Phosphorus, Boron Or Nitrogen Containing Catalyst Patents (Class 208/114)
  • Patent number: 10927314
    Abstract: An integrated process to convert crude oil into petrochemical products includes distilling crude oil to produce gases fraction, naphtha, kerosene, gasoil and resid; subjecting resid to resid upgrading to produce LPG, light-distillate and middle-distillate; subjecting at least a portion of one or more of the group consisting of middle-distillate produced by resid upgrading, kerosene and gasoil to middle-distillate hydrocracking to produce LPG, light-distillate and hydrowax; and subjecting at least a portion of one or more of the group consisting of light-distillate produced by resid upgrading, light-distillate produced by middle-distillate hydrocracking and hydrowax to steam cracking. A process installation for performing the process is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventors: Andrew Mark Ward, Arno Johannes Maria Oprins, Egidius Jacoba Maria Schaerlaeckens, Raul Velasco Pelaez
  • Patent number: 10799855
    Abstract: A catalytic additive comprising an intermediate pore zeolite, such as ZSM-5 is treated so as to improve propylene yields when the additive is included in a FCC catalytic inventory by first treating the zeolite with a phosphorus compound to incorporate the phosphorus in the zeolite, and mixing the P-treated zeolite with a matrix component comprising kaolin and another phosphorus-containing compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Xingtao Gao, David Hamilton Harris
  • Patent number: 10744200
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an improved process for production of Aluminium phosphate (AlPhos) gel wherein the solutions of aluminium salt and alkaline phosphate salt are added to water by maintaining the pH under stirring to obtain the precipitate, followed by sterilization of the said precipitate and finally obtaining the Aluminum phosphate gel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: BIOLOGICAL E LIMITED
    Inventors: Ravi Ganapathy, Nagireddy Gade, Manish Manohar, Vikram Madhusadan Paradkar, Mahima Datla
  • Patent number: 10676369
    Abstract: Provided is a production method by which an AEI zeolite is obtained without inducing a structural transformation in a crystalline aluminosilicate having a Y-structure and without using fluorine or phosphorus, the method including a crystallization step of crystallizing a composition containing an alumina source, a silica source, a structure directing aunt, a sodium source, and water, a weight proportion of crystalline aluminosilicate relative to a total weight of the alumina source and the silica source being from 0 wt. % to 10 wt. %, and the crystallization step satisfying at least one of the following conditions: a molar ratio of hydroxide ion to silica in the composition is 0.45 or greater, the composition contains a cation represented by (CH3)3RN+ (R represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbons, and the alkyl group may contain at least one substituent), and the crystallization time is 80 hours or longer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: TOSOH CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tomoya Ishikawa, Hidekazu Aoyama, Takayoshi Mishima
  • Patent number: 10619109
    Abstract: A process that catalytically converts olefinic (Alkenes, typically liquid at standard temperature and pressure) material in thermally cracked streams to meet olefin content specifications for crude oil transport pipelines. A thermally cracked stream or portion of a thermally cracked stream is selectively reacted to reduce the olefin content within a reactor operating at specific, controlled conditions in the presence of a catalyst and the absence of supplemental hydrogen. The process catalyst is comprised of a blend of select catalyzing metals supported on an alumina, silica or shape selective zeolite substrate together with appropriate pore acidic components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Inventors: Tom Corscadden, Darius Remesat, Frank David Guffey, Shunlan Liu, Greg Diduch
  • Patent number: 10577545
    Abstract: A process and catalyst is disclosed for converting heavy hydrocarbon feed into lighter hydrocarbon products using multifunctional catalysts. Multifunctional catalysts enable use of less expensive metal by substituting expensive metals for less expensive metals with no loss or superior performance in slurry hydrocracking. Less available and expensive ISM can be replaced effectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Phuong T. M. Do, Alakananda Bhattacharyya, Beckay J. Mezza, Stephen C. Houdek
  • Patent number: 10519078
    Abstract: Methods of producing propylene and/or ethylene. The methods can include contacting a mixture of C4+ compounds with a catalyst, such as a fixed bed catalyst, that includes a phosphorus treated zeolite. The mixture of C4+ compounds can include a plurality of C4 olefins, a plurality of C5 olefins, and/or a plurality of C6+ olefins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Assignee: Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventor: Linn Fang
  • Patent number: 10486109
    Abstract: A separation membrane structure comprises a porous support, a first separation membrane formed on the porous support, and a second separation membrane formed on the first separation membrane. The first separation membrane has an average pore diameter of greater than or equal to 0.32 nm and less than or equal to 0.44 nm. The second separation membrane includes addition of at least one of a metal cation or a metal complex that tends to adsorb nitrogen in comparison to methane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenichi Noda
  • Patent number: 10478783
    Abstract: A separation membrane structure comprises a porous support, and a separation membrane formed on the porous support. The separation membrane has an average pore diameter of greater than or equal to 0.32 nm and less than or equal to 0.44 nm. The separation membrane includes addition of at least one of a metal cation or a metal complex that tends to adsorb nitrogen in comparison to methane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenichi Noda
  • Patent number: 10258973
    Abstract: A catalyst washcoat is provided having a molecular sieve with a CHA crystal structure; about 0.5 to about 5.0 mol % phosphorus; and SiO2 and Al2O3 in a mole ratio of about 5 to about 40. The washcoat includes one or more promoters or stabilizers, and may be applied to a monolith substrate to produce a catalytically active article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: John L. Casci, Hai-Ying Chen, Joseph Michael Fedeyko, Jillian Elaine Collier, Raj Rao Rajaram, David Thompsett, Robert P. Hodgkins
  • Patent number: 10252249
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composition of attrition resistant attrition resistant catalyst particularly for FCC catalyst additives such as ZSM-5, bottom cracking additive/residue upgradation additive and GSR additive comprising aluminum phosphate binder wherein said binder comprising of 1.5 to 2.9 moles equivalent of monobasic acid for each mole of mono-aluminum phosphate (MAP). Further, the aluminum phosphate binder is added to the catalyst additive to ensure effective binding of catalyst as well as preserving catalyst activity with high selectivity towards light olefins including LPG.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: INDIAN OIL CORPORATION LIMITED
    Inventors: Mohan Prabhu Kuvettu, Mahesh Kadgaonkar, Biswanath Sarkar, Arumugam Velayutham Karthikeyani, Balaiah Swamy, Mani Karthikeyan, Jayaraj Christopher, Brijesh Kumar
  • Patent number: 10179741
    Abstract: A process for the post-treatment of a zeolitic material having a BEA framework structure, the process comprising (i) providing a zeolitic material having a BEA framework structure, wherein the framework structure of the zeolitic material comprises X2O3 and YO2, wherein Y is a tetravalent element and X is a trivalent element and wherein the molar ratio X2O3:YO2 is greater than 0.02:1; (ii) treating the zeolitic material provided in (i) with a liquid solvent system thereby obtaining a zeolitic material having a molar ratio X2O3:YO2 of at most 0.02:1, and at least partially separating the zeolitic material from the liquid solvent system; (iii) treating the zeolitic material obtained from (ii) with a liquid aqueous system having a pH in the range of 5.5 to 8 and a temperature of at least 75° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Andrei-Nicolae Parvulescu, Jeff Yang, Stefan Maurer, Manuela Gaab, Karsten Seidel, Olga Gerlach, Ulrich Mueller
  • Patent number: 10052610
    Abstract: Na+-SAPO-34 sorbents were ion-exchanged with several individual metal cations for CO2 absorption at different temperatures (273-348 K) and pressures (<1 atm). In general, the overall adsorption performance of the exchanged materials increased as follows: Ce3+<Ti3+<Mg2+<Ca2+<Ag+<Na+<Sr2+. The strontium exchanged materials excelled at low-pressure ranges, exhibiting very sharp isotherms slopes at all temperatures. The Sr2+ species were responsible for the surface strong interaction and the cations were occupying exposed sites (SII?) in the materials Chabazite cages. All the sorbent materials exhibited higher affinity for CO2 over the other gases tested (i.e., CH4, H2, N2 and O2) due to strong ion-quadrupole interactions. Sr2+-SAPO-34 sorbents are by far the best option for CO2 removal from CH4 mixtures, especially at low concentrations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: University of Puerto Rico
    Inventors: Arturo J Hernandez-Maldonado, Milton E Rivera-Ramos, Ana G Arevalo-Hidalgo
  • Patent number: 9840625
    Abstract: Anticorrosive coating compositions as disclosed comprise a binding polymer and an aluminum phosphate corrosion inhibiting pigment dispersed therein. The coating composition comprises up to 25 percent by weight aluminum phosphate. The binding polymer can include solvent-borne polymers, water-borne polymers, solventless polymers, and combinations thereof. The aluminum phosphate is made by sol gel process of combining an aluminum salt with phosphoric acid and a base material. Aluminum phosphate colloidal particles are nanometer sized, and aggregate to form substantially spherical particles. The coating composition provides a controlled delivery of phosphate anions of 100 to 1,500 ppm, depending on post-formation treatment of the aluminum phosphate, and has a total solubles content of less than 1500 ppm, The amorphous aluminum phosphate is free of alkali metals and alkaline earth metals, and has a water adsorption potential of up to about 25 percent by weight water when present in a cured film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2017
    Assignee: Bunge Amorphic Solutions LLC
    Inventor: Raymond E. Foscante
  • Patent number: 9744526
    Abstract: A SAPO-34 molecular sieve and method for preparing the same, whose chemical composition in the anhydrous state is expressed as: mSDA.(SixAlyPz)O2, wherein m is 0.08-0.3, x is 0.01-0.60, y is 0.2-0.60, z is 0.2-0.60, and x+y+z=1. The template agent SDA is in micropores of the molecular sieve. SDA is an organic amine with the structural formula (CH3)2NRN(CH3)2, wherein R is a saturated straight-chain or branched-chain alkylene group with having from 2-5 carbon atoms. There is a slight Si enrichment phenomenon on the crystal surface of the molecular sieve crystal, and the ratio of the surface Si content to the bulk Si content of the crystal ranges from 1.50-1.01. Said SAPO-34 molecular sieve, after being calcined at a temperature range from 400-700° C. in air, can be used as a gas adsorbent and catalyst for an acid-catalyzed reaction or oxygenate to olefin reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: DALIAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
    Inventors: Peng Tian, Zhongmin Liu, Dong Fan, Xiong Su, Ying Zhang, Yue Yang
  • Patent number: 9623364
    Abstract: Na+-SAPO-34 sorbents were ion-exchanged with several individual metal cations for CO2 absorption at different temperatures (273-348 K) and pressures (<1 atm). In general, the overall adsorption performance of the exchanged materials increased as follows: Ce3+<Ti3+<Mg2+<Ca2+<Ag+<Na+<Sr2+. The strontium exchanged materials excelled at low-pressure ranges, exhibiting very sharp isotherms slopes at all temperatures. The Sr2+ species were responsible for the surface strong interaction and the cations were occupying exposed sites (SII?) in the materials Chabazite cages. All the sorbent materials exhibited higher affinity for CO2 over the other gases tested (i.e., CH4, H2, N2 and O2) due to strong ion-quadrupole interactions. Sr2+-SAPO-34 sorbents are by far the best option for CO2 removal from CH4 mixtures, especially at low concentrations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: University of Puerto Rico
    Inventors: Arturo J Hernandez-Maldonado, Milton E Rivera-Ramos, Ana G Arevalo-Hidalgo
  • Patent number: 9579637
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a SAPO-34 molecular sieve having both micropores and mesopores and synthesis method thereof. The mesopore diameter in the molecular sieve is in a range of 2-10 nm and the mesopore volume thereof is 0.03-0.3 cm3/g. Triethylamine is used as a template agent and the pore size modifiers are added to the synthesis gel at the same time in the synthesis process, thereby the prepared molecular sieve crystals have mesopore distribution besides micropores. The SAPO-34 molecular sieve synthesized in the present invention can be used as catalysts for conversion of oxygen-containing compounds to lower olefins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    Inventors: Lei Xu, Peng Tian, Zhongmin Liu, Lixin Yang, Shuanghe Meng, Changqing He, Cuiyu Yuan, Yue Qi
  • Patent number: 9562203
    Abstract: The disclosure provides a gasification process for the production of a methane-rich syngas at temperatures exceeding 400° C. through the use of an alkali hydroxide MOH, using a gasification mixture comprised of at least 0.25 moles and less than 2 moles of water for each mole of carbon, and at least 0.15 moles and less than 2 moles of alkali hydroxide MOH for each mole of carbon. These relative amounts allow the production of a methane-rich syngas at temperatures exceeding 400° C. by enabling a series of reactions which generate H2 and CH4, and mitigate the reforming of methane. The process provides a methane-rich syngas comprised of roughly 20% (dry molar percentage) CH4 at temperatures above 400° C., and may effectively operate within an IGFC cycle at reactor temperatures between 400-900° C. and pressures in excess of 10 atmospheres.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: U.S. Department of Energy
    Inventors: Nicholas S. Siefert, Dushyant Shekhawat, David A. Berry, Wayne A. Surdoval
  • Patent number: 9534177
    Abstract: Process for the preparation of a catalyst comprising the steps of (a) preparing a slurry comprising clay, zeolite, and quasi-crystalline boehmite, provided that the slurry does not comprise peptized quasi-crystalline boehmite, (b) adding a monovalent acid to the slurry, (c) adding a silicon source to the slurry, and (d) shaping the slurry to form particles. This process leads to a catalyst with high accessibility and high attrition resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: Albemarle Netherlands, B.V.
    Inventor: Scott Michael Babitz
  • Patent number: 9492817
    Abstract: The physical and chemical properties of Faujasite Y-type zeolites (FAU), mainly used as a base material of catalyst used in the Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) process, are modified by contact with a short-chain polyol and mixture with an ammonium salt followed by thermal treatment to produce a modified Faujasite Y-type zeolite with sodium content as low as 75% below that of the starting Faujasite Y-type zeolite. The modified Faujasite Y-type zeolite is dispersed in a mesoporous material having an average pore size ranging from 2 to 100 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: INSTITUTO MEXICANO DEL PETROLEO
    Inventors: Héctor Armendáriz Herrera, María de Lourdes Alejandra Guzmán Castillo, Francisco Javier Hernández Beltrán, Patricia Pérez Romo, Jaime Sánchez Valente, José Marie Maurice Julien Fripiat
  • Patent number: 9067196
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) additive preparation process and composition, which has high efficiency in the production of light olefins C2, C3 and C4 hydrocarbons, specifically propylene. The present invention discloses the stabilization of medium pore zeolite specifically ZSM-5 using optimum phosphate salts at a pH in the range 7-9 with synergetic combination of silica rich binder to produce FCC additive having excellent stability under severe hydrothermal conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED
    Inventors: Gopal Ravichandran, Praveen Kumar Chinthala, Tejas Doshi, Arun Kumar, Amit Gohel, Sukumar Mandal, Asit Kumar Das, Srikanta Dinda, Amit Kumar Parekh
  • Patent number: 8911614
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline microporous metallophosphates designated AlPO-59 has been synthesized. These metallophosphates are represented by the empirical formula R+rMm2+EPxSiyOz where R is an organoammonium cation such as the ETMA+, M is a framework metal alkaline earth or transition metal of valence 2+, and E is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The AlPO-59 compositions are characterized by a new unique ABC-6 net structure and compositions and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes, and separation properties for separating at least one component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Lisa M. Knight, Paulina Jakubczak, Justin E. Stanczyk
  • Patent number: 8906225
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline microporous metallophosphates designated AlPO-57 has been synthesized. These metallophosphates are represented by the empirical formula R+rMmn+EPxSiyOz where R is an organoammonium cation such as the DEDMA+, M is a divalent framework metal such as an alkaline earth or transition metal, and E is a framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The microporous AlPO-57 compositions are characterized by a new unique ABC-6 net structure and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes and separation properties for separating at least one component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Lisa M. Knight, Paulina Jakubczak, Justin E. Stanczyk
  • Patent number: 8900445
    Abstract: A process for the catalytic conversion of hydrocarbons to convert petroleum hydrocarbons in a higher yield for light olefins, particularly propylene is disclosed, the process involving a hydrocarbon-converting catalyst comprising zeolite, phosphorous and a transition metal, as defined herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignees: China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation, Research Institute of Petroleum Processing, Sinopec
    Inventors: Chaogang Xie, Genquan Zhu, Yihua Yang, Yibin Luo, Jun Long, Xingtian Shu, Jiushun Zhang
  • Patent number: 8895796
    Abstract: Described herein are processes and related devices and systems for the conversion of higher hydrocarbons, such as in the form of waste plastics, petroleum sludge, slope oil, vegetable oil, and so forth, into lower hydrocarbons, which can be used as fuels or raw materials for a variety of industrial and domestic uses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Innovative Energy Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Atul G. Kelkar, Prasad V. Bhat
  • Publication number: 20140299511
    Abstract: The present invention provides a modified Y-type molecular sieve, characterized by having a unit cell size of 2.420-2.440 nm; as percent by weight of the modified Y-type molecular sieve, a phosphorus content of 0.05-6%, a RE2O3 content of 0.03-10%, and an alumina content of less than 22%; and a specific hydroxyl nest concentration of less than 0.35 mmol/g and more than 0.05 mmol/g, said ? ? specific ? ? hydroxyl ? ? nest ? ? concentration = [ ( M 500 ? ° ? ? C . - M 200 ? ° ? ? C . ) - ( 17 / 9 ) × ( M 800 ? ° ? ? C . - M 500 ? ° ? ? C . ) ] × 1000 36 × ( 1 - M 200 ? ° ? ? C . ) × C ? ( Unit ? : ? mmol ? / ? g ) wherein M200° C., M500° C. and M800° C. respectively represent the weight loss percents of a sample measured at 200° C., 500° C. and 800° C., and C is the crystallinity of the sample. The modified Y-type molecular sieve has few defect in the crystal lattice.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: CHINA PETROLEUM & CHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yibin Luo, Li Zhuang, Minggang Li, Ying Ouyang, Xingtian Shu
  • Publication number: 20140206919
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline microporous metallophosphates designated AlPO-67 has been synthesized. These metallophosphates are represented by the empirical formula R+rMm2+EPxSiyOz where R is an organoammonium cation such as the ETMA+ or DEDMA+, M is a framework metal alkaline earth or transition metal of valence 2+, and E is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The AlPO-67 compositions have the LEV topology and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes, and separation properties for separating at least one component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Lisa M. Knight, Paulina Jakubczak, Justin E. Stanczyk
  • Publication number: 20140206918
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline microporous silicometallophosphates designated MAPSO-64 and modified forms thereof have been synthesized. These silicometallophosphates are represented by the empirical formula R+rMm2+EPxSiyOz where R is an organoammonium cation such as ETMA+ or DEDMA+, M is an alkaline earth or transition metal cation of valence 2+, and E is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The MAPSO-64 compositions are characterized by a BPH framework topology and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes, and separation properties for separating at least one component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Lisa M. Knight, Paulina Jakubczak, Justin E. Stanczyk
  • Patent number: 8658024
    Abstract: The invention discloses a catalyst and a method for cracking hydrocarbons. The catalyst comprises, calculated by dry basis, 10˜65 wt % ZSM-5 zeolite, 0˜60 wt % clay, 15˜60 wt % inorganic oxide binder, 0.5˜15 wt % one or more metal additives selected from the metals of Group VIIIB and 2˜25 wt % P additive, in which the metal additive is calculated by metal oxide and the P additive is calculated by P2O5. The method for cracking hydrocarbons using this catalyst increases the yield of FCC liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and the octane number of FCC gasoline, as well as it increases the concentration of propylene in LPG dramatically.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignees: China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation, Research Institute of Petroleum Processing, Sinopec
    Inventors: Jun Long, Wenbin Jiang, Mingde Xu, Huiping Tian, Yibin Luo, Xingtian Shu, Jiushun Zhang, Beiyan Chen, Haitao Song
  • Patent number: 8633128
    Abstract: The invention describes a heteropolycompound constituted by a nickel salt of a lacunary Keggin type heteropolyanion comprising tungsten in its structure, with formula: Nix+y/2AW11-yO39-5/2y, zH2O wherein Ni is nickel, A is selected from phosphorus, silicon and boron, W is tungsten, O is oxygen, y=0 or 2, x=3.5 if A is phosphorus, x=4 if A is silicon, x=4.5 if A is boron, and x=m/2+2 for the rest, and z is a number in the range 0 to 36, in which said heteropolycompound has no nickel atom in substitution for a tungsten atom in its structure, said nickel atoms being placed in the counter-ion position in the structure of said compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Audrey Bonduelle, Fabrice Bertoncini, Karima Ben Tayeb, Carole Lamonier, Michel Fournier, Edmond Payen
  • Publication number: 20140005452
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline microporous metallophosphates designated AlPO-59 has been synthesized. These metallophosphates are represented by the empirical formula R+rMm2+EPxSiyOz where R is an organoammonium cation such as the ETMA+, M is a framework metal alkaline earth or transition metal of valence 2+, and E is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The AlPO-59 compositions are characterized by a new unique ABC-6 net structure and compositions and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes, and separation properties for separating at least one component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Lisa M. Knight, Paulina Jakubczak, Justin E. Stanczyk
  • Patent number: 8617513
    Abstract: One aspect of the present invention relates to mesostructured zeolites. The invention also relates to a method of preparing mesostructured zeolites, as well as using them as cracking catalysts for organic compounds and degradation catalysts for polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Jackie Y. Ying, Javier García-Martínez
  • Publication number: 20120292230
    Abstract: The invention discloses a catalyst and a method for cracking hydrocarbons. The catalyst comprises, calculated by dry basis, 10˜65 wt % ZSM-5 zeolite, 0˜60 wt % clay, 15˜60 wt % inorganic oxide binder, 0.5˜15 wt % one or more metal additives selected from the metals of Group VIIIB and 2˜25 wt % P additive, in which the metal additive is calculated by metal oxide and the P additive is calculated by P2O5. The method for cracking hydrocarbons using this catalyst increases the yield of FCC liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and the octane number of FCC gasoline, as well as it increases the concentration of propylene in LPG dramatically.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2012
    Publication date: November 22, 2012
    Applicants: Research Institute of Petroleum Processing, Sinopec, CHINA PETROLEUM & CHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jun Long, Wenbin Jiang, Mingde Xu, Huiping Tian, Yibin Luo, Xingtian Shu, Jishun Zhang, Beiyan Chen, Haitao Song
  • Publication number: 20120222991
    Abstract: Novel catalytic compositions for cracking of crude oil fractions are disclosed. The catalytic compositions comprise a basic material. When used in a cracking process, preferably a FCC process, the resulting LCO and HCO fractions have desirably low aromatics levels. Further disclosed is a one-stage FCC process using the catalytic composition of the invention. Also disclosed is a two-stage FCC process for maximizing the LCO yield.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Publication date: September 6, 2012
    Applicant: ALBEMARLE NETHERLANDS B.V.
    Inventors: PAUL O'CONNOR, KING YEN YUNG, AVELINO CORMA CANOS, ELBERT ARJAN DE GRAAF, ERJA PÄIVI HELENA RAUTIAINEN
  • Publication number: 20120132563
    Abstract: Solid acid nanoparticles are added to crude oil before initial distillation in order to increase the yield of light hydrocarbons obtained during initial distillation. According to one aspect, nanoparticles of a solid acid of a characteristic particle size are added to crude oil before initial distillation in order to increase the yield of light hydrocarbons obtained during initial distillation. According to another aspect, nanoparticles of a solid acid are added to crude oil in a characteristic concentration before initial distillation in order to increase the yield of light hydrocarbons obtained during initial distillation. According to another aspect, nanoparticles of two or more solid acids are mixed and added to crude oil before initial distillation in order to increase the yield of light hydrocarbons obtained during initial distillation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2010
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Inventors: Oleksander S. Tov, Petro E. Stryzhak
  • Patent number: 8128806
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process and equipment for fluid catalytic cracking for the production of middle distillates of low aromaticity that comprises cracking a mixed feed consisting of heavy fractions of hydrocarbons, in the absence of added hydrogen and employing a catalyst of low activity and low acidity, in a dense-bed FCC reactor to produce an effluent constituted of fractions of middle distillates and naphtha of low aromaticity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: Petroleo Brasileiro S.A.—Petrobras
    Inventors: Claudia Maria de Lacerda Alvarenga Baptista, Edisson Morgado Junior, William Richard Gilbert
  • Patent number: 8110092
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for recovery power from an FCC product. Gaseous hydrocarbon product from an FCC reactor is heat exchanged with a heat exchange media which is delivered to an expander to generate power. Cycle oil from product fractionation may be added to the gaseous FCC product to wash away coke precursors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: John A. Petri
  • Publication number: 20110230691
    Abstract: The invention describes a heteropolycompound constituted by a nickel salt of a lacunary Keggin type heteropolyanion comprising tungsten in its structure, with formula: Nix+y/2AW11-yO39-5/2y,zH2O wherein Ni is nickel, A is selected from phosphorus, silicon and boron, W is tungsten, O is oxygen, y=0 or 2, x=3.5 if A is phosphorus, x=4 if A is silicon, x=4.5 if A is boron, and x=m/2+2 for the rest, and z is a number in the range 0 to 36, in which said heteropolycompound has no nickel atom in substitution for a tungsten atom in its structure, said nickel atoms being placed in the counter-ion position in the structure of said compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2009
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Inventors: Audrey Bonduelle, Fabrice Bertoncini, Karima Ben Tayeb, Carole Lamonier, Michel Fournier, Edmond Payen
  • Patent number: 7973208
    Abstract: A catalyst for converting methanol to light olefins and the process for making and using the catalyst are disclosed and claimed. SAPO-34 is a specific catalyst that benefits from its preparation in accordance with this invention. A seed material is used in making the catalyst that has a higher content of the EL metal than is found in the principal part of the catalyst. The molecular sieve has predominantly a roughly rectangular parallelepiped morphology crystal structure with a lower fault density and a better selectivity for light olefins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Wharton Sinkler, Robert W. Broach, Natasha Erdman, Thomas M. Reynolds, John Q. Chen, Stephen T. Wilson, Paul T. Barger
  • Patent number: 7973209
    Abstract: Processing schemes and arrangements for the catalytic cracking of a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock and obtaining light olefins substantially free of carbon dioxide via amine treatment and employing fractionation processing are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gavin P. Towler, John P. Brady, William J. Lechnick, Michael A. Schultz
  • Patent number: 7879224
    Abstract: The present invention concerns doped catalysts on an alumino-silicate support with an adapted macropore content and hydrocracking/hydroconversion and hydrotreatment processes employing them. The catalyst comprises at least one hydrodehydrogenating element selected from the group formed by elements from group VIB and group VIII of the periodic table, a controlled quantity of phosphorus (optionally in combination with boron and/or silicon) as a doping element, and a non-zeolitic support based on alumina-silica containing a quantity of more than 5% by weight and 95% by weight or less of silica (SiO2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Patrick Euzen, Alexandra Chaumonnot, Magalie Roy-Auberger, Patrick Bourges, Tivadar Cseri, Maryline Delage, Nathalie Lett
  • Patent number: 7863494
    Abstract: Provided are a catalyst for hydrocarbon steam cracking for light olefin production and a method for preparing the same. The catalyst is a simple KMgPO4 catalyst, a supported KMgPO4 catalyst, or a KMgPO4-sintered catalyst. The supported KMgPO4 catalyst is prepared by impregnating a carrier with an aqueous solution of a KMgPO4 precursor and the KMgPO4-sintered catalyst is prepared by mixing a KMgPO4 powder or a KMgPO4 precursor powder with metal oxide followed by sintering. Provided is also a method for producing light olefins such as ethylene and propylene by steam cracking in the presence of the catalyst. When the catalyst comprising KMgSO4 as a catalytic component is used in olefin production, the yield of olefins is increased and the amount of cokes deposited on the catalyst is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Assignees: LG Chem, Ltd., LG Petrochemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jun-han Kang, Won-ho Lee, Sang-mun Jeong, Sang-ku Park, Jong-hyun Chae
  • Patent number: 7737317
    Abstract: Processing schemes and arrangements are provided for the processing a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock via hydrocarbon cracking processing with selected hydrocarbon fractions being obtained via fractionation-based product recovery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: UOP LLC.
    Inventors: Michael A. Schultz, Jason T. Corradi
  • Patent number: 7718840
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for producing light olefins from hydrocarbon feedstock. The process is characterized in that a porous molecular sieve catalyst consisting of a product obtained by evaporating water from a raw material mixture comprising a molecular sieve with a framework of Si—OH—Al— groups, a water-insoluble metal salt, and a phosphate compound, is used to produce light olefins, particularly ethylene and propylene, from hydrocarbon, while maintaining excellent selectivity to light olefins. According to the process, by the use of a specific catalyst with hydrothermal stability, light olefins can be selectively produced in high yield with high selectivity from hydrocarbon feedstock, particularly full-range naphtha. In particular, the process can maintain higher cracking activity than the reaction temperature required in the prior thermal cracking process for the production of light olefins, and thus, can produce light olefins with high selectivity and conversion from hydrocarbon feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Assignees: SK Energy Co., Ltd., Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Sun Choi, Yong Seung Kim, Deuk Soo Park, Suk Joon Kim, Il Mo Yang, Hee Young Kim, Yong Ki Park, Chul Wee Lee, Won Choon Choi, Kwang An Ko, Na Young Kang
  • Patent number: 7691767
    Abstract: Provided are a catalyst which inhibits light paraffins form being produced in catalytic cracking of heavy hydrocarbons and which effectively produces olefins and a process in which the above catalyst is used to produce olefins from heavy hydrocarbons at a high yield. The catalyst is a catalytic cracking catalyst for catalytically cracking a hydrocarbon raw material, comprising (A) pentasil type zeolite modified with a rare earth element and zirconium and (B) faujasite type zeolite, and the process is a production process for olefin and a fuel oil, comprising bringing a heavy oil containing 50 mass % or more of a hydrocarbon fraction having a boiling point of 180° C. or higher into contact with the catalyst described above to crack it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2010
    Assignees: Research Association of Refinery Integration for Group-Operation, Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenichi Wakui, Kinsho Furusawa, Akio Suwa, Toshio Itoh, Hisao Nagashima
  • Patent number: 7686945
    Abstract: Process to prepare a water-white lubricating base oil having a saturates content of more than 90 wt %, a sulphur content of less than 0.03 wt % and a viscosity index of between 80-120 by subjecting a non-water-white hydrocarbon feed having a lower saturates content than the desired saturates content to a hydrogenation step, the hydrogenation step comprising contacting the feed with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst, wherein the contacting is performed in two steps: (a) contacting the hydrocarbon feed with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst at a temperature of above 300° C. and at a WSHV of between 0.3 and 2 kg of oil per litre of catalyst per hour, and (b) contacting the intermediate product obtained in step (a) with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst at a temperature of below 280° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Gerard Benard, Patrick Moureaux
  • Patent number: 7663013
    Abstract: A porous solid acid catalyst for producing light olefins is prepared through pillaring and a solid state reaction of a raw material mixture. The catalyst is made of a porous material having a crystalline structure that is different from that of the raw material mixture. The catalyst exhibits excellent catalytic activity (i.e., conversion and selectivity) in the production of light olefins from hydrocarbon feeds such as full range naphthas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2010
    Assignee: SK Energy Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sun Choi, Deuk Soo Park, Suk Joon Kim, Ahn Seop Choi, Hee Young Kim, Yong Ki Park, Chul Wee Lee, Won Choon Choi, Sang Yun Han, Jeong Ri Kim
  • Patent number: 7655136
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for producing middle distillates from a paraffinic feed produced by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, using a hydrocracking/hydroisomerization catalyst which comprises: at least one hydrodehydrogenating element selected from the group formed by elements from group VIB and group VIII of the periodic table; 0.01% to 6% of phosphorus as a doping element; and a non-zeolitic support based on mesoporous alumina-silica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2010
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Patrick Euzen, Christophe Gueret, Vincenzo Calemma
  • Patent number: 7615143
    Abstract: There is provided a catalyst composition having improved hydrothermal stability for the catalytic cracking of a hydrocarbon feedstock to selectively produce propylene. The catalyst composition comprises a first crystalline molecular sieve selected from the group consisting of IM-5, MWW, ITH, FER, MFS, AEL, and AFO and an effective amount of a stabilization metal (copper, zirconium, or mixtures thereof) exchanged into the molecular sieve. The catalyst finds application in the cracking of naphtha and heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks. When used in the catalytic cracking of heavier hydrocarbon feedstocks, the catalyst composition preferably comprises a second molecular sieve having a pore size that is greater than the pore size of the first molecular sieve. The process is carried out by contacting a feedstock containing hydrocarbons having at least 4 carbon atoms is contacted, under catalytic cracking conditions, with the catalyst composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2009
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Tan-Jen Chen, Paul F. Keusenkothen, J. Jason Wu, John Scott Buchanan, Guang Cao, Larry L. Iaccino, David L. Stern, Matthew J. Vincent
  • Patent number: 7594995
    Abstract: The present invention provides a catalyst and a process for its preparation and its use in cracking heavy feedstocks. The catalyst comprises one or more zeolites having a controlled silica to alumina ratio and preferably treated with alkali in the presence of a matrix component selected from the group consisting of clays, synthetic matrix other than pillared clay, and mixtures thereof. The catalyst are particularly useful in treating heavy feedstock such as residues from oil sands processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2009
    Assignee: State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing
    Inventors: Baojian Shen, Jinsen Gao, Chunming Xu, Liang Zhao, Xianfeng Li, Pei Wu