Metal Base Patents (Class 427/435)
  • Patent number: 6475299
    Abstract: Disclosed are a conversion coating composition for use in the surface treatment of a PCB and a conversion coating method using the same. The composition comprises 0.1-30 vol % of sulfuric acid; 0.1-15 vol % of hydrogen peroxide; 0.01-10 wt % of an organic acid; 0.1-30 wt % of a nitrogen compound; 0.01-10 wt % of an organic silicate and/or organic titanate; and 0.1-20 wt % of a film forming auxiliary, 0.1-30 wt % of an etching rate controller, 0.1-20 wt % of a reaction promoter and/or 0.1-20 g/l of a stabilizer. This composition is applied to a PCB at 10-60° C. for 1-10 min. The conversion coating film is superb in adhesive strength, acid resistance, and adhesion and can be formed with ease.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2002
    Assignees: Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd., SD Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Byong Ho Lee, Dek Gin Yang, Yang Je Lee, Myong Gun Chong, Jae Ok Lim, Sung Wook Chun, Min Eui Hong, Kyu Hong An
  • Patent number: 6472026
    Abstract: Process for producing a multi-layer lacquer finish, in which a surfacer coating compound is applied to a substrate optionally pre-coated with a priming layer and/or further coating layers, and a top coating comprising a colour-imparting and/or special-effect-imparting base lacquer layer and a transparent clear lacquer layer, or a top coating comprising a pigmented one-layer top lacquer, is then applied, in which coating compounds which contain binders which are curable by free radical and/or cationic polymerisation are employed as the surfacer, the base lacquer and the clear lacquer as well as the one-layer top lacquer, and wherein the said binders are cured by means of high-energy radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2002
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Karin Maag, Helmut Loffler, Werner Lenhard
  • Patent number: 6472122
    Abstract: A protective, biocompatible coating or encapsulation material protects and insulates a component or device intended to be implanted in living tissue. The coating or encapsulation material comprises a thin layer or layers of alumina, zerconia, or other ceramic, less than 25 microns thick, e.g., 5-10 microns thick. The alumina layer(s) may be applied at relatively low temperature. Once applied, the layer provides excellent hermeticity, and prevents electrical leakage. Even though very thin, the alumina layer retains excellent insulating characteristics. In one embodiment, an alumina layer less than about 6 microns thick provides an insulative coating that exhibits less than 10 pA of leakage current over an area 75 mils by 25 mils area while soaking in a saline solution at temperatures up to 80° C. over a three month period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2002
    Assignee: Medtronic Minimed, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph H. Schulman, Joseph Y. Lucisano, Rajiv Shah, Charles L. Byers, Shaun M. Pendo
  • Publication number: 20020154427
    Abstract: A metal salt solution containing about 6.0 g to about 25 g of sodium hydroxide, about 20 g to about 70 g of ammonia and about 2 g to about 20 g of silver nitrate per 1 liter of water for use as a metal salt solution for forming a metallic mirror surface on a receiving surface is shown. The receiving surface is treated with an activating treatment agent containing stannous chloride and at least one precious metal salt of palladium, gold, silver or the like followed by a concurrent application of the above reacting metal salt solution and reducing agent solution to form a metallic mirror surface on the receiving surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2002
    Publication date: October 24, 2002
    Inventors: Akihiro Takahagi, Yuji Kanomata
  • Patent number: 6468597
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a plastic film on metal surfaces, and a treatment liquid for producing this film. The treatment liquid, prior to wetting the metal, contains 0.1 to 50% (by weight) of a non-volatile film-forming mixture of resins, and 99.9 to 50% of a water-miscible, water-soluble or water solvent, and forms a film on the metal. The treatment liquid, just prior to wetting the metal, has a temperature of 10-100° C., and the metal surface has a temperature higher than the treatment liquid by at least 20° C. and a temperature in the region of 30 to 700° C. The treatment liquid is adjusted in such a way that its constituents do not substantially coagulate, settle or decompose, and such that the molecular weight distribution and the viscosity of the treatment liquid does not substantially change during use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Assignee: Chemetall GmbH
    Inventor: Heribert Domes
  • Patent number: 6461666
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a radioactive balloon for angioplasty which is combined with a flexible film containing radionuclides and process for preparation thereof. A balloon dilatation catheter system containing the radioactive balloon can be used in transluminal coronary angioplasty, expanding blood vessel and facilitating the blood flow so as to prevent the proliferation of smooth muscle cell and vascular restenosis efficiently.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute
    Inventor: Kyung Bae Park
  • Publication number: 20020142100
    Abstract: In a method for manufacturing an Al clad product, first, cladding material is fused and coated on base material having Al. Then, slurry material is coated on the cladding material coated on the base material, the slurry material including mixture of a flux powder, a resin binder powder and a diluent. Thereafter, the slurry material is hardened to thereby provide a hardened product including the base material, the cladding material and hardened slurry material. In a subsequent step, the hardened product is brazed to thereby provide an Al clad product, wherein the diluent included in the slurry material is gasified in the hardening process of the slurry material and the cladding material is fused by employing an arc discharge technique.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2001
    Publication date: October 3, 2002
    Applicant: Mando Climate Control Corp.
    Inventor: Seung Taek Oh
  • Patent number: 6458897
    Abstract: An aqueous dispersion composition which comprises an ionomer resin (A) neutralized with a divalent metal, and water, sufficiently answers high level of requirement performances in various uses, and in particular, is particularly suitable as a heat sealing agent for aluminum foil, film, paper or the like, a metal coating agent, a modifier for various emulsions, a paint, an adhesive, a rust-preventive treating agent, and the like; a method which can produce the aqueous dispersion composition in high yield; a rust-preventive treating agent for a metal surface, which contains the aqueous dispersion composition, has excellent corrosion resistance, and can form a rust-preventive layer showing excellent coating adhesion to a over coat paint; a rust-preventive treatment method using the rust-preventive treating agent; and a rust-preventive treated metal product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Suguru Tokita, Shigenobu Otsubo, Yoshiyuki Harada, Makoto Nakazawa
  • Publication number: 20020136826
    Abstract: A process for treating food-contact surfaces is presented in which a surface treatment composition is applied to a food-contact surface. The surface treatment composition contains 90 to 98.5% by weight of water, 1 to 4% by weight of a hygroscopic component, 0.2 to 2% by weight of a preservative, and a thickener added in such a quantity so that the viscosity of the surface treatment composition is in the range of from 2,000 to 10,000 mPas, as measured at 22° C. with a Brookfield viscometer, spindle 3, at 12 r.p.m.. Surfaces treated by this process are easily freed of adhering soils by wiping with a damp cloth or by spraying with water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 23, 1999
    Publication date: September 26, 2002
    Inventors: THOMAS TYBORSKI, WERNER LUEDECKE
  • Patent number: 6451383
    Abstract: A composition and method is described for providing conformal protective or decorative polymer coatings on metals such as aluminum, copper, iron, steel, zinc, and their formation by dip autopolymerization. In accordance with the present invention, an acidic solution of organic monomer undergoes autopolymerization upon contact with a metal substrate, thereby forming a polymeric coating on the substrate. The method comprises providing the acidic monomer solution, dipping the metal substrate to be coated for a prescribed period of time depending on the thickness of the coating desired, and then removing the substrate from the solution. Importantly, the polymerization requires no application of external driving force, such as thermal or electrical energy. The coatings thus formed are up to 50 microns thick, and conform to the shape of the substrate. These coatings further have uniform thickness, and excellent thermal stability and protective properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Assignee: The University of Connecticut
    Inventors: James P. Bell, Nicole Baker
  • Patent number: 6440487
    Abstract: A radioactive transition metal stent, comprising one or more transition metals, wherein the transition metal stent surface is chemically bound to a radioactive material; and a method for producing the radioactive transition metal stent wherein the radioisotope is chemically bound to, and is uniformly confined to the transition metal stent surface without affecting the metallurgical properties of the transition metal stent is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2002
    Assignee: MoBeta, Inc.
    Inventors: Michelangelo Delfino, Mary Elizabeth Day
  • Patent number: 6436470
    Abstract: An improved method of applying a particulate material to a substrate, includes the steps of: removing impurities from a surface of the substrate; forming a coating composition having a bonding material and at least one particulate material; applying the coating composition to the substrate surface; and creating a diffusion bond between the substrate, bonding material and particulate material for generating a continuous interface between the substrate surface and particulate material such that the change in mechanical properties between the substrate and particulate material occurs in a direction normal to the plane of the substrate surface, thereby minimizing residual strain and coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch between the substrate and particulate material, the surfaces of individual particles of said particulate material being chemically wetted by the bonding material. The particulate material and the bonding material comprise a layer on the substrate surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Assignee: Penn State Research Foundation
    Inventors: Ronald G. Iacocca, Karthik Sivaraman, Anand Lal, Randall M. German
  • Patent number: 6436475
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for treating metallic surfaces consisting of zinc, magnesium or aluminium or of the alloys of zinc, magnesium or aluminium, to which lacquer, coatings of plastic material, paint, sealants or adhesives are applied after treatment. The treatment of the metallic surfaces takes place at between 10° C. and 100° C. by immersion, spraying or rolling with an aqueous solution. The solution has a pH of between 2 and 13 and contains one or more compounds of the type XYZ at a concentration of between 10−5 and 1 mol/l. Y is an organic group containing between 2 and 50 C atoms and has a straight-chain structure. X is a COOH, HSO3, HSO4, (OH)2PO, (OH)2PO2, (OH)(OR′)PO or (OH)(OR′)PO2 group. Z is a OH, SH, NH2, NHR′, CN, CH═CH2, OCN, epoxy, CH2═CR″—COO, acrylamide, COOH, (OH)2PO, (OH)2PO2, (OH)(OR′)PO or (OH)(OR′)PO2 group. R′ is an alkyl group with between 1 and 4 C atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Assignee: Chemetall GmbH
    Inventors: Hans-Jürgen P. Adler, Christian Bram, Ralf Feser, Evelin Jähne, Christian Jung, Iris Mäge, Jürgen Rudolph, Lars Sebralla, Martin Stratmann
  • Patent number: 6436474
    Abstract: A polymer-coated metal fastener is provided which has both improved ease of drive into a substrate, and improved resistance to withdrawal from the substrate. The coated fastener is prepared by heating a metal fastener, or a portion of it, to about 400-2000° F. and cooling in an aqueous medium containing an acrylic or modified acrylic polymer. The rapid cooling causes formation of a thin yet durable polymer coating on the fastener.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: Kent B. Godsted, Geronimo E. Lat
  • Patent number: 6428851
    Abstract: Continuous bath or curtain processes for the thermal deposition of a coating from a coating solution onto a moving metal web are used to apply a coating onto the web. The compositions that result from the processes are substantially free of defects relative to batch processes. The continuous process is particularly applicable for priming zinc and zinc-alloy coated steel webs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2002
    Assignee: Bethlehem Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Fritz J. Friedersdorf, Rangarajan Venkataraman, Michael J. Danilich, Kuo-Chin Chou, George E. Donchez, Jay D. Hoffman, Thomas A. Suchy
  • Patent number: 6428863
    Abstract: Process for selected adjustment of dropwise condensation on a surface comprising implanting nitrogen ions with a theoretically predicted minimum dose concentration of 1015 cm−2, the wetting characteristics of the surface being adjusted without cleaning or other preparation steps in such a way that stable dropwise condensation is formed on the surface and the intensity of condensation and thus heat transfer performance can be selected using the level of the dose concentration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2002
    Assignee: ESYTEC Energie- und Systemtechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Alfred Leipertz, Kyong-Hee Choi
  • Patent number: 6419983
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of introducing and removing workpieces, particularly vehicle bodies, into and out of a treatment area (20, 70) suitable for the surface treatment of the workpieces (1), wherein the workpieces (1) are detachably secured to mounting frames (7) that each have a rotary axis (13, 41, 61) aligned transverse to the direction of movement of the workpieces (1), the rotary axes (13, 41, 61) are continuously moved translationally and at a constant speed, and the workpieces (1) at the start and end of the treatment area (20, 70) are simultaneously rotated through about 180° around one of these rotary axes (13, 41, 61) in a controlled and always guided manner in the direction of the translational movement. The invention also relates to a device for the surface treatment of workpieces and a system for the surface treatment of vehicle bodies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2002
    Assignee: ABB Fläkt Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Bernd Kreuzer
  • Patent number: 6410092
    Abstract: The anticorrosive properties of a coating autodeposited on a metal substrate are improved by contacting the autodeposited coating with an aqueous solution of an alkaline earth metal compound such as calcium nitrate prior to curing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2002
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventors: Zhiqi Yang, William E. Fristad
  • Patent number: 6406748
    Abstract: Method for preventing the formation of coating defects in polymeric coated surfaces in a coating process comprising a plurality of steps that occur prior to the polymeric coating of said surfaces and that contact organic and metal surfaces with a plurality of aqueous compositions in which accumulate in suspension resin particles released from said metal surfaces. Suspended resin particles are prevented from re-depositing on the organic surfaces by converting said surfaces to hydrophilic character by means of oxidizing said surfaces prior to contacting the oxidized surfaces with said suspensions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2002
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventors: Theodore D. Held, III, William E. Fristad
  • Patent number: 6387852
    Abstract: There is described a method of applying insulative coating on high temperature superconductors and low temperature superconductors from sol-gel solutions prepared from Zr, or Zr with one of Mg, Y, Ce, In and Sn based precursor materials. The solution is prepared with isopropanol as a solvent and acetyl acetone as a catalyst. The conductors are dipped into the solution and thereafter dried at a temperature effective to evaporate the solvent. Thereafter, heat treatment in the presence of oxygen is applied at a temperature sufficient to oxidize the precursors to result in a ceramic insulative coating on the conductor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2002
    Assignee: Florida State University
    Inventors: Erdal Celik, Yusuf Hascicek, Ibrahim Mutlu
  • Patent number: 6379820
    Abstract: A hot-dip Zn—Al—Mg plated steel sheet good in corrosion resistance and surface appearance that is a hot-dip Zn-base plated steel sheet obtained by forming on a surface of a steel sheet a hot-dip Zn—Al—Mg plating layer composed of Al: 4.0-10 wt. %, Mg: 1.0-4.0 wt. % and the balance of Zn and unavoidable impurities, the plating layer having a metallic structure including a primary crystal Al phase or a primary crystal Al phase and a Zn single phase in a matrix of Al/Zn/Zn2Mg ternary eutectic structure. To obtain a plating layer possessing this metallic structure, the cooling rate of the plating layer adhering to a steel strip extracted from a plating bath and the plating bath temperature are appropriately controlled in a continuous hot-dip plating machine and/or appropriate amounts of Ti and B are added to the bath.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2002
    Assignee: Nisshin Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Komatsu, Takao Tsujimura, Kouichi Watanabe, Nobuhiko Yamaki, Atsushi Andoh, Toshiharu Kittaka
  • Patent number: 6369149
    Abstract: An aqueous surface treatment bath that has a pH from 2.5 to 4.5 and contains at least 0.1 g/L of orthophosphate ions, from 0.1 to 3 g/L of condensed phosphate ions, from 0.1 to 0.5 g/L of free hydrofluonc acid, and at least 0.1 g/L of water-soluble polymer molecules that, except for short end groups as generally known in the art, conform to general formula (1) below: in which n is the degree of polymerization and has an integral value or each molecule, the average value of n for all of the molecules present being from 2 to 50 and not necessarily integral, X is a hydrogen atom or a moiety Y conforming to general formula (II) wherein each of R1 and R2 is an alkyl moiety or a hydroxy alkyl moiety having from 1 to 3 carbon atoms each, the total number of moieties Y having a ratio to the total number of aromatic rings that is from 0.2:1.0 to 1.0:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2002
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventors: Masayuki Yoshida, Akio Shimizu, Ken-ichiro Oshita
  • Patent number: 6361833
    Abstract: A composition and process for treating metal surfaces that contain at a weight ratio from 1:5,000 to 5,000:1 of at least one metal acetylacetonate selected from the group consisting of Al(C5H7O2)3, V(C5H7O2)3, VO(C5H7O2)2, Zn(C5H7O2)2, and Zr(C5H7O2)4, and at least one compound selected from water-soluble inorganic titanium compounds and water-soluble inorganic zirconium compounds, provides a non-chromate-type composition for imparting an excellent corrosion resistance and paint adherence to the surface of metals, particularly aluminum and its alloys, magnesium and its alloys and zinc and its alloys.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2002
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuya Nakada, Motoki Kawaguchi
  • Patent number: 6361872
    Abstract: The present invention provides metal surface treatment agents and metal surface treatment methods which can form a high anticorrosion coating without use of hexavalent chromium compounds which are a cause of environmental pollution. In the present invention, a metal surface is coated with a metal surface treatment agent made of a composition containing a compound containing at least one or more mercapto groups per molecule and, depending upon need, a curing agent, curing catalyst and/or silica and the coating of the metal surface treatment agent is heat-treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2002
    Assignee: Metal Coatings International Inc.
    Inventors: Tetsuo Hosono, Michiaki Nakazato, Tadayoshi Inoue
  • Patent number: 6361622
    Abstract: A composition and method for coating and touching up a metal surface is provided. The composition contains from about 0.5 to about 240 millimoles per kilograms of a fluorometallate ion, from about 0.5 grams/liters to about 10 grams/liter of phosphorous-containing inorganic oxy anions calculated at their stoichiometric equivalent as H3PO4; from about 0.05 g/l to about 3.5 g/l of hexavalent chromium and from about 0.10 g/l to about 2.20 g/l of trivalent chromium ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2002
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventors: David R. McCormick, Andreas Lindert
  • Patent number: 6358571
    Abstract: A method for coating a metal substrate in which a coating film is applied reliably and strongly on a surface processed film on a metal matrix material. The coating method for the metal substrate includes an immersion step of immersing a surface-processed metal substrate in a solution mainly composed of an amorphous-like fluorine resin, a polymerization step of polymerizing the amorphous-like fluorine resin and the surface processed metal substrate, and a step of forming a coating film on a surface-processed surface of the metal substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: Denka Himaku, Inc.
    Inventor: Yasuichi Akimoto
  • Patent number: 6358581
    Abstract: To provide a multiple coat metal pipe and its fabrication method having excellent corrosion resistance without deteriorating chipping resistance or splashing resistance, capable of being fabricated easily and capable of simply carrying out peel off operation owing to a weak peel off strength wherein corrosion resistance of an end working portion is not deteriorated, there is provided a multiple coat metal pipe which is a metal pipe constituted by multiplexing and coating a first layer including a resin having an adhesive force in respect of a surface treatment layer formed on an outer peripheral face of the metal pipe and capable of being extruded and a second layer provided on an outer peripheral face of the first layer, having a chipping resistance and capable of being extruded, wherein a peel off strength between the first layer and the second layer is 75 g/cm or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: USUI Kokusai Sangyo Kaisha Ltd.
    Inventor: Masayoshi Usui
  • Patent number: 6344243
    Abstract: A method of treating a substrate comprises contacting a surface of said substrate, with a pressurized fluid comprising carbon dioxide and a surface treatment component, the surface treatment component being entrained in the pressurized fluid and contacting the surface so that the surface treatment component lowers the surface tension of the surface of the substrate and treats the substrate. The contacting step is preferably carried out by immersion, the fluid is preferably a liquid or supercritical fluid, the substrate is preferably a metal or fabric substrate, and the surface treatment component is preferably a fluoroacrylate polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2002
    Assignee: Micell Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: James B. McClain, Timothy J. Romack, James P. DeYoung
  • Patent number: 6337119
    Abstract: Master discs and similar devices used in the production of digital data storage and recording discs and the like are produced with a substrate member which is provided with a layer of material which is applied to the substrate member in liquid form of a thickness greater than the surface roughness of the substrate member and of a thickness greater than any particulates present on the substrate member. The material layer is preferably a polymer such as epoxy, acrylic or styrene and is hardenable by exposure to UV light, heat, air circulation or catalytic reaction to provide a substantially smooth flat surface for receiving a data bearing film. The film may be treated to generate bumps or pits representing digital signals, for example, which are free of any defects resulting from surface roughness or contamination of the substrate member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2002
    Assignee: Headway Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Vern D. Shipman
  • Patent number: 6334966
    Abstract: An intrinsically conductive polymer is prepared with a chemical oxidative process. The polymer is prepared by first dipping or coating a substrate with an Fe(III)-containing oxidizer solution and drying. The substrate is then dipped or coated with a monomer, such as 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene solution, and reacted to form the conductive polymer. The monomer is dissolved in a solvent in which it has a high solubility but in which the Fe(III)-containing oxidizer has low solubility. This minimizes cross-contamination of the monomer and oxidizer dipping solutions thereby making this process suitable for high volume production. Dissolving the monomer in a solvent allows control over the stoichiometric ratio of monomer to oxidizer and prevents an excess of monomer thereby facilitating the removal of any unreacted monomer by water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2002
    Assignee: Kemet Electronics Corporation
    Inventors: Randolph S. Hahn, Philip M. Lessner, Brian J. Melody, John T. Kinard
  • Publication number: 20010046565
    Abstract: A process for plating metal in submicron structures. A seedlayer is deposited on surfaces of submicron structures. The seedlayer is annealed at a temperature of about 80° C. to about 130° C. Metal is plated on the seedlayer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2001
    Publication date: November 29, 2001
    Inventors: Cyprian E. Uzoh, Peter S. Locke
  • Patent number: 6312757
    Abstract: The invention concerns a diaphragm chlor-alkali electrolysis cell comprising a cover, a conductive base for supporting the anodes and a cathode in the form of a box provided with internal wall, external wall and tubular fingers made of a mesh or perforated sheet covered with a porous diaphragm. One or more copper sheets for electric current distribution are fixed to the cathode external walls. The connection between the copper sheets and the cathode external walls is made by means of bolts with the interposition of a conductive and deformable element provided with residual elasticity under compression. The weldings for the assembling of the cathode walls are free from internal stresses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2001
    Assignees: De Nora S.p.A., Elf Atochem S.A.
    Inventors: Jean-Claude Fort, Corrado Mojana, Pierluigi Borrione
  • Patent number: 6300294
    Abstract: A method of dispensing a lubricant into a micromechanical device package and a micromechanical device package containing the lubricant. The method comprises the steps of mixing (102) the lubricant, typically a perfluoroalkanoic acid such as perfluorodecanoic acid with a suitable solvent, typically an ether solvent such as tetrahydrofuran or tert-butyl methyl ether. The mixture is allowed to equilibriate (104) before being filtered (106) to remove solid particles. The filtered solution is applied (108) to a surface that will be on the interior of the package, typically the ceramic substrate. The deposited mixture is then cured (110) to remove most, if not all, of the solvent, and the package is sealed (112).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Roger A. Robbins, Simon Joshua Jacobs
  • Patent number: 6291019
    Abstract: A method for damping vibration of a substrate comprises the step of applying a liquid material onto the substrate in an ambient environment, wherein, after application to the substrate, the material cures substantially instantaneously in the ambient environment. The damping composition usable therefor comprises a resin component and an isocyanate component. The resin component includes a polymer(s) for imparting tensile strength, hardness and flexibility; an optional chain extender(s) for imparting tensile strength, weatherability, flexibility, adhesion to specific substrates, and hardness; and an optional filler for imparting hardness, flexibility, and specific noise, vibration and harshness blocking characteristics to the after-application, cured surface. The isocyanate component of the composition includes an isocyanate quasi-prepolymer(s) based on a uretonimine modified MDI and a high molecular weight polyether polyol having an isocyanate equivalent content of 15.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2001
    Assignee: Mackinac Investors, LLC
    Inventors: Ralph J. Locke, Daniel W. Irvine
  • Patent number: 6287704
    Abstract: A chromium(VI)-free, chromium(III)-containing and substantially coherent conversion layer on zinc or zinc alloys presenting, even in the absence of further components such as silicate, cerium, aluminum and borate, a corrosion protection of approx. 100 to 1000 h in the salt spray test according to DIN 50021 SS or ASTM B 117-73 until first attack according to DIN 50961 Chapter 10; being clear, transparent and substantially colorless and presenting multi-colored iridescence; having a layer thickness of approx. 100 nm to 1000 nm; and being hard, adhering well and being resistant to wiping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2001
    Assignee: Surtec Produkte und System fur die Oberflachenbehandlung GmbH
    Inventors: Patricia Preikschat, Rolf Jansen, Peter Hulser
  • Patent number: 6287640
    Abstract: A method of treating a substrate comprises contacting a surface of said substrate with a pressurized fluid comprising carbon dioxide and a surface treatment component, the surface treatment component being one which binds to the substrate. The contacting step is preferably carried out by immersion, the fluid is preferably a liquid or supercritical fluid, the substrate is preferably a metal or fabric substrate, and the surface treatment component is preferably a fluoroacrylate polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2001
    Assignee: MiCell Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: James B. McClain, James P. DeYoung, Timothy J. Romack
  • Patent number: 6280800
    Abstract: Metal surfaces which are pre-treated with high-energy NIR-radiation and then coated with a powder or a liquid coating composition, followed by curing or drying the coating composition, show better adhesion to the coating and improved appearance and performance and the process is more cost effective.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2001
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Olaf Thiele, Frank Zimmermann
  • Patent number: 6281157
    Abstract: Disclosed are a self-catalytic bath and a method for the deposition of Ni—P alloy on a substrate. The bath comprises nickel sulfate, sodium hypophosphite as a reducing agent, acetic acid as a buffer and traces of lead as a stabilizer. It also includes a citrate used as a complexing agent associated with a gluconate used both as a catalyst and a stabilizer. The disclosed bath makes it possible to tolerate large quantities of hypophosphite and is relatively long-lived. Furthermore, it can be used to prepare large quantities of Ni—P alloy per liter of solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2001
    Assignee: STMicroelectronics S.A.
    Inventors: Abdallah Tangi, Mohamed Elhark, Ali Ben Bachir, Abdellah Srhiri, Mohamed Cherkaoui, Mohamed Ebntouhami, El Mustapha Saaoudi
  • Publication number: 20010016232
    Abstract: A method for enhancing the solderability of a metallic surface is disclosed where the metallic surface is plated with an immersion silver plate prior to soldering, which immersion silver plate is treated with an additive selected from the group consisting of fatty amines, fatty amides, quaternary salts, amphateric salts, resinous amines, resinous amides, fatty acids, resinous acids, ethoxylated derivatives of any of the foregoing, and mixtures of any of the foregoing. The immersion silver deposits created are resistant to electromigration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2001
    Publication date: August 23, 2001
    Inventors: Ronald Redline, David Sawoska, Peter Kukanskis
  • Patent number: 6274200
    Abstract: A ferrous-alloy aircraft structural component such as a fastener is prepared by providing a ferrous-alloy component precursor that is not in its final heat-treated state, and coating with an aluminum-containing, curable organic coating material having a non-volatile portion that is predominantly organic and is curable at about the ferrous-alloy component's tempering temperature. The coated, ferrous-alloy is then tempered to concurrently impart predetermined metallurgical properties to the finished, ferrous-alloy material, and cure the organic, aluminum-containing coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2001
    Assignee: Boeing North American, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven G. Keener, Kevin T. Ruth
  • Patent number: 6271186
    Abstract: This invention describes a contact lubricant composition for protecting electrical contacts from failure by fretting damage. This lubricant composition is also able to restore and rejuvenate electrical contacts that have failed in service by fretting damage, allowing such contacts to be returned to service. This contact lubricant consists of an optimum mixture of fifty volume percent polyphenyl ether and fifty volume percent polypropylene monobutyl ether. This combination of materials in a lubricant mixture is still effective at volume percentages of polyphenyl ether as low as ten volume percent. This contact lubricant composition was developed and demonstrated to be effective by extensive laboratory fretting tests on various common electrical contact materials and configurations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2001
    Inventors: Harry C. Hardee, Neil R. Aukland
  • Patent number: 6270850
    Abstract: A method for improving the quality of a dip coated layer that is deposited by flowing a solution along a substrate in a gap between the substrate and a wall, including: (a) determining a yield stress, a viscosity, a density, and a surface tension of the solution, and selecting a wet thickness of the coated layer; (b) determining a coating speed based on the determined viscosity, the determined density, the determined surface tension of the solution, and the selected wet layer thickness; and (c) selecting a distance for the gap and calculating the shear stress of the solution in the gap based on the gap distance, wherein the shear stress is greater than the yield stress.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2001
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jian Cai, Huoy-Jen Yuh, Merlin E. Scharfe, Robert F. Dunham
  • Patent number: 6268017
    Abstract: A method for providing a partial plating to a lead pin, comprising the steps of plating an entire surface of the lead pin; covering a first part of a plated surface of the lead pin by a gel member; and subjecting a second part of the plated surface of the lead pin, which extends out of the gel member, to a metal-coating removing agent, to remove a metal coating of the second part of the plated surface. The plating step may include providing a composite plating on the entire surface of the lead pin, and the subjecting step may include removing an uppermost metal layer of the composite plating by the metal-coating removing agent. The composite plating may include a nickel base layer and a gold uppermost layer deposited on the nickel base layer. The gel member may be formed from a non-oily clay or paper-mache for handcraft use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2001
    Assignee: Fujitsu Takamisawa Component Limited
    Inventors: Masayuki Takeuchi, Katsumasa Yoshinari, Kazuyiki Futaki, Kouji Nishimura, Yoshinobu Miyanoo, Ryoji Arai, Nobuyuki Takei
  • Patent number: 6258913
    Abstract: The invention relates to novel polymeric organosilicon compounds comprising hydrocarbon radicals with at least one aliphatic carbon-carbon double bond in a terminal position. To produce these compounds, (A) compounds containing at least one aliphatic carbon-carbon double bond per molecule, in a terminal position, are reacted with (B) oligomeric or polymeric organosilicon compounds containing units of the general formula R1R2SiO1/2 and units of the general formula HRSiO and/or HSiO3/2 and possibly units of the general formula R2SiO, where R is a monovalent, possibly substituted, hydrocarbon radical with between 1 and 18 carbon atoms per radical, which is free of aliphatic carbon-carbon double bonds, and R1 is a monovalent hydrocarbon radical with between 1 and 18 carbon atoms per radical which has at least one aliphatic carbon-carbon double bond in a terminal position, subject to the condition that the sum of the units HRSiO and R1R2SiO1/2 on average is greater than 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Assignee: Wacker-Chemie GmbH
    Inventors: Christian Herzig, Robert Banfic, Reinhard Stallbauer, Bernward Deubzer, David Heuttner
  • Patent number: 6254930
    Abstract: Coating for the tube sheets and heat exchanger coolant tubes extending from them, especially steam condensers, based on hardening plastic mixtures, obtainable by cleaning the surfaces provided for coating using an abrasive; closing the tube inlets and outlets (or tube inlets only) with removable plugs; applying at least one layer of a hardening plastic coating on the tube sheet; allowing the coating to harden so that additional mechanical processing can ensue, and processing the surface; removing the plugs from the tube inlets and outlets (or tube inlets only) as well as applying at least one layer of a hardening plastic coating at least in the inlet area of the coolant tube, and allowing it to harden, coating of the coolant tubes by timed applications being done reactively to the tube sheet coating and the coolant tube coating exhibiting in comparison to the tube sheet coating a greater elasticity having an elongation at tear at least 2% greater in accordance with ASTM D522 with respect to the elongation at
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Inventor: Richard Kreiselmaier
  • Patent number: 6254979
    Abstract: A low friction, low contact resistance coating for electrical terminal members, especially members made of copper base alloys and low carbon steel alloys and plastics, is formed of a coarse electroplate of tin or silver characterized by grains having an average dimension in the range of about 0.5 to 10 micrometers where such grains carry very small particles of polytetrafluoroethylene or the like having average diameters in the range up to about 0.30 micrometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: George Albert Drew, Mark S. Ricketts, Bryan A. Gillispie, Yang-Tse Cheng, Robert A. Suchanek
  • Patent number: 6251475
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for the preparation of semi-soft or soft magnetic layers. The process involves chemical reduction in aqueous medium of one or more types of metal ions including nickel ions, washing the resulting dispersion of metal particles, and coating this dispersion onto a support. The resulting magnetic layers can be used in an anti-theft system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2001
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert
    Inventors: Hieronymus Andriessen, Steven Lezy
  • Patent number: 6238541
    Abstract: A method is provided for forming a film having excellent anticorrosion properties on a metal surface without producing sludge, and without using phosphorus or chromium. In this method, the following steps (a)-(c) are performed on a metal material: (a) degreasing, (b-1) pretreatment if necessary, and (c) which comprises the following steps (c-1) or (c-2). The film-forming step (c-1) is a step for forming a film by bringing the metal material in contact with an aqueous solution comprising at least one of the following compositions (A), (B), (C) or (D): (A) is a monomer comprising a sulfonium group at one end of the molecule. (B) is a water-soluble polymer obtained by homopolymerization or copolymerization of the monomer (A). (C) is an emulsion or water-soluble polymer comprising a sulfonium group obtained by copolymerization of the monomer (A) and a radical-polymerizable unsaturated monomer excluding the monomer (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Assignee: Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Motohiro Sasaki, Katsutoshi Nagai, Katsuaki Yoshioka
  • Patent number: 6235410
    Abstract: A hot-dip Zn—Al—Mg plated steel sheet good in corrosion resistance and surface appearance that is a hot-dip Zn-base plated steel sheet obtained by forming on a surface of a steel sheet a hot-dip Zn—Al—Mg plating layer composed of Al: 4.0-10 wt. %, Mg: 1.0-4.0 wt. % and the balance of Zn and unavoidable impurities, the plating layer having a metallic structure including a primary crystal Al phase or a primary crystal Al phase and a Zn single phase in a matrix of Al/Zn/Zn2Mg ternary eutectic structure. To obtain a plating layer possessing this metallic structure, the cooling rate of the plating layer adhering to a steel strip extracted from a plating bath and the plating bath temperature are appropriately controlled in a continuous hot-dip plating machine and/or appropriate amounts of Ti and B are added to the bath.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2001
    Assignee: Nisshin Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Komatsu, Takao Tsujimura, Kouichi Watanabe, Nobuhiko Yamaki, Atsushi Andoh, Toshiharu Kittaka
  • Patent number: 6228437
    Abstract: The present invention is a process for modifying the properties of a porous freeform fabricated part by increasing its density and reducing its porosity. The porosity and density of a freeform fabricated part are altered by packing the pores in a freeform part with an infiltrant, such as a preceramic polymer. The process includes drawing a vacuum on or pressurizing the freeform part while it is in an infiltrant bath, thereby forcing the infiltrant into the pores of the freeform part. After removing the densified freeform part from the infiltrant bath, the freeform part is subjected to a treating process, such that the infiltrant within the pores transforms to a ceramic or ceramic-containing phase to thereby increasing the density of the freeform part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2001
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Wayde R. Schmidt