Electrostatic Field Or Electrical Discharge Patents (Class 204/164)
  • Patent number: 10822236
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for producing CNTs by an electric arc discharge method. The synthesis gas for the arc discharge includes nitrogen and oxygen gases. The oxygen gas in the synthesis gas is converted to reactive oxygen species by the arc discharge and chemically reacts with amorphous carbon. Accordingly, the formation of amorphous carbon is suppressed when CNTs are formed on the cathode, and thus, high crystallinity of CNTs can be secured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERATION GROUP OF SEJONG UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Nae Sung Lee, Tae Hun Shin
  • Patent number: 10811187
    Abstract: A method for fabricating a thermal composite includes pouring a mixture including a plurality of magnetically susceptible particles and a thermosetting polymer into a mold, placing the mold containing the mixture in a chamber including a plurality of magnet arrays, and heating the mold containing the mixture in the chamber for a time and at a temperature sufficient to cure the thermosetting polymer. At least one of the plurality of magnet arrays includes a Halbach array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Ercan M. Dede
  • Patent number: 10784084
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention describe the formation of a current source, a light source, and an ozone generator by using a coated double dielectric barrier discharge system (CDDBD). A system for generating charge may include a CDDBD having at least two electrodes that are separated by a gap filled with a gas medium, wherein each of the at least two electrodes are covered with an insulator that prevents charges in the at least two electrodes from passing through the gas medium, and wherein surfaces of each of the at least two insulators are coated with a material having a secondary electron emission coefficient higher than a material of the insulator. Furthermore, the system for generating the charge may also include a power supply coupled with the CDDBD device that supplies energy to the CDDBD device to form an initial electric field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Inventor: Seongsik Chang
  • Patent number: 10752507
    Abstract: Synthesis of silanes with more than three silicon atoms are disclosed (i.e., (SinH(2n+2) with n=4-100). More particularly, the disclosed synthesis methods tune and optimize the isomer ratio by selection of process parameters such as temperature, residence time, and the relative amount of starting compounds, as well as selection of proper catalyst. The disclosed synthesis methods allow facile preparation of silanes containing more than three silicon atoms and particularly, the silanes containing preferably one major isomer. The pure isomers and isomer enriched mixtures are prepared by catalytic transformation of silane (SiH4), disilane (Si2H6), trisilane (Si3H8), and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignees: L'Air Liquide, Société Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procédés Georges Claude, American Air Liquide, Inc.
    Inventors: Grigory Nikiforov, Guillaume Husson, Gennadiy Itov, Yang Wang
  • Patent number: 10738768
    Abstract: A satellite thruster increases satellite efficiency. The Linear Actuated ?CAT has a stepper motor to move the ablative electrode forward. A LabVIEW program and Arduino microcontroller are used to analyze the Linear Actuated ?CAT to determine how many steps are required for re-ignition, arc current, and the validity of the feed system. Results from testing show that micro-stepping the stepper motor is an effective way to replenish the cannibalized electrode for propellant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: The George Washington University
    Inventors: Michael Keidar, George Teel, Samantha A. Hurley
  • Patent number: 10730031
    Abstract: A fluid treatment apparatus is described for the treatment of a fluid substance having multiple component substances to control levels of one or more particular component substances. The apparatus has a reactor chamber; a fluid inlet adapted to provide fluid communication from an external supply of a fluid substance to be treated to said reactor chamber whereby said fluid substance may pass into and through said reactor chamber; a fluid outlet adapted to provide a fluid communication from said reactor chamber whereby said fluid substance may pass from said reactor chamber; at least one first electromagnetic radiation (EMR) waveguide, having at least one first waveguide input port operably coupled within said reactor chamber and adapted to couple electromagnetic radiation of a predetermined first wavelength to a fluid substance passing through said reactor chamber. A method for the treatment of a fluid substance is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: ARCS ENERGY LIMITED
    Inventor: Anthony Archer
  • Patent number: 10729798
    Abstract: This present invention generally relates to a process for manipulating the chemistry of a product using high voltage atmospheric cold plasma (HVACP) in the presence of a working gas, and in particular to a process for inactivating pathogenic microorganisms in a liquid product by adding an acidic component to or adjusting an acidic component of a product in combination with HVACP treatment. A product of this process is also in the scope of this disclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: Purdue Research Foundation
    Inventors: Kevin Michael Keener, Nikhil K Mahnot
  • Patent number: 10696571
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a capacitive deionization system which makes use of a controller, a first capacitor acting as a first electrode, a second capacitor acting as a second electrode, and a first inductor for storing energy received from the first capacitor, and transferring the stored energy to the second capacitor. A first plurality of electronic switches are controlled by the controller to control communication between the first inductor and the first capacitor, and between the first inductor and the second capacitor. An additional energy transfer subsystem is included which has a second inductor for receiving energy from the first capacitor while the first inductor is transferring stored energy to the second capacitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Michael Stadermann, Steven L. Hunter
  • Patent number: 10680484
    Abstract: A method of protecting ferromagnetic lamination stacks of a component of an electric machine, comprises the following steps: creating a component module by arranging a laminations stack of ferromagnetic sheets into a housing, (b) protecting locations of the component module where coating is unwanted, (c) inserting the component module into a hermetic chamber receiving an ionized gas, (d) polarizing the component module to submit a fixed electric potential to the component module, (e) depositing a thin layer of protective coating on the laminations stack of ferromagnetic sheets through a method of Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) at a temperature lower than 150° C., (f) monitoring the deposition homogeneity and deposition thickness of the thin layer of protective coating until desired thickness, and (g) rectifying the surface of the thin layer of protective coating to have a uniform protective layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: SKF MAGNETIC MECHATRONICS
    Inventors: Yvon Baucé, Eduardo Carrasco, Erwan Salahun
  • Patent number: 10632219
    Abstract: The invention relates to a sterilizers and methods of sterilization of an instrument. The sterilizer includes an ozone generator, an air mover, an oxygen concentrator, and a controller. The ozone generator, which is housed by the sterilization chamber, generates at least one plasma field. The air mover circulates air through the sterilization chamber. The oxygen concentrator delivers oxygen-concentrated air to the sterilization chamber. The controller communicates with the ozone generator, the air mover, and the oxygen concentrator. The sterilizer may also include a battery to power the components of the sterilizer. A portable case may house the sterilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: Medaco International Health, LLC
    Inventors: Rex Blakeman, Travis W. Pearse, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10638544
    Abstract: A heating method, a heating apparatus, and a method of manufacturing a press-molded article using the heating method are provided. A pair of electrodes is arranged on a workpiece along a first direction. Each electrode has a length extending across a first heating area of the workpiece in the first direction. At least one of the electrodes is moved in the first heating area and along a second direction intersecting the first direction at a constant speed while applying electric current between the pair of electrodes to heat the first heating area by direct resistance heating. The electric current applied between the pair of electrodes is adjusted such that a heating temperature is adjusted for each segment into which the first heating area is divided so as to be side by side in the second direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: NETUREN CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hironori Ooyama, Fumiaki Ikuta
  • Patent number: 10629413
    Abstract: Systems and methods for adjusting power and frequency based on three or more states are described. One of the methods includes receiving a pulsed signal having multiple states. The pulsed signal is received by multiple radio frequency (RF) generators. When the pulsed signal having a first state is received, an RF signal having a pre-set power level is generated by a first RF generator and an RF signal having a pre-set power level is generated by a second RF generator. Moreover, when the pulsed signal having a second state is received, RF signals having pre-set power levels are generated by the first and second RF generators. Furthermore, when the pulsed signal having a third state is received, RF signals having pre-set power levels are generated by the first and second RF generators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: John C. Valcore, Jr., Bradford J. Lyndaker
  • Patent number: 10610849
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a device for generating cold plasma to be used in the process chemical industry, in particular for producing chemical substances, above all acids such as for example nitric acid and sulphuric acid. The invention also relates to reactors and plants involving said cold plasma generator device and to corresponding chemical processes based thereupon. The device and the associated method of the present invention allow producing with high efficiency several chemical substances, in particular acids. The invention also keeps the several advantages of using the cold plasma technology, in particular the one of not requiring catalysts and/or high reaction temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Amlika Mercantile Private Limited
    Inventor: Aldo Mango
  • Patent number: 10559481
    Abstract: Provided are a plasma processing apparatus with a radio-frequency power supply supplying temporally modulated intermittent radio-frequency power which can be controlled with high precision in a wide repetition frequency band, and a plasma processing method using the plasma processing apparatus. A plasma processing apparatus includes: a vacuum vessel; a plasma generating section plasma in the vacuum vessel; a stage installed in the vacuum vessel and mounted with a sample; and a radio-frequency power supply applying temporally modulated intermittent radio-frequency power to the stage, wherein the radio-frequency power supply has two or more different frequency bands and temporally modulates the radio-frequency power by a repetition frequency which has the same range of analog signals used in each of the frequency band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: HITACHI HIGH-TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Michikazu Morimoto, Yasuo Ohgoshi, Yuuzou Oohirabaru, Tetsuo Ono
  • Patent number: 10549302
    Abstract: An operating method of a processing liquid supply apparatus which supplies a processing liquid to a substrate from a processing liquid supply path via a nozzle includes measuring a surface potential of a first electrode which is configured to be in contact with the processing liquid of the processing liquid supply path. The operating method further includes displaying the measured surface potential in the measuring of the surface potential of the first electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Assignee: TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED
    Inventor: Hitoshi Hashima
  • Patent number: 10543457
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and apparatus are contemplated in which a tube cell that produces a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) is individually configured to minimize the mixing of unwanted byproducts of the generated plasma with an exhaust air stream. The tube cell generates a DBD within a tube cell, such that oxidants or radicals are generated in an environment substantially separated from the exhaust stream. The generated oxidants are directed to intersect with the exhaust stream to minimize the generation of unwanted byproducts. The tube cells are further shaped and arranged in tube cell arrays to alter the flow dynamics of the exhaust stream and the oxidant or radical streams, including mixing of the streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Assignee: ThrivalTech, LLC
    Inventor: Garrett Hill
  • Patent number: 10524341
    Abstract: An electrostatic dissipation device 10 can comprise an elongated enclosure 11 with a longitudinal axis 12. An x-ray source 13 can be oriented to emit x-rays 16 inside of and along the longitudinal axis 12. A fluid-flow device 14 can be oriented to cause fluid to flow across the x-ray source 13 then inside of and along the longitudinal axis 12, the fluid being ionized by the x-rays 16, forming ionized fluid, then out of the elongated enclosure through outlet opening(s) 15. The arrangement of the x-ray source 13 and the fluid-flow device 14 can allow (1) fluid from the fluid-flow device 14 to cool the x-ray source 13, and (2) ion generation along the length of the elongated enclosure 11.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: Moxtek, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric Miller, Steven West Wilson
  • Patent number: 10507608
    Abstract: The invention concerns polyamide moulding compound, in particular for producing heat-resistant moulded parts, having the following composition: (A) 20 to 79 wt. % of at least one partially aromatic polyamide in the form of a copolyamide which comprises 50 to 80 mol. % units formed by hexanediamine and terephthalic acid; (B) 1 to 15 wt. % of at least one impact-resistant modifier; (C) 20 to 60 wt. % of at least one carbon fibre; and (D) 0 to 5 wt. % of at least one additive, components (A) to (D) adding up to 100 wt. %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: EMS-PATENT AG
    Inventors: Nikolai Lamberts, Bernd Henkelmann, Philipp Harder
  • Patent number: 10504701
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus and method of processing substrate, wherein the apparatus comprises a process chamber; a substrate supporter for supporting at least one of substrates, wherein the substrate supporter is provided in the process chamber, and is rotated at a predetermined direction; a chamber lid confronting with the substrate supporter, the chamber lid for covering the process chamber; and a gas distributor having a plurality of gas distribution modules for distributing gas to the substrate, wherein the plurality of gas distribution modules are connected to the chamber lid, wherein each of the gas distribution modules includes a power source electrode and a ground electrode confronting each other, a plasma discharge space is formed between the power source electrode and the ground electrode, and the plasma discharge space is not overlapped with a thin film formation region of the substrate supported by the substrate supporter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: JUSUNG ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jeung Hoon Han, Chul Joo Hwang, Seung Hoon Seo, Sang Don Lee
  • Patent number: 10494719
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to microwave cavity plasma reactor (MCPR) apparatus and associated tuning and process control methods that enable the microwave plasma assisted chemical vapor deposition (MPACVD) of a component such as diamond. Related methods enable the control of the microwave discharge position, size and shape, and enable efficient matching of the incident microwave power into the reactor prior to and during component deposition. Pre-deposition tuning processes provide a well matched reactor exhibiting a high plasma reactor coupling efficiency over a wide range of operating conditions, thus allowing operational input parameters to be modified during deposition while simultaneously maintaining the reactor in a well-matched state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Jes Asmussen, Jing Lu, Yajun Gu, Shreya Nad
  • Patent number: 10471647
    Abstract: This invention concerns a process for producing a printable film comprising: providing a web of film; at a first location subjecting at least a first surface of the film web to a modified atmosphere dielectric barrier discharge (MADBD) treatment; winding the film web onto a reel; transporting the wound film web to a second location; unwinding the film web from the reel; and subjecting the first surface of the film to corona treatment. The invention also concerns printed films obtainable by the process of the invention, and articles of packaging and/or labeling made from such films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: INNOVIA FILMS LIMITED
    Inventors: Simon James Read, David Carruthers
  • Patent number: 10441608
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to novel methods and novel devices for the continuous manufacture of nanoparticles, microparticles and nanoparticle/liquid solution(s). The nanoparticles (and/or micron-sized particles) comprise a variety of possible compositions, sizes and shapes. The particles (e.g., nanoparticles) are caused to be present (e.g., created and/or the liquid is predisposed to their presence (e.g., conditioned)) in a liquid (e.g., water) by, for example, preferably utilizing at least one adjustable plasma (e.g., created by at least one AC and/or DC power source), which plasma communicates with at least a portion of a surface of the liquid. At least one subsequent and/or substantially simultaneous adjustable electrochemical processing technique is also preferred. Multiple adjustable plasmas and/or adjustable electrochemical processing techniques are preferred.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: Clene Nanomedicine, Inc.
    Inventors: David Kyle Pierce, Mark G. Mortenson, David A. Bryce
  • Patent number: 10443117
    Abstract: A plasma nitriding apparatus includes: a surface treatment unit which includes a treatment tank to house part of a treatment object inclusive of a surface treatment region, and performs a nitriding treatment on the surface treatment region inside of the treatment tank by using plasma of a treatment gas; and an outer container which receives supply of the treatment gas, and houses the treatment object and the treatment tank so that a region of the treatment object other than the part is exposed from the treatment tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: IHI Corporation
    Inventors: Norimitsu Kameya, Kenji Fuchigami
  • Patent number: 10428455
    Abstract: A method of treating a substrate, comprising providing a substrate having a generally sheet or planar form or a fiber or yarn form; providing a colorant to be set at the surface of the substrate; and subjecting the substrate and colorant to reactive species from a plasma generated by an atmospheric plasma apparatus until the colorant is set at the surface of the substrate. A method of setting a colorant on a substrate, comprising performing an etch operation, or plasma pre-treatment to change surface charge, on a substrate using a plasma, particularly a plasma generated at atmospheric conditions, to create a desired surface texture, or surface charge, at the surface of substrate; and depositing a colorant on the surface under plasma or non-plasma conditions; and allowing the colorant to set at the surface of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: The North Face Apparel Corp.
    Inventors: Justin Lee Gladish, Mary-Ellen Smith, Graham C. Page
  • Patent number: 10388984
    Abstract: A method for producing a graphite powder for a negative electrode of a lithium ion secondary battery, including a process of graphitizing a mixture of a carbon raw material powder and a silicon carbide powder, wherein a 90% particle diameter in a volume-based cumulative particle size distribution by laser diffraction method, D90, is 1 to 40 ?m, a silicon carbide content in a total mass of a carbon raw material and silicon carbide (mass of silicon carbide/total mass of the carbon raw material and silicon carbide) is 1 to 35 mass %, the ratio of a 50% particle diameter in a volume-based cumulative particle size distribution by laser diffraction method, D50, of the carbon raw material powder to D50 of silicon carbide powder (D50 of the carbon raw material powder/D50 of silicon carbide powder) is 0.40 to 4.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: SHOWA DENKO K.K
    Inventors: Yasuaki Wakizaka, Yoshikuni Sato, Daisuke Miyamoto
  • Patent number: 10342112
    Abstract: A linear flexible plasma generator having a function of cooling and temperature control. More efficient power control is possible, since a temperature of an electrode itself can be controlled in a state when plasma is discharged. In addition, since a temperature of the electrode surface can be decreased, use for the purposes of sterilization, neutralization, treatment, beauty treatment, and so on is possible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: AGENCY FOR DEFENSE DEVELOPMENT
    Inventor: Hee-Soo Jung
  • Patent number: 10294383
    Abstract: The invention provides articles and methods for making such articles including a substrate coated on at least one region thereof with a layer of nanocomposites nano-cellulose materials and nanoparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: Yissum Research Development Company of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Ltd.
    Inventors: Oded Shoseyov, Yossef Paltiel, Shira Yochelis, Sigal Baruch-Sharon, Yuval Nevo
  • Patent number: 10273349
    Abstract: Fibers for fiber-reinforced resin of the present invention are fibers for fiber-reinforced resin to which a sizing agent is adhered. The fibers are at least one selected from carbon fibers and glass fibers, and an ester bond (—COO—) generated by denaturation of the sizing agent is present on surfaces of the fibers. A method for producing the same according to the present invention includes: subjecting fibers to which a sizing agent is adhered to at least one treatment selected from the group consisting of ozone oxidation, ultraviolet irradiation at a wavelength of 400 nm or less, and a plasma treatment. The fibers are at least one selected from carbon fibers and glass fibers. Thus, it is possible to provide carbon fibers having enhanced wettability to a matrix resin and thereby allowing the matrix resin to be impregnated between the fibers easily.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: KURASHIKI BOSEKI KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Masamichi Ito, Tadaharu Tanaka, Wataru Horimoto
  • Patent number: 10266940
    Abstract: In some embodiments a method of depositing a metal-containing layer atop a substrate disposed in a physical vapor deposition (PVD) chamber includes: providing a plasma forming gas to a processing region of the PVD chamber; providing a first amount of RF power to a target assembly disposed opposite the substrate to form a plasma within the processing region of the PVD chamber; sputtering source material from the target assembly to deposit a metal-containing layer onto the substrate, wherein the source material is at a first erosion state; and tuning an auto capacitance tuner coupled to a substrate support while sputtering source material to maintain an ion energy at a surface of the substrate within a predetermined range as the target erodes from the first erosion state to a second erosion state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventors: Zhenbin Ge, Vivek Gupta, Adolph Miller Allen, Ryan Hanson
  • Patent number: 10269545
    Abstract: Methods for operating a plasma processing chamber are provided. One example method includes processing a substrate in the plasma processing chamber under vacuum. The processing of said substrate produces particulate residues that adhere to surfaces within an internal region of the plasma processing chamber. The method includes characterizing performance of the processing of the substrate and inspecting an internal region of the plasma processing chamber after processing said substrate without breaking said vacuum. The inspecting is configured to identify characteristics of said particulate residues on one or more surfaces of the internal region of the plasma processing chamber. The inspecting includes capturing optical data of said one or more surfaces. The method further includes generating a tool model to correlate the characterized performance of the processing of the substrate to the characterized particulate residues.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventor: Richard Alan Gottscho
  • Patent number: 10260145
    Abstract: A film formation apparatus includes a chamber that is a sealed container in which a target formed of a film formation material is placed, and into which the workpiece is carried, a gas discharging unit discharging a gas in the sealed container for a predetermined time period after the workpiece is carried into the chamber to obtain a base pressure, and a sputter gas introducing unit introducing a sputter gas containing oxygen to the interior of the chamber having undergone the discharging and becoming the base pressure. The sputter gas introducing unit decreases an oxygen partial pressure in the sputter gas to be introduced in the chamber in accordance with an increase in the base pressure due to an increase of the film formation material sticking to the interior of the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: Shibaura Mechatronics Corporation
    Inventor: Daisuke Ono
  • Patent number: 10211032
    Abstract: A microwave plasma source radiating a microwave in a chamber of a plasma processing apparatus to generate surface wave plasma includes a microwave output unit configured to generate and output a microwave, a microwave supply unit configured to transmit the microwave output from the microwave output unit, and a microwave radiation member configured as a ceiling wall of the chamber and configured to radiate the microwave supplied from the microwave supply unit into the chamber. The microwave supply unit includes microwave introduction mechanisms provided along a circumferential direction, thereby introducing the microwave to the microwave radiation member. The microwave radiation member includes slot antennas having slots through which the microwave is radiated and a microwave transmission member. The slots are provided to form a circular shape as a whole. The microwave transmission member provided to form a circular ring shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED
    Inventors: Tomohito Komatsu, Taro Ikeda, Yutaka Fujino
  • Patent number: 10137427
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a nanoparticle preparation device using laser, and more particularly, the nanoparticle preparation device using the laser wherein the nanoparticles prepared by irradiating the laser beam to the source material gas within the reaction chamber are recovered without being oxidized by blocking the air or moisture within the glove box in which the nitrogen atmosphere is maintained, and thus the nanoparticles are efficiently collected without oxidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: SHONANO CO., LTD
    Inventor: Won Il Cho
  • Patent number: 10105673
    Abstract: A treatment liquid production device includes a first tank; a first plasma generating device that includes a first pair of electrodes and a first power supply, the first power supply applying a voltage between the first pair of electrodes, the first plasma generating device generating plasma in a liquid in the first tank; a second tank; a second plasma generating device that includes a second pair of electrodes and a second power supply, the second power supply applying a voltage between the second pair of electrodes, the second plasma generating device generating plasma in a liquid in the second tank; and a controller operative to produce a first treatment liquid having a high initial oxidizing power during a first period and a second treatment liquid having a high remaining oxidizing power during a second period which is longer than the first period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Katsumi Imada, Mariko Miyashita, Yoshiko Miyamoto
  • Patent number: 10101087
    Abstract: A method and process system of comprehensively utilizing high-temperature slag balls exiting a rotary kiln in a kiln process for producing phosphoric acid, comprising a rotary kiln, a cooling device and a dryer for composite green pellets in a kiln process for producing phosphoric acid, wherein the cooling device comprises at least two cooling stages; the high-temperature slag balls are first conveyed to the cooling device, then the cooling device carries slag balls successively to multiple cooling stages by the movement of a trolley, each cooling stage introduces cold air for cooling, a part of the hot air after cooling is sent to the cavity of the rotary kiln, and the other part thereof is sent to the dryer for composite green pellets in the kiln process for producing phosphoric acid for drying.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: SICHUAN KO CHANG TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yonghe Hou, Jiabin Wang, Shenghui Lei, Jing Li
  • Patent number: 10103123
    Abstract: Various embodiments provide a semiconductor device, including a final metal layer having a top side and at least one sidewall; and a passivation layer disposed over at least part of at least one of the top side and the at least one sidewall of the final metal layer; wherein the passivation layer has a substantially uniform thickness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Infineon Technologies AG
    Inventors: Michael Rogalli, Wolfgang Lehnert
  • Patent number: 10058895
    Abstract: A technique relates sorting entities. The entities are introduced into a nanopillar array. The entities include a first population and a second population, and the nanopillar array includes nanopillars arranged to have a gap separating one from another. The nanopillars are ordered to have an array angle relative to a fluid flow direction. The entities are sorted through the nanopillar array by transporting the first population of the entities less than a predetermined size in a first direction and by transporting the second population of the entities at least the predetermined size in a second direction different from the first direction. The nanopillar array is configured to employ the gap with a gap size less than 300 nanometers in order to sort the entities having a sub-100 nanometer size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yann A. Astier, Joshua T. Smith, Gustavo A. Stolovitzky, Chao Wang, Benjamin H. Wunsch
  • Patent number: 10052404
    Abstract: The invention provides a biocompatible component having a surface intended for contact with living tissue, wherein the surface comprises particles of metal oxide, said particles having an average particle size of less than 100 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Dentsply Sirona Inc.
    Inventors: Elisabet Ahlberg, Ingela Mattisson, Johanna Löberg
  • Patent number: 10046989
    Abstract: An electrochemical system and method are disclosed for On Site Generation (OSG) of oxidants, such as free available chlorine, mixed oxidants and persulfate. Operation at high current density, using at least a diamond anode, provides for higher current efficiency, extended lifetime operation, and improved cost efficiency. High current density operation, in either a single pass or recycle mode, provides for rapid generation of oxidants, with high current efficiency, which potentially allows for more compact systems. Beneficially, operation in reverse polarity for a short cleaning cycle manages scaling, provides for improved efficiency and electrode lifetime and allows for use of impure feedstocks without requiring water softeners. Systems have application for generation of chlorine or other oxidants, including mixed oxidants providing high disinfection rate per unit of oxidant, e.g. for water treatment to remove microorganisms or for degradation of organics in industrial waste water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Advanced Diamond Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ian Wakefield Wylie, Prabhu U. Arumugam, Hongjun Zeng, John Arthur Carlisle
  • Patent number: 10036990
    Abstract: An image forming system includes: an image forming unit that forms a toner image on a sheet; a post-processing unit that performs post-processing to the sheet; a conveying unit that conveys the sheet from the image forming unit to the post-processing unit; a discharge member that is arranged between the image forming unit and the post-processing unit in a sheet conveying direction, and discharges static electricity from the sheet conveyed by the conveying unit; a voltage applying unit that applies to the discharge member a discharge voltage for discharging static electricity from the sheet; and a control unit that accelerates a conveying speed of the sheet when the discharge voltage is applied by the voltage applying unit, and controls the conveying unit to vary acceleration timing for accelerating the conveying speed of the sheet in accordance with a type of the post-processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventor: Yuki Adachi
  • Patent number: 10035192
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to novel methods and novel devices for the continuous manufacture of nanoparticles, microparticles and nanoparticle/liquid solution(s) (e.g., colloids). The nanoparticles (and/or micron-sized particles) comprise a variety of possible compositions, sizes and shapes. The particles (e.g., nanoparticles) are caused to be present (e.g., created and/or the liquid is predisposed to their presence (e.g., conditioned)) in a liquid (e.g., water) by, for example, preferably utilizing at least one adjustable plasma (e.g., created by at least one AC and/or DC power source), which plasma communicates with at least a portion of a surface of the liquid. At least one subsequent and/or substantially simultaneous adjustable electrochemical processing technique is also preferred. Multiple adjustable plasmas and/or adjustable electrochemical processing techniques are preferred. Processing enhancers can be utilized alone or with a plasma. Semicontinuous and batch processes can also be utilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Clene Nanomedicine, Inc.
    Inventors: David Kyle Pierce, Mark Gordon Mortenson, David Andrew Bryce, Adam Robert Dorfman, Mikhail Merzliakov, Arthur Maxwell Grace
  • Patent number: 10037832
    Abstract: The separation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), by electronic type using centrifugation of compositions of SWNTs and surface active block copolymers in density gradient media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Northwestern University
    Inventors: Mark C. Hersam, Alexander L. Antaris, Alexander A. Green
  • Patent number: 10023470
    Abstract: A controlled preparation of octachlorotrisilane and higher polychlorosilane such as DCTS and DCPS from monomeric chlorosilane, proceeds by exposing the chlorosilane to a nonthermal plasma and recycling chlorosilane that has not been converted to octachlorotrisilane into the plasma.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: EVONIK DEGUSSA GMBH
    Inventors: Imad Moussallem, Juergen Erwin Lang, Hartwig Rauleder, Martin Trocha, Nicole Brausch
  • Patent number: 10000709
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon resource processing device may include a radio frequency (RF) source and an RF applicator coupled to the RF source. The RF applicator may include a base member being electrically conductive, and first and second elongate members being electrically conductive and having proximal ends coupled to the base member and extending outwardly therefrom in a generally parallel spaced apart relation. The first and second elongate members may have distal ends configured to receive the hydrocarbon resource therebetween. In another embodiment, the RF applicator may include an enclosure being electrically conductive and having a passageway therethrough to accommodate a flow of the hydrocarbon resource and a divider being electrically conductive and positioned within the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2018
    Assignee: HARRIS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Francis Eugene Parsche
  • Patent number: 9984860
    Abstract: An apparatus and methods to increase and direct the spatial volume of atmospheric pressure plasma jets. One or more additional gas flows is introduced to intersect the plasma jet. As the plasma jet interacts with these additional gas flows, the direction of propagation of the plasma jet is altered, the plasma expands into the volume defined by the additional gas flow, and the volume and effective surface area of the plasma jet increases accordingly, while the power increase needed to drive the increase in plasma volume scales sub-linearly with the increase in volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Scott G. Walton, David R. Boris, Tzvetelina Petrova, Eric D. Gillman
  • Patent number: 9975147
    Abstract: A technique relates sorting entities. The entities are introduced into a nanopillar array. The entities include a first population and a second population, and the nanopillar array includes nanopillars arranged to have a gap separating one from another. The nanopillars are ordered to have an array angle relative to a fluid flow direction. The entities are sorted through the nanopillar array by transporting the first population of the entities less than a predetermined size in a first direction and by transporting the second population of the entities at least the predetermined size in a second direction different from the first direction. The nanopillar array is configured to employ the gap with a gap size less than 300 nanometers in order to sort the entities having a sub-100 nanometer size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yann A. Astier, Joshua T. Smith, Gustavo A. Stolovitzky, Chao Wang, Benjamin H. Wunsch
  • Patent number: 9943871
    Abstract: An electrode rod 71 serving as a first electrode is provided to be in contact with a flow path member and a processing liquid of a processing liquid supply path 2. If the processing liquid is flown in the processing liquid supply path 2, static electricity is generated by friction so that the processing liquid and the flow path member is electrically charged. By allowing the electrode rod 71 to be closely contacted with the flow path member, the amount of electric charges corresponding to the sum of the charge amounts of the processing liquid and the flow path member is measured as a surface potential of the first electrode by a surface potential measuring unit 77. The measured surface potential is displayed on a display unit 201.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED
    Inventor: Hitoshi Hashima
  • Patent number: 9942986
    Abstract: Components may have substrates with metal traces that form mating contacts. The components may be bonded together using anisotropic conductive adhesive bonding techniques. During bonding, conductive particles may be concentrated over the contacts by application of magnetic or electric fields or by using a template transfer process. Gaps between the contacts may be at least partially free of conductive particles to help isolate adjacent contacts. Polymer between the substrates may attach the substrates together. The conductive particles may be embedded in the polymer and crushed or melted to short opposing contacts together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Koohee Han, Hui Chen, Kuo-Hua Sung, Cyrus Y. Liu, To C. Tan
  • Patent number: 9932258
    Abstract: An apparatus and process for making glass and glass gobs on demand. A sheet of molten glass is provided in a staging section. The sheet of molten glass is held within the staging section when there is no demand for glass articles. When there is a demand for production of glass articles, a portion of the sheet of molten glass is flowed into a gob forming section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: Owens-Brockway Glass Container Inc.
    Inventor: Terence J Clark
  • Patent number: RE47582
    Abstract: A free radical sterilization system having a chamber defining a region, and a generator for generating free radical reach effluent from a free radical electric generator and/or a vaporizer. A closed loop circulating system without a free-radical destroyer is provided for supplying the mixture of free radicals from the electric generator mixed with the hydrogen peroxide solution in the form of the effluent to the chamber. The free-radical sterilization system is used in sterilizing items in the chamber and, with an open-bottomed wound chamber, in treating wounds on a body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: STERIFRE MEDICAL, INC.
    Inventor: Czeslaw Golkowski