With Amplifier Connected To Or Between Current Paths Patents (Class 323/316)
  • Patent number: 10429878
    Abstract: A test device is provided. An output terminal of an operational amplifier is coupled to a device under test. A current replication circuit copies a current flowing through a charging circuit and a discharge circuit according to voltages of control terminals of the charging circuit and the discharge circuit in the operational amplifier and outputs a test result signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: eMemory Technology Inc.
    Inventor: Yu Wu
  • Patent number: 10416702
    Abstract: A first current proportional to absolute temperature flows in a first current line through a first p-n junction and a second p-n junction arranged in series. A cascaded arrangement of p-n junctions is coupled to the second p-n junction and includes a further p-n junction with a current flowing therethrough that has a third order proportionality on absolute temperature. A differential circuit has a first input coupled to the further p-n junction and a second input coupled to a current mirror from the first p-n junction, with the differential circuit configured to generate a bandgap voltage with a low temperature drift from a sum of first voltage (that is PTAT) derived from the first current and a second voltage (that is PTAT3) derived from the third current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: STMicroelectronic S.r.l.
    Inventors: Germano Nicollini, Stefano Polesel
  • Patent number: 10401888
    Abstract: A low-dropout voltage regulator (LDO) apparatus is disclosed. In an embodiment, the LDO apparatus includes a voltage input connectable to a power supply, an error amplifier coupled to the voltage input and configured to receive a reference signal and a feedback signal and to generate an output control signal dependent on the reference signal and the feedback signal, and a pass transistor coupled to the error amplifier and configured to receive the output control signal of the error amplifier and to provide an output current dependent on the output control signal. The LDO apparatus further includes a detection circuit coupled to the voltage input and configured to provide an output signal on its output and a bias generator coupled to the output of the detection circuit and configured to provide a bias current on a bias input of the current adjusting circuit of the error amplifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: TDK Corporation
    Inventors: Lei Zou, Gino Rocca
  • Patent number: 10381051
    Abstract: A charge pump driver circuit (320) arranged to output a charge pump control signal (325). The charge pump driver circuit (320) includes a bias current source component (330) arranged to generate a bias current (335), a control stage (340) and an output stage (350). The control stage (340) is coupled to the bias current source component (330) and arranged to receive the bias current (335). The control stage (340) is further arranged to receive an input signal (215) and to generate a control current signal (345) proportional to the bias current (335) in accordance with the input signal (215). The output stage (350) is arranged to receive the control current signal (345) generated by the control stage (340) and to generate the charge pump control voltage signal (325) based on the control current signal (345) generated by the control stage (340). The bias current source component (330) is arranged to vary the bias current (335) in response to variations in temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: NXP USA, INC.
    Inventors: Birama Goumballa, Cristian Pavao Moreira, Pierre Pascal Savary
  • Patent number: 10359801
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a voltage reference generator without temperature dependency. The disclosed voltage reference generator includes a precursor voltage generator and a voltage extractor. The precursor voltage generator is configured to provide a base-emitter voltage, a proportional-to-absolute-temperature (PTAT) voltage, and a nonlinear (NL) voltage. The voltage extractor is configured to scale and sum the base-emitter voltage, the NL voltage, and the PTAT voltage and provide an output voltage, such that linear temperature dependent components and nonlinear temperature dependent components within the base-emitter voltage, the NL voltage, and the PTAT voltage are not included in the output voltage, which is temperature independent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Degang James Chen, Zhiqiang Liu
  • Patent number: 10353414
    Abstract: In some examples, a bandgap reference circuit comprises a first bandgap pair having multiple first diodes and a first resistor positioned between the multiple first diodes. The circuit also comprises a second bandgap pair having multiple second diodes and a second resistor positioned between the multiple second diodes, the second bandgap pair being an inverted form of the first bandgap pair. The circuit further comprises a scaling resistor coupled to the first and second bandgap pairs. The circuit still further comprises an operational amplifier coupled to the first and second bandgap pairs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Sandeep Shylaja Krishnan
  • Patent number: 10345833
    Abstract: A current to be supplied to a load driven by the current is linearly controlled in accordance with a voltage. A voltage-current converter according to the present invention includes a differential amplifier, a first current mirror, and a voltage setting unit. The differential amplifier receives an input voltage from an input terminal and outputs a voltage in accordance with a difference between the input voltage and a threshold voltage. The first current mirror receives the voltage from the differential amplifier and outputs an output current to an output terminal. The voltage setting unit sets the threshold voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Yo Habu, Mitsutaka Hano
  • Patent number: 10317925
    Abstract: At least some embodiments are directed to a system comprising a capacitor coupled to a voltage supply rail and configured to carry a capacitor current that comprises first and second parts. The capacitor current is an alternating current (AC). A first current mirror component may couple to the capacitor and to the voltage supply rail and is configured to carry the first part of the capacitor current. A second current mirror component couples to the voltage supply rail and is configured to carry the second part of the capacitor current. The second part of the capacitor current is proportionally related to the first part of the capacitor current. A circuit couples to the second current mirror component. The capacitor and the first and second current mirror components are configured to attenuate a common mode noise current flowing to the circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Nitin Agarwal, Rajavelu Thinakaran, Sumit Dubey
  • Patent number: 10310526
    Abstract: An low dropout regulator and method that has reduced quiescent current consumption is presented. The voltage regulator circuit comprises an output terminal, a first circuit branch connected between an input voltage level and the output terminal, a second circuit branch connected between the input voltage level and a predetermined voltage level, a first current mirror for mirroring a current flowing in the second circuit branch to the first circuit branch, a first feedback circuit to regulate the output voltage, and a second feedback circuit for controlling the second switching element. The second feedback circuit comprises a current sensing means for sensing a current that depends on a current flowing in the first circuit branch and to control the second switching element such that the current flowing through the second circuit branch is limited to a current that depends on the current sensed by the current sensing means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: Dialog Semiconductor (UK) Limited
    Inventors: Slawomir Malinowski, Robert Goslawski
  • Patent number: 10298748
    Abstract: The present subject matter relates to one or more devices, systems and/or methods for generating sealing current at a customer's premises or residence and injecting the sealing current into a DSL service provider's telephone cables to prevent the oxidation or corrosion of wire splices or connections on the telephone cables transporting DSL services. A cable pair stabilizer unit is connected at the customer's premises or residence, between the service provider's telephone cables and the customer's residential gateway/modem. The cable pair stabilizer unit comprises circuitry for generating the sealing current and for injecting the sealing current into the service provider's telephone cables transporting DSL services. The cable pair stabilizer unit may be combined with an AC/DC power supply adapter as a single, integrated device. The cable pair stabilizer unit may alternatively be combined with or inside of the Residential Gateway as a single, integrated device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: Enginuity Communications Corp.
    Inventors: Sean Iwasaki, Stephen M. Todd
  • Patent number: 10289145
    Abstract: A voltage generating circuit, in which the influence of offset of an amplifier on an output voltage is reduced, has first and second bipolar transistors (Q1, Q2) having emitter terminals at the same electric potential. A base terminal of Q1 is disposed on a collector side of Q2. A first resistance element connects the collector side of Q2 with the base side of Q2; and a second resistance element (R1) connects a collector side of Q1 to R2. A third resistance element (R3) connects a base terminal of Q2 with the electric potential of the emitter terminals. An amplifier (A1) outputs a voltage based on a voltage difference between the collector sides of Q1 and Q2; and a voltage-current converting section (MP1, MP2) converts amplifier output into a current supplied to the connection node of R1 and R2. A voltage is then output on the basis of the generated current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: Renesas Electronics Corporation
    Inventors: Shinya Sano, Masashi Horiguchi, Takahiro Miki, Mitsuru Hiraki
  • Patent number: 10234487
    Abstract: A current sense circuit for a pass transistor is described. The circuit comprises a sense transistor having input and control ports that are coupled to input and control ports respectively of the pass transistor. The circuit comprises a differential amplifier comprising a differential input and output. An output port of the pass transistor is coupled to a first port of the differential input and an output port of the sense transistor is coupled to a second port of the differential input. The differential amplifier comprises a first sub-amplifier and a second sub-amplifier that are arranged in parallel and which are operated in an auto-zero phase and in an amplification phase in an alternating manner, and which are operated in the auto-zero phase in a mutually exclusive manner. The output of the differential amplifier is used to control voltage drops across the sense transistor and the pass transistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: Dialog Semiconductor (UK) Limited
    Inventors: Nicolo Nizza, Danilo Gerna
  • Patent number: 10191105
    Abstract: A method for making a semiconductor device may include forming active circuitry on a substrate including differential transistor pairs, and forming threshold voltage test circuitry on the substrate. The threshold voltage test circuitry may include a pair of differential test transistors replicating the differential transistor pairs within the active circuitry, with each test transistor having a respective input and output, and at least one gain stage configured to amplify a difference between the outputs of the differential test transistors for measuring a threshold voltage thereof. The differential transistor pairs and the pair of differential test transistors each includes spaced apart source and drain regions, a channel region extending between the source and drain regions, and a gate overlying the channel region. Moreover, each of the channel regions may include a superlattice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: ATOMERA INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Richard Stephen Roy
  • Patent number: 10152078
    Abstract: The present invention provides a voltage generation circuit which outputs high-precision output voltage in a wide temperature range. A semiconductor device has a voltage generation circuit. The voltage generation circuit has a reference voltage generation circuit which outputs reference voltage, and a plurality of correction circuits for generating a correction current and making it fed back to the reference voltage generation circuit. The correction circuits generate sub correction currents which monotonously increase from predetermined temperature which varies among the correction circuits toward a low-temperature side or a high-temperature side. The correction current is sum of a plurality of sub correction currents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinya Sano, Yasuhiko Takahashi, Masashi Horiguchi
  • Patent number: 10146240
    Abstract: A voltage regulator having a pre-regulator circuit is disclosed. A low dropout (LDO) voltage regulator includes an amplifier circuit, a current buffer circuit, and a pre-regulator circuit. The current buffer circuit includes a transistor having a gate terminal coupled to the amplifier output. The current buffer provides a current based at least in part on the output signal generated by the amplifier. The pre-regulator circuit is coupled to provide a dynamic supply voltage to the current buffer. They dynamic supply voltage depends at least in part on a fixed supply voltage provided thereto, as well as the output voltage provided by the LDO voltage regulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Ruopeng Wang, Dashun Xue, Jiandong Jiang, Jay B. Fletcher
  • Patent number: 10128821
    Abstract: A voltage generator circuit uses a feedback loop to regulate an output voltage at an output node. A pair of opposite conductivity source-follower transistors are coupled to the output node. A first one of the source-follower transistors operates to provide a fast current transient for charging a capacitive load that is switchably connected to the output node. A second one of the source-follower transistor operate under feedback control to regulate the voltage level at the output node.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: STMicroelectronics, Inc.
    Inventor: Pavan Nallamothu
  • Patent number: 10128807
    Abstract: A system improve amplifier efficiency of operation relative to that of an amplifier with fixed biasing is operating channel dependent. A control circuit determines a bias current for an amplifying transistor of an amplifier circuit based at least in part on an operating channel. The amplifying transistor operates in a multi-channel system, where the bias current for the amplifying transistor operating at channels at an edge of a channel band is different from the bias current for the amplifying transistor operating at channels nearer a center of the channel band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: SiGe Semiconductor, Inc.
    Inventors: Alan J. A. Trainor, Grant Darcy Poulin, Craig Joseph Christmas
  • Patent number: 10095252
    Abstract: A voltage-to-current converter includes an input stage having a first input and a second input. The first input is connectable to a reference voltage, wherein the voltage of the second input is substantially the same as the voltage at the first input. A feedback loop is coupled between the second input and a voltage feedback node. A current feedback node is connectable to a first node of a resistor; the second node of the resistor is connectable to a voltage input, wherein a bias voltage of the current feedback node is set by the voltage of the voltage feedback node. At least one current mirror mirrors the current input to the current feedback node, the output of the at least one current mirror is the output of the voltage-to-current converter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Dinesh Jain
  • Patent number: 10090826
    Abstract: Various technologies pertaining to a high-impedance current source are described herein. The current source outputs a substantially constant current by way of a first transistor that draws current from a supply. The current source is configured to feed back noise from the supply to a feedback resistor at an input of an operational amplifier (op-amp) by way of a second transistor. The feedback resistor and the op-amp are configured such that responsive to receiving the supply noise feedback, the op-amp drives a gate voltage of the first transistor to cause the first transistor to reject the supply noise and cause the output of the current source to remain substantially constant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: National Technology & Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC
    Inventor: Kurt O. Wessendorf
  • Patent number: 10067522
    Abstract: As one example of the invention disclosed herein, a reference voltage generation circuit has: a first reference voltage source generating a first reference voltage; a second reference voltage source generating a second reference voltage having a temperature response different from that of the first reference voltage; a first comparator comparing the first and second reference voltages to generate a first comparison signal; and a selector selectively outputting one of the first and second reference voltages as a reference voltage according to the first comparison signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Assignee: Rohm Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yusuke Yoshii, Yuki Inoue
  • Patent number: 10061444
    Abstract: Self capacitance touch circuits to cancel the effects of parasitic capacitance in a touch sensitive device are disclosed. One circuit can generate a parasitic capacitance cancelation signal that can be injected into touch sensing circuitry to cancel the parasitic capacitance. Another circuit can adjust the phase and magnitude of the parasitic capacitance cancelation signal based on characteristics of channels in the touch sensing circuitry so as to fine tune the parasitic capacitance cancelations. Another circuit can drive a guard plate and touch panel electrodes so as to cancel the parasitic capacitances between the panel and the plate and between the electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Shahrooz Shahparnia, Christoph H. Krah
  • Patent number: 10041983
    Abstract: A current sense circuit for a pass transistor is described. The current sense circuit comprises a sense transistor, a differential amplifier comprising a differential input and a differential output, and a differential difference amplifier, referred to as DD amplifier, comprising a main differential input, an auxiliary differential input and an output; wherein the differential output of the differential amplifier is coupled to the auxiliary differential input of the DD amplifier; wherein the output port of the pass transistor is coupled to a first port of the main differential input and wherein the output port of the sense transistor is coupled to a second port of the main differential input. The output of the DD amplifier is used to control a voltage drop across the sense transistor and the pass transistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: Dialog Semiconductor (UK) Limited
    Inventors: Danilo Gerna, Stefano Scaldaferri, Nicolo Nizza
  • Patent number: 10007282
    Abstract: Provided is a voltage regulator capable of stably generating a constant output voltage even in a high temperature environment. The voltage regulator includes: an output transistor; an output terminal connected to a drain of the output transistor and outputting an output voltage; an error amplifier circuit configured to supply a signal obtained by amplifying a difference between a divided voltage of the output voltage and a reference voltage to a gate of the output transistor; and an NMOS transistor connected between the output terminal and a reference potential and configured to turn on, when the voltage regulator reaches a predetermined temperature at which a leakage current flowing in the output transistor is absorbed, to lead the leakage current to the reference potential.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: ABLIC INC.
    Inventor: Michiyasu Deguchi
  • Patent number: 9989985
    Abstract: A voltage generating circuit, in which the influence of offset of an amplifier on an output voltage is reduced, has first and second bipolar transistors (Q1, Q2) having emitter terminals at the same electric potential. A base terminal of Q1 is disposed on a collector side of Q2. A first resistance element connects the collector side of Q2 with the base side of Q2; and a second resistance element (R1) connects a collector side of Q1 to R2. A third resistance element (R3) connects a base terminal of Q2 with the electric potential of the emitter terminals. An amplifier (A1) outputs a voltage based on a voltage difference between the collector sides of Q1 and Q2; and a voltage-current converting section (MP1, MP2) converts amplifier output into a current supplied to the connection node of R1 and R2. A voltage is then output on the basis of the generated current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinya Sano, Masashi Horiguchi, Takahiro Miki, Mitsuru Hiraki
  • Patent number: 9958895
    Abstract: Structure and methods for a compensated bandgap reference circuit. A first integrated circuit die having a first bandgap reference circuit with a non-zero temperature coefficient; and having a first output reference signal is provided, a second integrated circuit die having a second bandgap reference circuit with a non-zero temperature coefficient that is of opposite polarity from the temperature coefficient of the first bandgap reference circuit, and having a second output reference signal is provided; an adder circuit disposed on at least one of the first and second integrated circuit dies combines the first and second output reference signals, and outputs a combined reference signal; and connectors for connecting the first and second output signals to the adder circuit are provided. Methods are disclosed for pairing integrated circuit dies with bandgap reference circuits and coupling the dies to form temperature compensated signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Chih-Chia Chen, Mark Shane Peng
  • Patent number: 9954431
    Abstract: A starting circuit (10) of a power management chip, comprising: a starting capacitor (C3) which is used for connecting a power supply via an external resistor (R2) to perform charging; a switch circuit (100) which is connected between the external resistor (R2) and the starting capacitor (C3); a voltage detection circuit (200) which is used for detecting a voltage on the starting capacitor (C3) and is connected to the switch circuit (100) so as to control the on/off switching of the switch circuit (100); and a voltage maintaining circuit (300) which is connected between the starting capacitor (C3) and an operating circuit of the power management chip and is used for acquiring a voltage that maintains the starting capacitor (C3) from the operating circuit of the power management chip, wherein when the voltage detection circuit (200) detects that the starting capacitor (C3) reaches the starting voltage of the power management chip, the broken circuit of the switch circuit (100) is controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: CSMC TECHNOLOGIES FAB1 CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Nan Zhang
  • Patent number: 9946289
    Abstract: Bias current generator circuitry includes a first current source having a first temperature sensitivity characteristic, a second current source having a second temperature sensitivity characteristic, and temperature-sensitive control circuitry configured to select, as an output of the bias current generator circuitry, an output of the first current source when circuitry temperature is in a first temperature range, and an output of the second current source when circuitry temperature is in a second temperature range. In an example, the first temperature sensitivity characteristic is temperature independence and the second temperature sensitivity characteristic is proportionality to temperature. The control circuitry includes a third current source having the first temperature sensitivity characteristic, a fourth current source having the second temperature sensitivity characteristic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: Marvell International Ltd.
    Inventors: Wai Lau, Xiaoang Li
  • Patent number: 9933799
    Abstract: A voltage regulator includes an error amplifier configured to receive a first voltage through a first node as an operating voltage, to amplify a difference between a reference voltage and a feedback voltage, and to output an amplified voltage; a power transistor connected between a second node through which a second voltage is supplied and an output node of the voltage regulator; and a switch circuit configured to select a level of a gate voltage supplied to a gate of the power transistor and level of a body voltage supplied to a body of the power transistor in response to a first power sequence of the first voltage, a second power sequence of the second voltage, and an operation control signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jun Hyeok Yang, Dae Yong Kim, Sang Ho Kim, Jae Jin Park
  • Patent number: 9929865
    Abstract: A powered device interface constituted of: a first and second rectifier bridge, the outputs and returns thereof in electrical communication with each other; and a selection circuit; and a classification current circuit in electrical communication with the output and return of each of the first rectifier bridge and the second rectifier bridge, and further in electrical communication with a first and second input of the first rectifier bridge, wherein the classification current circuit is arranged, responsive to a classification voltage received at one of the first rectifier bridge and the second rectifier bridge, to: in the event that the classification voltage is received at the first rectifier bridge, output a first classification current exhibiting a first magnitude; and in the event that the classification voltage is received at the second rectifier bridge, output a second classification current exhibiting a second magnitude.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: Microsemi P.O.E. Ltd.
    Inventors: Eli Ohana, Ohad Vaknin
  • Patent number: 9898030
    Abstract: A reference voltage generator circuit includes a circuit that generates a complementary to absolute temperature (CTAT) voltage and a proportional to absolute temperature (PTAT) current. An output current circuit generates, from the PTAT current, a sink PTAT current sunk from a first node and a source PTAT current sourced to a second node, wherein the sink and source PTAT currents are equal. A resistor is directly connected between the first node and the second node. A divider circuit divides the CTAT voltage to generate a divided CTAT voltage applied to the first node. A voltage at the second node is a fractional bandgap reference voltage equal to a sum of the divided CTAT voltage and a voltage drop across the resistor that is proportional to a resistor current equal to the sink and source PTAT currents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: STMicroelectronics International N.V.
    Inventor: Abhirup Lahiri
  • Patent number: 9898029
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for generating a temperature-compensated reference voltage are disclosed. The apparatus generates substantially equal temperature-compensated currents by controlling (through negative feedback) voltages across separate resistors through which the currents flow, respectively. Two of the temperature-compensated currents are formed by combining (e.g., summing) a complementary to absolute temperature (CTAT) current (ICTAT) and a proportional to absolute temperature (PTAT) current (IPTAT). A reference voltage VREF is produced by configuring the other the temperature-compensated current to flow through an output resistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventor: Todd Morgan Rasmus
  • Patent number: 9900953
    Abstract: A temperature compensation circuit for a light source (e.g., light emitting diode (LED)) whose radiant energy output decreases when ambient temperature increases includes a first circuit element for generating a first current that increases proportional to an increase in the ambient temperature, and a second circuit element for generating a second current that is first order independent of the ambient temperature. The circuit further includes a weighted current adder for generating a third current by combining the first and second currents with first and second weights applied to the first and second currents respectively. The circuit further includes a third circuit element responsive to the third current for supplying a fourth current to the light source to maintain a radiant energy output of the light source constant independent of the ambient temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: TT ELECTRONICS PLC
    Inventors: James P. Cusey, Alain Potteck, Tri-Tue Truong
  • Patent number: 9891650
    Abstract: A current generation circuit including a first and a second bipolar transistors, a current distribution circuit that makes a first current and a second current flow through the first and second bipolar transistors, respectively, the first current and the second current corresponding to a first control voltage, a first NMOS transistor disposed between the first bipolar transistor and the first current distribution circuit, a second NMOS transistor disposed between the second bipolar transistor and the first current distribution circuit, a first resistive element, a first operational amplifier that outputs the second control voltage to the gates of the first and the second NMOS transistors according to a drain voltage of the first NMOS transistor and a reference bias voltage, and a second operational amplifier that generates the first control voltage according to a drain voltage of the second NMOS transistor and the reference bias voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Assignee: RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Atsushi Motozawa, Yuichi Okuda
  • Patent number: 9882526
    Abstract: Designs of extremely high efficiency solar cells are described. A novel alternating bias scheme enhances the photovoltaic power extraction capability above the cell band-gap by enabling the extraction of hot carriers. When applied in conventional solar cells, this alternating bias scheme has the potential of more than doubling their yielded net efficiency. When applied in conjunction with solar cells incorporating quantum wells (QWs) or quantum dots (QDs) based solar cells, the described alternating bias scheme has the potential of extending such solar cell power extraction coverage, possibly across the entire solar spectrum, thus enabling unprecedented solar power extraction efficiency. Within such cells, a novel alternating bias scheme extends the cell energy conversion capability above the cell material band-gap while the quantum confinement structures are used to extend the cell energy conversion capability below the cell band-gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: Ostendo Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Hussein S. El-Ghoroury, Dale A. McNeill, Selim E. Guncer
  • Patent number: 9864395
    Abstract: A current mirror circuit includes an input current leg and an output current leg. The input current leg includes: a first bipolar junction transistor (BJT) having a collector terminal configured to receive an input current sourced at a current node and a first metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) having a gate terminal coupled to the current node and a source terminal coupled to a base terminal of the first BJT. The output current leg includes: a second BJT having a collector terminal configured to supply an output current and a second MOSFET having a gate terminal coupled to the current node and a source terminal coupled to a base terminal of the second BJT.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignees: STMicroelectronics Asia Pacific Pte Ltd, STMicroelectronics Design and Application S.R.O.
    Inventors: Roman Prochazka, Chee Weng Cheong
  • Patent number: 9863797
    Abstract: The invention relates to a temperature measurement method using a thermometric resistance-type temperature probe (1) comprising at least two electroconductive sensitive elements (3, 4) on the same substrate (2), wherein different parameters representative of the strength of the electric current circulating in one of said sensitive elements (3, 4) are measured, and a correction, according to said strength of the electric current circulating in said sensitive element (3, 4), is applied to a signal representative of a temperature measurement generated from the other one of said sensitive elements (3, 4), in order to correct an error created as a result of the self-heating by the Joule effect of said sensitive element (3, 4) affecting the other one of said sensitive elements (3, 4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: SNECMA
    Inventor: Maurice Georges Vernochet
  • Patent number: 9857813
    Abstract: In some embodiments, an apparatus includes a bandgap reference circuit having a first bipolar junction transistor (BJT) that can receive a current from a node having a terminal voltage and can output a base emitter voltage. The apparatus also includes a second bipolar junction transistor (BJT) having a device width greater than a device width of the first BJT. The second BJT can receive a current from a node having a terminal voltage and output a base emitter voltage. In such embodiments, the apparatus also includes a reference generation circuit operatively coupled to the first BJT and the second BJT, where the reference generation circuit can generate a bandgap reference voltage based on the base emitter voltage of the first BJT and the base emitter voltage of the second BJT.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: PSIKICK, INC.
    Inventor: Aatmesh Shrivastava
  • Patent number: 9804631
    Abstract: A circuit includes a first PMOS transistor that includes a first PMOS source coupled to a first input node, a first PMOS gate, and a first PMOS drain. A second PMOS transistor includes a second PMOS source coupled to a second input node, a second PMOS gate, and a second PMOS drain coupled to the second PMOS gate. A first resistor coupled between the first PMOS source and a ground node. A first diode element coupled between the first resistor and the ground node and a second diode element coupled between the second PMOS source and the ground node. A third PMOS transistor includes a third PMOS gate, a third PMOS source coupled to a supply node, and a third PMOS drain coupled to the first input node. A fourth PMOS transistor includes a fourth PMOS gate coupled to the third PMOS gate, a fourth PMOS source coupled to the supply node, and a fourth PMOS drain coupled to the second input node.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: STMicroelectronics (Rousset) SAS
    Inventors: Jimmy Fort, Thierry Soude
  • Patent number: 9780955
    Abstract: A PSE control circuitry arranged to: control the power source to output a detection signal; responsive to the detection signal, determine the resistance of a signature resistive element; in the event that the determined resistance is within a predetermined range, control a power source to output power to the load; in the event that the determined resistance is outside the predetermined range, prevent the power source from outputting power for a predetermined disconnect time period; detect the amount of power drawn from the power source; in the event that the detected power amount is less than a predetermined minimum power draw value, control the power source to cease output of power for a predetermined power down time period, the predetermined power down time period less than the predetermined disconnect time period; immediately subsequent to both time periods, control the power source to output the detection signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: Microsemi P.O.E Ltd.
    Inventors: Roni Blaut, Alon Ferentz
  • Patent number: 9746862
    Abstract: A voltage-to-current converter includes an input stage having a first input and a second input. The first input is connectable to a reference voltage, wherein the voltage of the second input is substantially the same as the voltage at the first input. A feedback loop is coupled between the second input and a voltage feedback node. A current feedback node is connectable to a first node of a resistor; the second node of the resistor is connectable to a voltage input, wherein a bias voltage of the current feedback node is set by the voltage of the voltage feedback node. At least one current mirror mirrors the current input to the current feedback node, the output of the at least one current mirror is the output of the voltage-to-current converter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Dinesh Jain
  • Patent number: 9740224
    Abstract: The disclosed invention provides apparatus and methods for dynamic biasing in electronic systems and circuits. The apparatus and methods disclosed provide non-linear biasing responsive to monitored load conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: TRIUNE IP LLC
    Inventors: Amer Atrash, Ross E. Teggatz, Brett Smith
  • Patent number: 9692360
    Abstract: A system improve amplifier efficiency of operation relative to that of an amplifier with fixed biasing and fixed matching conditions receives a power level and an indicator of amplifier operation. The indicator is at least one of channel, channel bandwidth, out-of band spectral requirements, spectral mask requirements, error vector magnitude, modulation rate, and modulation type. A controller generates a control signal based at least in part on the power level and the indicator to control at least one of the bias current and the matching conditions of matching circuits. The matching conditions and bias current for channels at an edge of a channel band are different from the bias current and matching conditions for channels nearer a center of the channel band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: SiGe Semiconductor, Inc.
    Inventors: Alan Trainor, Grant Darcy Poulin, Craig Joseph Christmas
  • Patent number: 9678526
    Abstract: A current generation circuit including a first and a second bipolar transistors, a current distribution circuit that makes a first current and a second current flow through the first and second bipolar transistors, respectively, the first current and the second current corresponding to a first control voltage, a first NMOS transistor disposed between the first bipolar transistor and the first current distribution circuit, a second NMOS transistor disposed between the second bipolar transistor and the first current distribution circuit, a first resistive element, a first operational amplifier that outputs the second control voltage to the gates of the first and the second NMOS transistors according to a drain voltage of the first NMOS transistor and a reference bias voltage, and a second operational amplifier that generates the first control voltage according to a drain voltage of the second NMOS transistor and the reference bias voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Atsushi Motozawa, Yuichi Okuda
  • Patent number: 9634648
    Abstract: A circuit includes a divider circuit block configured to generate a trim term signal (VBG_TRIM) that is temperature and process independent. The circuit further includes a processing circuit block configured to multiply a temperature dependent reference voltage signal (TAP_GG) by a factor, and to sum the trim term signal with a result of the multiplication to generate an output reference voltage (VGG).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: XILINX, INC.
    Inventors: Shidong Zhou, Anil Kumar Kandala, Narendra Kumar Pulipati, Santosh Yachareni
  • Patent number: 9612605
    Abstract: Generally discussed herein are apparatuses and methods for a voltage regulator with a current feedback loop. One such apparatus may include an amplifier, a master device electrically coupled to the amplifier, a slave device electrically coupled to the master device, and/or a current feedback device electrically coupled to the amplifier and the slave device to feed back current from the slave device to alter a monitoring voltage input to the amplifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignee: Micron Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Qiang Tang, Ruo-Gu Huang, Xiaojiang Guo
  • Patent number: 9600007
    Abstract: A regulator for converting a DC input voltage into a DC output voltage includes: a control module generating a predetermined regulated voltage associated with the DC output voltage, and further generating a control signal based on a feedback voltage associated with the DC output voltage; a switching module outputting, in response to the control signal, one of the reference voltage and the regulated voltage as a switching voltage; and a conversion module generating the DC output voltage and the feedback voltage based on the DC input voltage, a reference voltage output from the reference voltage generation module and the switching voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: NATIONAL TAIPEI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Ting-Wen Su, Yuh-Shyan Hwang
  • Patent number: 9588531
    Abstract: Voltage regulator with extended minimum to maximum current ratio. In some embodiments, a low-dropout (LDO) voltage regulator disposed within a semiconductor package may include an inner loop; and an outer loop coupled to the inner loop, wherein: the inner loop is configured to control a load response of the LDO voltage regulator and to reduce at least one of: a printed circuit board (PCB) effect on the outer loop, a packaging effect on the outer loop, or a parasitic effect on the outer loop; the outer loop is configured to control a voltage at an output of the LDO voltage regulator; the output of the LDO voltage regulator is coupled to an integrated circuit within the semiconductor package; and the PCB, package, and parasitic effects comprise inductive or resistive effects caused by elements disposed outside of the semiconductor package.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: NXP USA, Inc.
    Inventors: Marcos M. Pelicia, Edevaldo Pereira Silva, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9577522
    Abstract: A hybrid power supply circuit includes a digital circuit, a digital-to-analog converter circuit, and an analog compensator circuit (analog control circuit). According to one configuration, the digital circuit includes a digital pre-filter that substantially matches settings of analog filter circuitry present in the analog compensator circuit. During operation, the digital circuit receives control input indicating how to control a magnitude of an output voltage produced by the power supply circuit. The digital circuit passes the received through the digital pre-filter to produce a (filtered) digital reference voltage. The digital-to-analog converter circuit converts the received digital reference voltage into an analog reference voltage (a filtered rendition of the received control input). The analog compensator circuit receives and uses the digitally pre-filtered analog reference voltage as a basis to control the magnitude of the output voltage produced by the power supply circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: Infineon Technologies Americas Corp.
    Inventors: Saurabh Jayawant, Venkat Sreenivas, Parviz Parto, Robert T. Carroll
  • Patent number: 9563223
    Abstract: A current mirror circuit is provided that has a feedback loop that includes a current mirror that provides base current compensation to the bases of the input and output transistors of the current mirror circuit. By employing a current mirror in the feedback loop to provide base current compensation, the minimum power supply voltage of the current mirror circuit is very low, typically less than or equal to about 1.5 V.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: Avago Technologies General IP (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
    Inventors: Dezhao Bai, Faouzi Chaahoub
  • Patent number: 9531256
    Abstract: An electrical adapter can include a rectifying circuit configured to receive an AC power input, a power factor corrector (PFC) circuit coupled with an output of the rectifying circuit, and a capacitive component coupled with an output of the PFC circuit. The electrical adapter can further include a DC-DC converter circuit coupled with an output of the capacitive component and configured to provide a power output of the electrical adapter, and an impedance-measuring circuit coupled with the power output and configured to measure impedance of a cable connected to the power output. The DC-DC converter circuit can be configured to adjust power of the power output based on the measured impedance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Assignee: Avogy, Inc.
    Inventors: Hemal N. Shah, Vinod Khosla