With Infrared Generating Means Patents (Class 219/411)
  • Patent number: 10858945
    Abstract: An embodiment of an apparatus includes means for peripherally welding a cavity-back blade and a cover of the cavity-back blade to form a 3-dimensional hollow blade assembly, and a plurality of bellows contained in one or both of a first die half and a second die half receiving the 3-dimensional hollow blade assembly. The plurality of bellows are disposed within the region defined around or inward of the peripherally welded interface of the cover and the blade. At least a portion of the plurality of bellows are arranged in a manner to provide pressure to the cover at approximately a 90 degree angle to each of a plurality of nodes, each node defined by an intersection of two or more ribs in the cavity-back blade.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2020
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Daniel A. Bales, Russell A. Beers, Thomas DeMichael, Eric W. Malmborg, Francis B. Parisi
  • Patent number: 10813496
    Abstract: A circuit configuration is disclosed for use in an appliance includes a power switch configured to open and close a first group of electrical contacts, where the contacts while closed cause the appliance to energize upon a user initiating a use of the appliance. The circuit configuration also includes a primary timing device electrically connected to the first group of electrical contacts, the primary timing device being actuated upon energization of the appliance and the primary timing device being configured to de-energize the appliance after a first time period by opening the first group of electrical contacts. The circuit configuration also includes a secondary timing device electrically connected to the power switch by a second group of electrical contacts, where the secondary timing device is configured to de-energize the appliance after a second time period, where the second time period is set based on the first time period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: Spectrum Brands, Inc.
    Inventors: Karl Warner Marschke, Brian Lloyd Vodvarka, Rajesh Kumar
  • Patent number: 10645766
    Abstract: A high frequency energy generator system includes a plurality of high frequency energy generator heads. Each head includes a respective magnetron; a common drive unit for producing power for the plurality of magnetrons; and a connector arrangement connecting each of the plurality of heads to the common drive unit to supply power to the magnetrons. At least one of the heads is located remote from the common drive unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: TELEDYNE UK LIMITED
    Inventors: Paul Simon Burleigh, Stephen Mark Iskander
  • Patent number: 10644463
    Abstract: A connector (10) has terminals (30) connected to wires (W), a housing (20) configured to accommodate the terminals (30), a retainer (40) configured to accommodate the wires (W) while retaining the terminals (30) accommodated in terminal accommodating portions (22) of the housing (20), a temperature sensor (60) to be accommodated in a sensor accommodating portion (56) in the retainer (40) and a holder (80) to be assembled with the retainer (40). The holder (80) has a large divided body (75) and two small divided bodies (70) coupled to the large divided body (75) via hinges (72). The small divided bodies (70) and the large divided body (75) retain the temperature sensor (60) in the sensor accommodating portion (56) while the wires (W) are inserted between the small divided bodies (70) and the large divided body (75).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: Sumitomo Wiring Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshifumi Tanizaki, Yu Kito
  • Patent number: 10520199
    Abstract: Methods for heat treating food products include controlling a temperature of a heating element to a maximum temperature correlated to a desired temperature for the food product. A sensed temperature of the heating element may be used to control the maximum temperature. An oven includes a heating element and a temperature sensor configured to sense the temperature of the heating element, and a controller that limits the temperature the heating element based on output from the temperature sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Inventor: Louis S. Polster
  • Patent number: 10450224
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to coated articles with sequentially activated low-E coatings, and/or methods of making the same. In certain example embodiments, one or more infrared reflecting layers is/are activated via a non-equilibrium preconditioning activation that uses photons with specific frequencies/frequency ranges, followed by a more equilibrium thermal activation. The preconditioning activation aids in rearranging the silver atoms to energetically favorable positions, while helping to avoid their unwanted agglomeration. The more equilibrium thermal stage of activation aids in aligning the chemical potentials of the layers of the stack and in further densification of the preconditioned silver layer. Doing so, in turn, helps to reduce the likelihood of stresses building-up in the coating, the formation of point and dimensional defects, other unwanted efficiency-reducing phenomena, and/or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: GUARDIAN GLASS, LLC
    Inventors: Alexey Krasnov, Herbert Lage, Jean-Marc Lemmer
  • Patent number: 10208397
    Abstract: An apparatus is provided for depositing a thin film. The apparatus includes a chamber, a susceptor disposed in the chamber and supporting a substrate, a reflection housing disposed outside the chamber, a light source unit disposed in the reflection housing and irradiating light to the susceptor, and a light controlling unit blocking at least a portion of an irradiation path of the light to control an irradiation area of the light on the susceptor. At least a portion of the light controlling unit is disposed in the reflection housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seung-Min Ryu, Sang Min Lee, Hee Jong Jeong, Chaeho Kim, Ji Su Son, Jaebong Lee, Juwan Lim, Jungwoo Choi
  • Patent number: 10086403
    Abstract: A process for in-line coating of roll formed products that includes: cleaning and/or pretreating the roll formed product to remove surface contaminants that may interfere with the coating adhering to the roll formed product; completely covering the entire outer surface of the roll formed product by applying an ultraviolet light curable coating to the product, such that when curing is complete, the coating adheres to the product including any edges thereof; and exposing the coating on the roll formed product to an ultraviolet light to cure the coating. The resulting roll formed product is a completely coated finished product that provides complete cut-edge protection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: Strong-Coat, LLC
    Inventor: Stephen C. Linch
  • Patent number: 9842752
    Abstract: A semiconductor manufacturing system or process, such as an ion implantation system, apparatus and method, including a component or step for heating a semiconductor workpiece are provided. An optical heat source emits light energy to heat the workpiece. The optical heat source is configured to provide minimal or reduced emission of non-visible wavelengths of light energy and emit light energy at a wavelength in a maximum energy light absorption range of the workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2017
    Assignee: Axcelis Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: David Bernhardt, W. Davis Lee, William DiVergilio, Marvin Farley
  • Patent number: 9835547
    Abstract: The present invention relate to an apparatus for processing of foodstuff. The apparatus comprises an element for processing of the foodstuff. The apparatus further comprises a light source that is arranged to emit light having at least two wavelengths or wavelength ranges, the light source further being arranged to direct the light to a surface of at least the foodstuff, and a detector positioned to detect at least a portion of light reflected from the surface of the foodstuff, and arranged to generate an output indicative of the detected intensity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: SensAbility Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Sean Manning, Kristopher John Rowland, Andrew Callum Richardson
  • Patent number: 9648864
    Abstract: An electrically powered infrared based thermal weed control system. A housing has a downwardly facing chamber. At least one electrically powered infrared heating element is mounted within the chamber. A source of electrical potential is electrically coupled to the electrically powered infrared heating element. A control assembly varies the electrical potential to the electrically powered infrared heating elements and the heat generated for controlling undesired weeds there adjacent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Inventors: Hugh C. Kent, Michael J. Reischmann
  • Patent number: 9607870
    Abstract: A flash heating part in a heat treatment apparatus includes 30 built-in flash lamps, and irradiates a semiconductor wafer held by a holder in a chamber with a flash of light. Thirty switching elements are provided in a one-to-one correspondence with the 30 flash lamps. Each of the switching elements defines the waveform of current flowing through a corresponding one of the flash lamps by intermittently supplying electrical charge thereto. Radiation thermometers measure an in-plane temperature distribution of the semiconductor wafer during flash irradiation. Based on the results of measurement with the radiation thermometers, a controller individually controls the operations of the 30 switching elements to individually define the light emission patterns of the 30 flash lamps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2017
    Assignee: SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hiroki Kiyama
  • Patent number: 9460946
    Abstract: A substrate processing apparatus includes a heating part including a cylindrical-shaped heat insulator and a heating wire arranged on the inner circumferential surface of the heat insulator, a heat-insulating part configured to define a cylindrical space between the heating part and the heat insulating part, a cooling gas introduction portion coupled to the cylindrical space and provided above the heat-insulating part to surround the heating part, and a cooling gas discharge portion provided at an approximately same height as that of the cooling gas introduction portion in the diameter direction extending from approximately the center of the cooling gas introduction portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: HITACHI KOKUSAI ELECTRIC INC.
    Inventors: Hitoshi Murata, Tetsuya Kosugi
  • Patent number: 9410742
    Abstract: An annealing system and method of operating is described. The annealing system includes a vertical furnace having an inner cylindrical insulating tube and at least one heating element surrounding an outer surface thereof, wherein the inner cylindrical insulating tube defines a processing space into which a plurality of workpieces may be vertically translated and subjected to thermal and/or magnetic processing. The annealing system further includes a workpiece boat for carrying at least one hundred workpieces, a boat loader arranged beneath the vertical furnace, and configured to vertically translate the workpiece boat and position the workpieces within the processing space, and a magnet system arranged outside the vertical furnace and configured to generate a magnetic field within the processing space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignee: TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED
    Inventors: Ian Colgan, Ioan Domsa, George Eyres, Toru Ishii
  • Patent number: 9378857
    Abstract: Apparatus for generating ultraviolet light and methods of operating an ultraviolet light source. The apparatus may include a microwave chamber (16) enclosing an interior space, a light source (10) with a lamp head (28) coupled to the microwave chamber (16), an ultraviolet (UV) transmissive member (88) positioned above the lamp face (32) and below the interior space to define a plenum (116) therebetween, and an exhaust system (100) coupled in fluid communication with the plenum. The lamp head (28) has a lamp face (32) through which ultraviolet light (34) and cooling air (30) are emitted. The UV transmissive member (88) is configured to transmit the ultraviolet light (34) into the interior space and to divert the cooling air (30) from the interior space. The exhaust system (100) configured to exhaust the cooling air (30) from the plenum (116).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: NORDSON CORPORATION
    Inventors: James M. Borsuk, Greg Harrell, Edward C. McGhee, James Smith
  • Patent number: 9175908
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for thermal processing of semiconductor substrates is disclosed. Each lamp of a lamp assembly is immersed in a thermally conductive atmosphere comprising oxygen. As the lamps are operated, the oxygen reacts with carbon containing species. Consumed oxygen is replaced over time until the thermal conductivity of the atmosphere falls below a tolerance threshold. The atmosphere is then evacuated and replaced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventor: Joseph M. Ranish
  • Patent number: 9091480
    Abstract: A rotary furnace (1) for the heat treatment of solids includes at least one rotary tube into which the solids are introduced and a first heater outside of the rotary tube that makes it possible to conduct a portion of the heat treatment in the absence of oxygen. A second heater for heating feedstock to improve heat treatment is formed by a second heating element (4, 4?, 4?) positioned above the feedstock when the furnace rotates and at least one deflector panel that surrounds the heating element (4, 4?, 4?) is provided on the side opposite to the feedstock (2) and arranged inside of the rotary tube. The rotary furnace is used to roast solid biomass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Elena Sanz Garcia, Matthieu Rolland
  • Patent number: 9040884
    Abstract: An apparatus for fabricating semiconductor devices includes a chamber having a bottom plane, a side wall and a lid. An irradiating unit is at an interior of the chamber. A substrate mounting unit is between the bottom plane of the chamber and the irradiating unit. The irradiating unit includes an irradiating tube and a hole penetrating the central region of the irradiating tube. The irradiating tube has a hollow disk shape, and a lower surface of the irradiating tube is opened to the substrate mounting unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Il-Young Han, Jae-Sung Kwon, Sang-Wook Park, Won-Keun Kim
  • Patent number: 9029737
    Abstract: An apparatus for forming a solar cell includes a housing defining a vacuum chamber, a rotatable substrate support, at least one inner heater and at least one outer heater. The substrate support is inside the vacuum chamber configured to hold a substrate. The at least one inner heater is between a center of the vacuum chamber and the substrate support, and is configured to heat a back surface of a substrate on the substrate support. The at least one outer heater is between an outer surface of the vacuum chamber and the substrate support, and is configured to heat a front surface of a substrate on the substrate support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: TSMC Solar Ltd.
    Inventors: Edward Teng, Ying-Chen Chao, Chih-Jen Yang
  • Patent number: 9025943
    Abstract: Radiant energy from a semiconductor wafer which is determined from the theoretical value of black body radiation and the actually measured result of an output from a photodiode are brought into correspondence with each other, and a table showing a correlation therebetween is acquired and stored on a magnetic disk. When a semiconductor wafer to be treated is irradiated with flashes of light from flash lamps, the photodiode receives radiant light emitted from the semiconductor wafer. A controller determines, from the output from the photodiode, the radiant energy emitted per unit time from the semiconductor wafer irradiated with flashes of light, based on the acquired table. The controller further determines the surface temperature of the semiconductor wafer from the determined radiant energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Screen Holdings Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Toru Kuroiwa
  • Publication number: 20150108106
    Abstract: Disclosed are cooking devices and assemblies that employ infrared radiant energy to cook food. One cooking assembly includes a cooker including a body having a cooker lid configured to engage a top of the body, an inner layer arranged within the body and defining a heating cavity within the cooker, a heating element arranged within the heating cavity and configured to heat the heating cavity, and a cooking vessel made of a transmissive material and configured to be arranged within the heating cavity, the cooking vessel defines a cooking cavity configured to receive food therein, wherein the heating element convectively heats the cooking vessel and infrared radiant energy is thereby emitted from interior surfaces of the cooking vessel into the cooking cavity to cook the food.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventor: Brian L. Coleman
  • Patent number: 9012815
    Abstract: A drawer unit for an oven is provided. The drawer unit includes a drawer casing, a drawer movable into and out from the drawer casing, the drawer defining an accommodation space configured to accommodate food or a food container, and a warming heater disposed at an upper portion of the drawer casing between the drawer casing and the drawer to provide warming energy to the accommodation space. In addition, an oven including the drawer unit is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventors: Jungmin Cha, Byoungwoo Choi, Seungjun Lee, Dongwan Lim
  • Patent number: 8997374
    Abstract: A drying furnace (20) for drying an object (11) by hot air is provided with a heater (36, 38, 43, 45) that applies radiant heat to a hard-heating region (35, 42) having a larger heat capacity than the other region (37, 44) in the object (11) so as to heat the hard-heating region (35, 42) to a temperature approximate to a temperature of the other region (37, 44).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Wataru Sato
  • Patent number: 9000332
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for heating an endodontic instrument by infrared radiation includes a housing defining a chamber. An infrared heating element is positioned within the chamber. The housing includes an aperture and an adjacent holder for holding the endodontic instrument, such as an obturator. The endodontic instrument held by the holder extends through the aperture and into the chamber. The infrared heating element directs infrared radiation toward the endodontic instrument, which heats the endodontic instrument.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Ormco Corporation
    Inventor: Erik Brown
  • Patent number: 8987641
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for a high performance heater. In an embodiment, the high performance heater comprises a first stackable tray comprising a first alignment pin that insulates a first heating element disposed in the first stackable tray; a second stackable tray comprising a second alignment pin that insulates a second heating element disposed in the second stackable tray, wherein a top of the first alignment pin fits into a cutout of a bottom of the second alignment pin when the first and second stackable trays are stacked, and wherein the first and second stackable trays comprise one or more materials, an outer diameter and an inner diameter, and wherein an area between the outer diameter and the inner diameter of the stackable trays comprises at least one cutout portion that allows expansion of the material(s) when the high performance heater is at high temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Inventor: Arsalan Emami
  • Patent number: 8952298
    Abstract: A new electric broiler is disclosed. The broiler includes a housing having a cooking chamber, and a cooking surface in the housing. Upper and lower electrical heat sources are provided in the cooking chamber above and below the cooking surface. The lower heat source includes a removable heating module having an electric heating element and a quick connect/disconnect connector for quick electrical connection and disconnection of the electric heating element to and from a quick connect/disconnect connector on the housing. The broiler also includes a module holder on the housing for holding the removable heating module. The heating module is removable from the holder for quick replacement of the module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Burger King Corporation
    Inventors: Kim Charles Fietsam, Gregory K. Swanson, Daryl R. Monroe, Steven M. Shei, Daniel Marvin Henke, Robert J. Reese, Jeffrey A. Stafford
  • Patent number: 8939067
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a cooker. In the present invention, a carbon heater is used to cook foods in a cooking chamber and electric current applied to the carbon heater is controlled by a switching element, such that an effective wavelength range and an available temperature range of energy generated from the carbon heater is adjusted. Therefore, according to the present invention, it is possible more efficiently cook foods, using the carbon heater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventors: Young Jun Lee, Yang Kyeong Kim
  • Patent number: 8939760
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to methods of cooling a substrate during rapid thermal processing. The methods generally include positioning a substrate in a chamber and applying heat to the substrate. After the temperature of the substrate is increased to a desired temperature, the substrate is rapidly cooled. Rapid cooling of the substrate is facilitated by increasing a flow rate of a gas through the chamber. Rapid cooling of the substrate is further facilitated by positioning the substrate in close proximity to a cooling plate. The cooling plate removes heat from substrate via conduction facilitated by gas located therebetween. The distance between the cooling plate and the substrate can be adjusted to create a turbulent gas flow therebetween, which further facilitates removal of heat from the substrate. After the substrate is sufficiently cooled, the substrate is removed from the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Jiping Li, Blake Koelmel, Aaron Muir Hunter, Wolfgang R. Aderhold
  • Patent number: 8929724
    Abstract: A high efficiency oven is disclosed. An exemplary high efficiency oven includes two or more infrared heating elements selected to generate different wavelengths in an oven cavity, a temperature sensor, and a system controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: J.C. Penney Purchasing Corporation, Inc.
    Inventor: Shawki H. Mograbi
  • Publication number: 20140374407
    Abstract: A heating apparatus comprising a support base and a microplate having a first surface and an opposing second surface. The microplate is positioned adjacent the support base and comprises a plurality of wells formed in the first surface thereof. Each of the plurality of wells is sized to receive an assay therein. A sapphire crystalline transparent window is positioned adjacent the microplate opposing the support base. A heating device heats the transparent window in response to a control system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 20, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Applicant: Applied Biosystems, LLC
    Inventors: Kirk HIRANO, Patrick Kinney, Douwe Haga, Jason Babcoke, Albert Carrillo, H. Pin Kao, James Nurse
  • Patent number: 8916803
    Abstract: The apparatus of this invention relates to a device for heating or cooking food or liquids such as soup, water, roast, etc. A downwardly curved visor-like deflector is selectively removably positioned outwardly of the upper end of the radiation disk of an infrared heater so as to extend outwardly therefrom. The deflector has an upwardly presented cooking utensil opening formed therein and a horizontally disposed cooking utensil support secured to the deflector at the inner surface thereof below the cooking utensil opening. The cooking utensil support dwells in a plane below the upper end of the radiation disk whereby infrared rays emitted from the radiation disk will impinge upon the cooking utensil support and a cooking utensil positioned on the cooking utensil support to cook or heat the contents thereof. Other accessories may also be attached to the heater such as a protective grill or a cooking basket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Inventor: James Zoucha
  • Patent number: 8907253
    Abstract: In a method for producing a I-III-VI compound semiconductor layer, a substrate is provided with a coating which has a metallic precursor layer. The coating is kept, for the duration of a process time, at temperatures of at least 350 degrees C. and the metallic precursor layer, in the presence of a chalcogen at an ambient pressure of between 500 mbar and 1500 mbar, is converted into a compound semiconductor layer. The coating is kept at temperatures for the duration of an activation time which attain at least an activation barrier temperature, whereby as the activation barrier temperature a value of at least 600° C. is selected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Centrotherm Photovoltaics AG
    Inventors: Immo Koetschau, Dieter Schmid
  • Patent number: 8901460
    Abstract: After flash irradiation on a semiconductor wafer is started and then the temperatures of front and back surfaces of the semiconductor wafer become equal to each other, the temperature of the back surface of the semiconductor wafer, which has a known emissivity, is measured with a radiation thermometer. The emissivity of the front surface of the semiconductor wafer is calculated based on the intensity of radiated light from a black body having an equal temperature to the temperature of the back surface thereof, and the intensity of radiated light actually radiated from the front surface of the semiconductor wafer. Then, the temperature of the front surface of the semiconductor wafer heated by the flash irradiation is calculated based on the calculated emissivity and the intensity of the radiated light from the front surface of the semiconductor wafer that has been measured after the flash irradiation is started.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Kazuyuki Hashimoto, Tatsufumi Kusuda
  • Patent number: 8901518
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide a heating assembly using a heat exchange device to cool a plurality of heating element. The heating assembly includes a plurality of heating elements, a cooling element having one or more cooling channels for receiving cooling fluid therein, and a heat exchange device disposed between the plurality of heating elements and the cooling element. The heat exchange device comprises a hot interface disposed adjacent to and in thermal contact with the plurality of heating elements and a cold interface disposed adjacent to and in thermal contact with the cooling element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph M. Ranish, Aaron Muir Hunter
  • Patent number: 8890037
    Abstract: An emitter tube has an outer surface and an inner surface, wherein the inner surface defines a cavity of the emitter tube, and the cavity of the emitter tube is adapted for receiving food. An outer tube has an inner surface that defines a cavity of the outer tube, and the emitter tube is positioned in the cavity of the outer tube. A heating unit is for heating the outer surface of the emitter tube so that heat energy is transferred by conduction from the outer surface of the emitter tube to the inner surface of the emitter tube, and the inner surface of the emitter tube emits infrared radiant energy into the cavity of the emitter tube so that a majority of the energy that is transferred to the food within the emitter tube is in the form of infrared radiant energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Char-Broil, LLC
    Inventor: Willie H. Best
  • Patent number: 8891948
    Abstract: A photodiode excellent in responsivity receives flashes of light emitted from flash lamps in the process of heating a semiconductor wafer by irradiation with flashes of light, and the waveform of the intensity of the flashes of light versus time is acquired using voltage data obtained from an output from the photodiode. Then, a temperature calculating part performs a heat conduction simulation using the acquired data to calculate the temperature of the semiconductor wafer irradiated with the flashes of light from the flash lamps. The temperature of the semiconductor wafer is computed using data corresponding to the intensity of the flashes of light obtained from the output from the photodiode. This allows the determination of the surface temperature of the semiconductor wafer irradiated with the flashes of light, irrespective of the waveform of the emission intensity of the flash lamps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsufumi Kusuda, Kazuyuki Hashimoto
  • Patent number: 8861944
    Abstract: In light-irradiation heating with a total irradiation time of one second or less, two-stage irradiation is performed, including a first stage of light irradiation of a semiconductor wafer, which irradiation produces an output waveform that reaches a peak at a given emission output; and a second stage of supplemental light irradiation of the semiconductor wafer, which irradiation is started after the peak, producing an emission output smaller than the above given emission output. The emission output in the second stage is two thirds or less than the above given emission output at the peak. The first-stage light-irradiation time is between 0.1 and 10 milliseconds, and the second-stage light-irradiation time is 5 milliseconds or more. This allows the temperature of the semiconductor wafer even at a somewhat greater depth below the surface to be raised to some extent while allowing the surface temperature to be maintained at a generally constant processing temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroki Kiyama, Kenichi Yokouchi
  • Patent number: 8835813
    Abstract: A light-emission output of a flash lamp for performing a light-irradiation heat treatment on a substrate in which impurities are implanted is increased up to a target value L1 over a period of time from 1 to 100 milliseconds, is kept for 5 to 100 milliseconds within a fluctuation range of plus or minus 30% from the target value L1, and is then attenuated from the target value L1 to zero over a period of time from 1 to 100 milliseconds. That is, compared with conventional flash lamp annealing, the light-emission output of the flash lamp is increased more gradually, is kept to be constant for a certain period of time, and is then decreased more gradually. As a result, a total heat amount of a surface of the substrate increases compared with the conventional case, but a surface temperature thereof rises more gradually and then drops more gradually compared with the conventional case.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd
    Inventor: Shinichi Kato
  • Patent number: 8837924
    Abstract: The present invention provides a vacuum heating/cooling apparatus capable of rapidly heating and also rapidly cooling only a substrate while a high vacuum degree is maintained after film-formation processing. The vacuum heating/cooling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a vacuum chamber (1), a halogen lamp (2) which emits heating light, a quartz window (3) for allowing the heating light to enter the vacuum chamber (1), a substrate supporting base (9) having a cooling function, and a lift pin (13) which causes the substrate (5) to stand still at a heating position P3 and a cooling position P1 and moves the substrate (5) between the heating position P3 and the cooling position P1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Canon Anelva Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Tsunekawa, Yoshinori Nagamine, Shinji Furukawa
  • Patent number: 8835812
    Abstract: A home appliance having an oven with a broil element, the home appliance including an appliance body; an oven cavity defined within the appliance body; a broil element mounted within the oven cavity; a broil element reflector mounted to a wall of the oven cavity; and a mounting arrangement formed integrally with the broil element reflector for mounting the broil element within the oven cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: BSH Home Appliances Corporation
    Inventors: Ben Braden, Charlie Hanna, Timothy Russell
  • Publication number: 20140238976
    Abstract: A heating apparatus comprising a support base and a microplate having a first surface and an opposing second surface. The microplate is positioned adjacent the support base and comprises a plurality of wells formed in the first surface thereof. Each of the plurality of wells is sized to receive an assay therein. A sapphire crystalline transparent window is positioned adjacent the microplate opposing the support base. A heating device heats the transparent window in response to a control system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 3, 2014
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: APPLIED BIOSYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventors: Kirk HIRANO, Patrick KINNEY, Douwe HAGA, Jason BABCOKE, Albert CARRILLO, H. Pin KAO, James NURSE
  • Patent number: 8816252
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus provide for: an electrically conductive heating element having a length extending in a lateral direction between first and second ends, and one or more output surfaces operating to direct heat therefrom in a direction transverse to the lateral direction; and a carrying structure operable to support a glass sheet such that a major surface of the glass sheet is oriented towards the heat emanating from the one or more output surfaces of the heating element, where the electrically conductive heating element includes at least one heat flux variation feature operating to produce differing magnitudes of heat to emanate from at least two of the output surfaces of the heating element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventor: Antoine G. D. Bisson
  • Patent number: 8816254
    Abstract: The apparatus of this invention relates to a device for heating or cooking food or liquids such as soup, water, roast, etc. A downwardly curved visor-like deflector is positioned at the upper end of a radiation disk of an infrared heater so as to extend outwardly therefrom. The deflector has an upwardly presented cooking utensil opening formed therein and a horizontally disposed cooking utensil support secured to the deflector at the inner surface thereof below the cooking utensil opening. The cooking utensil support dwells in a plane below the upper end of the radiation disk whereby infrared rays emitted from the radiation disk will impinge upon the cooking utensil support and a cooking utensil positioned on the cooking utensil support to cook or heat the contents thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Inventor: James Zoucha
  • Patent number: 8789459
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a food heating device includes a first platen and a first conveyor arranged and spaced to transport a food product between the first platen (501) and the first conveyor (503). A second platen (501) and a second conveyor (503) arranged and spaced to transport the food product (203) between the second platen (501) and the second conveyor (503). A first end of the first platen (501) is disposed near a first end of the second conveyor (503) and a first end of the first conveyor (503) is disposed near a first end of the second platen (501) such that the food product (203) is automatically transferred from the first platen (501) to the second platen (501).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Inventors: Terry Tae-Il Chung, Loren Veltrop, Brian Hee-Eun Lee, Donald Van Erden, Christopher B. Lyons
  • Patent number: 8787741
    Abstract: A semiconductor wafer in which a carbon thin film is formed on a surface of a silicon substrate implanted with impurities is irradiated with flash light emitted from flash lamps. Absorbing the flash light causes the temperature of the carbon thin film to increase. The surface temperature of the silicon substrate implanted with impurities is therefore increased to be higher than that in a case where no thin film is formed, and the sheet resistance value can be thereby decreased. When the semiconductor wafer with the carbon thin film formed thereon is irradiated with flash light in high concentration oxygen atmosphere, since the carbon of the thin film is oxidized to be vaporized, removal of the thin film is performed concurrently with flash heating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shinichi Kato
  • Patent number: 8781308
    Abstract: The back surface of a substrate having a front surface coated with a resist film is irradiated with flashes of light emitted from flash lamps. Heat conduction from the back surface of the substrate abruptly raised in temperature by the irradiation with flashes of light toward the front surface thereof occurs to heat the resist film formed on the front surface of the substrate, so that a post-applied bake process is performed. After the completion of the post-applied bake process, a cooling plate cools down the substrate. Regardless of the type of resist film formed on the front surface of the substrate, the substrate has a constant absorptance of flashes of light to allow the resist film to be heated to a constant treatment temperature, because the back surface of the substrate is irradiated with flashes of light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Sokudo Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masahiko Harumoto
  • Patent number: 8774611
    Abstract: A heating device for tempering preforms before processing in a stretch blow device. The heating device includes a heating alley with a plurality of infra red emitters, arranged parallel to the longitudinal axis of the tempered preforms. At least one back reflector and/or one filter is assigned to the infra red emitters, whereby the at least one back reflector and/or the at least one filter is segmented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Krones AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Schoenberger, Simon Fischer, Andreas Wutz, Jochen Hirdina, Christian Holzer
  • Patent number: 8756827
    Abstract: The current invention discloses a novel spray booth containing a plurality of spacers disposed on the walls or ceiling, and a plurality of fans attached to the spacers. A spacer allows a fan to be disposed at an angle and at a certain distance away from the wall or ceiling, allowing sufficient airflow for spraying or curing an object within the housing. Having fans emit airflow toward both the top and the sides of an object allows optimal coating and heating of the object. A ceiling fan may also be disposed within a plenum in the ceiling of the spray booth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: The Paint Booth Guys, Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew A. Calabro, James P. Calabro
  • Patent number: 8731385
    Abstract: An oven is configured with a cooking cavity for receiving a cooking load, a circuit for current supplied by one or more stored energy devices such as rechargeable batteries, and a heater comprising one or more radiant lamps to be driven by the current, the one or more radiant lamps being sized and positioned for heating the cooking load. The lamps are driven by current discharged from the batteries to radiantly heat a cooking load. An application of this stove configuration is in a toaster which is capable of toasting slices of bread in a matter of seconds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: De Luca Oven Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Nicholas P. De Luca
  • Patent number: 8720323
    Abstract: A toasting appliance includes a toasting chamber, a heating element for heating a foodstuff located within the toasting chamber, an optical system having a first light source for illuminating the foodstuff with light having a first wavelength and an optical receiver for detecting light reflected from the foodstuff. A second light source is provided for illuminating at least the optical receiver with light having a second wavelength different from the first wavelength. A controller varies the intensity of the light emitted from the second light source during a toasting operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Dyson Technology Limited
    Inventors: Paul Graham Douglas, Kevin Paul Byrne, Adrian Anthony Parsons