Group Viii Metal Containing Catalyst Utilized For The Fischer-tropsch Reaction (i.e., Fe, Co, Ni, Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Or Pt) Patents (Class 518/715)
  • Patent number: 10399061
    Abstract: The Fischer-Tropsch process can be used for the conversion of hydrocarbonaceous feed stocks into normally liquid and/or solid hydrocarbons. The feed stock (e.g. natural gas, associated gas and/or coal-bed methane, coal) is converted in a first step into a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide (this mixture is often referred to as synthesis gas or syngas). The synthesis gas (or syngas) is then converted in one or more steps over a suitable catalyst at elevated temperature and pressure into paraffinic compounds ranging from methane to high molecular weight molecules comprising up to 200 carbon atoms, or, under particular circumstances, even more. The present invention relates to a catalyst, a method for manufacturing said catalyst. The present invention further relates to a catalyst obtainable by said method. The present invention further relates to a multi tubular reactor comprising said catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Abderrahmane Chettouf, Johan Peter Den Breejen, Ronald Jan Dogterom, Matthieu Simon Henri Fleys
  • Patent number: 9938468
    Abstract: A new method of producing fuel from biological oils and fats is provided, which comprises the following steps: (a) proceeding with a catalytic cracking-deoxygenation reaction for the biological oils and fats under heating in the presence of a cracking-deoxygenation catalyst; (b) mixing the product of step (a) with hydrogen gas; and (c) proceeding with a catalytic hydrodeoxygenation reaction for the mixture from step (b) under heating in the presence of a hydrodeoxygenation catalyst. By means of the method of the present invention, clean fuel produced by using biological oils and fats as raw materials is compatible with the fuel composition produced from crude oil refining.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignees: ECO ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE LIMITED, DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Changhai Liang, Bin Xu, Philip Siu, Lei Wang, Xiao Chen, Zhengfeng Shao, Zihui Xiao
  • Patent number: 9908110
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of preparing a supported catalyst, which method comprises the steps of; (i) providing a porous catalyst support comprising a framework having an internal pore structure comprising one or more pores which internal pore structure comprises a precipitant; (ii) contacting the catalyst support with a solution or colloidal suspension comprising a catalytically active metal such that, on contact with the precipitant, particles comprising the catalytically active metal are precipitated within the internal pore structure of the framework of the catalyst support. The invention also relates to supported catalysts made according to the above method, and to use of the catalysts in catalyzing chemical reactions, for example in the Fischer Tropsch synthesis of hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: IGTL TECHNOLOGY LTD.
    Inventor: Richard Hyman
  • Patent number: 9748560
    Abstract: Disclosed is a negative electrode for an alkaline secondary battery, which can suppress elution of iron to improve the long-period storage property of the battery capacity even under conditions in which elution of iron in a substrate into an electrolyte solution tends to occur, and which can also suppress lowering of initial capacity and increase in internal resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: GS Yuasa International Ltd.
    Inventors: Tadashi Kakeya, Manabu Kanemoto, Mitsuhiro Kodama
  • Patent number: 9707546
    Abstract: Catalyst compositions, methods of making catalysts, and methods of conducting Fischer-Tropsch (FT) reactions are described. It has been discovered that a combination of large crystallite size and high porosity results in catalysts and FT catalyst systems with high stability and low methane selectivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Velocys Technologies, Ltd.
    Inventors: Laura Richard, Kai Jarosch, Heinz J. Robota, Daniele Leonarduzzi, Diarmid Roberts
  • Patent number: 9666877
    Abstract: A method of preparing catalytic materials comprising depositing platinum or non-platinum group metals, or alloys thereof on a porous oxide support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: STC.UNM
    Inventors: Alexey Serov, Ulises A Martinez, Plamen B Atanassov
  • Patent number: 9580375
    Abstract: The invention relates to a continuous method for producing formic acid from CO2 and extracting the formic acid using compressed CO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: RHEINISCHE-WESTFÄLISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE AACHEN
    Inventors: Walter Leitner, Ulrich Hintermair, Sebastian Wesselbaum
  • Patent number: 9545620
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst composition comprising cobalt manganese oxide which is modified with silicon in the form of a hydrophilic silica, the catalyst further comprises at least one of lanthanum, phosphorus, Fe, Zr, and Zn, and optionally one or more basic elements selected from the group consisting of alkali metal, alkaline earth metal, and transition metal. Furthermore, a method for preparing the catalyst composition and a process for producing aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons using the catalyst composition are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Khalid Karim, Mohammed Al-Semahi, Asad Khan
  • Patent number: 9523040
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to improvements in the design of Fischer-Tropsch catalysts comprising a support and cobalt on the support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: Velocys Technologies Limited
    Inventors: Frank Daly, Laura Richard, Sreekala Rugmini
  • Patent number: 9525166
    Abstract: A negative electrode for an alkaline secondary battery includes a current collecting substrate having a substrate containing iron. The current collecting substrate does not have a conductive protecting layer, or has a conductive protecting layer having a thickness of 3 ?m or less or having defects, on the substrate. The negative electrode contains magnesium or a magnesium compound and a hydrogen storing alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: GS Yuasa International Ltd.
    Inventors: Tadashi Kakeya, Manabu Kanemoto, Mitsuhiro Kodama
  • Patent number: 9446391
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for producing a protected reduced supported metal catalyst powder, in particular catalysts used in a variety of chemical reactions, such as the hydrogenation of hydrocarbon compounds in petrochemical and oleochemical processes; the hydrogenation of unsaturated fats and oils, and unsaturated hydrocarbon resins; and in the Fischer Tropsch process. This invention also relates to a composition comprising said catalyst and a liquid. In accordance with the invention there is provided a process for preparing a protected, reduced metal catalyst on a support, wherein said supported catalyst is in the form of a powder, which process comprises contacting and mixing said supported catalyst with a liquid in an inert atmosphere and wherein the amount of liquid corresponds to up to five times the amount required for incipient wetness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: BASF CORPORATION
    Inventors: Robert Johan Andreas Maria Terörde, Albertus Jacobus Sandee
  • Patent number: 9416067
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst composition comprising cobalt manganese oxide which is modified with lanthanum and/or phosphorus and optionally one or more basic elements selected from the group consisting of alkali metal, alkaline earth metal and transition metal. Furthermore, a method for preparing said catalyst composition and a process for producing aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis using said catalyst composition is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Khalid Karim, Saleh A. Al-Sayari
  • Patent number: 9259713
    Abstract: Preparation of a catalyst comprising at least one metal from group VIII said process comprising stabilization of an oxide support, by impregnation of said oxide support, rapid drying, calcination of impregnated and dried oxide support, stabilization stage being followed at least once by impregnation of stabilized oxide support, drying of stabilized and impregnated oxide support operating in a fluidized bed in the presence of a gas, said support being subjected to a temperature rise ramp of between 0.5 and 5° C/min to attain a temperature of between 50 and 170° C, the residence time of said support once the drying temperature is reached being between 20 and 180 min, and calcination of said dried impregnated stabilized oxide support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Sylvie Maury, Fabrice Diehl, Adrien Berliet, Joseph Lopez
  • Patent number: 9248435
    Abstract: A process for preparing a cobalt-containing hydrocarbon synthesis catalyst includes calcining an initial catalyst precursor comprising a catalyst support supporting a cobalt compound, by heat treating the initial catalyst precursor under non-reducing conditions in order to decompose the cobalt compound and/or to cause the cobalt compound to react with oxygen, thereby to obtain a calcined initial catalyst precursor. A cobalt compound is introduced onto and/or into the calcined initial catalyst precursor so that the calcined initial catalyst precursor supports this cobalt compound thereby obtaining a subsequent catalyst precursor. The subsequent catalyst precursor is directly subjected to reduction conditions to activate the subsequent catalyst precursor, thereby to obtain a cobalt-containing hydrocarbon synthesis catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: SASOL TECHNOLOGY (PROPRIETARY) LIMITED
    Inventor: Hendrik Van Rensburg
  • Patent number: 9249359
    Abstract: A method of preparing a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst for handling, storage, transport and deployment, including the steps of impregnating a porous support material with a source of cobalt, calcining the impregnated support material, activating the catalyst, and passivating the activated catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: GTL.F1 AG
    Inventors: Sigrid Eri, Erling Rytter, Rune Myrstan
  • Patent number: 9168515
    Abstract: The invention relates to a catalyst for selective synthesis of high-quality gasoline fractions from syngas and the preparation method of the catalyst. This catalyst consists of cobalt, a promoter and molecular sieve, wherein cobalt is presented in an amount of 1-30%, the promoter is represented in an amount of 0.01-5% and the balance is molecular sieve based on the weight of the catalyst. This catalyst provides superior selectivity for C5-C11 isoparaffins and relatively lower selectivity for wax-type hydrocarbons with more than 20 carbon atoms. Thereof, this catalyst can be used for the synthesis of high-quality gasoline and is good at preventing catalyst coking. Besides, the invention provides a preparation method of the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: Wanhua Industrial Group Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ye Wang, Jincan Kang, Lei Zhang, Qinghong Zhang, Kang Cheng, Qingge Zhai, Jiansheng Ding, Weiqi Hua, Yinchuan Lou
  • Patent number: 9023901
    Abstract: A synthesis gas conversion process and system are disclosed. Fresh syngas from a methane reformer is used as a sweep zone gas feed which is caused to flow across a water permselective membrane in a membrane reactor. The water permselective membrane is adjacent a synthesis gas conversion reaction zone in which synthesis gas is contacted with a catalyst and converted to effluent including water. Water is removed from the reaction zone through the membrane and passes out of the reactor with the sweep zone gas. The water is then removed from the sweep zone gas forming a modified gas feed which is fed to the reaction zone. The modified gas feed has a preferred H2/CO ratio to feed into the reaction zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Lixin You, Shabbir Husain, Christopher M. Chen
  • Patent number: 9023900
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for converting a reactant composition comprising H2 and CO to a product comprising at least one aliphatic hydrocarbon having at least about 5 carbon atoms, the process comprising: flowing the reactant composition through a microchannel reactor in contact with a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst to convert the reactant composition to the product, the microchannel reactor comprising a plurality of process microchannels containing the catalyst; transferring heat from the process microchannels to a heat exchanger; and removing the product from the microchannel reactor; the process producing at least about 0.5 gram of aliphatic hydrocarbon having at least about 5 carbon atoms per gram of catalyst per hour; the selectivity to methane in the product being less than about 25%. Also disclosed is a supported catalyst comprising Co, and a microchannel reactor comprising at least one process microchannel and at least one adjacent heat exchange zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Velocys, Inc.
    Inventors: Yong Wang, Anna Lee Tonkovich, Terry Mazanec, Francis P. Daly, Dave VanderWiel, Jianli Hu, Chunshe Cao, Charles Kibby, Xiaohong Li, Michael D. Briscoe, Nathan Gano, Ya-Huei Chin
  • Patent number: 9023899
    Abstract: Disclosed are hybrid Fischer-Tropsch catalysts containing cobalt deposited on hybrid supports. The hybrid supports contain an acidic zeolite component and a silica-containing material. It has been found that the use of the hybrid Fischer-Tropsch catalysts in synthesis gas conversion reactions results in high C5+ productivity, high CO conversion rates and low olefin formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Kandaswamy Jothimurugesan, Robert James Saxton
  • Patent number: 9006298
    Abstract: The disclosed invention relates to a process for conducting a Fischer-Tropsch reaction, comprising flowing a reactant mixture comprising fresh synthesis gas and tail gas in a microchannel reactor in contact with a catalyst to form at least one hydrocarbon product, the catalyst being derived from a catalyst precursor comprising cobalt and a surface modified catalyst support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Velocys, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Claude LeViness, Francis Daly, Laura Richard, Sreekala Rugmini
  • Patent number: 8975304
    Abstract: A process for producing hydrocarbons and, optionally, oxygenates of hydrocarbons is provided. A synthesis gas comprises hydrogen, carbon monoxide and N-containing contaminants selected from the group consisting of HCN, NH3, NO, RXNH3-X, R1—CN and heterocyclic compounds containing at least one nitrogen atom as a ring member of a heterocyclic ring of the heterocyclic compound. The N-containing contaminants constitute, in total, at least 100 vppb but less than 1 000 000 vppb of the synthesis gas. The synthesis gas is contacted at an elevated temperature and an elevated pressure, with a particulate supported Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst. The catalyst comprises a catalyst support, Co in catalytically active form supported on the catalyst support, and a dopant selected from the group consisting of platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), ruthenium (Ru) and/or rhenium (Re). The dopant level is expressed by a formula. Hydrocarbons and, optionally, oxygenates of hydrocarbons are obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Sasol Technology (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventors: Jacobus Lucas Visagie, Herman Preston, Abdool Muthalib Saib
  • Patent number: 8952076
    Abstract: A method of producing an alumina-supported catalyst for use in a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction, which comprises: calcining an initial ?-alumina support material at a temperature of at least 550° C. to produce a modified alumina support material; impregnating the modified alumina support material with a source cobalt; calcining the impregnated support material at a temperature of 700° C. to 1200° C., and activating the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Statoil ASA
    Inventors: Erling Rytter, Torild Hulsund Skagseth, Hanne Wigum, Nonyameko Sincadu
  • Publication number: 20150031922
    Abstract: The present invention describes a process and catalysts for the conversion of a light hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide input stream into high quality syngas with the subsequent conversion of the syngas into fuels or chemicals. In one aspect, the present invention provides an efficient, solid solution catalyst for the production of a carbon containing gas from carbon dioxide and light hydrocarbons. The catalyst comprises a single transition metal, and the transition metal is nickel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Robert Schuetzle, Dennis Schuetzle
  • Patent number: 8940802
    Abstract: A method is described for optimizing the operation of a reaction section for the synthesis of hydrocarbons from a feed comprising synthesis gas, operated in the presence of a catalyst comprising cobalt, said method comprising the following steps: a) determining the theoretical partial pressure of CO in the reaction section; b) optionally, adjusting the partial pressure of CO determined in step a) to a value of 4 bar or higher; c) determining a new value for the theoretical partial pressure of CO in the reaction section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignees: ENI S.p.A., IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Marie Claire Marion, Andrea Tasso, Ugo Cornaro
  • Publication number: 20150018438
    Abstract: The present invention relates to: a catalyst activation method for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis; a catalyst regeneration method for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis; and a method for producing a liquid or solid hydrocarbon by using the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction. The temperatures required for a metal carbide producing and activating reaction is markedly lower than existing catalyst activation temperatures, and the catalyst can be activated under conditions that are the same as Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction conditions, and thus there is no need for separate reduction equipment in the reactor, and a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst which has been used for a long time can be regenerated within the reactor without the catalyst being isolated or extracted from the reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Kyoung Su Ha, Geun Jae Kwak, Jae Hoon Jung, Joo Young Cheon, Min Hee Woo, Yun Jo Lee, Ki Won Jun
  • Publication number: 20150018201
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a process for producing carbon nanofibers and/or carbon nanotubes, which process comprises pyrolysing a particulate cellulosic and/or carbohydrate substrate that has been impregnated with a compound of an element or elements, the metal or alloy, respectively, of which is capable of forming carbides, in a substantially oxygen free, volatile silicon compound containing atmosphere, optionally in the presence of a carbon compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: BASF CORPROATION
    Inventors: Jacobus Hoekstra, John Wilhelm Jenneskens
  • Patent number: 8916491
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for producing a catalyst for carrying out methanation reactions. The production of the catalyst is based on contacting of a hydrotalcite-comprising starting material with a fusible metal salt. The compounds brought into contact with one another are intimately mixed, thermally treated so that the metal salt fraction melts and subsequently subjected to a low-temperature calcination step and a high-temperature calcination step. The metal salt melt comprises at least one metal selected from the group consisting of K, La, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Ce, preferably Ni. The metal salt melt more preferably comprises/contains nickel nitrate hexahydrate. The hydrotalcite-comprising starting material is preferably hydrotalcite or a hydrotalcite-like compound as starting material, and the hydrotalcite-comprising starting material preferably comprises magnesium and aluminum as metal species.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Claudia Querner, Andrian Milanov, Stephan Schunk, Andreas Strasser, Guido Wasserschaff, Thomas Roussiere
  • Patent number: 8912240
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for making methanol and ethanol from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. The process includes contacting a mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen with a catalyst system containing a ruthenium compound—and optionally, a chloride or bromide-containing compound—dispersed in a low-melting tetraorganophosphonium chloride or bromide salt under conditions effective to produce methanol and ethanol. The invention also relates to a process for making methanol and ethanol from carbon monoxide and water using the same catalyst system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Jan Hendrik Blank, David John Cole-Hamilton, Robert Thomas Hembre, James Allen Ponasik, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8895631
    Abstract: A Fischer-Tropsch process including the steps of providing a reactor having a substrate element with a surface and a plurality of elongated micro-structures of catalyst material attached to the substrate surface The catalyst material includes at least one of cobalt, iron, or ruthenium and the micro-structures have a width of less than about 1 um and a length at least five times the width. A carbon compound and hydrogen are injected into the reactor such that at least a portion of the carbon compound and hydrogen contact the catalyst material. The carbon compound and hydrogen are reacted with the catalyst at a temperature between about 150° F. and about 400° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Louisiana Tech University Research Foundation; a division of Louisiana Tech University Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Chester Wilson, John McDonald, Joshua Brown
  • Publication number: 20140343175
    Abstract: Disclosed are a process and a system for synthesis gas conversion. The process includes contacting a synthesis gas feed of hydrogen and carbon monoxide having a H2/CO ratio from 0.5 to 3.0 with a hybrid catalyst of particles having a particle size from 50 to 500 ?m and having at least one zeolite and a Fischer-Tropsch component wherein the ratio of zeolite to Fischer-Tropsch component is from 0.1:1 to 30:1 and the hybrid catalyst includes from 0.5 to 40 wt % Fischer-Tropsch component. The process is conducted in a compact heat exchange reactor having a set of reaction passages disposed between a synthesis gas feed header and a products header and a set of coolant passages disposed between a coolant inlet header and a coolant outlet header. The set of coolant passages conducts a coolant therethrough, and the set of reaction passages contains the hybrid catalyst therein and conducts synthesis gas and reaction products therethrough. The process is conducted at a temperature from 200 to 2800° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2014
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Robert James Saxton, JR., Kandaswamy Jothimurugesan, Charles Leonard Kibby
  • Patent number: 8883866
    Abstract: A method for continuous production of hydrocarbons from synthesis gas in the presence of a cobalt-based catalyst which comprises a step of providing synthesis gas from a source (1) of synthesis gas in a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactor (4). The method also includes the following steps: a) conditioning of the catalyst in reduced state in a conditioning reactor (2) by contact with a flow of reducing gas from a synthesis gas source supplying the synthesis reactor, the reducing conditioning gas comprising carbon monoxide (CO) or a mixture comprising hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO), the H2/CO molar ratio of which is between 0.1 and 0.9, at a temperature between 200 and 500° C., and a total pressure between 0.1 and 5 MPa and under a gas flow between 1 and 20 NI/h/g of catalyst to be treated, b) supply of reduced catalyst conditioned in step a) to the synthesis reactor (4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Marie-Claire Marion, Fabrice Diehl, Francois Hugues
  • Publication number: 20140323601
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a catalyst suitable for catalyzing a Fischer-Tropsch reaction, said catalyst comprising cobalt metal supported on zinc-oxide and having the following particle size distribution by volume: <10% having a particle size below 1 micron, 70-99% having a particle size between 1 and 5 micron, and <20% having a particle size above 5 micron.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 6, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: BASF Corproation
    Inventors: Tjalling Rekker, Cornelis Roeland Baijense
  • Patent number: 8859631
    Abstract: A process is described for the conversion of synthesis gas into hydrocarbons including the steps of; (i) passing a synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide over a cobalt catalyst at elevated temperature and pressure to produce a first reaction product mixture comprising hydrocarbons, steam, carbon monoxide and hydrogen, (ii) condensing and separating water from the first reaction product mixture to produce a de-watered first reaction product mixture, (iii) passing the de-watered first reaction product mixture over a supported ruthenium catalyst at elevated temperature and pressure to produce a second reaction product mixture containing hydrocarbons, and (iv) recovering the hydrocarbons from the second reaction product mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventor: Mark McKenna
  • Publication number: 20140296357
    Abstract: Provided are a support for supporting a metal, a metal-supported catalyst, a methanation reaction apparatus, and a method relating thereto that realize effective methanation of carbon monoxide. The support for supporting a metal includes a carbonized material obtained by carbonizing raw materials containing an organic substance and a metal, in which the support is used for supporting a metal that exhibits a catalytic activity for a methanation reaction of carbon monoxide. The metal-supported catalyst includes: a support formed of a carbonized material obtained by carbonizing raw materials containing an organic substance and a metal; and a metal that exhibits a catalytic activity for a methanation reaction of carbon monoxide, the metal being supported on the support.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: National University Corporation gunma University
    Inventors: Jun-ichi Ozaki, Hiroki Takahashi, Takuya Takahashi, Naokatsu Kannari, Rieko Kobayashi, Naoto Saito
  • Patent number: 8841229
    Abstract: A process for preparing a catalyst precursor includes, in a first preparation step, impregnating a particulate catalyst support with an organic metal compound in a carrier liquid. The metal of the organic metal compound is an active catalyst component. An impregnated intermediate is formed, and is calcined to obtain a calcined intermediate. Thereafter, in a second preparation step, the calcined intermediate from the first preparation step is impregnated with an inorganic metal salt in a carrier liquid. The metal of the inorganic metal salt is an active catalyst component. An impregnated support is obtained, and is calcined, to obtain the catalyst precursor. The metal is in particular cobalt. The precursor is reduced, in particular with hydrogen, to obtain the active catalyst. Also claimed is a process for the hydrogenation of CO, as well as a process for the hydrogenation of an organic compound using the so-prepared catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Sasol Technology (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventors: Robert Johan Andreas Maria Terorde, Luuk Laurentius Kramer
  • Patent number: 8835516
    Abstract: A process for performing a Fischer Tropsch reaction comprising (a) providing syngas to a reactor, said reactor comprising catalyst particles that have been produced by extruding a paste using a die comprising a plurality of channels extending from an inlet to an outlet, wherein from the inlet to the outlet each channel comprises a first section with a helical bore with a non-circular cross-section, and a second section with a cylindrical bore which has a diameter equal or greater than that of the first section, wherein the second section is at least twice as long as a diameter of the first section; (b) providing the following process conditions in the reactor: a temperature from 125 to 350° C., and a pressure from 5 to 150 bar absolute, and a gaseous hourly space velocity from 500 to 10000 Nl/l/h; and (c) removing Fischer Tropsch product from the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Rene Georges Ernst Barthel, Maria Johanna Wilhelmina Van Wieringen, Leonardus Maria Van Der Sman, László Domokos
  • Publication number: 20140250770
    Abstract: A unique process and catalyst is described that operates efficiently for the direct production of a high cetane diesel type fuel or diesel type blending stock from stoichiometric mixtures of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. This invention allows for, but is not limited to, the economical and efficient production high quality diesel type fuels from small or distributed fuel production plants that have an annual production capacity of less than 10,000 barrels of product per day, by eliminating traditional wax upgrading processes. This catalytic process is ideal for distributed diesel fuel production plants such as gas to liquids production and other applications that require optimized economics based on supporting distributed feedstock resources.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Greyrock Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Schuetzle, Dennis Schuetzle
  • Patent number: 8822369
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing a hydrocarbon-producing catalyst for producing a hydrocarbon from a mixed gas of carbon monoxide and hydrogen and provides a method for producing, with stability and at high productivity, a hydrocarbon-producing catalyst with which the rate of conversion of carbon monoxide to hydrocarbon is high, the methane selectivity is low, the high activity can be maintained over a long period, the desorption of the active metal is unlikely to occur, and the durability is excellent. The method includes a precursor film forming step of putting a sol solution of an active metal compound and a metal oxide precursor in contact with a heated catalyst carrier 2 to form a precursor film on a surface of the catalyst carrier 2, and a hydrolysis step of gelling the precursor film by hydrolysis to form a metal oxide gel film 4, with the active metal 6 dispersed uniformly, on the surface of the catalyst carrier 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Kitakyushu Foundation for the Advancement of Industry, Science and Technology
    Inventors: Xiaohong Li, Hisashi Yuuda
  • Publication number: 20140243435
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for making methanol and ethanol from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. The process includes contacting a mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen with a catalyst system containing a ruthenium compound—and optionally, a chloride or bromide-containing compound—dispersed in a low-melting tetraorganophosphonium chloride or bromide salt under conditions effective to produce methanol and ethanol. The invention also relates to a process for making methanol and ethanol from carbon monoxide and water using the same catalyst system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY
    Inventors: Jan Hendrik BLANK, David John COLE-HAMILTON, Robert Thomas HEMBRE, James Allen PONASIK, JR.
  • Patent number: 8815962
    Abstract: A catalyst comprising NiO, a metal mixture comprising at least one of MoO3 or WO3, a mixture comprising at least one of SiO2 and Al2O3, and P2O5. In this embodiment the metal sites on the catalyst are sulfided and the catalyst is capable of removing tar from a synthesis gas while performing methanation and water gas shift reactions at a temperature range from 300° C. to 600° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Lummus Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Sourabh S. Pansare, Joe D. Allison, Steven E. Lusk, Albert C. Tsang
  • Patent number: 8802741
    Abstract: Disclosed are hybrid Fischer-Tropsch catalysts containing cobalt and ZSM-48 zeolite. The hybrid Fischer-Tropsch catalysts can contain cobalt deposited on ZSM-48 extrudate supports. Alternatively, the Fischer-Tropsch catalysts can contain cobalt deposited on supports mixed with ZSM-48 particles. It has surprisingly been found that the use of hybrid Fischer-Tropsch catalysts containing ZSM-48 zeolite in synthesis gas conversion reactions results in improved C5+ productivity and catalyst activity, as well as a desirable product distribution including low formation of methane and C21+.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Kandaswamy Jothimurugesan, Robert James Saxton
  • Publication number: 20140213670
    Abstract: Disclosed are hybrid Fischer-Tropsch catalysts containing cobalt and ZSM-48 zeolite. The hybrid Fischer-Tropsch catalysts can contain cobalt deposited on ZSM-48 extrudate supports. Alternatively, the Fischer-Tropsch catalysts can contain cobalt deposited on supports mixed with ZSM-48 particles. It has surprisingly been found that the use of hybrid Fischer-Tropsch catalysts containing ZSM-48 zeolite in synthesis gas conversion reactions results in improved C5+ productivity and catalyst activity, as well as a desirable product distribution including low formation of methane and C21+.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 25, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Kandaswamy Jothimurugesan, Robert James Saxton
  • Publication number: 20140213669
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus is disclosed that uses a gas lift tubing arrangement to produce synthetic hydrocarbon related products. Using the Fischer Tropsch process as an example, the tubing is packed with a suitable catalyst and then hydrogen and carbon monoxide are injected into the top of the tubing in a fashion similar to a gas lift process. As the gases travel past the catalyst, synthetic hydrocarbons are formed and heat is rejected. The synthetic hydrocarbons and water flow out of the bottom of the tubing and travel up the annulus to the surface. In some embodiments, this process is carried out in a producing well or a in producing riser. In a producing well or a producing riser, the production from the well which flows up the annulus cools the synthetic hydrocarbon derived products. In additional and alternate embodiments, this process can be used in non-flowing wells.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventor: Robert P. Herrmann
  • Publication number: 20140200279
    Abstract: A catalyst for methanation of carbon dioxide. The catalyst is formed by mixing ash from a biomass power plant with a nickel compound and calcining the resulting mixture. The catalyst formed by calcination includes between 2 and 20 wt. % of nickel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2014
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: WUHAN KAIDI ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Zhilong WANG, Yanfeng ZHANG, Yilong CHEN, Yongjie XUE, Leiming TAO, Zhixiang LUO, Xingcai ZHENG
  • Patent number: 8779014
    Abstract: The present invention provides a slurry catalyst and a method for preparing the same, and belongs to the technical field of preparing catalyst. Particularly, the present invention provides a slurry catalyst directly used in a slurry bed reactor for synthesizing methanol and dimethyl ether and a method for preparing the same, which uses the complete liquid phase preparation from solution to slurry without the conventional slurry-producing process of firstly forming a solid catalyst and dispersing it into an inert medium after crushing and milling. This catalyst mainly comprises Cu, Zn, Al and Zr, wherein atomic ratios of each of components are Cu/Zn/(Al+Zr)=1/0.1-5/0.15-15 and Zr/Al=1:1.0-1:30, and one or two selected from the group consisting of lanthanide metals, Mn, Mo, Si, V, W, Cr, Mg, Ni, K, Pd, Rh, Ru, Re, Pt and Sr is used a promoter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Taiyuan University of Technology
    Inventors: Wei Huang, Zhihua Gao, Lihua Yin, Kechang Xie
  • Patent number: 8779013
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention are directed to apparatus and methods for converting carbon dioxide and/or methane into higher alkanes and hydrogen gas in a single reaction chamber using a catalyst and microwave radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Amiren LLC
    Inventor: Ben Zion Livneh
  • Publication number: 20140194542
    Abstract: Catalytic process for the partial conversion of a gaseous mixture containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen into a mixture of hydrocarbons, including bringing the said gaseous mixture into contact with a solid catalyst, the solid catalyst having a porous support with a composite material including SiC and a titanium carbide and/or a titanium oxide, and an active phase. The support is prepared in the form of grains, beads, or extrudates, or in the form of cylinders or sheets of cellular foam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Inventors: Francis Luck, Charlotte Pham, Patrick Nguyen, Cuong Pham-Huu, Benoit De Tymowski
  • Publication number: 20140194541
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for C2 oxygenate synthesis in which a hydrogenated active metal is supported on a porous carrier to synthesize a C2 oxygenate from a mixed gas containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide, wherein the porous carrier has an average pore diameter of 0.1 to 20 nm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicants: NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, SEKISUI CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tomoaki Nishino, Toshihito Miyama, Kazuhisa Murata, Yanyong Liu
  • Publication number: 20140179810
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a reducing method of carbon dioxide using sunlight and hydrogen, and an apparatus therefor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: SOGANG UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: Kyung Byung Yoon
  • Patent number: 8754137
    Abstract: Enhanced mixed metal catalysts are provided which allow high conversions of carbon dioxide to methane, in some cases up to about 100% conversion. Methods of preparing enhanced mixed metal catalysts comprise a series of steps involving combining nickel and chromium salts with a nucleation promoter in a base environment to form a gel, allowing the gel to digest to form a solid and a mother liquor, isolating the solid, washing the solid, drying the solid, and thermally treating the solid to form a nickel-chromium catalyst. Methanation processes using the catalysts are also provided. The enhanced mixed metal catalysts provide more efficient conversion and lower operating temperatures for carbon dioxide methanation when compared to conventional methanation catalysts. Additionally, these enhanced catalyst formulations allow realization of higher value product from captured carbon dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Scott A. Scholten, Joe D. Allison, Brian C. Dunn