Carbide-, Nitride-, Or Sulfide-containing Layer Patents (Class 428/698)
  • Publication number: 20150111063
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to an article that includes a base substrate, an intermediate layer including at least one element or compound selected from titanium, chromium, indium, zirconium, tungsten, and titanium nitride on the base substrate, and a hydrophobic coating on the base substrate, wherein the hydrophobic coating includes a rare earth element material (e.g., a rare earth oxide, a rare earth carbide, a rare earth nitride, a rare earth fluoride, and/or a rare earth boride). An exposed surface of the hydrophobic coating has a dynamic contact angle with water of at least about 90 degrees. A method of manufacturing the article includes providing the base substrate and forming an intermediate layer coating on the base substrate (e.g., through sintering or sputtering) and then forming a hydrophobic coating on the intermediate layer (e.g., through sintering or sputtering).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Sami Khan, Gisele Azimi, Adam T. Paxson, Kripa K. Varanasi
  • Patent number: 9012876
    Abstract: Germanium antimony telluride materials are described, e.g., material of the formula GexSbyTezCmNn, wherein x is about 0.1-0.6, y is about 0-0.7, z is about 0.2-0.9, m is about 0.02-0.20, and n is about 0.2-0.20. One specific composition includes from 0 to 50% Sb, from 50 to 80% Te, from 20 to 50% Ge, from 3 to 20% N and from 2 to 15% carbon, wherein all atomic percentages of all components of the film total to 100 atomic %. Another specific composition includes from 10 to 50% Sb, from 50 to 80% Te, from 10 to 50% Ge, from 3 to 20% N and from 3 to 20% carbon, and wherein all atomic percentages of all components of the film total to 100 atomic %. Material of such composition is useful to form phase change films, e.g., as conformally coated on a phase change memory device substrate to fabricate a phase change random access memory cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Entegris, Inc.
    Inventor: Jun-Fei Zheng
  • Patent number: 9012043
    Abstract: A medical implant device or component thereof comprising a metal substrate and a coating layer structure provided on the substrate. The coating layer structure comprises an outermost layer of a ceramic material. A bonding structure is deposited between the metal substrate and the coating layer structure. The bonding structure comprises a chromium rich layer, which is deposited onto the metal substrate surface and has a higher concentration of chromium than the metal substrate, as well as a gradient layer having a composition gradient from the chromium rich layer towards the surface of the device providing increasing proportions of a gradient material which has structural correspondence with the layer of the coating layer structure that is most adjacent to the bonding structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
    Inventors: Ola Wilhelmsson, Tom Eriksson, Per Mårtensson
  • Patent number: 9006620
    Abstract: A transparent or translucent glass-ceramic plate, capable of covering or receiving at least one underlying heating element. The plate has a coating which at least partly masks the underlying heating element(s), while still allowing the heating element(s) and optional displays to be detected. At least 90% of the coating is on the face of the plate to be turned toward the heating element(s) and optional displays in the use position. The coating has a region or a group of regions known as a background region(s), wherein the background region(s) occupy most of the surface of the coating. The coating also has a region or a group of regions known as indicating region(s), wherein the indicating region(s) making it possible to display, relative to the background region(s), a pattern, a sign and/or the location of functional elements while also making it possible to detect if the elements are in operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Eurokera S.N.C.
    Inventors: Pablo Vilato, Franck Demol
  • Patent number: 9004465
    Abstract: A helical compression spring, preferably of steel, in particular CrSi steel or CrNi steel, comprises a coating which has at least one a-C: H: Me coating or a plurality of layers of CrN (16) and a-C: H: Me coatings (14) alternately. In a method for coating a helical compression spring, preferably of steel, a plurality of layers of CrN and a-C: H: Me coatings are applied alternately.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Burscheid GmbH
    Inventors: Marcus Kennedy, Han-Rainer Brillert, Michael Zinnabold
  • Patent number: 9005769
    Abstract: Substrates for joints for orthopaedic implants are described, wherein at least one of the sliding surfaces of non-ferrous metal alloys, in particular of cobalt, chromium, molybdenum alloys, has a coating consisting of niobium nitride nanolayers alternating with chromium nitride nanolayers, the lot being protected by a chromium nitride microlayer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Medacta International S.A.
    Inventors: Philippe Lambert, Alessandro Farinotti
  • Publication number: 20150099108
    Abstract: A process for producing a hard material layer on a substrate includes depositing a TiCNB hard material layer by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) from a gas system including a titanium source, a boron source, at least one nitrogen source and at least one carbon source, in which the carbon source includes an alkane having at least two carbon atoms, an alkene or an alkyne. A cutting tool includes a substrate to which a TiCNB hard material layer has been applied, in which a ratio of carbon atoms (C) to nitrogen atoms (N) in the TiCxNyB1-x-y system deposited on the substrate is 0.70?X?1.0, preferably 0.75?X?0.85, and a polished section through the substrate and the hard material layer is substantially free of an eta phase following Murakami etching.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventor: Christoph Czettl
  • Patent number: 8999531
    Abstract: A coated cBN sintered body has excellent wear resistance, fracture resistance, adhesiveness between a substrate and a coating, and a tool life of which is elongated as compared with conventional cBN sintered bodies. The coated cBN sintered body has a cBN sintered body substrate and a coating coated on the surface thereof. The cBN sintered body includes 76 to 90% by volume of cBN, and 10 to 24% by volume of a binder phase and inevitable impurities. An average grain size of cBN is 0.5 to 5.0 ?m, an average value of the thickness of the binder phase is 0.05 to 0.8 ?m, and the standard deviation of the thickness of the binder phase is 0.8 ?m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Tungaloy Corporation
    Inventors: Takahide Kudoh, Naohiro Kagawa, Takashi Umemura
  • Patent number: 8999532
    Abstract: Provided is a coating layer for cutting tools, as a hard coating layer stacked and formed in the sequence of a TiN layer, a TiCN layer, a bonding layer, an alumina (Al2O3) layer, and a cover layer from the bottom by using a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method on a parent material, able to improve cutting performance, because surface residual stress of the coating layer may be maintained in a compressive stress state by adjusting a composition of the cover layer without using a separate additional process, such as a blasting operation, or a mixed process of CVD and physical vapor deposition (PVD), and simultaneously the cover layer may also be used as a wear-resistant layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Korloy Inc.
    Inventors: Seong Woo Cho, Han Sung Kim, Dong Youl Lee, Dae Suk Han, Young Ho Seo, Seoun Young Ahn, Dong Bok Park
  • Patent number: 8999511
    Abstract: A cBN sintered body tool has the following feature. In at least one cross sectional surface of the cBN sintered body tool taken along a plane perpendicular to a joining surface having the largest area in joining surfaces between the cBN sintered body and the joining layer, a point C and a point D are assumed to represent points away by ¼ of the length of a line segment connecting a point A and a point B shown in a figure. A value obtained when an area of a region surrounded by a line segment connecting the point C and the point D, the first cBN particle, the second cBN particle, and the binder phase is divided by the length of the line segment connecting the point A and point B to each other is 0.14-0.6 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Yasunori Kobayashi, Satoru Kukino, Makoto Setoyama
  • Publication number: 20150079398
    Abstract: Embodiments of a layered-substrate comprising a substrate and a layer disposed thereon, wherein the layered-substrate is able to withstand fracture when assembled with a device that is dropped from a height of at least 100 cm onto a drop surface, are disclosed. The layered-substrate may exhibit a hardness of at least about 10 GPa or at least about 20 GPa. The substrate may include an amorphous substrate or a crystalline substrate. Examples of amorphous substrates include glass, which is optionally chemically strengthened. Examples of crystalline substrates include single crystal substrates (e.g. sapphire) and glass ceramics. Articles and/or devices including such layered-substrate and methods for making such devices are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Jaymin Amin, Alexandre Michel Mayolet, Charles Andrew Paulson, James Joseph Price, Kevin Barry Reiman
  • Patent number: 8980445
    Abstract: A semiconductor crystal and associated growth method are disclosed. The crystal includes a seed portion and a growth portion on the seed portion. The seed portion and the growth portion form a substantially right cylindrical single crystal of silicon carbide. A seed face defines an interface between the growth portion and the seed portion, with the seed face being substantially parallel to the bases of the right cylindrical crystal and being off-axis with respect to a basal plane of the single crystal. The growth portion replicates the polytype of the seed portion and the growth portion has a diameter of at least about 100 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Cree, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert T. Leonard, Mark Brady, Adrian Powell
  • Patent number: 8980398
    Abstract: A component which dissipates heat produced during operation thereof has a ceramic base the surface of which is covered in at least one area by a metalized coating, the ceramic base being spatially structured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: CeramTee GmbH
    Inventor: Claus Peter Kluge
  • Patent number: 8980386
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments of this invention relate to articles including anticondenzation coatings that are exposed to an external environment, and/or methods of making the same. In certain example embodiments, the anticondenzation coatings may be survivable in an outside environment. The coatings also may have a sufficiently low sheet resistance and hemispherical emissivity such that the glass surface is more likely to retain heat from the interior area, thereby reducing (and sometimes completely eliminating) the presence condensation thereon. The articles of certain example embodiments may be, for example, skylights, vehicle windows or windshields, IG units, VIG units, refrigerator/freezer doors, and/or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Jean-Marc Lemmer, Nestor P. Murphy
  • Patent number: 8980446
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a method for depositing mixed crystal layers with at least two different metals on a substrate by means of PVD methods. To provide a method of depositing mixed crystal layers with at least two different metals on a substrate by means of PVD methods, which gives mixed crystal layers which are as free as possible of macroparticles (droplets) and which have a proportion as high as possible of a desired crystalline phase and which are highly crystalline, it is proposed according to the invention that deposition of the mixed crystal layer is effected with simultaneous application of i) the cathode sputtering method of dual magnetron sputtering or high power impulse magnetron sputtering and ii) arc vapour deposition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Walter AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Engelhart, Veit Schier
  • Patent number: 8980027
    Abstract: The method comprises the steps of: forming a porous fiber-reinforcing structure; introducing into the pores of the fiber structure powders containing elements for constituting the composite material matrix; and forming at least a main fraction of the matrix from said powders by causing a reaction to take place between said powders or between at least a portion of said powders and at least one delivered additional element; the powders introduced into the fiber structure and the delivered additional element(s) comprising elements that form at least one healing discontinuous matrix phase including a boron compound and at least one discontinuous matrix phase including a crack-deflecting compound of lamellar structure. At least a main fraction of the matrix is formed by chemical reaction between the powders introduced into the fiber structure and at least one delivered additional element, or by sintering the powders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Herakles
    Inventors: René Pailler, Nicolas Eberling-Fux, Eric Philippe, Sébastien Bertrand
  • Publication number: 20150072123
    Abstract: Disclosed is a coating material for aluminum die casting and a method for coating the same, the coating material including: a CrN adhesion layer formed on a surface of a base material; a TrAlN/CrN support layer formed on a surface of the CrN adhesion layer; and a TiAl(CrSi)VCN functional layer formed on a surface of the TiAlN/CrN support layer. The present coating material solves the hot stamping and sticking problem of a conventional aluminum die casting mold and the like, enhances thermal resistance, and further has enhanced thermal resistance, high-temperature wear resistance, sticking resistance and thermal impact resistance compared to that of a conventional coating material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY
    Inventors: Sung-Chul Cha, Seong-Jin Kim, Seong-Hoon Lee
  • Publication number: 20150072135
    Abstract: A cutting tool hard film disposed as coating on a surface of a cutting tool, includes: a hard phase that is a nitride phase, an oxide phase, a carbide phase, a carbonitride phase, or a boride phase containing at least one element out of group IVa elements, group Va elements, group VIa elements, Al, and Si; and a binding phase that is a phase containing at least one element out of Au, Ag, and Cu, the cutting tool hard film having composite structure with the hard phase and the binding phase three-dimensionally arranged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: OSG CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masatoshi Sakurai, Takaomi Toihara
  • Publication number: 20150072119
    Abstract: A multi-layer structure including an interlayer to relieve stress in the structure, a device including the structure, and a method of forming the device and structure are disclosed. The structure includes a substrate having a first coefficient of thermal expansion, an interlayer, and a coating having a second coefficient of thermal expansion. The interlayer reduces stress in the structure that would otherwise exist in the structure as a result of the difference in coefficients of thermal expansion of the substrate and the coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Steven George, Shih-Hui Jen, Peter Carcia, Robert McLean
  • Patent number: 8974896
    Abstract: An article is coated with a coating having a dark color. In a preferred embodiment, the coating comprises a nickel or polymer basecoat layer, a first metal oxycarbide color layer comprised of 15 atomic percent carbon, 25 to 30 atomic percent oxygen, and 55 to 60 percent atomic percent refractory metal, a second metal oxycarbide color layer comprised of 10 atomic percent carbon, 50 to 60 atomic percent oxygen, and 30 to 40 atomic percent refractory metal, and a top layer of refractory metal oxides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Vapor Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas L. Peterson, Bryce R. Anton
  • Publication number: 20150064471
    Abstract: A metal dichalcogenide layer is produced on a transfer substrate by seeding F16CuPc molecules on a surface of a growth substrate, growing a layer (e.g., a monolayer) of a metal dichalcogenide via chemical vapor deposition on the growth substrate surface seeded with F16CuPc molecules, and contacting the F16CuPc-molecule and metal-dichalcogenide coated growth substrate with a composition that releases the metal dichalcogenide from the growth substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Mildred S. Dresselhaus, Jing Kong, Yi-Hsien Lee, Xi Ling
  • Publication number: 20150064453
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention includes a base material and a coating formed on the base material, the coating includes one or two or more layers, a layer among these layers that abuts on the base material is a TiN layer, the TiN layer contains at least one element together with TiN, the element has a concentration distribution in a thickness direction of the TiN layer, and the concentration distribution includes a region where the concentration of the element decreases in a direction from the base material toward a surface of the coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC HARDMETAL CORP.
    Inventors: Shinya Imamura, Takahiro Ichikawa, Susumu Okuno, Hideaki Kanaoka, Keiichi Tsuda
  • Patent number: 8968866
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool excellent in wear resistance is provided. The surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention includes a base material and a coating formed on the base material. The coating includes an inner layer and an outer layer. The inner layer is a single layer or a multilayer stack constituted of two or more layers made of at least one element selected from the group consisting of group IVa elements, group Va elements, group VIa elements in the periodic table, Al, and Si, or a compound of at least one element selected from this group and at least one element selected from the group consisting of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and boron. The outer layer includes ?-aluminum oxide as a main component and exhibits an equivalent peak intensity PR(024) of a (024) plane of x-ray diffraction of larger than 1.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Chikako Kojima, Yoshio Okada, Hideaki Kanaoka, Hiroyuki Morimoto, Anongsack Paseuth, Erika Iwai
  • Publication number: 20150054127
    Abstract: Some embodiments include a method of forming a capacitor. An opening is formed through a silicon-containing mass to a base, and sidewalls of the opening are lined with protective material. A first capacitor electrode is formed within the opening and has sidewalls along the protective material. At least some of the silicon-containing mass is removed with an etch. The protective material protects the first capacitor electrode from being removed by the etch. A second capacitor electrode is formed along the sidewalls of the first capacitor electrode, and is spaced from the first capacitor electrode by capacitor dielectric. Some embodiments include multi-material structures having one or more of aluminum nitride, molybdenum nitride, niobium nitride, niobium oxide, silicon dioxide, tantalum nitride and tantalum oxide. Some embodiments include semiconductor constructions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Joseph Neil Greeley, Duane M. Goodner, Vishwanath Bhat, Vassil N. Antonov, Prashant Raghu
  • Patent number: 8962126
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool, which has a hard-coating layer with excellent chipping and fracturing resistances in a high speed intermittent cutting work, is provided. The surface-coated cutting tool includes a cutting tool body, which is made of WC cemented carbide or TiCN-based cermet, and a hard-coating layer, which is vapor deposited on the cutting tool body and has a lower layer and an upper layer. The lower layer is a Ti compound layer, and the upper layer is an aluminum oxide layer. There is a micropore-rich layer in the lower layer in the vicinity of the interface between the lower and upper layers. There are micropores with diameters of 2 to 70 nm in the micropore-rich layer. The diameters of the micropores in the micropore-rich layer shows a bimodal distribution pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Sho Tatsuoka, Kohei Tomita, Akira Osada, Eiji Nakamura
  • Patent number: 8956722
    Abstract: The invention thus relates to a layer system (1) for the formation of a surface layer on a surface of a substrate, in particular on the surface of a tool, in particular on the surface of a shaping tool, wherein the layer system includes at least a first surface layer of the composition (VaMebMcXd)?(NuCvOw)?, where (a+b+c+d)=?, ?=100%, with respect to the atoms Va,Meb,Mc,Xd present in the layer, (u+v+w)=?. ?=100 with respect to the atoms N, C, O present in the layer, with the sum of all the atoms in the layer (?+?)=100 at %, where 40???80 at % applies, and where Meb is at least one element from the group of chemical elements including Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Mo, W, Ni, Cu, Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm of the periodic system of chemical elements and Mc is at least one element of the group of chemical elements including Ti, Cr, and Xd is at least one element from the group of chemical elements including S, Se, Si, B of the periodic system of elements, where 0?u?100, 0?v?100 and 0?w?80.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Oerlikon Metaplas GmbH
    Inventors: Joerg Vetter, Georg Erkens
  • Patent number: 8956721
    Abstract: A surface treatment method for metal substrate includes: a metal substrate is provided; a first color layer is deposited on the metal substrate, the first color layer being a TiC layer or a TiN layer; a second color layer is deposited on the first color layer, the first color layer being a CrC layer or a CrN layer, the color of the first color layer being different from the color of the second color layer; forming a shielding layer on partially of the second color layer; electrochemical etching the metal substrate, the second color layer not covered with the shielding layer being removed to form a recessed portion, the recessed portion being extend through the second color layer. A coated article for manufactured by the surface treatment method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignees: Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry Co., Ltd., FIH (Hong Kong) Limited
    Inventors: Ting Ding, Da-Hua Cao
  • Patent number: 8951617
    Abstract: The invention relates to a multiple glazing including at least two substrates, one substrate being coated on an inner face in contact with a gas-filled cavity with a thin-film multilayer coating having reflection properties in the infrared and/or in solar radiation, the coating including a metallic functional layer and at least two dielectric films, each including at least one dielectric layer, the metallic functional layer being placed between the two dielectric films, characterized in that the two dielectric films each include at least one absorbent layer which is placed in the dielectric film between two dielectric layers, the absorbent material of the absorbent layers being symmetrically placed on either side of the metallic functional layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Glass France
    Inventors: Vincent Reymond, Hadia Gerardin, Sylvain Belliot, Veronique Rondeau, Eric Petitjean
  • Publication number: 20150037568
    Abstract: A film is formed under vacuum by a step of purifying and/or flattening the base material (13) by irradiating the base material (13) with a gas cluster ion beam (4a); by a step of forming an intermediate layer film by evaporating/vaporizing an intermediate layer film forming material, allowing the evaporated/vaporized material to adhere to the surface of the base material (13), and irradiating the intermediate layer film forming material with a gas cluster ion beam (4a); and by evaporating/vaporizing a carbon film forming material containing a carbonaceous material containing substantially no hydrogen, and a boron material, allowing the evaporated/vaporized material to adhere to the surface of the intermediate layer film, and irradiating the carbon film forming material with a gas cluster ion beam (4a).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2011
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: NOMURA PLATING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Teruyuki Kitagawa, Shuhei Nomura
  • Patent number: 8945707
    Abstract: The surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention is characterized in that a region of 10 ?m in a surface of the base material from point a? to point b? has two to seven cracks with a width of not more than 200 nm, or two to ten pores are present per length of 10 ?m in the surface of the base material from point a? to point b?, where points a? and b? are points defined respectively by lines drawn perpendicularly from points a and b to the surface of the base material where point a is a position located away from an edge ridgeline toward a rake face by distance La and point b is a position located away from the edge ridgeline toward a flank face by distance Lb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Hideaki Kanaoka, Yoshio Okada, Chikako Kojima, Anongsack Paseuth, Erika Iwai, Hiroyuki Morimoto
  • Patent number: 8946692
    Abstract: Disclosed is a substrate-mediated assembly for graphene structures. According to an embodiment, long-range ordered, multilayer BN(111) films can be formed by atomic layer deposition (ALD) onto a substrate. The subject BN(111) films can then be used to order carbon atoms into a graphene sheet during a carbon deposition process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: University of North Texas
    Inventor: Jeffry A Kelber
  • Patent number: 8945250
    Abstract: A cutting tool insert for turning of hardened steels and tool steels includes a textured CVD ?-Al2O3 coated cemented carbide body. The cemented carbide body has 4.0-7.0 wt-% Co and 0.25-0.50 wt-% Cr and an S-value of 0.68-0.88 and a coercivity (Hc) of 28-38 kA/m. The ?-Al2O3 layer has a thickness ranging from 7 to 12 ?m, is composed of columnar grains having a length/width ratio from 2 to 12 and is deposited on an MTCVD Ti(C,N) layer having a thickness from 4 to 12 ?m. The alumina layer is characterised by a pronounced (006) growth texture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Seco Tools AB
    Inventor: Hindrik Engstrom
  • Patent number: 8945251
    Abstract: A cutting tool with a substrate which is coated with a coating layer containing TiaAlbNbdMe(C1-xNx), where M represents one or more elements selected from among Si, W, Mo, Ta, Hf, Cr, Zr and Y, where 0.1?a?0.7, 0?b?0.8, 0.02?d?0.25, 0?e?0.25, a+b+d+e=1.0 and 0?x?1 and is provided with a rake face; a flank face; a cutting edge between the rake face and the flank face; and droplets on the surface of the coating layer. The droplets include finer droplets having particle diameters of 300 nm or less; and coarser droplets having particle diameters of 1000 nm or more. The flank face has a higher percentage of the finer droplets than the rake face. An Nb content in the coarser droplets on the flank face is higher than an Nb of the coarser droplets on the rake face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Kyocera Corporation
    Inventors: Masahiro Waki, Mitsuru Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 8945713
    Abstract: Disclosed is a glass material for press forming providing an optical element having a sufficient optical performance without surface cracks, cloudiness, scratches, and the like even when the glass material contains an easily reducible component. Also disclosed are an optical element having a sufficient optical performance without surface cracks, cloudiness, scratches, and the like and a method for manufacturing the same. Specifically disclosed are a glass material for press forming and a glass optical element each of which comprises a core portion composed of multiple component optical glass and a composite surface layer covering at least a region serving as an optical functional surface of the core portion. The core portion is composed of optical glass that contains an easily reducible component and does not contain Pb. The composite surface layer includes a first surface layer that covers the core portion and a second surface layer that covers the first surface layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Hoya Corporation
    Inventors: Kouichi Satou, Yuuichi Tokunaga
  • Publication number: 20150029681
    Abstract: A flexible composite comprising a plastic foil, having an upper and a lower surface, and at least one dielectric barrier layer against gases and liquids which is applied directly to at least one of the surfaces by plasma-enhanced thermal vapor deposition and comprises an inorganic vapor-depositable material, is provided. The flexible composite can be used for constructing flexible circuits or displays and has a high barrier effect with regard to oxygen and/or water vapor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: EVONIK INDUSTRIES AG
    Inventors: Helmut MACK, Philipp ALBERT, Bjoern BORUP, Anil K. SAXENA
  • Patent number: 8940399
    Abstract: This invention relates to a coated article including a low-emissivity (low-E) coating. In certain example embodiments, the low-E coating is provided on a substrate (e.g., glass substrate) and includes at least first and second infrared (IR) reflecting layers (e.g., silver based layers) that are spaced apart by contact layers (e.g., NiCr based layers) and a dielectric layer of or including a material such as silicon nitride. In certain example embodiments, the coated article has a low visible transmission (e.g., no greater than 50%, more preferably no greater than about 40%, and most preferably no greater than about 39%).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Francis Wuillaume, Muhammad Imran, Afonso Kreling, Brent Boyce
  • Patent number: 8936117
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a polycrystalline diamond compact includes a polycrystalline diamond table having nanocrystalline diamond present in an amount greater than zero weight percent to about 5 weight percent of the polycrystalline diamond table. The polycrystalline diamond table including a catalyst material distributed throughout at least a portion thereof. The polycrystalline diamond compact includes a substrate bonded to the polycrystalline diamond table.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: US Synthetic Corporation
    Inventor: Michael A. Vail
  • Patent number: 8932707
    Abstract: A hard film excellent in abrasion resistance and heat resistance includes: a first film consisting of AlaCrb(SiC)c?dN, where ? denotes one or more elements of groups IVa, Va, VIa (except Cr) of the periodic table, B, C, Si, and Y; a b, c, and d are atom ratios within ranges of 0.35?a?0.76, 0.12?b?0.43, 0.05?c?0.20, and 0?d?0.20, respectively; an atom ratio b/a of Cr to Al is within a range of 0.25?b/a?0.67; and a+b+c+d=1 is satisfied. The first film disposed on a top surface, the hard film having a total thickness Ttotal within a range of 0.5 ?m to 15 ?m with a thickness T1 of the first film or, if another film portion having the same film components as the first film is included, a thickness including the film thickness T1 and the another film portion accounting for 20% or more of the total thickness Ttotal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: OSG Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroaki Sugita, Takamasa Suzuki
  • Patent number: 8932164
    Abstract: There is provided a wear-resistant chain having a high durability even in severe use environments such as those of a timing chain of an engine even though it is highly efficient and productive. A miniaturizing agent containing silicon is doped in a vanadium cementation process of a base material of steel. Vanadium carbide forming a surface-hardened layer contains a secondary phase composed of an amorphous structure containing silicon within crystal grains and a crystal grain size of the vanadium carbide is miniaturized to 1 ?m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Daido Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshio Okumura, Mitsuru Yasuta, Yukihiro Kishi
  • Patent number: 8932737
    Abstract: A coating and associated method for coating is disclosed. The coating provides a hard, transparent, UV blocking coating for a substrate. A UV blocking layer is first deposited upon the substrate, and a hard coating is deposited above the UV blocking layer. A soft coating layer may be deposited between the UV blocking layer and the hard coating. The soft and hard coating layers may both have the general composition SiOxCy. the soft and hard coating layers may be deposited by a plasma vapor deposition process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: David A. Bowen, Kjersta L. Larson-Smith, Vasan S. Sundaram
  • Patent number: 8927107
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to a coated jewelry article or a coated component of a jewelry article, comprising a jewelry article or a component of a jewelry article, a first metallic coating, and a second metallic coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Frederick Goldman, Inc.
    Inventor: Andrew Derrig
  • Patent number: 8927111
    Abstract: There are provided a surface coating material for a molten zinc bath member with improved zinc corrosion resistance, a production method thereof, and a molten zinc bath member. The surface coating material comprises WC powder particles and a binder metal. The binder metal comprises Co and a metal element electrochemically nobler than Co and constitutes an alloy structure having a single phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Sanyo Special Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroki Ikeda, Katsu Yanagimoto
  • Patent number: 8926722
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a multilayer coating system deposited on at least a portion of a solid body surface and containing in the multilayer architecture Al—Cr—B—N individual layers deposited by means of a physical vapor deposition method characterized in that in at least a portion of the overall thickness of the multilayer coating system the Al—Cr—B—N individual layers are combined with Ti—Al—N individual layers, wherein the Al—Cr—B—N and Ti—Al—N individual layers are deposited alternately one on each other, and wherein the thickness of the Al—Cr—B—N individual layers is thicker than the thickness of the Ti—Al—N individual layers, and thereby the residual stress of the multilayer coating system is considerably lower in comparison to the residual stress of the corresponding analogical Al—Cr—B—N monolayer coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Oerlikon Trading AG, Truebbach
    Inventors: Markus Lechthaler, Christian Tritremmel
  • Publication number: 20150004435
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for growing a non-polar m-plane epitaxial layer on a single crystal oxide substrate, which comprises the following steps: providing a single crystal oxide with a perovskite structure; using a plane of the single crystal oxide as a substrate; and forming an m-plane epitaxial layer of wurtzite semiconductors on the plane of the single crystal oxide by a vapor deposition process, wherein the non-polar m-plane epitaxial layer may be GaN, or III-nitrides. The present invention also provides an epitaxial layer having an m-plane obtained according to the aforementioned method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Li CHANG, Yen-Teng HO
  • Publication number: 20140377507
    Abstract: The present application discloses a composite substrate used for GaN growth, comprising a thermally and electrically conductive layer (1) with a melting point greater than 1000° C. and a mono-crystalline GaN layer 2 (2) located on the thermally and electrically conductive layer (1). The thermally and electrically conductive layer (1) and the mono-crystalline GaN layer 2 (2) are bonded through a van der Waals force or a flexible medium layer (3). The composite substrate can further include a reflective layer (4) located at an inner side, a bottom part, or a bottom surface of the mono-crystalline GaN layer 2. In the disclosed composite substrate, iso-epitaxy required by GaN epitaxy is provided; crystalline quality is improved; and a vertical structure LED can be directly prepared. Further, a thin mono-crystalline GaN layer 2 greatly reduces cost, which is advantageous in applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2012
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Guoyi Zhang, Yongjian Sun, Yuzhen Tong
  • Patent number: 8911875
    Abstract: A sliding element, particularly a piston ring for an internal combustion engine, includes a substrate, and a wear-protection layer, obtained by thermal spraying of a powder comprising the element proportions 2-50 percent by weight iron, FE; 5-60 percent by weight tungsten, W; 5-40 percent by weight chrome, Cr; 5-25 percent by weight nickel, Ni; 1-5 percent by weight molybdenum, Mo; 1-10 carbon, C and 0.1-2 percent by weight silicon, Si; and a running-in layer, obtained by thermal spraying of a powder comprising the element proportions 60-95 percent by weight nickel; 5-40 percent by weight carbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Burscheid GmbH
    Inventors: Marcus Kennedy, Michael Zinnabold, Marc-Manuel Matz
  • Patent number: 8911867
    Abstract: The invention relates to a protective coating, having the chemical composition CaSibBdNeOgHlMem, wherein Me is at least one metal of the group consisting of {Al, Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, W, Y, Sc, La, Ce, Nd, Pm, Sm, Pr, Mg, Ni, Co, Fe, Mn}, with a+b+d+e+g+l+m=1. According to the invention, the following conditions are satisfied: 0.45?a?0.98, 0.01?b?0.40, 0.01?d?0.30, 0?e?0.35, 0?g?0.20, 0?l?0.35, 0?m?0.20. The invention relates also to a coated member having a protective coating, as well as to a method for producing a protective coating, in particular a multilayer film for a member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Oerlikon Metaplas GmbH
    Inventor: Jörg Vetter
  • Patent number: 8906522
    Abstract: Described are hybrid articles comprising at least one hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic component of at least 95% of theoretical density directly bonded to, and different from, a hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic composite component comprising a tribology enhancing component. The at least one hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic component comprises a member of the group consisting of silicon carbide, pressureless sintered silicon carbide, liquid phase sintered silicon carbide, reaction bonded silicon carbide, tungsten carbide, aluminum oxide, and silicon nitride. The at least one hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic composite component comprises a member of the group consisting of silicon carbide, pressureless sintered silicon carbide, liquid phase sintered silicon carbide, reaction bonded silicon carbide, tungsten carbide, aluminum oxide, and silicon nitride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Morgan Advanced Materials and Technology Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph Boylan
  • Patent number: 8906498
    Abstract: A method of making a sandwich of impact resistant material, the method comprising: providing a powder; performing a spark plasma sintering process on powder to form a tile; and coupling a ductile backing layer to the tile. In some embodiments, the powder comprises micron-sized particles. In some embodiments, the powder comprises nano-particles. In some embodiments, the powder comprises silicon carbide particles. In some embodiments, the powder comprises boron carbide particles. In some embodiments, the ductile backing layer comprises an adhesive layer. In some embodiments, the ductile backing layer comprises: a layer of polyethylene fibers; and an adhesive layer coupling the layer of polyethylene fibers to the tile, wherein the adhesive layer comprises a thickness of 1 to 3 millimeters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventor: Maximilian A. Biberger
  • Patent number: 8900336
    Abstract: A cutting tool in which wear resistance is improved by suppressing sudden chipping on the flank face while suppressing oxidation of the coating layer on the rake face, and thereby has a long lifespan even under cutting conditions in which deposition and edge damage easily occur. In the cutting tool, a coating layer represented by Ti1-a-b-cAlaWbMc(C1-xNx), with M selected as at least one of silicon, yttrium, and a metal belonging to group 4, 5, or 6 on the periodic table, excluding titanium and tungsten, and 0.3?a?0.6, 0.01?b?0.2, 0?c?0.2, and 0?x?1, being provided on the surface of a main cutting tool body having a flank face and a rake face, and the content ratio of tungsten on the flank face is higher than the content ratio of tungsten on the rake face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Kyocera Corporation
    Inventors: Mitsuru Hasegawa, Masahiro Waki