Lead Component Is Active Material Patents (Class 429/225)
  • Patent number: 10581046
    Abstract: The invention relates to a laminar textile material for covering a pasty active mass on a battery electrode. The invention further relates to a battery electrode having such a material, to a battery, and to a method for producing battery electrodes. Potential improvements of lead batteries are disclosed that are more practical than previously known solutions, and that stabilize the pasty active mass on the battery electrodes. A laminar textile material is disclosed to this end, comprising glass fibers and fibers made of a thermoplastic, e.g. polyester.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: Clarios Germany GmbH & Co. KGaA
    Inventor: Frank-Thomas Johns
  • Patent number: 10559792
    Abstract: A structurally-integrated battery pack may comprise an outer skin, an inner skin, structural foam, battery cells, and/or other components. Structural foam may be disposed between the outer skin and the inner skin. The structural foam may include battery voids and/or one or more cooling channels. Battery cells may be disposed within the battery voids. The battery cells within the battery voids and the structural foam may form layers. The layers may comprise a first layer including a first structural foam layer, a second layer including a first battery disposed within a first battery void, a third layer including at least a partial structural foam layer, and/or other layers. The partial structural foam layer may at least partially form a cooling channel. The outer skin, the inner skin, the structural foam, and/or the battery cells may be incorporated into a structural or non-structural element of an aircraft and/or vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: Ampaire, Inc.
    Inventor: Cory Michael Combs
  • Patent number: 10511022
    Abstract: A lead-based alloy containing alloying additions of bismuth, antimony, arsenic, and tin is used for the production of doped leady oxides, lead-acid battery active materials, lead-acid battery electrodes, and lead-acid batteries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: RSR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: R. David Prengaman, Timothy W. Ellis, Matthew T. Raiford
  • Patent number: 10424788
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a negative electrode for a secondary battery, an electrode assembly comprising same, and a secondary battery comprising the electrode assembly, the negative electrode comprising: a current collector; and a negative electrode active material layer on one or more sides of the current collector, wherein the negative electrode active material layer comprises an amphiphilic polymer and a negative electrode active material having graphite on which an amorphous carbon coating layer is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Su Jin Park, Byung Hun Oh, Eun Kyung Kim, Sun Young Shin, Hyun Wook Kim
  • Patent number: 10418629
    Abstract: Provided are: an anode active material for a lithium ion secondary battery with which high initial efficiency and battery capacity can be maintained and excellent cycling characteristics are achieved; and a method for producing such an active material. The anode active material for a lithium ion secondary battery, the active material comprising a Si compound and a carbonaceous material or a carbonaceous material and graphite, is obtained by a method comprising the steps of: mixing a Si compound, a carbon precursor, and, as appropriate, graphite powder; performing granulation/compaction; pulverizing the mixture to form composite particles; firing the composite particles in an inert gas atmosphere; and subjecting the pulverized and conglobated composite powder or the fired powder to air classification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: TOSOH CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hidehiko Misaki, Masanori Abe, Toru Tsuyoshi, Masanori Kohgo, Shuji Takato, Taichi Arakawa, Kohei Iwanaga
  • Patent number: 10119025
    Abstract: In accordance with at least selected embodiments or aspects, the present invention is directed to improved, unique, and/or high performance ISS lead acid battery separators, such as improved ISS flooded lead acid battery separators, ISS batteries including such separators, methods of production, and/or methods of use. The preferred ISS separator may include negative cross ribs and/or PIMS minerals. In accordance with more particular embodiments or examples, a PIMS mineral (preferably fish meal, a bio-mineral) is provided as at least a partial substitution for the silica filler component in a silica filled lead acid battery separator (preferably a polyethylene/silica separator formulation). In accordance with at least selected embodiments, the present invention is directed to new or improved batteries, separators, components, and/or compositions having heavy metal removal capabilities and/or methods of manufacture and/or methods of use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Daramic, LLC
    Inventors: J. Kevin Whear, John R. Timmons, Jeffrey K. Chambers, Tejas R. Shah
  • Patent number: 9728786
    Abstract: An anode for a lithium-ion battery includes a current collector, a separator and an active material comprising alloying particles and a carbon material. A conductive net of carbon material surrounds the active material on at least the side walls and a separator-facing surface, the conductive net having net openings sized to retain the alloying particles and the carbon material within the conductive net while allowing lithium ions and electrons to pass through. The conductive net also maintains electrical contact between the carbon material and the alloying particles during lithiation and delithiation of the alloying particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Nissan North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Jessica Weber, Nilesh Dale
  • Patent number: 9537143
    Abstract: An electrode for a lead-acid voltaic cell comprises a high surface area, high porosity 3-dimensional lattice structure wherein the core elements forming the lattice are substantially contiguous. The core elements are coated with one or more corrosion resistant and conductive materials, and solid active materials are coated on the core elements and retained within the matrix. The lattice structure acts as the current collector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: Epic Ventures Inc.
    Inventor: Peter G. Berrang
  • Patent number: 9287565
    Abstract: A carbon black having a combination of properties with values in ranges selected to promote high conductivity, high hydrophobicity, and reduced outgassing in lead acid batteries while maintaining high charge acceptance and cycleability. The carbon black has a Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area ranging from 100 m2/g to 1100 m2/g combined with one or more properties, e.g., a surface energy (SE) of 10 mJ/m2 or less, and/or a Raman microcrystalline planar size (La) of at least 22 ?, e.g., ranging from 22 ? to 50 ?. In some cases, the carbon black has a statistical thickness surface area (STSA) of at least 100 m2/g, e.g., ranging from 100 m2/g to 600 m2/g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Paolina Atanassova, Berislav Blizanac, Kenneth C. Koehlert, Geoffrey D. Moeser, Miodrag Oljaca, Yipeng Sun, Danny Pierre, Jeffrey S. Sawrey
  • Patent number: 9281520
    Abstract: A paste suitable for a negative plate of a lead-acid battery comprises at least (a) a lead-based active material and an expander mixture comprising (b) carbon, (c) barium sulfate and (d) a lignosulfonate, wherein at least part of at least two of said components (a) to (d) are present in the paste as composite particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2016
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Paolina Atanassova, Yipeng Sun, Berislav Blizanac, Toivo Kodos, Mark J. Hampden-Smith, Miodrag Oljaca
  • Patent number: 9117596
    Abstract: Electrodes, which may be composite capacitor electrodes, include carbon fibers, illustratively chopped carbon fibers having an aspect ratio of from about 100-5000, have been treated with a non-ionic surfactant, specifically the polyoxyethyleneglycol octophenyl ether, Triton X-100, to increase the hydrophilicity of the fibers. The capacitive electrodes prepared with the surface-modified carbon fibers exhibit increased charge acceptance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Controls Technology Company
    Inventors: Kavi G. Loganathan, Junwei Jiang, Perry M. Wyatt, Deepan Chakkaravarthi Bose, Scott D. Gerner
  • Publication number: 20150099180
    Abstract: Surface-modified carbon hybrid particles may be characterized by a high surface area and a high mesopore content. Surface-modified carbon hybrid particles may be in agglomerated form. Surface-modified carbon hybrid particles may be used, for example, as conductive additives. Dispersions of such compounds in a liquid medium in the presence of a surfactant may be used, for example, as conductive coatings. Polymer compounds filled with the surface-modified carbon hybrid particles may be formed. Surface-modified carbon hybrid particles may be used, for example, as carbon supports.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Dario Cericola, Giovanni Juri, Simone Zurcher, Michael E. Spahr
  • Patent number: 9000713
    Abstract: Electrochemical cells having molten electrodes having an alkali metal provide receipt and delivery of power by transporting atoms of the alkali metal between electrode environments of disparate chemical potentials through an electrochemical pathway comprising a salt of the alkali metal. The chemical potential of the alkali metal is decreased when combined with one or more non-alkali metals, thus producing a voltage between an electrode comprising the molten the alkali metal and the electrode comprising the combined alkali/non-alkali metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Massachussetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Dane A. Boysen, David J. Bradwell, Kai Jiang, Hojong Kim, Luis A. Ortiz, Donald R. Sadoway, Alina A. Tomaszowska, Weifeng Wei, Kangli Wang
  • Patent number: 8999583
    Abstract: A lithium-ion secondary battery allowed to improve cycle characteristics and initial charge-discharge characteristics is provided. The lithium-ion secondary battery includes a cathode; an anode; and an electrolytic solution. The anode includes an anode active material layer including a plurality of anode active material particles. The anode active material particles each include a core section and a coating section applied to a part or a whole of a surface of the core section, and the core section includes a silicon-based material (SiOx: 0?x<0.5) and the coating section includes an amorphous or low-crystalline silicon-based material (SiOy: 0.5?y?1.8).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Takakazu Hirose, Kenichi Kawase, Takashi Fujinaga, Masaharu Senoue, Motoki Endo, Masayuki Iwama
  • Patent number: 8993169
    Abstract: A positive electrode composition is presented. The composition includes at least one electroactive metal; at least one alkali metal halide; and at least one additive including a plurality of nanoparticles, wherein the plurality of nanoparticles includes tungsten carbide. An energy storage device, and a related method for the preparation of an energy storage device, are also presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Richard Louis Hart, Michael Alan Vallance, David Charles Bogdan, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8974965
    Abstract: The object of the present invention is to improve the short-term discharge power after the thermal cycles, as the object of the improvement of the characteristics of the lead acid battery. An electrode for a lead acid battery comprising an electrode active material layer comprising a lead containing material, a porous carbon material and a binder, and a current collector, wherein when a weight of lead atom is A and a weight of porous carbon material is B, B/(A+B)×100 satisfies 1.0 to 90%; and said binder is a crystalline polymer having a melting temperature of 40° C. or less or amorphous polymer, is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Zeon Corporation
    Inventor: Koji Hoshiba
  • Patent number: 8962191
    Abstract: An electrochemical cell is presented. The electrochemical cell includes an elongated ion-conducting separator defining at least a portion of a first compartment; a positive electrode composition disposed in the first compartment, the positive electrode composition comprising at least one electroactive metal, at least one alkali metal halide, and at least one electrolyte. A positive current collector is further disposed in the first compartment such that a portion of the positive current collector extends into the positive electrode composition, and a primary dimension of the extended portion of the positive current collector is less than about 20% of a primary dimension of the first compartment. A related method for the preparation of an electrochemical cell is also presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Michael Alan Vallance, Brandon Alan Bartling
  • Publication number: 20150044565
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for producing a graphene-enhanced anode active material for use in a lithium battery. The process comprises (a) providing a continuous film of a graphene material into a deposition zone; (b) introducing vapor or atoms of a precursor anode active material into the deposition zone, allowing the vapor or atoms to deposit onto a surface of the graphene material film to form a sheet of an anode active material-coated graphene material; and (c) mechanically breaking this sheet into multiple pieces of anode active material-coated graphene; wherein the graphene material is in an amount of from 0.1% to 99.5% by weight and the anode active material is in an amount of at least 0.5% by weight, all based on the total weight of the graphene material and the anode active material combined.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Yanbo Wang, Bor Z. Jang, Hui He, Aruna Zhamu
  • Publication number: 20150044572
    Abstract: According to the invention there is provided a structural metallic rechargeable battery and a method of producing same. The battery uses one of an acid, alkaline or Li-ion chemistry and the battery has an anode structure, a cathode structure, each of which comprise a conductive foam which contains the active electrochemical reagents, and a structural separator which separates the conductive foams of anode from the cathode respectively. The anode structure and the cathode structure are each formed from a metal sheet or foil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: BAE SYSTEMS plc
    Inventors: Martyn John Hucker, Michael Dunleavy, Sajad Haq, Amy Elizabeth Dyke
  • Publication number: 20150044564
    Abstract: The present invention provides an anode electrode of a lithium-ion battery, comprising an anode active material-coated graphene sheet, wherein the graphene sheet has two opposed parallel surfaces and at least 50% area of one of the surfaces is coated with an anode active material and wherein the graphene material is in an amount of from 0.1% to 99.5% by weight and the anode active material is in an amount of at least 0.5% by weight (preferably at least 60%), all based on the total weight of the graphene material and the anode active material combined.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Yanbo Wang, Bor Z. Jang, Hui He, Aruna Zhamu
  • Patent number: 8951667
    Abstract: Electrode active material of the invention is mainly an amorphous transition metal complex represented by AxMPyOz (where x and y are values which independently satisfy 0?x?2 and 0?y?2, respectively, and z=(x+5y+valence of M)/2 to satisfy stoichiometry; also, A is an alkali metal and M is a metal element selected from transition metals), and has a peak near 220 cm?1 in Raman spectroscopy. Applying the electrode active material of the invention to a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery increases the capacity of the nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Motoshi Isono
  • Patent number: 8932482
    Abstract: A paste suitable for a negative plate of a lead-acid battery, the paste comprising lead oxide and carbon black, wherein the carbon black has the following properties: (a) a BET surface area between about 100 and about 2100 m2/g; and (b) an oil adsorption number (OAN) in the range of about 35 to about 360 cc/100 g, provided that the oil absorption number is less than the 0.14×the BET surface area+65.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Paolina Atanassova, Berislav Blizanac, Miodrag Oljaca, Toivo T. Kodas, Geoffrey D. Moeser, Pavel A. Kossyrev, Ned J. Hardman
  • Publication number: 20150010832
    Abstract: The invention relates to Chevrel-phase materials and methods of preparing these materials utilizing a precursor approach. The Chevrel-phase materials are useful in assembling electrodes, e.g., cathodes, for use in electrochemical cells, such as rechargeable batteries. The Chevrel-phase materials have a general formula of Mo6Z8 and the precursors have a general formula of MxMo6Z8. The cathode containing the Chevrel-phase material in accordance with the invention can be combined with a magnesium-containing anode and an electrolyte.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2014
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH - OF THE COMMONWEALTH SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION
    Inventors: Prashant N. Kumta, Partha Saha, Moni Kanchan Datta, Ayyakkannu Manivannan
  • Patent number: 8927143
    Abstract: A storage battery is provided comprising a positive electrode of lead, a negative electrode of gallium and an aqueous electrolyte containing aluminum sulfate. Upon charging the cell, lead dioxide is formed and aluminum is alloyed with the gallium. During discharge, aluminum goes back into solution and lead dioxide is reduced to lead sulfate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Inventor: John E. Stauffer
  • Patent number: 8900752
    Abstract: A lead manganese-based cathode material is provided. Furthermore, a lithium or lithium ion rechargeable electrochemical cell is provided incorporating lead manganese-based cathode material in a positive electrode. In addition, a process for preparing a stable lead manganese-based cathode material is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Terrill B. Atwater, Arek Suszko
  • Publication number: 20140349183
    Abstract: A composite particle is provided. The particle comprises a first particle component and a second particle component in which: (a) the first particle component comprises a body portion and a surface portion, the surface portion comprising one or more structural features and one or more voids, whereby the surface portion and body portion define together a structured particle; and (b) the second component comprises a removable filler; characterised in that (i) one or both of the body portion and the surface portion comprise an active material; and (ii) the filler is contained within one or more voids comprised within the surface portion of the first component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: Nexeon Limited
    Inventors: William James Macklin, Fiona Scott, Christopher Michael Friend
  • Publication number: 20140335407
    Abstract: A method for configuring a non-lithium-intercalation electrode includes intercalating an insertion species between multiple layers of a stacked or layered electrode material. The method forms an electrode architecture with increased interlayer spacing for non-lithium metal ion migration. A laminate electrode material is constructed such that pillaring agents are intercalated between multiple layers of the stacked electrode material and installed in a battery.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Inventors: Yan YAO, Yanliang LIANG
  • Publication number: 20140322597
    Abstract: An electrochemical cell includes a metal containing anode M? capturing and releasing cations, a metal containing cathode M? and an electrolyte including an anion X?and a cation M?+. During the charge process, the electrolyte allows reversible reactions wherein the anion dissociates from the electrolyte and reacts with the metal cathode forming M?Xy. At the same time, cations M?+ from the electrolyte deposit on the anode side. The reverse process happens during the discharge process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
  • Publication number: 20140315085
    Abstract: Several embodiments related to batteries having electrodes with nanostructures, compositions of such nanostructures, and associated methods of making such electrodes are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, a method for producing an anode suitable for a lithium-ion battery comprising preparing a surface of a substrate material and forming a plurality of conductive nanostructures on the surface of the substrate material via electrodeposition without using a template.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: M. Grant Norton, Uttara Sahaym
  • Publication number: 20140315100
    Abstract: A rechargeable lithium-sulfur cell comprising an anode, a separator and/or electrolyte, a sulfur cathode, an optional anode current collector, and an optional cathode current collector, wherein the cathode comprises (a) exfoliated graphite worms that are interconnected to form a porous, conductive graphite flake network comprising pores having a size smaller than 100 nm; and (b) nano-scaled powder or coating of sulfur, sulfur compound, or lithium polysulfide disposed in the pores or coated on graphite flake surfaces wherein the powder or coating has a dimension less than 100 nm. The exfoliated graphite worm amount is in the range of 1% to 90% by weight and the amount of powder or coating is in the range of 99% to 10% by weight based on the total weight of exfoliated graphite worms and sulfur (sulfur compound or lithium polysulfide) combined. The cell exhibits an exceptionally high specific energy and a long cycle life.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2013
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Yanbo Wang, Bor Z. Jang, Hui He, Aruna Zhamu, Yi-jun Lin
  • Publication number: 20140308544
    Abstract: A system and method for stabilizing electrodes against dissolution and/or hydrolysis including use of cosolvents in liquid electrolyte batteries for three purposes: the extension of the calendar and cycle life time of electrodes that are partially soluble in liquid electrolytes, the purpose of limiting the rate of electrolysis of water into hydrogen and oxygen as a side reaction during battery operation, and for the purpose of cost reduction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2014
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: Alveo Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Colin Deane Wessells, Ali Firouzi, Shahrokh Motallebi, Sven Strohband
  • Publication number: 20140295273
    Abstract: An anode, a lithium battery including the anode, and a method of manufacturing the anode. The anode includes: an anode active material including a metal alloyable with lithium; and a metal-carbon composite conducting agent having a density of 3.0 grams per cubic centimeter or greater.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2013
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicants: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang-kook MAH, Jeong-kuk SHON
  • Patent number: 8841028
    Abstract: A lead acid storage battery composed of plates, the lead acid storage battery being obtained by packing an active material into a grid plate provided with a frame section having a quadrangular profile shape, and lateral grid strands and longitudinal grid strands that form a grid inside the frame section. The lateral grid strands are composed of thick lateral strands having a thickness equal to the thickness of the frame section, and thin lateral strands of smaller width and thickness than the thick strands, the longitudinal grid strands being composed of thick longitudinal strands that have a thickness that is less than thickness of the frame section, one end in the thickness direction being arranged in the same plane as one end of the frame section in the thickness direction, and thin longitudinal strands of smaller width and thickness than the thick longitudinal strands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Shin-Kobe Electric Machinery Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshikazu Hirose, Shinichi Sano, Katsura Mitani, Hiroyuki Wakatabe
  • Publication number: 20140272589
    Abstract: A negative electrode active material for an electric device according to the present invention includes crystalline metal having a structure in which a size in a perpendicular direction to a crystal slip plane is 500 nm or less. More preferably, the size in the perpendicular direction to the crystal slip plane is controlled to become 100 nm or less. As described above, a thickness in an orientation of the slip plane is controlled to become sufficiently small, and accordingly, micronization of the crystalline metal is suppressed even if breakage occurs from the slip plane taken as a starting point. Hence, a deterioration of a cycle lifetime can be prevented by applying the negative electrode active material for an electric device, which is as described above, or a negative electrode using the same, to an electric device, for example, such as a lithium ion secondary battery.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD
    Inventors: Takashi Sanada, Wataru Ogihara, Manabu Watanabe, Atsushi Ito
  • Publication number: 20140242474
    Abstract: Disclosed is a high-capacity electrochemical energy storage device in which a conversion reaction proceeds as the oxidation-reduction reaction, and the separation (hysteresis) between the electrode potentials for oxidation and reduction is small. The electrochemical energy storage device includes a first electrode including a first active material, a second electrode including a second active material, and a non-aqueous electrolyte interposed between the first and second electrodes. At least one of the first and second active materials is a metal salt having a polyatomic anion and a metal ion, and the metal salt is capable of oxidation-reduction reaction involving reversible release and acceptance of the polyatomic anion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: PANASONIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tooru Matsui, Zempachi Ogumi, Toshiro Hirai, Akiyoshi Nakata
  • Patent number: 8815454
    Abstract: A lithium secondary battery includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a separator separating the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and an electrolyte. The negative electrode active material of the negative electrode includes a material that is capable of reversibly intercalating and deintercalating lithium ions and a metallic material capable of alloying with lithium. The electrolyte includes a chemical compound containing a nitrile (—CN) radical.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yong-Shik Kim, Jin-Bum Kim, Jin-Sung Kim, Na-Rae Park
  • Patent number: 8808914
    Abstract: An electrochemical storage device comprises a plurality of layer electrodes, wherein each layer electrode includes a first charged sector and a second charged sector, wherein the second charged sector is charged oppositely compared to the first charged sector, and wherein the plurality of layer electrodes are assembled with respect to each other such that the first charged sector of a first plate of the plurality of layer electrodes is laid below the second charged sector of a second plate of the plurality of layer electrodes located immediately above the first plate, wherein the charges of the first charged sectors of the first and second plates have a first sign and the charges of the second charged sectors of the first and second plates have a second sign that is opposite the first sign; a separator sector located, and enabling ionic charge exchange between the first charged sector of the first plate and the second charged sector of the second plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Energy Power Systems, LLC
    Inventors: Subhash Dhar, William Koetting, Michael Nielson, Kwok Tom, Jorge Espinel, Fabio Albano
  • Patent number: 8808911
    Abstract: A cathode composite material includes a cathode active material and a coating layer coated on a surface of the cathode active material. The cathode active material includes a layered type lithium transition metal oxide. A material of the coating layer is a lithium metal oxide having a crystal structure belonging to C2/c space group of the monoclinic crystal system. The present disclosure also relates to a lithium ion battery including the cathode composite material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ya-Dong Li, Jun Lu, Ding-Sheng Wang, Xiang-Wen Liu, Qing Peng
  • Patent number: 8802291
    Abstract: A cathode composite material includes a cathode active material and a coating layer coated on a surface of the cathode active material. The cathode active material includes a layered type lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide. The coating layer comprises a lithium metal oxide having a crystal structure belonging to C2/c space group of the monoclinic crystal system. The present disclosure also relates to a lithium ion battery including the cathode composite material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ya-Dong Li, Jun Lu, Ding-Sheng Wang, Qing Peng
  • Patent number: 8802290
    Abstract: A cathode composite material includes a cathode active material and a coating layer coated on a surface of the cathode active material. A material of the coating layer is a lithium metal oxide having a crystal structure belonging to C2/c space group of the monoclinic crystal system. The present disclosure also relates to a lithium ion battery including the cathode composite material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ya-Dong Li, Jun Lu, Cai-Yun Nan, Li-Hong Li, Qing Peng
  • Publication number: 20140220392
    Abstract: A system and method producing electrodes in an aqueous electrolyte battery that maximizes energy storage, reduces electrochemical decomposition of the electrolyte, and uses Prussian Blue analogue materials for both electrodes, with an anode electrode including an electrochemically active hexacyanometalate group having two possible redox reactions of different potentials. These potentials may be tuned by substituting different electrochemically inactive components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2013
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: ALVEO ENERGY, INC.
    Inventors: Colin Deane Wessells, Robert Alan Huggins
  • Patent number: 8795892
    Abstract: A cathode composite material includes a cathode active material and a coating layer coated on a surface of the cathode active material. The cathode active material includes a lithium cobalt oxide. The coating layer includes a lithium metal oxide having a crystal structure belonging to C2/c space group of the monoclinic crystal system. The present disclosure also relates to a lithium ion battery including the cathode composite material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ya-Dong Li, Jun Lu, Wei-Yang Wang, Ding-Sheng Wang, Qing Peng
  • Patent number: 8790831
    Abstract: The present invention provides a positive electrode active material that can suppress the necessity of performing sieving and is suitable for use in secondary batteries, particularly sodium secondary batteries. Also provided is a powder for a positive electrode active material as a raw material for the positive electrode active material. The powder for a positive electrode active material of the present invention comprises Mn-containing particles. In the cumulative particle size distribution on the volume basis of particles constituting the powder, D50, which is the particle diameter at a 50% cumulation measured from the smallest particle, is in the range of from 0.1 ?m to 10 ?m, and 90 vol % or more of the particles constituting the powder are in the range of from 0.3 times to 3 times D50. The powder for a positive electrode active material comprises Mn-containing particles, and 90 vol % or more of the particles constituting the powder are in the range of from 0.6 ?m to 6 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Masami Makidera, Taketsugu Yamamoto
  • Publication number: 20140193711
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure pertain to methods of preparing porous silicon particulates by: (a) electrochemically etching a silicon substrate, where electrochemical etching comprises exposure of the silicon substrate to an electric current density, and where electrochemical etching produces a porous silicon film over the silicon substrate; (b) separating the porous silicon film from the silicon substrate, where the separating comprises a gradual increase of the electric current density in sequential increments; (c) repeating steps (a) and (b) a plurality of times; (d) electrochemically etching the silicon substrate in accordance with step (a) to produce a porous silicon film over the silicon substrate; (e) chemically etching the porous silicon film and the silicon substrate; and (f) splitting the porous silicon film and the silicon substrate to form porous silicon particulates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2014
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicants: Lockheed Martin Corporation, William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: Sibani Lisa Biswal, Michael S. Wong, Madhuri Thakur, Steven L. Sinsabaugh
  • Patent number: 8771871
    Abstract: There is disclosed a lead storage battery comprising a group of plates housed in a battery jar, and an electrolyte injected therein to impregnate the group of plates with the electrolyte, thus performing formation treatment, the lead storage battery being adapted to be used in a partial state of charge where the state of charge is confined within the range of more than 70% to less than 100%, wherein the group of plates are formed of a stack constituted by a large number of negative substrates comprising grid substrates filled with a negative active material, by a large number of positive substrates comprising grid substrates filled with a positive active material, and by a porous separator interposed between the negative electrodes and positive electrodes, and the electrolyte contains at least one kind of ion selected from the group consisting of aluminum ions, selenium ions and titanium ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: The Furukawa Battery Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jun Furukawa, Toshimichi Takada, Daisuke Monma, Hidetoshi Abe
  • Publication number: 20140186712
    Abstract: An electrode and a lead-acid battery including the same are disclosed. The electrode comprises active material comprising lead and a carbon additive configured to increase a charge input of the lead-acid battery by at least 17%, relative to a negative electrode without the carbon additive.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2013
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: Energy Power Systems LLC
    Inventors: Fabio Albano, Srinivasan Venkatesan, Subhash Dhar, William Koetting, Susmitha Gopu, Erik W. Anderson, Lin Higley
  • Publication number: 20140186660
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a multifunctional web for use in a lead-acid battery comprising natural fibres and heat-sealable fibres, the use of the multifunctional web in a lead-acid battery, a lead plate comprising a metal grid coated with a lead paste contacting the multifunctional web, a method of preparing the lead plate and a lead-acid battery assembly comprising the lead plate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2012
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: GLATFELTER GERNSBACH GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventors: Lutz Friedl-Goeppentin, Régis Dumont-Roty
  • Patent number: 8765297
    Abstract: An Advanced Graphite, with a lower degree of ordered carbon domains and a surface area greater than ten times that of typical battery grade graphites, is used in negative active material (NAM) of valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) type Spiral wound 6V/25 Ah lead-acid batteries. A significant and unexpected cycle life was achieved for the Advanced Graphite mix where the battery was able to cycle beyond 145,000 cycles above the failure voltage of 9V in a non-stop, power-assist cycle-life test. Batteries with Advanced Graphite also showed increased charge acceptance power and discharge power compared to control groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Exide Technologies
    Inventors: Sudhakar Jagannathan, Melchor Fernandez Garcia
  • Publication number: 20140178761
    Abstract: A method is provided for forming a metal battery electrode with a pyrolyzed coating. The method provides a metallorganic compound of metal (Me) and materials such as carbon (C), sulfur (S), oxygen (O), and combinations of the above-listed materials, expressed as MeXCYNZSXXOYY, where Me is a metal such as tin (Sn), antimony (Sb), or lead (Pb), or a metal alloy. The method heats the metallorganic compound, and as a result of the heating, decomposes materials in the metallorganic compound. In one aspect, decomposing the materials in the metallorganic compound includes forming a chemical reaction between the Me particles and the materials. An electrode is formed of Me particles coated by the materials. In another aspect, the Me particles coated with a material such as a carbide, a nitride, a sulfide, or combinations of the above-listed materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2014
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: Sharp Laboratories of America, Inc.
    Inventors: Yuhao Lu, Long Wang, Jong-Jan Lee
  • Publication number: 20140154575
    Abstract: A method is provided for fabricating a cyanometallate cathode battery. The method provides a cathode of AXM1YM2Z(CN)N.MH2O, where “A” is selected from a first group of metals, and where M1 and M2 are transition metals. The method provides an anode and a metal ion-permeable membrane separating the anode from the cathode. A third electrode is also provided including “B” metal ions selected from the first group of metals. Typically, the first group of metals includes alkali and alkaline metals. The method intercalates “B” metal ions from the third electrode to the anode, the cathode, or both the anode and cathode to form a completely fabricated battery. In one aspect, a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) layer including the “B” metal ions overlies a surface of the anode, the cathode, or both the anode and cathode. A cyanometallate cathode battery is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2014
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: Sharp Laboratories of America, Inc.
    Inventors: Yuhao Lu, Long Wang, Jong-Jan Lee