, William A. Yuill
  • Patent number: 5326925
    Abstract: An isomerization process maximizes the production of 2,3-dimethylbutane by using an arrangement of two reaction zones that operate at low conversion conditions to maximize the production of a methyl pentane containing intermediate and limit the interconversion of 2,3-dimethylbutane to 2,2-dimethylbutane. The process converts a feed comprising normal hexane in a first reaction zone. The effluent from the first reaction zone has a high concentration of methyl pentanes which is separated from normal hexane and passed to a second separation section that receives the effluent from a second reaction zone. Methyl pentanes from the first and second reaction zone effluents enter the second reaction zone for conversion to dimethylbutane in a high 2,3-dimethylbutane to 2,2-dimethylbutane ratio. In this manner the process produces a principally dimethylbutane product having a relatively high octane rating as a result of the high 2,3-dimethylbutane concentration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1994
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventor: J. W. Adriaan Sachtler
  • Patent number: 5292988
    Abstract: Materials which have been prepared by a method which includes the steps of (1) impregnating alumina with a sulfate of at least one metal selected from the group consisting of copper, iron, cobalt, nickel, manganese, zinc and magnesium, (2) calcining the thus-obtained impregnated alumina materials, and (3) heating the calcined materials with AlCl.sub.3 and at least one chlorinated hydrocarbon (preferably CCl.sub.4) at a temperature of about 40.degree.-90.degree. C. are employed as catalysts in the isomerization of C.sub.5 -C.sub.10 cycloalkanes (preferably methylcyclopentane). A select group of the thus-prepared materials are employed as catalysts in the isomerization of C.sub.4 -C.sub.10 alkanes (preferably n-pentane and 2-methylbutane). Preferably, the catalyst preparation method also includes a step of treating the calcined impregnated alumina materials with gaseous hydrogen chloride before they are heated with AlCl.sub.3 and the chlorinated hydrocarbon(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 8, 1994
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: An-hsiang Wu
  • Patent number: 5254794
    Abstract: Isomerization catalyst compositions are prepared by heating aluminum chloride, at least one of several metal salts (preferably CuSO.sub.4), at least one of several inorganic support materials (alumina, silica, aluminum phosphate and combinations thereof) and at least one chlorinated hydrocarbon (preferably CCl.sub.4) at a temperature of about 40.degree.-90.degree. C. The dried catalyst compositions are used for the isomerization of C.sub.5 -C.sub.10 cycloalkanes and/or C.sub.4 -C.sub.10 alkanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1993
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: An-hsiang Wu
  • Patent number: 5245103
    Abstract: In one embodiment, C.sub.4 -C.sub.10 alkanes and/or C.sub.5 -C.sub.10 cycloalkanes are isomerized in the presence of a catalyst which has been prepared by heating AlCl.sub.3, at least one aluminum sulfate-containing support material and at least one chlorinated hydrocarbon (preferably CCl.sub.4) at about 40.degree.-90.degree. C., followed by separating the formed solid from the chlorinated hydrocarbon.In another embodiment, C.sub.5 -C.sub.10 cycloalkane(s) are isomerized in the presence of a catalyst which has been prepared by heating AlCl.sub.3, at least one sulfur-containing acid (H.sub.2 SO.sub.4 and/or ClSO.sub.3 H and/or FSO.sub.3 H and/or CF.sub.3 SO.sub.3 H) and at least one chlorinated hydrocarbon (preferably CCl.sub.4) at about 40.degree.-90.degree. C., followed by separating the formed solid from the chlorinated hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1993
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: An-hsiang Wu
  • Patent number: 5233120
    Abstract: The isomerization of C.sub.5 /C.sub.6 n-paraffins to isoparaffins, comprises:a stage (1) of deisopentanizing a charge constituted by a light naphtha,a stage (2) of isomerizing the deisopentanization residue, an adsorption stage (3) carried out by passing the isomerization effluent onto an adsorbent retaining the n-paraffins and alternating with the adsorption stage (3), a desorption stage (4) carried out by lowering the pressure and stripping by means of an isopentane-rich gas flow from the deisopentanization stage.The isomerate freed from the n-paraffins in stage (3) is a product having a high octane number.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1993
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Ari Minkkinen, Larry Mank, Sophie Jullian
  • Patent number: 5202519
    Abstract: A catalyst composition is prepared by mixing at least an aluminum halide (preferably AlCl.sub.3), at least one copper(II) salt (preferably CuCl.sub.2), calcium aluminate and at least one alcohol (preferably ethanol), shaping the mixture, and drying the shaped particles. The thus-obtained catalyst composition is employed in the isomerization of alkanes and/or cycloalkanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1993
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: Gyanesh P. Khare
  • Patent number: 5157188
    Abstract: A method for the oxidative conversion of methane, to higher hydrocarbons, particularly ethylene and ethane, in which a methane-containing gas, such as natural gas, and a free oxygen containing gas are contacted with a contact material selected from the group consisting of:(a) a component comprising: (1) at least one oxide of a metal selected from the group consisting of calcium, strontium and barium and, optionally, a component comprising: (2) at least one material selected from the group consisting of chloride ions, compounds containing chloride ions, tin and compounds containing tin;(b) a component comprising: (1) at least one metal selected from the group consisting of sodium, potassium and compounds containing said metals, a component comprising: (2) at least one metal selected from the group consisting of Group IIA metals and compounds containing said metals, and, optionally, a component comprising: (3) at least one material selected from the group consisting of chloride ions, compounds containing chlori
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1992
    Assignees: Phillips Petroleum Company, Atlantic Richfield Company
    Inventors: John H. Kolts, James B. Kimble
  • Patent number: 5004859
    Abstract: An improved catalyst particle is disclosed for the conversion of hydrocarbons which comprises a refractory inorganic-oxide support, a Friedel-Crafts metal halide, and a surface-layer platinum-group metal component, wherein the concentration of platinum-group metal component on the surface layer of each catalyst particle is at least 1.5 times the concentration in the central core of the catalyst particle. An isomerization process also is disclosed which is particularly effective for the conversion of C.sub.4 -C.sub.7 alkanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1991
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Robert J. Schmidt, Robert S. Haizmann, Mark R. Ford, C. David Low, Frank H. Adams
  • Patent number: 4967032
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for improving the thermal stability of polyalpha-olefin lubricants by contacting the lubricant with an acidic catalyst for a time and at a temperature sufficient to achieve the skeletal isomerization of the molecular structure of the lubricant. The reaction is carried out preferably on unhydrogenated synthetic lubricants in contact with Lewis acid catalysts. Following the isomerization reaction, the unsaturated lubricant is hydrogenated to produce lubricant with better thermal stability. Surprisingly, when the isomerization reaction is carried out using unsaturated oligomer produced from the oligomerization of alpha-olefins in contact with reduced Group VIB metal oxide catalyst on porous support as starting material the viscometric properties of the lubricant, e.g., viscosity and VI, are not significantly altered, although the thermal stability of the lubricant is substantially increased. The reaction of the present invention may be carried out in the presence of a solvent or neat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 30, 1990
    Assignee: Mobil Oil Corporation
    Inventors: Suzzy C. Ho, Margaret M. Wu
  • Patent number: 4560821
    Abstract: A continuous method for synthesizing hydrocarbons from a methane source which comprises contacting methane with particles comprising an oxidative synthesizing agent under synthesis conditions wherein particles recirculate between two physically separate zones: a methane contact zone and an oxygen contact zone. Preferably, particles are maintained in each of the two zones as fluidized beds of solids. Particularly effective oxidative synthesizing agents are reducible oxides of metals selected from the group consisting of Mn, Sn, In, Ge, Pb, Sb, and Bi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1985
    Assignee: Atlantic Richfield Company
    Inventors: C. Andrew Jones, John J. Leonard, John A. Sofranko
  • Patent number: 4513163
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for producing iso-paraffins from aromatic hydrocarbons comprising contacting the aromatic hydrocarbon or aromatic hydrocarbon-containing feed with a molten salt system comprising sodium tetrachloroaluminate (NaAlCl.sub.4) and up to about 25 weight percent hydrogen tetrachloroaluminate (HAlCl.sub.4) at a temperature above about 155.degree. C., i.e. that required to maintain the molten state of said mixture, whereby the ring structure is opened and the aromatic compound is rearranged to an iso-paraffin of the same or substantially the same molecular weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1983
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1985
    Assignee: Marathon Oil Company
    Inventor: Mark A. Plummer
  • Patent number: 4424387
    Abstract: A process is described for paraffin isomerization under strong acid conditions in which an adamantyl carboxylic acid or sulfonic acid is used to substantially increase the reaction rate of the isomerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1983
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1984
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventor: George M. Kramer
  • Patent number: 4357484
    Abstract: A process is described for non-cyclic paraffin isomerization under strong acid conditions in which an adamantane hydrocarbon is used to substantially increase the reaction rate of the isomerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 1981
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1982
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventor: George M. Kramer
  • Patent number: 4357483
    Abstract: A process is described for paraffin isomerization under strong acid conditions in which in aminoalkyladamantane is used to substantially increase the reaction rate of the isomerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 1981
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1982
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventor: George M. Kramer
  • Patent number: 4327240
    Abstract: Isomerizable hydrocarbons are isomerized using a catalytic composite comprising a combination of a catalytically effective amount of a pyrolyzed rhenium carbonyl component with a porous carrier material containing a uniform dispersion of catalytically effective amounts of a platinum group component, which is maintained in the elemental metallic state during the incorporation and pyrolysis of the rhenium carbonyl component, of a tin component, and of a halogen component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1982
    Assignee: UOP Inc.
    Inventor: George J. Antos
  • Patent number: 4275257
    Abstract: In a process for isomerizing a hydrocarbon feed in the presence of a metal halide catalyst and a hydrogen halide in which the reaction effluent is separated into a first liquid phase and an uncondensed first vapor phase, including hydrogen halide and noncondensable hydrocarbon gases, the first liquid phase is further separated into a second liquid phase and an uncondensed second vapor phase, including hydrogen halide, the uncondensed second vapor phase is recycled to the isomerization reaction and a portion of the uncondensed first vapor phase is at least intervally removed from the process to prevent buildup of noncondensable hydrocarbon gases in the system, improved operation is attained by passing an absorption liquid including a portion of the second liquid phase, from the second separation, a portion of the hydrocarbon feed or mixtures thereof, through the uncondensed vapor phase prior to venting the latter, to absorb hydrogen halide from the uncondensed first vapor phase, and absorption liquid utilized
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1980
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1981
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: Thomas Hutson, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4191845
    Abstract: Unsaturated C.sub.4 hydrocarbons are converted into normal butane by introducing an unsaturated C.sub.4 hydrocarbon stream into a hydrogenation zone to convert it into a stream of normal butane and isobutane. Normal butane is recovered from a separation zone while isobutane is directed to an isomerization zone wherein a portion of the isobutane is converted into normal butane. The stream from the isomerization zone is returned to the separation zone to recover the normal butane produced in the isomerization reaction. The normal butane produced by the process is subsequently utilized in a cracking zone to produce ethylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 1978
    Date of Patent: March 4, 1980
    Assignee: Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation
    Inventors: Jacob N. Rubin, Frederick B. Seufert
  • Patent number: RE33080
    Abstract: A process is described for non-cyclic paraffin isomerization under strong acid conditions in which an adamantane hydrocarbon is used to substantially increase the reaction rate of the isomerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 3, 1989
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Company
    Inventor: George M. Kramer