Carbide-, Nitride-, Or Sulfide-containing Layer Patents (Class 428/698)
  • Publication number: 20150072135
    Abstract: A cutting tool hard film disposed as coating on a surface of a cutting tool, includes: a hard phase that is a nitride phase, an oxide phase, a carbide phase, a carbonitride phase, or a boride phase containing at least one element out of group IVa elements, group Va elements, group VIa elements, Al, and Si; and a binding phase that is a phase containing at least one element out of Au, Ag, and Cu, the cutting tool hard film having composite structure with the hard phase and the binding phase three-dimensionally arranged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: OSG CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masatoshi Sakurai, Takaomi Toihara
  • Publication number: 20150072119
    Abstract: A multi-layer structure including an interlayer to relieve stress in the structure, a device including the structure, and a method of forming the device and structure are disclosed. The structure includes a substrate having a first coefficient of thermal expansion, an interlayer, and a coating having a second coefficient of thermal expansion. The interlayer reduces stress in the structure that would otherwise exist in the structure as a result of the difference in coefficients of thermal expansion of the substrate and the coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Steven George, Shih-Hui Jen, Peter Carcia, Robert McLean
  • Patent number: 8974896
    Abstract: An article is coated with a coating having a dark color. In a preferred embodiment, the coating comprises a nickel or polymer basecoat layer, a first metal oxycarbide color layer comprised of 15 atomic percent carbon, 25 to 30 atomic percent oxygen, and 55 to 60 percent atomic percent refractory metal, a second metal oxycarbide color layer comprised of 10 atomic percent carbon, 50 to 60 atomic percent oxygen, and 30 to 40 atomic percent refractory metal, and a top layer of refractory metal oxides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Vapor Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas L. Peterson, Bryce R. Anton
  • Publication number: 20150064471
    Abstract: A metal dichalcogenide layer is produced on a transfer substrate by seeding F16CuPc molecules on a surface of a growth substrate, growing a layer (e.g., a monolayer) of a metal dichalcogenide via chemical vapor deposition on the growth substrate surface seeded with F16CuPc molecules, and contacting the F16CuPc-molecule and metal-dichalcogenide coated growth substrate with a composition that releases the metal dichalcogenide from the growth substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Mildred S. Dresselhaus, Jing Kong, Yi-Hsien Lee, Xi Ling
  • Publication number: 20150064453
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention includes a base material and a coating formed on the base material, the coating includes one or two or more layers, a layer among these layers that abuts on the base material is a TiN layer, the TiN layer contains at least one element together with TiN, the element has a concentration distribution in a thickness direction of the TiN layer, and the concentration distribution includes a region where the concentration of the element decreases in a direction from the base material toward a surface of the coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC HARDMETAL CORP.
    Inventors: Shinya Imamura, Takahiro Ichikawa, Susumu Okuno, Hideaki Kanaoka, Keiichi Tsuda
  • Patent number: 8968866
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool excellent in wear resistance is provided. The surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention includes a base material and a coating formed on the base material. The coating includes an inner layer and an outer layer. The inner layer is a single layer or a multilayer stack constituted of two or more layers made of at least one element selected from the group consisting of group IVa elements, group Va elements, group VIa elements in the periodic table, Al, and Si, or a compound of at least one element selected from this group and at least one element selected from the group consisting of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and boron. The outer layer includes ?-aluminum oxide as a main component and exhibits an equivalent peak intensity PR(024) of a (024) plane of x-ray diffraction of larger than 1.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Chikako Kojima, Yoshio Okada, Hideaki Kanaoka, Hiroyuki Morimoto, Anongsack Paseuth, Erika Iwai
  • Publication number: 20150054127
    Abstract: Some embodiments include a method of forming a capacitor. An opening is formed through a silicon-containing mass to a base, and sidewalls of the opening are lined with protective material. A first capacitor electrode is formed within the opening and has sidewalls along the protective material. At least some of the silicon-containing mass is removed with an etch. The protective material protects the first capacitor electrode from being removed by the etch. A second capacitor electrode is formed along the sidewalls of the first capacitor electrode, and is spaced from the first capacitor electrode by capacitor dielectric. Some embodiments include multi-material structures having one or more of aluminum nitride, molybdenum nitride, niobium nitride, niobium oxide, silicon dioxide, tantalum nitride and tantalum oxide. Some embodiments include semiconductor constructions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Joseph Neil Greeley, Duane M. Goodner, Vishwanath Bhat, Vassil N. Antonov, Prashant Raghu
  • Patent number: 8962126
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool, which has a hard-coating layer with excellent chipping and fracturing resistances in a high speed intermittent cutting work, is provided. The surface-coated cutting tool includes a cutting tool body, which is made of WC cemented carbide or TiCN-based cermet, and a hard-coating layer, which is vapor deposited on the cutting tool body and has a lower layer and an upper layer. The lower layer is a Ti compound layer, and the upper layer is an aluminum oxide layer. There is a micropore-rich layer in the lower layer in the vicinity of the interface between the lower and upper layers. There are micropores with diameters of 2 to 70 nm in the micropore-rich layer. The diameters of the micropores in the micropore-rich layer shows a bimodal distribution pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Sho Tatsuoka, Kohei Tomita, Akira Osada, Eiji Nakamura
  • Patent number: 8956722
    Abstract: The invention thus relates to a layer system (1) for the formation of a surface layer on a surface of a substrate, in particular on the surface of a tool, in particular on the surface of a shaping tool, wherein the layer system includes at least a first surface layer of the composition (VaMebMcXd)?(NuCvOw)?, where (a+b+c+d)=?, ?=100%, with respect to the atoms Va,Meb,Mc,Xd present in the layer, (u+v+w)=?. ?=100 with respect to the atoms N, C, O present in the layer, with the sum of all the atoms in the layer (?+?)=100 at %, where 40???80 at % applies, and where Meb is at least one element from the group of chemical elements including Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Mo, W, Ni, Cu, Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm of the periodic system of chemical elements and Mc is at least one element of the group of chemical elements including Ti, Cr, and Xd is at least one element from the group of chemical elements including S, Se, Si, B of the periodic system of elements, where 0?u?100, 0?v?100 and 0?w?80.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Oerlikon Metaplas GmbH
    Inventors: Joerg Vetter, Georg Erkens
  • Patent number: 8956721
    Abstract: A surface treatment method for metal substrate includes: a metal substrate is provided; a first color layer is deposited on the metal substrate, the first color layer being a TiC layer or a TiN layer; a second color layer is deposited on the first color layer, the first color layer being a CrC layer or a CrN layer, the color of the first color layer being different from the color of the second color layer; forming a shielding layer on partially of the second color layer; electrochemical etching the metal substrate, the second color layer not covered with the shielding layer being removed to form a recessed portion, the recessed portion being extend through the second color layer. A coated article for manufactured by the surface treatment method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignees: Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry Co., Ltd., FIH (Hong Kong) Limited
    Inventors: Ting Ding, Da-Hua Cao
  • Patent number: 8951617
    Abstract: The invention relates to a multiple glazing including at least two substrates, one substrate being coated on an inner face in contact with a gas-filled cavity with a thin-film multilayer coating having reflection properties in the infrared and/or in solar radiation, the coating including a metallic functional layer and at least two dielectric films, each including at least one dielectric layer, the metallic functional layer being placed between the two dielectric films, characterized in that the two dielectric films each include at least one absorbent layer which is placed in the dielectric film between two dielectric layers, the absorbent material of the absorbent layers being symmetrically placed on either side of the metallic functional layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Glass France
    Inventors: Vincent Reymond, Hadia Gerardin, Sylvain Belliot, Veronique Rondeau, Eric Petitjean
  • Publication number: 20150037568
    Abstract: A film is formed under vacuum by a step of purifying and/or flattening the base material (13) by irradiating the base material (13) with a gas cluster ion beam (4a); by a step of forming an intermediate layer film by evaporating/vaporizing an intermediate layer film forming material, allowing the evaporated/vaporized material to adhere to the surface of the base material (13), and irradiating the intermediate layer film forming material with a gas cluster ion beam (4a); and by evaporating/vaporizing a carbon film forming material containing a carbonaceous material containing substantially no hydrogen, and a boron material, allowing the evaporated/vaporized material to adhere to the surface of the intermediate layer film, and irradiating the carbon film forming material with a gas cluster ion beam (4a).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2011
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: NOMURA PLATING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Teruyuki Kitagawa, Shuhei Nomura
  • Patent number: 8945707
    Abstract: The surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention is characterized in that a region of 10 ?m in a surface of the base material from point a? to point b? has two to seven cracks with a width of not more than 200 nm, or two to ten pores are present per length of 10 ?m in the surface of the base material from point a? to point b?, where points a? and b? are points defined respectively by lines drawn perpendicularly from points a and b to the surface of the base material where point a is a position located away from an edge ridgeline toward a rake face by distance La and point b is a position located away from the edge ridgeline toward a flank face by distance Lb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Hideaki Kanaoka, Yoshio Okada, Chikako Kojima, Anongsack Paseuth, Erika Iwai, Hiroyuki Morimoto
  • Patent number: 8946692
    Abstract: Disclosed is a substrate-mediated assembly for graphene structures. According to an embodiment, long-range ordered, multilayer BN(111) films can be formed by atomic layer deposition (ALD) onto a substrate. The subject BN(111) films can then be used to order carbon atoms into a graphene sheet during a carbon deposition process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: University of North Texas
    Inventor: Jeffry A Kelber
  • Patent number: 8945250
    Abstract: A cutting tool insert for turning of hardened steels and tool steels includes a textured CVD ?-Al2O3 coated cemented carbide body. The cemented carbide body has 4.0-7.0 wt-% Co and 0.25-0.50 wt-% Cr and an S-value of 0.68-0.88 and a coercivity (Hc) of 28-38 kA/m. The ?-Al2O3 layer has a thickness ranging from 7 to 12 ?m, is composed of columnar grains having a length/width ratio from 2 to 12 and is deposited on an MTCVD Ti(C,N) layer having a thickness from 4 to 12 ?m. The alumina layer is characterised by a pronounced (006) growth texture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Seco Tools AB
    Inventor: Hindrik Engstrom
  • Patent number: 8945251
    Abstract: A cutting tool with a substrate which is coated with a coating layer containing TiaAlbNbdMe(C1-xNx), where M represents one or more elements selected from among Si, W, Mo, Ta, Hf, Cr, Zr and Y, where 0.1?a?0.7, 0?b?0.8, 0.02?d?0.25, 0?e?0.25, a+b+d+e=1.0 and 0?x?1 and is provided with a rake face; a flank face; a cutting edge between the rake face and the flank face; and droplets on the surface of the coating layer. The droplets include finer droplets having particle diameters of 300 nm or less; and coarser droplets having particle diameters of 1000 nm or more. The flank face has a higher percentage of the finer droplets than the rake face. An Nb content in the coarser droplets on the flank face is higher than an Nb of the coarser droplets on the rake face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Kyocera Corporation
    Inventors: Masahiro Waki, Mitsuru Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 8945713
    Abstract: Disclosed is a glass material for press forming providing an optical element having a sufficient optical performance without surface cracks, cloudiness, scratches, and the like even when the glass material contains an easily reducible component. Also disclosed are an optical element having a sufficient optical performance without surface cracks, cloudiness, scratches, and the like and a method for manufacturing the same. Specifically disclosed are a glass material for press forming and a glass optical element each of which comprises a core portion composed of multiple component optical glass and a composite surface layer covering at least a region serving as an optical functional surface of the core portion. The core portion is composed of optical glass that contains an easily reducible component and does not contain Pb. The composite surface layer includes a first surface layer that covers the core portion and a second surface layer that covers the first surface layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Hoya Corporation
    Inventors: Kouichi Satou, Yuuichi Tokunaga
  • Publication number: 20150029681
    Abstract: A flexible composite comprising a plastic foil, having an upper and a lower surface, and at least one dielectric barrier layer against gases and liquids which is applied directly to at least one of the surfaces by plasma-enhanced thermal vapor deposition and comprises an inorganic vapor-depositable material, is provided. The flexible composite can be used for constructing flexible circuits or displays and has a high barrier effect with regard to oxygen and/or water vapor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: EVONIK INDUSTRIES AG
    Inventors: Helmut MACK, Philipp ALBERT, Bjoern BORUP, Anil K. SAXENA
  • Patent number: 8940399
    Abstract: This invention relates to a coated article including a low-emissivity (low-E) coating. In certain example embodiments, the low-E coating is provided on a substrate (e.g., glass substrate) and includes at least first and second infrared (IR) reflecting layers (e.g., silver based layers) that are spaced apart by contact layers (e.g., NiCr based layers) and a dielectric layer of or including a material such as silicon nitride. In certain example embodiments, the coated article has a low visible transmission (e.g., no greater than 50%, more preferably no greater than about 40%, and most preferably no greater than about 39%).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Francis Wuillaume, Muhammad Imran, Afonso Kreling, Brent Boyce
  • Patent number: 8936117
    Abstract: In an embodiment, a polycrystalline diamond compact includes a polycrystalline diamond table having nanocrystalline diamond present in an amount greater than zero weight percent to about 5 weight percent of the polycrystalline diamond table. The polycrystalline diamond table including a catalyst material distributed throughout at least a portion thereof. The polycrystalline diamond compact includes a substrate bonded to the polycrystalline diamond table.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: US Synthetic Corporation
    Inventor: Michael A. Vail
  • Patent number: 8932707
    Abstract: A hard film excellent in abrasion resistance and heat resistance includes: a first film consisting of AlaCrb(SiC)c?dN, where ? denotes one or more elements of groups IVa, Va, VIa (except Cr) of the periodic table, B, C, Si, and Y; a b, c, and d are atom ratios within ranges of 0.35?a?0.76, 0.12?b?0.43, 0.05?c?0.20, and 0?d?0.20, respectively; an atom ratio b/a of Cr to Al is within a range of 0.25?b/a?0.67; and a+b+c+d=1 is satisfied. The first film disposed on a top surface, the hard film having a total thickness Ttotal within a range of 0.5 ?m to 15 ?m with a thickness T1 of the first film or, if another film portion having the same film components as the first film is included, a thickness including the film thickness T1 and the another film portion accounting for 20% or more of the total thickness Ttotal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: OSG Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroaki Sugita, Takamasa Suzuki
  • Patent number: 8932164
    Abstract: There is provided a wear-resistant chain having a high durability even in severe use environments such as those of a timing chain of an engine even though it is highly efficient and productive. A miniaturizing agent containing silicon is doped in a vanadium cementation process of a base material of steel. Vanadium carbide forming a surface-hardened layer contains a secondary phase composed of an amorphous structure containing silicon within crystal grains and a crystal grain size of the vanadium carbide is miniaturized to 1 ?m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Daido Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshio Okumura, Mitsuru Yasuta, Yukihiro Kishi
  • Patent number: 8932737
    Abstract: A coating and associated method for coating is disclosed. The coating provides a hard, transparent, UV blocking coating for a substrate. A UV blocking layer is first deposited upon the substrate, and a hard coating is deposited above the UV blocking layer. A soft coating layer may be deposited between the UV blocking layer and the hard coating. The soft and hard coating layers may both have the general composition SiOxCy. the soft and hard coating layers may be deposited by a plasma vapor deposition process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: David A. Bowen, Kjersta L. Larson-Smith, Vasan S. Sundaram
  • Patent number: 8927107
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to a coated jewelry article or a coated component of a jewelry article, comprising a jewelry article or a component of a jewelry article, a first metallic coating, and a second metallic coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Frederick Goldman, Inc.
    Inventor: Andrew Derrig
  • Patent number: 8927111
    Abstract: There are provided a surface coating material for a molten zinc bath member with improved zinc corrosion resistance, a production method thereof, and a molten zinc bath member. The surface coating material comprises WC powder particles and a binder metal. The binder metal comprises Co and a metal element electrochemically nobler than Co and constitutes an alloy structure having a single phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Sanyo Special Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroki Ikeda, Katsu Yanagimoto
  • Patent number: 8926722
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a multilayer coating system deposited on at least a portion of a solid body surface and containing in the multilayer architecture Al—Cr—B—N individual layers deposited by means of a physical vapor deposition method characterized in that in at least a portion of the overall thickness of the multilayer coating system the Al—Cr—B—N individual layers are combined with Ti—Al—N individual layers, wherein the Al—Cr—B—N and Ti—Al—N individual layers are deposited alternately one on each other, and wherein the thickness of the Al—Cr—B—N individual layers is thicker than the thickness of the Ti—Al—N individual layers, and thereby the residual stress of the multilayer coating system is considerably lower in comparison to the residual stress of the corresponding analogical Al—Cr—B—N monolayer coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Oerlikon Trading AG, Truebbach
    Inventors: Markus Lechthaler, Christian Tritremmel
  • Publication number: 20150004435
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for growing a non-polar m-plane epitaxial layer on a single crystal oxide substrate, which comprises the following steps: providing a single crystal oxide with a perovskite structure; using a plane of the single crystal oxide as a substrate; and forming an m-plane epitaxial layer of wurtzite semiconductors on the plane of the single crystal oxide by a vapor deposition process, wherein the non-polar m-plane epitaxial layer may be GaN, or III-nitrides. The present invention also provides an epitaxial layer having an m-plane obtained according to the aforementioned method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Li CHANG, Yen-Teng HO
  • Publication number: 20140377507
    Abstract: The present application discloses a composite substrate used for GaN growth, comprising a thermally and electrically conductive layer (1) with a melting point greater than 1000° C. and a mono-crystalline GaN layer 2 (2) located on the thermally and electrically conductive layer (1). The thermally and electrically conductive layer (1) and the mono-crystalline GaN layer 2 (2) are bonded through a van der Waals force or a flexible medium layer (3). The composite substrate can further include a reflective layer (4) located at an inner side, a bottom part, or a bottom surface of the mono-crystalline GaN layer 2. In the disclosed composite substrate, iso-epitaxy required by GaN epitaxy is provided; crystalline quality is improved; and a vertical structure LED can be directly prepared. Further, a thin mono-crystalline GaN layer 2 greatly reduces cost, which is advantageous in applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2012
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Guoyi Zhang, Yongjian Sun, Yuzhen Tong
  • Patent number: 8911875
    Abstract: A sliding element, particularly a piston ring for an internal combustion engine, includes a substrate, and a wear-protection layer, obtained by thermal spraying of a powder comprising the element proportions 2-50 percent by weight iron, FE; 5-60 percent by weight tungsten, W; 5-40 percent by weight chrome, Cr; 5-25 percent by weight nickel, Ni; 1-5 percent by weight molybdenum, Mo; 1-10 carbon, C and 0.1-2 percent by weight silicon, Si; and a running-in layer, obtained by thermal spraying of a powder comprising the element proportions 60-95 percent by weight nickel; 5-40 percent by weight carbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Burscheid GmbH
    Inventors: Marcus Kennedy, Michael Zinnabold, Marc-Manuel Matz
  • Patent number: 8911867
    Abstract: The invention relates to a protective coating, having the chemical composition CaSibBdNeOgHlMem, wherein Me is at least one metal of the group consisting of {Al, Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, W, Y, Sc, La, Ce, Nd, Pm, Sm, Pr, Mg, Ni, Co, Fe, Mn}, with a+b+d+e+g+l+m=1. According to the invention, the following conditions are satisfied: 0.45?a?0.98, 0.01?b?0.40, 0.01?d?0.30, 0?e?0.35, 0?g?0.20, 0?l?0.35, 0?m?0.20. The invention relates also to a coated member having a protective coating, as well as to a method for producing a protective coating, in particular a multilayer film for a member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Oerlikon Metaplas GmbH
    Inventor: Jörg Vetter
  • Patent number: 8906522
    Abstract: Described are hybrid articles comprising at least one hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic component of at least 95% of theoretical density directly bonded to, and different from, a hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic composite component comprising a tribology enhancing component. The at least one hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic component comprises a member of the group consisting of silicon carbide, pressureless sintered silicon carbide, liquid phase sintered silicon carbide, reaction bonded silicon carbide, tungsten carbide, aluminum oxide, and silicon nitride. The at least one hard non-oxide or oxide ceramic composite component comprises a member of the group consisting of silicon carbide, pressureless sintered silicon carbide, liquid phase sintered silicon carbide, reaction bonded silicon carbide, tungsten carbide, aluminum oxide, and silicon nitride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Morgan Advanced Materials and Technology Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph Boylan
  • Patent number: 8906498
    Abstract: A method of making a sandwich of impact resistant material, the method comprising: providing a powder; performing a spark plasma sintering process on powder to form a tile; and coupling a ductile backing layer to the tile. In some embodiments, the powder comprises micron-sized particles. In some embodiments, the powder comprises nano-particles. In some embodiments, the powder comprises silicon carbide particles. In some embodiments, the powder comprises boron carbide particles. In some embodiments, the ductile backing layer comprises an adhesive layer. In some embodiments, the ductile backing layer comprises: a layer of polyethylene fibers; and an adhesive layer coupling the layer of polyethylene fibers to the tile, wherein the adhesive layer comprises a thickness of 1 to 3 millimeters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventor: Maximilian A. Biberger
  • Patent number: 8900336
    Abstract: A cutting tool in which wear resistance is improved by suppressing sudden chipping on the flank face while suppressing oxidation of the coating layer on the rake face, and thereby has a long lifespan even under cutting conditions in which deposition and edge damage easily occur. In the cutting tool, a coating layer represented by Ti1-a-b-cAlaWbMc(C1-xNx), with M selected as at least one of silicon, yttrium, and a metal belonging to group 4, 5, or 6 on the periodic table, excluding titanium and tungsten, and 0.3?a?0.6, 0.01?b?0.2, 0?c?0.2, and 0?x?1, being provided on the surface of a main cutting tool body having a flank face and a rake face, and the content ratio of tungsten on the flank face is higher than the content ratio of tungsten on the rake face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Kyocera Corporation
    Inventors: Mitsuru Hasegawa, Masahiro Waki
  • Patent number: 8900291
    Abstract: [Object] To provide a medical instrument capable of more effectively inhibiting a cracking and separation than conventional ones. [Solution Means] A stent comprising a substrate layer 10 of which at least the surface is composed of a metal material, a carbon compound layer 12 that is formed so as to coat the surface of the substrate layer 10 and that contains at least one metal element, a first DLC layer 14 that is formed so as to coat the surface of the carbon compound layer 12 and that is free of fluorine, and a second DLC layer 16 that is formed so as to coat the surface of the first DLC layer 14 and that contains fluorine. The stent being constituted to satisfy the relationship defined by the expression of “A1>A2>A3”, wherein A1 is a surface free energy of the carbon compound layer 12, A2 is a surface free energy of the first DLC layer 14, and A3 is a surface free energy of the second DLC layer 16.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Kawasumi Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Tetsuya Suzuki, Kazunori Murakami
  • Publication number: 20140349117
    Abstract: The invention pertains to hardware such as cutting tools with improved performance, wear-resistance and durability made from sintered polycrystalline aluminum nitride based ceramic composites containing secondary or dispersed phases for enhanced toughness. The articles of this invention provide good hardness, toughness, chemical inertness, thermal stability, lubricity, wear-resistance, and the ability to operate in the presence of liquid coolants, yielding good surface finish and long lifetime. The cutting tools of this invention are applicable to a wide range of industrial, biomedical, commercial and other applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: Surmet Corporation
    Inventor: Suri A. Sastri
  • Patent number: 8895160
    Abstract: The present invention provides an appliance for chip removal applications comprising a vibration-damping material wherein the vibration-damping material is a material arranged by nano-dimensional cluster form. The present invention additionally provides a method for manufacturing said appliance. The present invention provides also an appliance obtainable by said method. Additionally the present invention provides an article or work piece for use in an appliance for chip removal applications. Also a computer program is provided for controlling the above method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Mircona AB
    Inventors: Ragnhild Mihic, Peter Mihic
  • Patent number: 8889252
    Abstract: The cutting tool of the present invention has a base material and a multi-layer coating formed thereon. The multi-layer coating includes an A-layer, a B-layer and a C-layer repeatedly deposited in the order of A-layer, C-layer and B-layer from the base material toward an outer surface of the multi-layer coating. The A-layer has a1 layers and a2 layers wherein 8-20 layers of a1 layers and a2 layers are non-periodically deposited per 100 nm. Each unit layer of the A-layer, B-layer, and C-layer has a thickness of 0.5-2.0 ?m, 0.1 ?m-0.5 ?m and 55-95 nm respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: TaeguTec, Ltd.
    Inventors: Chol Woen Yun, Yong Hyun Jeong, Moo Young Yoon
  • Patent number: 8882870
    Abstract: A coated tool has a substrate and a coating film coated on the surface thereof. The coating film includes an intermediate film coated on the surface of the substrate, and an oxide film coated on the surface of the intermediate film. A crack coefficient R obtained by measuring a crack length dc (?m) which is generated on the surface of the coated tool by pushing a Vickers indenter into the surface of the coating film with an applied load P=196(N), and a fracture toughness KIC (MPa·m0.5) of the substrate, and by calculating from the following numerical formula: R=P/(dc·KIC), is 0.07 to 0.12 m0.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Tungaloy Corporation
    Inventor: Lu Chen
  • Patent number: 8883319
    Abstract: Improved coating blades are disclosed, as well as processes for manufacturing such blades. The inventive blades have an intermediate edge deposit effective to reduce heat transfer from a wear resistant top deposit to the blade substrate. In one embodiment, the intermediate layer is comprised of NiCr, possibly with embedded oxide particles. Suitably, the intermediate layer and the top deposit are applied by an HVOF process. It is also envisaged that the intermediate layer may be deposited by plasma spraying. The intermediate layer may comprise stabilized zirconia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: BTG Eclepens S.A.
    Inventors: Silvano Freti, Jean Francois Laithier
  • Patent number: 8877357
    Abstract: A method of making a composite material. The method comprises: providing a plurality of particles, wherein each one of the particles comprises a ceramic core and a metallic outer layer surrounding the core; forming a tile from the plurality of particles by performing a bonding process on the plurality of particles; and bonding the tile to a ductile backing material. In some embodiments, the ceramic core comprises boron carbide. In some embodiments, the metallic outer layer comprises at least one of copper, tantalum, titanium, molybdenum, and aluminum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventor: Maximilian A. Biberger
  • Patent number: 8877356
    Abstract: The invention provides an OLED device including an anode, a cathode and a yellow light-emitting layer located therebetween, the light-emitting layer comprising a 9,10-diarylanthracene host; a yellow light-emitting 5,6,11,12-tetraphenyltetracene derivative where as least 1 of the phenyl groups is further substituted and a non-light-emitting diarylamine substituted 9,10-diarylsubstituted anthracene stabuilizer. Devices of the invention provide improvement in features such as stability and efficiency while maintaining excellent color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Global OLED Technology LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey P. Spindler, Tukaram K. Hatwar
  • Patent number: 8871336
    Abstract: The present invention provides a low-friction coating layer for vehicle components comprising: a Ti layer on a surface of a base material; a TiN layer on the Ti layer surface; a TiAgN layer on the TiN layer surface; and an Ag layer transferred on the TiAgN layer surface, and a method for producing the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Kwang Hoon Choi, In Woong Lyo, Woong Pyo Hong, Hyuk Kang
  • Patent number: 8871340
    Abstract: There is provided a surface-coated sintered body formed of a sintered body of cubic boron nitride with a sufficiently adhesive surface coating layer thereon. The present surface-coated sintered body includes a sintered body of cubic boron nitride and a surface coating layer formed on a surface thereof, the sintered body of cubic boron nitride including 20-99.5% by volume of cubic boron nitride and a binder, the surface coating layer including an adhesion layer and at least one hard coating layer, the adhesion layer being a metal layer including at least W, and being formed to cover a surface of the sintered body of cubic boron nitride, the hard coating layer being formed to coat the adhesion layer, the adhesion layer being configured of an amorphous state and/or ultrafine particles having an average particle size equal to or smaller than 5 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Makoto Setoyama, Katsumi Okamura, Nozomi Tsukihara
  • Publication number: 20140315015
    Abstract: A cubic boron nitride sintered body with excellent wear resistance and fracture resistance. The cubic boron nitride sintered body includes 85 to 95% by volume of cubic boron nitride, and 5 to 15% by volume of a binder phase and inevitable impurities. The binder phase has at least three compounds selected from carbides, nitrides, carbonitrides, oxides and mutual solid solutions thereof of Al, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Nb and Mo. An amount of an aluminum element contained in the cubic boron nitride sintered body is 0.5 to 5% by mass based on a total mass of the cubic boron nitride sintered body. The binder phase is essentially free of both pure metals and alloys consisting of pure metals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventor: Yuichiro Fukushima
  • Publication number: 20140315014
    Abstract: An article is coated with a coating having a vivid primary color. In a preferred embodiment, the coating comprises a nickel or polymer basecoat layer, and a first color layer comprised of oxygen-rich refractory metal oxycarbides, a second color layer comprising oxygen-rich refractory metal oxycarbides and a top layer of refractory metal oxides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: VAPOR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Nicholas L. Peterson, Bryce R. Anton, Patrick Sullivan
  • Patent number: 8865291
    Abstract: A plasma-resistant member according to the present invention includes a base member formed of a silicon nitride sintered body, an aluminum nitride sintered body, an alumina sintered body, or a silicon carbide sintered body; and a thin film formed on a surface of the base member and composed of an yttrium compound or a spinel, wherein the thin film has, in a surface of the thin film, a plurality of projections for supporting a wafer, and a ratio a2/a1 of a film thickness a2 of portions of the thin film that include the projections to a film thickness a1 of portions of the thin film that do not include the projections satisfies 1<a2/a1<1.6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventor: Yoshinobu Goto
  • Patent number: 8865324
    Abstract: A method is used to produce a bulk SiC single crystal. A seed crystal is arranged in a crystal growth region of a growing crucible. An SiC growth gas phase is produced in the crystal growth region. The bulk SiC single crystal having a central longitudinal mid-axis grows by deposition from the SiC growth gas phase, the deposition taking place on a growth interface of the growing bulk SiC single crystal. The SiC growth gas phase is at least partially fed from an SiC source material and contains at least one dopant from the group of nitrogen, aluminum, vanadium and boron. At least in a central main growth region of the growth interface arranged about the longitudinal mid-axis, a lateral temperature gradient of at most 2 K/cm measured perpendicular to the longitudinal mid-axis is adjusted and maintained in this range. The bulk SiC single crystal has a large facet region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Sicrystal AG
    Inventors: Thomas Straubinger, Michael Vogel, Andreas Wohlfart
  • Publication number: 20140308511
    Abstract: A physical configuration of multiple-layer coatings formed with at least one layer of coating containing cubic born nitride (cBN) particles with one or more layers in composite form containing cBN particles may have a thickness of each individual layer as thin as in the nanometer range, or as thick as in the range of a few microns and even up to tens of microns. The chemistry of the composite layer consists of any individual phase of (a) nitrides such as titanium nitride (TiN), titanium carbonitride (TiCN), and hafnium nitride (HfN); (b) carbides such as titanium carbide (TiC); and (c) oxides such as aluminum oxide (Al2O3) or any combination of the above phases, in addition to cBN particles. The coating or film can be stand-alone or on a substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2012
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicants: NanoMech, Inc., The Board of Trustees of the university of Arkansas
    Inventors: Wenping Jiang, Ajay P. Malshe
  • Patent number: 8859115
    Abstract: This cemented carbide material for a surface coated gear cutting tool is employed in a substrate for a surface coated gear cutting tool which is obtained by forming a hard coated layer on a surface of the substrate, the cemented carbide material for a surface coated gear cutting tool includes a WC-?t-Co based cemented carbide, wherein a content of Co forming a binder phase of the cemented carbide material is in a range of 12 to 17 wt %, and among components of a ?t solid solution forming a hard phase of the cemented carbide material, a content of components excluding WC is in a range of 15 to 20 wt %, and a total content of Ta carbonitride and Nb caronitride is in a range of 5 to 8 wt %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventor: Yukio Aoki
  • Patent number: 8859114
    Abstract: In one aspect, coated cutting tools are described herein which, in some embodiments, can demonstrate improved wear resistance in one or more cutting applications. In some embodiments, a coated cutting tool described herein comprises a substrate and a coating adhered to the substrate, the coating comprising an inner layer deposited by physical vapor deposition and an outer deposited by physical vapor deposition over the inner layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventors: Aharon Inspektor, Nicholas F Waggle, Jr., Michael F Beblo, Mark J Rowe, Zhigang Ban