Acoustic Wave Type Generator Or Receiver Patents (Class 310/334)
  • Patent number: 10825980
    Abstract: A vibrating device includes a diaphragm, a piezoelectric element, and a wiring board. The piezoelectric element and the wiring board are bonded to a first principal plane of the diaphragm. The wiring board is electrically connected with the piezoelectric element. The piezoelectric element includes a piezoelectric element body, a plurality of internal electrodes, and a plurality of external electrodes. The piezoelectric element body has a second principal plane, a third principal plane, and a side surface. The third principal plane and the side surface are bonded to the first principal plane. The wiring board has a resin film, a plurality of conductors, and a coating film. The coating film is disposed on the plurality of conductors in such a way as to cover the plurality of conductors. One end portions of the plurality of conductors are exposed from the coating film and electrically connected with corresponding external electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: TDK CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kaoru Kijima, Tatsuya Taki, Kazushi Tachimoto, Toshiki Maruyama
  • Patent number: 10821474
    Abstract: Circuits, devices and methods generating an ultrasound pulse are provided herein. An ultrasound probe includes an array of transducer elements configured to transmit an ultrasound signal toward a target structure in a region of interest, and an array of pulse generators for driving a respective transducer element. Each of the pulse generators are coupled to a respective transducer element and include a driver circuit configured to receive a control signal and to output a driving signal, a switching element coupled to the driver circuit, and a resonant circuit coupled to the switching element and the respective transducer element, wherein the resonant circuit is configured to provide a transmit pulse to the respective transducer element based on the driving signal. The switching element may comprise a gallium nitride field effect transistor (GaN FET).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: EchoNous, Inc.
    Inventor: Ronald W. Broad
  • Patent number: 10809233
    Abstract: A backing component configured to receive and attenuate transmitted acoustic signals from a transducer element in an ultrasound probe is disclosed. The backing component has a unitary structure of a first material and a second material, and a variation in packing density of the first material across at least a portion of a thickness of the backing component. Further, a method of making a backing component for a transducer element in an ultrasound probe is disclosed. The method includes performing an additive manufacturing technique using a first material and a second material to form the backing component that has a unitary structure of the first material and the second material. Performing the additive manufacturing technique involves varying a packing density of the first material across at least a portion of thickness of the backing component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Jessica Lynn Abraham, Jimmie Autrey Beacham, Scott William Easterbrook
  • Patent number: 10802123
    Abstract: An ultrasound probe may include a mechanical transducer and a probe housing. The mechanical transducer may be rotatable about an axis. The mechanical transducer may be operable to acquire ultrasound image data at one or more rotational positions of a plurality of rotational positions. The probe housing may include a probe cap covering the mechanical transducer. The mechanical transducer may be directed toward the probe cap at each of the plurality of rotational positions. The probe cap may include a defined structure having a first thickness and a remainder portion having a second thickness different than the first thickness. In various embodiments, at least a portion of the defined structure is at a center section of the probe cap corresponding with a center rotational position of the mechanical transducer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Stefan Holl, Franz Steinbacher
  • Patent number: 10795042
    Abstract: An ultrasonic transducer may comprise a transducer body including a first face and a second face disposed on opposite sides of the transducer body, wherein the transducer body comprises a piezoelectric material; a first transducer edge disposed on the transducer body; and a second transducer edge disposed on the transducer body, wherein the first edge is disposed on the transducer body substantially opposite from the second edge, and wherein the first and second transducer edges intersect a perimeter of the transducer body, and wherein the first and second edge forms an angle no less than 3 degrees.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Jing Jin, Yao Ge
  • Patent number: 10770641
    Abstract: A piezoelectric element includes first and second electrodes, a first piezoelectric body layer, and a plurality of first through-hole conductors. The first and second electrodes oppose each other. The first piezoelectric body layer is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode. The plurality of first through-hole conductors penetrates the first piezoelectric body layer and is connected to the first electrode and the second electrode. When seen in an opposing direction of the first and second electrodes, the plurality of first through-hole conductors is arrayed in a matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: TDK CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshiki Ohta, Hideya Sakamoto, Kazushi Tachimoto, Nobuo Furukawa, Akihiro Takeda
  • Patent number: 10751755
    Abstract: An apparatus comprises an ultrasonic transducer having a first and second electrode and switches which configured to selectively connect the first and second electrodes to a transmit voltage source or to a receive amplifier. The switches are configured to selectively connect a first input of the amplifier to the first electrode of the transducer and to selectively connect a second input of the amplifier to the second electrode of the transducer. The switches are also configured to selectively connect the voltage source to the first and second electrodes of the transducer. The transducer may include a piezoelectric layer attached to and sandwiched between the first electrode and the second electrode, and a flexible membrane attached to the first electrode. The piezoelectric layer may be patterned to form an annular ring at the outer diameter of the flexible membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: Chirp Microsystems, Inc.
    Inventors: David A. Horsley, Andre Guedes, Meng-Hsiung Kiang, Richard Przybyla, Stefon Shelton
  • Patent number: 10736607
    Abstract: An integrated circuit array, in particular for two dimensional sensor arrays such as ultrasound imaging systems is disclosed. The integrated circuit array (10) comprises a plurality of integrated circuit elements (12) each formed in a substrate (14), wherein the substrates are separated from each other. The array comprises a flexible and/or stretchable connection layer (22) connected to the integrated circuit elements for flexibly connecting the integrated circuit elements to each other. The array further comprises a plurality of electrical interconnects (18) for electrically connecting the integrated circuit elements to each other, wherein the electrical interconnects are formed as metal lines in one piece with integrated interconnects of the integrated circuit elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventors: Ronald Dekker, Vincent Adrianus Henneken, Angel Metodiev Savov
  • Patent number: 10730074
    Abstract: A piezoelectric transducer comprises a piezoelectric element operable to transduce mechanical movement of the piezoelectric element to an electrical signal and to transduce an electrical signal in the piezoelectric element to a mechanical movement thereof, wherein the piezoelectric transducer is operable to transduce above a temperature of 200° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: Ionix Advanced Technologies Ltd
    Inventors: Timothy James Stevenson, Timothy Paul Alistair Comyn
  • Patent number: 10727802
    Abstract: A method for the batch production of acoustic wave filters comprises: synthesizing N theoretical filters, each filter defined by a set of j theoretical resonator(s) having a triplet C0ij,eq, ?rij,eq and ?aij,eq, these parameters grouped into subsets; determining a reference resonator structure for each subset, naturally having a resonant frequency ?r,ref, where ?aij,eq<?r,ref<?rij,eq; determining, for each theoretical resonator, an elementary building block comprising an intermediate resonator R?ij, a parallel reactance Xpij and/or a series reactance Xsij, the intermediate resonator R?ij having a triplet C0ij, ?r,ref and ?a,ref, the parameters C0ij, Xpij and/or Xsij defined so the elementary building block has a triplet: C0ij,eq, ?rij,eq and ?aij,eq; determining the geometrical dimensions of the actual resonators Rij of the filters so they have a capacitance C0ij; producing each actual resonator; associating series and/or parallel reactances with actual resonators in order to form the elementary buildin
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
    Inventors: Alexandre Reinhardt, Jean-Baptiste David
  • Patent number: 10716542
    Abstract: Ultrasound transducer assemblies and associated systems and method are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, an ultrasound transducer assembly includes at least one matching layer overlies a transducer layer. A plurality of kerfs extends at least into the matching layer. In some aspects, the kerfs are at least partially filled with a filler material that includes microballoons and/or microspheres.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2020
    Assignee: FUJIFILM SONOSITE, INC.
    Inventors: Wei Li, Gregg Frey, Simon Hsu
  • Patent number: 10707404
    Abstract: In a piezoelectric element, internal stress generated in an inactive portion at the time of sintering when a piezoelectric element is fabricated or stress applied from the outside to the inactive portion is absorbed by a recess of a lower surface of a first through hole conductor and a recess of an upper surface of a second through hole conductor. Accordingly, for example, deformation, rupture, or the like of the through hole conductor is prevented, and conduction failure or disconnection of an electrode layer or a through hole conductor is prevented. Further, in the inactive portion, since a protrusion of the piezoelectric layer enters the recess of the through hole conductor, a holding force of the piezoelectric layer with respect to the through hole conductor increases, and deformation of the through hole conductor is prevented or obstructed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: TDK CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshiki Ohta, Satoshi Sasaki, Yoshiaki Ohta, Takahiro Kezuka, Katsuya Inaba, Rin Sato, Kazushi Tachimoto, Masayoshi Inoue, Yuzo Komatsu
  • Patent number: 10705656
    Abstract: A system and method for ultrasonic sensing, wherein an ultrasonic receiver array includes multiple ultrasonic sensor pixels, and each sensor pixel includes an ultrasonic receiver configured to read an ultrasonic signal. An ultrasonic transmitter array, composed of multiple elements, transmits ultrasonic signals which may be reflected from an object and received at the ultrasonic receivers, wherein a sensor controller applies excitation signals to the transmitter array with a temporal delay between excitation signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: James Anthony Miranto, Jack Conway Kitchens, Stephen Michael Gojevic
  • Patent number: 10674996
    Abstract: Sold-state intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging devices, systems, and methods are provided. Some embodiments of the present disclosure are particularly directed to compact and efficient circuit architectures and electrical interfaces for an ultrasound transducer array used in a solid-state IVUS system. In one embodiment, an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) device includes: a flexible elongate member; an ultrasound scanner assembly disposed at a distal portion of the flexible elongate member, the ultrasound scanner assembly including an ultrasound transducer array; an interface coupler disposed at a proximal portion of the flexible elongate member; and a cable disposed within and extending along a length of the flexible elongate member between the ultrasound scanner assembly and the interface coupler. The cable includes four conductors electrically coupling the ultrasound scanner assembly and the interface coupler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: PHILIPS IMAGE GUIDED THERAPY CORPORATION
    Inventor: Paul Douglas Corl
  • Patent number: 10677643
    Abstract: The a vibration sensor comprising a membrane that can be stimulated so as to oscillate by means of a piezoelectric drive, and a mechanical oscillator arranged on the membrane, at least one piezoelectric element of the drive comprising at least one first electrical contact structure on an upper side of the piezoelectric element and at least one second electrical contact structure on a lower side of the piezoelectric element, such that the at least one piezoelectric element is designed so that an active area of the piezoelectric element corresponds to an area of a mechanical deformation of the unidirectional curvature of the membrane, during a pre-defined eigenmode of the mechanical oscillator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: Vega Grieshaber KG
    Inventors: Volker Allgaier, Holger Gruhler, Dominik Fehrenbach
  • Patent number: 10680161
    Abstract: An electronic device may have input devices and/or output devices based on piezoelectric components. Piezoelectric components may include piezoelectric ink in which particles of piezoelectric material are dispersed in a binder. The piezoelectric ink may be printed or otherwise deposited onto a substrate to form piezoelectric ink traces. The piezoelectric ink traces may be deposited on flexible substrates such as elastic speaker diaphragms or flexible fabric layers. The piezoelectric traces may be part of a key in a keyboard or a stand-alone button. In arrangements where the piezoelectric trace forms part of a key in a keyboard, the piezoelectric trace may be coupled to a grid of horizontal and vertical signal lines. The signal lines may convey key press data from the piezoelectric trace to control circuitry and/or may supply control signals from the control circuitry to the piezoelectric trace to produce haptic output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventor: Shravan Bharadwaj
  • Patent number: 10658563
    Abstract: An ultrasound transducer used in an ultrasound system and a manufacturing method thereof includes: a backing block; a piezoelectric layer placed on the backing block; a matching layer placed on the piezoelectric layer; and a ground layer placed between the piezoelectric layer and the matching layer. The backing layer includes a connector that connects a transmitting unit and a receiving unit of an ultrasound system, and a wiring area that connects the piezoelectric layer and the connector. The wiring area is formed by etching and filling with metal material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc.
    Inventors: DuYeop Kim, KyungHo Lee, SeungHee Lee
  • Patent number: 10654071
    Abstract: An ultrasonic element array includes a first piezoelectric element, a second piezoelectric element, a third piezoelectric element, and a fourth piezoelectric element each having a piezoelectric material sandwiched by a first electrode and a second electrode, a first wire connecting the second electrode of the first piezoelectric element and the second electrode of the second piezoelectric element, a second wire connecting the second electrode of the third piezoelectric element and the second electrode of the fourth piezoelectric element, a third wire connecting to the second wire over the first wire, and an insulating film located between the first wire and the third wire, wherein the insulating film has an inorganic insulating film made of an inorganic material and an organic insulating film made of an organic material, and the inorganic insulating film covers the piezoelectric elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventor: Chikara Kojima
  • Patent number: 10651792
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a film bulk acoustic resonator and a field effect transistor. The film bulk acoustic resonator includes first and second electrodes separated by a piezoelectric material. The piezoelectric material is configured such that the application of a potential difference between the first and second electrodes enables the generation of an acoustic wave and associated surface charge in the piezoelectric material. The field effect transistor includes a channel, and source and drain electrodes configured to enable a flow of electrical current through the channel when a potential difference is applied between the source and drain electrodes. The surface charge generated in the piezoelectric material induces a corresponding charge in the first electrode causing a variation in the electrical current flowing through the channel via a portion of the first electrode, the variation in electrical current producing an output signal having a frequency corresponding to that of the acoustic wave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignee: Nokia Technologies Oy
    Inventor: Allan Colli
  • Patent number: 10641913
    Abstract: A reaction mass seismic survey source that is located in an underground casing. The seismic source includes a non-planar base plate; a reaction mass located on the non-planar base plate; and a flextensional element housed in a recess of the reaction mass and configured to vibrate the non-planar base plate when actuated, to generate seismic waves underground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: CGG SERVICES SAS
    Inventors: François-Xavier Gresillon, Eric Forgues
  • Patent number: 10610201
    Abstract: An ultrasonic probe includes: a piezoelectric element that transmits and receives an ultrasonic wave; one or a plurality of acoustic matching layers disposed on a subject side of the piezoelectric element; and a conductor layer that applies a voltage to the piezoelectric element, wherein the conductor layer is disposed between the piezoelectric element and the acoustic matching layer, or between the plurality of acoustic matching layers, a magnitude of an acoustic impedance of the conductor layer is between a magnitude of an acoustic impedance of a layer disposed on one surface side of the conductor layer and a magnitude of an acoustic impedance of a layer disposed on the other surface side of the conductor layer, and the conductor layer has a Vickers hardness (Hv) of 50 or more and 600 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventors: Tatsuya Naito, Koetsu Saito, Hisashi Minemoto
  • Patent number: 10603689
    Abstract: A structure that prevents a substrate from being warped is provided on a region or a location other than a membrane that determines the characteristics of a CMUT. In a CMUT in a structure in which a first conductive layer and a second conductive layer are provided sandwiching a cavity on a substrate, for example, as a warpage prevention structure, a warpage prevention layer that prevents the substrate from being warped is provided between the substrate and the first conductive film. When the insulating film disposed between the cavity and the first conductive film and the insulating film disposed between the cavity and the second conductive film are silicon oxide films, the warpage prevention layer includes a silicon nitride film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shuntaro Machida, Daisuke Ryuzaki, Tatsuya Nagata, Naoaki Yamashita, Yuko Hanaoka, Yasuhiro Yoshimura
  • Patent number: 10595826
    Abstract: A heart rate monitor provides a pulse or heartbeat, but without the on-going or continuous phase signal of ECG and/or with a delay relative to the actual heartbeat. For phase determination in echocardiography, the heartbeat from the heart rate monitor is used to assist in identification of phase from acquired ultrasound data. Rather than relying on just ECG or just image processing, the worn or handheld heart rate monitor is used to simplify the image process-based identification of phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc.
    Inventors: Liang Zhai, Wilko Wilkening
  • Patent number: 10592019
    Abstract: An electronic device includes: a top panel having a manipulation surface; a position detector configured to detect a position of a manipulation input performed on the manipulation surface; a vibrating element; and a drive controlling part configured to drive the vibrating element for generating a natural vibration in an ultrasound frequency band at the manipulation surface such that an intensity of the natural vibration is changed in accordance with the position of the manipulation input performed on the manipulation surface and a time change degree of the position, wherein a width of the vibrating element in a direction in which an amplitude of the natural vibration changes is set based on a ratio between a flexural rigidity of the top panel and a flexural rigidity of the top panel and the vibrating element at a portion where the vibrating element is attached to the top panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: FUJITSU LIMITED
    Inventors: Akinori Miyamoto, Yuichi Kamata, Kiyoshi Taninaka, Yasuhiro Endo
  • Patent number: 10575815
    Abstract: Sold-state intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging devices, systems, and methods are provided. Some embodiments of the present disclosure are particularly directed to compact and efficient circuit architectures and electrical interfaces for an ultrasound transducer array used in a solid-state IVUS system. In one embodiment, an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) device includes: a flexible elongate member; an ultrasound scanner assembly disposed at a distal portion of the flexible elongate member, the ultrasound scanner assembly including an ultrasound transducer array; an interface coupler disposed at a proximal portion of the flexible elongate member; and a cable disposed within and extending along a length of the flexible elongate member between the ultrasound scanner assembly and the interface coupler. The cable includes four conductors electrically coupling the ultrasound scanner assembly and the interface coupler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: PHILIPS IMAGE GUIDED THERAPY CORPORATION
    Inventor: Paul Douglas Corl
  • Patent number: 10569303
    Abstract: An ultrasonic transducer includes a housing and a piezo element. The piezo element is inserted into a cavity of the housing and the housing has a covering which covers the cavity. A spring element is disposed between the covering and the piezo element. The spring element applies a spring force onto the piezo element and the covering has a plurality of conductor tracks or paths which contact through or plate through the covering. An assembly for insertion into the housing and a method for assembling an ultrasonic transducer are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Assignee: Systec Controls Mess- ung Regeltechnik GmbH
    Inventor: Oliver Betz
  • Patent number: 10575087
    Abstract: Provided are a pickup sensor and a biological sensor that are small-sized and can detect micro vibration efficiently and stably with high accuracy. The pickup sensor includes an electroacoustic converter film including: a piezoelectric polymer composite in which piezoelectric particles are dispersed in a viscoelastic matrix that is formed of a polymer material having viscoelasticity at normal temperature; two thin film electrodes that are laminated on opposite surfaces of the piezoelectric polymer composite, respectively; and a protective layer that is laminated on at least one of the two thin film electrodes, in which at least a part of a surface of the electroacoustic converter film is an abutting surface that abuts against a test object, and the thin film electrode on a surface opposite to the abutting surface is grounded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Tetsu Miyoshi, Jun Sato
  • Patent number: 10561396
    Abstract: Provided are an ultrasonic probe capable of forming an image without degradation even when the frequency band of a photoacoustic wave and the frequency band of an ultrasonic wave used in ultrasonography are separated from each other, and an inspection object imaging apparatus including the ultrasonic probe. The ultrasonic probe includes a first array device capable of transmitting and receiving an ultrasonic wave; and a second array device capable of receiving a photoacoustic wave. The first array device includes plural electromechanical transducers arranged in a direction perpendicular to a scanning direction, the second array device includes plural electromechanical transducers arranged in a two-dimensional manner, and the first array device and the second array device are provided on the same plane and in the scanning direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Someda, Keishi Saito, Yasufumi Asao, Katsumi Nakagawa, Shigeru Ichihara
  • Patent number: 10513428
    Abstract: What is described is a MEMS device comprising a piezoelectric actuator, which includes a film of piezoelectric material. The film is penetrated by a plurality of holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2019
    Assignee: STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L.
    Inventor: Domenico Giusti
  • Patent number: 10488370
    Abstract: An ultrasound sensor includes a substrate having an opening portion, a diaphragm that blocks the opening portion, and an ultrasound element including a first electrode, a piezoelectric layer, and a second electrode that is laminated on the substrate. The first electrode, piezoelectric layer, and the second electrode are laminated onto the substrate on a side opposite of the opening portion of the diaphragm and overlap to form an active portion. A movable portion of the diaphragm is oscillatable by the active portion and a resonance frequency adjustment portion for adjusting a resonance frequency of the movable portion is provided on a lateral side of the active portion opposing the movable portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventor: Chikara Kojima
  • Patent number: 10471471
    Abstract: The present application provides a multilayer lateral mode coupling method for phased array construction and transducer devices built accordingly. This disclosure describes and demonstrates that the electrical impedance of a phased array can be substantially reduced and readily controlled to be close to the source impedance. The fabrication process is relatively simple and inexpensive. In addition, the elements are robust for use in 1.5, 2, 3 or other dimensional configurations, over an extended period of operation, without structural failure, and providing a high power output required for imaging and/or medical therapy applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: SUNNYBROOK RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Kullervo Hynynen, Junho Song
  • Patent number: 10465507
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and techniques for controlling voltage applied across a piezoelectric stack of a downhole acoustic transmitter. At least one of the temperature of the stack and the compressive stress applied to the stack is monitored. At least one of the temperature of the stack and the compressive stress applied to the stack is compared to a temperature threshold and a stress threshold, respectively. When the stack signal is an alternating voltage signal and when at least one of the temperature of the stack and the compressive stress applied to the stack respectively exceeds the temperature threshold and the stress threshold, the stack signal is modified such that a negative polarity portion of the stack signal has a maximum magnitude less than a magnitude of a negative polarity limit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: BAKER HUGHES OILFIELD OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventor: John Godfrey McRory
  • Patent number: 10458955
    Abstract: In an ultrasonic transducer assembly, a conformable ultrasonic transducer has a piezoelectric layer and electrodes able to conform to curved surfaces, and a clamp for pressing the transducer into ultrasonic contact with a curved surface. Conformability is ensured with a thin, porous piezoelectric layer and suitable electrical conductors and insulators. The ultrasonic transducer may operate without further thermal shielding under harsh environments and/or at high temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
    Inventor: Silvio E. Kruger
  • Patent number: 10441974
    Abstract: An ultrasonic transducer and an ultrasonic probe including the same are provided. The ultrasonic transducer includes a piezoelectric layer configured to convert an electric signal and an ultrasound into each other, and a dematching layer having a uniform thickness, the dematching layer being arranged on a partial region of the piezoelectric layer and configured to reflect the second ultrasound wave that is incident on the dematching layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: SAMSUNG MEDISON CO., LTD.
    Inventors: In-seong Song, Dong-hyun Kim, Gil-ju Jin
  • Patent number: 10429354
    Abstract: An ultrasound device for checking the quality of a composite material structure during the production cycle. Preferably, the device is incorporated into a production tooling performing the LRI process in which the composite material structure is placed between two molds during the production cycle. A layer of piezoelectric material is deposited on the face of one of the molds, opposite the face which is in contact with the structure. One face of an electrically insulating flexible material film is placed against the outer face of the piezoelectric material layer. The face of the film further includes conductive pads in contact with the piezoelectric material layer. Each pad is energized by electric voltage applied by a conductive strip. Each pad forms an independent ultrasonic transducer with the region of the piezoelectric material layer opposite of its placement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: AIRBUS
    Inventors: Stéphane Auffray, Hubert Voillaume
  • Patent number: 10420960
    Abstract: Embodiments of a dermatological cosmetic treatment and imaging system and method can include use of transducer to simultaneously or substantially simultaneously produce multiple cosmetic treatment zones in tissue. The system can include a hand wand, a removable transducer module, a control module, and/or graphical user interface. In some embodiments, the cosmetic treatment system may be used in cosmetic procedures, including brow lifts, fat reduction, sweat reduction, and treatment of the décolletage. Skin tightening, lifting and amelioration of wrinkles and stretch marks are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: Ulthera, Inc.
    Inventor: Charles D. Emery
  • Patent number: 10413272
    Abstract: A medical instrument includes a printed ultrasound sensor, a surface, at least one non-conductive material, and at least one pair of contacts. The ultrasound sensor includes an array of ultrasound transducers printed on a non-conductive surface of the medical instrument. The medical instrument contains multiple conductive and nonconductive layers. The at least one pair of contacts are electrically coupled to the ultrasound sensor and operably coupled to the conductive layer, the conductive layer coupled to a measurement device, which converts electrical signals from the ultrasound sensor into images displayed on a display unit. The location of the medical instrument can be visualized in real time on the display unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: COVIDIEN LP
    Inventors: Keith E. Jasperson, H. Aaron Christmann, Michael R. Weisenberger
  • Patent number: 10399867
    Abstract: Apparatus for controlling algae and bio-organisms in bodies of fluids, such as water. The algae control system includes a power unit and a transducer unit that includes a sonic head that radiates in multiple directions. The power unit connects to various power sources, including a mains supply connection, a solar panel array, and/or a battery. The power unit is electrically connected to the transducer unit. The sonic head includes a driver and a transducer subassembly. The driver excites the transducer subassembly to emit ultrasonic waves at various frequencies in the water surrounding the sonic head. Emissions at a high density of frequencies are enabled by the transducers. The frequencies include the critical structural resonant frequency for each microorganism to be controlled. The power unit and driver each include a processor in communication with each other. The processors store and execute a program for a selected application configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Inventor: Antonio Trigiani
  • Patent number: 10401328
    Abstract: A method for efficiently achieving full-matrix ultrasonic data capture which includes the steps of providing an ultrasound array apparatus, the ultrasound array apparatus further comprising a probe, collecting data over a plurality of inspection locations, generating a plurality of data matrices, each of the data matrices reflecting data collected at the locations, and collecting, initially, a subset of a quantity of data needed for reconstruction of each of the inspection locations. In the method, as the probe moves from collection location to collection location, a data matrix at a prior collection location is gradually filled in as the probe moves to subsequent collection locations. In certain embodiments physical scanning of a probe with few elements is replaced by electronically scanning using an array with many elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: BWXT Technical Services, Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven J. Younghouse, Daniel T. MacLauchlan, Nicholas J. Borchers
  • Patent number: 10390793
    Abstract: A backing element of a ultrasonic probe, a backing layer of a ultrasonic probe, and a manufacturing method thereof, the backing layer formed by arranging a plurality of members each having a shape of a polygonal column in a one-dimensional manner or in a two-dimensional manner while each of the plurality of members is provided with a conductive trace formed at one side surface thereof, thereby electrically connecting an ultrasonic transducer array, which is being acoustically connected to the backing layer, in a further simple and definite manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Samsung Medison Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Gil-ju Jin
  • Patent number: 10378939
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method for manufacturing an ultrasonic transducer by exciting the sound wave via an electromechanical transducer disposed on a sensor body, determining a current propagation velocity of the sound wave on an exit surface of the sensor body, determining the difference between the current propagation velocity and the desired propagation velocity of the sound wave on the exit surface, determining difference between speed of sound in the sensor body and a desired speed of sound, removing material in the region of the exit surface of the sensor body, wherein the remaining material is dimensioned such that the current propagation speed of the sound wave on the exit surface of the sensor body, and/or the delay caused by the speed of sound in the sensor body, at least approximately agrees with the desired propagation speed of the sound wave on the exit surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Endress+Hauser Flowtec AG
    Inventors: Achim Wiest, Andreas Berger
  • Patent number: 10368839
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a unit ultrasonic wave probe, an ultrasonic wave probe module, and an ultrasonic wave probe device. The unit ultrasonic probe according to the present invention includes: a rear block part; a flexible substrate part arranged on the top of the rear block part; and a piezoelectric wafer arranged on the top of and electrically connected with the flexible substrate part, the wafer being formed to have a smaller size than the rear block part, so that even if increasing the number of piezoelectric wafers transversely, the number of channels is increased by depositing the unit ultrasonic wave probe including the piezoelectric wafer, thus preventing the cost from geometrically increasing because of the structure of the flexible substrate becoming complex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: HUMANSCAN CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Wonseop Park
  • Patent number: 10350650
    Abstract: An ultrasonic cleaning apparatus comprising: a tank for in use receiving a cleaning liquid and an item to be cleaned; a plurality of transducers arranged, when driven, to direct ultrasonic pressure waves into the tank; and a controller arranged in use to drive the transducers. First and second transducers from the plurality of transducers are arranged in use to direct ultrasonic pressure waves into an overlapping volume; and the controller is arranged in use to drive the first and second transducers to produce ultrasonic pressure waves at different frequencies from each other. The controller is arranged to in use produce first and second drive signals for the transducers using first and second frequency generators to each switch between primary and secondary operation, with the sequential switching taking place to cause different combinations of primary and secondary operation for the first and second frequency generators to occur over time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: ALPHASONICS (ULTRASONIC CLEANING SYSTEMS) LTD.
    Inventors: David Stanley Jones, Neil Hodgson
  • Patent number: 10328463
    Abstract: Methods and devices are provided for suppressing reverberations within an ultrasound transducer with a backing whereby the backing may not sufficiently attenuate the acoustic energy by means of acoustic absorption and scattering alone. At least a portion of a surface of the backing is segmented into a plurality of levels defined by surface segments. The levels may be are spatially offset so that acoustic reflections from the segmented surface are spread out in time, thereby decreasing the net amplitude of the internally reflected waves as they interact with the piezoelectric layer. Adjacent (neighboring) levels may be spatially offset by a longitudinal distance equaling approximately an odd number multiple of a quarter of an operational wavelength of the transducer, so that destructive interference occurs from acoustic waves reflected from adjacent levels. Various example configurations of segmented surfaces are described, and methods for selecting a profile of a segmented surface are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: SUNNYBROOK HEALTH SCIENCES CENTRE
    Inventors: Marc Lukacs, Brian Courtney, Chelsea Munding
  • Patent number: 10324063
    Abstract: A method of measuring a property of a medium using ultrasound, comprising: transmitting one or more ultrasound pulses into the medium from one or more transmitters and receiving at least a first echo signal and a second echo signal from within the medium at one or more receivers, wherein the first and second echo signals correspond to first and second pulse transmission paths within the medium from the one or more sources to the one or more receivers, the second path being different from the first path; and using the characteristics of the first and second echo signals together with an estimate of the property of the medium and a geometrical relationship between the first and second transmission paths to calculate a revised estimate of said property of the medium. By using two different beam paths within the medium, the first and second echoes will have had slightly different interactions with the medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Tomod Selbekk
    Inventor: Tormod Selbekk
  • Patent number: 10315223
    Abstract: The present invention provides a transverse width mode for sound and ultrasound generation and reception. The transverse width mode can be combined with conventional longitudinal or transverse mode to make sonic and ultrasonic transducers and/or arrays of multiple resonant modes, a broadband coupled mode or their combinations. Due to its half-wavelength resonance nature, when the transverse width mode is designed to operate with suitable head mass and/or matching layers, ultra broadband transducers of moderate to high sound pressure level can be realized. With active materials having low transverse sound velocities, the transverse dimensions of each transducer element can be kept about or smaller than half the wavelengths of sounds in water and human tissues, making the transverse width mode highly suited for various array designs and operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: MICROFINE MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD.
    Inventors: Shuangjie Zhang, Dian-Hua Lin
  • Patent number: 10308557
    Abstract: There are provided a lead- and potassium-free piezoelectric material that has a high Curie temperature and a high mechanical quality factor and is stable in long-term driving and a piezoelectric element including the lead- and potassium-free piezoelectric material. A piezoelectric material containing a perovskite-type metal oxide having the general formula (1): NaxBa1-yNbyZr1-yO3 wherein x satisfies 0.85?x?0.96 and y satisfies 0.90?y?0.96 and a piezoelectric element including the piezoelectric material. The piezoelectric material may include the perovskite-type metal oxide and Cu, and the Cu content corresponds to 2.00 mol % or less of the amount of the perovskite-type metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shunsuke Murakami, Takayuki Watanabe, Miki Ueda
  • Patent number: 10299765
    Abstract: An ultrasound probe includes: an ultrasound input/output unit to output a transmission ultrasound to a test object by a pulse signal; and a signal input/output unit to output a reception signal when the ultrasound input/output unit receives a reflected ultrasound from the test object, wherein the ultrasound probe is set so that a difference between maximum and minimum values of a group delay in a transmission/reception frequency band at ?20 dB of the ultrasonic probe is equal to or less than 0.15 radian, the group delay being obtained from a phase difference for each frequency between the input pulse signal and the reception signal obtained from the reflected ultrasound of the transmission ultrasound output by the pulse signal, or so that a standard deviation of the group delay in the transmission/reception frequency band at ?20 dB of the ultrasonic probe is equal to or less than 0.025.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventor: Tetsuya Taniguchi
  • Patent number: 10292682
    Abstract: A method of generating an ultrasound elastic image includes: inducing a shear wave that propagates in a second direction by transmitting a first ultrasound signal including a push signal to an object in a first direction, by a curved array probe; transmitting a second ultrasound signal to the object and receiving an echo signal reflected by the object in response to the second ultrasound signal, via the curved array probe; and generating an elastic image of the object by using the received echo signal. The second ultrasound signal includes a plane wave having a straight line waveform parallel to the second direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Ki-wan Choi, Jun-ho Park, Hyoung-ki Lee
  • Patent number: 10287446
    Abstract: A novel ferroelectric ink comprising multiphase Barium Strontium Titanate (BST) in a polymer composite is described. The ink can be employed using direct-ink writing techniques to print high dielectric constant, low loss, and electrostatically-tunable dielectrics on substrates. The substrates can be flexible such as plastics or rigid, such as substrates comprising semiconductor materials or ceramics and the like. The dielectric ink is made by suspending pre-sintered nano/submicron-sized particles of BST in a thermoplastic polymer with a solvent. After printing with the ink, a low temperature curing process is performed at temperatures below 200° C., a temperature too low to sinter BST. Fully printed devices, such as a varactor and a phase shifter using direct ink writing methodologies are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: University of Massachusetts
    Inventors: Mahdi Haghzadeh, Alkim Akyurtlu, Craig Armiento