Yu-Jen Wang has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
Abstract: A liquid crystal photoelectric apparatus including an upper substrate, a lower substrate, a plurality of alignment layers, and a liquid crystal material is provided. The alignment layers include an upper alignment layer, a lower alignment layer, and at least one intermediate alignment layer. The upper alignment layer has a first orientation direction. The lower alignment layer has a second orientation direction. The at least one intermediate alignment layer has an intermediate orientation direction. The intermediate orientation direction is between the first orientation direction and the second orientation direction. The liquid crystal material includes a plurality of liquid crystal material portions. Each of the liquid crystal material portions is disposed between any adjacent two alignment layers. A manufacturing method of the liquid crystal photoelectric apparatus is also provided.
Abstract: A process flow for forming magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) cells with a critical dimension CD?60 nm by using a top electrode (TE) hard mask having a thickness?100 nm prior to MTJ etching is disclosed. A carbon hard mask (HM), silicon HM, and photoresist are sequentially formed on a MTJ stack of layers. A pattern of openings in the photoresist is transferred through the Si HM with a first reactive ion etch (RIE), and through the carbon HM with a second RIE. After TE material is deposited to fill the openings, a chemical mechanical process is performed to remove all layers above the carbon HM. The carbon HM is stripped and the resulting TE pillars are trimmed to a CD?60 nm while maintaining a thickness proximate to 100 nm. Thereafter, an etch process forms MTJ cells while TE thickness is maintained at ?70 nm.
November 11, 2019
March 5, 2020
Yi Yang, Zhongjian Teng, Jesmin Haq, Yu-Jen Wang
Abstract: A stack of connecting metal vias is formed on a bottom electrode by repeating steps of depositing a conductive via layer, patterning and trimming the conductive via layer to form a sub 30 nm conductive via, encapsulating the conductive via with a dielectric layer, and exposing a top surface of the conductive via. A MTJ stack is deposited on the encapsulated via stack. A top electrode layer is deposited on the MTJ stack and patterned and trimmed to form a sub 60 nm hard mask. The MTJ stack is etched using the hard mask to form an MTJ device and over etched into the encapsulation layers but not into the bottom electrode wherein metal re-deposition material is formed on sidewalls of the encapsulation layers underlying the MTJ device and not on sidewalls of a barrier layer of the MTJ device.
Abstract: A method for etching a magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ) structure is described. A MTJ stack is deposited on a bottom electrode wherein the MTJ stack comprises at least a pinned layer, a barrier layer on the pinned layer, and a free layer on the barrier layer, A top electrode layer is deposited on the MTJ stack. A hard mask is deposited on the top electrode layer. The top electrode layer and hard mask are etched. Thereafter, the MTJ stack not covered by the hard mask is etched, stopping at or within the pinned layer. Thereafter, an encapsulation layer is deposited over the partially etched MTJ stack and etched away on horizontal surfaces leaving a self-aligned hard mask on sidewalls of the partially etched MTJ stack. Finally, the remaining MTJ stack not covered by hard mask and self-aligned hard mask is etched to complete the MTJ structure.
August 27, 2018
February 27, 2020
Yi Yang, Dongna Shen, Vignesh Sundar, Yu-Jen Wang
Abstract: The present disclosure, in some embodiments, relates to an integrated chip. The integrated chip includes an image sensing element disposed within a semiconductor substrate. One or more isolation structures are arranged within one or more trenches disposed along a first surface of the semiconductor substrate. The one or more isolation structures are separated from opposing sides of the image sensing element by non-zero distances. The one or more trenches are defined by sidewalls and a horizontally extending surface of the semiconductor substrate. A doped region is laterally arranged between the sidewalls of the semiconductor substrate defining the one or more trenches and is vertically arranged between the image sensing element and the first surface of the semiconductor substrate.
Abstract: An etch process flow for forming magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) cells with enhanced throughput that also increases the magnetoresistive ratio and decreases critical dimension (CD) variation is disclosed. A photoresist pattern is formed on a dielectric antireflective coating (DARC), which contacts a top surface of a hard mask (HM) that is an uppermost MTJ layer. After a first ion beam etch (IBE) or reactive ion etch (RIE) transfers the pattern through the DARC, a second etch is used to transfer the pattern through the HM. The second etch includes an oxidant to passivate the pattern sidewalls and completely removes the photoresist layer because of one or both of a thicker DARC and thicker HM than in conventional processing. Accordingly, an oxygen etch typically used to remove the photoresist after the HM etch is avoided and thereby provides improved MTJ performance, especially for CDs<60 nm.
Abstract: A photolithography system includes a variable-volume buffer tank, a dispensing system connected to the buffer tank, and a valve configured to release gas from a head space of the buffer tank while blocking the release of liquid from the head space. A storage container has an opening at the bottom and drains to the buffer tank through that opening. The buffer tank has a storage capacity sufficient to receive the full contents of the storage container. The system supplies chemical solutions to the dispensing system while keeping the chemical solutions from contact with air and other gases.
Abstract: The present disclosure describes a container for placing an object therein. The container includes a container body and a lid over the container body, a collision-preventing portion attached to one or more of the container body and the lid and configured to buffer an impact force, a pairing recognition mechanism configured to detect an object placed in the container body, and a liquid-detecting sensor configured to detect a leakage from the object.
Abstract: A method for etching a magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ) structure is described. A stack of MTJ layers on a bottom electrode on a wafer is provided. A metal hard mask layer is provided on the MTJ stack. A stack of multiple dielectric hard masks is formed on the metal hard mask wherein each successive dielectric hard mask has etch selectivity with respect to its underlying and overlying layers. The dielectric hard mask layers are etched in turn selectively with respect to their underlying and overlying layers wherein each successive pattern size is smaller than the preceding pattern size. The MTJ stack is etched selectively with respect to the bottommost combination dielectric and metal hard mask pattern to form a MTJ device having a MTJ pattern size smaller than a bottommost pattern size.
October 14, 2019
February 6, 2020
Yi Yang, Yu-Jen Wang, Jesmin Haq, Tom Zhong
Abstract: A method for fabricating semiconductor device includes the steps of: providing a substrate having a first region and a second region; forming a first fin-shaped structure on the first region; removing part of the first fin-shaped structure to form a first trench; forming a dielectric layer in the first trench, wherein the dielectric layer comprises silicon oxycarbonitride (SiOCN); and planarizing the dielectric layer to form a first single diffusion break (SDB) structure.
Abstract: A method for forming an image sensor device structure is provided. The method includes forming a light-sensing region in a substrate, and forming an interconnect structure below a first surface of the substrate. The method also includes forming a trench in the light-sensing region from a second surface of the substrate, and forming a doping layer in the trench. The method includes forming an oxide layer in the trench and on the doping layer to form a doping region, and the doping region is inserted into the light-sensing region.
Abstract: An electronic device includes a ground element, a conductive assembly, a circuit board, an insulating element and a conductive element. The conductive assembly includes a base and a screw element. The base is disposed at the ground element and contacts the ground element. The screw element has a fixing portion and a clamping portion connected to the fixing portion. The outer diameter of the clamping portion is larger than the outer diameter of the fixing portion, and the fixing portion is fixed to the base. The circuit board is disposed between the base and the clamping portion of the screw element. The insulating element is disposed between part of the clamping portion and the circuit board. The conductive element is disposed at the circuit board and contacts the conductive assembly. The circuit board is electrically connected to the ground element through the conductive element and the conductive assembly.
July 12, 2018
Date of Patent:
January 7, 2020
Yu-Ti Kuo, Yen-Hsing Chu, Chien-Yi Lee, Ching-Jen Wang
Abstract: A MTJ stack is deposited on a bottom electrode. A metal hard mask is deposited on the MTJ stack and a dielectric mask is deposited on the metal hard mask. A photoresist pattern is formed on the dielectric mask, having a critical dimension of more than about 65 nm. The dielectric and metal hard masks are etched wherein the photoresist pattern is removed. The dielectric and metal hard masks are trimmed to reduce their critical dimension to 10-60 nm and to reduce sidewall surface roughness. The dielectric and metal hard masks and the MTJ stack are etched wherein the dielectric mask is removed and a MTJ device is formed having a small critical dimension of 10-60 nm, and having further reduced sidewall surface roughness.
Abstract: A magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) is disclosed wherein a free layer (FL) interfaces with a first metal oxide (Mox) layer and second metal oxide (tunnel barrier) to produce perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in the FL. In some embodiments, conductive metal channels made of a noble metal are formed in the Mox that is MgO to reduce parasitic resistance. In a second embodiment, a discontinuous MgO layer with a plurality of islands is formed as the Mox layer and a non-magnetic hard mask layer is deposited to fill spaces between adjacent islands and form shorting pathways through the Mox. In another embodiment, end portions between the sides of a center Mox portion and the MTJ sidewall are reduced to form shorting pathways by depositing a reducing metal layer on Mox sidewalls, or performing a reduction process with forming gas, H2, or a reducing species.
Abstract: A dual magnetic tunnel junction (DMTJ) is disclosed with a PL1/TB1/free layer/TB2/PL2 configuration wherein a first tunnel barrier (TB1) has a substantially lower resistance x area (RA1) product than RA2 for an overlying second tunnel barrier (TB2) to provide an acceptable magnetoresistive ratio (DRR). Moreover, first and second pinned layers, PL1 and PL2, respectively, have magnetizations that are aligned antiparallel to enable a lower critical switching current that when in a parallel alignment. The condition RA1<RA2 is achieved with one or more of a smaller thickness and a lower oxidation state for TB1 compared with TB2, with conductive (metal) pathways formed in a metal oxide or metal oxynitride matrix for TB1, or with a TB1 containing a dopant to create conducting states in the TB1 band gap. Alternatively, TB1 may be replaced with a metallic spacer to improve conductivity between PL1 and the FL.
Abstract: A method for fabricating a magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ) structure is described. A first dielectric layer is deposited on a bottom electrode and partially etched through to form a first via opening having straight sidewalls, then etched all the way through to the bottom electrode to form a second via opening having tapered sidewalls. A metal layer is deposited in the second via opening and planarized to the level of the first dielectric layer. The remaining first dielectric layer is removed leaving an electrode plug on the bottom electrode. MTJ stacks are deposited on the electrode plug and on the bottom electrode wherein the MTJ stacks are discontinuous. A second dielectric layer is deposited over the MTJ stacks and polished to expose a top surface of the MTJ stack on the electrode plug. A top electrode layer is deposited to complete the MTJ structure.
Abstract: A metal hard mask layer is deposited on a MTJ stack on a substrate. A hybrid hard mask is formed on the metal hard mask layer, comprising a plurality of spin-on carbon layers alternating with a plurality of spin-on silicon layers wherein a topmost layer of the hybrid hard mask is a silicon layer. A photo resist pattern is formed on the hybrid hard mask. First, the topmost silicon layer of the hybrid hard mask is etched where is it not covered by the photo resist pattern using a first etching chemistry. Second, the hybrid hard mask is etched where it is not covered by the photo resist pattern wherein the photoresist pattern is etched away using a second etch chemistry. Thereafter, the metal hard mask and MTJ stack are etched where they are not covered by the hybrid hard mask to form a MTJ device and overlying top electrode.
Abstract: A process flow for forming magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) nanopillars with minimal sidewall residue and minimal sidewall damage is disclosed wherein a pattern is first formed in a hard mask that is an uppermost MTJ layer. Thereafter, the hard mask sidewall is etch transferred through the remaining MTJ layers including a reference layer, free layer, and tunnel barrier between the free layer and reference layer. The etch transfer may be completed in a single RIE step that features a physical component involving inert gas ions or plasma, and a chemical component comprised of ions or plasma generated from one or more of methanol, ethanol, ammonia, and CO. In other embodiments, a chemical treatment with one of the aforementioned chemicals, and a volatilization at 50° C. to 450° C. may follow an etch transfer through the MTJ stack with an ion beam etch or plasma etch involving inert gas ions.
Abstract: A via connection is provided through a dielectric layer to a bottom electrode. A MTJ stack is deposited on the dielectric layer and via connection. A top electrode is deposited on the MTJ stack. A selective hard mask and then a dielectric hard mask are deposited on the top electrode. The dielectric and selective hard masks are patterned and etched. The dielectric and selective hard masks and the top electrode are etched wherein the dielectric hard mask is removed. The top electrode is trimmed using IBE at an angle of 70 to 90 degrees. The selective hard mask, top electrode, and MTJ stack are etched to form a MTJ device wherein over etching into the dielectric layer surrounding the via connection is performed and re-deposition material is formed on sidewalls of the dielectric layer underlying the MTJ device and not on sidewalls of a barrier layer of the MTJ device.
Abstract: A MTJ stack is deposited on a bottom electrode. A top electrode layer and hard mask are deposited on the MTJ stack. The top electrode layer not covered by the hard mask is etched. Thereafter, a first spacer layer is deposited over the patterned top electrode layer and the hard mask. The first spacer layer is etched away on horizontal surfaces leaving first spacers on sidewalls of the patterned top electrode layer. The free layer not covered by the hard mask and first spacers is etched. Thereafter, the steps of depositing a subsequent spacer layer over patterned previous layers, etching away the subsequent spacer layer on horizontal surfaces leaving subsequent spacers on sidewalls of the patterned previous layers, and thereafter etching a next layer not covered by the hard mask and subsequent spacers are repeated until all layers of the MTJ stack have been etched to complete the MTJ structure.