Free Carbon Containing Patents (Class 502/416)
  • Patent number: 10537878
    Abstract: A carbonaceous material, based on the total weight of the carbonaceous material, contains 1-99 wt % of a carbon element, 0.2-60 wt % of a magnesium element, 0.5-60 wt % of an oxygen element and 0.1-40 wt % of a chlorine element. The process for preparing the carbonaceous material include (1) Mixing a solid carbon source, a precursor and water to produce a mixture; wherein said precursor contains a magnesium source and a chlorine source; (2) Drying the resulting mixture obtained in Step (1) to produce a dried mixture; and (3) Calcining the dried mixture obtained in Step (2). The carbonaceous material can be used in catalytic oxidation of hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignees: CHINA PETROLEUM & CHEMICAL CORPORATION, RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF PETROLEUM PROCESSING, SINOPEC
    Inventors: Junfeng Rong, Chunfeng Shi, Jingxin Xie, Peng Yu, Mingsheng Zong, Weiguo Lin
  • Patent number: 10532071
    Abstract: The invention concerns high-performance adsorbents based on activated carbon of high meso- and macroporosity which are present in the form of discrete grains of activated carbon, wherein: at least 55% of the total pore volume of the high-performance adsorbents are formed by pores (i.e. meso- and macropores) having pore diameters of more than 20 ?, the high-performance adsorbents have a measure of central tendency pore diameter of more than 25 ?, and the high-performance adsorbents have a BET surface area of at least 1250 m2/g. These high-performance adsorbents are obtainable by a novel process comprising specific two-stage activation, and have, in addition to the aforementioned properties, an excellent abrasion and bursting resistance, so that they are useful for a multiplicity of different applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: Blücher GmbH
    Inventors: Bertram Böhringer, Sven Fichtner, Jann-Michael Giebelhausen
  • Patent number: 10335763
    Abstract: A carbon pyrolyzate material is disclosed, having utility as an adsorbent as well as for energy storage and other applications. The pyrolyzate material comprises microporous carbon derived from low cost naturally-occurring carbohydrate source material such as polysaccharides. In adsorbent applications, the carbon pyrolyzate may for example be produced in a particulate form or a monolithic form, having high density and high pore volume to maximize gas storage and delivery, with the pore size distribution of the carbon pyrolyzate adsorbent being tunable via activation conditions to optimize storage capacity and delivery for specific gases of interest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: Entegris, Inc.
    Inventors: Melissa A. Petruska, Edward A. Sturm, Shaun M. Wilson
  • Patent number: 10211001
    Abstract: An energy storage device such as an electric double layer capacitor has positive and negative electrodes, each including a blend of respective first and second activated carbon materials having distinct pore size distributions. The blend (mixture) of first and second activated carbon materials may be equal in each electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: CORNING INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Kishor Purushottam Gadkaree, Atul Kumar
  • Patent number: 9828316
    Abstract: A process for treating a composition comprising one or more desired (hydro)halocarbons and one or more undesired halogenated hydrocarbon containing impurities so as to reduce the concentration of at least one undesired halogenated hydrocarbon containing impurity, the process comprising contacting the composition with an adsorbent comprising a carbon molecular sieve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: MEXICHEM AMANCO HOLDINGS S.A. de C.V.
    Inventors: Andrew Sharratt, John Hayes, Claire Rees
  • Patent number: 9754733
    Abstract: A method for using plasma to activate biochar is disclosed where reactive gas(es) are excited by external power; biochar set on a sample holder is electrically biased or set at a floating potential so that charged particles of a certain type are attracted to the biochar, leading to intensive chemical reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2017
    Assignee: South Dakota State University
    Inventors: Qi Hua Fan, Mukul Kumar Dubey, Zhengrong Gu
  • Patent number: 9518701
    Abstract: A pyrolyzed monolith carbon physical adsorbent that is characterized by at least one of the following characteristics: (a) a fill density measured for arsine gas at 25° C. and pressure of 650 torr that is greater than 400 grams arsine per liter of adsorbent; (b) at least 30% of overall porosity of the adsorbent including slit-shaped pores having a size in a range of from about 0.3 to about 0.72 nanometer, and at least 20% of the overall porosity including micropores of diameter <2 nanometers; and (c) having a bulk density of from about 0.80 to about 2.0 grams per cubic centimeter, preferably from 0.9 to 2.0 grams per cubic centimeter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: Entegris, Inc.
    Inventor: J. Donald Carruthers
  • Patent number: 9322368
    Abstract: To reduce size and weight of canister while improving adsorbing/desorbing performance by optimizing adsorbent that fills chamber located at air release side. Adsorbent filling chambers 8, 9 located at air port 5 side, of a plurality of chambers 5˜8 that are arranged in series along an air flow direction in case 2, is formed by macroscopic pore whose diameter is 50 nm or greater. The adsorbent has hollow cylindrical shape whose inside thickness is 0.6 to 1.5 mm and whose outside diameter is 4 to 6 mm or hollow spherical shape whose inside thickness is 0.6 to 1.5 mm and whose diameter is 4 to 6 mm. A ratio of volume of the macroscopic pore whose diameter is less than 500 nm to total volume of the macroscopic pore whose diameter is equal to or greater than 50 nm is within a range of 30 to 70%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: MAHLE FILTER SYSTEMS JAPAN CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yuji Arase, Junpei Omichi, Takashi Hasumi, Koji Yamasaki
  • Patent number: 9284614
    Abstract: The invention relates to: a pre-treatment method for plant biomass hydrolysis reaction raw materials characterized in comprising a process for mixing a solid catalyst and solid substrate beforehand and grinding same simultaneously (grinding process); a plant biomass hydrolysis reaction raw material pre-treated by said pre-treatment method; and a plant biomass saccharification method comprising a process for hydrolyzing said hydrolysis reaction raw material. The invention provides an efficient and practical pre-treatment method for plant biomass hydrolysis reaction raw materials that can improve the saccharification yield and saccharide concentration of plant biomass hydrolysis reactions, a plant biomass hydrolysis reaction raw material obtained therefrom, and a plant biomass saccharification method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: SHOWA DENKO K.K.
    Inventor: Ichiro Fujita
  • Patent number: 9153814
    Abstract: A composition is provided that includes mesoporous starburst carbon domains. Each of the mesoporous starburst carbon domains is incorporated with particles of metal or metal oxide in an amount of from 40 to 85 total weight percent of the composition. The metal or metal oxide particles can include tin, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, nickel, iron, or ruthenium, or an oxide thereof. The resulting composition when combined with a binder forms a battery electrode. Such a battery electrode operating as an anode in a lithium ion battery has gravimetric capacity of more than 1000 milliampere hours per gram after 15 galvanostatic cycles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Jiajun Chen, Kazuhisa Yano
  • Patent number: 9108186
    Abstract: A method of producing an activated carbon, comprising selecting a raw material for direct-activation, applying a solution of at least 50% phosphoric acid by weight at a ratio of from 0.01 pounds to 0.3 pounds of phosphoric acid solution per pound to the raw material selected for direct activation to produce a phosphoric acid treated raw material, and direct-activating the phosphoric acid treated raw material via a gas activation process to produce an activated carbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventor: John Michael Satterfield
  • Publication number: 20150136316
    Abstract: A method of forming a structured adsorbent sheet is provided. The method includes, combining a nano-adsorbent powder and a binder material to form an adsorbent material, and sandwiching a porous electrical heating substrate between two layers of adsorbent material. The nano-adsorbent powder may be a nano-particle adsorbent. The nano-adsorbent powder may be selected from the group consisting of crystal zeolite, activated carbon, activated alumina, silica gel, and metal organic framework (MOF).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour I'Etude et I'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Yudong Chen, Christian Monereau, Edgar S. Sanders, JR., Pascal Tessier
  • Patent number: 9034789
    Abstract: Provided are an adsorptive carbon which can effectively adsorb vivotoxins such as advanced glycation end products (AGEs), and an adsorbent containing the adsorptive carbon as an active ingredient. The adsorptive carbon according to the present invention has a total pore volume of 0.10 to 1.0 mL/g, an average pore diameter of 1.0 to 2.0 nm, and an absorbance of an infrared absorption band at 1650-1800 cm?1 of no less than 0.005.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: DISEASE ADSORPTION SYSTEM TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Masato Higuchi, Takao Kimura, Masayoshi Takeuchi, Kisaburo Deguchi
  • Publication number: 20150126362
    Abstract: Biomass combustion processes may be controlled to intentionally generate a carbon-containing ash, from which activated carbon is produced according to the methods disclosed. Some variations provide an economically attractive process for producing an activated carbon product, the process comprising combusting a carbon-containing feedstock to generate energy, combustion products, and ash, wherein the ash contains at least 10 wt % carbon; separating and recovering carbon contained in said ash; and further activating or treating the separated carbon, to generate an activated carbon product. Many process variations are disclosed, and uses for the activated carbon product are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Daniel J. Despen, James A. Mennell, David Reamer
  • Publication number: 20150119610
    Abstract: A carbon adsorbent adapted for adsorptive storage and subsequent desorptive release of a decomposition-susceptible gas is described. Such carbon adsorbent comprises porosity in which mesopore volume is less than 0.25 cm3/gm of carbon adsorbent, in which the porosity comprises at least 80% by volume micropores, and at least 65% by volume of the micropores have pore diameter in a range of from 0.3 to 0.72 nm. The carbon adsorbent has a nitrogen adsorption BET surface area greater than 800 m2/g of carbon adsorbent, measured at 77° K, and a bulk density that is greater than 0.55 g/cc of carbon adsorbent. The carbon adsorbent can be utilized in gas storage and dispensing packages of varying type, to provide a safe and reliable source of decomposition-susceptible gas, e.g., acetylene for applications such as gas welding/cutting applications, atomic absorption spectroscopy applications, chemical synthesis and microelectronic products manufacturing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Edward A. Sturm, Thomas H. Baum, J. Donald Carruthers
  • Publication number: 20150101483
    Abstract: An adsorbent media has a pore volume/media volume of at least about 0.12 cc pore volume/cc media, a specific heat capacity of less than about 2.9 J/cc pore volume, and a pressure drop of less than about 4.0 inH2O/ft media at a superficial air velocity of about 500 ft/min, wherein the adsorbent media is in a concentrator system. An extruded honeycomb adsorbent media has a cell density of more than about 200 cells per square inch (cspi), % open area of at least about 50%, an activated carbon content of at least about 50% by weight based on total weight, and a pressure drop of less than about 4.0 inH2O/ft media at a superficial fluid velocity of about 500 ft/min.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: John D. PERRY, Paula S. WALMET
  • Patent number: 9006136
    Abstract: Nanoporous activated carbon material having a high specific capacitance in EDLCs and controlled oxygen content, and methods for making such activated carbon material. Reduction of oxygen content is achieved by (a) curing a carbon precursor/additive mixture in an inert or reducing environment, and/or (b) refining (heating) activated carbon material after synthesis in an inert or reducing environment. The inert or reducing environment used for curing or refining is preferably substantially free of oxygen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Kishor Purushottam Gadkaree, Jia Liu
  • Patent number: 9006137
    Abstract: In at least one embodiment, a compressed gaseous fuel storage pellet is provided comprising a gas adsorbent material and a thermally conductive material extending substantially an entire dimension of the pellet and having a thermal conductivity of at least 75 W/mK. The pellet may include at least two layers of gas adsorbent material spaced apart along a compression direction of the pellet and a substantially continuous layer of the thermally conductive material disposed between the at least two layers of gas adsorbent material. The pellet may further include thermally conductive projections which intersect the layer(s) of thermally conductive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Rachel Blaser, Michael J. Veenstra, Chunchuan Xu
  • Patent number: 8999876
    Abstract: Catalyst compositions comprising molybdenum, sulfur and an alkali metal ion supported on a nanofibrous, mesoporous carbon molecular sieve are useful for converting syngas to higher alcohols. The compositions are produced via impregnation and may enhance selectivity to ethanol in particular.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
    Inventors: Christopher W. Jones, Pradeep K. Agrawal, Tien Thao Nguyen
  • Publication number: 20150093478
    Abstract: An absorbent pad that contains activated carbon to reduce confinement odor in a vacuum-packaged food product is provided. An embodiment of absorbent pad contains activated carbon and an antimicrobial agent that further reduces confinement odor by two mechanisms of action: reducing bacterial counts in the liquid purge that cause breakdown of carbohydrates and proteins in food products; and trapping of confinement odor-causing breakdown products by the activated carbon. The absorbent body in the absorbent pad actively draws in liquid purge and dissolved volatile breakdown products in the vacuum package that produce confinement odor, which produces greater and more rapid contact of odor-causing compounds with the activated carbon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Sayandro Versteylen, Brett N. Stoll, Martin H. Michaels
  • Patent number: 8980787
    Abstract: There is provided a method for producing a graphite material and a graphite material produced by the method The method includes a kneading step of adding a hydrophobic binding material to a first carbonaceous raw material containing coke powder, followed by heat kneading to obtain a mixture, a pulverizing step of pulverizing the mixture obtained in the kneading step to obtain a second carbonaceous raw material, a granulating step of obtaining a granulated powder using the second carbonaceous raw material obtained in the pulverizing step, a hydrophilic binding material and a solvent, a molding step of subjecting the granulated powder obtained in the granulating step to cold isostatic press molding to obtain a molded body, a burning step of burning the molded body obtained in the molding step to obtain a burnt product, and a graphitizing step of graphitizing the burnt product obtained in the burning step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Ibiden Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seiji Minoura, Fumihito Ogawa
  • Patent number: 8980788
    Abstract: The invention provides a hydrogen storage material comprising a porous carbon material having oxygen-containing functional groups on the surface, and Li bonded to the surface of the porous carbon material. The hydrogen storage material of the invention has more excellent hydrogen storage capacity than the prior art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Ai Minoda, Shinji Oshima, Daisuke Watanabe
  • Patent number: 8962520
    Abstract: Provided is a composite adsorbent material and a method for preparing the same. The composite adsorbent material comprises a porous host material of activated carbon impregnated with silica-gel and calcium chloride, and is useful for adsorbing high levels of water vapor. The composite adsorbent material is used in low temperature heat driven adsorption cooling and dehumidification systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Chi Yan Tso, Christopher Yu Hang Chao, Gin Nam Sze-To
  • Patent number: 8950392
    Abstract: A system for converting solar energy to chemical energy, and, subsequently, to thermal energy includes a light-harvesting station, a storage station, and a thermal energy release station. The system may include additional stations for converting the released thermal energy to other energy forms, e.g., to electrical energy and mechanical work. At the light-harvesting station, a photochemically active first organometallic compound, e.g., a fulvalenyl diruthenium complex, is exposed to light and is photochemically converted to a second, higher-energy organometallic compound, which is then transported to a storage station. At the storage station, the high-energy organometallic compound is stored for a desired time and/or is transported to a desired location for thermal energy release.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: K. Peter C. Vollhardt, Rachel A. Segalman, Arunava Majumdar, Steven Meier
  • Patent number: 8932984
    Abstract: Mesoporous activated carbon is disclosed. In at least some embodiments, virgin activated carbon to be processed may be coconut shell-based. The enhanced activated carbon may have a mesopore structure of at least about 10%. The enhanced activated carbon may be produced through a calcium-catalyzed activation process. A chelator may also be used. Catalyzed thermal activation may be carried out until a desired mass loss is achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Evoqua Water Technologies LLC
    Inventor: Adam M. Redding
  • Patent number: 8927103
    Abstract: A method produces activated carbon, suitable in particular for use in double-layer condensers. The method includes a) producing a mixture of a preferably pulverulent carbon material, a base and a hydrophilic polymer chemically inert to the base, b) pressing the mixture produced in step a) to form a pressing and c) activating the pressed body produced in step b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: SGL Carbon SE
    Inventors: Thomas Kirschbaum, Astrid Rota
  • Patent number: 8920796
    Abstract: An adsorbent for an oral administration, comprising a surface-modified spherical activated carbon wherein an average diameter is 0.01 to 1 mm, a specific surface area determined by a BET method is 700 m2/g or more, a volume of pores having a pore diameter of 7.5 to 15000 nm is from 0.25 mL/g to 1.0 mL/g, a total amount of acidic groups is 0.30 to 1.20 meq/g, and a total amount of basic groups is 0.20 to 0.7 meq/g, is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Kureha Corporation
    Inventors: Naohiro Sonobe, Takashi Wakahoi
  • Patent number: 8916493
    Abstract: Disclosed is a self-supporting solid compacted composition of material comprising an ammonia storage material capable of reversibly absorbing and desorbing ammonia in its ammonia saturated state and compacted to such a density that it has of at least 70% of the single crystal density of said material in its ammonia-saturated state in admixture with one or more additive incapable of storing ammonia and having a thermal conductivity of at least five times the thermal conductivity of the ammonia storage material at a temperature of from at least ?45° C. to 250° C., as well as a process for preparing it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Amminex Emissions Technology A/S
    Inventors: Ulrich Quaade, Jakob Svagin, Johnny Johansen, Ryan Bradley
  • Publication number: 20140364302
    Abstract: Systems and methods for treating a fluid with a body are disclosed. Various aspects involve treating a fluid with a porous body. In select embodiments, a body comprises ash particles, and the ash particles used to form the body may be selected based on their providing one or more desired properties for a given treatment. Various bodies provide for the reaction and/or removal of a substance in a fluid, often using a porous body comprised of ash particles. Computer-operable methods for matching a source material to an application are disclosed. Certain aspects feature a porous body comprised of ash particles, the ash particles have a particle size distribution and interparticle connectivity that creates a plurality of pores having a pore size distribution and pore connectivity, and the pore size distribution and pore connectivity are such that a first fluid may substantially penetrate the pores.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Charles E. Ramberg, Stephen A. Dynan, Jack A. Shindle
  • Patent number: 8906823
    Abstract: Sorbents for removal of mercury and other pollutants from gas streams, such as a flue gas stream from coal-fired utility plants, and methods for their manufacture and use are disclosed. Embodiments include brominated sorbent substrate particles having a carbon content of less than about 10%. Other embodiments include one or more oxidatively active halides of a nonoxidative metal dispersed on sorbent substrate particles mixed with activated carbon in an amount up to 30% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Xiaolin David Yang, Pascaline Harrison Tran, Lawrence Shore
  • Publication number: 20140357481
    Abstract: A device for stabilizing fuel in a fuel tank comprises activated carbon. The activated carbon is configured to be inserted into or installed inside a fuel tank, so that it is in contact with the fuel. The device allows the activated carbon to be in contact with the fuel, but does not allow it to be dispersed in the fuel. A method for stabilizing fuel in a fuel tank comprises adding the device to the fuel tank so that it is in contact with the fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: B3C Fuel Solutions, LLC
    Inventor: Brian Boezi
  • Patent number: 8871671
    Abstract: A hydrogen storage alloy unit comprises a porous body 7 having a large number of holes (spaces) 9 allowing hydrogen atoms to pass through, and a hydrogen storage alloy covering a surface of the porous body 7, inclusive of surfaces of the holes thereof. The hydrogen storage alloy includes a hydrogen storage base formed of a hydrogen storage material, and a catalytic layer covering a surface of the hydrogen storage base. The porous body 7 is formed of an assembly of hydrogen storage fibers 8 formed by vapor-depositing the hydrogen storage alloy onto nanofibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Atsumitec
    Inventors: Naoki Uchiyama, Tomomi Kanai, Kazumi Harada
  • Patent number: 8865617
    Abstract: An orally administered adsorbent which has a high ability of adsorbing indoxylsulfuric acid, indoleacetic acid, and indole, a method permitting easy and advantageous production of the same, and a drug using the same. The orally administered adsorbent is obtained from spherical particles of activated carbon by carbonizing and activating spherical particles of a furfuryl alcohol resin obtained by resinifying furfuryl alcohol through a self-condensation reaction and curing the resinified furfuryl alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Organic Chemicals Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yasuhiro Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 8865618
    Abstract: A carbon or ceramic monolithic materials with an M2 (macroporous/microporous) hierarchised porous structure is provided as well as method for preparing said materials using a macro/meso/microporous silica cavity. Such materials may be used, in particular for the production of hydrogen purifiers, supercapacitors or electrodes, or else for carrying out catalysed chemical reactions in a heterogeneous phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Universite Pierre et Marie Curie
    Inventors: Rénal Backov, Nicolas Brun, Clément Sanchez
  • Patent number: 8845994
    Abstract: An active material of the present invention has fine pores formed in the interlayer of a carbon material capable of exhibiting electrochemical double layer capacitance. The fine pores are formed by forming an oxidized graphite structure combined with oxygen in the interlayer of a part or whole of the carbon material containing soft carbon and then removing a part or whole of oxygen in the interlayer. A method for producing an energy storage active material for use in an electrochemical double layer capacitor comprises pre-treating a carbon material through heat treatment and oxidizing the pre-treated carbon material using an oxidant. The method further comprises reducing the oxidized carbon material through heat treatment. The interlayer distances of an active material for respective steps, measured by a powder X-ray diffraction method, are 0.33˜0.36 nm in the pre-treatment step, 0.5˜2.1 nm in the oxidation step, and 0.34˜0.5 nm in the reduction step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Electrotechnology Research Institution
    Inventors: Ick Jun Kim, Sun Hye Yang, Seong In Moon, Hyun Soo Kim, Min Jae Jeon
  • Publication number: 20140274659
    Abstract: Adsorbed natural gas (ANG) technology is an energy efficient approach for storing NG at room temperature and low pressure. ANG technology can be applied to several aspects of the NG industry. The usage of an adsorbent material in natural gas storage and transport may provide increased storage density of NG at a given pressure and decreased pressure of gaseous fuel at a given gas density. Such adsorbent materials have been shown to store substantial quantities of natural gas at relatively modest pressures. Because lower-pressure vessels can be far less expensive than comparable sized high-pressure vessels, ANG based storage can be used to lower the cost of storing natural gas in various applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: OSCOMP SYSTEMS INC.
    Inventors: Jimmy ROMANOS, Pedro T. SANTOS, Scott RACKEY
  • Publication number: 20140255283
    Abstract: The present invention provides for a device for reducing a volatile organic compound (VOC) content of a gas comprising a manganese oxide (MnOx) catalyst. The manganese oxide (MnOx) catalyst is capable of catalyzing formaldehyde at room temperature, with complete conversion, to CO2 and water vapor. The manganese oxide (MnOx) catalyst itself is not consumed by the reaction of formaldehyde into CO2 and water vapor. The present invention also provides for a device for reducing or removing a particle, a VOC and/or ozone from a gas comprising an activated carbon filter (ACF) on a media that is capable of being periodically regenerated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
    Inventors: Meera A. Sidheswaran, Hugo Destaillats, William J. Fisk
  • Publication number: 20140251134
    Abstract: The present invention involves the use of nanoporous carbons derived from partially or fully demetalized metal carbides in personal protection equipment for the irreversible absorption/adsorption of both broad and specific targeted gases. These materials have been specifically processed to provide enhanced effective loadings against specific harmful volatile organic compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: BAE Systems Information and Electronic Systems Integration Inc.
    Inventors: Somnath Sengupta, Robert A. Burton, Barry W. Treadway, Christopher L. Rector, Pierre-Alain Auroux, Siddharth Singh, John E. King
  • Publication number: 20140208945
    Abstract: A method of producing an activated carbon, comprising selecting a raw material for direct-activation, applying a solution of at least 50% phosphoric acid by weight at a ratio of from 0.01 pounds to 0.3 pounds of phosphoric acid solution per pound to the raw material selected for direct activation to produce a phosphoric acid treated raw material, and direct-activating the phosphoric acid treated raw material via a gas activation process to produce an activated carbon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: CABOT CORPORATION
    Inventor: John Michael Satterfield
  • Patent number: 8784764
    Abstract: A method for producing an activated carbon material includes forming an aqueous mixture of a natural, non-lignocellulosic carbon precursor and an inorganic compound, heating the mixture in an inert or reducing atmosphere, cooling the heated mixture to form a first carbon material, and removing the inorganic compound to produce an activated carbon material. The activated carbon material is suitable to form improved carbon-based electrodes for use in high energy density devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Kishor Purushottam Gadkaree, Joseph Frank Mach
  • Publication number: 20140196412
    Abstract: The invention provides a food decay odor controller which includes a mercaptan remover.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: Multisorb Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: George E. McKedy
  • Patent number: 8759250
    Abstract: The invention is directed to shaped composite adsorbent material, comprising particulate activated carbon material, bound by a suitable binder, preferably selected from the group of sodium alginate calcium alginate, chitosan, polyacrylamide, polyethylene oxide and mixtures thereof, more in particular a combination of chitosan and alginate, whereby the activation of the carbon material has taken place before binding the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Cabot Norit Nederland B.V.
    Inventors: Eric Robinson, Wilhelmina Margaretha Theresia Maria Reimerink-Schats
  • Patent number: 8758626
    Abstract: A cartridge having at least one layer containing sodium zirconium phosphate and at least one layer containing a combination of acid zirconium phosphate and alkaline hydrous zirconium oxide is described. Methods of using the cartridge for water purification are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Fresenius Medical Care Holdings, Inc.
    Inventor: Raymond Wong
  • Publication number: 20140171306
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of producing an adsorbent. The method includes hydrophilizing a surface of activated carbon with an oxidizing agent, and immersing the activated carbon in a solution of a basic compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2014
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: FUJITSU LIMITED
    Inventors: Toshio MANABE, Hiroaki Yoshida, NORIYASU ASO
  • Patent number: 8754003
    Abstract: A novel method to increase volumetric hydrogen storage capacity for Pt/AC materials, which comprises a material providing step, an acid washing step, a glucose mixing step, a pellet pressing step combining liquefaction and carbonization, a impurity removing step, a mixed solution introducing step, and a washing and filtering step to provide a method for high quality hydrogen storage material production by supporting platinum on active carbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Institute of Nuclear Energy Research Atomic Energy Council, Executive Yuan
    Inventors: Ming-Sheng Yu, Hsiu-Chu Wu, Haw-Yeu Chuang, Huan-Hsiung Tseng, Cheng-Hsiang Tung
  • Patent number: 8754001
    Abstract: A self sustained system for sorbent production includes a thermal reactor for pyrolytic decomposing organic waste material in order to generate synthetic gases and sorbents; sorbent and gas separation unit; gas cleaning unit and gas turbine, supplying energy back to the system. Rice husk is fed continuously into a thermal reactor at a controlled feed rate. The plasma torch is used to heat the reactor to a sufficient temperature, as to convert the rice husk ‘feed’ material to a synthetic gas and solid carbon rich sorbent. Oxygen and steam are added in control quantities to optimize efficiency of production of synthetic gas composition and sorbent quality. The synthetic gas is directed through a heat exchanger, where heat is extracted for producing the process steam. Cooled synthetic gas is used to power a gas turbine as a fuel to produce electricity. In one embodiment the waste material is a rice husk.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Applied Energy Microsystem Asia PTE Ltd.
    Inventors: George Paskalov, Ildar Gafarov
  • Publication number: 20140162873
    Abstract: The invention is directed to improved methods for producing high-quality activated carbons from biochar. The invention also provides materials and methods for creation of activated carbons useful for purification of water, adsorption of gases or vapors, and catalyst supports. The methods include ash modification, physical activation, the addition of a catalyst, chemical activation, and removal and/or recycling of the catalyst. The usefulness of the present method is that it results in the production of a high-quality activated carbon from a waste product of the biofuel manufacturing process, thereby increasing the economic sustainability and viability of the biofuel production process itself.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: SOUTH DAKOTA STATE UNIVERSITY
    Inventor: Zhengrong Gu
  • Publication number: 20140155260
    Abstract: A process for removing mercury from a gas or liquid phase, wherein the gas or liquid phase containing mercury is placed in contact with a composition comprising a precipitated metal sulfide. The precipitated metal sulfide may be made by the process of combining a metal source, sulfide source, and modifier to form the precipitated metal sulfide. The metal source may comprise iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, zirconium, molybdenum, silver, or gold salts. The metal salt may be selected from metal nitrate, metal sulfate, metal phosphate, metal acetate, metal carbonate, metal hydroxide, metal ammonium carbonate, and metal hydroxycarbonate. The sulfide source is selected from hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbonyl sulfide (COS), salts of sulfide (S2-), salts of hydrosulfide (HS—), and salts of polysulfide (Sn2-).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: SUD-CHEMIE INC.
    Inventors: Wayne Turbeville, Greg Korynta, Todd Cole, Jeffery L. Braden
  • Patent number: 8715599
    Abstract: Methods and systems for reducing mercury emissions from fluid streams are provided herein. In embodiments, mercury is removed from flue gas streams by injecting a dry admixture of a porous mercury adsorptive material and at least one halide containing agent into the flue gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Calgon Carbon Corporation
    Inventors: Nicholas R. Pollack, Richard A. Hayden
  • Publication number: 20140120339
    Abstract: Porous carbon monoliths are prepared using emulsions stabilized by carbonaceous particles or aggregates. An illustrative porous carbon monolith comprises carbon black, including any graphitized carbon black particles, carbonized binder and porosity. The porosity includes first pores having a pore size within the range of from about 0.5 ?m to about 100 ?m and second pores having a pore size within the range of from about 1 nm to about 100 nm. The pore size distribution of the first pores does not overlap with a pore size distribution of the second pores.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: CABOT CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ani T. Nikova, Arijit Bose, Ravi Sharma