Continuous Liquid Or Supercritical Phase: Colloid Systems; Compositions An Agent For Making Or Stabilizing Colloid Systems; Processes Of Making Or Stabilizing Colloid Systems; Processes Of Preparing The Compositions (e.g., Micelle; Thickening Agent; Protective Colloid Agent; Composition Containing An Emulsifying Agent With No Dispersant Disclosed; Organic Liquid Emulsified In Anhydrous Hf) Patents (Class 516/9)
  • Patent number: 10125389
    Abstract: A sample handling method may include drawing an encapsulating liquid from an encapsulating-liquid input; discharging the drawn encapsulating liquid (a) onto a free surface of a carrier liquid in a carrier-liquid conduit comprising a stabilisation feature and (b) proximate to the stabilisation feature, the encapsulating liquid being immiscible with the carrier liquid, so that the discharged encapsulating liquid does not mix with the carrier liquid, floats on top of the carrier liquid, and is immobilised by the stabilisation feature; drawing a sample liquid from a sample-liquid input; and discharging the drawn sample liquid, the sample liquid being immiscible with the encapsulating liquid and with the carrier liquid, so that the sample liquid does not mix with the encapsulating liquid or with the carrier liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: GENCELL BIOSYSTEMS LIMITED
    Inventors: Kieran Curran, Paul Fleming, Seamus Gilhooley, Micheál Keane, Inga Rosca, Patrick Tuohy
  • Patent number: 10017713
    Abstract: A composition includes a fluorinated or perfluorinated organic solvent, and a fluorinated surfactant of the general formula (1): [Formula should be inserted here] Rf is a perfluoroalkyl group having 1-6 carbon atoms. Each occurrence of R1 and R2 is independently H or CH3, n is 1-3, and x is 1-3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: William M. Lamanna, Patricia M. Savu, Jason M. Kehren, Liping Claryn Ng, Namiko Ikegaya
  • Patent number: 9897615
    Abstract: Disclosed is the invention to conduct immuno-adsorption of free 25(OH) vitamin D from blood or blood components, notably serum or plasma, after which the absorbed material is measured. A fluoro-alkyl surfactant is used to enhance the solubility of Vitamin D and allow the measurement of free Vitamin D. The invention thus employs a binding protein to absorb the free 25(OH) vitamin D. Thereafter the binding protein comprising the 25-OH vitamin D is subjected to a competitive binding assay with a labeled vitamin D compound, preferably radiolabeled, fluorescent labeled, luminescent labeled, biotin labeled, gold labeled or enzyme labeled. Alternatively the immunocaptured 25-OH vitamin D can be quantitated by mass spectrometry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: Future Diagnostics, B.V.
    Inventors: Michaël Franciscus Wilhelmus Cornelis Martens, George Henry Parsons, Franciscus Maria Anna Rosmalen, Leon Maria Jacobus Wilhelmus Swinkels
  • Patent number: 9745475
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of a new polymeric aqueous emulsion for surface treating particles of mineral matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignees: COATEX, OMYA INTERNATIONAL AG
    Inventors: Denis Ruhlmann, Olivier Guerret, Jacques Mongoin, Joe McJunkins, Djillali Foual, Marc Feller, Samuel Rentsch
  • Patent number: 9529241
    Abstract: A microfluidic device and a method of controlling a fluid included in the microfluidic device. The microfluidic device includes: a chamber; a first fluid that is disposed in the chamber and in which a hygroscopic material is dissolved; a second fluid that is disposed in the chamber and is immiscible with the first fluid; and an electrode portion provide in the chamber and is configured to form an electrical field in the chamber when a voltage is applied to the electrode portion, wherein an interface between the first and second fluids is varied according to the electrical field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jong-hyeon Chang, Woon-bae Kim, Seung-wan Lee, Eun-sung Lee, Kyu-dong Jung, Min-seog Choi
  • Patent number: 9150820
    Abstract: The present invention provides a surfactant composition containing a polyglycerol alkyl ether which is capable of exhibiting a high emulsification performance for silicone oils compounded in cosmetics, detergents, etc., by using a natural alcohol derived from oils and fats as a raw material thereof, a process for producing the surfactant composition in an effective manner, and a use of the surfactant composition. The present invention relates to [1] a surfactant composition including a specific polyglycerol monoalkyl ether (1) and a specific polyglycerol dialkyl ether (2), a mass ratio of [(1)/(2)] being from 65/35 to 75/25; [2] a process for producing the surfactant composition; [3] an emulsifier composition including the surfactant composition; and [4] a detergent composition including the surfactant composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: KAO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mayu Hamamatsu, Takafumi Nishi, Masazumi Iwashita, Tomoaki Sasa
  • Patent number: 9144562
    Abstract: The present invention relates to omega-3 diglyceride emulsions characterized in that the lipid phase comprises at least about 40 wt.-% of diglycerides. Preferably about 70 wt.-% of the acyl-groups of said diglycerides are eicoapentaenoic acid (EPA) groups and/or docasahexaenoic (DHA) groups. The invention further relates to methods of treatment using the omega-3 diglyceride emulsions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2015
    Assignee: THE TRUSTEES OF COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK
    Inventors: Richard J. Deckelbaum, Yvon Carpentier
  • Publication number: 20150133569
    Abstract: Carbon nanotube suspensions or dispersions include carbon nanotubes and a functionalized non-native polycyclic aromatic group attached to a surface of the carbon nanotubes. The carbon nanotubes in the suspensions or dispersions are pretreated by exposing the carbon nanotubes to a solvent (such as N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone), an acid (such as concentrated sulfuric acid), and a non-native polycyclic aromatic group. The carbon nanotubes pretreated according to this method can be dispersed or suspended in a solvent to prepare high concentration suspensions, dispersions and/or inks for various applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Kuanping Gong, Lijie Ci
  • Publication number: 20150126624
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to compositions having lecithin, a plasticizer, and an emulsifier. The composition may be used solubilize polar solvents in non-polar liquids. Methods of producing and using the compositions disclosed herein are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: Archer Daniels Midland Company
    Inventor: Shireen Baseeth
  • Publication number: 20150125931
    Abstract: A method processes a stable emulsion having components from whole-cell biotransformations such as cells, soluble cell components, organic solvents and/or water. In this connection, the emulsion, which is stable after the biotransformation, is mixed with further parts of organic phase, and subsequently the mixture is continuously stirred until a catastrophic phase inversion of the emulsion takes place while mixing; subsequently, this phase-inverted mixture is transferred to a settling container, where the phases of the emulsion separate from one another and can be separated from one another.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET DORTMUND
    Inventors: Christoph BRANDENBUSCH, Gabriele SADOWSKI, Bruno BUEHLER, Jonathan A. COLLINS
  • Publication number: 20150111863
    Abstract: Non-spherical liquid droplets comprising a liquid, an internal solid material defining the shape of the droplet, a benefit agent, and methods of making non-spherical liquid droplets.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Patrick Thomas SPICER, Marco CAGGIONI, Jessica LENIS-ABRIL, Alexandra Victoria BAYLES
  • Publication number: 20150102265
    Abstract: A stabilized assembly including a first liquid phase of non-spherical droplets in a second liquid phase, wherein the second liquid phase is immiscible with the first phase, and nanoparticle surfactants assembled at an interface of the non-spherical droplets and the second phase is disclosed. The nanoparticle surfactants include nanoparticles and end-functionalized polymers that can interact through ligand type interactions, and the first phase is stabilized by a disordered, jammed layer of nanoparticle surfactants. A method of preparing a stabilized assembly is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Thomas P. Russell, Mengmeng Cui, Todd Emrick
  • Publication number: 20150087521
    Abstract: Sulfate and sulfonate derivatives of unsaturated fatty alcohols, processes for making them, and methods of using them are disclosed. In one aspect, a monounsaturated fatty alcohol composition is made by reducing a metathesis-derived monounsaturated alkyl ester. The fatty alcohol composition is then converted to a sulfate or sulfonate derivative by one or more of alkoxylation, sulfation, sulfonation, and sulfitation. Of particular interest are the sulfate and ether sulfate derivatives.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: Stepan Company
    Inventors: David R. Allen, Marcos Alonso, Mary Beddaoui, Randal J. Bernhardt, Aaron Brown, Scott Dillavou, Xue Min Dong, Wilma Gorman, John C. Hutchison, Gary Luebke, Renee Luka, Franz Luxem, Andrew D Malec, Ronald A. Masters, Dennis S. Murphy, Nicholas Pendleton, Irma Ryklin, Patti Skelton, Brian Sook, Chris Spaulding, Krista Turpin, Gregory Wallace, Michael Wiester, Patrick Shane Wolfe
  • Publication number: 20150087724
    Abstract: Unsaturated fatty alcohol alkoxylates, processes for making them, and methods of using them are disclosed. In one aspect, a monounsaturated fatty alcohol alkoxylate is made by reducing a metathesis-derived monounsaturated alkyl ester, followed by alkoxylation of the resulting monounsaturated alcohol. Microscopy reveals that the monounsaturated alkoxylates have isotropic and lamellar phases over a wider range of actives levels compared with their saturated analogs. This attribute expands formulating latitude for many end-use applications. The unsaturated fatty alcohol alkoxylates are valuable in, for example, agricultural solvents, nonionic emulsifiers for agricultural compositions, hard surface cleaners, laundry detergents, specialty foams, additives or surfactants for paints or coatings, and surfactant compositions for enhanced oil recovery.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: David R. Allen, Marcos Alonso, Mary Beddaoui, Randal J. Bernhardt, Aaron Brown, Xue Min Dong, Wilma Gorman, John Hutchison, Gary Luebke, Renee Luka, Franz Luxem, Andrew D. Malec, Ronald A Masters, Dennis S Murphy, Patti Skelton, Brian Sook, Chris Spaulding, Michael Wiester, Patrick Shane Wolfe
  • Patent number: 8986628
    Abstract: A microfluidic method and device for focusing and/or forming discontinuous sections of similar or dissimilar size in a fluid is provided. The device can be fabricated simply from readily-available, inexpensive material using simple techniques.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignees: President and Fellows of Harvard College, The Governing Council of the Univ. of Toronto
    Inventors: Howard A. Stone, Shelley L. Anna, Nathalie Bontoux, Darren Roy Link, David A. Weitz, Irina Gitlin, Eugenia Kumacheva, Piotr Garstecki, Willow R. Diluzio, George M. Whitesides
  • Patent number: 8987168
    Abstract: Certain novel formulations of plant growth media additives that act in such a manner as to permit proper amounts of moisture to contact root systems in order to reduce hydrophobicity within said media. The inventive formulation comprising multi-branched surfactant compounds with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic constituents within each branch attached to a polyfunctional base compound permit effective moisture penetration through plant growth media for sustained seedling and plant growth therein. Such multi-branched wetting agents provide sustained moisture penetration over a sustained period of time, since the individual branches of such compounds may become dissociated from its base polyfunctional compound. Since such branches include both hydrophobic and hydrophilic constituents themselves, and thus act as wetting agents, even after degradation of the initial surfactant compound, repeated wetting and moisture penetration, at least, are permitted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Randy D. Petrea, Shirley A. Whiteside, Christopher A. Byrd
  • Publication number: 20150037239
    Abstract: A method for dispersing nanotubes, comprising forming a nanocomposite solution with associated nanotubes and nanoplatelets, mixing a surfactant to the nanocomposite solution, separating the nanocomposite in solution, wherein the nanotubes remain suspended in the surfactant solution, and isolating the nanotubes in solution. In certain instances, the method further comprises functionalizing the nanotubes in solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicants: KANEKA NORTH AMERICA LLC, THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM
    Inventors: Hung-Jue SUE, Xi ZHANG, Riichi NISHIMURA
  • Patent number: 8927043
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are stabilized powder and aqueous formulations comprising a substantially water insoluble lipophilic bioactive compound and a micelle-forming surfactant. In one embodiment, the formulation further comprises a water soluble reducing agent, and/or a water insoluble reducing agent, and/or a metal chelator, and/or a metal bisulfite reducing agent, or combinations thereof, wherein the formulation remains substantially clear and stable when stored at or below room temperature for a period of at least 6 months or at least 12 months; and methods for preparing these formulations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Mycell Technologies
    Inventor: Volker Berl
  • Patent number: 8912238
    Abstract: Methods of increasing the solubility of a base in supercritical carbon dioxide include forming a complex of a Lewis acid and the base, and dissolving the complex in supercritical carbon dioxide. The Lewis acid is soluble in supercritical carbon dioxide, and the base is substantially insoluble in supercritical carbon dioxide. Methods for increasing the solubility of water in supercritical carbon dioxide include dissolving an acid or a base in supercritical carbon dioxide to form a solution and dissolving water in the solution. The acid or the base is formulated to interact with water to solubilize the water in the supercritical carbon dioxide. Some compositions include supercritical carbon dioxide, a hydrolysable metallic compound, and at least one of an acid and a base. Some compositions include an alkoxide and at least one of an acid and a base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Micron Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Chien M. Wai, Hiroyuki Ohde, Stephen J. Kramer
  • Publication number: 20140323596
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a graphene oxide reduced material dispersed at a high concentration by a cation-? interaction and to a method for manufacturing same, and more particularly to a method for manufacturing a graphene oxide reduced material dispersed in a high concentration by a cation-? interaction comprising: a first step of synthesizing graphite oxide flakes in a powder state from graphite flakes in a powder state; a second step of forming a graphene oxide dispersion solution by dispersing the graphite oxide flakes of the first step into a solvent; a third step of preparing a cation reaction graphene oxide dispersion solution through the interaction of a cation and a ?-structure in an sp2 region by positioning the cation at the center of an arrangement of carbon atoms connected by sp2 bonding in two dimensions in the dispersion solution formed in the second step; and a fourth step of preparing a cation reaction graphene oxide reduced material by reducing the cation reaction graphene oxide dispe
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Seung-yol Jeong, Geon-woong Lee, Joong-tark Han, Hee-jin Jeong, Sung-hun Kim
  • Publication number: 20140296356
    Abstract: The disclosed invention is a method for producing an emulsion, comprising the steps of: (1) causing water and a water-insoluble substance that is to be emulsified to become freely miscible under conditions of temperature and pressure in the vicinity of the vapor-liquid critical point of water; and (2) cooling the product comprised of the water-insoluble substance and water solved each other in the presence of a surfactant to obtain a liquid comprised of the water-insoluble substance dispersed in water or a liquid comprised of water dispersed in the water-insoluble substance. The present invention provides a new method for producing emulsions with high efficiency without requiring a long period of processing or a great amount of energy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
    Inventors: Shigeru Deguchi, Nao Ifuku
  • Patent number: 8846810
    Abstract: A method for producing polymer particles, including (A) polymerizing and granulating a ring-opening polymerizable monomer in a compressive fluid with a catalyst in the presence of a surfactant, or (B) polymerizing and granulating an addition polymerizable monomer in a compressive fluid in the presence of a silicone surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Mase, Takeshi Sako, Idzumi Okajima, Shunsuke Mori, Keishi Mizuno, Yoshitaka Yamauchi, Taichi Nemoto, Chiaki Tanaka, Satoyuki Sekiguchi, Jyun Ishiduka
  • Publication number: 20140288194
    Abstract: An apparatus and process for creating uniformly sized, spherical nanoparticles from a solid target. The solid target surface is ablated to create an ejecta event containing nanoparticles moving away from the surface. Ablation may be caused by laser or electrostatic discharge. At least one electromagnetic field is placed in front of the solid target surface being ablated. The electromagnetic field manipulates at least a portion of the nanoparticles as they move away from the target surface through the electromagnetic field to increase size and spherical shape uniformity of the nanoparticles. The manipulated nanoparticles are collected.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventor: William Niedermeyer
  • Patent number: 8835345
    Abstract: There is provided a catalyst comprising metal nanoparticles supported on nanocrystalline cellulose and a homogeneous catalyst system comprising this catalyst colloidally suspended in a fluid. There is also provided a method of producing this catalyst and various uses thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: The Royal Institution for the Advancement of Learning/McGill University
    Inventors: Audrey Moores, Ciprian M. Cirtiu
  • Patent number: 8815957
    Abstract: A surfactant for water/supercritical carbon dioxide microemulsions that can achieve high water dispersion ability, water/supercritical carbon dioxide microemulsion forming ability under a moderate condition, and high water solubilization rate and that reduces burden on the environment and ecosystem. Provided are a surfactant for stabilizing a water/supercritical carbon dioxide microemulsion including a compound of Formula (I) and a water/supercritical carbon dioxide microemulsion including the surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignees: Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd., Hirosaki University
    Inventors: Masanobu Sagisaka, Shuho Iwama, Masahiro Hida, Yasufumi Shikauchi
  • Publication number: 20140228454
    Abstract: An apparatus and a methods for dispersing particulate materials prone to agglomeration, in a liquid. Particulate materials are exposed to a liquid and put into that liquid to form a suspension or a dispersion in a controlled method thereby minimizing agglomerates. The method uses mechanical/hydro mixing that prevents the physical deterioration of the particulate material and inhibits agglomeration of the particles. In many cases, these materials may be nano materials. Almost all particulate materials can be handled in this manner. This method has been found to be especially useful for preparing solutions of exfoliated graphene and certain drugs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Inventors: Scott Murray, Michael Knox
  • Publication number: 20140220350
    Abstract: Multiple emulsions and techniques for the formation of multiple emulsions are generally described. A multiple emulsion, as used herein, describes larger droplets that contain one or more smaller droplets therein. In some embodiments, the larger droplet or droplets may be suspended in a carrying fluid containing the larger droplets that, in turn, contain the smaller droplets. As described below, multiple emulsions can be formed in one step in certain embodiments, with generally precise repeatability, and can be tailored in some embodiments to include a relatively thin layer of fluid separating two other fluids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 5, 2012
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: President and Fellows of Harvard College
    Inventors: Shin-Hyn Kim, Alireza Abbaspourrad, David A. Weitz
  • Publication number: 20140194537
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing an additive composition which in particular contains specific urea urethanes. The additive composition is extremely suitable as a wetting agent and dispersant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: BYK-CHEMIE GMBH
    Inventors: Bernd Göbelt, René Nagelsdiek, Jürgen Omeis, Frederik Piestert, Wolfgang Pritschins, Natasa Meznaric, Daniela Schröder, Werner Tiegs
  • Patent number: 8771413
    Abstract: The present invention is related to asphalt and asphalt-mineral compositions including at least one cationic organosilicon compound selected from a group consisting of: Y3-aSi(R1a)R2N+R3R4R5X?, Y3-aSi(R1a)R2P+R3R4R5X?, Y3-aSi(R1a)R2ZX?; or mixtures thereof, wherein in each formula Y is independently selected from a group consisting of OR, O(CH2CH2O)nH, (CH3OCH2CH2O), and (CH3CH2OCH2CH2O); a has a value selected from 0, 1 or 2; n is a value from 1 to 10; R is C1-C4 alkyl; R1 is either methyl or ethyl; R2 is C1-C4 alkylene group; R3, R4 and R5 are each independently selected from a group consisting of C1-C22 alkyl wherein at least one such group has more than 8 C-atoms, —CH2C6H5, —CH2CH2OH, —CH2OH and —(CH2)yNHC(O)R6 wherein y has a value of from 2 to 10 and R6 is a C1-C12 perfluoroalkyl radical; X is chloride, bromide, fluoride, iodide, acetate or tosylate; and Z is pyridinium ring of formula C5H5N+.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Zydex Industries
    Inventors: Ajay Ranka, Prakash Mehta
  • Publication number: 20140148517
    Abstract: A process for dispersing agglomerates or clusters of particles utilizing pressure generated from volatilization of an interstitial liquid. More particularly, the method relates to infusing the particles with a first liquid, placing the infused particles in a second liquid or fluid having a higher boiling point than the first liquid and heating the composition to a temperature above the boiling point of the first liquid thereby resulting in breakage of the particles. Compositions including particles dispersed by interstitial liquid vaporization are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Donald L. Feke, Ica Manas-Zloczower, Marcio Rodrigo Loos, Michelle Sing
  • Patent number: 8731133
    Abstract: A pressurized water nuclear reactor (PWNR) includes a core having a containment shield surrounding a reactor vessel having fuel assemblies that contain fuel rods filled with fuel pellets, and control rods, and a steam generator thermally coupled to the reactor vessel. A flow loop includes the steam generator, a turbine, and a condenser, and a pump for circulating a water-based heat transfer fluid in the loop. The heat transfer fluid includes a plurality of nanoparticles having at least one carbon allotrope or related carbon material dispersed therein, such as diamond nanoparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Institute Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald H. Baney, James S. Tulenko, Kevin W. Powers
  • Patent number: 8716171
    Abstract: The present invention relates to preparation of porous gallium (III) oxide [Ga2O3] photocatalyst for production of hydrocarbons a porous gallium oxide photocatalyst for production of hydrocarbons, manufactured by the foregoing method, and a process of producing hydrocarbons using the porous gallium oxide photocatalyst for production of hydrocarbons, manufactured by the foregoing method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Advanced Instititute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Jeung-Ku Kang, Hang-Ah Park, Jung-Hoon Choi, Kyung-Min Choi, Dong-Ki Lee
  • Publication number: 20140121285
    Abstract: Alkyl ether sulfates having 1 to 9 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain and 1 to 20 alkyleneoxy units in the ether moiety are suitable for use as low-foam additives for enhancing the activity of water-soluble or partially water-soluble agrochemicals. They can be used to produce low-foam preparations for crop protection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: Bayer Intellectual Property GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Baur, Thomas Auler, Roland Deckwer, Stephanie Giessler
  • Publication number: 20140121111
    Abstract: An adjuvant composition that contains, based on 100 parts by weight of the adjuvant composition (a) one or more betaine surfactant compounds, and (b) one or more surfactant compounds selected from, alkyl ether sulfates, sulfonates, sulfosuccinates, alkyl ether carboxylates, alkoxylated fatty acids, and alkoxylated alcohols is useful as a component of pesticide compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2014
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: RHODIA OPERATIONS
    Inventors: Rajesh PAZHIANUR, Hedieh MODARESSI, Francis George SMITH
  • Patent number: 8703157
    Abstract: A method of forming and the resulting hydrogel composition comprising poly(vinyl alcohol) at a final concentration of about 20% (w/w) to about 65% (w/w) and polyethylene glycol at a final concentration of about 2% (w/w) to about 20% (w/w), wherein the hydrogel composition has a total polymer content, above about 30% (w/w), higher than the total polymer content of a precursor polymer solution formulated prior to the formulation of the hydrogel composition. The hydrogel composition may further comprise poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) at a final concentration of about 0.10% (w/w) to about 0.75% (w/w).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignees: DePuy Synthes Products, LLC, Drexel University
    Inventors: Kristin B. Kita, Nigel G. Smith, Anthony M. Lowman, Garland W. Fussell, Michael F. Keane
  • Patent number: 8697123
    Abstract: The invention relates to medicine and chemico-pharmaceutical industry. A medication for treating human hyperplastic and inflammatory diseases containing 3,3?-diindolylmethane as an active agent and a carrier containing a mixture of cod-liver oil and at least one polysorbate at the following proportions of the components in mass %: 3,3?-diindolylmethane ?1-20 cod-liver oil 10-20 polysorbate the balance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Zakrytoye akstionernoye obschestvo “VELES FARMA”
    Inventor: Vsevolod Ivanovich Kiselev
  • Publication number: 20140083909
    Abstract: Dual phase compositions for treating a hydrocarbon stream are disclosed, wherein the dual phase compositions are colloidal micellar solutions with an aqueous phase and an oil phase. Methods are also disclosed for reducing emulsions in a hydrocarbon stream by contacting the hydrocarbon stream with a dual phase composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2012
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Cato Russell McDaniel, Kurt Jason Ginsel, Karl Douglas Kuklenz
  • Publication number: 20140073707
    Abstract: Compositions comprising a fluorosurtactant and a fluoro-free hydrotrope are disclosed. The fluoro-free hydrotropes are cationic aromatic compounds, anionic aromatic compounds, or water soluble azo derivatives.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Thomas G. Calvarese, Weiming Qiu, Anilkumar Raghavanpillai, Yamaira Gonzalez
  • Patent number: 8658367
    Abstract: A microfluidic device is provided for analyzing or sorting biological materials, such as polynucleotides, polypeptides, proteins, enzymes, viruses and cells. The invention can be used for high throughput or combinatorial screening. The device comprises a main channel and an inlet channel that communicate at a droplet extrusion region so that droplets of solution are deposited into an immiscible solvent in the main channel. Droplets can thereafter be sorted according to biological material detected in each droplet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Stephen R. Quake, Todd Thorsen
  • Patent number: 8658368
    Abstract: A microfluidic device is provided for analyzing or sorting biological materials, such as polynucleotides, polypeptides, proteins, enzymes, viruses and cells. The invention can be used for high throughput or combinatorial screening. The device comprises a main channel and an inlet channel that communicate at a droplet extrusion region so that droplets of solution are deposited into an immiscible solvent in the main channel. Droplets can thereafter be sorted according to biological material detected in each droplet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Stephen R. Quake, Todd Thorsen
  • Publication number: 20140051774
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a method for producing a composition having a disperse phase finely dispersed in a continuous phase with low polydispersity, the method which is excellent in production efficiency This object is achieved by a method for producing a composition having a disperse phase finely dispersed in a continuous phase, the method comprising the steps of: (A) supplying a swirl flow of a continuous phase liquid into a cylinder having a circumferential surface partially or wholly composed of a porous membrane; (B1) jetting a disperse phase fluid through the porous membrane into the swirl flow to form a fluid column extending from a surface of the porous membrane into the cylinder; and (B2) by means of a shear force of the swirl flow, cutting off a part of the fluid column at a position with a distance of 2P to 10P in a radial direction from the surface of the porous membrane, where P is an average pore size of the porous membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: KYUSHU UNIVERSITY, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION
    Inventor: Mitsuya Shimoda
  • Patent number: 8652803
    Abstract: The invention is directed to methods and compositions for deparaffinizing paraffin-embedded biological samples for subsequent tissue staining. The compositions are microemulsions that may include water/oil/surfactant microemulsions, and optionally a cosurfactant. The microemulsions enable deparaffinization without the use of xylene or toluene, and also enable solvent exchange without the use of intermediary alcohol dehydration or alcohol rehydration compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Ventana Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian H. Kram, Christopher Bieniarz, Paul D. Drumheller
  • Patent number: 8633253
    Abstract: The present invention relates to omega-3 diglyceride emulsions characterized in that the lipid phase comprises at least about 40 wt.-% of diglycerides. Preferably about 70 wt.-% of the acyl-groups of said diglycerides, are eicoapentaenoic acid (EPA) groups and/or docasahexaenoic (DHA) groups. The invention further relates to methods of treatment using the omega-3 diglyceride emulsions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
    Inventors: Richard J. Deckelbaum, Yvon Carpentier
  • Patent number: 8629187
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide cellulose fine particles having a small particle diameter and a high average polymerization degree, and a liquid dispersion or a solid dispersion thereof. The inventive cellulose fine particles have an average particle diameter of 9 to 400 nm and an average polymerization degree (DP) of cellulose of 150 to 3,000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Fibers Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiyuki Shiomi, Nobuyuki Mimura
  • Patent number: 8629076
    Abstract: A metal oxide-carbon composite includes a carbon aerogel with an oxide overcoat. The metal oxide-carbon composite is made by providing a carbon aerogel, immersing the carbon aerogel in a metal oxide sol under a vacuum, raising the carbon aerogel with the metal oxide sol to atmospheric pressure, curing the carbon aerogel with the metal oxide sol at room temperature, and drying the carbon aerogel with the metal oxide sol to produce the metal oxide-carbon composite. The step of providing a carbon aerogel can provide an activated carbon aerogel or provide a carbon aerogel with carbon nanotubes that make the carbon aerogel mechanically robust. Carbon aerogels can be coated with sol-gel silica and the silica can be converted to silicon carbide, improving the thermal stability of the carbon aerogel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Marcus A. Worsley, Joshua D. Kuntz, Theodore F. Baumann, Joe H. Satcher, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20130345323
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a dispersing method of a carbon nanotube comprising: the first step of mixing a carbon nanotube aggregate, a magnetic material and a dispersant; and the second step of applying a magnetic field to the mixture obtained in the first step to disperse the carbon nanotube aggregate, a dispersing apparatus of a carbon nanotube, and a carbon nanotube dispersion obtained thereby. A carbon nanotube aggregate can be more effectively dispersed without damaging a carbon nanotube by the dispersing method of a carbon nanotube according to the present disclosure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Applicant: RESEARCH & BUSINESS FOUNDATION SUNGKYUNKWAN UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Dong Hyun LEE, Seung Yong Son
  • Publication number: 20130345318
    Abstract: Silicone polyethers and a process for preparation thereof wherein polyethers modified laterally with methylidene groups are reacted with hydrosiloxanes in a hydrosilylation reaction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Inventors: Frank SCHUBERT, Michael Ferenz, Wilfried Knott
  • Patent number: 8586648
    Abstract: An aqueous colorant dispersion including a colorant (A), a polymer (B), and an aqueous liquid medium (I), wherein the polymer (B) is a copolymer including a hydrophilic structural unit and a hydrophobic structural unit, the content of the hydrophobic structural unit in the polymer (B) being more than 80% by mass but less than 100% by mass, the hydrophobic structural unit includes a hydrophobic structural unit (a) having an aromatic ring linked via a linking group to an atom included in the main chain of the polymer (B), the content of aromatic rings in the polymer (B) is 10% by mass or more but less than 20% by mass with respect to the mass of the polymer (B), the hydrophilic structural unit includes a hydrophilic structural unit (b) including an ionic group, and the polymer (B) includes a structural unit (c) different from the hydrophobic structural unit (a) and from the hydrophilic structural unit (b), the content of the structural unit (c) in the polymer (B) being more than 15% by mass but less than 90% by
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Takafumi Hosokawa, Misato Sasada, Naoya Shibata
  • Patent number: 8574669
    Abstract: A fine polymer particle production method includes producing an emulsion in a liquid prepared by dissolving and mixing a polymer A and a polymer B in organic solvents in which a solution phase composed primarily of the polymer A and a solution phase composed primarily of the polymer B are formed as separate phases, and bringing it into contact with a poor solvent for the polymer A to precipitate the polymer A. This method serves for easy synthesis of fine polymer particles with a narrow particle size distribution and the method can be effectively applied to production of highly heat-resistant polymers that have been difficult to produce with the conventional methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Itaru Asano, Yuji Echigo, Hiroshi Takezaki
  • Publication number: 20130274353
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for generating droplets with a high level of uniformity in liquid systems that present a low interfacial tension. This method and apparatus utilize the breakup of the dispersed phase in a controlled fashion by periodically varying the pressure that drives the fluids so as to successfully generate emulsions with a good control over the size. The method and apparatus can be used for the formation of simple emulsion or double emulsion where a larger droplet contains one or more smaller droplets.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG
    Inventors: Ho Cheung Shum, Alban Sauret, Zida Li, Yang Song