Multi-walled Patents (Class 977/752)
  • Patent number: 9034426
    Abstract: Structured films containing multi-walled carbon nanotubes (“MWCNTs”) have enhanced mechanical performance in terms of strength, fracture resistance, and creep recovery of polyimide (“PI”) films. Preferably, the loadings of MWCNTs can be in the range of 0.1 wt % to 0.5 wt %. The strength of the new PI films dried at 60° C. increased by 55% and 72% for 0.1 wt % MWCNT and 0.5 wt % MWCNT loadings, respectively, while the fracture resistance increased by 23% for the 0.1 wt % MWCNTs and then decreases at a loading of 0.5 wt % MWCNTs. The films can be advantageously be created by managing a corresponding shift in the annealing temperature at which the maximum strength occurs as the MWCNT loadings increase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Tuskegee University
    Inventor: Heshmat Aglan
  • Publication number: 20150111025
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a dispersion liquid of a carbon nanotube-containing composition which contains a carbon nanotube-containing composition, a dispersant with a weight-average molecular weight of 5,000 to 60,000 as determined by gel permeation chromatography, and an aqueous solvent. The present invention provides a dispersion liquid of a carbon nanotube-containing composition which shows high dispersibility on a base while maintaining high dispersibility for the carbon nanotube-containing composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Hidekazu Nishino, Kazunori Hondo, Naoki Imazu
  • Patent number: 9006667
    Abstract: A material may include a medium and carbon nanotubes dispersed in the medium. Fluorescent moieties may be attached to functional groups on a first quantity of the carbon nanotubes. The fluorescent moieties may be in a concentration in the material sufficient to make the material fluoresce in the presence of radiation. The fluorescent moieties may have an emission wavelength that is in or below the visible spectrum. The carbon nanotubes may be dispersed in the medium in a concentration sufficient to make the material electrically conductive at or above the material's electrical percolation threshold. Any suitable product may include the material. Methods for verifying the authenticity of the product may include detecting emissive radiation, testing electrical conductivity, and determining the presence of a structural characteristic of the carbon nanotubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Dylan J. Boday, Jason T. Wertz
  • Patent number: 8992799
    Abstract: A polymer composite composed of a polymerized mixture of functionalized carbon nanotubes and monomer which chemically reacts with the functionalized nanotubes. The carbon nanotubes are functionalized by reacting with oxidizing or other chemical media through chemical reactions or physical adsorption. The reacted surface carbons of the nanotubes are further functionalized with chemical moieties that react with the surface carbons and selected monomers. The functionalized nanotubes are first dispersed in an appropriate medium such as water, alcohol or a liquefied monomer and then the mixture is polymerized. The polymerization results in polymer chains of increasing weight bound to the surface carbons of the nanotubes. The composite may consists of some polymer chains imbedded in the composite without attachment to the nanotubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Hyperion Catalysis International, Inc.
    Inventors: Chunming Niu, Lein Ngaw
  • Patent number: 8992878
    Abstract: Disclosed is a composition containing carbon nanotubes which meets all of the following conditions (1) to (4). (1) When observed via transmission electron microscopy, at least 50 out of every 100 carbon nanotubes are double-walled carbon nanotubes. (2) The carbon nanotubes have an average outer diameter in the range of 1.0 to 3.0 nm. (3) During thermogravimetric analysis under atmosphere at a temperature increase rate of 10° C./minute, a high temperature combustion peak is at 700 to 850° C., and the relationship between low temperature weight loss (TG(L)) and high temperature weight loss (TG(H)) is TG(H)/(TG(L)+TG(H))?0.75. (4) The composition containing carbon nanotubes has a volume resistance value between 1.0×10?2 ?·cm and 1.0×10?4 ?·cm, inclusive. The disclosed composition containing carbon nanotubes primarily has double-walled carbon nanotubes with high electrical conductivity and high heat resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Hidekazu Nishino, Hajime Kato, Naoyo Okamoto, Shuko Ikeuchi, Kenichi Sato, Shiho Tanaka, Kazuyoshi Higuchi
  • Patent number: 8987150
    Abstract: A fabric for use in chemical and biological (CB) protective garments includes at least one felt layer having from 25% to 100% carbon nanotube (CNT) fibers as a breathable physical barrier against toxic chemical droplets and/or pathogens. The felt layers are cleaned and consolidated into a mechanically competent sheet which can form adhesive seams having lapshear greater than the sheet itself. An additional supporting layer can be included. The supporting layer can be a wicking layer which is permeable with a chlorinated or otherwise chemically active solution to establish a reactive chemical barrier, the solution being dispensed on demand from a portable container. Embodiments include a second layer of CNT or of another backing fabric, sandwiching the wicking layer therebetween. Impermeable fluoropolymer seams can divide the fabric into a plurality of CNT/wicking cells. A layer of activated charcoal and/or halamine-forming hydantoin can be included for persistent reactive chemical protection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Warwick Mills Inc.
    Inventor: Charles A. Howland
  • Patent number: 8980137
    Abstract: A composite for providing electromagnetic shielding including a plurality of nanotubes; and a plurality of elongate metallic nanostructures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nokia Corporation
    Inventors: Vladimir Alexsandrovich Ermolov, Markku Anttoni Oksanen, Khattiya Chalapat, Gheorghe Sorin Paraoanu
  • Publication number: 20150068908
    Abstract: A galvanic bath for the electrolytic deposition of a composite material based on gold, copper and cadmium, including gold, copper and cadmium as cyanide, has a pH higher than 7, and further includes carbon nanotubes, and does not contain any surfactant used to disperse the carbon nanotubes. A method for the galvanic deposition of a composite material on a substrate, includes the steps of preparing such a bath and ultrasound treatment of the bath, and does not include any step of thermal pre-treatment of the bath.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: HAUTE ECOLE ARC
    Inventor: Pierre-Antoine Gay
  • Patent number: 8974862
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method of manufacturing a composite carbon sheet, including the steps of: mixing 70 parts by weight of a first solution as a dispersant with 30 parts by weight of a second solution as a binder to prepare a third solution; mixing 80˜97 parts by weight of the third solution with 3˜20 parts by weight of any one selected from the group consisting of single-wall carbon nanotubes, double-wall carbon nanotubes, multi-wall carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, carbon nanoparticles, graphene and fullerene to prepare a fourth solution; dispersing the fourth solution to prepare a mixed dispersion solution; and coating an expanded graphite sheet with the mixed dispersion solution. The method is advantageous in that the thermal conductivity of the composite carbon sheet manufactured by this method can be improved, the physical properties thereof can be enhanced, the exfoliation thereof can be prevented, and the tensile strength and tear strength thereof can be improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Inventor: Jong-Sam Yu
  • Patent number: 8974644
    Abstract: Electromagnetic irradiation of functionalized fullerenes in an oxygen-free environment induces conversion of the functionalized fullerenes to carbon nanotubes, carbon nanohorns, carbon onions, diamonds and/or carbon schwarzites. The carbon nanotubes can be multi-wall carbon nanotubes. Advantageously, the subject invention can be used for in-situ synthesis of carbon nanostructures within a matrix to form a carbon nanostructure composite, where positioning of the carbon nanostructures is controlled by the manner of dispersion of the functionalized fullerenes in the matrix. Carbon nanotube comprising features, such as electrical connects, can be formed on a surface by irradiating a portion of a functionalized fullerene coating with a laser beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Vijay Krishna, Brij M. Moudgil, Benjamin L. Koopman
  • Patent number: 8968605
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a conductive polymer composition for a PTC element with decreased NTC characteristics, using carbon nanotubes, a PTC binder resin, and a cellulose-based or polyester-based resin for fixing the carbon nanotubes and the PTC binder, and to a PTC element, a circuit and a sheet heating element using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: LG Hausys, Ltd.
    Inventors: Seong-Hoon Yue, Yong-Bae Jung, Min-Hee Lee, Won-Kook Kim, Dong-Joo Kwon
  • Patent number: 8963068
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a system for an apodization mask composed of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for absorbing unwanted stray light. An apodization mask is a precise pattern or shape that is mathematically derived using light scattering measurement techniques to achieve optimal light absorption. Also disclosed herein is an apparatus for a duplex telescope with stray light suppressing capabilities comprising: a primary mirror for transmitting and receiving light; a secondary mirror for defocusing transmitted light onto the primary mirror and for focusing received light; a photodetector which receives light; a laser transmitter which transmits light; and an apodization mask for absorbing stray transmitted light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics Space Administration
    Inventors: John G. Hagopian, Jeffrey C. Livas, Shahram R. Shiri, Stephanie A. Getty, June L Tveekrem, James J. Butler
  • Patent number: 8951631
    Abstract: A composition includes a carbon nanotube (CNT)-infused metal fiber material which includes a metal fiber material of spoolable dimensions, a barrier coating conformally disposed about the metal fiber material, and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) infused to the metal fiber material. A continuous CNT infusion process includes: (a) disposing a barrier coating and a carbon nanotube (CNT)-forming catalyst on a surface of a metal fiber material of spoolable dimensions; and (b) synthesizing carbon nanotubes on the metal fiber material, thereby forming a carbon nanotube-infused metal fiber material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Applied NanoStructured Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Tushar K. Shah, Slade H. Gardner, Mark R. Alberding, Harry C. Malecki
  • Patent number: 8951632
    Abstract: A composition includes a carbon nanotube (CNT)-infused carbon fiber material that includes a carbon fiber material of spoolable dimensions and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) infused to the carbon fiber material. The infused CNTs are uniform in length and uniform in distribution. The CNT infused carbon fiber material also includes a barrier coating conformally disposed about the carbon fiber material, while the CNTs are substantially free of the barrier coating. A continuous CNT infusion process includes: (a) functionalizing a carbon fiber material; (b) disposing a barrier coating on the functionalized carbon fiber material (c) disposing a carbon nanotube (CNT)-forming catalyst on the functionalized carbon fiber material; and (d) synthesizing carbon nanotubes, thereby forming a carbon nanotube-infused carbon fiber material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Applied NanoStructured Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Tushar K. Shah, Slade H. Gardner, Mark R. Alberding, Harry C. Malecki
  • Patent number: 8940190
    Abstract: A composite for providing electromagnetic shielding including a plurality of nanotubes; and a plurality of elongate metallic nanostructures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Nokia Corporation
    Inventors: Vladimir Alexsandrovich Ermolov, Markku Anttoni Oksanen, Khattiya Chalapat, Gheorghe Sorin Paraoanu
  • Patent number: 8936681
    Abstract: A method for making an epitaxial structure is provided. The method includes the following steps. A substrate is provided. The substrate has an epitaxial growth surface for growing epitaxial layer. A carbon nanotube layer is placed on the epitaxial growth surface. An epitaxial layer is epitaxially grown on the epitaxial growth surface. The carbon nanotube layer is removed. The carbon nanotube layer can be removed by heating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yang Wei, Shou-Shan Fan
  • Publication number: 20150013036
    Abstract: Provided is a sample fixing member for an atomic force microscope capable of reducing the drift amount of a sample during measurement. A sample fixing member for an atomic force microscope of the present invention includes a fibrous columnar structure including a plurality of fibrous columnar objects each having a length of 200 ?m or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Applicant: NITTO DENKO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Youhei Maeno
  • Publication number: 20150005411
    Abstract: Provided is a resin composition for electromagnetic interference shielding. More particularly, provided is a resin composition having superior dispersibility and impact relaxation and high conductivity, the resin comprising: (a) 100 parts by weight of a resin; based on 100 parts by weight of the resin, (b) 0.1 to 15 parts by weight of a carbon nanotube surface-modified in a condition of the absence of oxidant; and (c) 1 to 40 parts by weight of a carbon compound, a metal, a metal compound, or a mixture thereof. The resin composition for electromagnetic interference shielding, comprising a carbon hydride composite, is specifically useful in an electronic control unit material for weight reduction of car, and thus can be replaced with a high-priced heavy metal material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Jin Seo Lee, Man Woo Jung, Seung hoe Do, Seong Yun Jeon, Jae Yun Lim
  • Patent number: 8920682
    Abstract: The disclosure generally relates to a dispersion of nanoparticles in a liquid medium. The liquid medium is suitably water-based and further includes an ionic liquid-based stabilizer in the liquid medium to stabilize the dispersion of nanoparticles therein. The stabilizer can be polymeric or monomeric and generally includes a moiety with at least one quaternary ammonium cation from a corresponding ionic liquid. The dispersion suitably can be formed by shearing or otherwise mixing a mixture/combination of its components. The dispersions can be used to form nanoparticle composite films upon drying or otherwise removing the liquid medium carrier, with the stabilizer providing a nanoparticle binder in the composite film. The films can be formed on essentially any desired substrate and can impart improved electrical conductivity and/or thermal conductivity properties to the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Eastern Michigan University
    Inventor: John Texter
  • Patent number: 8911859
    Abstract: A nanoporous network includes carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with the network having a pore size in a range from about 15 nm to about 35 nm. The nanoporous network can be coated, compressed, or any combination of these operations in the manufacture of various articles. A method of making a nanoporous network includes disposing a concentrated aqueous CNT solution in a mold, freezing the concentrated aqueous CNT solution, and subliming the frozen concentrated CNT solution in a vacuum chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventor: James M. Spatcher
  • Patent number: 8907384
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods of preparing and using doped MWNT electrodes, sensors and field-effect transistors. Devices incorporating doped MWNT electrodes, sensors and field-effect transistors are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: NanoSelect, Inc.
    Inventors: Salvatore J. Pace, Piu Francis Man, Ajeeta Pradip Patil, Kah Fatt Tan
  • Patent number: 8906495
    Abstract: This invention relates to a composite comprising carbon nanotubes coated with a polymer, wherein the polymer comprises at least one hydrophobic monomer unit. This invention also relates to a process for the production of a composite comprising a polymer and carbon nanotubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: The University of Nottingham
    Inventor: George Zheng Chen
  • Patent number: 8900701
    Abstract: A fibrous columnar structure aggregate having excellent mechanical properties, a high specific surface area, excellent heat resistance, excellent pressure-sensitive adhesive properties under temperature conditions ranging from room temperature to a high temperature, and such pressure-sensitive adhesive property that its adhesive strength for adherends different from each other in surface free energy does not change (the aggregate is free of adherend selectivity). The fibrous columnar structure aggregate (1) includes fibrous columnar structures having a plurality of diameters, in which the distribution width of the diameter distribution of the fibrous columnar structures having the plurality of diameters is 10 nm or more, and the relative frequency of the mode of the diameter distribution is 30% or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Youhei Maeno, Yoshikazu Nakayama, Kaori Hirahara
  • Publication number: 20140349536
    Abstract: A heat storage textile. In one embodiment the textile is prepared by applying a coating containing carbon nanotubes to a side of a textile. The coating solution comprises, by weight, at least 0.1% carbon nanotubes, 0.01% dispersant, 9.89% resin binder, and 10 solvent. The carbon nanotube surface may be modified to improve the adhesive properties. The carbon nanotubes can be single wall nanotubes, multi-wall carbon nanotubes such as a double wall nanotube (DWNT), or thin multi-wall nanotubes. The coating may cure while transferring the coated heat storage textile with a constant velocity at a room temperature or in a heated chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: Yong Sung Jo, Sang Keun Oh
  • Publication number: 20140330100
    Abstract: Carbon nanostructures may be protected and functionalized using a layer-by-layer method whereby functional groups on the carbon nanostructure surface may be further derivatized to incorporate additional functional moieties. Exemplary moieties include redox mediator molecules, crown ethers, catalysts, boric acids, carbohydrates, oligonucleotides, DNA or RNA aptamers, peptide aptamers, proteins such as enzymes and antibodies, quantum dots and nanoparticles, cells, cell organelles, or other cellular components. The density of functional groups or functional moieties on carbon nanostructure surfaces may also be controlled as well as the degree of surface hydrophilicity of the nanostructure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Applicant: NANOSELECT, INC.
    Inventors: Chunhong Li, David J. Ruggieri
  • Publication number: 20140322517
    Abstract: A carbon nanotube aggregate according to one embodiment of the present invention includes a plurality of carbon nanotubes, in which: the carbon nanotubes each have a plurality of walls; a distribution width of a wall number distribution of the carbon nanotubes is 10 walls or more; a relative frequency of a mode of the wall number distribution is 25% or less; and a length of each of the carbon nanotubes is more than 10 ?m. A carbon nanotube aggregate according to another embodiment of the present invention includes a plurality of carbon nanotubes, in which: the carbon nanotubes each have a plurality of walls; a mode of a wall number distribution of the carbon nanotubes is present at a wall number of 10 or less; a relative frequency of the mode is 30% or more; and a length of each of the carbon nanotubes is more than 10 ?m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: NITTO DENKO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Youhei Maeno
  • Patent number: 8865604
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a bulk carbon nanotube and metallic composite is provided. The bulk carbon nanotube and metallic composite includes a bulk carbon nanotube material layer including a plurality of carbon nanotubes, and a metal film applied across the bulk carbon nanotube material layer. The metal film penetrates into the interstices between individual carbon nanotubes to reduce an electrical resistance between the plurality of carbon nanotubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: James Antoni Wasynczuk
  • Patent number: 8865019
    Abstract: The method of inhibiting free radical polymerization of styrene includes adding multi-walled carbon nanotubes are added to the styrene monomer. The addition of the multi-walled carbon nanotubes at a concentration of 5% by weight is found to provide effective inhibition of the polymerization of the styrene. Greater decreases in the conversion rate of styrene to polystyrene are found through the addition of multi-walled carbon nanotubes functionalized with a carboxylic group (COOH). Still greater decreases in the conversion rate of styrene to polystyrene are found through the addition of multi-walled carbon nanotubes functionalized with octadecylamine (C18H39N). The multi-walled carbon nanotubes may also be functionalized with other functional groups, such as octadecanoate, polyethylene glycol or phenol. The functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes only require addition at a concentration of 1% by weight to be effective in polymerization inhibition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignees: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology
    Inventors: Muataz Ali Atieh, Adnan Al-Amer, Issam Thaher Amr
  • Publication number: 20140302296
    Abstract: Inks for the formation of transparent conductive films are described that comprise an aqueous or alcohol based solvent, carbon nanotubes as well as suitable dopants. Suitable dopants generally comprise halogenated ionic dopants. In some embodiment, the inks comprise sulfonated dispersants that can effectively provide additional doping to improve electrical conductivity as well as stabilize the inks with respect to settling and/or improve the fluid properties of the inks for certain processing approaches. The inks can be processed into films with desirable levels of electrical conductivity and optical transparency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: C3NANO INC.
    Inventors: Melburne C. LeMieux, Ajay Virkar, Yung-Yu Huang
  • Publication number: 20140272410
    Abstract: A fractal microstructure which includes multi-walled carbon nanotubes suited for customizable volumetric energy and power densities. Electrode monoliths can be formed from a variety of process steps including some or all of RF polymerization, RF coalescence and ripening at intersections, and multi-walled carbon nanotube crosslinking. The resulting nanocomposite is capable of performing all five functions of an electrode while at the same time offering robust mechanical strength and significantly improved energy storage capabilities through, among other things, intra- and inter-particle interlocking.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Robert J. Miller, Alevtina White Smirnova
  • Patent number: 8835126
    Abstract: Tritiated planar carbon forms and their production are provided. Methods are provided for the stoichiometrically controlled labeling of planar carbon forms capitalizing on normal flaws of carboxylic acids ubiquitously present in commercial preparations of these planar carbon forms. Alternative methods include generation of a metallated intermediate whereby a metal is substituted for hydrogen on the carbon backbone of a planar carbon form. The metalized intermediate is then reacted with a tritium donor to covalently label the planar carbon form. The tritiated planar carbon forms produced are useful, for example, for determination of a biological property or environmental fate of planar carbon forms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: PerkinElmer Health Sciences, Inc.
    Inventor: Crist N. Filer
  • Patent number: 8822078
    Abstract: The present invention relates to freestanding carbon nanotube paper comprising purified carbon nanotubes, where the purified carbon nanotubes form the freestanding carbon nanotube paper and carbon microparticles embedded in and/or present on a surface of the carbon nanotube paper. The invention also relates to a lithium ion battery, capacitor, supercapacitor, battery/capacitor, and fuel cell containing the freestanding carbon nanotube paper as an electrode. Also disclosed is a method of making a freestanding carbon nanotube paper. This method involves providing purified carbon nanotubes, contacting the purified carbon nanotubes with an organic solvent under conditions effective to form a dispersion comprising the purified carbon nanotubes. The dispersion is formed into a carbon nanotube paper and carbon microparticles are incorporated with the purified carbon nanotubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Rochester Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Brian J. Landi, Ryne P. Raffaelle, Cory D. Cress
  • Patent number: 8808597
    Abstract: A precursor raw material for the PAN-based carbon fibers represented by Formula (I) is provided. In Formula (I), R is methyl, ethyl or propyl, x+z=0.5-20.0 mol %, z?0.5 mol %, y=99.5-80.0 mol % and x+y+z=100 mol %. The invention also provides a PAN-based oxidized fiber and a PAN-based carbon fiber prepared by the precursor raw material for the PAN-based carbon fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Tun-Fun Way, Jiun-Jy Chen, Yu-Ting Chen, Kai-Jen Hsiao, Shu-Hui Cheng, Jong-Pyng Chen
  • Patent number: 8808580
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composite of carbon nanotubes and of graphenes in agglomerated solid form comprising: a) carbon nanotubes, the content of which represents from 0.1% to 50% by weight, preferably from 10% to 40% by weight relative to the total weight of the composite; b) graphenes, the content of which represents from 0.1% to 20% by weight, preferably from 1% to 10% by weight relative to the total weight of the composite; and c) a polymer composition comprising at least one thermoplastic polymer and/or one elastomer. The present invention also relates to a process for preparing said composite, its use for the manufacture of a composite product, and also to the various applications of the composite product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Dominique Plee, Alexander Korzhenko
  • Publication number: 20140225044
    Abstract: A method of making a mechanically robust, electrically conductive ultralow-density carbon nanotube-based aerogel, including the steps of dispersing nanotubes in an aqueous media or other media to form a suspension, adding reactants and catalyst to the suspension to create a reaction mixture, curing the reaction mixture to form a wet gel, drying the wet gel to produce a dry gel, and pyrolyzing the dry gel to produce the mechanically robust, electrically conductive ultralow-density carbon nanotube-based aerogel. The aerogel is mechanically robust, electrically conductive, and ultralow-density, and is made of a porous carbon material having 5 to 95% by weight carbon nanotubes and 5 to 95% carbon binder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC
    Inventors: Marcus A. Worsley, Theodore F. Baumann, Joe H. Satcher, JR.
  • Patent number: 8796024
    Abstract: A method for culturing neural cells using a culture medium is provided. Each neural cell includes a neural cell body and at least one neurite branched from the neural cell body. The culture medium includes a substrate and a carbon nanotube structure located on the substrate. A surface of the carbon nanotube structure is polarized to form a polar surface. The neural cells are cultured on the polar surface to grow neurites along the carbon nanotube wires. The carbon nanotube structure includes a number of carbon nanotube wires spaced apart from each other. A distance between adjacent carbon nanotube wires is greater than or equal to a diameter of the neural cell body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Li Fan, Chen Feng, Wen-Mei Zhao
  • Patent number: 8791222
    Abstract: This invention concerns a polymer coating composition for use as non-focal optical power limiting dye containing polymeric materials. This composition contains: (1) one or more Modified Polymers comprising a Polymer, such as a hyperbranched polymer family, especially HB-PCS, HB-PU, HB-PUSOX or PC with one or more of: a) reverse saturable dye (RSA), b) multi-photon absorption dye (MPA), c) an azo dye, or d) absorption dye, which dye is chemically bonded to the pendant groups of the Polymer (along its chain and/or termini) or which forms a part of the backbone of the Polymer; (2) carbon nanotubes (CNT) as optical power limiters (OPL); and (3) a self-focusing component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Oxazogen, Inc.
    Inventors: Abhijit Sarkar, Petar R. Dvornic, James P. Godschalx
  • Patent number: 8778487
    Abstract: A tape that can be used to detect cracks in a structure to which it is attached is disclosed herein. The tape includes a plurality of structural fibers. The tape also includes an electrically-insulating binder at least partially encapsulating the plurality of structural fibers. The tape also includes quantities of electrically conductive particles, each quantity of electrically conductive particles connected with one of the plurality of structural fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce Corporation
    Inventor: Edward Claude Rice
  • Patent number: 8771405
    Abstract: A gas filter comprises a housing (30) having a gas inlet (55), a gas outlet (65) and at least one chamber (70) therebetween containing carbon nanotubes (110). The chamber (70) has a port (90) and is configured for simultaneous gas ingress to and gas egress from the carbon nanotubes (110) through the port (90).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Inventor: Dimitris Drikakis
  • Publication number: 20140174924
    Abstract: The invention relates to electrodes for electrochemical analysis comprising: —an insulating surface; —carbon nanotubes situated on the insulating surface at a density of at least 0.1 ?mCNT Um?2; and —an electrically conducting material in electrical contact with the carbon nanotubes; wherein the carbon nanotubes cover an area of no more than about 5.0% of the insulating surface. Methods of making such electrodes and assay devices or kits with such electrodes, are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK
    Inventors: Julie Victoria Macpherson, Patrick Robert Unwin
  • Patent number: 8758717
    Abstract: A method of cutting, thinning, welding and chemically functionalizing multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with carboxyl and allyl moieties, and altering the electrical properties of the CNT films by applying high current densities combined with air-exposure is developed and demonstrated. Such welded high-conductance CNT networks of functionalized CNTs could be useful for device and sensor applications, and may serve as high mechanical toughness mat fillers that are amenable to integration with nanocomposite matrices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
    Inventors: Ramanath Ganapathiraman, Saurabh Agrawal, Raghuveer S. Makala
  • Patent number: 8753602
    Abstract: A method of forming a carbon nanotube array on a substrate is disclosed. One embodiment of the method comprises depositing a composite catalyst layer on the substrate, oxidizing the composite catalyst layer, reducing the oxidized composite catalyst layer, and growing the array on the composite catalyst layer. The composite catalyst layer may comprise a group VIII element and a non-catalytic element deposited onto the substrate from an alloy. In another embodiment, the composite catalyst layer comprises alternating layers of iron and a lanthanide, preferably gadolinium or lanthanum. The composite catalyst layer may be reused to grow multiple carbon nanotube arrays without additional processing of the substrate. The method may comprise bulk synthesis by forming carbon nanotubes on a plurality of particulate substrates having a composite catalyst layer comprising the group VIII element and the non-catalytic element. In another embodiment, the composite catalyst layer is deposited on both sides of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: University of Cincinnati
    Inventors: Vesselin N. Shanov, Andrew Gorton, Yeo-Heung Yun, Mark J. Schulz
  • Patent number: 8753578
    Abstract: An apparatus for the large scale production of boron nitride nanotubes comprising; a pressure chamber containing; a continuously fed boron containing target; a source of thermal energy preferably a focused laser beam; a cooled condenser; a source of pressurized nitrogen gas; and a mechanism for extracting boron nitride nanotubes that are condensed on or in the area of the cooled condenser from the pressure chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignees: Jefferson Science Associates, LLC, The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of NASA
    Inventors: Michael W. Smith, Kevin Jordan
  • Patent number: 8747799
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of forming single-walled carbon nanotubes. The method comprises contacting a gaseous carbon source with mesoporous TUD-1 silicate at suitable conditions. The mesoporous TUD-1 silicate comprises a metal of groups 3-13 of the Periodic Table of the Elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Nanyang Technological University
    Inventors: Yuan Chen, Yanhui Yang
  • Patent number: 8728359
    Abstract: Fire retardant materials are provided that contain carbon nanotubes and particles capable of endothermically reacting when exposed to elevated temperatures. The carbon nanotubes may be a buckypaper. Methods also are provided for making a fire retardant material and for improving the fire retardation capabilities of a material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Florida State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Changchun Zeng, Chuck Zhang, Ben Wang, Richard Liang, Chase Knight
  • Patent number: 8709374
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a scaled method for producing substantially aligned carbon nanotubes by depositing onto a continuously moving substrate, (1) a catalyst to initiate and maintain the growth of carbon nanotubes, and (2) a carbon-bearing precursor. Products made from the disclosed method, such as monolayers of substantially aligned carbon nanotubes, and methods of using them are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Seldon Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Christopher H. Cooper, Hai-Feng Zhang, Richard Czerw
  • Patent number: 8709372
    Abstract: A fiber of carbon nanotubes was prepared by a wet-spinning method involving drawing carbon nanotubes away from a substantially aligned, supported array of carbon nanotubes to form a ribbon, wetting the ribbon with a liquid, and spinning a fiber from the wetted ribbon. The liquid can be a polymer solution and after forming the fiber, the polymer can be cured. The resulting fiber has a higher tensile strength and higher conductivity compared to dry-spun fibers and to wet-spun fibers prepared by other methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Los Alamos National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Yuntian T. Zhu, Paul Arendt, Xiefei Zhang, Qingwen Li, Lei Fu, Lianxi Zheng
  • Patent number: 8709305
    Abstract: This invention concerns a polymer coating material composition (PCM) comprising as components a Polymer Matrix, carbon nanotubes (CNT) as optical power limiters (OPL), and carbon-rich molecules. One aspect of the invention is where the Polymer Matrix is a hyperbranched polymer, such as a hyperbranched polycarbosiloxane polymer. Another aspect of the invention is where the CNT is a short multiwall carbon nanotube (sMWNT). A further aspect of the invention is where the carbon-rich molecules are triethoxysilyl anthracene derivatives. The composition wherein the ratio in weight percent of Polymer Matrix to CNT to carbon-rich molecule is from 94:3:3 to 99.8:0.1:0.1. The composition can further contain one or more of multi-photon absorbers (MPA) chromophores or reverse saturable absorbers (RSA) chromophores. These compositions can be used as: a) a film, b) a coating, c) a liquid, d) a solution, or e) a sandwiched film between two transparent substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Oxazogen, Inc.
    Inventor: Abhijit Sarkar
  • Patent number: 8709217
    Abstract: Electromagnetic irradiation of functionalized fullerenes in an oxygen-free environment induces conversion of the functionalized fullerenes to carbon nanotubes, carbon nanohorns, carbon onions, diamonds and/or carbon schwarzites. The carbon nanotubes can be multi-wall carbon nanotubes. Advantageously, the subject invention can be used for in-situ synthesis of carbon nanostructures within a matrix to form a carbon nanostructure composite, where positioning of the carbon nanostructures is controlled by the manner of dispersion of the functionalized fullerenes in the matrix. Carbon nanotube comprising features, such as electrical connects, can be formed on a surface by irradiating a portion of a functionalized fullerene coating with a laser beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Vijay Krishna, Brij M. Moudgil, Benjamin L. Koopman
  • Patent number: 8709307
    Abstract: This invention concerns a polymer coating material composition (PCM) comprising as components a polymer matrix, carbon nanotubes (CNT) as optical power limiters (OPL), and carbon rich molecules. One aspect of the invention is where the Polymer Matrix is a hyperbranched polymer, such as a hyperbranched polycarbosiloxane polymer. Another aspect of the invention is where the CNT is a short multiwall carbon nanotube (sMWNT). A further aspect of the invention is where the carbon-rich molecules are triethoxysilyl anthracene derivatives. The composition wherein the ratio in weight percent of Polymer Matrix to CNT to carbon-rich molecule is from 94:3:3 to 99.8:0.1:0.1. The composition can further contain one or more of multi-photon absorbers (MPA) chromophores or reverse saturable absorbers (RSA) chromophores. These compositions can be used as: a) a film, b) a coating, c) a liquid, d) a solution, or e) a sandwiched film between two transparent substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Oxazogen, Inc.
    Inventors: Abhijit Sarkar, George Rayfield