Electrostatic Field Or Electrical Discharge Patents (Class 204/164)
  • Patent number: 8632678
    Abstract: A filtration apparatus including an annular filter surrounding a waste treatment chamber, a first turbine drawing liquid up within the chamber and a second turbine driving liquid outwardly through the filter. In the method of treating organic waste, the chamber includes an ultraviolet lamp and a cylindrical baffle surrounding the chamber having a mirrored surface. The disclosed apparatus further includes anodic and cathodic plates surrounding the filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Inventor: E. Bayne Carew
  • Patent number: 8617477
    Abstract: An apparatus for removing sulfur from a hydrocarbon feed includes a cell having two compartments and a membrane separating the compartments, wherein one compartment is communicated with a hydrogen source and the other compartment is communicated with the hydrocarbon feed to be treated, wherein the membrane comprises a palladium membrane which is modified to have an additional amount of a mix of palladium and other metals (Ni, Ag, Co and Au) between about 4.62*10?3 and 1.62*10?2 g/cm2; and a power source connected across the hydrogen source compartment to generate a current across same, whereby atomic hydrogen is formed from the hydrogen source at a surface of the membrane and diffuses across the membrane to react with the hydrocarbon feed. A process using this apparatus is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Intevap, S.A.
    Inventors: Victor Báez, Luiz Felipe D'Elia, Gaudy Rodriguez, Yolimar Gandica
  • Patent number: 8617360
    Abstract: Methods and devices for the continuous manufacture of nanop?rticles, microparticles and nanoparticle/liquid solution(s) are disclosed. The nanoparticles (and/or micron-sized particles) comprise a variety of possible compositions, sizes and shapes. The particles (e.g., nanoparticles) are caused to be present (e. g., created) in a liquid (e.g., water) by utilizing at least one adjustable plasma (e.g., created by at least one AC and/or DC power source), which plasma communicates with at least a portion of a surface of the liquid. The continuous process causes at least one liquid to flow into, through and out of at least one trough member, such liquid being processed, conditioned and/or effected in said trough member(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: GR Intellectual Reserve, LLC
    Inventors: David K. Pierce, Mark G. Mortenson, David A. Bryce
  • Patent number: 8616239
    Abstract: There is disclosed apparatus and processes for increasing fluidity of a flowing fluid. The apparatus may have a number of treatment chambers adapted to receive and pass the flowing fluid. In each treatment chamber a field is applied to the fluid. The fields may be parallel to the fluid's direction of flow, and may alternate in sequence. The fluidity of the fluid is increased through exposure to the fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Save The World Air, Inc.
    Inventor: Douglas Bell
  • Publication number: 20130334030
    Abstract: The present invention has an object to achieve soft ionization more easily when a slight amount of substance is ionized under an atmosphere pressure. The present invention provides an ionization method for a substance contained in a liquid, including: supplying the liquid to a substrate from a probe and forming a liquid bridge made of the liquid containing the substance dissolved therein, between the probe and the substrate; oscillating the substrate; and generating an electric field between an electrically conductive portion of the probe in contact with the liquid and an ion extraction electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2013
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventors: Yoichi Otsuka, Ryuichi Arakawa
  • Patent number: 8591821
    Abstract: Combustion flame-plasma hybrid reactor systems, chemical reactant sources, and related methods are disclosed. In one embodiment, a combustion flame-plasma hybrid reactor system comprising a reaction chamber, a combustion torch positioned to direct a flame into the reaction chamber, and one or more reactant feed assemblies configured to electrically energize at least one electrically conductive solid reactant structure to form a plasma and feed each electrically conductive solid reactant structure into the plasma to form at least one product is disclosed. In an additional embodiment, a chemical reactant source for a combustion flame-plasma hybrid reactor comprising an elongated electrically conductive reactant structure consisting essentially of at least one chemical reactant is disclosed. In further embodiments, methods of forming a chemical reactant source and methods of chemically converting at least one reactant into at least one product are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC
    Inventor: Peter C. Kong
  • Patent number: 8580087
    Abstract: A method and system for treating emissions includes charging particles in an exhaust stream, producing one or more radicals, and oxidizing at least a portion of the charged particles with at least a portion of the produced radicals. At least a portion of the charged particles in the exhaust stream are then attracted on at least one attraction surface which is one of oppositely charged from the charged particles and grounded. The attracted particles are oxidized with another portion of the one or more produced radicals to self regenerate the at least one attraction surface. Downstream from where the attracted particles are oxidized, at least a portion of one or more first compounds in the exhaust stream are converted to one or more second compounds downstream from the attracting. Additionally, at least a portion of any remaining charged particles are oxidized into one or more gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Rochester Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Ali Ogut, Cheng Chen
  • Patent number: 8574505
    Abstract: A reactor and a plant containing the reactor for conducting a continuous, industrial process for preparing high-purity silicon tetrachloride or high-purity germanium tetrachloride is provided. The plant contains a plasma reactor having a dielectric, a high voltage electrode and an earthed, metallic heat exchanger, in which the longitudinal axes of the dielectric, of the high-voltage electrode and of the earthed, metallic heat exchanger are oriented parallel to one another and at the same time parallel to the force vector of gravity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Juergen Erwin Lang, Rainer Nicolai, Hartwig Rauleder
  • Patent number: 8574506
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method and an apparatus for processing an exhaust gas, which enable to suppress decrease of pH and increase of ORP of a mixture of an aqueous solution of a reducing agent and an aqueous alkali solution circulated within a wet reactor comprising a reduction reaction region and an oxidation reaction region. The method and apparatus enable to prevent deterioration of the mixed aqueous solution, and can be continuously operated for a long time. Specifically, the ORP and pH of the mixed aqueous solution of the aqueous solution of a reducing agent and the aqueous alkali solution to be circulated within the wet reactor are measured, and a fresh aqueous solution of a reducing agent and a fresh aqueous alkali solution are supplied, if necessary, into a reservoir unit arranged in the lower part of the wet reactor so that the ORP and pH of the mixed aqueous solution are kept within predetermined ranges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignees: Osaka Prefecture University Public Corporation, Japan Science and Technology Ageny
    Inventors: Tomoyuki Kuroki, Masaaki Okubo, Toshiaki Yamamoto, Hidekatsu Fujishima, Keiichi Otsuka
  • Patent number: 8574408
    Abstract: A method of and system for recirculating a fluid in a particle production system. A reactor produces a reactive particle-gas mixture. A quench chamber mixes a conditioning fluid with the reactive particle-gas mixture, producing a cooled particle-gas mixture that comprises a plurality of precursor material particles and an output fluid. A filter element filters the output fluid, producing a filtered output. A temperature control module controls the temperature of the filtered output, producing a temperature-controlled, filtered output. A content ratio control module modulates the content of the temperature-controlled, filtered output, thereby producing a content-controlled, temperature-controlled, filtered output. A channeling element supplies the content-controlled, temperature-controlled, filtered output to the quench chamber, wherein the content-controlled, filtered output is provided to the quench chamber as the conditioning fluid to be used in cooling the reactive particle-gas mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventor: Fredrick P. Layman
  • Patent number: 8574448
    Abstract: A plasma generation method in a toroidal plasma generator that includes a gas passage having a gas entrance and a gas outlet and forming a circuitous path and a coil wound around a part of the gas passage includes the steps of supplying a mixed gas of an Ar gas and an NF3 gas containing at least 5% of NF3 and igniting plasma by driving the coil with a high-frequency power, wherein the plasma ignition step is conducted under a total pressure of 6.65-66.5 Pa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Tokyo Electron Limited
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kannan, Noboru Tamura, Kazuya Dobashi
  • Publication number: 20130284588
    Abstract: Systems and methods for the treatment of a gas are provided. A method includes providing multiple discharge chambers defined by dielectric sections, where each of the discharge chambers comprises sets of electrodes for producing electric fields in the discharge chambers, where the dielectric sections and the sets of electrodes are arranged to define a volume that inhibits the formation of volume-streamers and the discharge chambers are configured to either prevent pulsed electric fields generated in adjacent discharge chambers from substantially interacting or to allow interaction in constructive way. The method also includes directing the gas into the discharge chambers and treating the gas using a corona discharge in the discharge chambers produced by a pulsed electric field generated by each of the sets of the first and second electrodes in the discharge chambers, where the pulsed electric field is configured to produce the corona discharge to have surface-streamers and volume-streamers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventor: Old Dominion University Research Foundation
  • Patent number: 8568663
    Abstract: The present invention provides a glow discharge cell comprising an electrically conductive cylindrical vessel having a first end and a second end, and at least one inlet and one outlet; a hollow electrode aligned with a longitudinal axis of the cylindrical vessel and extending at least from the first end to the second end of the cylindrical vessel, wherein the hollow electrode has an inlet and an outlet; a first insulator that seals the first end of the cylindrical vessel around the hollow electrode and maintains a substantially equidistant gap between the cylindrical vessel and the hollow electrode; a second insulator that seals the second end of the cylindrical vessel around the hollow electrode and maintains the substantially equidistant gap between the cylindrical vessel and the hollow electrode; a non-conductive granular material disposed within the gap, wherein the non-conductive granular material (a) allows an electrically conductive fluid to flow between the cylindrical vessel and the hollow electrode
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Foret Plasma Labs, LLC
    Inventor: Todd Foret
  • Patent number: 8563619
    Abstract: A method for processing a substrate in a plasma processing chamber is provided. The substrate is disposed above a chuck and surrounded by an edge ring. The edge ring is electrically isolated from the chuck. The method includes providing RF power to the chuck. The method also includes providing a tunable capacitance arrangement. The tunable capacitance arrangement is coupled to the edge ring to provide RF coupling to the edge ring, resulting in the edge ring having an edge ring potential. The method further includes generating a plasma within the plasma processing chamber to process the substrate. The substrate is processed while the tunable capacitance arrangement is configured to cause the edge ring potential to be dynamically tunable to a DC potential of the substrate while processing the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Rajinder Dhindsa, Alexei Marakhtanov
  • Publication number: 20130264190
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a silicon-based nanocomposite anode active material for the lithium secondary battery and the lithium secondary battery using same, comprising the following steps: a first step of mounting a silicon-based wire between two electrodes, which are placed in a methanol-based solvent atmosphere, and manufacturing a dispersion solution in which silicon-based nanoparticles are dispersed by means of high-voltage pulse discharging; and a second step of manufacturing a silicon-based nanocomposite body by compositing the silicon-based nanoparticles in the solution and a different type of material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2013
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Inventors: Yoon-cheol Ha, Chil-hoon Doh, Chu-hyun Cho
  • Patent number: 8551363
    Abstract: A method of producing a Group II-VI compound semiconductor. The method involves generating a pulsed electrical discharge plasma between metallic electrodes in sulfur to produce a Group II-VI compound semiconductor. A method of producing a Group II-VI compound semiconductor phosphor using a pulsed electrical discharge plasma. A hexagonal crystal of Group II-VI compound semiconductor composed of a plurality of twin crystals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignees: National University Corporation Kumamoto University, Kuraray Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsutomu Mashimo, Omurzak Uulu Emil, Makoto Okamoto, Hideharu Iwasaki
  • Patent number: 8551414
    Abstract: A plasma generating apparatus includes a linear electrode for generating a high voltage by resonance caused when the linear electrode is supplied with an AC signal current, an grounded electrode for defining an internal space spaced from the linear electrode around the linear electrode, and a control device for controlling the power feed to the linear electrode. The control device has a field probe for measuring the electric field in the internal space, and a bandpass filter for filtering the measurement signal into a predetermined frequency band to output an AC signal, a variable phase shifter for shifting the phase of the AC signal so that the AC signal is synchronized with the resonance signal in the internal space when the AC signal is supplied to the linear electrode as a current, and an amplifier for amplifying the AC signal of which the phase is shifted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Noriaki Kimura
  • Publication number: 20130259903
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel gold nanocrystals and nanocrystal shape distributions that have surfaces that are substantially free from organic impurities or films. Specifically, the surfaces are “clean” relative to the surfaces of gold nanoparticles made using chemical reduction processes that require organic reductants and/or surfactants to grow gold nanoparticles from gold ions in solution. The invention includes novel electrochemical manufacturing apparatuses and techniques for making the gold-based nanocrystals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2010
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Inventors: Mark Gordon Mortenson, D. Kyle Pierce, David A. Bryce, Adam R. Dorfman, Reed N. Wilcox, Anthony Lockett, Mikhail Merzliakov
  • Patent number: 8545764
    Abstract: A microplasma array for the production of low-temperature plasmas at or near atmospheric pressures is described. The walls of holes made in a substrate at regular intervals with respect to one another form hollow electrodes and are coated with metal. The hollow electrodes are supplied individually or as a group from one side of the substrate with an electrical excitation in the GHz-region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Forschungsverbund Berlin E.V.
    Inventor: Roland Gesche
  • Patent number: 8540942
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to novel methods and novel devices for the continuous manufacture of nanoparticles, microparticles and nanoparticle/liquid solution(s). The nanoparticles (and/or micron-sized particles) comprise a variety of possible compositions, sizes and shapes. The particles (e.g., nanoparticles) are caused to be present (e.g., created and/or the liquid is predisposed to their presence (e.g., conditioned)) in a liquid (e.g., water) by, for example, preferably utilizing at least one adjustable plasma (e.g., created by at least one AC and/or DC power source), which plasma communicates with at least a portion of a surface of the liquid. At least one subsequent and/or substantially simultaneous adjustable electrochemical processing technique is also preferred. Multiple adjustable plasmas and/or adjustable electrochemical processing techniques are preferred.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Inventors: David Kyle Pierce, Mark G. Mortenson, David A. Bryce
  • Patent number: 8542493
    Abstract: A flat display apparatus has a flat display panel; a frame that is installed on a rear face side of the display panel; a cover that covers at least a rear face side of the frame; and a high-voltage power supply that applies high voltage to the display panel. The high-voltage power supply has a plurality of cases, each of which encloses one or more transformers and rectifier circuits, and obtains high voltage by connecting the plurality of cases in series, and the plurality of cases are arranged in a space created between the frame and the cover so as to be disposed on a plane in parallel with a screen of the display panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Naoto Abe, Eisaku Tatsumi, Tatsuya Nakajima
  • Publication number: 20130233700
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to mass spectrometry and related techniques, and in some cases, to determining single species using mass spectrometry. In certain instances, polymers such as DNA or RNA can also be sequenced. Certain embodiments of the invention relate to passing a polymer, such as DNA, RNA, a protein, a polypeptide, a polysaccharide, etc., through a pore and cleaving the polymer in sequence. For instance, the polymer may be cleaved using a laser or an electric field. In some embodiments, a property of at least one subunit of a polymer is determined using mass spectrometry. In some embodiments, a single ion (which may be a subunit of a polymer, or an ion based on another species) can be isolated in a mass spectrometer and a signal generated from the single ion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Applicant: Brown University
    Inventor: Derek M. Stein
  • Patent number: 8529855
    Abstract: A method for removing gas components SOx, NOx, and CO2 from a flue gas, comprises the steps of contacting the flue gas successively with first, second and third liquid mediums each of which provides a plasma containing reactive electrons or ions in an amount such that the gas molecules SOx, NOx, and CO2 are successively subjected to impingement of the electrons or ions in the respective plasma to enable the dissociation of the gas molecules SOx, NOx, and CO2 so as to remove SOx, NOx, and CO2 from the flue gas. A system for removing gas components SOx, NOx, and CO2 from a flue gas is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Ecospec Global Technology Pte Ltd.
    Inventor: Hwee Hong Chew
  • Patent number: 8524080
    Abstract: An apparatus for removing cyanotoxins and excess ions from contaminated water. Contaminated water passes from a storage tank (200), through a sand filter (210), through a reaction chamber (230), and finally through a carbon filter (270). The sand filter removes particulates and some bacteria. Treatment of the water in the reaction chamber first destroys cyanotoxins, algae, and bacteria through the use of high voltage shocks applied between two groups of electrodes (285, 285?), then the voltage on the electrodes is lowered and electrolysis is used to sequester free ions in the water in the region near the electrodes. Partially treated water is removed from the upper portion of the reaction chamber and passed through a carbon filter (270) to remove radiation, and to improve taste and smell. After passage through the carbon filter, the water is potable. The water remaining in the reaction chamber is discarded into a reservoir (265).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Inventor: Allen John Schuh
  • Patent number: 8501106
    Abstract: A plasma generation system and related method for generating plasma in a cavity of a narrow tube, the system including: a first electrode including a conductive member covered with an insulator or dielectric, the first electrode being inserted into the cavity of the narrow tube to generate the plasma; a power supply to apply an alternating voltage or pulse voltage to the first electrode; and a second electrode located outside the narrow tube and connected to the power supply, the power supply applying the alternating voltage or pulse voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein the conductive member is made of a wire, a portion of the narrow tube is provided between the first electrode and the second electrode, and the second electrode is arranged and shaped so that a discharge is unevenly performed in a circumferential direction of the first electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Toyo Advanced Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takehiko Sato, Tatsuyuki Nakatani, Tatsuo Kimura
  • Publication number: 20130192979
    Abstract: An apparatus for plasmatizing solid-fuel combustion additive and the method for using the same are provided. The apparatus is made from a reaction vessel, electrodes, a power supply, a carrier gas intake device, a feed device and an outlet of the plasmatization reaction vessel. The method to use this apparatus is as following: The additive is added into the reaction vessel through the feed device in which the carrier gas passes and carries the additive into the electrode region for evaporation and (partially) plasmatization; and the plasmatized gas from the outlet of the reactor is introduced into any combustion chamber. The additive is an organometallic compound or a mixture of the organometallic compounds, or their derivative, eutectic compound or coordination agent containing at least one organometallic compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2011
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Inventors: Weili Xu, Heguang Zhu
  • Publication number: 20130177813
    Abstract: A negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery includes a SiOx (0.5?x?1.5) compound including crystalline Si, and a SiCy, (0.5?y?1.5) compound including crystalline carbon. The negative active material may be used in a rechargeable lithium battery to achieve high capacity and good cycle-life characteristics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2012
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Inventors: Jae-Myung Kim, Tae-Sik Kim, Kyu-Nam Joo, Deok-Hyun Kim
  • Publication number: 20130175478
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for modifying a strong acid/salt solution or strong base/salt solution, and to the resulting modified solution. The modifications of this invention stably increase the reactivity of the solution while maintaining the non-corrosive and dermal-friendly characteristics of the solution. In particular, the inventive composition does not injure or irritate skin, as might an unmodified strong acid or strong base, but retains sufficient strong acid or strong base qualities that it tends to weaken intermolecular bonds and break covalent bonds. By way of example, combining the inventive composition with a biocide agent may result in an effective anti-microbial, anti-bacterial, or anti-viral solution that is non-corrosive and dermal friendly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2012
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Applicant: NOBLE ION LLC
    Inventors: Burt R. Sookram, John W. Veenstra
  • Publication number: 20130153403
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process and an apparatus for generating hydrogen and synthetic carbon-free gas by plasma reforming -decomposing of Methane and other hydrocarbons for producing hydrogen and synthetic carbon-free gas through plasma discharge in hydrogen medium. The process involves applying an electrical potential between the electrodes while immersed in hydrogen medium. The plasma ionizes the medium, thereby generating hydrogen and synthetic gas by decomposing of hydrogen medium. The process further involves controlling the process by relocating the generated plasma between two or more further electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
  • Publication number: 20130153407
    Abstract: A method of preparing a sandwich composite coating on an engineering plastic surface is provided to enhance the functions and quality of a plastic coated metal product, lowers the production cost, saves water (without requiring any water in the whole manufacturing process). The method includes the steps of dry cleaning and activating a plastic blank, placing the activated plastic blank into a PVD furnace, forming a metal basal film on the activated plastic blank, performing a plasma activation of the plastic blank with the metal basal film, sputtering an organic coating, and forming a metal coated film layer on the plastic blank placed into PVD furnace to produce a metalized engineering plastic product which is applicable for sanitary ware, electronics, electric appliances and in the automobile industry.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Inventors: Zi-bao Wu, Min-Zen Lee
  • Publication number: 20130146441
    Abstract: A method for producing a gas mixture of hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions in which the hydrogen ions and the hydroxide ions are maintained an ionic state and exist independently. The method comprises a pre-processing step, a splitting step, and a positive charging step.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2012
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Inventors: Tao-Wei WU, Chih-Hsuan Wu
  • Patent number: 8454899
    Abstract: A gas reforming device including: a flow passage forming body flow passage through which process gas flows; a cathode provided on a cross section of the flow passage; an anode provided apart from the cathode, and including a bar-like portion; and a pulse power supply that applies a pulse voltage between the cathode and the anode. The cathode includes: an opening array body that has at least a surface thereof made of an insulator, and has a planar structure in which openings through which the process gas passes are arrayed; and a grounding electrode provided on a peripheral portion of the flow passage. A tip end of the bar-like portion of the anode is located in an inside of the flow passage of the process gas, and is spaced apart from the opening array body in a direction parallel to a direction where the process gas flows.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventors: Naohiro Shimizu, Yuuichirou Imanishi, Sozaburo Hotta
  • Patent number: 8454803
    Abstract: Biomass (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) is processed to produce useful products, such as fuels. For example, systems can use feedstock materials, such as cellulosic and/or lignocellulosic materials and/or starchy materials, to produce ethanol and/or butanol, e.g., by fermentation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Xyleco, Inc.
    Inventor: Marshall Medoff
  • Publication number: 20130126332
    Abstract: An apparatus for synergistically combining a plasma with a comminution means such as a fluid kinetic energy mill (jet mill), preferably in a single reactor and/or in a single process step is provided by the present invention. Within the apparatus of the invention potential energy is converted into kinetic energy and subsequently into angular momentum by means of wave energy, for comminuting, reacting and separation of feed materials. Methods of use of the apparatus in the practice of various processes are also provided by the present invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2013
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Applicant: Foret Plasma Labs, LLC
    Inventor: Foret Plasma Labs, LLC
  • Patent number: 8440154
    Abstract: A process has been developed to selectively dissociate target molecules into component products compositionally distinct from the target molecule, wherein the bonds of the target molecule do not reform because the components are no longer reactive with each other. Dissociation is affected by treating the target molecule with light at a frequency and intensity, alone or in combination with a catalyst in an amount effective to selectively break bonds within the target molecule. Dissociation does not result in re-association into the target molecule by the reverse process, and does not produce component products which have a change in oxidation number or state incorporated oxygen or other additives because the process does not proceed via a typical reduction-oxidation mechanism. Target molecules include ammonia for waste reclamation and treatment, PCB remediation, and targeted drug delivery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Fahs Stagemyer, LLc
    Inventors: Richard W. Fahs, II, Matthew D. W. Fahs
  • Publication number: 20130112544
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of modulating a release of biomolecules having heparin-binding affinity, and more specifically, to a method of modulating a release of biomolecules having heparin-binding affinity, using thiolated heparin adsorbed on metal surface. According to the present invention, it is possible to modulate various biomolecules having heparin-binding affinity such as growth factors spatiotemporally by external electrical stimulations, without causing cytotoxicity and having deteriorating effects on cell activity. Thus, the present invention can be applied for various biomedical and biotechnical fields including drug delivery, biosensor, and cell culture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2012
    Publication date: May 9, 2013
    Inventors: Giyoong TAE, Bo-young KIM, Kihak GWON, Young Ha KIM, Myung-Han YOON
  • Publication number: 20130104918
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of producing a filter for removing unwanted components in a fluid flow or a gas flow, as well as a filter obtainable by the method according to the invention. Furthermore, the present invention relates to the use of the filter according to the invention for removing unwanted components in a fluid flow or a gas flow. Moreover, the present invention relates to the use of the filter for the production of products containing filter materials, such as cigarettes, and the products per se.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Inventor: Creepservice Sarl
  • Patent number: 8430995
    Abstract: A dielectric barrier discharge plasma generator includes a dielectric chamber. The chamber contains or incorporates a solid surface that is to be treated with non-thermal plasma. The chamber can be substantially sealed and confine an atmosphere therein. An atmosphere control system is provided for controlling the atmosphere within the chamber. At least one or two electrodes are located outside of the chamber. When actuated by an appropriate source of plasma generating electrical power the electrodes cause the generation of a solid surface modifying non-thermal plasma in a plasma zone within the chamber. A transport system is provided for moving the electrode and the chamber relative to one another. A plasma zone is confined within the chamber adjacent to the electrodes, and remains substantially stationary relative to the electrodes. The chamber carries the solid surface through the plasma zone. The solid surface remains substantially stationary relative to the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: Tri-Star Technologies
    Inventor: Igor Murokh
  • Publication number: 20130098753
    Abstract: A plasma generator 1 includes a first electrode 12 provided in a gas storage section 5, and a second electrode 13 provided in such a manner that at least a portion coupled with the first electrode 12 comes into contact with a liquid 17 in a liquid storage section 4. Electrical discharge is caused between the first electrode 12 and the second electrode 13 so that plasma is produced in a gas region in the liquid 17 in the liquid storage section 4, and hydroxyl radical is produced from water contained in the liquid 17 and oxygen contained in the gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2011
    Publication date: April 25, 2013
    Inventor: Wataru Sanematsu
  • Publication number: 20130092525
    Abstract: The present invention provides a radiofrequency plasma apparatus for the production of nanoparticles and method for producing nanoparticles using the apparatus. The apparatus is designed to provide high throughput and makes the continuous production of bulk quantities of high-quality crystalline nanoparticles possible. The electrode assembly of the plasma apparatus includes an outer electrode and a central electrode arranged in a concentric relationship to define an annular flow channel between the electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2012
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Applicant: Innovalight, Inc.
    Inventor: Innovalight, Inc.
  • Patent number: 8409500
    Abstract: A bottle, a system and a method sterilize a liquid. The bottle has an interior to hold the liquid and an ultraviolet light emitting lamp that extends into the interior. A cord may be attached to the bottle so that pulling the cord may power the ultraviolet light emitting lamp and/or charge a battery used to power the ultraviolet light emitting lamp. The bottle may have a status light that indicates that the ultraviolet light emitting lamp may have an amount of power equal to or greater than a threshold value, such as, for example, an amount of power necessary for the ultraviolet light emitting lamp to operate for ninety seconds. The bottle may have a removable lid located opposite to the ultraviolet light emitting lamp.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Neverest Travel Solutions
    Inventor: Eric James
  • Patent number: 8409459
    Abstract: A chamber component configured to be coupled to a processing chamber is described. The chamber component comprises one or more adjustable gas passages through which a process gas is introduced to the process chamber. The adjustable gas passage may be configured to form a hollow cathode that creates a hollow cathode plasma in a hollow cathode region having one or more plasma surfaces in contact with the hollow cathode plasma. Therein, at least one of the one or more plasma surfaces is movable in order to vary the size of the hollow cathode region and adjust the properties of the hollow cathode plasma. Furthermore, one or more adjustable hollow cathodes may be utilized to adjust a plasma process for treating a substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Tokyo Electron Limited
    Inventors: Kazuki Denpoh, Peter L G Ventzek, Lin Xu, Lee Chen
  • Patent number: 8388814
    Abstract: In a method for treatment of a dispersed material in a plasma, in which a plasma-forming gas is introduced into a reaction chamber and ionized and a dispersed material is introduced into the reaction chamber and into the area of the plasma, treated under the action of the plasma, and subsequently removed from the area of the plasma, the introduction of the plasma-forming gas and the introduction of the dispersed material are performed independently of one another and from different directions. In an apparatus for treatment of a dispersed material in a plasma, which comprises a reaction chamber having a plasma generator, a first inlet for a plasma-forming gas, and a second inlet for the dispersed material, the second inlet is situated spatially separated in relation to the first inlet so that the dispersed material is conducted from the outside into the plasma.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: Maicom Quarz GmbH
    Inventors: Mikhail Guskov, Hermann Marsch
  • Publication number: 20130053760
    Abstract: A device and method for generating a physical plasma in hoses of long and simultaneously constricted lumen, flexible or rigid dielectric hoses, tubes or other hollow bodies in the low, normal or overpressure range, which are partially or completely filled or flushed by process medium of gas or gas mixtures, one or more liquids, liquids including gas bubbles, liquid-gas mixtures, aerosols and/or foam, for purposes of cleaning, activating, coating, modifying and biologically decontaminating, disinfecting, sterilizing the inner walls of the hoses or the process medium itself. The device includes a high voltage supply and a process medium supply, at least one electrically conductive grounded electrode and at least one electrically conductive high voltage electrode, both embedded in the wall of the hose.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicant: Leibniz-Institut Fuer Plasmaforschung und Technologie e.V.
    Inventors: Joerg Ehlbeck, Klaus-Dieter Weltmann, Manfred Stieber, Joern Winter, Kim Winterweber
  • Patent number: 8382858
    Abstract: Textured heterogeneous surfaces and related articles as can be used in conjunction with methods for selective sensing and/or separation. When used for selective particle separation such a system can comprise a heterogeneous surface comprising a surface member and a plurality of components extending therefrom, such components spaced about and having a surface density, with heterogeneity comprising different interactions of the surface member and of the extended components with a particle exposed thereto. Various surface heterogeneities and different interactions can be utilized. However, in certain embodiments, competing electrostatic interactions, or a combination of electrostatic and non-electrostatic interactions, with a particle can be utilized. Such a system can utilize a surface member having a charge difference with respect to the components extending therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: University of Massachusetts
    Inventors: Maria M. Santore, Jung Zhang, Vincent Rotello
  • Patent number: 8377280
    Abstract: The present device is a microchannel separator that uses a separation driving force created by an electric field. An ionic fluid flows through the microchannels and is subjected to an electric field by two spaced apart parallel electrodes possessing an electric charge. The ions in the ionic fluid are attracted towards the charged electrodes and thus are concentrated in the region of flow near the charged electrodes and depleted from the central region of flow between the charged electrodes. The charged electrodes are insulated from the ionic fluid by an impermeable barrier which prevents arcing and adherence of the ions to the charged electrodes. After a sufficient length of passage of the ionic fluid through a main channel two blocking plates separate the flow into a central and two outer output channels. The central channel draws a portion of the ionic fluid from the central region of the main channel that has fewer ions than the ionic fluid in the regions near the charged electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Vecenergy Aegir, LLC
    Inventor: Brendan Johnson
  • Patent number: 8377339
    Abstract: An apparatus and a method to form a thick coat by an in-liquid pulsed electric discharge treatment, the electrode contains 40 volume % or more metallic material that is not carbonized or is hard to be carbonized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignees: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akihiro Goto, Masao Akiyoshi, Hiroyuki Ochiai, Mitsutoshi Watanabe
  • Patent number: 8372345
    Abstract: An ozone generating apparatus includes a base container for holding water, and a head assembly connected to the upper edge of the base container, the head assembly containing a plurality of ozone generating cells each having a dielectric tube and an electrode assembly coaxially disposed within the associated dielectric tube. The dielectric tubes and electrode assemblies are disposed and connected such that the tube and/or electrode assembly of each ozone generating cell can be accessed independently of all other ozone generating cells, and such that the possibility of cascade failure of all remaining ozone generating cells upon failure of a single cell is substantially eliminated. The base container is provided with a process back flood prevention structure to protect the ozone generating cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Inventor: Wayne Wolf
  • Patent number: 8367008
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a method for purifying silicon by exposing liquid silicon to a plasma, wherein the silicon flows continuously into a channel so that the free surface thereof is exposed to the plasma. The disclosure also relates to a device for implementing the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Inventors: Christian Claude Cyprien Trassy, Yves Jean Noël Delannoy
  • Publication number: 20130023404
    Abstract: Catalyst mixtures include at least one Catalytically Active Element and, as a separate constituent, one Helper Catalyst. The catalysts can be used to increase the rate, modify the selectivity or lower the overpotential of chemical reactions. These catalysts are useful for a variety of chemical reactions including, in particular, the electrochemical conversion of CO2. Chemical processes employing these catalysts produce CO, OH?, HCO?, H2CO, (HCO2)?, H2CO2, CH3OH, CH4, C2H4, CH3CH2OH, CH3COO?, CH3COOH, C2H6, O2, H2, (COOH)2, or (COO?)2. Devices using the catalysts include, for example, a CO2 sensor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2012
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Inventor: Dioxide Materials, Inc.