Frangible Member Or Portion Patents (Class 215/250)
  • Patent number: 5782383
    Abstract: A dispensing closure for a sealed enteral fluid container includes a threaded cap with a central air inlet in the cap top covered by a hydrophobic/oleophobic air filter and an offset opening for a spike with an outwardly extending tubular spike guide. A resilient liner serves as a primary gasket seal between the cap top and the container neck lip and also seals to the spike during use while allowing air flow from the air inlet and filter along the spike into the container as enteral fluid is being withdrawn through the spike.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1998
    Assignee: Rexan Closures Inc.
    Inventor: Clayton L. Robinson
  • Patent number: 5755345
    Abstract: A closure which comprises a body portion having an open end, a closed end, an inner wall and an outer circumferential wall and an insert. The insert is for engaging a container, wherein the insert is formed separately from the body portion and includes a manner for attachment to the body portion. The insert is attached to the body portion adjacent the inner wall via the manner for attachment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1998
    Inventor: Emery I. Valyi
  • Patent number: 5685444
    Abstract: A tamper-evident closure cap construction having a cap body part for attachment to a container neck, a closure cap part, and a hinge connecting the closure cap part to the cap body part. The latter has an upper discharge opening, and the closure cap part is movable between a closed, sealing position covering the discharge opening, and an open, discharge position wherein the closure cap part is removed from the discharge opening. There are selectively manually operable locking components for locking the closure cap part in the closed, sealing position. The manually operable locking components have a first position corresponding to a closed, but unlocked condition of the closure cap part, and a second position corresponding to a closed and locked condition of the closure cap part. The components, once locked manually, are permanently retained in the second position so as to prevent tamper-type removal of the closure cap part from the cap body part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 11, 1997
    Inventor: Joseph P. Valley
  • Patent number: 5673807
    Abstract: A container and closure assembly includes a container including a bottom portion and an encircling wall extending therefrom and defining a body portion. The body portion has an open end with a span equal to or different than the span of the body portion. The assembly also includes a removable cap liner including a seal for sealably engaging the container at its open end in a manner which traps fluids in the container and a removable cap which substantially covers the cap liner and thereby the open end of the container. The cap is adapted for reclosing the container after it is removed from the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 7, 1997
    Inventor: Emery I. Valyi
  • Patent number: 5634504
    Abstract: A venting and flow control closure device includes a disc having a peripheral sealing area attachable to a rim which encircles a dispensing opening of a liquid container and a repeating vented fracture pattern formed on the disc and extending from one edge to an opposite edge of the sealing area of the disc. The disc is made substantially of a metal foil material. The repeating fracture pattern is formed of a plurality of alternating vents and rupturable bridges. Each vent has a length substantially greater than the length of each bridge. The repeating fracture pattern has a central portion zig-zag in shape with peaks and valleys terminating in a plurality of round holes, and a pair of opposite side portions extending outwardly from the round holes of the central portion in substantially perpendicular relation to an imaginary line dividing the zig-zag pattern of the central portion into halves with all of the peaks in one half and all of the valleys in the other half.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1997
    Inventor: Herman R. Chandler
  • Patent number: 5622273
    Abstract: A plastic closure includes an annular ring durably attached to the container, and a sealing assembly installed in the ring to seal the mouth. The sealing assembly includes a plug having a sealing lip on its lower face and a release lever connected to the plug by a flexible hinge. A tab on the release lever can be lifted to pry the sealing assembly out of the opening. The ring has a free edge directed downwardly and inwardly so as to permit the plug to pass easily through the opening during assembly, or resealing, but to resist removal of the plug sufficiently to prevent it from being forced off the container by pressure within the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1997
    Assignee: Crown Cork & Seal Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Ronald L. Kelly
  • Patent number: 5603422
    Abstract: A closure for wine bottles comprising a rigid head 1 and a tear-off safety portion 10, 11. The tear-off portion 10, 11 is in the form of a skirt having an upper ring 10 and a lower truncated conical portion 11 narrowing in the direction of the ring 10. This ring 10 is connected to the head 1 of the closure by a tear-off zone 17 and a generatrix of the skirt 11 is provided with a tearing off portion 33.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1997
    Inventor: Ernst Herrmann
  • Patent number: 5586672
    Abstract: The invention relates to a tube (1) of which the head (2) comprises an impermeable cap (5) which may be torn by twisting, characterized in that this cap has a lateral surface (5) of polygonal contour (6) inclined at less than to the axis (16) of the tube (1) and a tear zone (10) contained between the lateral surface (50) and an internal surface (11) of the cap (5) comprising at least one thin portion having a minimum thickness of 0.05 to 0.18 mm and at least one portion (9, 9') which is at least 1.5 times thicker.The invention also relates to the tube (1) accompanied by a cover maintaining the integrity of the periphery of the cap and comprising a key fitting over the cap so as to tear it by twisting, and to its use in particular for storing and dispensing liquids in metered droplets. The tube is typically used for storing and dispensing medical or cosmetic liquids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1996
    Assignee: Cebal, S.A.
    Inventors: Bernard Schneider, Rene Hoslet
  • Patent number: 5573134
    Abstract: A container having a body and a tamper-evident band and a lid for closing the container. The band has a proximal portion frangibly attached to the container body and a distal portion. The distal portion of the band is deformable to an inward extending orientation with the distal portion shaped and positioned to extend inwardly across the peripheral outer portion of a lid. The deformed distal portion of the band optionally has a curvature of to or more. The lid optionally has an annular groove for concealing the terminus of the band. The lid may also have an outward extending peripheral flange, an upward extending annular rib and a stacking ring for arranging several lids in a nested stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: Portola Packaging, Inc.
    Inventors: Rawson L. Chenault, Daniel Luch
  • Patent number: 5566846
    Abstract: A button enhancement coating system wherein mechanically actuated buttons and vacuum actuated buttons of closures may be provided with a coating system which changes color after the closure has been applied to a container and then removed therefrom with the change in color indicating tampering. The coating system includes a first coating layer applied directly to the upper surface of the button and a second coating layer of a different color applied in overlying and bonded relation to the first coating layer. The second coating layer is preferably transparent and the two colors are selected so that they produce a third color while the coating layers are bonded together. When the two coating layers become separated during the removal of the closure from a container, the button assumes the color of the second coating layer. The first coating layer may have an embossed upper surface including ribs and grooves with the second coating layer flowed thereinto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Assignee: Continental White Cap, Inc.
    Inventor: Albert J. James
  • Patent number: 5560989
    Abstract: An innerseal facing construction is disclosed which includes three layers. An induction heatable layer overlies a heat sink layer, which in turn overlies a bonding layer. The bonding layer has several strata of material of progressively higher melting points. The construction provides an innerseal facing that may be used over a broad range of induction power levels to provide progressively stronger bonding between the innerseal facing and the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Hak-Rhim Han
  • Patent number: 5544770
    Abstract: A tamper evident seal and system for use on a variety of container and closure combinations providing a seal across the juncture of the container and closure or across the container opening and positive indication to consumers of tampering with the seal. The seal system comprises the combination of indicia specifically placed on the container and a seal means in the form of a heat shrink band or a foil sheet applied to the container in a manner so as to temporarily obscure the indicia. In a first embodiment the indicia is applied to the container in an area below the neck and the seal means comprises an opaque band adhered to the container and closure over the juncture of thereof and over the indicia. In a second embodiment, the indicia is applied to the lip around the container mouth and the seal means comprises a foil sheet adhered to the lip and covering the mouth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1996
    Inventor: Frank P. Travisano
  • Patent number: 5540344
    Abstract: An originality-ensuring device for container closures (32), having an indicator element (35) subdivided by predetermined breaking points (37) into individual segments (36), the indicator element (35) being formed as a separate part for self-holding arrangement in the container (23), at least partially embracing the latter, and the segments (36) being arranged with respect to one another in such a way that, when there is a relative movement of the segments or segment parts (40), owing to a clamping reception of the indicator element (35) between a container closure (32) and a container shoulder (21), there takes place a severing of the predetermined breaking points (37) for individual separation of the segments (36) and the latter are held in a clamping manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1996
    Assignee: AptarGroup S.A.
    Inventors: Karl-Heinz Rosenthal, Tom Kitzing
  • Patent number: 5477972
    Abstract: Tamper indicating closure device for securely sealing a container in the form of a clear cap and indicator element. The cap includes knife blades in the form of ramp shaped projections which extend from the bottom side of the cap surface. Each knife blade is radially offset from the center of the cap and extends generally parallel to the radius of the cap terminating in a generally vertical planner knife face that extends in an axial direction. A tamper indicating element including a first covering layer and a second color layer is inserted into the cap prior to securing the cap and indicating element to a container. When the cap is screwed onto the container, the ramp like shape of the knife blades cause the knife blades to pass over the indicating element without tearing or piercing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1995
    Inventor: William M. Lester
  • Patent number: 5474194
    Abstract: This relates to a color change system to be incorporated in a flexing area of an end panel of a closure. The color change system includes a dark background coating on a flexing portion of the closure end panel to which there is bonded by way of an adhesive such as a varnish, ink or coating a brittle layer which due to the flipping action of the flexing portion of the end panel will fracture. The brittle layer is preferably of a light color and is colored utilizing a fluorescent dye. The combination of the background color and the fluorescent color of the brittle layer produces a first color in the original closure and when the end panel flexes and the brittle layer fractures to not only crack but also tear apart or delaminate from itself, to reflect its own light color much more brilliantly, the color of the color change system drastically changes to indicate tampering. This color change is irreversible. The color change system may also include a message indicia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1995
    Assignee: Continental White Cap, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert J. Heilman, Mark Egger, Leonard Rozanksi, H. Darrell Iler
  • Patent number: 5469980
    Abstract: A container-closure assembly comprising a container having a nozzle portion with a puncturable diaphragm defining a discharge opening and a closure of generally of cup-like form positionable over the nozzle and having a piercing element recessed in the closure of a predetermined axial length less than the diameter of the piercing portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 28, 1995
    Assignee: Wheaton Holding, Inc.
    Inventors: John R. O'Meara, David R. Cistone, Louis Travalent, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5467880
    Abstract: A safety screw cap indicates prior opening of a container to protect consumers from prior contamination. The screw cap has an annular band encircling its lower end which is separated from the screw cap by a perforated line. The band is affixed to a fixing clement and the fixing element attached to the container when the screw cap is screwed in place. An unattached leader portion of the band can be lifted easily to peel the band from the container. As the band is peeled from the container, it is simultaneously tom from the screw cap at the perforations. Once the band is removed, the screw cap can be unscrewed and the container unsealed. Before peeling the band away, the screw cap cannot be unscrewed without causing obvious damage to the screw cap or band. In addition, the torque required to shear-separate the band from the fixing element, the fixing element from the container or the screw cap from the band is greater than that which can be applied easily by a normal adult.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Assignee: Toyo Seikan Kaisha, Ltd.
    Inventors: Makoto Etoh, Kiyoshi Kawaguchi
  • Patent number: 5445283
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a plastics screw cap for container closures which is child-proof, with an inner cap (1) with an internal thread (13) which can be screwed onto a neck or a connecting piece of a container for receiving a closure, and an outer cap (2) which is freely rotatable with respect to the inner cap (1) at least in the direction of opening, wherein between the inner and outer caps (1, 2) engaging elements (7, 8, 9, 10) are provided which can only be engaged in an interference fit when a not exclusively tangential force is applied in the direction of opening, in addition to the tangential force effecting the opening moment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1995
    Assignee: Jacob Berg GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Gunter J. Krautkramer
  • Patent number: 5433992
    Abstract: A sealing member for a container has a membrane, e.g. aluminum foil, and a first sheet, e.g. polyester, part of which is bonded to the membrane. The other part of the sheet is free, so as to form a tab, to enable the seal to be detached. The seal can be attached to the neck of a bottle by a hot melt adhesive. The sheet and membrane can be stamped from a compound sheet and be of the same size. The composite portion can extend up to a line extending across a major portion of the membrane, or in another embodiment it covers a major portion of the membrane. Alternatively, the first sheet and the membrane can have a substantially common periphery in the separated portion of the sealing member forming the tab. A further embodiment provides for a sealing member that is entirely planar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 18, 1995
    Assignee: Stanpac Inc.
    Inventors: Michael P. Galda, Brian M. Klassen, Stephen H. Witt
  • Patent number: 5379907
    Abstract: In accordance with this invention, there is provided an elastomeric stopper for a medication container, the stopper being adapted to be pierced by a hypodermic needle or used in conjunction with standard luer nozzle fittings. In a preferred embodiment the stopper comprises an elastomeric plug adapted to make a friction fit in an opening of the medication container, the plug having an exterior surface, the exterior surface of the plug comprising a tear-away member formed integrally with the plug, the interior surface of the plug having a blocked passageway which opens away from the exterior surface of the plug and defines a conical taper, the passageway being blocked by the tear-away member. The tear-away member defines opposite faces of a thin diaphragm formed integrally with the plug, the diaphragm being of a thickness which permits the diaphragm to be ruptured by inserting a hypodermic needle therethrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 10, 1995
    Assignee: Sterling Winthrop Inc.
    Inventors: John J. Niedospial, Ronald B. Vacek, Rafael DeJesus
  • Patent number: 5341947
    Abstract: A tamper-evident device for application to a container closure cap has a ring element which surrounds an insert panel element. The insert panel element, which is centrally disposed with respect to the ring element, has an edge displaced from and surrounded by an edge of the ring element and is connected to the ring element by at least two lugs. The ring element of the device is bonded to an outer surface of a container closure cap which has a centrally positioned portion which is elastically deformable under the effects of changes in pressure so that when positioned on a rigid container which has an interior under a partial vacuum and upon opening and pressurization of the container, the deformable membrane lifts the insert panel element to break lugs connecting the ring and insert elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1994
    Assignee: Nestec S.A.
    Inventors: Meinrad Rosse, Jean Servaux
  • Patent number: 5335812
    Abstract: A lid formed from plastics material and used as a closure for a drinking vessel is disclosed. The lid includes a main disc closure portion and a perimeter wall for mounting the lid on the open top end of the vessel. The lid is characterized by a rupturable depression in the main disc portion which receives and can be ruptured by one end of a drink through straw when pushed by hand. The depression has an annular sleeve like sidewall which terminates in a bottom end wall and which at their juncture provides a predetermined tear line. The depression also includes a formation in each portion of the side and bottom wall which extends from a first selected area of the sidewall in a direction towards another selected area in the sidewall which is spaced from the first area. The formation is engageable with the one end of the straw and when the straw is pushed into the depression, initiates rupture in the depression adjacent the second area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 9, 1994
    Assignee: Lily Cups Inc.
    Inventor: Peter K. Boller
  • Patent number: 5328474
    Abstract: A tamper-resistant closure for a medical injection device such as a syringe includes a cap having both a blind bore sized to receive and seat tightly against the syringe tip, to prevent material from entering or being withdrawn from the device. The cap has a threaded connection to the syringe tip, and is entirely covered by a loose-fitting shield having a one-way drive mechanism which prevents the cap from being unscrewed from the device while the shield is in place. The shield has at least one internal, frangible tang protruding obliquely into the envelope of the cap, so that the shield and cap can be easily assembled, but cannot thereafter be disassembled without breaking the tang and thus providing an indication of tampering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1994
    Assignee: B. Braun Medical Inc.
    Inventor: Kenneth Raines
  • Patent number: 5303835
    Abstract: A sealing cap (2, 2a) is mounted to the open mouth of a pharmaceutical-containing container (20) which is to undergo lyophilization. The container has an outwardly extending mouth ring (26) with a shoulder (28) spaced apart from and facing away from the mouth (22). The sealing cap includes a body (4, 4a) having a through hole (6) covered by a piercible septum (16). The body includes radially deflectable fingers (30, 30a) which engage the mouth ring when the cap is at an open position, at which fluid flow into and out of the interior (38) of the container is substantially unhindered. The fingers also include surfaces (42, 42a) which engage the shoulder of the mouth ring when the cap seals the container mouth. The cap is locked into place using a lock ring (44, 44a) which engages the distal ends (47, 47a) of the fingers to keep the fingers engaged beneath the mouth ring. The sealing cap moves from the open to the sealed position using straight line, axial movement with simple fixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1994
    Assignee: Habley Medical Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Terry M. Haber, William H. Smedley, Clark B. Foster
  • Patent number: 5297599
    Abstract: A closure or cap for a reagent container for use in an analysis system in which an automatic pipetting device is used for transferring small quantities of reagent from the reagent container to reaction cells. In order to simplify the process of handling the reagent container in an automatic analysis system, the closure is characterized in that it is formed in one piece from a plastic and it has a cylindrical side wall and an annular top wall adjacent the side wall and merging into a conical wall which extends inwards from the inner circle of the top wall and ends in a piercable tip situated on the axis of symmetry of the cylindrical wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1994
    Assignee: Hoffmann-LaRoche Inc.
    Inventor: Rudolf Bucheli
  • Patent number: 5292025
    Abstract: A metallic or composite container (2) comprising a side forming a partly openable lid (4) having a fixed part in which an opening panel (16a) is delimited by a line of reduced strength (8), a connection zone (15) however remaining between the fixed part and the panel so that, by exerting on the panel a pressure in a direction toward the interior of the container, the line of reduced strength (8) is ruptured and the panel is swung toward the interior of the container about the connection zone (15). The fixed part of the lid is so shaped as to define a cavity extending toward the interior of the container, the cavity having a lateral wall (12) and a bottom wall in which the opening panel (16a) is at least partly formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 8, 1994
    Assignee: Sollac
    Inventor: Jacques F. Dubreul
  • Patent number: 5273171
    Abstract: A disposable nursing rectangular container having an interior space for holding a nursing liquid. A removably covered nipple attachment piece having an attached nipple, is located on the top of the container. A puncture piece on the nipple piece is used to pierce an access port on the top of the container so that liquid can flow into the nipple. Preferably the container has a liquid level gauge area on an end to allow viewing of the amount liquid in the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1993
    Assignee: Maricoma Steele-Rowland
    Inventors: Maricoma Steele-Rowland, Robert Williams
  • Patent number: 5271519
    Abstract: A fitment attached around an aperture in a container has a flange from which extends a spout closed by an initially integrally molded externally threaded plug. So long as the fitment and plug are in their original position after molding, the combination is tamper-evident. The plug is moved axially into the spout, with a liquid-tight fit. The plug has an outward extending tab formed with a slot and the fitment has an upward extending finger aligned with the slot in the tab and formed with tangs which lock the finger and tab together as the plug is moved into the spout, thereby making the device tamper-evident. A characteristic of the invention is that a tether interconnects the plug and the upper edge of the spout to prevent disconnection of the one from the other. As a further feature of the invention, an over-size foil seal extends across the bottom of the flange and is welded or otherwise adhered to the bottom of the flange.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1993
    Assignee: Portola Packaging, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian M. Adams, Daniel Luch
  • Patent number: 5269432
    Abstract: An insect-proof and tamper-evident cover is disclosed for a disposable, metal, one-time use beverage container. A lid, nonrotatably secured to the upper end of the beverage container, includes an opening with bars formed there-across, and with a plurality of cover-supporting bumps and a position-controlling groove. A rotatable cover is secured to said lid in a fluid-tight arrangement. The cover includes an opening with bars there-across, at least one finger-engaging member, a tamper-evident indicator, and a projection arranged to travel in the position-controlling groove of the lid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1993
    Inventor: Nicholas G. Beckertgis
  • Patent number: 5265744
    Abstract: A tamper-proof cap for containers, bottles and the like comprising a first driven member and a second drive member concentrically mounted on the first member and having a window through which a visible signal may be observed by a viewer. A rupturable capsule containing signal media is supported on the first driven member and displays a signal of first characteristic through the window. Upon opening the cap by causing the drive member to engage the driven member, the capsule ruptures causing the signal media to display a signal of a second characteristic through the window indicative of the fact that an attempt had been made to open the cap. In an alternative embodiment, a lens mounted on the window portion of the drive member enables viewing of the signal characteristic when the containers bearing the caps of the invention are stored on a relatively high shelf.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1993
    Inventors: Billy Duty, Ellen McClanahan, Randy Newberry
  • Patent number: 5255813
    Abstract: An opening arrangement for laminated container packages or cartons of the single-use disposable type is disclosed. The opening arrangement includes an inner pouring spout, which is formed as a closed part continuous with the container package, and an outer, screw stopper-like sealing portion. The outer sealing portion consists of an outer, left-hand threaded part, an inner, right-hand threaded portion, and a pull-off ring disposed therebetween. Penetration devices are provided in the inner part of the outer sealing portion for cutting off a portion of the inner pouring spout when the container package is opened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1993
    Assignee: Tetra Alfa Holdings S.A.
    Inventors: Goran Berggren, Ulf Nedstedt
  • Patent number: 5236101
    Abstract: The invention relates to a tamper-indicating radiation-proof film container. The container comprises a canister having an opening defined therein, and a closure member having a peripheral canister-engaging portion. A tamper-indicating seal is located between adjacent contact surfaces of the canister-engaging portion and the canister, and the closure member is translucent for enabling the condition of the tamper-indicating seal to be viewed. Shielding means are provided for shielding the contents of the container from ionising radiation. The shielding means may be in the form of an intermediate lead layer and an inner barium-impregnated plastics layer which lines both the canister and the closure member. The tamper-indicating seal incorporates indicia containing information relating to the contents of the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1993
    Inventor: Peter B. Dugmore
  • Patent number: 5203838
    Abstract: The assembly of a closure (3) and a receptacle (1) having a neck (2) of plastic material surmounted by a tamperproof cover 98). The closure (3) comprises an opening capsule (3) provided with a base (4), and the base (4) and the neck (2) are configured for snap-on engagement after the commencement of insertion in full cross-section of a fitting device (25) onto the cover (8), and, lower down, a screwing device, these devices (15 and 25) allowing the cover (8) to be ruptured and to be fitted into the neck (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1993
    Assignee: Cebal
    Inventor: Bernard Schneider
  • Patent number: 5188628
    Abstract: A closure device for connection to a fluid container which has an opening for receiving the device. The closure device has a base section which may sealably cover the container opening. The base section has a spike receiving opening passing there through with at least one air vent on the base section which is spaced from the spike receiving opening. A hydrophobic air filter, is associated with the air vent. Adjoining the base section is an internal cover, which lies over the aperture, covering it and the base section. The internal cover has a pierceable portion which is in alignment with the spike receiving opening of the base section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 23, 1993
    Assignee: Sandoz Ltd.
    Inventors: Robert G. Rani, Douglas E. Hahn
  • Patent number: 5170900
    Abstract: A child resistant closure for a medicine bottle wherein an outer cap is freely rotatable on an inner cap. A latch assembly including a slidable latch member and a latch post are positioned between the top walls of the inner and outer caps. An aperture is provided in the top wall of the cap for observing the position of the post preparatory to sliding the latch member into engagement with the latch post for interconnecting the inner and outer caps for removal of the closure from the bottle. The inner cap is provided with a cam surface engageable with the slidable latch member for automatically moving the latch member out of engagement with the post during the securing of the closure to the bottle, and a tamper evident tab is removably connected to the outer cap to prevent the unauthorized manipulation of the latch member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1992
    Assignee: Comar, Inc.
    Inventor: David A. Manera
  • Patent number: 5148931
    Abstract: This invention provides a new and simple tamper-resistant, safety closure for a container having threaded neck. It requires the user to align the two arrows, then give it an upward lift while turning in the counter-clockwise direction to unscrew it from the container.Features of the invention useful in accomplishing the above objects include an outer cap and an inner cap. The interior surface of the outer cap has a plurality of identical protrusions, called the type A protrusions, and one type B protrusion. The exterior surface of the inner cap has a plurality of identical grooves, called the type A grooves, and one type B groove. If the type B protrusion is lifted into the type B groove, then the two caps inter-lock and turning the outer cap in the counter-clockwise direction would also turn the inner cap in the same direction, resulting in the unscrewing of the closure from the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1992
    Inventor: Do Le Minh
  • Patent number: 5133470
    Abstract: A tamper-proof plastic vial is rendered tamper-proof during transport to and from a specimen-receiving site. The vial comprises a container and cap molded together in one piece. The cap is inserted onto the container during the manufacturing phase and is secured thereto by a first destructible connector in the form of an arrow-like projection so that the integrity of the container is ensured until a specimen is received. Thereafter, a second destructible member in the form of a flexible one-way strip is attached to form a second destructible connection. The container carries an outer channel which receives a peripheral edge of the cap to establish a tortuous bacterial path and to resist accidental opening of the cap. The first destructible connection is created in response to a controlled shrinkage of the assembly during the cooling phase of manufacturing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1992
    Assignee: Capitol Vial, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert S. Abrams, H. Carl Smith
  • Patent number: 5125522
    Abstract: A closure which permits the opening of a membrane seal of an enteral nutritional product container in a single-action motion while maintaining product sterility. This closure includes a general cylindrical side wall having threads along the inner surface thereof, a planar top surface having first and second upwardly extending projections. The first projection is associated with a filter means for allowing air to enter the container, while the second projection has a base which is a spikable membrane. A bottom surface having an annular raised portion is provided. The bottom surface has a downwardly projecting plow member as well abutting against gasket means positioned between the annular raised portion and the inner surface of the side wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1992
    Assignee: Abbott Laboratories
    Inventors: Paul A. Pezzoli, Thomas Joyce, Mark Larkin
  • Patent number: 5123555
    Abstract: A plastic cap is used on containers, particularly of the type used commercially for five-gallon bottles containing liquids such as drinking water. A bead is formed on the exterior, preferably above the elevation of the horizontal tear line conventionally used in such caps. The bead is preferably flat on the outside surface and wide in a vertical sense. The bead functions to cause the cap to engage the neck of the container more securely. It also functions to retain in place a dust cap which fits over the top of the cap. It further functions as a seal for the type of cap used in certain water dispensers. Such dispensers are used without removing the cap from the container in that the top disk is opened after the container has been installed in the dispenser. The bead seals against the inside of a sleeve incorporated in such a dispenser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1992
    Assignee: Cap Snap Co.
    Inventors: Daniel Luch, Brian M. Adams
  • Patent number: 5121845
    Abstract: A molded plastic oil bottle includes an upwardly extending threaded neck having a sealing edge. A cup-shaped cap is threadably received upon the neck to provide closure thereof. A quantity of oil is received within the molded plastic bottle. A removable seal comprises a thin seal membrane secured to the edge of the bottle neck and includes an outwardly extending tab which is used to remove the seal from the bottle in the filling process. In one embodiment, the extending tab is multiply folded and received within the cap while in alternate embodiments the tab extends outwardly from beneath the cap in the closed position. In a still further embodiment, a smaller tab having an aperture therein extends from the seal member and is operated by a separate puller which is attachable to the tab.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1992
    Inventor: Floyd W. Blanchard
  • Patent number: 5090583
    Abstract: A tamper-evident, tamper-resistant closure for an open neck container having a detachable closure cap that is adapted to open and close the dispenser end. A breakaway tether is integrally molded to the closure cap and a first closure ring which fits within the closure cap and around the container neck. A second tether is integrally formed with the closure cap and a second closure ring. The breakaway tether will rupture if this container is tampered with. Also the breakaway tether may be broken when the contents of the container is to be used. The second tether securely maintains the closure cap attached to the main closure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1992
    Assignee: Magenta Corporation
    Inventors: Richard W. Hoffman, John Kinsley, Michael Illenberger
  • Patent number: 5090582
    Abstract: A bottle cap having a cutting means located inside the cap for selectively opening a sealed bottle is described. The cap can be rotated in either direction over the seal to cause the seal to be punctured and to cause a "C"-shaped cut in the seal. In the preferred embodiment, the center of the "C"-shaped cut portion of the seal is dragged away from the center of the mouth of the bottle, and a portion of the linear remains uncut as the cap is rotated to prevent the liner from dropping down into the bottle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1992
    Assignee: Baxter International Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory R. Art, Frank M. Podsiadlik, Albert Lackland
  • Patent number: 5088613
    Abstract: A tamper evident closure integrally molded in a straight draw mold without slides or cams has a cap skirt, a tamper band radially spaced from the free end of the skirt and extending radially outward, and an anchoring member, spaced radially outward of the tamper band. The tamper band is connected to both the cap skirt and the anchoring member by tearable connections in the form of scored membranes, or preferably, discrete circumferentially spaced radially extending frangible bridges. The tamper band has a circumferentially extending gap and an integral pull tab extending radially outward from one end through a gap in the anchoring member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1992
    Assignee: Continental Plastics, Inc.
    Inventors: Herbert V. Dutt, Thomas F. Hudak
  • Patent number: 5085333
    Abstract: A tamper evident overcap has a tear band which is offset radially from both a ring member sonically welded to a container shoulder and a cap, by generally radially extending frangible bridges. The bridges are severed by applying force to a pull tab extending radially and axially from the tear band in alignment with a gap in the ring member so that there are no undercut faces on the overcap which can consequently be molded in a straight draw mold without cams or slides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1992
    Assignee: Continental Plastics, Inc.
    Inventors: Herbert V. Dutt, Gary L. Mengeu, Stephen F. Royal
  • Patent number: 5074424
    Abstract: This relates to the provision of a closure having a mechanically actuated button with a tamper indicating arrangement. A transparent panel overlies the end panel of the closure and there is provided a message indicia either on the upper surface of the button or the under surface of the transparent panel with their being carried by the transparent panel a pleated screen which shields the message indicia either by overlying the same or by blending with the message indicia in color. One end of the pleated screen is fixedly attached to the transparent panel while the opposite end has a releasable bond. When the closure is applied and the mechanical button moves towards the transparent panel, the pleated screen is clamped between the two with the result that the pleated screen is flattened and elongated rupturing the releasable bond so that once the closure is removed from the container and the button moves down away from the transparent panel, the pleated screen can collapse exposing the message indicia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1991
    Assignee: Continental White Cap, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert J. Heilman, Harry W. Ingersol
  • Patent number: 5052568
    Abstract: The device comprises a sheath in a synthetic material and including at least one protruding abutment for a latching on a neck of a container and a fitting collar for a portion of this neck. The sheath has a top provided with a sealing foil and is fitted inside a lid including fixation means associated with retainer members for the sheath. A space is defined between the sheath and the lid for accommodating a resilient deformation of the protruding abutment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1991
    Inventor: Patrick Simon
  • Patent number: 5027872
    Abstract: A system for introducing flowable additive e.g. colorant from a syringe into paint varnish, woodstain or the like contained in a closed container provided with an inlet into the container which inlet is closed by a closure. The inlet is openable by insertion of the nozzle of the syringe into the inlet which thereby ensures that the nozzle of the syringe is correctly located in the inlet before expulsion of the additive commences.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1991
    Assignee: Imperial Chemical Industries PLC
    Inventors: Celia C. Taylor, Michael R. Cane, Fraser Kennedy
  • Patent number: 5018632
    Abstract: This relates to a tamper indicating closure which includes a closure cap having a button which is movable between an elevated position and a downwardly recessed position in accordance with the state of closure of an associated container. In particular, the button is provided with a tamper indicating arrangement which will include a first layer directly attached to the button and an overlying second layer which is connected to the button generally at the periphery thereof. The first layer is in the form of a photoactive layer and the second layer is in the form of a friable filter material. Normally the second layer protects the first layer, but when the button changes its shape, the friable filter layer will crack and expose the underlying photoactive layer to cause a change in the photoactive layer. This change could be in the form of the disappearance of a message, including a UPC code or the developing of a previously formed message on the photoactive layer so as to make that message appear.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 28, 1991
    Assignee: Continental White Cap Inc.
    Inventor: Frank J. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 5012941
    Abstract: A tamper-proof container and cap assembly includes apertured flanges disposed on the container and cap, the apertures of which become substantially aligned when the cap is inserted onto the container. Integrally molded with one of the flanges is a locking strip designed for one-way passage through the aligned holes, whereby removal of the strip is possible only by permanent destruction thereof. Structure may be provided for preventing relative lateral movement between the flanges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1991
    Assignee: Robert S. Abrams
    Inventors: Robert S. Abrams, H. Carl Smith
  • Patent number: 5004111
    Abstract: An improved innerseal for sealing containers includes a body portion having an upper surface and structure connected to the upper surface for grasping by a user, whereby the body portion may be removed from a container quickly and efficiently. The body portion includes structure for preventing passage of fluid therethrough, and structure adapted for bonding the body portion against the upper rim of the container with a first bonding force. The bonding structure has a first bonding portion for sealing against the container rim and a second bonding portion which is adhered to the first bonding portion with a second bonding force which is less than the first bonding force. Consequently, a first part of the first bonding portion will delaminate from the second bonding portion over the container rim and remain adhered to the rim, while a second part of the first bonding portion will remain adhered to the second bonding portion, thereby exposing the opening in the container when the grasping structure is pulled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1991
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Theresa A. McCarthy